Science & Technology - 2017 JANUARY

January 1

Gujarat CM dedicates India’s first laser technology-based check-post.
Gujarat chief minister Vijay Rupani launched India’s first laser technology-based advanced AVMS RTO check-post and also laid foundation stones of various developmental works worth Rs. 30 crore at Shamlaji of Aravalli district in Gujarat.
This new check-post is equipped with advanced ray technology with a cost of Rs. 4.72 crore.
All the check-posts in the state will be made advanced, automatic and transparent with a cost of Rs. 35 crore during next financial year.The income from this check posts will be used for welfare of poor, deprived and last-person of the state.

Russia Delivers 4 Sukhoi Su-35 Fighter Jets to China after Two-Year Delay.
Russia finally delivered 4 Sukhoi Su-35 Fighter Jets to China on December 25, 2016, after a delay of two years. The Su-35 is an advanced version of the Su-30s operated by the Indian Air force.
Moscow cited the reason for delay to the fear that its fifth generation jet will lose value in Chinese Market once Chinese military commissioned its J-20 stealth fighter. Russia did not change its stance on the export of the Su-35 until the J-20 fighter was unveiled.
While China has made advances in manufacturing of new type of fighter jets, it is still dependent on Russia for engines as well as avionics. Russia has been selling some of its advanced weaponry to China in recent years to overcome economic crisis.

Leap Second added to Indian Clock to Synchronize with Earth’s Spin.
An extra second was added to the Indian clock at 5:29.59 hours at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL).
The ‘leap second’ was added to the Indian clock to synchronize the Indian Standard Time (IST) with the Earth’s Rotational Clock. The atomic clock was programmed to add an extra second to 2017 to compensate for a slowdown in the Earth’s rotation.
Addition of the leap second to the Indian clock is done by the NPL under the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. The NPL, one of the oldest laboratories in the country, has five atomic clocks and nearly 300 such pieces exist across the globe.

Image of world’s most powerful Rocket Falcon Heavy shared by SpaceX.
Space Exploration Technologies Corporation or SpaceX has released a new teaser.
Image of the world’s most powerful rocket Falcon Heavy rocket which will ferry a crewed Red Dragon capsule on Mars in 2018.
Falcon Heavy rocket have the ability to lift over 54 metric tons (119,000 lbs) into orbit, which is equivalent to 737 jetliners loaded with passengers, crew, luggage and fuel.
This rocket is designed to carry humans into space and it restores the possibility of flying missions with a crew to the Moon or Mars.

January 2

India successfully test-fires intercontinental ballistic missile Agni-IV.
India successfully test fired the nuclear-capable Agni-IV ballistic missile from the Abdul Kalam Island off the Odisha coast.
The missile was launched at about 11.50 a.m., from a mobile launcher off the Balasore coast.This is sixth test of the missile and second user associate launch.
The two-stage solid-propelled, surface-to-surface ballistic missile is designed to carry a 1-tonne payload to a distance of 4,000 km.
The test comes within a week of the successful test firing of Agni-V intercontinental ballistic missile.

MUI Launches Android App for Indian Merchant Navy Officers.
Country’s oldest union, the Maritime Union of India (MUI), representing Indian Merchant Navy Officers since 1939, has launched an android based mobile app named MUI.
The app was launched in the presence of MPs Kirit Somaiya (Mumbai North-East constituency) and Gajendra Singh Shekhawat (Jodhpur).
The app will help Indian merchant navy officers to share, comment, knowledge, latest updates, and also engage in video chats to bolster the growth of skilled Indian seafarers working aboard specialized cargo ships across the globe

District Administration of Ludhiana develops Mobile App for Election Commission of India.
The District Administration of Ludhianahas developed a mobile application named ''ECI360'' for the benefit of voters, candidates, election staff as well as the Election Commission of India (ECI).
The App has been developed by Harpreet Singh Chandoke on behalf of the district administration and deputy commissioner Ravi Bhagat.
The ECI360 will help bring transparency and accountability regarding the elections and voting.
Besides, a web-based application, RoNET, was also developed to be used by ECI, CEO, DEO and RO that would enable the candidates to know what exactly they are required to do and when without the burden of creating an additional reporting forum.

January 4

Power Minister Piyush Goyal Launches Mobile APP and Web Portal on UDAY. 
Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Power, Coal & New and Renewable Energy and Mines, Piyush Goyal launched the Web Portal and the Mobile App for Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) scheme
Aim: The main objective of the Portal and App would be to protect the state power distribution companies suffering financial losses and to boost their operational revenues.
The Government of India started the Ujwal DISCOM Assurance Yojana (UDAY) scheme in November 2015 to improve the operational and financial turnaround of the state power distribution companies (DISCOMS).