international - 2019 May

May 31

Mount Agung, a volcano on the Indonesian island of Bali erupted and spewed a plume of ash and smoke more than 2,000 metres into the sky. Indonesia is situated on the Pacific "Ring of Fire", where the collision of tectonic plates causes frequent quakes and major volcanic activity. It has been erupting periodically since it came back to life in 2017, sometimes grounding flights and forcing residents to flee homes.

May 30

The World Health Organization (WHO) has for the first time recognised “burn-out” in its International Classification of Diseases (ICD). The decision was taken during the World Health Assembly (WHA) in Geneva. Burn-out refers predominantly to phenomena in occupational context and should not be applied to describe an individual’s experience in other areas of life. It is a syndrome which is characterised by three factors as feeling energy exhaustion, increased mental distance from one’s job, or feelings of negativism related to one’s job and reduced professional efficacy.

May 29

Scott Morrison has been sworn in as Australia's Prime Minister, 11 days after retaining the position in the country's general election. He was sworn in by Queen Elizabeth's official representative in Australia, Governor-General Sir Peter Cosgrove, at a ceremony in the capital, Canberra. Deputy Prime Minister Michael McCormack was also sworn in. 
The United States and the United Arab Emirates have announced that mutual defense cooperation agreement (DCA) has come into force, amid increasing tensions between Washington and Tehran.
Nepal is celebrating its 12th Republic Day. It is a special day in the history of Nepal.  Nepal was proclaimed a republic on May 28, 2008 after a prolonged civil war. This put an end to the 240-year-old monarchy. The country commemorates the inception of the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal on May 29, 2008. The establishment of the republic put an end to civil strike that lasted for years.

May 26

US President Donald Trump got the red carpet welcome at Japan's Imperial Palace where he made history. He became the first world leader to meet with the new emperor of Japan.

May 25

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of United States (US) have unveiled the calendar for its forthcoming “Artemis” program. The mission will return astronauts to Moon for first time in past 50 years, including eight scheduled launches and a mini-station in lunar orbit by 2024.
WHO seeks to achieve 50% reduction in mortality and disability caused by snakebite envenoming by 2030. Increasing the number of manufacturers by 25% and significantly boost production of quality antivenoms.

May 23

The U.S. filed new charges against Wikileaks founder Julian Assange, accusing him of violating the Espionage Act. Assange by publishing secret documents containing the names of confidential military and diplomatic sources has violated the Espionage Act. The Justice Department’s 18-count superseding indictment alleges that Mr. Assange directed former Army intelligence analyst Chelsea Manning in one of the largest compromises of classified information in U.S. history.
The United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) passed a non-binding resolution asking United Kingdom (UK) to return Chagos Archipelago in Indian Ocean to Mauritius. On February 2019 International Court of Justice (ICJ) issued an advisory opinion on the legal consequences of separation of Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965 when latter was a British colony. It also ruled the UK’s decolonisation of the Indian Ocean islands was unlawful. This advisory opinion was endorsed by UNGA.
China has delivered the first overhauled multi-role JF-17 Thunder fighter jet the Pakistan Air Force (PAF). The delivery was part of a project undertaken by two nations more than a decade ago for development and manufacture of the aircraft. In recent years JF-17 has become a mainstay of PAF when after US has restricted its sales of F-16 war planes post 1990 arms embargo imposed on Pakistan under Pressler Amendment.

May 22

South African lawmakers have re-elected Cyril Ramaphosa as the president of the country. Members of Parliament from the African National Congress have chosen the head of state in the parliament's first post-election sitting. The party won 230 out of 400 seats in the election on May 8. It is thinnest majority since the end of apartheid.
The “Golden Card” programme was unveiled by UAE Prime Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al-Maktoum who is also Dubai’s ruler. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) launched ‘Golden Card’ Permanent Residency Scheme in an attempt to woo wealthy individuals and exceptional talents from all over the world. 
The United State recently approved Anti-Ballistic Missile sales to South Korea and Japan. The sale is worth more than $600 million and comes in backdrop of mounting tensions with North Korea.

May 21

Joko Widodo
Indonesia's Joko Widodo has been re-elected as President of the country. The elections commission said Widodo and his vice-presidential running mate Ma'ruf Amin won the election by a 55.5 percent to 44.5 percent margin over his rival Prabowo Subianto and Sandiaga Uno.

May 20

Ukraine new President
In Ukraine, Volodymyr Zelensky took oath as country's new President, announcing snap parliamentary elections at the same ceremony.  The 41-year-old announced dissolution of the parliament which is seen as a strategic move to bring the October parliamentary elections forward to boost his party's chances of winning.

