international - 2018 OCTOBER

October 2

IBSAMAR VI: India, Brazil & SA Navies train to build interoperability
With the aim to build interoperability and mutual understanding as well as sharing of best practices, the 6th edition of IBSAMAR, a joint Multi – National Maritime Exercise between the Indian, Brazilian and South African Navies, is being held at Simons Town, South Africa from October 1-13.
The exercise includes both harbour and sea phases with various navigation and seamanship evolutions, surface weapons firing, force protection exercises, antipiracy exercise, anti-air and anti-submarine exercise as well as flying operations. Apart from professional activities, sports and social engagements are also planned.

October 3

India launches ‘Operation Samudra Maitri’ to aid Indonesia
India has launched a massive operation to provide assistance to the earthquake and tsunami victims in Indonesia, dispatching two aircrafts and three naval ships carrying relief material to the country.
‘Operation Samudra Maitri’ for humanitarian assistance was launched after a telephonic conversation between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Indonesian President Joko Widodo, and following Indonesia’s acceptance of international aid.
Two Indian Air Force aircrafts - C-130J and C-17 - departed with medical personnel and relief material. The C-130J aircraft is carrying a medical team along with tents and equipment to set up a field hospital. The C-17 aircraft is carrying medicines, generators, tents and water to provide immediate assistance.
Three Indian Naval Ships - INS Tir, INS Sujatha and INS Shardul - have also been mobilized to carry out humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR). These ships are likely to reach the Central Sulawesi province of Indonesia.

October 4

India, Kazakhstan agree to ramp up military ties
India and Kazakhstan agreed to step up military cooperation, especially in the areas of defence production as Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman met her counterpart Nurlan Yermekbayev during her three-day visit to the central Asian country.
During her Kazakhstan visit, which commenced on October 2, Sitharaman also met Minister of Defence and Aerospace Industry Beibut Atamkulov.
They discussed a wide range of issues relating to defence and military technical cooperation and took stock of the progress of the bilateral relationship, especially in the defence sector.
The two countries had renewed the Memorandum of Cooperation on defence. Both countries are 'strategic partners' since 2009.

Vladimir Putin arrives in India today for 2-day visit
Russian President Vladimir Putin will be on a two-day visit to hold the annual India-Russia summit with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, with a focus on further boosting bilateral ties and deliberate on a range regional and global issues including US sanctions on the import of Iranian crude oil.

October 5

India and Kazakhstan agree to boost Defence and Military Technical Cooperation.
RakshaMantriSmtNirmalaSitharaman was on a three-day visit to Astana, Kazakhstan.
India and Kazakhstan Defence Cooperation includes military-technical cooperation, military education and training, joint military exercises, bilateral exchange of visits and cadet youth exchange programs.
Over 200 Kazakh Defence Forces Personnel have undergone military training in India till date.
Both countries successfully conducted a company level joint military exercise ‘KAZIND-2018’in South Kazakhstan recently.

October 6

South Korea jails former president Lee for 15 years on corruption charges
Lee Myung-bak faced charges that he accepted around $10 million in illegal funds from institutions like Samsung and his own intelligence service, fuelling ongoing concerns over the cozy ties between government and business leaders.

October 7

President Kovind on a 3-day visit to Tajikistan.
During his visit, he will meet his Tajik counterpart EmamoliRahmon, Speaker of Parliament ShukurjonZuhurov, and Speaker of the Lower House (MajlisiNamoyandagon) of Parliament and the Tajik Prime Minister QohirRasulzoda.
Kovind will also visit the Tajik National University where he will deliver an address on 'Countering Radicalization: Challenges in Modern Societies'.
TajikistanCapital: Dushanbe Currency: Tajikistani somoni
Official languages: Tajiki.

October 8

CII and UN Environment sign MoU
The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and the UN Environmenthas signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development.
The Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)  signed an MoU with the UN Environment for coherent implementation of the environmental dimension of sustainable development.  
 It aims to provide a framework of cooperation and facilitate cooperation in areas including environment, climate change, renewable energy, energy efficiency, resource conservation and management, water sanitation, smart cities and urban infrastructure.

October 9

India signs key agreements with Tajikistan.
Indian grant of 20 million US dollars was announced for Tajikistan to finance development projects.
Agreements were signed in political relations, strategic research, agriculture, renewable energy, traditional medicine, space technology, youth affairs, culture and disaster management relations between India and Tajikistan.
Tajikistan Capital: Dushanbe, Currencies: Tajikistani somoni, Ruble.

