international - 2015 JANUARY

January 2

Indian company restores Jaffna-Kankasanthurai rail track in Sri Lanka.
Indian Railway’s construction company (IRCON) has restored the rail track between Jaffna and Kankasanthurai in North Srilanka.
18 kilometer long Jaffna-Kankasanthurai rail track in North Sri Lanka was inaugurated by Sri Lanka’s Transport Minister Kumara Welgama.
This 18 kilometer track passes through the high security zone which was freed from the control of Tamil tigers in 2009.
To mark the inauguration, famous Yal Devi Express was flagged off.
About: Jaffna-Kankasanthurai rail track in Sri Lanka
The entire rail line between Colombo and the Northern part of Sri Lanka was destroyed in the late 1980s by the LTTE.
IRCON is playing important role in rebuilding the 252 km railway track on this route. Indian Government had provided a line of credit of 800 million dollars for these projects. In 2014, the line upto Jaffna was made operational after it was restored.
The complete 252 km railway track will be completed by IRCON in collaboration with Sri Lanka Railways in four segments of which three have been completed and are operational.
The fourth segment will be completed by March 2015. Three completed segments covering a distance of 215 kilometer track length include.
Omanthai to Jaffna - 129 km 
Medawachchiya to Thiruketheeswaram - 69 km
Jaffna to Kankasanthurai - 18 km 
Fourth segment will cover 37 km long stretch between Thiruketheeswaram and Talai Mannar Pier.
IRCON: Indian Railway’s construction company.
Established: 1976.
Head quarters: New Delhi, india.
Chairman and managing director: Mohan Tiwari.

Five new non-permanent members elected to UN Security Council.
Angola, Malaysia, New Zealand, Venezuela and Spain — have begun their two-year term, replacing Argentina, Australia, Luxembourg, South Korea and Rwanda.
Elections for the non-permanent membership to the security council take place every year and candidates need to win at least two thirds of votes by the 193 members of the UN General Assembly.
Octavio Errazuriz, permanent representative of Chile to the U.N., took over the rotating council presidency from Cherif Mahamat Zene, the Chadian U.N. ambassador.
Established: 1946.
Council president: Mahamat Zene Cherif.

January 3

China's Deep Sea Submersible 'Jiaolong' Begins Exploration of Indian Ocean.
China's deep sea manned submersible Jiaolong carried out the first dive on a mission to study active hydrothermal vent in the south-western Indian Ocean.
The Chinese vessel Jiaolong, named after a mythical dragon, Jiaolong reached its deepest depth of 7,062 meters in the Pacific's Mariana Trench in June 2012 and started its five-year trial period in 2013.
Jiaolong was expected to dive 20 times to research polymetallic sulphides, biological diversity, hydrothermal microbes and genetic resources in the south-western Indian Ocean in a 120-day expedition.
The 15-year approval was secured by China from the International Seabed Authority (ISA).
Israel withholds tax revenue it collects on behalf of the Palestinians.
Israel decided to stop the transfer of about 500 million shekels (127.6 million US dollars) of taxes to the Palestinian Authority Government. The taxes were collected on behalf of the Palestinians for the month of December 2014.
The Israel step has come in retaliation against the move by the Palestinians to join the International Criminal Court in The Hague.
The Palestinian envoy to the United Nations, Riyad Mansour had submitted the Palestinian application to the ICC to the UN’s top legal affairs official, Stephan Mathias, at the UN headquarters in New York.
Under the application, the envoy had requested to grant retroactive jurisdiction to the court to cover war crimes allegedly committed by the Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) during Operation Protective Edge.
About: International criminal court
Established: 17 July 1988.
Came into force: 1 July 2002. 
Headquarters: Hague, Netherlands.
President: Song Sang - Hyun.
Prosecutor: Fatou Bensouda.

January 4

China launches military procurement website to make defence operations more transparent.
China launched an official military weapons procurement website to guarantee transparency in arms procurement.
Under the General Armament Department of the People's Liberation Army (PLA), the website, provides information on the country's weapon and armament needs, relevant policies, procurement notices, enterprise lists and technology.
A total of 350 items to be procured have been listed on the website, with wheeled 4G base stations and composite materials the top two most-read as of press time.
PLA: People's Liberation Army.
Established: August 1, 1927.

