SPECIAL DAYS - 2018 DECEMBER

December 1

World AIDS Day was observed on 1st December
World AIDS Day is designated on 1 December every year since 1988. The day provides an opportunity for people worldwide to unite in the fight against HIV, to show support for people living with HIV and to commemorate those who have died from an AIDS-related illness.
 More than 35 million people have died of HIV or AIDS, making it one of the most destructive pandemics in history.
The theme for the World AIDS Day 2018 is ‘Know Your Status’.
Thus, 2018 marked the 30th anniversary of World AIDS Day.

Border Security Force celebrated its 54th Raising Day on 1st December 2018
The Border Security Force, BSF along with Pakistan and Bangladesh celebrated its 54th Raising Day.
The main ceremony was celebrated at Chhawla Camp in New Delhi.
BSF has been India’s first wall of defence since 1965.
The motto of BSF is in 2018, ‘Duty unto Death’.

December 2

World Computer Literacy Day was celebrated on 2nd December
World Computer Literacy Day will be celebrated on December 2nd every year. Now the computer has became part of our human life and this day encourage the development of technological skills, particularly among people
 It aims to ‘create awareness and drive digital literacy in underserved communities worldwide’.
World Computer Literacy Day was founded by Indian computer company National Institute of Information Technology (NIIT) to mark its 20th anniversary in 2001.

International Day for Abolition of Slavery was observed on 2nd December
The International Day for Abolition of Slavery will be marked on December 2nd every year and December 2nd 2018 is marking the 32nd anti-slavery day.
This day was first celebrated by the United Nations General Assembly on 2nd December, 1986.
It aims to end slavery which includes sexual exploitation, forced marriage, trafficking of persons and recruitment of child labor.

December 3

International Day of Persons with Disabilities observed on 3rd December
December 3rd is observed as United Nations International Day of Persons with Disabilities or World Disability Day.
The theme for this year is ‘Empowering persons with disabilities and ensuring inclusiveness and equality’.
Since 1992 December 03 is celebrated as United Nations international Day of Persons with Disabilities.
As part of World Disability Day, the UN launches a UN Flagship Report on Disability and Development 2018 for persons with disabilities.

December 4

Indian Navy day is celebrated on 4th December
India celebrated its 47th Navy Day. The day is celebrated in honor of the maritime force’s role during the war with Pakistan in 1971 when Indian warships attacked Karachi port.
It was on this day in 1971 that Indian Navy left its shores for the very first time to successfully attack Pakistan.
The Maratha Emperor, ‘Chhatrapati Shivaji Bhosle’ is considered as ‘Father of the Indian Navy’.
The Navy showcased an impressive show of skill amid a sea of colours at the Gateway of India in Mumbai.

December 5

World Soil Day was celebrated on 5th December
World Soil Day is celebrated annually on the 5th of December at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) headquarters in Rome, the regional offices and through national and local events.
 Stop Soil Pollution is the objective of this World Soil Day on 5th December and throughout the year. 
Under the leadership of the Kingdom of Thailand and within the framework of the ‘Global Soil Partnership’, FAO has supported the formal establishment of World Soil Day as a global awareness raising platform

Annual International Volunteer Day celebrated on 5th December
This day celebrates the sacrifice and contributions of the volunteers and organizations and promotes their work among their communities, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), United Nations agencies, government authorities and the private sector.
The theme of the International Volunteer Day 2018 is: ‘Volunteers build Resilient Communities’.
It is mandated by the UN General Assembly

December 7

Armed Forces Flag Day was celebrated on 7th December
Since 1949, 07 December is observed as Armed Forces Flag Day throughout India to honor the martyrs as well as men and women in uniform, who valiantly fight on our borders to safeguard the country’s honor.
The ‘Armed forces Flag Day Fund’ (AFFDF) has been constituted by the Government of India for the welfare and rehabilitation of the Ex-Servicemen (ESM) community.
The fund collection throughout the country is managed by local arms of the Kendriya Sainik Board, which is part of the Ministry of Defence.

International Civil Aviation Day was celebrated on 7th December
The purpose of the annual celebration is to establish and reinforce worldwide awareness of the importance of international civil aviation in the social and economic development of States.
The theme for International Civil Aviation Day this year is Working Together to Ensure No Country is Left Behind.
This theme was established on a recurring basis for the 2016-2018 ICAO trienniums, in order to highlight the enormous transformational power of air connectivity to improve people’s lives.
The International Civil Aviation Day was established in 1994 as part of ICAO’s 50th anniversary activities.

December 8

Indian Navy celebrates Submarine Day on 8th December
The Indian Navy celebrates Submarine Day on 8th December.
The day commemorates the induction of the first submarine, the erstwhile INS Kalvari, into the Navy on this day in 1967.
The Foxtrot class submarine was decommissioned on the 31st May, 1996, after 29 years of service.

