Science & Technology - 2018 NOVEMBER

November 1

Dr. Jithender singh laid the foundation stone of new science centre, the “Technology Facility Centre” (TFC) in Jorhat, Assam.
Union minister of state Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), Dr. Jithender Singh laid the foundation stone of new Science Centre, the “Technology Facility Center” (TFC) in Jorhat, Assam.
For setting up the new Science Centre, the DoNER had allocated Rs. 40 crore for its construction. It would be institutionalized by the Department of Science & Technology and CSIR.

IIT Madras have designed and booted up India’s first indigenously developed microprocessor.
It can be used in mobile computing devices, embedded low power wireless systems besides reducing reliance on imported microprocessors in communications and defence sectors.

NASA retires Kepler Space Telescope
NASA has retired Kepler space telescope after it ran out of fuel needed for further science operations.
This brings end of nine-and-a-half year mission of Kepler space telescope in which it had discovered over 2,600 intriguing exoplanets over its lifetime.
About Kepler Space Telescope:
The unmanned space telescope was launched in 2009 on 3.5-year mission (from 2009 until November 2012), but operated for 9 years.
It was NASA’s first planet-hunting mission.
It used Transit Photometry Detection method for searching for exoplanet, which looked for periodic, Repetitive dips in visible light of stars caused by planets passing or transiting in front of its host star.

India successfully conducted night trial of Agni-I short-range nuclear-capable ballistic missile.
The test flight was conducted by Indian Army’s Strategic Forces Command off Abdul Kalam Island in Bay of Bengal, off the coast of the Indian state of Odisha. The test was second known night time trial of Agni-I since its first such successful test in April 2014.
About Agni-I Missile:
Agni-I is short range nuclear capable surface-to-surface ballistic missile. It is first missile of the Agni series launched in 1983.
It was developed by premier missile development laboratory of DRDO in collaboration with Defence Research Development Laboratory and Research Centre Imarat and integrated by Bharat Dynamics Limited, Hyderabad.

November 2

 First satellite jointly built by China and France.
China has launched an ‘Oceanography satellite 2018’ in October. The China-France Oceanography Satellite (CFOSAT).
The satellite will help Scientists to predict dangerous cyclones and climate change by monitoring ocean surface winds and waves.

Scientists said that the oceans are heating up 60 percent faster.
Scientists from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said that the world’s oceans have absorbed 60% moreheat than previously thought over the last quarter of a century leaving Earth more sensitive still to the effects of climate change. 
The Scientists also said that the world’s oceans have absorbed 90% of the temperature rise caused by man-made carbon emissions. 
About IPCC:
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the international body for assessingthe science related to climate change.
The IPCC was set up in 1988 by the World MeteorologicalOrganization (WMO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to provide policymakerswith regular assessments of the scientific basis of climate change, its impacts future risks, andoptions for adaptation and mitigation.

November 3

 INS Viraat to become a Floating Museum.
The Maharashtra Cabinet has approved the conversion of decommissioned carrier INS Viraat into a floating museum. As per primary estimates, the project worth 852 crore rupees will be implemented through public-private-partnership (PPP).
The decision has been taken to elicit interest among the school and college students in the marine sector. Besides, it will make the new generation familiar with the glorious history of INS Viraat.

 IAMAI forms AR/VR committee to promote technologies in India.
The Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) has formed a new industry expert committee to develop and promote an augmented reality/virtual reality (AR/VR) ecosystem in India. 
The committee is chaired by Namrita Mahindro, Senior General Manager, digital transformation, Mahindra Group and co-chaired by Satyajeet Singh, Head –Strategic Product Partnership, India and South Asia, Facebook.

China launches new high-orbit satellite to boost its BeiDou global satellite navigation system.
This is the first BeiDou-3 satellite in high orbit, nearly 36,000 km above the Earth. It will follow the Earth’s rotation, in a geostationary orbit.
BeiDou global satellite navigation system will be the fourth global satellite navigation system after the US GPS system, Russia’s GLONASS (Global Navigation Satellite System) and the European Union’s Galileo.
About China:
Capital: Beijing 
Currency: Renminbi
Official language: Standard
ChinesePresident: Xi Jinping

World’s longest DNA sequence decoded.
A team of United Kingdom scientists led by Matt Loose at Nottingham University  produced a DNA read that is nearly 10,000 times longer than normal. Also, it is two times larger than the previous record from Australia.
The DNA used for the long read was that of a human. At present, DNA is cut into smaller pieces and then reassembled during the process of sequencing.
Matt Loose’s team recently produced the most complete human genome sequence using a palm-sized “nanopore” sequencing machine. These methods could be used to study cancer genomes, where the DNA gets rearranged.