January 5

International Hindi Conference to be held in New Jersey.
The International Conference on Hindi to be held in New Jersey in April 2015.
The theme of the Conference is Expanding World of Hindi: Possibilities and Challenges.
The participants of the conference include Hindi scholars from various parts of the world especially from the U.S. and India.
About International Hindi Conference 2015:
The participants of the International Hindi Conference will discuss the current status of the teaching and learning of Hindi among other things.
Topics such as Hindi in higher education, Expanding the use of Hindi in businesses and commerce, Community support for Hindi and Current status of the teaching and learning of Hindi will be taken up in the conference.
This conference will provide a forum for participants to get together and identify challenges and find solutions for the advancement of the Hindi language in North America and the Caribbean region.

January 6

Pakistan Parliament passes 21st Constitutional Amendment and Army Act Amendment Bill.
Pakistan Parliament adopted the 21st Constitutional Amendment Bill and the Pakistan Army (Amendment) Bill, 2015.
The bill came into force although Members of the National Assembly belonging to the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) and Jamiat Ulema-i-Islam-F (JUI-F) refrained from voting.
For secure passage, the constitution amendment bill required a two-third majority in the 342-seat National Assembly and 104-seat Senate. On the other hand, the Pakistan Army (Amendment) Bill for passage needed a simple majority in both the Houses{National Assembly (Lower House) and Senate (Upper House).
Constitutional Amendment Bill was passed in the Lower House with 237 votes without any opposition, whereas, the Pakistan Army (Amendment) Bill was passed unanimously.
About 21st Constitution Amendment Bill 2015:
The Bill amended the Article 175 and the First Schedule of the Constitution. It also has a self-contained sunset clause, which causes the amendments to expire on January 7, 2017.
Amendment of First Schedule of the Constitution:
The new entries shall be added, namely.
The Pakistan Army Act 1952.
The Pakistan Army Act 1953.
The Pakistan Navy Act 1961.
The Protection of Pakistan Act 2014.

Russian President Vladimir Putin Signed Decree allowing Foreigners entry Into Russia's Army.
President Vladimir Putin signed a decree permitting foreign citizens to serve in the Russian army and Interior Ministry troops.
As per the decree, Foreigners aged 18 to 30 can enlist in the military under five-year contracts only if they  speak Russian and have no criminal record.
Earlier, they were required to get Russian citizenship to serve in Russian Military, or a paper granting them Russian citizenship rights, but now they can serve legally without Russian citizenship.
The decree will now allow people from former Soviet republics in Central Asia and other regions to join in  as soldiers and they are  likely  to earn higher salaries and will  receives  military benefits.

About Decree:
Decrees were legislative acts of the highest Soviet institutions, primarily of the Council of People's Commissars, the highest executive body and of the Supreme Soviet issued between 1917 and 1924. Such acts issued after 1924 are referred to as Decisions or Ukases in Soviet sources.

January 7

America's oldest time capsule buried in 1795 opened.
Capsule was buried by war figures Paul Revere, Samuel Adams and William Scollay in 1795 Was placed under a cornerstone of the State House in Massachusetts.
It revealed a trove of coins, documents, newspapers and memorabilia dating from America's colonial beginnings to the fragile early days of the United States.
The 10-pound, corroded copper box held two-dozen silver and copper coins from 1652 to 1855; a silver plaque engraved by Revere, who was a silversmith; a copper medal depicting George Washington; five newspapers; the seal of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts; "calling" cards; and a title page from the Massachusetts Colony Records.
The newspapers were folded in such a way that the names of the publications weren’t always visible, but one might have been a copy of the Boston Evening Traveller, a newspaper operation that was eventually absorbed into the current Boston Herald.

