Science & Technology - 2018 NOVEMBER

November 1

Dr. Jithender singh laid the foundation stone of new science centre, the “Technology facility centre” (TFC) in Jorhat, Assam.
Union minister of state Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), Dr. Jithender Singh laid the foundation stone of new Science Centre, the “Technology Facility Center” (TFC) in Jorhat, Assam.
For setting up the new Science Centre, the DoNER had allocated Rs. 40 crore for its construction. It would be institutionalized by the Department of Science & Technology and CSIR.
About Assam:
Capital: Dispur
CM: Sarbananda sonowal
Governor: Jagdish Mukhi

IIT Madras have designed and booted up India’s first indigenously developed microprocessor.
It can be used in mobile computing devices, embedded low power wireless systems besides reducing reliance on imported microprocessors in communications and defence sectors.
About Tamil Nadu:
Capital: Chennai

CM: E.Palaniswamy
Governor: Banwarilal Purohit

NASA retires Kepler Space Telescope.
NASA has retired Kepler space telescope after it ran out of fuel needed for further science operations.
This brings end of nine-and-a-half year mission of Kepler space telescope in which it had discovered over 2,600 intriguing exoplanets over its lifetime.
About Kepler Space Telescope:
The unmanned space telescope was launched in 2009 on 3.5-year mission (from 2009 until November 2012), but operated for 9 years.
It was NASA’s first planet-hunting mission.
It used Transit Photometry Detection method for searching for exoplanet, which looked for periodic, Repetitive dips in visible light of stars caused by planets passing or transiting in front in front of its host star.

India successfully conducted night trial of Agni-I short-range nuclear-capable ballistic missile.
The test flight was conducted by Indian Army’s Strategic Forces Command off Abdul Kalam Island in Bay of Bengal, off the coast of the Indian state ofthe Indian state of Odisha. The test was second known nighttime trial of Agni-I since its first such successful test in April 2014.
About Agni-I Missile:
Agni-I is short range nuclear capable surface-to-surface ballistic missile. It is first missile of the Agni series launched in 1983.
It was developed by premier missile development laboratory of DRDO in collaboration with Defence Research Development Laboratory and Research Centre Imarat and integrated by Bharat Dynamics Limited, Hyderabad.

November 2

 First satellite jointly built by China and France.
China has launched an ‘Oceanography satellite 2018’ in October. The China-France Oceanography Satellite (CFOSAT).
The satellite will help Scientists to predict dangerous cyclones and climate change by monitoring ocean surface winds and waves.

Scientists said that the oceans are heating up 60 percent faster.
Scientists from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) said that the world’s oceans have absorbed 60% moreheat than previously thought over the last quarter of a century leaving Earth more sensitive still to the effects of climate change. 
The Scientists also said that the world’s oceans have absorbed 90% of the temperature rise caused by man-made carbon emissions. 
About IPCC:
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the international body for assessingthe science related to climate change.
The IPCC was set up in 1988 by the World MeteorologicalOrganization (WMO) and United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to provide policymakerswith regular assessments of the scientific basis of climate change, its impacts future risks, andoptions for adaptation and mitigation.

November 3

 INS ViraatTo Become A Floating Museum.
The Maharashtra Cabinet has approved the conversion of decommissioned carrier INS Viraat into a floating museum. As per primary estimates, the project worth 852 crore rupees will be implemented through public-private-partnership (PPP).
The decision has been taken to elicit interest among the school and college students in the marine sector. Besides, it will make the new generation familiar with the glorious history of INS Viraat.
About Maharashtra:
Capital: Mumbai.
Chief Minister: DevendraFadnavis.
Governor: C. VidyasagarRao.

 IAMAI Forms AR/VR Committee To Promote Technologies in India.
The Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) has formed a new industry expert committee to develop and promote an augmented reality/virtual reality (AR/VR) ecosystem in India. 
The committee is chaired by Namrita Mahindro, Senior General Manager, digital transformation, Mahindra Group and co-chaired by Satyajeet Singh, Head –Strategic Product Partnership, India and South Asia, Facebook.