May 19

Prime Minister Scott Morrison's Liberal-National Coalition in Australia won the federal elections; the Coalition is ahead in 74 seats in its quest for a 76-seat majority, with Labor on just 66 seats. Opposition Labor Party leader Bill Shorten has announced that he is resigning after accepting defeat. 

US President Donald Trump ordered a tariff hike on almost all imports from China. The latest round of talks to end the trade war between the world's two largest economies, concluded without a deal.

May 14

Environmental emergency in Mexico
Mexico City has declared an environmental emergency, like ordering vehicles off the road and postponing the semi-finals of the first-division football league as a blanket of smog enveloped the sprawling capital. Pollution levels passed the critical 150 points on the authorities' air quality index.

May 12

Republic of Ireland is the second country in the world to declare a climate emergency. On 1 May 2019, Britain’s parliament became the first in world to declare a climate change.

May 9

Group Sail
Starting from 3rd May and ending on 9th May, two Indian Navy ships INS Kolkata and INS Shakti carried out a six day long ‘Group Sail’ with naval ships of the USA, Japan and Philippines in South China Sea (SCS).
It was aimed at deepening existing partnership and fostering mutual understanding among participating country’s navies.
Participants are from four countries namely, US, India, Japan and Philippines. .

May 8

US - Iran issue
US President Donald Trump has imposed sanctions on Iran's iron, steel, aluminum and copper sectors. The move is aimed at stopping Tehran from acquiring a nuclear weapon and intercontinental ballistic missiles. Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani has announced that it will partially withdraw from some of the commitments made under the 2015 International Nuclear Deal. The announcement came after the US unilaterally decided last year to pull out of this commitment completely. The United States has also announced to cancel waivers to countries, including India, who have been purchasing oil from Iran.

President Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the JCPOA. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is a detailed, China France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States) on July 14, 2015. The nuclear deal was endorsed by UN Security Council Resolution 2231, adopted on July 20, 2015. Iran’s compliance with the nuclear-related provisions of the JCPOA will be verified by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) according to certain requirements set forth in the agreement.

May 7

Arctic Council ministerial meeting
11th Arctic Council ministerial meeting held at Rovaniemi in Finland, India was re-elected as an observer to intergovernmental forum Arctic Council. The Arctic Council is a high-level intergovernmental forum that addresses issues faced by the Arctic governments and the indigenous people of the Arctic. It was established in 1996 by Ottawa Declaration. Russia, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Denmark (representing Greenland and Faroe Islands), Canada and United States.

May 6

Reuters journalists released
Two Reuters journalists Wa Lone (33), Kyaw Soe Oo (29) released from Myanmar jail. They had been convicted under the Official Secrets Act for reporting on the Rohingya crisis and sentenced to seven years. They released after a presidential amnesty. They spent more than 500 days in prison on the outskirts of Yangon. Their jailing was seen as an assault on press freedom and raised questions about Myanmar's democracy.

Panama’s presidential election
Panama’s Electoral Court declared the centre-left candidate Laurentino Cortizo as winner of Presidential election. Laurentino Cortizo is a 66-year-old cattleman who was educated in the US. His party Panama's Democratic Revolutionary Party (PRD) won 33% of 95% votes counted. Cortizo has earlier served as country's minister of agriculture. Panama is a Central America country. 

May 5

New government in Mali
In Mali, President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita on Sunday announced the new executive of 37 members under Prime Minister Boubou Cisse. He was appointed on April 22 to oversee the formation of a broad-based government after his predecessor resigned last week.

King Maha Vajiralongkorn
Thailand King was officially crowned as new King Maha Vajiralongkorn with ‘Great Crown of Victory’. A symbolic nine-tiered umbrella was given to him conferring him as ‘King Rama X of Thailand’. This coronation ceremony marks first ascension of a new Monarch. He became crown prince and official heir to throne in 1972. He has been on throne since 2016, but according to Thai tradition he cannot be considered a divine representative on Earth nor main patron of Buddhism until he is consecrated or declared sacred. The three day coronation ceremony began in Bangkok on 4 May 2019 to consecrate him. 

May 3

President Vladimir Putin signed new law, a sovereign internet bill which will allow Russian authorities to isolate the country's internet.
This move is decried by rights groups but Russian lawmakers insist the new law is necessary to ensure the security of Russia's online networks. But critics are of the opinion that the vaguely worded bill will give new censorship powers to government. Text version of the law was published by the government and it will not come into force in November.


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