Railway Ministry launched ‘UTS on Mobile’ facility
The Ministry of Railways has launched the ‘Unreserved Mobile Ticketing’ facility (UTS on Mobile) to enable seamless booking of unreserved tickets in all Zonal Railways.
Now, the booking of unreserved tickets on all non-suburban sections across all Zonal Railways will now be made available on mobile.

November 4

Arunachal Pradesh Tourist Police and the Arunachal Suraksha App to help the citizens during emergencies.
Through Arunachal Suraksha App, users can find the nearest police station and contact details and make direct call to police by pressing a button.
This mobile app is first of its kind for Arunachal Pradesh police. It also has the capacity to send SOS message to emergency contacts.

Indian Railways rolls out All-India Unreserved Mobile Ticketing facility.
Mobile Ticketing shall promote 3C’s- Cashless transactions, Contactless ticketing, and Customer convenience.
Seamless booking of unreserved tickets all over Indian Railways.
Obviate the need for passengers to wait in queues for purchasing the tickets and enhance the experience for booking unreserved tickets – journey, season tickets, platform tickets.

NASA’s Dawn mission to asteroid belt comes to end.
NASA, the U.S space agency, said that its pioneering Dawn spacecraft ran out of fuel, ending an 11-year mission that unravelled many mysteries of our solar system. 
The mission was launched in 2007. 
The mission managers concluded that the spacecraft finally ran out of hydrazine. It was an expected end to the mission, although the spacecraft lasted two years longer than originally planned.

November 5

NDMC launches QR-enabled fridge magnets for digital payment of bills.
New Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC) has launched quick response (QR)-enabled fridge magnets for digital payment of bills.
The magnets are personalized and each customer will have unique QR Code mapped to their consumer account number. It is powered by Sign Catch – an IT and services company.
QR-enabled fridge magnets:
There will be separate magnets provided by the NDMC to its consumers’ doorstep for both electricity and water bills.
Consumers can stick these magnets on their refrigerators at home and use their smartphones to scan QR Code on magnet to pay their bills instantly.

Shakti: IIT Madras develops India’s first indigenous microprocessor.
The researchers from Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) have designed India’s first indigenous microprocessor called ‘Shakti’.
About Shakti Microprocessor:
It was designed, developed and booted by IIT Madras with microchip fabricated in ISRO’s Semi-Conductor Laboratory at Chandigarh.
It will reduce dependency on imported microchips especially in communication and defence sectors and thus eliminate risk of cyber-attacks.
It can be used in mobile computing, wireless and networking systems. It may also provide power to mobile phones, smart meters and surveillance cameras.
About Parashakthi Microprocessor:
IITM researchers are now conducting research on ‘Parashakti’, an advanced microprocessor for supercomputers.
 It will be super scaler processor that will be ready by December 2018. It will have its applications in desktops and 32 such interconnected microprocessors may be used in supercomputers.

Offshore patrol vessel ICGS Varaha launched from a corporate shipyard near Chennai.
Indian Coast Guard has launched a new offshore patrol vessel named ICGS Varaha from a corporate shipyard near Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
 ICGS Varaha has been designed and built indigenously. This is the 3rd vessel in a series of 7 similar ships to be handed over to the Coast Guard. All the vessels would be delivered by March 2021.
ICGS Varaha will be soon equipped with advanced navigation and communication equipment, sensors and machineries.
About Indian Coast Guard:
Director General: Rajendra Singh
Headquarters: New Delhi.

November 6

Odisha Government launched Aerospace and Defence Manufacturing Policy 2018.
The policy is aimed to carry forward process of industrialization through promotion of aerospace and defence manufacturing enterprises, generate employment opportunities and promote value addition.

