international - 2017 November

November 1

IAF contingent leaves for Israel to participate in 'Ex Blue Flag'
A 45 member contingent of the Indian Air Force left for Israel to participate in exercise ‘Blue Flag-17’.
Blue Flag is a bi-annual multilateral exercise held by Israeli Air Force with air forces of other countries.
Objective of this exercise is to strengthen military cooperation amongst participating nations.
The Indian contingent for exercise ‘Blue Flag – 17’ is led by Gp Capt Maluk Singh VSM.
By participating in this exercise, Indian Air Force is operating with Israeli Air Force in a multilateral exercise setting for the first time.
Indian Air Force is participating in ‘Blue Flag -17’ with C-130J special operations aircraft along with ‘Garud’ commandos.
This exercise will serve as a platform for sharing of knowledge, combat experience and best practices among air forces of participating nations.

November 2

Italian PM Gentiloni arrives in India to boost bilateral ties
Prime Minister of Italy Paolo Gentiloni arrived in India for two-day official visit. Mr. Gentiloni was accompanied by a 15-member delegation of Italian businessmen.
This is the first visit to India by an Italian Prime Minister in last ten years. Romano Prodi was the last Italian Prime Minister to visit India.
During the course of this visit, Mr. Gentiloni met Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India President Ram Nath Lovind and External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj.
The focus of Mr. Gentiloni’s visit was to give an impetus to economic and commercial cooperation between India and Italy.
It is to be noted that in 2018, India and Italy will be celebrating the 70th anniversary of their diplomatic relations.

World's third largest book fair opens in Sharjah
World’s third largest book fair, Sharjah International Book Fair (SIBF) 2017, opened in Sharjah, UAE.
SIBF 2017 has been organized by Sharjah Book Authority (SBA). The fair will continue for 11 days. Theme of SIBF 2017 is ‘A World in My Book’.
As United Kingdom is SIBF 2017 ‘Country of Honour’, a special programme will be held featuring elite British authors and prominent literary figures.
The fair showcases more than 1.5 million book titles and 1650 publishing houses from 60 countries.
Two million visitors are expected to attend Sharjah International Book Fair (SIBF) 2017. Book sales in last year’s SIBF reached USD 48.2 million.
It is to be noted that Sharjah has been declared as the ‘World Book Capital 2019’ by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

November 3

‘Fake news’ named word of the year 2017
Fake news, a term popularised by U.S. President Donald Trump, has been named the word of the year by Collins dictionary due to its widespread use around the world. The U.K.-based lexicographer found that the use of “fake news” registered a 365% rise in the last 12 months.
Defined as “false, often sensational, information disseminated under the guise of news reporting”, fake news takes over from Brexit — which was named the definitive word last year after the June 2016 referendum in favour of the U.K.’s exit from the EU.

Indian naval ships Tir and Sujatha pay goodwill visit to Sri Lanka
Two Indian naval ships are on a five-day goodwill visit to Sri Lanka to participate in a number of training exercises in a bid to share professional expertise and strengthen friendship.
Indian Naval Ships Tir and Sujatha and the Indian Coast Guard ship Sarathi arrived at the Colombo port on a goodwill and training visit. The ships’ crews will also take part in a series of friendly sports events and community service activities organised by the Sri Lanka Navy.
The visit took place amidst an increase in military ties with Sri Lanka. Vessels from the Sri Lankan Navy completed a set of military exercises in India. The Indian government also provided an Offshore Patrol Vessel to the Sri Lanka Coast Guard.

November 4

Kazakhstan to change its name by 2025
The central Asian country of Kazakhstan is changing its name to Qazaqstan in a challenge to Russian influence over the country.
The former Soviet state announced that it will appoint a national committee to oversee the country's transition from Russian Cyrillic to a Latin-based alphabet by 2025.
As a result, the name of the country will be changed to the Latin equivalent 'Qazaqstan.'

November 5

Five-ship Indian naval training flotilla on visit to Colombo
A five-ship Indian naval training flotilla (a small fleet of ships or boats), is on a visit to Colombo, Sri Lanka to expose the trainees to the conduct of warship in foreign waters and strengthen the bridges of friendship between India and Sri Lanka.
The five ships in this flotilla includes INS Tir, INS Sujata, INS Sudarshini, INS Shardul and Coast Guard vessel ICGS Sarathi.
All these ships belong to the First Training Squadron of the Indian Navy and are functioning under the Southern Naval Command (SNC) headquartered in Kochi, Kerala.
Captain D.J. Revar, Senior Officer of the First Training Squadron and also the commanding officer of INS Tir is heading this flotilla.
In Sri Lanka, the trainee officers of the flotilla called on Commander of Sri Lankan Navy Vice Admiral S S Ranasinghe and also visited the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) Memorial.
Indian Navy’s First Training Squadron also imparts training to officers from friendly foreign countries.