January 8

India to provide $60 million LoC to Guyana for road infrastructure projects.
India will provide a USD 60 million worth Line of Credit (LoC) to Guyana for construction of a road project and a passenger ferry service to help the country tackle its transport problem.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi had given his approval for the LoC during the bilateral talks with Guyana President Donald R. Ramotar on the sidelines of the 13th Pravasi Bhartiya Divas. Guyana President is the chief guest of Pravasi Bhartiya Divas.
About India and Guyana Relationship
India and Guyana, once a part of the British Empire share historical relations approximately 3,27,000 Guyanese citizens who are of Indian descent, The Indo-Guyanese make up the largest ethnic group in Guyana.
The two nations share a cordial relation since independence of Guyana in May 1966.
The Economic cooperation between the two countries in sharing developmental experience is mainly routed through Indian Technical & Economic Cooperation (ITEC) under which forty scholarships are granted every year in various courses.
India has offered credit facilities to Guyana for use in mutually accepted designated fields, agriculture and information technology, being two of these. Indian companies have also expressed interest in bio fuel, energy, minerals and pharmaceuticals.
About Guyana:
Capital: Georgetown.
Currency: Guyanese dollar.
President: Donald Ramotar.
Prime Minister: Sam Hinds.

January 9

US House Passes Bill Approving Keystone XL Pipeline.
House of Representatives of the United States passed a legislation that approves construction of a controversial Keystone XL oil pipeline. The bill was passed by 153 votes in the 266-member House of Representatives. Now the bill will go to the Senate for approval.
The lower house of the US took the decision after Nebraska Supreme Court in its ruling removed a major obstacle that delayed project till now.
The obstacle was over the issue of constitutionality of Governor’s decision to bypass regulatory procedures and approve the pipeline route himself. In 2012, former governor of Nebraska, Dave Heineman had granted TransCanada Corp a pipeline route to cross the State.
In its decision, four judges of the Nebraska court said that the Governors’ decision was unconstitutional but state law required five judges to reach that conclusion. As a result, the deadlock over the issue in the court amounted to ruling in the company's favour.
With the court decision in the favour of the pipeline, it is now supposed that US President Barack Obama will have to sign the controversial bill who so far had refused to sign the bill on the grounds that the case was pending in Nebraska court.
About: Keystone XL oil Pipeline
Country: Canada/ United States.
TYPE: Crude oil.
Owner: TransCanada.
The 2000-kilometer Keystone XL oil pipeline would carry 830000 barrels of oil per day from the oil sands of western Canada to the ports and refineries of the Gulf Coast of Mexico.
The pipeline will be built by TransCanada Corp. which had submitted its permit application in 2008 to the State Department, which has jurisdiction over Cross-Border Pipelines.

January 10

John Kerry heads for India to attend Vibrant Gujarat Summit.
US Secretary of State John Kerry headed for India to attend the Vibrant Gujarat Summit during which he will address investors to boost economic ties and meet Prime Minister Narendra Modi to discuss a broad range of bilateral and global issues, including climate change.
The three-day Vibrant Gujarat Summit will begin in Ahmadabad.
Mr. Kerry is accompanied by a delegation of about 80, including several businessmen who will attend the Global CEO Conclave, that PM Modi and U.N. Secretary General Ban ki-moon will address.
About: Vibrant Gujarat Summit
Vibrant Gujarat is the name given to a biennial investors' summit held by the Government of Gujarat in Gujarat, India.
The event is aimed at bringing together business leaders, investors, corporations, thought leaders, policy and opinion makers; the summit is advertised as a platform to understand and explore business opportunities in the State of Gujarat.

January 11

H5N8 strain of bird flu found in Taiwan.
The discovery of the highly pathogenic H5N2 strain of the bird flu virus at a chicken farm in the southern Taiwanese county of Pingtung.
Agriculture council chief, Chen Bao-ji explained this was the first time that the H5N8 strain has been detected in Taiwan, adding that it was suspected to have been spread by migratory birds.
Avian influenza, known informally as avian flu or bird flu, refers to influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds.
It has caused a global concern because of its possible transmission to humans and the threat of a pandemic if it mutates to a form that can be easily passed from birds to humans and then, from human to human.
Paris march against terror is the largest in French history.
About 10 million people, the leaders of 40 countries participated in the rally have marched through Paris in a show of defiance and unity in the wake of three days of terror that left 17 people dead.
French President Francois holande, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin netanyahu, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, British Prime Minister David Cameron and others participated in the rally.

