SPECIAL DAYS - 2019 March

March 1

Zero Discrimination Day is observed on March 1
Zero Discrimination Day is observed on 1st March. It is an annual day celebrated by the UN and other international organizations.
The day was first celebrated on March 1, 2014, and was launched by UNAIDS Executive Director Michel Sidibé on 27 February of that year with a major event in Beijing.
On Zero Discrimination Day, UNAIDS calls on countries to examine discriminatory provisions in their laws and policies and make positive changes to ensure equality, inclusion and protection.
Themeof Zero Discrimination Day 2019 is “act to change laws that discriminate”.
2. World Civil Defence Day is Observed on March 1
World Civil Defence Day is observed on 1st March. It is celebrated by International Civil Defence Organization (ICDO).
It aims to protect the citizens of a state from military attacks and natural disasters.
Theme of World Civil Defence Day 2019 is “Children’s Safety, Our Responsibility”.

March 3

World Wild Life Day is celebrated on March 3
On 20 December 2013, at its 68th session, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) decided to proclaim 3 March, the day of the adoption of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), as World Wildlife Day, which was proposed by Thailand, to celebrate and raise awareness of the world's wild fauna and flora.
In its resolution, the General Assembly reaffirmed the intrinsic value of wildlife and its various contributions, including ecological, genetic, social, economic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic, to sustainable development and human well-being.
The theme for World Wildlife Day 2019 is “Life below water: for people and planet”
World Hearing Day is Observed on March 3
World Hearing Day is a campaign held each year by Office of Prevention of Blindness and Deafness of the World Health Organization (WHO).
Activities take place across the globe and an event is hosted at the World Health Organization on March 3rd.
The campaign's objective is to share information and promote actions towards the prevention of hearing loss and improved hearing care.
Theme for World Hearing Day 2019 is “Check your hearing”.

March 4

World Day of the Fight Against Sexual Exploitation observed on March 4.
The World Day of Fight against Sexual Exploitation is observed on March 4 every year. It aims to spread awareness about the prevalent sexual exploitation, largely among women and children.
Sexual assault statistics:
Around 35% of women worldwide sexual violence by a non-partner atleast once in their lives.
Adult women comprise 51 per cent of all human trafficking victims globally. Women and girls together comprise 71 per cent, with girls representing nearly three out of every four child trafficking victims. Nearly three out of every four trafficked women and girls are trafficked for the purpose of sexual exploitation.

National Security Day: 4th March
Every year, National Security Day also known as RashtriyaSurakshaDiwas was celebrated on 4th March to praise the work of security forces such as army officers, para-military, policemen and commandos.
First National Security Day was celebrated in 1972 and 48th National Security Day was celebrated this year.

National Safety Day: 4th March
In India, National Safety Day (NSC) is observed on 4th March every year by National Safety Council of India. This day is celebrated to make every people safe from issues like Financial Loss, Health problems and environmental problems.NSC was set up on 4th March 1966 by Ministry of Labour, GOI.
The day was initiated in 1972 as a commemoration to the Foundation Day of the National Safety Council (NSC).
Started for a single day on 4th March as NSD, the Campaign converted into week long event as National Saefty Week (NSW) from 4-11 March.
Theme – Cultivate and Sustain a safety culture for building nation

March 7

March 7 to be observed as “Janaushadhi Diwas” all over India
The Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi to make affordable and quality generic medicines popular among the people. The Government aims to have atleast 1 PMBJP Kendra in each block of the country by 2020.
About 10-15 lakh people benefit from Janaushadhi medicines per day.
The PMBJP scheme has led to total savings of approximately Rs 1000 crores for common citizens, as these medicines are cheaper by 50% to 90% of the average market price.
Shri Mandaviya, Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilizers said that with developments like more and more doctors prescribing generic medicines and opening of over 5050 Janaushadhi stores across 652 districts.

March 8

International Women's Day (IWD) (March 8th)
International Women's Day (IWD) is celebrated on March 8 every year-an occasion to celebrate the progress made by women in all walks of life.
The 2019 theme is ''Balance for Better'', encouraging everyone to share responsibility through collective action for driving a gender-balanced world.
The theme will focus on innovative ways in which we can advance gender equality and the empowerment of women, particularly in the areas of social protection systems, access to public services and sustainable infrastructure.
IWD was adopted by the UN in 1977.

March 10

President Kovind launches Pulse Polio programme for 2019 at Rashtrapati Bhawan
President Ram Nath Kovind launched the Pulse Polio programme for 2019 on March 9th by administering polio drops to children below five years at the Rashtrapati Bhawan, New Delhi on the eve of National Immunization Day, which is observed on march 10.
More than 17 crore children below five years across the country will be given polio drops as part of the central government's drive to sustain polio eradication from the country.
The government has also introduced the injectable inactivated polio vaccine in the routine immunization programme
Mission Indradhanush has also launched by the Government to achieve more than 90 per cent immunization coverage
Over 3.39 crore children and 87 lakh pregnant women have been vaccinated through the Mission Indradhanush drives.
Strengthening of immunization programme has contributed significantly to the decline of Infant Mortality Rate from 39 in 2014 to 32 per 1,000 live births in 2017.