Artificial Intelligence (AI) bot ClaRAN has been taught by researchers to identify galaxies in deep space.
The AI bot named ClaRAN used to recognize faces on Facebook.
It has been trained to scan images taken by radia telescope. It can spot radio galaxies- galaxies that emit powerful radio jets from super massive black holes at their centres.

China unveils replica of its first permanently crewed space station
China has unveiled a replica of its first permanently crewed space station, which would replace the international community's orbiting laboratory, ISS.
The 17-metre core module was a star attraction at the biennial Airshow China in the southern coastal city of Zhuhai.
Three astronauts will be permanently stationed in the 60-tonne orbiting lab, which will enable the crew to conduct biological and microgravity research.
Assembly is expected to be completed around 2022 and the station would have a lifespan of around 10 years.
WCD launches online portal to promote women farmers and entrepreneurs.
The Women and Child Development Ministry has set up an online marketing portal "Mahila-E-Haat” for unique organic products of the women farmers and entrepreneurs from across the country, besides serving as an e-platform to bring them together and promote and celebrate their achievements.
The portal Mahila-E-Haat was launched ahead of the "Women of India National Organic Festival, 2018" which was organised by the ministry to promote women entrepreneurs.

China unveils 'most advanced' stealth drone
China has unveiled its new-generation stealth combat Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) - CH7, stated to be the most advanced drone developed so far by the country.
The UAV - CH7 was unveiled at the Air Show China 2018 in Zhuhai, South China's Guangdong Province.

November 10

Indian Army inducts K9 Vajra, M777 howitzers guns
Indian Army inducted new artillery guns and equipment, including K9 Vajra and M777 howitzers, at Deolali artillery centre in Nashik, Maharashtra. The induction ceremony took place in the presence of Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and Army chief General Bipin Rawat.
Besides, M777 American Ultra Light Howitzers and the K-9 Vajra, the third gun system inducted is the ‘Composite Gun Towing Vehicle’ for towing some of the existing guns in service with the country. The guns have a range of 30 km.
India, Singapore bilateral naval exercise 'SIMBEX 2018' begins
The 25th edition of SIMBEX, “Singapore-India Maritime Bilateral Exercise” is scheduled to be held from November 10-21, 2018 in the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal.
The 2018 edition marks the silver jubilee of SIMBEX. To mark the historical occasion, the navies of both nations are undertaking exercises over an extended geography.

November 11

NASA probe set to visit Jupiter’s Trojan asteroids
NASA’s Ralph – a space instrument that has travelled as far as Pluto – is set to explore Jupiter’s Trojan asteroids, which are remnants from the early days of the solar system.
Ralph was first launched aboard the New Horizons spacecraft in 2006 and obtained stunning flyby images of Jupiter and its moons. This was followed by a visit to Pluto where Ralph took the first high-definition pictures of the iconic minor planet.
In 2021, Ralph is set to journey with the Lucy mission to Jupiter’s Trojan asteroids.

IIT researchers develop carbon nanomaterials for simultaneous detection, destruction of cancer cells
Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee, have developed fluorescent carbon nanodots for simultaneous detection and destruction of cancer cells.
The nanosized (10-9 metre) carbon materials that can serve as therapeutic and diagnostic agents for cancer have been extracted from the leaves of the rosy periwinkle plant.

Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman inducts K9 Vajra, M777 howitzer guns into Army in Nashik, Maharashtra
Three major artillery gun systems, including the M777 American Ultra Light Howitzers and the K-9 Vajra, will be formally inducted into the Indian Army at Deolali in Maharashtra.
This comes amid the defence ministry increasing the financial powers of the Vice Chiefs of the three defence services by five times more than the existing powers, to improve operational preparedness by building up the arms and ammunition reserves.

November 13

SpiNNaker: World’s Largest Brain-Like Supercomputer Switched On For First Time
Spiking Neural Network Architecture (SpiNNaker) machine, the world’s largest supercomputer designed to work like the human brain has been switched on for the first time.
SpiNNaker World's Largest Brain-Like Supercomputer Switched On For First Timei. It has a million-processor-core. It can complete over 200 million actions per second. Each of its chips have 100 million transistors.
It has been designed and built in the University of Manchester in the United Kingdom. It can model more biological neurons in real time than any other machine.
It follows the massively parallel communication architecture of the brain to send information simultaneously to thousands of destinations.

