Science & Technology - 2019 JANUARY

January 1

Clever Artificial Intelligence hides information to cheat later at task
A study by Stanford University and Google revealed that artificial intelligence (AI) tool CycleGAN was hiding information to cheat on another task it was assigned to do later.Information about a source image was hidden "into the images it generates in a nearly imperceptible, high-frequency signal".
CycleGAN, a neutral network that learns to transform images was working well till it was found that the agent didn’t really learn to make the map out of image but it learned to subtly encode the features from one into the noise patterns of the other.

NASA's New Horizons spacecraft makes historic flyby of Ultima Thule
NASA's New Horizons spacecraft has completed its epic flyby of the most distant object ever explored, the recently-unveiled fossil from the beginning of the solar system, Ultima Thule.
At 6.5 billion km (appr) from Earth, the encounter is the most distant ever exploration of a Solar System body. The cosmic rendezvous occurred so far from Earth that it took more than 6 hours for a signal from New Horizons to reach Earth.
Ultima is an object in the Kuiper belt which is a band of frozen material that orbits the Sun more than 2 billion km (1.25 billion miles) further out than the Neptune; and 1.5 billion km beyond even the dwarf planet Pluto, which New Horizons visited in 2015.
NASA’s OSIRIS-REx breaks record for smallest space object ever orbited
NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft broke a record after successfully entering into orbit around the asteroid Bennu - the smallest cosmic object ever to be orbited by a spacecraft.
NASA’s OSIRIS-REx spacecraft, 110 million kilometers away, carried out a single, eight-second burn of its thrusters. The manoeuvre placed the spacecraft into orbit around the asteroid Bennu.
The spacecraft will circle Bennu about 1.75 kilometres from its centre, closer than any other spacecraft has come to its celestial object of study.

January 2

Researchers developed Brain pacemaker to treat epilepsy, Parkinson’s
Researchers have developed a device, named WAND, short for ''wireless artifact-free neuromodulation device'', can deliver electrical stimulation if it detects something amiss in the brain’s electrical activity.
The device that works like a 'pacemaker for the brain' to monitor the brain’s electrical activity and potentially deliver fine-tuned treatments to patients with diseases like epilepsy and Parkinson’s.
The device is both wireless and autonomous, meaning that once it learns to recognize the signs of tremor or seizure, it can adjust the stimulation parameters on its own to prevent the unwanted movements.

IIT Guwahati scientists develop a paper sensor that can detect freshness of milk
Scientists at Indian Institute of Technology, Guwahati have developed a simple paper kit that can test freshness of milk and tell how well it has been pasteurized.
The kit is sided with smart phone app to ensure that milk is consumed before it turns too sour.
The team has prepared a kit by attaching probe discs onto a 2 cm square transparent cellulose acetate film. The probe is then covered with another cellulose acetate film.
Colour reaction takes place when milk is injected through a tiny hole in the cover and a smart phone can be used to get the results. It takes just about 15 minutes to detect raw milk from pasteurized one.

ISRO launches Samwad with Students.
As part of the enhanced outreach programme of Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), a new platform named Samwad with Students (SwS) was launched in Bengaluru.
Through the initiative, ISRO aims to engage youngsters across the country to capture their scientific temperament. The new conversation mission will inspire students cutting across schools and colleges.
About ISRO:
Formed in 1969
Headquarter: Bangalore.
Founder: Vikram Sarabhai
Managed by theDepartment of Space (reports to the Prime Minister)
Chairman: A.S. Kiran Kumar

January 3

China successfully lands Chang'e-4 spacecraft on the far side of the Moon
China National Space Administration’s (CNSA) robotic probe, Chang’e 4 has become the first ever to land on face of the Moon not seen from the Earth.
Chang'e 4 will perform a variety of science work over the coming months, potentially helping scientists better understand the structure, formation and evolution of Earth's natural satellite.
The mission aims to take detailed measurements of the Moon’s terrain and mineral composition.
About CNSA:
The China National Space Administration (CNSA) is the national space agency of China. It is responsible for the national space program [2] and for planning and development of space activities.