Minister of State for Commerce attends India–West Africa conclave in Nigeria.
Minister of State for Commerce & Industry, Consumer Affairs and Food & Public Distribution, C.R. Chaudhary attended the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)- EXIM Bank, Regional Conclave on India-West Africa Project Partnership being held in Abuja, Nigeria.
The Conclave is a two-day event with the focus on business deliberations, Business to Government (B2G) and Business to Business (B2B) engagements.
They discussed issues of climate change, electric mobility, renewable energy, tourism, infrastructure development and HR building capacity.

October 10

UNICEF NASSCOM sign MoU to strengthen child rights.
The two organisations will work collaboratively on two key areas including national sensitisation on 'child online protection' and 'encouraging innovations for child rights' in the country.
Cyber offences against children are spreading and diversifying across India as new methods are used to harass, abuse and exploit children.

October 11

Nirmala Sitharaman leaves for France on 3-day visit.
Sitharaman will hold wide-ranging talks with her French counterpart Florence Parly on ways to deepen strategic cooperation between the two countries and the two sides will also deliberate on major regional and global issues of mutual interests. 
A three-day visit which comes amid a massive controversy over the procurement of 36 Rafale jets from French aerospace company Dassault Aviation under a Rs 58,000 crore deal. 

October 12

President Ram NathKovind commenced his 3-day visit to Tajikistan.
He held talks with: Tajik president EmamoliRahmon, Tajik Prime Minister KohirRasulzada, Speaker of Parliament ShukurjonZuhurov, and Speaker of the Lower House (MajlisiNamoyandagon) of Parliament.
He visited the Tajik National University.
He paid his respects to Mahatma Gandhi, Rabindranath Tagore and Ismail Somani Memorialat their memorials in Dushanbe.
He praised the work of Tajikistan’s Indologists and re-called on the Padma Shri conferred on Indologist, Prof. HabibulloRajabov for his contribution in education and literature.
Both the countries signed the following 9 MOUs - Political relations, Strategic research, Agriculture, Renewable energy, Traditional medicine, Space technology, Youth affairs, Disaster Management, Culture.
The President of India announced allocation of a grant of USD 20 Million to Tajikistan for implementation of development projects of Tajikistan.
They called for early adoption of the “Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism” by the United Nations General Assembly.

President Ram NathKovind delivered lecture at Tajik University.
On the theme of ‘Countering Radicalisation: Challenges in Modern Societies’ at the University of Tajikistan in Dushanbe.
He acknowledgedTajikistan’s efforts against terrorism andemphasised on the internal battle against terrorism, extremism and radicalism that must be fought, primarily, in the minds of people and society at large.
Also emphasized on the positive role that a family plays against terrorism and hence the family-based social structure is a guarantee against extremist ideas.

October 13

Malaysian Government Abolishes Capital Punishment.
Malaysia’s new government has announced it will abolish the death penalty for all crimes and halt pending executions.
More than 1,200 people are on death row in Malaysia, which mandates hanging as punishment for a wide range of crimes including murder, drug trafficking, treason, kidnapping and acts of terror.
The Cabinet had agreed to abolish the death penalty and amendments to laws with capital punishment were expected to be presented when Parliament resumes.

India elected to Human Rights Council at UN with highest number of votes.
India has won the seat to Human Rights Council at United Nations with the highest votes among all candidates receiving 188 votes.
Elections were held by secret ballot in the 193-member General Assembly.
This is the fifth time India has been elected to the Geneva-based Council, the main body of the UN charged with promoting and monitoring human rights.

October 15

India, China launch joint programme to train Afghan diplomats.
This will be a first such project in the war-torn country where China while trying to expand its influence has tacitly backed Pakistan, which has been accused by Afghanistan and the US of backing the Taliban and its most violent attacks in the country destabilising any attempts to restore peace.

India and Sri Lanka sign two MoU for construstion of 1200 houses.
With this, India's collaboration with Srilankan government under Model Villages Housing Program stands at 2400 houses in 100 model villages.
The project will target low income landless and homeless beneficiaries. A cash grant of 5 lakh Sri Lankan rupees will be provided to each beneficiary in installments, linked to the stages of construction of the house.

World Bank offers disaster-hit Indonesia $1 billion in loans.
The World Bank announced funding of up to $1 billion to the Government of Indonesia for relief and reconstruction efforts in the disaster-affected areas of Lombok and Sulawesi.
Cash transfers to the poorest 150,000 affected families for a period between 6 months to one year.
Finance rebuilding of critical public facilities and infrastructure assets: hospitals, schools, bridges, roads, highways, water supply infrastructure.