January 12

Australia Launches Online Visa Pilot Programme for Indians.
Australia's Trade and Investment Minister Andrew Robb announced that a new pilot program for online lodgement of sub-class 600 visas for Indian business and tourism visitors will be rolled out through selected travel agents in India.
As per the Tourism 2020 programme of Australian Government, India has the potential to contribute between 1.9 billion US dollars and 2.3 billion US dollars annually to tourism Industry by 2020.
This is the reason that the Australian Government has rolled out a trial of online visa applications to capitalize this rapidly growing visitor market and create jobs.

January 13

First Border Haat of Tripura opened at Srinagar-Feni border.
The first Border Haat (market) along Tripura-Bangladesh frontier was opened. This haat is located at Srinagar (Tripura, India) - Purba Madhugram (Feni, Bangladesh).
It was inaugurated by Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Commerce and Industry Nirmala Sitharaman and her Bangladeshi counterpart Tofaile Ahmed by opening the plaque of the border haat.
This is the third border haat on India-Bangladesh Border. The other two cross border haats with Bangladesh are located on the Meghalaya - Bangladesh border at Kalaichar (India) - Baliamari (Bangladesh) and Balat (India) - Dolora (Bangladesh).
Construction of the fourth Border Haat at Kamlasagar (Tripura) – Tarapur Kashba (Brahmanbaria District) is in progress.
Each trader is restricted to transactions worth US $100 per day, no local tax would be imposed and both currencies would prevail.

January 14

Japan approved largest-ever defence budget to strengthen country's military.
The Cabinet of Japan headed by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe approved its largest ever defence budget for 2015. The defence budget includes plan to buy surveillance aircraft, drones and F-35 fighter jets to help counter rising assertiveness of China.
The main aim of increasing the defence spending is to boost capacity of Japan to defend uninhabited islands in the East China Sea where Japan controls it and China also has been claiming the island.
About: Japan’s defence budget
Japan’s Defence minister: Gen Nakatan.
Japan endorsed 4.98 trillion yen(42 billion US dollars) defence budget.
The defence budget is designed to achieve seamless and mobile defence capability that can respond to various contingencies.
The increase of defence budget mainly includes new equipment, including P-1 surveillance aircraft, F-35 fighter jets and amphibious vehicles for a new unit similar to the US Marine Corps.
The budget also covers the cost of purchasing parts of Global Hawk drones, planned for deployment in 2019, two Aegis radar-equipped destroyers and missile defence system development with the US.

January 15

China to launch construction of five new nuclear reactors with total capacity of 5 Giga watts in 2015.
China will launch the construction of at least five new nuclear reactors with a total capacity of more than five giga watts in 2015 The decision was announced by the Deputy Secretary General of Nuclear Society of China, Shen Lixin.
At Present, China has 22 nuclear reactors in operation and 26 under construction. China launched the construction of five nuclear reactors in 2014 and had planned to keep up the pace of construction of nuclear reactors in 2015.
According to the World Nuclear Association, four new reactors started operating in Fujian, Liaoning and Guangdong provinces of China in 2014.
China allocated 13 billion US dollars to improve safety at nuclear reactors of China and also to decrease severe air pollution caused by coal fired plants.
Pakistan plans to ban 12 terror groups including Hafiz Saeed's JuD, Haqqani network.
Pakistan plans to ban 12 terror outfits, including 26/11 mastermind Hafiz Saeed-led Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) and the dreaded Afghan-based Haqqani Network, a move seen by experts as a "paradigm shift" in the country's security policy in the wake of the Peshawar school massacre.
About: Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD)
India, as well as the US, have long considered JuD as a front for the Lashkar-e-Taiba terror outfit involved in the 2008 terror attacks in Mumbai that left 166 people dead.
The Haqqani network
The Haqqani network, founded by Jalaluddin Haqqani, has been blamed for the Indian embassy bombing in Kabul in 2008 that left 58 people dead, a 2011 attack on the US embassy in Kabul, and several big truck bombing attempts in Afghanistan.