An ambitious web-based single-window system ‘Parivesh’ will be rolled-out at state levels by January 15, bringing an end to the clearance nightmare for entrepreneurs.
The automated system for submission, clearance and monitoring has already been implemented at the Central level, while various States starting from Gujarat will begin to implement the scheme by January 15.
Launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in August last year on World Biofuel Day.
'Parivesh' (Pro-Active and Responsive facilitation by Interactive, Virtuous and Environmental Single-window Hub) is a single-window integrated environmental management system, developed under the 'Digital India' initiative.

January 4

India's Moon mission Chandrayaan - 2 gets delayed again
This is the third delay that the mission has seen since the project was announced - the first was in December 2016 and the second occurred in October 2018. The third was scheduled for January 3, 2019.
About Chandrayaan - 2:
It is a totally indigenous venture, comprises of an orbiter, a lander and a rover.
After a controlled descent, the lander would soft-land on the lunar surface at a specified site and deploy a rover, according to Isro.
The six-wheeled rover will move around the landing site on the lunar surface in a semi-autonomous mode as decided by the ground commands.
The instruments on the rover will observe the lunar surface and send back data, which will be useful for analysis of the lunar soil.
The 3,290 kg Chandrayaan-2will orbit the Moon and perform the objectives of remotely sensing it.
The payloads will collect scientific information on lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and water-ice, the space agency said.
Chandrayaan - 1 was India's first lunar probe. It was launched by the Isro in October 2008 and operated till August 2009.

January 5

Indian Oil Corporation Ltd’s (IOC)’s LNG import terminal in Ennore commenced.
The Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) commissioned its liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal at Ennore in Tamil Nadu.
This is the first LNG terminal that IOC has built on its own.
The facility was built at a cost of Rs 5,151 crore and will be commissioned after completion of dredging of the channel that will bring cryogenic ships carrying natural gas in its liquid form to the port.

Gigantic tricolours to adorn railway stations in Hyderabad.
The busy railway stations of the State such as Secunderabad, Kacheguda and Nampallywhich fall under A1 category stations will soon have a gigantic national flag fluttering on 100-feet-tall flag posts on the station premises.
About 75 railway stations in India, whose annual earnings exceed Rs. 50 crore, called A-1 category stations, have been asked to ensure that national flag flies atop their premises at a height of 100 feet.
Currently, the tallest tricolour flag post in the city is installed at Sanjeevaiah Park which is of 290 feet height.

January 7

Govt Allocates Rs. 10,900 crore For Development of 40 Satellite Launch Vehicles
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Chairman Dr. K. Sivan stated that the Union Government has allocated 10,900 crore rupees for the development of 40 satellite launch vehicles in the next 4 years.

China: Lunar rover named ‘Yutu-2’, lands on the far side of the moon
Lunar rover Yutu-2 or Jade Rabbit-2 of the Chang’e-4 spacecraft made the first-ever soft landing on the far side of the moon.
Lunar rover named ‘Yutu-2’, lands on the far side of the moon.
Images were sent back to the Earth via the relay satellite ‘Queqiao’.
In Chinese folklore, Yutu is the white pet rabbit of Chang’e, the moon goddess who lent her name to the Chinese lunar mission.
China’s lunar probe is a part of its ‘Made in China 2025’ project.
It follows a homegron Chinese Global Positioning System named BeiDou Navigation Satellite System.

January 8

HRD starts 70-point grading index to assess state school education.
The Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has introduced a 70-point grading index to assess the quality of school education offered by states.
A state performance grading will be done wherein the states will be marked out of 1,000 scores on 70 parameters.
This will give the correct picture of where every state stands.
There will be a fair competition to improve each other’s performances
Minister of Human Resource Development: PrakashJavadekar

January 9

Govt allocates Rs 10,900 crore for development of 40 satellite launch vehicles in next 4-years: ISRO Chairman
The Union Government has allocated 10,900 crore rupees for the development of 40 satellite launch vehicles in the next four years.
He also informed that the Chandrayan-2 Mission will be launched within three months and It will land in one of those part of the Moon which is still unexplored.
He also said that the human space flight Gaganyaan is planned to be launched by 2022, on the occasion of 75th anniversary of Independence.
Space Technology Incubation Centres will be set up in different parts of the country, including Trichy as a part of the celebrations.
About Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO):
Director: Kailasavadivoo Sivan
Headquarters: Bengaluru
Founded: 15 August 1969