December 9

The International Anti-Corruption Day was observed on 9th December
UN along with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) organized a global campaign called- Corruption: An impediment to Sustainable Development Goals- for spreading the awareness on corruption.
As per the UN data, every year $1 trillion is paid in bribes while an estimated $2.6 trillion are stolen annually through corruption – a sum equivalent to more than 5 per cent of the global GDP.
About United National:
Headquarters: New York, USA.
Secretary General: Antonio Guterres.
Member States: 193.

December 10

Human Rights Day observed on 10th December
Human Rights Day is observed every year on 10 December. On this day, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.
This year, Human Rights Day marks the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. #StandUp4HumanRights is the global campaign launched on for year 2018.
About UN General Assembly:
Headquarters: New York City, USA.
President: María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés

December 11

UNICEF Day celebrated on 11th December
UNICEF (United Nations International Children Emergency Fund) Headquartered in New York celebrated its 71st foundation day.
On 11 December 1946, UNICEF was created by United Nations General Assembly to provide long-standing charitable and developmental support to children and mothers in evolving countries.

International Mountain Day observed on December 11th
Theme for the 2018 edition of the International Mountain Day is: ‘#Mountains Matter’.
It is celebrated by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) to spread awareness about the contribution of mountains in the biodiversity as it consists of approximately a quarter of the terrestrial biological diversity.
Also to commemorate the day, there will be an IMD side event on ‘Mountain adaptation: Vulnerable peaks and people’ at UNFCCC COP24 in Katowice, Poland.
About FAO:
Headquarters: Rome, Italy

December 12

International Universal Health (UHC Day) Coverage Day observed on 12th December
It aims to mobilize diverse stakeholders to call for stronger, more equitable health systems to achieve universal health coverage, leaving no one behind.
The theme for the 2018 UHC Day is: ‘Unite for Universal Health Coverage: Now is the Time for Collective Action’.
Universal health coverage (UHC) ensures all people, everywhere, can access the quality health services they need without suffering financial hardship.
About UN:
Secretary General: Antonio Guterres
Headquarters: New York, United States

International Day of Neutrality observed on 12th December
On December 12 is seen as International Day of Neutrality after its adoption by United Nations General Assembly in the 69th plenary meeting.
It is celebrated by United Nations to ensure neutrality among nations and abstention of a state from all participation in a war.
It is aimed at promoting the use of preventive diplomacy, and enhancing public awareness of the value of neutrality in international relations.

December 14

National Energy Conservation Day 2018 was celebrated on 14th December
National Energy Conservation Day 2018 was celebrated throughout the country under the aegis of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), under Ministry of Power.
The objective to celebrate the National Energy Conservation Day is to drive mass awareness about the importance of energy efficiency and conservation.
National Energy Conservation Day was celebrated for the first time , 1991 when the National Energy Conservation Awards were given away to industries for reducing energy consumption.
About Ministry of Power:
Minister: R.K. Singh (MOS independent charge)
Headquarters: New Delhi

December 15

International Tea day celebrated on 15th December and ITA inks pact with Chinese tea body to boost shipments
International Tea Day aimed to draw global attention of governments and citizens to the impact of global tea trade on workers and growers was observed in Tea Producing countries.
Indian Tea Association (ITA) has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with China Tea Marketing Association (CTMA) in a meeting held in Kolkata between Vivek Goenka, Chairman ITA and Wang Qing, President CTMA.
ITA Expects to double the export to China.

December 16

Nation celebrates Vijay Diwas to commemorate India’s victory over Pakistan in 1971 war on December 16TH
The nation celebrated Vijay Diwas to commemorate India’s victory over Pakistan in 1971 war – the war for the Independence of Bangladesh from Pakistan.
The day marks the end of Bangladesh Liberation War, when the chief of the Pakistani forces, General Amir Abdullah Khan Niazi, along with 93 thousand troops, had surrendered unconditionally to the allied forces consisting of Indian Army and Mukti Bahini, led by Lieutenant General Jagjit Singh Aurora in Dhaka.

December 17

International day to end violence against sex workers observed on December 17th
International Day to End Violence against Sex Workers is observed annually on December 17th by sex workers, their advocates, friends, families and allies.
Originally conceived as a memorial and vigil for the victims of the Green River Killer in Seattle Washington, United States (US), it has evolved into an annual international event.
The day calls attention to hate crimes committed against sex workers worldwide, as well as the need to remove the social stigma and discrimination.

December 18

International migration day observed on 18th December
In accordance with the Resolution 55/93 of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), the International Migrants Day is observed every year on 18th December. The Resolution 55/93 was adopted by UN on 4th December 2000.
The theme of International Migrants Day 2018 is ‘Migration with Dignity’. The reason for choosing this theme is that around 3,400 migrants and refugees died worldwide in 2018.
On this day many intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in different countries disseminate information on human rights and fundamental political freedoms of migrants among the people.