IIT-Madras develops portable cold storage device
The Indian Institute of Technology-Madras has developed a portable solar-powered cold storage device with a 500 kg capacity for storing vegetables, and fruits, among other items.
The device will help farmers store their produce for sufficient time so that it does not get spoilt before it is sold, thereby preventing wastage of agricultural produce.
The first unit of the device, which provides storage facility with temperature ranging between four and 10 degree celsius, was deployed at a farm in Madurantakam in Kancheepuram district, around 80 km from Chennai.

November 14

NASA to send organs-on-chips to space
NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) has planned to send tissue chips or organs-on-chips, to the International Space Station (ISS) to test their response to stress, drugs and genetic changes.
The tissue chips are small devices containing human cells in a 3D matrix. They are made of flexible plastic. They have ports and channels to provide nutrients and oxygen to the cells inside them.
This “Tissue Chips in Space” initiative will help to understand the role of microgravity on human health and disease.
NASA is planning the investigations in collaboration with: Center for the Advancement of Science in Space (CASIS) and the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS) at the National Institutes for Health (NIH).

ISRO plans Venus mission for 2023, invites international payloads
The Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) has invited international proposals for scientific payloads for its second interplanetary mission to Venus in mid-2023, which is planned within a year of the first planned human spaceflight mission in 2022.
India will send 12 scientific payloads aboard the satellite for the Venus mission, including a thermal camera, mass spectrometer and cloud monitoring camera.
The final spacecraft is likely to have a payload capacity of close to 100 kg, with 500W of power.
The satellite is likely to be launched into a highly-inclined orbit of 500x60,000 km around Venus.

ISRO Launches GSAT-29 Communication Satellite From Satish Dhawan Space Centre
GSAT-29 communication satellite, which is being carried by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)’s Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV-Mk III) was launched into space.
The satellite aims at solving the communication barriers faced by Village Resource Centres (VRCs), which are responsible for providing space-based services to ISRO from rural areas.
The launch took place from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. The GSAT-29 is a communication satellite with a weight of 3,423 kg. According to ISRO, this will be the second developmental flight of GSLV-Mk III rocket with a rated carrying capacity of four tonnes. GSAT-19 was the first of the series that was sent up into the orbit in June 2017.

India represented by INS Rana at Surabaya in Navy Bilateral Exercise between Indian Navy – Indonesian Navy, ‘Samudra Shakti’.
To strengthen bilateral relations, expand maritime co-operation, enhance interoperability and exchange best practices.
India is represented by: INS Rana of the Eastern Fleet based at Visakhapatnam under the Eastern Naval Command.

November 15

INDO - Russian joint exercise INDRA 2018
The joint military exercise between Indian and Russia EXERCISE INDRA 2018 on combating insurgency under the aegis of United Nations (UN) is being conducted at Babina Field Firing Ranges, Babina Military Station.
Company sized contingents of the 5th Army of the Russian Federation and a Mechanised Infantry Battalion of Republic of India will participate in the training exercise spanning for eleven days including induction and de-induction of the Russian contingent. The training will be supervised by a joint directing panel comprising of senior officials of both the national contingents.

November 16

India Post launches e-commerce portal
India Post announced the soft launch of its e-commerce portal.
The Department of Posts has been focussing on e-commerce sector to increase its revenue receipts. The Department facilitates has collected and remitted more than Rs 2,700 crore under cash-on-delivery till January 2018 since its introduction in December 2013.

Indian Navy Completes Refit of Maldivian Coast Guard Ship Huravee
Indian Navy successfully completed Maldivian Coast Guard Ship (MCGS) Huravee refit at the naval dockyard Visakhapatnam and it was handed over to its Commanding Officer Major Mohamed Jamshad.
The MCGS Huravee was originally commissioned as INS Tillanchang, a Trinkat-class patrol vessel built by the Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers, Kolkata in March 2001. Subsequently, it was gifted to Maldives by the Government of India in April 2006 to strengthen the strategic partnership between the two nations and work together to ensure the maritime safety of the Indian Ocean Region.