China launches new high-orbit satellite to boost its BeiDou global satellite navigation system.
This is the first BeiDou-3 satellite in high orbit, nearly 36,000 km above the Earth. It will follow the Earth’s rotation, in a geostationary orbit.
BeiDou global satellite navigation system will be the fourth global satellite navigation system after the US GPS system, Russia’s GLONASS (Global Navigation Satellite System) and the European Union’s Galileo.
About China:
Capital: Beijing 
Currency: Renminbi
Official language: Standard
ChinesePresident: Xi Jinping

World’s longest DNA sequence decoded.
A team of United Kingdom scientists led by Matt Loose at Nottingham University  produced a DNA read that is nearly 10,000 times longer than normal. Also, it is two times larger than the previous record from Australia.
The DNA used for the long read was that of a human. At present, DNA is cut into smaller pieces and then reassembled during the process of sequencing.
Matt Loose’s team recently produced the most complete human genome sequence using a palm-sized “nanopore” sequencing machine. These methods could be used to study cancer genomes, where the DNA gets rearranged.

Railway Ministry launched ‘UTS on Mobile’ facility
The Ministry of Railways has launched the ‘Unreserved Mobile Ticketing’ facility (UTS on Mobile) to enable seamless booking of unreserved tickets in all Zonal Railways.
Now, the booking of unreserved tickets on all non-suburban sections across all Zonal Railways will now be made available on mobile.

November 4

Arunachal Pradesh Tourist Police and the Arunachal Suraksha App to help the citizens during emergencies.
Through Arunachal Suraksha App, users can find the nearest police station and contact details and make direct call to police by pressing a button.
This mobile app is first of its kind for Arunachal Pradesh police. It also has the capacity to send SOS message to emergency contacts.
About  Arunachal Pradesh:
Capital: Itanagar
CM: Pema Khandu.

Indian Railways rolls out All-India Unreserved Mobile Ticketing facility.
Mobile Ticketing shall promote 3C’s- Cashless transactions, Contactless ticketing, and Customer convenience.
Seamless booking of unreserved tickets all over Indian Railways.
Obviate the need for passengers to wait in queues for purchasing the tickets and enhance the experience for booking unreserved tickets – journey, season tickets, platform tickets.

 The Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) formed a new industry expert committee to develop and promote an augmented reality/virtual reality (AR/VR) ecosystem in India.
The committee is chaired by Namrita Mahindra, Senior General Manager, digital transformation, Mahindra Group and co-chaired by Satyajeet Singh, Head –Strategic Product Partnership, India and South Asia, Facebook.

NASA’s Dawn mission to asteroid belt comes to end.
NASA, the U.S space agency, said that its pioneering Dawn spacecraft ran out of fuel, ending an 11-year mission that unravelled many mysteries of our solar system. 
The mission was launched in 2007. 
The mission managers concluded that the spacecraft finally ran out of hydrazine. It was an expected end to the mission, although the spacecraft lasted two years longer than originally planned.

November 5

NDMC launches QR-enabled fridge magnets for digital payment of bills.
New Delhi Municipal Corporation (NDMC) has launched quick response (QR)-enabled fridge magnets for digital payment of bills.
The magnets are personalized and each customer will have unique QR Code mapped to their consumer account number. It is powered by Sign Catch – an IT and services company.
QR-enabled fridge magnets:
There will be separate magnets provided by the NDMC to its consumers’ doorstep for both electricity and water bills.
Consumers can stick these magnets on their refrigerators at home and use their smartphones to scan QR Code on magnet to pay their bills instantly.

Shakti: IIT Madras develops India’s first indigenous microprocessor.
The researchers from Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) have designed India’s first indigenous microprocessor called ‘Shakti’.
About Shakti Microprocessor:
It was designed, developed and booted by IIT Madras with microchip fabricated in ISRO’s Semi-Conductor Laboratory at Chandigarh.
It will reduce dependency on imported microchips especially in communication and defence sectors and thus eliminate risk of cyber-attacks.
It can be used in mobile computing, wireless and networking systems. It may also provide power to mobile phones, smart meters and surveillance cameras.
About Parashakthi Microprocessor:
IIT M researchers are now conducting research on ‘Parashakti’, an advanced microprocessor for supercomputers.
 It will be super scaler processor that will be ready by December 2018. It will have its applications in desktops and 32 such interconnected microprocessors may be used in supercomputers.

Offshore patrol vessel ICGS Varaha launched from a corporate shipyard near Chennai.
Indian Coast Guard has launched a new offshore patrol vessel named ICGS Varaha from a corporate shipyard near Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
 ICGS Varaha has been designed and built indigenously. This is the 3rd vessel in a series of 7 similar ships to be handed over to the Coast Guard. All the vessels would be delivered by March 2021.
ICGS Varaha will be soon equipped with advanced navigation and communication equipment, sensors and machineries.
About Indian Coast Guard:
Director General: Rajendra Singh
Headquarters: New Delhi.