November 6

India, Egypt to step up cooperation in sports, youth affairs
Union Sports Minister Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore met his Egyptian counterpart Khaled Abd El Aziz and discussed ways to step up cooperation in the field of sports and youth affairs.
Singh, who is visiting the country to attend the World Youth Forum in which over 50 countries including India are participating, congratulated Egypt for qualifying for the FIFA World Cup 2018 in Russia.
Egypt has offered their centre of excellence like the Olympic Centre for short term training programme for Indian sports teams.
Mr. Rathore informed Mr. Aziz about Union Sports Ministry’s decision to hire Egyptian trainers and support staff for squash.

China extends national anthem law to Hong Kong
China adopted a new law enforcing a three-year punishment for disrespecting the national anthem, which would be enforced in the specially administered provinces of Hong Kong and Macau.
China’s National People’s Congress (NPC) has passed an amendment to the country’s criminal law to punish acts of gravely disrespecting the national anthem.
It has also endorsed the adoption of the National Anthem Law to the Special Administrative Regions (SAR) of Hong Kong and Macau.
Punishments are deprivation of political rights, criminal detention and imprisonment of upto three years.
Those who modify the lyrics, or play or sing the national anthem in a distorted or disrespectful way in public, can be detained for up to 15 days, and also be held criminally liable.

Nepal opens bridge built with India's help
Nepal inaugurated a bridge on the Kaligandaki River at Jomsom area in Mustang district near China border.
This bridge has been built with financial assistance of 44.5 million Nepali rupees provided by India. The financial assistance was provided as a part of India–Nepal Economic Cooperation (INEC) programme.
With the inauguration of this bridge, people of Mustang now have direct motorable connectivity. The bridge will also benefit thousands of tourists and pilgrims visiting the famous Muktinath temple and upper Mustang for trekking.
The bridge was inaugurated by Ambassador of India to Nepal Manjeev Singh Puri.

November 7

Guinea becomes new member of International Solar Alliance
Union External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj held a meeting with Guinea’s Foreign Minister, Mamady Toure. During the course of this meeting, Mamady Toure handed over Guinea’s Instrument of Accession to the India-initiated International Solar Alliance (ISA).
The International Solar Alliance is an alliance of countries which are located completely or partly between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn.
It was jointly launched by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi and the then President of France Francois Hollande in 2015 in Paris, on the side lines of COP21.
Under the ISA, solar rich countries will collaborate to fulfil their objectives and needs pertaining to solar energy by emulating successful practices and setting up common mechanisms and instruments for harnessing solar energy on a huge scale.
Ms. Sushma Swaraj has extended an invitation to Guinea to attend the summit level meeting of founder members of ISA in New Delhi.

November 8

EU launches Election Observation Mission for Nepal polls
The European Union Election Observation Mission (EUEOM) was launched to monitor the general and provincial polls in Nepal.
Around 100 election observers from member countries of the European Union (EU) have been deployed to oversee the polls in Nepal. The EU has allocated 3.5 million euro for the entire election observation process.
A 38 member long-term election observers were deployed across Nepal to observe the electoral preparations. A core team of 10 election analysts will be based in Kathmandu.
The mission will be informed by 20 short-term observers, who will observe the election-day proceedings.

November 9

Hong Kong becomes World’s Top City for International Visits
Hong Kong is set to retain its status as the city most visited by international travellers this year in spite of strained relations with mainland China. According to market research firm Euromonitor International it estimates 25.7 million arrivals in Hong Kong this year, down 3.2% on 2016.
The Thai capital Bangkok retains second place, but its popularity has grown faster than Hong Kong’s, with arrivals up 9.5% at 21.3 million.
London is Europe’s top city, in third place with 19.8 million arrivals, but the report suggests it is set to be overtaken in the coming seven years as Asian cities soar in popularity.
The Asia Pacific region, according to author Wouter Geerts, Euromonitor’s senior travel analyst, remains the “standout region”.