November 17

Scientists unanimously voted to redefine Kilogram
Scientists unanimously voted to redefine Kilogram, retiring the 130 year old platinum alloy cylinder conceived in Paris in 1889. Redefined by the Planck constant, the new system determines the unit of mass through the electrical force needed to counteract the weight of a kilogram on a Kibble balance.
The changes will come into effect from May 20, 2019, World Metrology Day.

November 18

China builds an ‘artificial sun’ that reaches temperatures six times that of Sun
China has built an ‘artificial sun’ that reaches 100 million °C, 6 times the temperature of Sun’s core of 15 million °C.
Scientists from China’s Institute of Plasma Physics announced that plasma in their Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak (EAST) also called the “artificial sun”, reached 100 million °C, the temperature required to perform nuclear fusion on Earth.
The EAST reactor has been designed to replicate processes happening at the Sun to turn hydrogen into cost-effective green energy.
EAST is 11 metres tall. It has a diameter of 8 metres. It weighs nearly 360 tonnes.

November 19

China completed the deployment of its indigenously developed BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) 
China completed the deployment of its indigenously developed BeiDou Navigation Satellite System (BDS) constellation with the successful launch of 2 more satellites.
The two satellites were launched into space on a Long March-3B carrier rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in Sichuan Province, China. The satellites entered a medium earth orbit over 3 hours after the launch.
They will work with 17 other BDS-3 satellites already in space. BDS competes with the United States’ Global Positioning System (GPS). It will start providing services to countries participating in the Belt and Road Initiative by December 2018.

November 20

GROWTH-India telescope’s first science observation
The 0.7 m GROWTH-India telescope located at Indian Astronomical Observatory in Hanle, Ladakh has made its first observation which is a follow-up study of a nova explosion.
The GROWTH-India is a part of multi-country collaborative initiative known as Global Relay of Observatories Watching Transients Happen (GROWTH) to observe transient events in the Universe.
Universities and Research Institutes of USA, Japan, India, Germany, Taiwan, UK and Israel are part of this Initiative.
GROWTH-India is India’s first fully robotic telescope designed to capture cosmic events.

NSE launches mobile app, web platform for retail investors to buy G-Secs
National Stock Exchange of India (NSE) launched a mobile app NSE goBID and web based platform for retail investors to buy government securities.
Ajay Tyagi, Chairman of Securities and Exchange Board of India(SEBI) launched the NSE goBID App.
This platform will allow investors to invest in treasury bills (T-Bills) of 91, 182 and 364 days and government bonds from one year to almost 40 years.
National Stock Exchange Headquarter: Mumbai
NSE Chairman: Mr Ashok Chawla
NSE Managing Director& CEO: Mr. Vikram Limaye

NASA to land Mars 2020 rover on Red Planet where signs of past life are high
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Nasa) has selected a landing site for its Mars 2020 rover.
The space agency has chosen Jezero Crater delta for the rover's landing site. The delta hold sediments that contain clays and carbonates.
Jezero Crater is 45 km in size. It is located on the western edge of Isidis Planitia which is a giant impact basin just north of Martian equator.

November 21

Indo-US joint military exercise 'Vajra Prahar' commences in Jaipur
The 12-day long joint military exercise between India and the United States known as 'Vajra Prahar' commenced in Jaipur.
A contingent of the United States Pacific Commander arrived at Mahajan Field Firing Ranges for undertaking Joint training with the Indian Special Forces.
The US contingent comprises of one officer and 10 other ranks from the Special Forces Group.
The United States Special Forces will carry out rigorous joint training in semi-desert and rural terrain to enhance the interoperability of the two armed forces and further the military to military co-operation.

Union Minister Suresh Prabhu launches AirSewa 2.0 web portal and mobile app
Union Minister of Civil Aviation and Commerce & Industry, Suresh Prabhu, and Minister of State for Civil Aviation, Jayant Sinha launched the upgraded version of AirSewa 2.0 web portal and mobile app, in New Delhi.
AirSewa 2.0 will address air passengers’ grievances like flight delays, problem in a refund, long queues and complaints of lost baggage.
Features included are: secure sign-up and log-in with social media, chatbot for travelers support, improved grievance management including social media grievances, real-time flight status and flight schedule, etc.