'Rail KumbhSeva Mobile App': mobile app to help people navigate through Prayagraj city during KumbhMela launched by NCR
The North Central Railway, (NCR) launched a mobile application the ‘Rail KumbhSeva Mobile App’ to help navigate the attendees of the KumbhMela in Prayagrajcity from January 15- March 4, 2019.
Rail KumbhSeva Mobile App' will provide information regarding all the ‘Mela special’ trains that will be run during the period.
The app will provide a link to the user to buy both unreserved and reserved train tickets.
Also, the users will not only get to know their current location, but will also be able to reach to all railway stations, the mela zone, major hotels, bus stations and other facilities within Prayagraj.
A photo gallery, containing pictures of previous KumbhMelas can also be accessed through the app.
The North Central Railway, (NCR) Headquarters: Prayagraj / Allahabad.

January 11

‘Space fuel’, made by crystallizing CO2, to curb greenhouse gases created by IIT Madras scientists
‘Space fuel’ is created by trapping carbon dioxide in crystalline form with the help of water molecules. This would in future help to curb greenhouse gases.
This was made in vacuum, one thousand billion times below the atmospheric pressure called ultra-high vacuum (UHV) and temperature close to minus 263 degree Celsius.
These conditions are present in deep space which they mimicked in the lab.

January 12

First manned mission to space by December 2021, women astronauts to be part of the crew: ISRO chief K Sivan
The Gaganyaan project, which will send a three-member crew to space 
the schedule for the mission according to which the target for ISRO to send two unmanned missions to space is December 2020 and July 2021
The training of the crew will be done both in India and Russia and women astronauts will also be a part of the team. 

K2-288Bb new planet discovered using NASA telescope
Scientists have discovered new planet K2-288Bb, which is twice the size of Earth.
It is estimated that liquid water may exist on the planet’s surface.
The new world, known as K2-288Bb, is similar to Neptune. It is found 226 light-years away in the Taurus constellation.
The planet contains a pair of dim, cool M-type stars that are 5.1 billion miles apart, about six times the distance between Saturn and the sun.
The brightest of the two stars is half as massive as our sun, and the other star is one-third of the sun’s mass. K2-288Bb orbits the smaller, dimmer star, completing a full orbit every 31.3 days.

January 14

National Wildlife Board clears ONGC Trishna gas project
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) Tripura Asset would soon start extracting natural gas from Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary in Belonia subdivision of Gomati district following National Wildlife Board’s clearance of its proposal.
10-12 gas bearing wells long back have been discovered in Trishna Wildlife sanctuary.
As the gas bearing zones are in the wildlife sanctuary, permission from the National Wildlife Board is required.
The National Wildlife Board, following recommendations from the state Wildlife Board, has cleared the project

SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket launches Ten Iridium communications satellites
The SpaceX Falcon 9 launched Iridium Communications satellite comprises of 10 voice and data satellites,which is an alternative for entire fleet with a new generation of orbiters from the Vandenberg Air Force station in California.
The Iridium constellation was originally developed by Iridium SSC, with first-generation satellites deployed between 1997 to 2002.
The constellation’s name comes from the chemical element Iridium, which has atomic number 77.
This launch was one of the eight launches that are scheduled for the Virginia-based Iridium Communications to put a total of seventy-five Iridium-NEXT satellites into Earth’s lower orbit.

January 15

Special weather services for KumbhMela launched.
Union Minister of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences and Environment and Forests and Climate Change, DrHarshvardhan launched the special weather services for the benefit of people visiting Prayagraj during KumbhMela at a function in New Delhi.
The service will provide information of the prevailing weather and forecasts for next 3 days through four Automatic Weather stations (AWS) and a mobile van AWS that have been installed and operationalized at different locations at Prayagraj.
The observational sites are distributed in all four directions within 5-10 km radius.
It will be helpful for the local and state authorities by providing the real-time location specific weather information for efficient management of the entire event and also benefit the pilgrims by keeping them abreast of the latest weather information.

Chennai Traffic Police introduces robots for traffic management
The Chennai Traffic Police introduced a road safety robot named ROADEO, to help in traffic management and assist citizens.
With this, Chennai became the second city after Mumbai to induct robots in traffic management.
The robots would be integrated with traffic signals and could be managed manually via Bluetooth devices.
The robot has been developed by schoolchildren of a private robotics lab.