November 10

India re-elected member of UNESCO’s executive board
India was re-elected as the member of UNESCO’s executive board.
The election was held at the 39th session of the General Conference of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation in Paris. The executive board is the top decision making body of the international organisation.
The General Conference consists of the representatives of the member states of the organisation.
It meets every two years and is attended by member states and associate members along with observers for non-member States, intergovernmental organisations and non- governmental organisations (NGOs).
It determines the policies and the main lines of work of the organisation.
The body is also responsible for setting up the programmes and the budget of UNESCO.
It also elects the members of the Executive Board and appoints the Director- General every four years.

November 11

U.S. Congress approves $700m for Pak
The American Congress has authorised up to $700 million in Coalition Support Fund (CSF) to reimburse Pakistan for activities carried out in support of US operations in Afghanistan.
The authorisation is included in the reconciled text of the House and Senate versions of the 2018 National Defence Authorisation Act (NDAA-2018).
The reconciled version makes $350m of $700m available to Pakistan under the CSF contingent upon certification from the secretary of defence that Pakistan is taking demonstrable steps against the Haqqani network.
The certification need to declare that Pakistan was making an attempt to coordinate with Afghanistan to restrict the movement of militants along the border, and Pakistan had shown progress in arresting and prosecuting senior leaders and mid-level operatives of the Haqqani network and LeT.

November 12

BSF, Pakistan Rangers to hold Commandant-level talks
The border guarding forces of India and Pakistan have decided to resume Commandant-level talks along the International Border (IB) to resolve local issues.
The Border Security Force (BSF) and the Pakistan Rangers have decided to initiate dialogue at the local level, a practice that was suspended one-and-a-half years ago.
According to Director General of BSF K.K Sharma, both the forces agreed to the proposal and the meetings would be held at regular intervals after a meeting with his Pakistani counterpart.
A 19-member delegation of Pakistan Rangers, led by Major General Muhammad Saeed, Director General, Sindh Rangers, concluded a three-day visit in Delhi. They had come to attend the 44th biannual Director General-level talks.

November 13

UN hosts first talks on use of ‘killer robots’ in Geneva
The United Nations is set to host the first-ever talks on the use of autonomous weapons, but those hoping for a ban on the machines dubbed killer robots will be disappointed, the ambassador leading the discussions.
More than 100 artificial intelligence entrepreneurs led by Tesla’s Elon Musk in August urged the UN to enforce a global ban on fully-automated weapons, echoing calls from activists who have warned the machines will put civilians at enormous risk.
A UN disarmament grouping known as the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW) will hold five days of talks on the issue in Geneva.
The discussion will also include civil society and technology companies. It will be partly focused on understanding the types of weapons in the pipeline.
Proponents of a ban, including the Campaign to Stop Killer Robots pressure group, insist that human beings must ultimately be responsible for the final decision to kill or destroy.

PM Modi inaugurated Rice Field laboratory in Manila named after him
Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in Los Banos, Philippines and inaugurated ‘Shri Narendra Modi Resilient Rice Field Laboratory’ named after him.
Narendra Modi unveiled a plaque to mark the inauguration of the ‘Shri Narendra Modi Resilient Rice Field Laboratory’. He also undertook a symbolic ground breaking for a new plot for submergence tolerant rice varieties and presented two Indian rice seed varieties to the IRRI (International Rice Research Institute) gene bank.
He interacted with several Indian scientists working at IRRI. He also reviewed a photo exhibit showcasing flood tolerant rice varieties, drought tolerant rice varieties, salinity tolerant rice varieties and IRRI’s work with women farming cooperatives.

Nepal cancels hydro dam deal with Chinese state firm
Nepal has cancelled the Budhi Gandaki hydropower project with the Chinese firm due to irregularities and lack of transparency.
Nepal’s Deputy Prime Minister Kamal Thapa announced that, the power project with Chinese firm has been cancelled as directed by the parliamentary committee.
Budhi Gandaki Hydropower Project is a storage type project, located in Central/ Western Development region on the Budhi Gandaki River of Nepal.
The project was granted to the Gezhouba Water & Power (Group) Co Ltd (CGGC) company one and half year ago by the the Nepal government, headed by Former Prime Minsiter Pushpa Kamal Dahal.

