international - 2019 APRIL

April 29

Japan’s emperor Akihito
Japan’s emperor Akihito is preparing to become the country’s first monarch to  abdicate in two centuries, before his eldest son takes over as the new heir to the chrysanthemum throne.
The 85-year-old emperor, the first Japanese monarch without any constitutional power, would duly report his abdication to his ancestors and the Shinto gods at sacred spots inside the imperial palace grounds in Tokyo.
Apprehensive of his age to carry out public duties Emperor Akihito expressed his desire to abdicate in 2016. He will enter the Matsu no Ma (Hall of Pine) at the imperial palace and relinquish his title in a short ceremony.

April 25

World Immunization Week 2019
World Immunization Week 2019 is being observed from 24-30 April with the theme 'Protected Together : Vaccines work'.
World Immunisation Week is usually celebrated during the last week of April. World Immunization Week sprung out of the efforts taking place across different countries and regions for a week-long immunization awareness commemoration.
World Immunization Week is one of eight official campaigns marked by the WHO. 

Vladimir Putin and Kim Jong Un hold first-ever talks in Vladivostok

Mr. Putin while talking in support of ongoing efforts to ease tensions on the Korean peninsula and wants to boost bilateral economic ties.
He also assured that the North Korean leader's visit to Russia will help the two countries to better understand how to resolve the situation on the Korean peninsula.
The three-day forum Belt and Road initiative summit starting on 25th April
It is also known as the One Belt One Road or the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road, is a development strategy adopted by the Chinese government.
It is meant to promote to revive ancient trading routes between Asia and Europe, as well as build new links in the Middle East, Africa, and South America.
This event is important for Beijing, which uses the forum as a way to convince the international community, as well as its own citizens, for the success of the project.

April 24

Indonesia releases special stamp on Ramayana theme

To mark the 70th anniversary of the establishment of its diplomatic ties with India Indonesia has released a special commemorative stamp on the theme of Ramayana.
The stamp, designed by Indonesian sculptor Padmashri Bapak Nyoman Nuarta, features a scene from Ramayana in which Jatayu fought to save Sita.

World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines
According to new World Health Organisation (WHO) guidelines, children should not engage in more active play than sedentary screen time. It says babies and toddlers must not be left to watch television or other screens passively before turning two.  Every year more than 5 million deaths across all age groups are due to lack of physical activity.

April 21

UAE Cabinet adopts National Artificial Intelligence Strategy 2031

At the Presidential Palace in Abu Dhabi the UAE Cabinet has recently adopted a new National Artificial Intelligence Strategy 2031.
It Aims to develop an integrated system that employs artificial intelligence in vital areas in the UAE.
The strategy implementation is done by the Emirates Council for Artificial Intelligence and Digital Transactions, in coordination with a number of local and federal entities.
The strategy includes a number of initiatives, aimed at employing artificial intelligence in vital areas such as education, government services and the community well being.

April 19

India has rebuilt Chhyoiphel Kundeling Monastery in Nepal.
The Monastery has been reconstructed with Government of India grant of 18.9 million Nepalese rupees.
The Chhyoiphel Kundeling Monastery was established in 1946 with the active initiation and contribution of Lisankhu villagers.
It has been carrying out various socio-cultural activities like teaching Buddhism, Thangka painting, wood carving and sculpting etc.
Asian Tea Alliance launched in China
A union of five tea-growing and consuming countries, Asian Tea Alliance, was launched in Guizhou in China.
The members of the alliance are the Indian Tea Association, China Tea Marketing Association, Indonesian Tea Marketing Association, Sri Lanka Tea Board and Japan Tea Association.

April 18

Israeli President formally asks Netanyahu to form next government
President of Israel Reuven Rivlin has formally handed Benjamin Netanyahu his letter of appointment to start building a coalition government following last week’s general election.
Netanyahu will have 28 days to form a government, with the possibility of a two-week extension at the discretion of the president.

April 17

Nearly 300 people arrested in ongoing climate change protests
Nearly 300 people have been arrested in ongoing climate change protests that brought parts of the British capital London to a standstill.
The protests were organised by the campaign group Extinction Rebellion. This campaign group was established in 2018 in Britain by academics.
It has become one of the world's fastest-growing environmental movements.
In Bangladesh, the historic Mujibnagar day, on 17thApril every year is observed.
This day marks “The oath taking ceremony of Bangladesh's first government in 1971” at Baidyanathtala in Meherpur.
A wreath at portrait of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in front of Bangabandhu Memorial Museum at Dhanmondi was placed as a mark of reverence.