January 16

Govt. Launches two National level Initiatives in the field of science communication
The Department of Science and Technology (DST) along with Doordarshan (DD), PrasarBharati launched two science communication initiatives, DD Science and India Science.
These are aimed to integrate and elevate science in everyday life and to make India reach in top 3 of countries propagating science and technology by 2030.
The channels have been conceived and supported by the DST and are being implemented and managed by VigyanPrasar, an autonomous organisation of DST.
The two channels will have science-based documentaries, studio-based discussions, and virtual walkthroughs of scientific institutions, interviews and short films and will be completely free to access.
About Ministry of Information and Broadcasting:
Minister of State: Shri. RajyavardhanRathore.
Department of Science and Technology:
Union Minister: Dr. Harsh Vardhan.
Albumin better indicator of diabetes: study by scientists of NCL, Pune
According to WHO, levels of glycated (or glucose-bound) haemoglobin in blood can be used for diagnosis of diabetes
This can be achieved based on measurements of levels of free albumin and albumin attached to glucose molecules in the blood.
Newly Built broad gauge railway line inaugurate in Una District.
Minister of State for Railways ManojSinha inaugurated the newly built broad gauge railway line between AmbAndora and Daulatpurchowk in Una district in Himachal Pradesh
Around 335 core rupees has been spent to build the 16 km railway line which includes 10 bridges with no level crossing
Union Government has increased the railway budget from 108 crore rupees to 385 crore rupees. He stated that by 2022 this rail line would be extended to Mukerian in Punjab.

January 17

Death of George the tree snail marked the first extinction of 2019
The death of 14-year-old Hawaiian tree snail named George marked the first extinction of 2019. He was last known member of his species.
He belonged to “Achatinellaapexfulva” species.
George was born in a captive breeding facility at the University of Hawaii at Manoa in the early 2000s.
He got his name after Lonesome George the Pinta Island tortoise who was also last of his species.
Rebecca Rundell an evolutionary biologist with State University of New York was taking care of George.

January 18

SpaceX-CRS-16 Dragon craft departed from the International Space Station
A SpaceX cargo craft departed after a successful mission to deliver scientific equipment and other supplies. The SpaceX-CRS-16 Dragon transported more than 2,500 kilograms (5,600 pounds) of cargo to the space station and orbited Earth for five weeks.
SpaceX-CRS-16 Dragon is a Commercial Resupply Service mission to the International Space Station launched by NASA.

January 19

Japan launches satellite to produce world's first artificial meteor shower
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency has launched Tokyo-based startup Star-ALE's mini-satellite aimed to deliver the world's first artificial meteor shower.
The satellite is to release tiny balls that glow brightly as they hurtle through the atmosphere, simulating a meteor shower.
It hitched a ride on the small-size Epsilon-4 rocket that was launched from the Uchinoura space centre by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA).
About Japan:
Capital: Tokyo

Reliance Retail, Jio to Launch New e-Commerce Platform
Reliance Industries Ltd Chairman and managing director MukeshAmbani announced that group companies Reliance Retail and Reliance JioInfocomm would jointly launch a new e-commerce platform in the country.
Gujarat would be the first state to get it.
The announcement was made at the inauguration of the three-day Vibrant Gujarat summit.

India’s 2nd Defence Innovation Hub to come Up In Nashik
Nashik in Maharashtra will be the site of the country’s second defence innovation hub after Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu.
Union Minister of State for DefenceSubhashBhamre stated that the defence innovation hub at Nashik will help local industries and entrepreneurs in the country’s defence sector.

January 20

FinMin launched the ‘Know Your Budget’ series to educate people on Twitter about terms and references of Union Budget
The series contains definitions of various terms used in the budget.
The series began with explaining the terms: Union Budget and Vote on Account.
The government on February 1, 2019 would unveil the interim Budget for 2019-20.

January 22

Dell Launches India’s First Policy Hack for Teachers
Dell, as a part of its three-city Policy Hack series, hosted an interactive hackathon, where teachers focused on their learning journey in New Delhi.
The initiative allows the teaching fraternity to come up with solutions for problems faced by teachers inside and outside the classroom.
Policy Hack in India was conducted at two levels. Over 80 schools pan-India took part in it.
The maiden hackathon for teachers was won by the Government Boys Senior Secondary School No 1 Ghonda, Delhi who presented the most promising and innovative ideas and solutions.