November 14

India, Philippines ink four agreements in various fields
India and Philippines have signed four agreements in areas of defence, agriculture, small and medium enterprises and tie-up between think-tanks. The defence agreement is to have private and public enterprises to cooperate in the defence sector, including on the off-shore patrolling vessels.
These agreements were signed after bilateral meetings between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte in Manila on sidelines of the ASEAN and related summits that are underway in Philippines capital. It was first bilateral visit by Indian PM to Philippines in 36 years after visit of then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in 1981, though Prime Minister Manmohan Singh had visited the Southeast Asian country in 2007 for ASEAN summit.
PM Modi contributed two Indian rice seed varieties to gene bank of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in Philippines which is working towards mitigating global poverty and hunger by improving cultivation of key grain.

Founding Ceremony of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) held at Bonn
A Curtain Raiser Event for the Founding Ceremony of the International Solar Alliance (ISA) was held at Bonn, Germany.
The event was addressed by Anand Kumar, Secretary, Union Ministry of New and Renewable Energy and C.K. Mishra, Secretary, Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India.
Interim Director General of the ISA, Upendra Tripathy, informed that ISA will become a treaty-based international intergovernmental organization.
Three programmes of ISA that are currently underway include, Facilitating affordable finance for solar energy, Scaling up solar applications for agriculture and Promoting solar mini-grids in Member Nations.
During the event, discussions were also held on ISA’s Common Risk Mitigation Mechanism (CRMM) project, aimed at de-risking investments into solar energy projects.

November 15

Syria signs up Paris Agreement on climate change
United Nations announced that, Syria has officially signed the Paris Agreement on climate change.
Syria has become the 169th of 196 countries that are members of the UN climate convention to take the legal step of ratification.
After Nicaragua signed up, Syria was the only country not to have adopted the pact. Another 27 nations that have signed the treaty have yet to pass domestic laws required for full accession.
The Paris agreement on climate change commits countries to limiting average global warming to under 2 deg C over Industrial Revolution levels, and 1.5 deg C if possible, to prevent unwanted climate change-induced storms, drought and sea-level rise.
To support the agreement, nations submitted voluntary commitments to control greenhouse gas emissions from burning coal, oil and natural gas.

US Consulate General launches for young entrepreneurs
The US Consulate General, Kolkata launched ‘Youth for Business-Y4BIZ’, a support programme for young entrepreneurs in the eastern region of India.
Under ‘Youth for Business-Y4BIZ’ programme, a group of 50 young entrepreneurs will be supported to transform their business ideas from the initial stage to a sustainable business model.
This programme will be launched soon in three other cities of eastern India – Guwahati (Assam), Patna (Bihar), and Ranchi (Jharkhand).
The 50 entrepreneurs will be selected through a screening process after the programme is launched in all four cities.
This programme is an initiative undertaken by US Consulate General in collaboration with social enterprise Contact Base and is part of a series of activities in the run up to the upcoming 8th Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES) which will be held in Hyderabad.

November 16

US Consulate General launches for young entrepreneurs
The US Consulate General, Kolkata launched ‘Youth for Business-Y4BIZ’, a support programme for young entrepreneurs in the eastern region of India.
Under ‘Youth for Business-Y4BIZ’ programme, a group of 50 young entrepreneurs will be supported to transform their business ideas from the initial stage to a sustainable business model.
This programme will be launched soon in three other cities of eastern India – Guwahati (Assam), Patna (Bihar), and Ranchi (Jharkhand).
The 50 entrepreneurs will be selected through a screening process after the programme is launched in all four cities.
This programme is an initiative undertaken by US Consulate General in collaboration with social enterprise Contact Base and is part of a series of activities in the run up to the upcoming 8th Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES) which will be held in Hyderabad.

November 17

COP23: The Talanoa dialogue process and progress on pre-2020 climate actions
The UN climate conference (COP23) commenced in Bonn, Germany fetched a good result for developing countries, including India, as the developed nations, at last, agreed to budge on the issue of their pre-2020 actions as well world gets a new platform to discuss the issue, called Talanoa Dialogues.
The contentious issue, which requires revisiting of greenhouse gas mitigation targets or the emission cut target by developed countries and provision of finance, technology know-how, and capacity building support to developing countries, has now found a place in the draft decision text of the COP23.
At the International Climate Change Conference organized in Bonn, Germany, Fiji has provided a new platform to the world to discuss the issue, which is named after the Talanoa Dialogues.
Talanoa is a traditional word used in Fiji and the Pacific to reflect a process of inclusive, participatory and transparent dialogue.
The purpose of Talanoa is to share stories, build trust and to make wise decisions, which are for the collective good.
The process of Talanoa involves the sharing of ideas, skills and experience through storytelling.