November 22

World's first total-body scanner produces 3D human images
World’s first medical imaging scanner “Explorer” that can capture a 3D picture of the whole human body at once in 20-30 seconds, has produced its first scans.
Explorer has been developed by scientists from the University of California – Davis in the US in partnership with Shanghai-based United Imaging Healthcare (UIH).
It is a combined positron emission tomography (PET) and X-ray computed tomography (CT) scanner that can image the entire body at the same time.

Standard definitions of kilogram, Ampere, Kelvin and mole changed after 130 years
The world’s standard definition of the kilogram (kg), the Ampere (A), the Kelvin (K), and the mole has been changed, after 130 years.
The changes were done after representatives from 60 countries voted to redefine the International System of Units (SI) for weight, current, temperature and amount of chemical substance.
This decision was made at the General Conference on Weights and Measures in Versailles, France, organized by International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) in France.
Now, all SI units will be defined in terms of constants that describe the natural world. The changes will come into effect on May 20, 2019.
The definition of the kilogram, the International Prototype of the Kilogram (IPK), a cylinder of a platinum alloy stored at BIPM will be replaced by the Planck constant – the fundamental constant of quantum physics.

Elon Musk renames Big Falcon Rocket to ‘Starship’
SpaceX CEO Elon Musk has announced that he is changing the name of “BFR” rocket to “Starship.”
This rocket aims to carry people to the Moon and also to the Mars one day. BFR was referred as the “Big Falcon Rocket.”
The rocket is 387-foot tall. It has a first stage with engines and fuel systems, which will be called the “Super Heavy.”
Passengers will ride in the second stage of “Starship”. The estimated cost of the rocket system is USD 5 billion.

November 23

Google begins rolling out 'Neighbourly' Q&A app across Indian cities
Google’s Next Billion Users (NBU) has announced the rollout of its Neighbourly app across India.
The app, which helps people by sourcing local information from their neighbors, will be first launched in Delhi and Bangalore and the tech giant plans to cover major cities like Chennai, Hyderabad, Pune, and Kolkata over the next few weeks.
The full-fledged app offers services in 8 vernacular languages and is a targeted app with a geographic radius between 1 to 5 km.

IIT Hyderabad Scientists Develop Smartphone-Based Sensors To Detect Milk Adulteration
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Hyderabad researchers are developing a Smart Phone-based sensoring system to detect adulteration in milk. As a first step, the IIT Hyderabad team has developed a detector system to measure the acidity of milk through design of an indicator paper that changes color according to the acidity of the milk.
They have also developed algorithms that can be incorporated on to a mobile phone to accurately detect the color change.The study results have been published in the November 2018 issue of Food Analytical Methods journal.
The research was undertaken by a team led by Prof Shiv Govind Singh, Department of Electrical Engineering, IIT Hyderabad.

Morocco launches second earth observation satellite 'Mohammed VI-B'
Morocco launched its second earth observation satellite, Mohammed VI-B, from French Guiana, the second in a year.
Its first satellite, Mohammed VI-A, was launched on November 8, 2017, by the Vega rocket from the same Kourou space centre.Both satellites can take very high-resolution images.
The Mohammed VI-B was the second satellite of Morocco's ambitious space program the first in Africa that was launched in 2013 by King Mohammed VI, after whom the satellites are named.
Morocco is being assisted in the realisation of this five-year programme by France's Thales Arianespace and Airbus.
Both satellites will be operated by Moroccan engineers and technicians who have benefited from long, specialized training, both in Morocco and abroad.

November 24

MIT Scientists fly first - ever silent Plane with no moving parts
Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA have created the first ever ‘Ion Drive’ plane with no moving part by adapting a technology that is previously used in Spacecraft.
Due to absence of moving parts, the plane will not produce any harmful exhaust. The Maintenance cost will also reduce and the plane will not create any noise.
Ion Drives work by firing out a stream of charged particles which will propel the vessel forward. Ion drives have been used in spacecraft since 1960s.
The research will pave the way for the possibility of silent drones in the near future. The research can be the first step towards the revolution of aviation industry.