Microsoft Launches e-Commerce Platform for Handloom Weavers.
Microsoft India has launched a new e-commerce platform for handloom weavers under its Project ReWeave, part of its philanthropic initiatives.
This e-commerce platform will help connect artisans to buyers directly, enabling them to expand to newer customers and markets.
The new e-commerce website hosts signature collections created by weaver communities and showcases traditional designs and products created from natural dyes.
This e-marketplace will help sell to a broad set of customers, helping weavers to increase their income and earn a sustainable livelihood, while also reviving forgotten Indian art.

January 23

Small Woodbrown butterfly rediscovered in Sikkim after 120 years
The Small Woodbrown butterfly species from Bakhim in Khanchendzonga National Park after a span of 120 long years was discovered in Sikkim.
The Small Woodbrown butterfly was first discovered in Sikkim in 1887 by a scientist named de Nicéville.
Small Woodbrown butterfly rediscovered in Sikkim after 120 years
The Small Woodbrown butterfly, scientifically known as Lethe nicetella is named after its brown-coloured wings patched with white round spots.
It is amongst the smallest members of the genus Lethe, with wings that are up to 50 millimeters long.

Israel, US successfully test ballistic missile interceptors
The Arrow 3 interceptor system, designed to shoot down missiles above the atmosphere, was deployed at air force bases across Israel two years ago.
The system launched toward the target and successfully completed its mission. It is intended to serve as Israel's highest-altitude missile interception system.
The test is a major milestone in the operational capabilities of Israel and its ability to defend itself against current and future threats in the region.

January 24

Israel Successfully Tests Arrow 3 Anti-ballistic Missile System
Israel successfully tested the Arrow 3 missile system from Central Israel;it is done in collaboration with American Missile Defense Agency.
Arrow 3 is considered to be the next step in the defence system,which would help the Israel Military Force to attack their enemies from a greater distance and greater height.
It is a long range anti-ballistic missile.
About Israel:
Prime Minister: Benjamin Netanyahu
Capital: Jerusalem
Currency: Israel New Shekel

Scientists Warn of Climate ''time bomb'' for World’s Groundwater
Scientists warn that if climate change is to have a significant effect on the world’s groundwater reserves, the future generations could be faced with an environmental ''time bomb''
Scientists from Cardiff University and a team of international collaborators have conducted research on groundwater and said that it could take over 100 years for groundwater systems to completely respond to current environment.

ISRO’s first mission of 2019 to put military satellite Microsat-R and Kalamsat-V2
India's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C44) successfully injected Microsat-R and Kalamsat-V2 from the First Launch Pad at SatishDhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota.
The Microsat-R satellite is meant for the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) Purposes.
Kalamsat is a payload developed by students and Chennai based Space Kidz India for the first time.

January 25

Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba Commissioned new Naval Air Base ‘INS KOHASSA’ at Diglipur, Andaman
Navy Chief Admiral Sunil Lanba commissioned new Naval Air Base ‘INS KOHASSA’ at Diglipur, Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
The air base is situated at the northernmost part of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It will be used for both defence and civil aircraft.
INS Kohassa being the third air base in Andaman and Nicobar Islands will be used for surveillance of Chinese ships and submarines entering the Indian Ocean through Malacca Strait.
The probable reason behind INS Kohassa is a Chinese submarine docked on Colombo port in Sri Lanka in 2014 which drew an alarm and India government raised the issue to Sri Lankan authorities.

Online inter-state trade through the e-NAM portal started
The inter-state trade through e-NAM was initiated with the first trade of 8.46 quintal of groundnut between a farmer from GadwalMandi in Telangana and a trader from Kurnool in Andhra Pradesh.
The e-NAM portal has integrated the 585 Regulated markets in 16 states and 2 Union Territories with trading in 124 commodities on the common e-market platform
As of now, 2.29 crores market trades with value more than Rs. 60000 crore has been initiated on the e-NAM portal.
The e-NAM, a pan India electronic trading portal aims to network the existing physical regulated wholesale market also known as APMC market thorough a virtual platform in order to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.