November 18

New global effort launched to end TB by 2030 – WHO
The World Health Organization (WHO) launched a new global effort to end Tuberculosis by 2030. Under this new initiative, 75 ministers agreed to take urgent action to end TB by 2030.
The initiative was launched during the first WHO Global Ministerial Conference on Ending Tuberculosis in the Sustainable Development Era: A Multisectoral Response that was attended by 114 countries in Moscow.
The Moscow Declaration to End TB aims to increase multisectoral action as well as track progress, and build accountability.
More than 1000 participants took part in the two-day conference which resulted in collective commitment to end TB.
The participants pledged to achieve universal health coverage by strengthening health systems and improving access to people-centered TB prevention and care.
They also vowed to mobilize sufficient and sustainable finances by increasing domestic and international investments.
The ministers also promised to build accountability through a framework to track and review progress on ending TB including multisectoral approaches.

IFFCO retains global seat in International Cooperative Alliance
Co-operative major IFFCO has won and retained the post of director on the board of International Co-operative Alliance (ICA).
IFFCO has also moved up to 105th rank from 155th in World Cooperative Monitor which ranks top global 300 cooperatives.
ICA organised its global conference and general assembly 2017 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. It is a non-profit international association established in 1895 to advance the co-operative model.
The alliance is the apex organisation for co-operatives worldwide, representing 284 co-operative federations and organisations across 95 countries.

China Opens World's Coolest Library With 1.2 Million Books
China has opened the world’s coolest library in the Binhai Cultural District in Tianjin, China.
The library has been designed by Dutch design firm MVRDV in collaboration with the Tianjin Urban Planning and Design Institute (TUPDI). It covers 33,700 square meters.
It is a five-story library. It can hold up to 1.2 million books. It took three years to complete the construction.
It has been dubbed “The Eye of Binhai”, as it has a giant spherical auditorium in the middle that looks just like a giant eye.

November 19

Sarajevo Haggadah listed in UNESCOs Memory of the World
Sarajevo Haggadah, the 14th- century richly illuminated Hebrew manuscript, has been included in UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register.
Sarajevo Haggadah has been kept at the National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina since 1894.
It was brought to Sarajevo through the efforts of Jews fleeing persecution in Spain.
In Hebrew, Haggadah means a handwritten story (on parchment). It is read by family members on the occasion of the Jewish feast of Passover.
Sarajevo Haggadah has of 84 folios of parchment which contains a series of illuminations on one side of the page only. History from the Pentateuch, starting from the Genesis, through Egyptian slavery and the Exodus, until the blessing of Joshua has been shown in these illuminations.

UNGA adopts Pak-backed resolution on self-determination
United Nations (UN) General Assembly unanimously passed a Pakistan-sponsored resolution that considers right of peoples to self-determination as a fundamental condition for the effective guarantee and observance of human rights.
This resolution was co-sponsored by 75 member countries of UN and was adopted without a vote in UN General Assembly’s Third Committee.
UN General Assembly’s Third Committee deals with social, humanitarian and cultural issues.
This resolution was introduced by Pakistan’s Ambassador to UN, Maleeha Lodhi. It will come up for General Assembly’s endorsement in December 2017.
General Assembly’s firm opposition to acts of foreign military intervention, aggression and occupation has also been included in the text of the resolution.
It states that foreign military intervention, aggression and occupation suppresses right of peoples to self-determination and other human rights.
Foreign Policy and diplomacy experts consider this resolution sponsored by Pakistan as a veiled reference to its differences with India on Kashmir issue.

November 20

India, China hold first border talks after Doklam standoff
10th round of the Working Mechanism for Consultation and Coordination on India-China Border Affairs (WMCC) was held between Indian and Chinese officials in Beijing.
This is the first meeting between Indian and Chinese officials under WMCC after the 70-day Doklam standoff which started in June 2017.
Pranay Verma, Joint Secretary (East Asia) led the Indian delegation which comprised diplomats and military officials. The Chinese side was led by Xiao Qian, Director General, and Department of Asian Affairs in the Chinese Foreign Ministry.
Situation in all sectors of India-China border was reviewed during this meeting.
At this meeting, India and China also exchanged views on confidence-building measures and strengthening of military-to-military contacts.