Scientists discover new “Pinwheel” Star System
An International team of scientists has discovered a massive star system in the Milky Way Galaxy that challenges the existing theories related to the death of big stars.
The star system described in the journal “Nature” is around 8000 light years away from earth and adorned with a dust “pinwheel” strangely moving with a slower speed.

November 25

IMD develops technology to assess rise of water level in rivers, reservoirs by rain
India Meteorological Department(IMD) has developed new technology called ‘Impact Based Forecasting Approach’ to assess rise of water level in rivers and reservoirs by rain.
It shows pre-event scenario will help state governments authorities to minutely monitor impact of rainfall and take real-time decisions.
It will help to avoid disastrous situation similar to Kerala floods. It can generate scenario to help take decisions to release water or not from reservoirs after heavy downpour.
It will be helpful for every state authority to take decision. This system can be run in pre-event scenario.
Russia to venture into Internet of things with new satellite system
Roscosmos, or Russia's state space corporation, has planned to venture into the Internet of things (IoT) with the launch of a new satellite system named 'Marathon'.
A report released by the Moscow-based space agency stated that the new satellite system will be a part of Russia's Sphere satellite constellation, which will be fully established by 2026.
The federation's GLONASS navigation, a satellite communication system and a data relay satellite set-up will be the other equipment in the constellation. The number of satellites in the Marathon system have not been revealed yet.

November 26

NASA and SpaceX to prepare historic test flight to space
NASA is all geared up to send humans for the first time in eight years through SpaceX Crew Dragon. As part of the preparation, the space agency will first shoot out a test flight on January 7.
The SpaceX Crew Dragon can seat three astronauts, but will be unpiloted for its first test flight which will be launched from NASA's Kennedy Space Center, Florida. It will undergo an in-flight abort test sometime before its first crewed flight in June.
NASA astronauts Bob Behnken and Doug Hurley will be the first two astronauts to test the commercial spaceflight.

Government launches PAISA Portal under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana
Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs launched ‘PAISA’ – Portal for Affordable Credit and Interest Subvention access during National Workshop on Municipal Finance and Urban Planning held in New Delhi.
PAISA Portal is centralised electronic platform for quicker processing of loans under the Deendayal AntyodayaYojana – National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAYNULM).
It aims to connect directly with beneficiaries and ensure there is greater efficiency in the delivery of services. It has been designed and developed by Allahabad Bank, the nodal bank under the scheme.

India’s first mobile phone for kids - STAR by Easyfone
The feature phone maker Easyfone launched “Easyfone Star”, India’s first mobile phone for kids to help them be safer and connected to parents at Rs. 3490.
eNovus enterprises is the maker of the Easyfone brand. The Phone comes with a lot of safety features which is never seen in India before. Some of the feature of the phone includes restricting calls to only pre-configured numbers, GPS which allows parents to track their child and SOS key which allows children to get quick help in emergency.

November 27

NASA’s InSight successfully lands on Mars
NASA’s latest Mars lander, InSight, successfully touched down on the surface of the Red Planet this afternoon, surviving an intense plunge through the Martian atmosphere.
NASA's InSight spacecraft landed on Mars after nearly a 7 months, 458-million-kilometre journey, and a 6.5-minute parachuted descent through the Red Planet's atmosphere.
The 360-kg lander also shared its first photo from Mars, showing an area called Elysium Planitia, where it will dig five meters below the surface. The $993-million mission will measure the Mars' internal heat and study quakes.

Health Ministry launches a new state-of-the art Information Platform to monitor public health surveillance
Preeti Sudan, Union Health Secretary did soft-launch of the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) segment of Integrated Health Information Platform (IHIP) in seven states.
The path-breaking initiative will provide near-real-time data to policy makers for detecting outbreaks, reducing the morbidity and mortality and lessening disease burden in the populations and better health systems.
The first one-of-its-kind initiative by the Government of India, IHIP uses the latest technologies and digital health initiatives.

