• Your Statement Must Answer Three Questions !

         The engineering design project is a set of steps that a student takes to go from first, identifying a problem or need to, at the end, creating and developing a solution that solves the problem or meets the need. If your project involves creating or inventing something new, the following steps may be followed.


    The steps involved in the engineering design project are Define the Problem
           The engineering design project starts when you ask the questions below about problems that you observe:
    * What is the problem or need?
    * Who has the problem or need?
    * Why is it important to solve?
    [Who] need(s) [what] because [why].
    * Finding an idea for your engineering project requires you to identify the needs of yourself, another person, or a group of people. The act of looking at the world around you to identify these needs is called need finding.
    * To help you find an idea for your engineering project:
           a) Create a list of all the things that annoy or bother the people around you. Record this bug list in your Design Notebook.
             b) Mind Map possible design problems, ideas or areas of interest to you.
    * Once you have found an idea for your engineering project, describe the problem by writing a problem statement. Your problem statement must answer three questions:
          a) What is the problem or need?
          b) Who has the problem or need?
          c) Why is it important to solve?
        d) Before moving forward with an idea for your engineering project, be sure to evaluate your problem.
    * The design project takes several months to complete and involves many different steps and phases along the way.If you have recorded all of your work in different places, it would be almost impossible to find important thoughts when you need to refresh your memory. And it would be difficult to gather all your work to present your final solution. To avoid being disorganized, engineers keep design notebooks, where they record every detail of their projects along the way.
    Do Background Research
          Learn from the experience of others rather than blunder around and repeat their mistakes. So, for an engineering design project, do background research. To make a background research plan — a roadmap of the questions you need to answer -- follow these steps:
    1. Identify questions to ask about your target.
    2. Identify questions to ask about the products that already exist to solve the problem you defined or a problem that is very similar.
    3. Plan to research how your product will work and how to make it.
    4. Network with other people with more experience than yourself: your mentors, parents, and teachers. Ask them: "What should I study to better understand my engineering project?" and "What area of science covers my project?" better yet, ask even more specific questions.
    Specify Requirements
           Design requirements state the important characteristics that your solution must meet to succeed. One of the best ways to identify the design requirements for your problem is to analyze the concrete example of a similar, existing product, noting each of its key features.
    * Project requirements state the important characteristics that your project must meet in order to be successful.
    * One of the best ways to identify the project requirements is to use the concrete example of a similar, existing product, noting each of its key features. Here is how to analyze:
          a) A physical product
          b) A software product or website
          c) An environment
          d) An experience
    * To complete the requirements step of the project, you should write a project brief— a document that holds all of the key information for solving your problem in one place.
    Create Alternative Solutions
          There are always many good possibilities for solving design problems. If you focus on just one before looking at the alternatives, it is almost certain that you are overlooking a better solution. Good engineers try to generate as many possible solutions as they can.
    * When creating alternative solutions DON'T SETTLE FOR YOUR FIRST IDEA!
    * Good engineers try to generate as many possible solutions as they can before choosing one that they feel is the best. This creative process of developing ideas is called ideation.
          a) Methods of ideation include
          b) Examining existing solutions
          c) Creating and using analogies
          d) Conducting brainstorming sessions
          e) Sketching and doodling
    Choose the Best Solution
           Look at whether each possible solution meets your project requirements. Some solutions probably meet more requirements than others. Reject solutions that do not meet the requirements.
    Develop the Solution
          Development involves the refinement and improvement of a solution and it continues throughout the project.
    * The goals of development work are to
          a) Make it work!
          b) Reduce risk.
          c) Optimize success.
    The design process involves multiple loops and circles around your final solution. You will likely test your solution—find problems and make changes—test your new solution—find new problems and make changes—and so on, before settling on a final design.
    Build a Prototype
           A prototype is an operating version of a solution. Often it is made with different materials than the final version, and generally it is not as polished. Prototypes are a key step in the development of a final solution, allowing the engineer to test how the solution will work. At this point, you have created prototypes of your alternative solutions, tested those prototypes, and chosen your final design. So you're probably thinking that your project is finished! But in fact, you have yet to complete the final and most important phase of the engineering design project—test and redesign.
    Test and Redesign
          The project involves multiple loops and circles around your final solution. You will likely test your solution - - find problems and make changes -- test your new solution -- find new problems and make changes -- and so on, before settling on a final design.
    Communicate Results
           To complete your project, communicate your results to others in a final report and/or a display board. Professional engineers always do the same, thoroughly documenting their solutions so that they can be discussed and supported.
    - Dr.N.V.Ramana Rao

Industry      Interaction

Higher Education

Job Skills

Soft Skills

Comm. English

Mock Test

E-learning