January 16

Japan committed 2620 crore rupees Overseas Development Assistance loan to India.
Japan committed to provide an Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) loan of 2620 crore rupees (50 billion Yen) to India.
Japan committed Rs. 2,620 crore development loan assistance to India for PPP (public-private partnership) infrastructure financing project of IIFCL (India Infrastructure Finance Company).
The commitment to provide the ODA loan was part of pledge made by Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe during the Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s five-day visit to Japan.
The US and UK announced cooperative measures in combating cyber threats.
The US President Barack Obama and UK Prime Minister David Cameron announced cooperative measures in combating cyber threats. Both the countries announced the measures during the bilateral summit between the two countries held in Washington DC, US.
The measures include better threat information sharing and the creation of a new joint cyber task force.
The measure on better threat information sharing will bring together Internet security experts from the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) and Security Service MI5 of the UK and the National Security Agency (NSA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the US.
The US and UK also agreed that the cyber threat was one of the most serious economic and national security challenges for both the countries and required cooperation between governments and the private sector.
Both the countries also agreed on encryption of online service by private companies to maintain people privacy and help track down terrorists. They also recognised that the international nature of cyber threats requires that governments around the world work together to confront the cyber threats.

January 17

U.S. think tank flags readiness of Pak nuclear weapons.
Evidence has emerged suggesting that Pakistan may have accelerated its covert nuclear weapons development programme and rendered operational a nuclear reactor structure located near a heavy water reactor, in a complex that is likely geared toward the production of plutonium.
High-resolution satellite imagery shows that external construction of the Khushab complex’s fourth reactor is complete and it has ''become operational''.
If, as the evidence suggests, Pakistan is accelerating its nuclear weapons programme, it may heighten tensions with New Delhi, where the subject is likely to come up when Prime Minister Narendra Modi meets U.S. President Barack Obama during Republic Day celebrations.

January 18

Haiti president announced formation of new government under Prime Minister Evans Paul.
Haitian President Michel Martelly announced the formation of new government that will be led by newly elected Prime Minister Evans Paul.
Martelly appointed 18 ministers and 16 secretaries of state to the new cabinet of Haiti. Carel Alexandre was appointed as the head of public security. The new planning minister is Yves Germain Joseph.
Despite promising a new government, Martelly kept several current cabinet members in their posts including the Ministers of Defence, Foreign Affairs, Health, Tourism, Education and Public Works and appointed his allies to the key positions of Planning Minister and Secretary of State for Public Security.

January 19

India to push for developing youth owned enterprises in South Africa.
National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) signed an agreement of cooperation with Black Business Council for developing youth-owned enterprises in South Africa.
The MoU was signed in the presence of Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises Minister Kalraj Mishra in South Africa.
The signing of MoU between the two organisations is meant to strengthen commitment to cooperate with South Africa in developing MSMEs in the country thus, be partner in economic transformation of South Africa.
Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises will play an important role in realising Prime Minister Narendra Modi's vision of Make in India and to make India a manufacturing hub with zero defect products and zero effect on environment policy.

EU to appeal against Hamas removal from terror list.
The European Union (EU) decided to appeal a decision by the European Court of Justice(ECJ) to remove Hamas from its official terrorist organization blacklist. EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini decided to appeal in a meeting with other foreign ministers from the 28 EU-member states.
ECJ announced its decision in December 2014. It came in for sharp criticism for removing Hamas from the list, with both the US and Canada condemning the move and urging Hamas to be put back on the terrorist list.
Hamas was added to the terror list in 2003 following a push by Israel and the US to have the radical Islamist terror group - whose charter pledges to destroy Israel and calls for a genocide against the Jewish people - recognized as such in Europe.
About European Court of Justice:
Established: 1952.
Location: Luxembourg.
President: Vassillios Skouris.