November 21

India-Russia sign pact for visa free entry of flight crew
A pact for visa free entry of the crew of chartered and scheduled flights between India and Russia was signed by the two countries.
India and Russia have agreed to implement the general declaration for visa free entry of the crew of chartered and scheduled flights between the two countries.
The agreement will facilitate visa free entry, stay and exit of crew of aircraft of the designated airlines as well as other aircraft companies operating chartered and special flights in the respective territories on reciprocal basis.
According to official estimates, around 1,200 scheduled flights fly between India and Russia every year. About 1,100 Russian chartered flights arrive in India every year.

November 22

India, Sweden to work closely in promoting clean technologies
India and Sweden expect to work closely in adopting and promoting green technologies where small and medium enterprises would play critical role.
India–Sweden Innovations’ Accelerator Programme aims to facilitate transfer of innovative clean technologies and solutions from Sweden to India and provide a bridge for commercial Swedish–Indian innovation cooperation.
In the last four years, the programme has facilitated interaction between more than 45 Swedish companies and 300 Indian companies through workshops and B2B meetings.
Through this initiative, 30 projects have been implemented in different companies in India. Taking this initiative forward, a one day workshop on Innovative clean technologies and B2B meeting with Swedish delegation was organized.

November 23

World Trade Organization (WTO) sets up panel on Qatar-UAE crisis
The World Trade Organization (WTO) has established a panel to decide on Qatar’s complaint against measures imposed on Doha by the United Arab Emirates for its alleged financial support for militant groups.
Qatar insisted UAE’s actions violate its rights and those of other countries by denying freedom of transit to Qatar.
Bahrain, Egypt, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates launched an economic boycott of Qatar in June 2017 and closed land, air and sea access to it. Qatar has denied supporting extremists.
The World Trade Organization has now established a panel to decide on Qatar’s complaint against measures imposed on Doha by the United Arab Emirates.

November 24

India asks UN to declare 2018 as International Year of Millets
India has sent proposal to the United Nations (UN) for declaring the year 2018 as ‘International Year of Millets’. If the proposal is agreed, it will raise awareness about millets among consumers, policy makers, industry and Research and Development (R&D) sector.
Promotion of production and consumption of millets at global level will contribute substantially in fight against targeted hunger and mitigate effect of climate change in long run. Popularizing millets will benefit future generations of farmers as well as consumers.
It has multiple untapped uses such as food, feed, biofuels and brewing. Therefore, millets are smart food and good for consumers, farmers and planet.
Millet is a common term to categorize small-seeded grasses that are often termed nutri-cereals or dryland-cereals. It includes sorghum, ragi, pearl millet, small millet, proso millet, foxtail millet, barnyard millet, kodo millet and other millets. They are adapted to harsh environment of the semi-arid tropics and require low or no purchased inputs, thus they are backbone for dry land agriculture.

November 25

Myanmar, Bangladesh sign deal for return of Rohingya Muslims
Bangladesh and Myanmar signed a memorandum of understanding on the return of Rohingya Muslims who fled the Rakhine state in Myanmar to escape a military crackdown.
Nearly 600000 Rohingya people fled Myanmar to the neighbouring Bangladesh after army started an operation in response to an attack by Rohingya militants.
Myanmar has now accepted to repatriate these Rohingya refugees from Bangladesh and a deal in this regard has been signed by Bangladesh Foreign Minister A.H. Mahmud Ali and Myanmar State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi in Myanmar’s capital Naypyidaw.
Myanmar will start the repatriation process in two months. A joint working group to oversee the process will be formed comprising of foreign secretaries of both the countries.
While negotiating the deal, Bangladesh had sought the involvement of UN agencies to verify proper resettlement of repatriated refugees. However, this proposal was rejected by Myanmar in the final deal.

U.S. and South Korea to hold joint drill
The air forces of South Korea and the United States will hold ‘Vigilant Ace’ a joint drill.
‘Vigilant Ace’ between air forces of United States and South Korea is held at periodic intervals to simulate wartime defenses.
Nearly 12000 U.S. personnel, including U.S. Marine Corps and Navy troops will participate in the upcoming edition of ‘Vigilant Ace’ along with South Korean troops.
230 aircrafts including F-22 stealth fighters will be flown at eight U.S. and South Korean military installations.
The objective of this drill is to enhance interoperability between U.S. and South Korean forces and increase the combat effectiveness of air forces of both nations.
This drill will be held in the backdrop of North Korea’s threats to develop and deploy nuclear missiles.