DRDO Launches Long Range Surface to Air Missile Off Odisha Coast
The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully test fired Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LR-SAM) from naval warship INS Chennai.
The test was conducted off the coast of Odisha. The LR-SAM hit a low flying aerial target during the test.
About DRDO:
Chairman: Dr. G. Satheesh Reddy
Established: 1958
Headquarters: New Delhi.

January 26

Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) C44 launched Kalamsat and imaging satellite Microsat Rfrom Sathish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
Imaging satellite Microsat R will be used for military purposes. It is a small Indian earth observation satellite.
Kalamsat is a communication satellite with one kilogram weight and a life span of 2 months.
It is the lightest ever satellite launched by India.
Space Kidz India- a group of college students and the members of a Chennai based organization built Kalamsat.
Kalamsat is the first to use PS4 (the fourth stage of the vehicle) as a platform to orbit around the earth.India thus became the first country, which uses fourth and final stage of a rocket as an orbital platform for experiments.
PSLV C44 is the first launch for the India’s space agency in 2019. ISRO for the first time used only two boosters for the mission which was usually launched without any boosters.
About Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO):
Headquarters- Bengaluru
Director- Kailasavadivoo Sivan

January 27

Roshni, an Android app developed by IIT Ropar helps the visually impaired to recognize Indian currency notes
Students of Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Ropar developed an android app ‘ROSHINI’ for the visually impaired people to identify the denomination of the currency note.
The app will call out denomination of notes once scanned. It will also help in detecting the fake currency.
The user is required to bring the currency note in front of a phone camera, and the app gives audio notification about the denomination of the currency.
The members of IIT Ropar’s lab visited the Chandigarh blind school recently to test the app.
The app is built by Dr. Puneet Goyal, PhD Scholars - Mandhatya Singh and Joohi Chauhan, and a student R. Ram.

Neonatal sepsis on rise in India: AIIMS paper
The issue of neonatal sepsis gained importance as bugs of this infection haunted South-Asia, doctors from AIIMS (All India Institute of Medical Sciences) stated.
The estimates exposed that 16 per thousand live births in India are infected with confirmed neo natal sepsis which is discovered through blood culture test.
What’s more disheartening is that one-third of them die in lack of drugs that worked.
Name of Bugs in South Asia– klebsiella, e.coli, acinetobactor.

BFW, Universal Robots to co-create robots for MSMEs
Bharat Fritz Werner Ltd (BFW), a Bangalore-based machining solution provider, has partnered with Universal Robots, a Danish robot maker and a leader in collaborative robots, to co-create robots for MSME sector.
This partnership between the Danish robot maker and BFW will leverage the productivity in the MSME segment by integration of collaborative robots in manufacturing processes.
By using a modular, flexible and user-friendly integration solution ‘Arjun’, BFW and Universal Robots had planned to redefine production processes for MSME.

Government to launch Technology Mission Centre on Solar Energy & Water Treatment in Chennai
Union Minister for Science & Technology, Earth Sciences and Environment, Forests & Climate Change, Dr. Harsh Vardhan will be launching three important centre’s set up by Department of Science and Technology (DST), nucleated at Indian Institute of Technology, Madras (IITM) on 25th January 2019 at IIT Madras in Chennai.
The first of these is the establishment of DST – IITM Solar Energy Harnessing Centre.
The Centre will focus on a wide range of research and technology development activities such as silicon solar cells that promise high efficiency and are suited for Indian conditions.
The objective is to create a platform that can be extended readily to strengthen the knowledge eco-system
Second in line is the DST-IITM Water – IC for SUTRAM of EASY WATER (DST - IITM Water Innovation Centre for Sustainable Treatment, Reuse and Management for Efficient, Affordable and Synergistic Solutions) which has been established with an aim to undertake synchronized research and training programs on various issues related to wastewater management, water treatment, sensor development, storm water management and distribution and collection systems.
The third one would be the Test bed on solar thermal desalination solutions which are being established by IIT Madras and Empereal KGDS as solution providers in Naripaaiyur, Ramanathapuram District, Tamil Nadu.
The aim to deliver customized technological solutions to address prevalent water challenges in the arid coastal village located on the shores of the Bay of Bengal.