October 16

Highlights of Smt. NirmalaSitharaman’s visit to France.
This is her maiden official visit to France.
She participated in the 1st India - France Ministerial level annual defence dialogue in Paris.
To expand the scope and complexity of the regular joint exercises (SHAKTI, VARUNAand GARUDA) in the future.
Agreed on continuing implementation of the ''Joint Strategic Vision of India-France Cooperation in the Indian Ocean Region''.
She visited a production facility of French aerospace major Dassault Aviation in Argenteuil, near Paris, which manufactures the Rafale jets of India.
She addressed   the Institute of Strategic Research (IRSEM) on the  theme of ‘India-France Defence Engagement in a Multipolar World’.
The L’Institut de recherchestratégique de l’ÉcoleMilitaire (IRSEM)[French Military College’s Institute for Strategic Research], is a well-known think-tank for military and strategic affairs based in Paris.

October 17

Canada Becomes 2nd Country To Legalize Recreational Cannabis.
Canada has become the second country after Uruguay to legalise possession and use of recreational cannabis.
Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae cultivated for drug and non-drug usage.
Medical marijuana has been legal in the country since 2001.
Canadians can now grow up to four plants in their own home and carry up to 30 grams of dried cannabis for personal use.

October 19

Fulpati, the seventh day of 10-day long Dashain festival celebrated in Nepal
In Nepalese, “Phool” means flower and “Pati” means leaves and plants.
It is observed on the seventh day of Dashain festival, is the biggest festival of Nepal.
The tradition in Nepal is to bring nine types of Fulpati into the home on the seventh day of Navaratri.
The main function was held at Basantpur Durbar Square in Kathmandu, where Fulpati was brought to Dashainghar from Jamal in a traditional procession with Vedic rituals.

October 20

DrukNyamrupTshogpa to form new govt in Bhutan.
This is the first time in Bhutan’s decade old parliamentary democracythat a new party has been chosen to form the government.
In last two elections the Bhutanese electorates had stuck with the two old parties DPT and People's Democratic Party (PDP).

Yemeni President AbdRabbo Mansour Hadi swore in Maeen Abdul MalekSaeed as the country’s new prime minister.
It comes three days after Hadi sacked Ahmad Bin Dagher from the post over failure to handle the war-wracked country’s economic deterioration and referred him to investigation.

October 21

Green climate fund approves $1 billion for projects in poor countries.
The Green Climate Fund that the meeting approved 19 new projects, including a program to protect freshwater resources in Bahrain.
Environmentalists had argued the Gulf nation should pay for the project itself using money it has made off its vast reserves of oil and gas.
The South Korea-based fund is considered a key vehicle for climate-related development programs.
It was set up by the 194 countries who are parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 2010.
The Green Climate Fund is headquartered in the Seoul Capital Area of the Republic of Korea.

Overview Of Vice President’s 5-Day Visit To Belgium To Attend 12th ASEM Summit in Brussels, Belgium.
This will be the first multi-lateral summit the Vice President will be attending after taking office in August 2017.
The theme of this years’ ASEM Summit is “Global Partners for Global Challenges”.
It was hosted by the European Union was chaired by the President of the European Council Donald TUSK.
As many as 51 Heads of States/ Heads of Government participated in the event.
The 12th ASEM Agenda for 2018 prioritized issues like:
Connectivity, trade and investment, sustainable development, climate change terrorism, migration, maritime security and cyberspace.
The Vice President also participated in the Plenary Session and was called on His Majesty, the King of the Belgians for bilateral meetings.
VP Naidu held bilateral meetings with the Heads of State/ Government from other countries.
He addressed the Indian Diaspora at the Jain Culture Centre in Wilrijk, Antwerp.
He paid respects and offered floral tribute at a sculpture of Mahatma Gandhi located in the Governorate at Antwerp.

October 22

NASSCOM signs MoU with Dubai Internet City, to expand Indian SMEs in MENA region
IT industry body National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM) has signed anMoU with Dubai Internet City (DIC), to help Indian SMEs to expand their operations in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region.
DIC is mandated to provide Indian technology startups and SMEs an opportunity to establish their presence in Dubai, by giving access to the largest technology community, providing them with a gateway and necessary support to grow in the UAE and the wider region.

October 23

Pakistan, Russia Begin Joint Anti-Terror Military Drills
Pakistan and Russia have begun annual joint military drills to boost counterterrorism cooperation to tackle the growing threat of Islamic State stemming from neighboring Afghanistan.
The "Druzhba-III" (Friendship-III) drills went into action at the National Counter-Terrorist Center in the mountain town of Pabbi, where the Pakistan army's commando unit, the Special Services Group, is headquartered.

October 24

India has awarded an additional USD $777 million deal to a leading Israeli defence firm for supplying Barak 8 LR-SAM Air and Missile Defence Systems to seven ships of the Indian Navy.
The Long-Range Surface-to-Air Missile (LR-SAM) system is an operational Air and Missile Defence (AMD) system used by Israel's navy as well as by India's navy, air and land forces.
The system integrates several advanced systems as digital radar, command and control, launchers, interceptors with modern radio frequency seekers, data link and system-wide connectivity.