January 20

Germany eager to join ‘Make in India’ initiative.
Germany views Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s ‘Make in India’ initiative as a big opportunity for its industrial firms, visiting German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble’.
Dr. Schäuble expressed interest in working with India in the manufacturing sector, especially in the auto and solar energy industries, at a meeting with business lobby Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).
''Manufacturing was the focus of the talks with the German Finance Minister. He did not raise any apprehensions at all about the ‘Make in India’ or India’s solar mission. He did not raise any sort of tariff or non-tariff barriers at all'', CII president Ajay Shriram said, briefing reporters after a meeting of Indian industry leaders with Dr. Schäuble.
The German minister is scheduled to hold talks with Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley.

EU lifts ban on Indian mangoes.
The seven-month ban on Indian mangoes, imposed last year by the European Union, has been lifted well in advance of the deadline set for the ban, which was originally till December 2015.
This came after an audit by the EU last September showed ''significant improvements in the phytosanitary export certification system'', says an EC release. Shipments of mangoes from India, including the premium Alphonso mangoes, had been stopped last year after inspections found some consignments infested with fruit flies.

January 21

Japanese automaker Toyota tops in global vehicle sales.
Japanese automaker Toyota Motor Corp. has topped in global vehicle sales in 2014 by selling 10.23 million vehicles, beating Volkswagen and General Motors.
While, Germen automaker Volkswagen AG is second in global vehicle sales list and has sold 10.14 million vehicles in 2014.
Detroit-based General Motors (GM) is third in the list and has sold at 9.92 million vehicles.
Some facts
In 2014, Toyota’s sales grew 6 per cent in the U.S, 13 per cent in China, and 10 per cent in Brazil compared to year 2013.
But in 2011, company had suffered a setback in top position rank, when its production was hit by the earthquake and tsunami in northeastern Japan but it made a comeback as No.1 in 2012.
It should be noted that, GM was top-selling automaker for more than seven decades. But in 2008, it was surpassed by Toyota.

January 22

Pakistan bans JuD, Haqqani network.
Pakistan has banned the Jamaat-ud Dawa (JuD) and the Haqqani network.
The Pakistani government took action against the militant organisations without making a distinction between the good Taliban and the bad Taliban after the attack on the Army Public School in Peshawar December 16 by Tehreek-i-Taliban Pakistan.
Apart from Haqqani network and JuD, the Ministry has also banned Harkat-ul-Jihad Islami, Harkat-ul-Mujahideen, Falah-i-Insaniat Foundation, Ummah Tameer-i-Nau, Haji Khairullah Hajji Sattar Money Exchange, Rahat Limited, Roshan Money Exchange, Al Akhtar Trust, Al Rashid Trust.

January 23

South Korean president nominates new prime minister.
South Korean President Park Geun-hye has nominated ruling party lawmaker Lee Wan Koo to replace Prime Minister Chung Hong-won.
Chung offered to resign nearly 10 months before, over a ferry disaster that killed more than 300 people in April last year. 
Park decided to retain Chung in June after two possible replacements for the job abandoned their nominations because of questions over past behavior. 

January 24

Saudi Arabia's new King Salman.
After the Death of King Abdullah, Saudi Arabia quickly announced that one of his younger brothers, Crown Prince Salman, was succeeding him.
The man taking control of the world's top oil exporter is well established in the Gulf kingdom's corridors of power.
He has served as defense minister and deputy prime minister of Saudi Arabia, a vital U.S. ally in the Middle East, for years. Like Abdullah, he's one of the dozens of sons of Saudi Arabia's founder, King Abdulazizs.

January 25

India, US take civilian nuclear deal forward.
India and the US issued a Joint Strategic Vision for the Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean regions.
Joint Strategic Vision aimed to promote peace, prosperity and stability in Asia-Pacific and Indian Ocean region.
To achieve this regional vision, both sides will develop a roadmap that leverages their respective efforts to increase ties among Asian powers, it will enable both nations to better respond to diplomatic, economic and security challenges in the region.

