Science & Technology - 2019 August

August 15

The Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB) has proposed a new scheme called Supra with the sole objective of funding exploration of new scientific engineering breakthroughs with global impact. The Supra (or Scientific and Useful Profound Research Advancement) scheme is designed to attract high quality research proposals consisting of new hypotheses or challenge to provide ‘out-of-box’ solutions. The SERB is a statutory body under the Department of Science and Technology (DST) to promote and fund research in different scientific disciplines.

Greenland has been melting faster in the last decade and this summer, it has seen two of the biggest melts on record since 2012.NASA scientists are crisscrossing Greenland on a mission to track melting ice. Global warming is the chief culprit, but scientists want to know how this is happening. A team of scientists and engineers aboard a research plane this week are dropping probes into the ice to help figure out which is the bigger cause. If water is playing a bigger role than scientists had thought, that could mean seas will be rising faster than expected. Greenland, lost billions of tons of ice daily in the summer.

August 14

The researchers from IIT Madras have developed a multi-modal robot ‘GraspMan’. GraspMan consists a pair of graspers, which provide morphological adaptation, enabling it to conform to the geometry of the object being grasped. This allows the grasper to hold objects securely and manipulate it much like the human hand.

The Governor of the State of Telangana, ESL Narasimhan inaugurated India’s first Space Science Museum in Hyderabad to mark the Golden Jubilee of the Birla Archaeological and Cultural Research Institute BACRI. It is a collaborative effort between the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) and the B M Birla Science Centre. This museum exhibits scale models of Indian Launch vehicles GSLV Mark III, GSLV Mark II and PSLV, Chandrayaan-1, Mars Orbiter spacecraft, APPLE, Aryabhata, Bhaskara, Rohini RS-1 and a model of the International Space Station Presently, 24 exhibits are on display to encourage young minds to explore Space Science and Technology.

August 1

IIT Kharagpur research team has developed a technology which can generate energy from solid waste with high moisture content. The Hydro Thermal Carbonization (HTC) - can convert municipal solid waste to bio-fuel, soil amendment and absorbents. It converts organic fraction of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) into Hydrochar by using a batch reactor. The moisture in the waste is used to the advantage of the process which uses water for the reaction. The process has increased the resource recovery yield to 50-65% of urban organic waste.

Apollo Hospitals and Microsoft India have partnered to set up a National Clinical Coordination Committee (NCCC), which will guide the two entities on all cardiology and cardiovascular related Artificial Intelligence (AI) projects. The committee will work for the AI-powered Cardiovascular Disease Risk Score API. It will have members drawn from Apollo Hospitals, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi; and King George’s Medical University, Lucknow.