November 28

Sashastra Seema Bal to patrol Dudhwa tiger reserve
Dudhwa Tiger Reserve (DTR) (Uttar Pradesh)and Sashastra Seema Bal have joined hands to provide security to Dudhwa forests and its rich wildlife.
It was part consensus reached among all security agencies including SSB, central and local intelligence officers, customs and excise officials, Special Tiger Protection
Force and DTR’s held staff to discuss issues involving safety of Dudhwa forests and its wildlife.
The joint long route patrolling comprising SSB, STPF and DTR staff will help to strengthen patrolling in and around Dudhwa to check forest and wildlife crimes.

Scientists mull stratospheric barrier to curb global warming
Scientists at the Harvard University designed a geo- engineering technique known as Stratospheric Aerosol Injection (SAI ) which might half the rate of global warming.
This would consist of spraying sulphate particles above the earth at an altitude of 20km creating a shield against sunlight.
The hypothetical process can be deployed with estimated cost of $2.25 billion a year over a 15-year period.

Raksha Mantri Launches ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’
Raksha Mantri Smt Nirmala Sitharaman has formally launched ‘Mission Raksha Gyan Shakti’, in New Delhi.
The event showcased salient inventions and innovations achieved by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), Defence Public Sector Undertakings (DPSUs) and Ordnance Factories (OFs) which have resulted in the successful filing of Intellectual Property Right (IPR) applications.
As part of the ongoing initiatives to enhance self-reliance in defence, the Department of Defence Production has instituted a new framework titled ‘Mission Raksha GyanShakti’ which aims to provide a boost to the IPR culture in the indigenous defence industry.

November 29

IIT-Bombay graduates launch India’s first advanced personal robot for kids
Graduates of Indian Institute of Technology – Bombay (IIT-B) who are Co-founders of a start-up called Emotix have launched India’s first advanced personal robot Miko 2 for Kids.
Miko 2 is India’s first advanced robot that can see, hear, sense, express, talk, recognize faces, remember names, Identify moods and initiate a conversation. It learns from its own environment to develop a bond with the child.

MIT's smart toilet detects cancer, diabetes through urine
Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and European space agency along with Sanitation Specialists have developed Smart toilet named “FitLoo” which can detect diseases like Cancer and Diabetes by screening the Urine and directly shares the data on users’ smartphone.
The Smart Toilet ‘FitLoo’ is based on the automated sample testing technology used by astronauts at International Space Station (ISS).
The toilet will screen Human Urine for the presence of extra proteins and glucose with the help of sensors located inside the bowl.

UGC To Set Up a Consortium For Approved Journals
University Grants Commission, UGC has decided to set up a Consortium of Academic and Research Ethics (CARE) which will prepare a fresh list of credible quality journals in the non-science disciplines.
The percentage of research articles published in poor quality journals is reported to be high in India which has adversely affected its image. CARE will be headed by the UGC Vice Chairman.

November 30

India-UK naval exercise Konkan-18 begins in Goa
Konkan-2018, the joint naval exercise by the Indian Navy and the Royal Navy, began off Goa and will continue up to December 6.
Naval cooperation between India and the United Kingdom is based on the long-term strategic relationship between both countries. Both Navies have, over the years, undertaken bilateral activities such as training exchanges and technical cooperation.
The bilateral Konkan exercise provides a platform for the two Navies to periodically exercise at sea and in the harbour, so as to build interoperability and share best practices.

PSLV-C43 launched successfully with HySIS and 30 foreign satellites
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched a Hyper Spectral Imaging Satellite (HySIS), an earth observation satellite along with 30 foreign commercial satellites from Sriharikota launch centre in Andhra Pradesh.
The satellites were launched through Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C43) from the first launch pad of the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota. This was the 45th launch flight of the polar satellite launch vehicle (PSLV) rocket.
HySIS is an earth observation satellite developed by ISRO. It is the primary satellite of the PSLV-C43 mission. The mass of the satellite is about 380 kg.

World’s first gene-edited babies created in China, claims scientist
He Jiankui, a Chinese scientist announced creation of the world’s first genetically edited babies at Hong kong, China.
The announcement was made at the Second International Summit on Human Genome Editing in Hong Kong, China.
He sought to disable a gene called CCR5 that forms a protein doorway that allows HIV, the virus that causes Aids, to enter a cell. He is an associate professor at the Southern University of Science and Technology in Shenzhen.