October 25

India – Czech Joint Commission on Economic Cooperation held in Prague
The eleventh session of India – Czech Republic Joint Commission on Economic Cooperation (JCEC) was held at Prague.
The Indian delegation was led by Minister of State for Commerce & Industry, Consumer Affairs and Food & Public Distribution, C.R. Chaudhary.
They discussed issues like direct flight, long term study visa, strengthening of mutual Trade and investment relations.
Both sides welcomed the opening of the new Honorary Consulate of the Czech Republic in Bengaluru and expressed the hope that the process of the establishment of the Honorary Consulate of the Czech Republic in Chennai would be completed soon.
Czech Republic is developing a project named Czech Industrial Cluster (CIC) near Bengaluru, that will serve as a hub for Czech companies that wish to settle down in India.

October 26

EU Commission plans ban on plastic waste
The European Commission proposed new EU-wide rules aimed at reducing plastic pollution in cities and oceans by banning several plastic products.
The single-use plastic objects and fishing gear accounts for 70 percent of trash in the ocean and that the move towards "innovative alternatives" could create some 30,000 jobs.

Ethiopia Appoints Its First Female President
Sahle-Work Zewde, a seasoned diplomat who has held positions in the United Nations and worked in peacekeeping operations in Africa, accepted the position following the unprecedented appointments of women to lead the Defense Ministry and the secret intelligence agency, a long-feared state organ that recently got a face-lift.

October 27

Shri J.P. Nadda addresses 2nd International Conference on Primary Health Care towards UHC & SDGs at Astana, Kazakhstan
It is cohosted by the Government of Kazakhstan, World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF (United Nations Children’s Emergency Fund).
It aims to renew the commitment to primary health care to achieve universal health coverage and the Sustainable Development Goals.
J.P. Nadda, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare addressed the Second Plenary Session of the conference, on the theme ''The Future of Primary Health Care''.

October 28

Irish vote to scrap offence of blasphemy
Blasphemy is to be decriminalised in the Republic of Ireland after voters overwhelming supported a referendum to remove it as an offence in Irish law.
Blasphemy has been an offence for centuries but was not defined in Irish law until the Defamation Act of 2009.
The referendum took place on the same day as voters went to the polls to elect the Irish president, which saw Michael D Higgins returned for a second seven-year term.

October 29

13th India - Japan Summit Held in Tokyo.
The 13th Annual Summit between India and Japan was held in presence of PM Narendra Modi and his Japanese counterpart Shinzo Abe in Tokyo, Japan.
Issues of mutual interest, including forging ties in newer areas were discussed during the talks were discussed.
The areas include health, digital technologies, agriculture and food processing and disaster risk reduction.

India Donated 3 lakh Dollars For Peacekeeping Initiative At UN
India has donated three lakh Dollars for a peacekeeping initiative at the UN.
The UN Department of Field Support announced that the Indian government donated the amount for the ‘Pipeline to Peacekeeping Command Programme’ with a specific focus on issues of conduct and discipline over a period of three years.

EAM SushmaSwaraj In Qatar On 1st Leg of Her 2-Nation Visit
External Affairs Minister SushmaSwaraj reached Doha, Qatar on the first leg of her 2-nation visit to West Asia.
On the second leg of her visit, MsSwaraj will travel to Kuwait on where she will meet Emir of Kuwait Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah and other dignitaries.

October 30

Sirisena swears in 14 Ministers
Deposed Sri Lankan Prime MinisterRanilWickremesinghe ruled out legal action against President Maithripala Sirisena’s recent move sacking him and appointing former President Mahinda Rajapaksa in his place.
Srilanka president: Mahindra Percy Rajapaksa.
Prime Minister: Diassanayake Muliyanselage Vayarzne.
Currency: Rupee
Capital: Colombo.
Bolsonaro Elected Brazil PresidentGets 55% Of Votes, to take Office on January 1 next Year
Former Army Captain Jair Bolsonaro was elected President of Brazil, promising a fundamental change in direction for the country.
Official results gave him 55.13% of the votes in the run-off election, to 44.87% for leftist opponent Fernando Haddad, with 99.99% of the ballots counted.
Brazil President: Mr. Dilma Rousseff
Currency: Real
Capital: Brasilia.

October 31

Maldives SC Suspends Nasheed’s Jail term
The Maldives Supreme Court suspended exiled FormerPresident Mohamed Nasheed’s 13-year jail sentence, Clearing the way for his arrival in Capital Male on 1st November.
Mr. Nasheed’s Conviction On Terrorism Charges in 2012, he Sought MedicalLleave to go to the United Kingdom in 2016 and has Since Lived there in Exile.
Maldives President: Abdulla Yameen
Prime Minister: Abdul Gayoom
Capital: Male
Currency: Rufiya