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  • Steps for shifting into the technical world..

    Prof. K.Lakshmi Prasad

    M.Tech(IIT-B),PhD(IIT-B),MISTE,FIE

    Principal, GITAM, Visakhapatnam

        

         To find and absorb worthy candidates, all top organizations conduct written tests (both online and off line) to analyze students’ ability in verbal, analytical and subject skills. Majority of the software companies conduct only verbal and analytical test (Ex. TCS, WIPRO, INTERGRAPH etc.), where as a few organizations like Microsoft, Google, Mind tree, Accenture etc.,organize tests

    based on coding/programming along with analytical tests.
            Core companies conduct examination in the respective domain of the Engineering. These types of papers generally cover 20 to 30 subjects of Engineering. For both analytical and subject tests negative marking is followed by a few organizations like ADP, Collabor etc.
            All software companies mainly concentrate on programming and knowledge of fundamentals in the respective subjects of Engineering. Organizations like Microsoft, Mu Sigma, Google, Amazon etc., conduct 3 to 4 rounds of technical interviews for each candidate short listed in the written tests. Some sample questions for Microsoft interview are:
    1. Write a routine that takes input as a string such as “aabbccdef” and o /p “a2b2c2def” or “a4bd2g4” for “aaaabddgggg” - write it perfectly as if it should be ready to shipped after you code it.
    2. In the same question (q1) why will u o/p “abc” for the i/p “abc” instead of “a1b1c1.”
    3. Given an NXN matrix with 0s and 1 s now whenever you encounter a 0 make the corresponding row and column elements 0.
    The next phase in the process of placements is a Group Discussion.
            Group Discussions are conducted by organizations to gauge whether the candidate has certain personality traits and skills that they desire. It is a simulated exercise in which the selected participate on a particular topic to arrive at a general consensus.
    The Skills assessed during a Group Discussion are:
    1. Communication Skills
    2. Interpersonal Skills
    3. Knowledge about the subject
    4. Leadership Qualities
    5. Analytical Skills
    6. Conflict Management
    7. Team Work
    8. Problem Solving Skills
    9. Adaptability Positive Attitude and
    10. Confidence
            The last step in the selection process is an interview which is a conversation between an employer and a candidate with the purpose of learning more about each other. The interview is an opportunity for further screening.
    Following is the list of a few critical success factors that nearly every employer seeks:
    1. Positive attitude towards work
    2. Proficiency in field of study
    3. Communication skills (oral and written)
    4. Interpersonal skills
    5. Confidence
    6. Critical thinking and problem-solving skills
    7. Flexibility
    8. Self-motivation
    9. Leadership
    10. Teamwork
            Although all the above mentioned are very essential in the placement process, it all begins with the student presenting himself in a nutshell through a resume. A good résumé convinces the employer that the student has what it takes to be successful in this new position or career. It should be so pleasing to the eye that the reader is enticed to pick it up and read it. It whets the appetite, stimulates interest in meeting the student and learning more about him/ her.
    The information to be included in a resume:
    1. Name and Contact Details
    2. Job Objective
    3. Academic qualification and Training
    4. Skills (Language Skills, Computer Skills, Etc.)
    5. Work Experience
    6. Personal Information
    7. References

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