November 26

Ayodhya Mahotsav in South Korea next year
‘Ayodhya Mahotsav’, depicting the cultural heritage of the temple town, would be held in Seoul and Gimhe cities of South Korea in 2018.
In return, a ‘Korea Festival’ will be held in Lucknow and Ayodhya. An in-principle decision in this regard was made during the meeting of the Uttar Pradesh government and a delegation from South Korea led by Mayor of Gimhe city, Kim Wonman.
People in South Korea believe that 2,000 years ago, an Ayodhya princess had married a Korean king Kim Suro. At present, their descendants are members of the “Crock Clan” and had built a memorial in Ayodhya.
During the meeting, it was also decided that Agriculture department of UP government will receive technical support from South Korea for research in rice production.

November 27

WHO for first time releases guidelines on child sex abuse
The World Health Organization (WHO) for first time has formulated clinical guidelines on responding to children and adolescents who have been sexually abused.
The guidelines are grounded in human rights standards and ethical principles. They will assist frontline health care providers — general practitioners, gynaecologists, nurses and others — who may directly receive victim of sexual abuse or may identify sexual abuse during course of diagnosis and treatment.
WHO’s first of kind gender sensitive guidelines provide first line support to child or adolescent in response to the disclosure of sexual abuse. It offers HIV postexposure prophylaxis and adherence support to those who have been raped and who present within 72 hours.
It offers emergency contraception to girl child who has been raped and who present within 120 hours (5 days). It takes into consideration STI (sexually transmitted infections) presumptive treatment or prophylaxis in settings where laboratory testing is not feasible.
It also takes in considerations cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) with trauma focus for those have PTSD symptoms and diagnosis. It also offers Hepatitis B and HPV vaccination. It also calls upon health care providers about informing obligation on victims and their non-offending caregivers to report abuse and limits of confidentiality before interviewing them.

November 28

World’s First 3D Sanskrit Film Anurakthi Screened at 2017 IFFI Goa.
World's first Sanskrit 3D film 'Anurakthi was among the main attraction in 3D category at the International Film Festival of India in Panaji in Goa.
The motto of making the film is to make the Sanskrit language relevant even for the movie directed by Asokan PK revolves around the traditional art form of Kerala, Koodiyattam.
IFFI was founded in 1952 and held annually in Goa.

India Russia sign comprehensive anti terror pact
India and Russia have signed comprehensive anti-terror pact agreement for enhancing bilateral cooperation in tackling all forms of terrorism and countering threat posed by narcotics.
The agreement was signed by Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Russia’s Interior Minister Vladimir Kolokoltsev in Moscow after they held wide-ranging talks.
Both countries emphasized need to strength of relationship between them which has been consolidated in past 70 years in all areas. They underlined that cooperation in field of security is important aspect of bilateral relationship between them to further strengthen cooperation to combat terrorism, extremism and radicalism.
They also agreed that terrorism must be fought unitedly and there were no good or bad terrorists. They also agreed to cooperate in combating new challenges, cooperate in building a data base, and in training of police and investigative agencies and enhance exchange of information. They also agreed to hold next Joint Working Group (JWG) meeting to counter terrorism in 2018.

November 29

Russia to Help India to Set up National Crisis Response Centre
Russia will assist India to set up a national crisis management centre in the country to handle disaster and other emergency situations.
This was agreed during a meeting between Indian Home Minister Rajnath Singh and Russian Minister for Emergency Situations Vladimir Puchkov in Moscow. Both sides agreed that EMERCOM of Russia would cooperate with India in the establishment of the National Crisis Management Centre (NCMC) in India.
Capital of Russia is Moscow.

November 30

India donates 500 tonnes of rice to Lesotho
India donated 500 metric tonnes of rice to the Kingdom of Lesotho (in Southern Africa), which is facing acute food shortage due to famine.
High Commissioner of India to South Africa and Lesotho, Ruchira Kamboj handed over the donation to the government of Lesotho.
He also inaugurated the India-Lesotho Centre for Advanced Information Technology, a project fully-funded by the Government of India, at the Lerotholi Polytechnic in Maseru.