November 6

Odisha Government launched Aerospace and Defence Manufacturing Policy 2018.
The policy is aimed to carry forward process of industrialization through promotion of aerospace and defence manufacturing enterprises, generate employment opportunities and promote value addition.
About Odisha:
Capital: Bhubaneshwar
CM: Naveen Patnaik
Governor: Ganeshi Lal

Artificial Intelligence (AI) bot ClaRAN has been taught by researchers to identify galaxies in deep space.
The AI bot named “ClaRAN “ used to recognize faces on Facebook.
It has been trained to scan images taken by radia telescope. It can spot radio galaxies- galaxies that emit powerful radio jets from super massive black holes at their centres.

November 9

China unveils 'most advanced' stealth drone
China has unveiled its new-generation stealth combatunmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)UAV - CH7, stated to be the most advanced drone developed so far by the country.
The UAV - CH7 - was unveiled at the Air Show China 2018 in Zhuhai, South China's Guangdong Province.
China unveils replica of its first permanently crewed space station
China has unveiled a replica of its first permanently crewed space station, which would replace the international community's orbiting laboratory, ISS.
The 17-metre core module was a star attraction at the biennial Airshow China in the southern coastal city of Zhuhai.
Three astronauts will be permanently stationed in the 60-tonne orbiting lab, which will enable the crew to conduct biological and microgravity research.
Assembly is expected to be completed around 2022 and the station would have a lifespan of around 10 years.
WCD launches online portal to promote women farmers and entrepreneurs.
The Women and Child Development Ministry has set up an online marketing portal "Mahila-E-Haat” for unique organic products of the women farmers and entrepreneurs from across the country, besides serving as an e-platform to bring them together and promote and celebrate their achievements.
The portal "Mahila-E-Haat” was launched ahead of the "Women of India National Organic Festival, 2018" which was organised by the ministry to promote women entrepreneurs.

November 10

Indian Army inducts K9 Vajra, M777 howitzers guns
Indian Army inducted new artillery guns and equipment, including K9 Vajra and M777 howitzers, at Deolali artillery centre in Nashik, Maharashtra. The induction ceremony took place in the presence of Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman and Army chief General Bipin Rawat.
Besides, M777 American Ultra Light Howitzers and the K-9 Vajra, the third gun system inducted is the ‘Composite Gun Towing Vehicle’ for towing some of the existing guns in service with the country. The guns have a range of 30 km.
India, Singapore bilateral naval exercise 'SIMBEX 2018' begins
The 25th edition of SIMBEX, “Singapore-India Maritime Bilateral Exercise” is scheduled to be held from November 10-21, 2018 in the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal.
The 2018 edition marks the silver jubilee of SIMBEX. To mark the historical occasion, the navies of both nations are undertaking exercises over an extended geography.

November 11

NASA probe set to visit Jupiter’s Trojan asteroids
NASA’s Ralph – a space instrument that has travelled as far as Pluto – is set to explore Jupiter’s Trojan asteroids, which are remnants from the early days of the solar system.
Ralph was first launched aboard the New Horizons spacecraft in 2006 and obtained stunning flyby images of Jupiter and its moons. This was followed by a visit to Pluto where Ralph took the first high-definition pictures of the iconic minor planet.
In 2021, Ralph is set to journey with the Lucy mission to Jupiter’s Trojan asteroids.

IIT researchers develop carbon nanomaterials for simultaneous detection, destruction of cancer cells
Researchers at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee, have developed fluorescent carbon nanodots for simultaneous detection and destruction of cancer cells.
The nanosized (10-9 metre) carbon materials that can serve as therapeutic and diagnostic agents for cancer have been extracted from the leaves of the rosy periwinkle plant.

Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman inducts K9 Vajra, M777 howitzer guns into Army in Nashik, Maharashtra
Three major artillery gun systems, including the M777 American Ultra Light Howitzers and the K-9 Vajra, will be formally inducted into the Indian Army at Deolali in Maharashtra.
This comes amid the defence ministry increasing the financial powers of the Vice Chiefs of the three defence services by five times more than the existing powers, to improve operational preparedness by building up the arms and ammunition reserves.