April 15

Social Democrats party wins general elections in Finland

The Social Democrats will head a government for the first time in 16 years, though it has been a junior coalition member since then.
Singapore airport: Tallest indoor waterfall opens
The Rain Vortex is seven storeys tall, and pumps 500,000 litres of rainwater through the roof of the Jewel building - that's a fifth of the volume of an Olympic-sized swimming pool.
Indonesians to vote in world's biggest single-day election
About 190 million people in Indonesia will be eligible to cast their votes on 17 April, in what is being called one of the biggest exercise and most complicated single-day.
General elections will be held in Indonesia on 17 April 2019. For the first time in the country's history, the president, the vice president, and members of the People's Consultative Assembly, will be elected on the same day.

April 13

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, picked Mohammad Ishtayeh as the Prime Minister.
A longtime adviser to Abbas, as the new government for the West Bank-based Palestinian Authority has been sworn-in. 
His 24-member cabinet took the oath of office at Abbas' headquarters in Ramallah. The new cabinet replaces a technocratic government formed by Rami Hamdallah in 2014 after an agreement between Fatah and Hamas.
Nepal sent a team to re measure Mt. Everest.
The project was mounted after speculations that the world’s tallest peak has shrunk after the earth quake of 2015.
In 1954 the Survey of India measured it as 8,848 meters.
The world's largest aero plane
It is a Stratolaunch behemoth with two fuselages and six Boeing 747 engines – It is the giant six-engine aircraft made its first test flight in California.
The mega jet carried out its maiden voyage over the Mojave desert. It is designed to carry into space, and drop, a rocket that would, in turn, ignite to deploy satellites. The aircraft is so big its wing span is longer than a football field, or about 1.5 times that of an Airbus A380.

April 4

South Korea launches the world’s first fully-fledged 5G mobile networks. 
The system will bring smart phones instantaneous connectivity 20 times faster than the existing 4G.
This allows users to download entire movies in less than a second.

April 3

A rare giant Salamander given new home in the UK.
The rare giant Salamanders are the largest amphibians in the world,
They were once widespread across China
After an attempt to smuggle the rare Chinese giant salamander into the UK this extremely rare Chinese giant salamander was rescued
The young animal has now been given a new home at ZSL London Zoo,
There the scientists hope to eventually establish a breeding programme.
Many Nature and Animal conservationists strongly feel that the illegal wildlife trade was placing tremendous pressure on the creatures.

24 multi-role MH-60 'Romeo' Seahawk helicopters to India from the USA
The US has approved the sale of 24 multi-role MH-60 'Romeo' Seahawk helicopters to India at an estimated cost of $2.6 billion.
These helicopters would replenish India's aging fleet of British-made Sea King helicopters.
It is considered the world's most advanced maritime helicopter. The helicopters are currently deployed with the US Navy.
The Lockheed Martin-built helicopters are designed for hunting submarines, targeting ships, and conducting search-and-rescue operations at sea.
Google will shut down its social media platform Google+
Google on April 2, 2019, officially shut down its social media platform Google+
This was launched in 2011 to rival with other social media platforms like Facebook and Twitter.
Google decided to close the site after discovering a data breach in 2018.

April 2

Batman will become the first Inductee of Comic-On Museum’s Character Hall of Fame
On 17th July, 2019, Batman will become the first Inductee of Comic-On Museum’s Character Hall of Fame in a ceremony at 50th Annual Comic-Con International in San Diego, USA on 17th July 2019.
Batman is a fictional character of DC Comics. 
Batman first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in 1939.
Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika resigns. The 82-year-old ailing leader has been in power for 20 years.
After weeks of mass protests, Bouteflika had dropped plans to seek a fifth term as opposition to his rule grew.

Prince Naruhito names the new era as’ Reiwa' as he succeeds his father Emperor Akihito
Reiwa' will be the name for the new era when Prince Naruhito succeeds his father Emperor Akihito, who will abdicate his position on April 30

After his abdication, it is curtains for the 31-year 'Heisei' era (Since 1989)

While 'Rei' means "good" and "beautiful" as well as "order" or "command", 'Wa' means "peace" or "harmony".

The imperial calendar system from China was imported by Japan about 1,300 years ago.

Japan adopted the practice of “one emperor, one era name” starting with the Meiji era (1868-1912).

April 1

Japan reveals name of new imperial era will be 'Reiwa'
'Reiwa' will be the name for the new era when Prince Naruhito succeeds his father Emperor Akihito on May 1, 2019.
The country's current era, Heisei, will end in a month with Emperor Akihito's historic abdication.
While 'Rei' means "good" and "beautiful" as well as "order" or "command", 'Wa' means "peace" or "harmony".