National Minorities rights day is celebrated on December 18th in all over India
India celebrates Minorities’ rights day on 18th of December every year, as introduced by the United Nations.
The day is celebrated for promoting the actual and legal rights of Minority communities.
It has been observed in our country that employment opportunities, educational up liftment and financial inclusion are the major areas wherein minorities are left behind.

World Arabic Language Day is celebrated on December 18th
World Arabic Language Day is celebrated every year on 18th December since 2012. The date coincides with the day in 1973 that the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted Arabic as the sixth official language of the Organization.
‘Arabic Language and Youth’ is the theme of World Arabic Language Day celebrations in 2018, which are held at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designated the day in 2010 in order to ‘celebrate multilingualism and cultural diversity’.

December 19

Goa celebrated 57th Liberation Day on December 19th
Goa Liberation Day programme was held in Panaji in North Goa.
Goa legislative assembly speaker Pramod Sawant also presented Goa Chief Minister’s Fire Service Medals for meritorious service as part of Liberation Day celebrations in Panaji.
Goa was liberated on 19th December1961, from around 450 years of Portuguese rule.
In 1963, the Parliament passed the 12th Amendment Act to the Constitution of India, formally integrating the captured territories into the Indian Union.

December 20

International Human Solidarity Day observed on 20th December
International Human Solidarity Day is organized across the world on 20th December. 
It is a day to celebrate our unity in diversity and also a day to remind governments to respect their commitments to international agreements.

December 21

Winter Solstice 2018 and Summer Solstice 2018 Occurred on December 21st
Winter Solstice which is the shortest day of the year was observed in the Northern Hemisphere whereas the Summer Solstice which is the Longest Day of the year was observed in the Southern Hemisphere.
The summer and Winter Solstices are caused as a result of the tilt of the Earth and its elliptical path around the sun.
The Roles are reversed on 21st June when the Northern Hemisphere observes Summer Solstice and Southern Hemisphere observes winter solstice.

December 22

National Mathematics day celebrated on 22nd December
India celebrated National Mathematics day honouring the 131st birth anniversary of Great Indian Mathematician Srinivasan Ramanujan. India celebrates 22nd December as National Mathematics day every year.
Ramanujan was born in 1887 and compiled nearly 3900 results mostly identities and equations.
The Number 1729 is known as Hardy-Ramanujan Number.

December 23

National Farmers Day (Kisan Diwas) celebrated on 23nd December
National Farmers Day or Kisan Diwas is celebrated in the honor of Chaudhary Charan Singh who was the fifth Prime Minister of India.
He served the country as Prime Minister for a very short tenure starting from 28th of July 1979 till 14th January 1980.
National Farmers’ Day is celebrated across the nation every year with the focus on the upliftment of the status of farmers. In Lucknow, a program would be organised on this day which will be addressed by Yogi Adityanath, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh.

December 24

National Consumer Day observed on 24th December
This year the National Consumer Day is celebrated with the theme ‘Timely Disposal of Consumer Complaints’.
The Consumer Protection Act aims to provide consumers with effective safeguards against different types of exploitation such as defective goods, deficiency in services and unfair trade practices.

December 25

Former PM Bharat Ratna Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s 94th birthday celebrated as Good Governance Day on 25th December
The 94th birth anniversary of Former Prime Minister Bharat Ratna Atal Bihari Vajpayee was celebrated as Good Governance Day across the country.
The day was established in 2014 to honour the Bharat Ratna by fostering awareness among the people on accountability in Governance and Government.
The Samadhi of Mr Vajpayee – Sadaiv Atal, located near Rajghat in New Delhi.A ‘Kavi Sammelan’ was organised in Himachal Pradesh’s Kullu district where poems written by Mr. Vajpayee were recited.
Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis launched the Bharat Ratna Atal Bihari Vajpayee International Schools in Mumbai. It will be affiliated to the Maharashtra International Education Board (MIEB).
The Uttar Pradesh government had also organised several programmes like Kavi Sammelans, debates, poetry recitals and rangoli competitions in the schools and colleges.

55th anniversary of Sashastra Seema Bal celebrated on 25th December
The 55th anniversary of Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) was celebrated at its 25th Battalion, Ghitorni, in New Delhi.
Union Minister of State for Home Affairs, Kiren Rijiju, was the chief guest at the event.
He awarded President’s Police Medal for distinguished service and Police Medal for meritorious service to recipients.
He also released the 55th Anniversary issue of ‘SSB Samachar’.
In his address, he announced that Government has approved creation of 650 posts for the intelligence set-up of Sashastra Seema Bal.
The SSB parade was attended by the Chief of Nepal Armed Police Force Shailendra Khanal, Deputy Chief of Mission, Bhutan, Sonam Tobgay, DGs of CAPFs and other dignitaries.


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