India Tested The New Anti-Radiation Missile NGRAM at Balsore
India tested the new generation anti-radiation missile (NGRAM) which would destroy all the surveillance and radar systems. The missile is launched from Balasore.
The special thing is that the missile has been screened by Sukhoi-30 MKI fighter jet. The new-generation anti-radiation missile (NGRAM) can kill about 100 kilometers away.
The Defense-Research and Development Organization (DRDO) has created this missile from ground to air. DRDO earlier developed supersonic BrahMos cruise missile with Russia.
About DRDO:
Headquarters: New Delhi
Motto: “Strength’s Origin is in Science”

January 28

Earth’s oldest rock found in Moon Sample brought 48 years ago
Scientists discovered the oldest Earth rock on the Moon, it is found from the lunar sample bought by the Apollo 14 astronauts.
Studying the sample, researchers found that, the rock was crystallized about 20 kilometers beneath Earth’s surface.
It estimated that the rock is 4.0 to 4.1 billion yearsold.
Ministry of Defence Launched ‘RDP INDIA 2019' App
As a new initiative in sync with the Digital India campaign of the Government, Ministry of Defence had launched a mobile app 'RDP India 2019
This app contains information about the Parade on Rajpath, New Delhi, including Order of the March, details of the tableaux presented by different States and Ministries, children cultural performances, fly past and names of recipients of PradhanMantriRashtriyaBalPuraskar 2019.

January 30

India's 1st Geographical Indication Store opened in Goa
Union Civil Aviation Minister Suresh Prabhu inaugurates India's 1st Geographical Indication (GI) Store at Goa International Airport in Dabolim.
Union Minister informed that currently there are 270 GI registered products in the country and the store will be a boon for the global tourists.
Those Products from the self-help groups, artisans and farmers' produce will be also displayed on the airport at a concessional rate.
ICAR Launches National Agricultural Higher Education Project (NAHEP)
Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) has launched the National Agricultural Higher Education Project (NAHEP) to attract talent and strengthen higher agricultural education in the country.
The fourth Convention of 2-day "Agrivision-2019" organized by Vidyarthi Kalyan Nyas in Pusa, New Delhi.
The ICAR has recently launched Rs 1100 crore ambitious National Agricultural Higher Education Project (NAHEP) to attract talent and strengthen higher agricultural education in the country.
To enhance the participation of students in agricultural business, READY (Rural Entrepreneurship Awareness Development Yojana) is provided to the UG students

January 31

Power Minister RK Singh lays the foundation stone of Regional testing laboratory of CPRI
Shri R.K. Singh, Union Minister of State (IC) for Power and New & Renewable Energy, Government of India laid the foundation stone of Regional testing laboratory of Central Power Research Institute (CPRI) at Nasik, Maharashtra.
Manufacturers in the western region will be greatly benefited as they can test their products close to their manufacturing units.
Government of India has sanctioned establishing Research and Testing facilities in the western region at Nasik at an outlay of Rs. 115.3 crore.
In addition state of the art facilities are being established for Energy Meter (Both Smart Meter & Conventional Meter) and Transformer Oil.
About CPRI:
CPRI, Autonomous body under Ministry of Power, Govt of India serves as an Independent third party testing laboratory
CPRI has been serving for the past five decades in the field of Testing and Certification, Research, Consultancy, Third Party Inspection services, Training & Vendor Analysis.

‘Superbug gene’ from India found in Arctic
Scientist found a ‘Superbug’,- first detected in New Delhi over a decade back - in one of the last ''pristine'' places on Earth that is some 12,870 km away and coded as blaNDM-1 (called New Delhi Metallo-beta-lactamase-1).
Superbug was discovered in a Norwegian archipelago between mainland Norway and the North Pole - has now confirmed the spread of blaNDM-1.
A total of 131 genes associated with resistance to antibiotics were discovered by the scientists, of which one of the genes first found in New Delhi in 2008.

Scientists Develop Artificial Pancreas Smartphone App For Diabetics
Scientists have developed an artificial pancreas smartphone app that will help in regulating blood sugar levels in diabetes patients.
This app is capable of interfacing wirelessly with glucose monitors, insulin pump devices, and decision-making algorithms.
A clinical trial showed that the artificial pancreas system (iAPS) app is safe.
The app is effective in regulating glucose levels under challenging conditions and is suitable for use in unconstrained environments.