January 26

Syriza Win in Greek Election Sets Up New Europe Clash.
The anti-austerity party, Syriza, won the general election in Greece. It is just two seats short of an absolute majority, and its leader, Alexis Tsipras, will be the country’s next prime minister.
The party’s pledge is to renegotiate the terms of Greece’s dramatic international bailout, which has inflicted years of difficult austerity on the country. Tsipras has vowed to end, “five years of humiliation and pain”.
Syriza’s win, joyously celebrated by supporters in Greece and other left-wing, anti-austerity parties throughout Europe – Including the UK’s Greens has caused concern among others about Greece’s future in the eurozone and the prospect of Grexit.
David Cameron has Voiced a Warning   following the result, saying it will, “increase economic uncertainty across Europe”.
About Syriza:
Coalition of the Radical Left known colloquially by its acronym SYRIZA.
Established: 2004.
Slogan: We open a way to hope.
Headquarters: Athens, Greece.
Leader: Alexis Tsipras.

January 27

First female Church of England bishop consecrated in York.
Bishop Libby Lane,48, was ordained as the new Bishop of Stockport in the diocese of Chester during a service at York Minster conducted by the Archbishop of York.
Church of England ended its 500 year old male dominated tradition and considered as a historic move towards widening female participation in the Church.
In this regard General Synod- the law-making body of the Church of England had given nod to this legislation in November 2014 which was passed by UK Parliament in October 2014.
About Bishop Libby Lane:
Birth name: Elizabeth Jane Holden.
Born: 1966.
Church: Church of England.
Province: York.
Diocese: Chester.

January 28

Alstom’s Delhi Metro corruption trial to begin in May 2016.
The corruption trial involving the UK arm of French engineering firm Alstom SA and two of its former executives accused of bribing Delhi Metro officials will begin in May 2016.
Alstom Network UK, Robert Hallett and Graham Hill are faced with charges of corrupt payments to officials in India, Poland and Tunisia to acquire transport contracts.
The UK’s Serious Fraud Office (SFO) had sought to join all three cases at a preliminary hearing at Southwark Crown Court in London.
About Alstom:
Formerly called: Alsthom, GEC-Alstom.
Industry: Power generation and transmission, rail transportation.
Established: 1928.
Headquarters: West of Paris, France.
Chairman and Ceo: Patrick Kron.

January 29

Malaysia declares MH370 flight disappearance an accident.
The Malaysian government officially declared the disappearance of Malaysian Airline flight MH370 an accident and said that there were no survivors.
The declaration was made by the Director General of Department of Civil Aviation (DCA) Azharuddin Abdul Rahman in accordance with standards of annexes 12 and 13 of the International Civil Aviation.
With this announcement, the way for the airline to pay compensation to victims relatives was cleared. But the search for the plane will continue.
The Beijing-bound Boeing 777 aircraft carrying 239 passengers and crew on board disappeared en route from Kuala Lumpur on 8 March 2014. Since disappearance, neither the plane nor its whereabouts were found despite a massive international search in the southern Indian Ocean.

January 30

Abortion rate doubles in 10 years in Pakistan.
Pakistan recorded 2.25 million abortion cases in 2012, with the rate of annual abortions doubling in 10 years due to minimal use of contraception in its conservative society.
Induced Abortions and Unintended Pregnancies in Pakistan was carried out by Population Council in collaboration with Guttmacher Institute in US.
There were 50 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-49 in 2012 as compared to 27 in 2002.
6,23,000 women were treated for complications resulting from induced abortions in 2012.

January 31

New China-Myanmar oil pipeline by passes Malacca trap.
China has taken a step to beef up its energy security by inaugurating a pipeline that will bring crude oil from a deepwater port in Myanmar, along a transit route that will bypass the strategic Malacca Straits.
The first tanker that will offload 300,000 tons of oil is expected to arrive at Maday Island a deep water port developed by China in the Bay of Bengal. From there, oil, mostly brought from West Asia and Africa, will be pumped into a 2402 kilometre long pipeline that will stretch for 771 kilometres in Myanmar and another 1631 kilometres in China.
A gas pipeline, next to the Maday Island terminal, already runs from Myanmar’s port of Kyaukpyu. China also finalised plans to establish a rail corridor from Kyaukpyu to its Yunnan province.
The strategic oil pipeline will service China’s two major growth centres — Kunming and Chongqing, an industrial hub along the Yangtze River delta. Both cities are pivotal in the development of China’s Silk Road Economic Belt the 21st century Maritime Silk Road.