National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day
Observed annually on March 10th, National Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day is a day to empower people everywhere with knowledge and information regarding this disease and the often overlooked impact that it has on women and girls.
Some of the action that is taken on this day is:
Educating women and girls how to prevent HIV/AIDS
Providing services to those living with the disease
Doing whatever it takes to reduce the impact of HIV/AIDS

March 12

March 12: "World Day Against Cyber-Censorship"
The World Day Against Cyber-Censorship is celebrates every year on 12 March.
The day was Reporters without Borders annual online rally intended to draw attention to the ways that governments around the world are deterring and censoring free speech online.
The day was first observed on 12 March 2008 at the request of Reporters without Borders and Amnesty International.

PM Modi pays tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on 89th anniversary of Dandi March.
On the 89th anniversary of the historic Dandi March, which was led by Mahatma Gandhi, Prime Minister along with other leaders paid tribute to Mahatma Gandhi.
Dandi March or Salt March was started on March 12 in the year 1930 led by Mahatma Gandhi from Sabarmati Ashram to the village of Dandi in the state's coastal area to protest against the steep tax the British levied on salt.

March 13

March 13: World Rotaract Day
World Rotaract Day is observed on March 13 every year to recognize the services offered by the Rotaractors throughout the World.
Rotaract originally began as a Rotary International youth program in 1968 at Charlotte North Rotary Club in Charlotte, North Carolina, United States.
Now it has transformed into a major Rotary-sponsored organization with more than 9,539 clubs spread around the world and 291,006 members.
"Rotaract" stands for "Rotary in Action.

March 14

World Kidney Day 2019 on March 14
World Kidney Day (WKD) is an annual global awareness and education event, held on the second Thursday in March every year.
The mission of World Kidney Day is to raise awareness of the importance of our kidneys to our overall health and to reduce the frequency and impact of kidney disease and its associated health problems worldwide.
The theme for World Kidney Day 2019 is Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere.
Globally, 850 million people are estimated to have kidney diseases from various causes like Chronic kidney diseases (CKD) cause at least 2.4 million deaths per year and are now the 6th fastest growing cause of death.
Around 1.7 million people are estimated to die annually because of Acute kidney injury.
International Pi π Day – March 14, 2019
International Pi Day is an annual celebration of the Mathematical constant π (pi) is observed on March 14 (3/14 in the month/day format).
Pi is the ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter.
Larry Shaw was the first organizer of Pi Day celebration at the Exploratorium in San Francisco.
No Smoking Day
No Smoking Day is observed every year on the second Wednesday of March.
The main purpose of this day is to spread awareness about the harmful health effects of tobacco consumption through cigarette and other modes.
No Smoking Day awareness movement was first started in 1984 in the United Kingdom on the day of Ash Wednesday and since then it has been an annual celebration event and try to save people from the harmful effects of smoking.
India adapted the WHO Framework Convention of Tobacco Control (FCTC) and passed the “Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products (Prohibition of Advertisement and Regulation of Trade and Commerce Production, Supply and Distribution)” Act in 2003.
The 22nd annual International Day of Action for Rivers
International Day of Action for Rivers annually celebrates on March 14.
International Day of Action for Rivers aims to raise public awareness of destructive water development projects, health and sustainable management of the watersheds.
International Day of Action for Rivers was observed for the first time in 1998.
2019 Day of Action for Rivers theme is in celebration of the role of women in protecting and managing our rivers.

March 15

World Consumer Rights Day 2019
World Consumer Rights Day is celebrated on March 15 each year to spread awareness regarding consumer rights.
Celebrating consumers day is a way to protect the rights of consumers and to ensure that they are not subjected to market abuse or social injustice that may undermine their rights.
The theme for 'World Consumers Right Day 2019' is 'Trusted Smart Products'.
The day was inspired by former president John F Kennedy, when he formally addressed the issue of consumer rights back in 1962. The first consumer movement was started in 1983.

World Sleep Day 2019
World Sleep Day, observed on 15 March, is intended to highlight the importance of sleep.
It is a call to action on crucial elements related to sleep, which include medication for sleep, education to increase awareness and social aspects.
It is organised by the World Sleep Day Committee of World Sleep Society (founded by WASM and WSF) and aims to lessen the burden of sleep problems on society through better prevention and management of sleep disorders.

March 16

National Vaccination Day: 16th March
Every year on the 16th of March, India observes National Vaccination Day. The day is also known as National Immunization Day.
The prime purpose behind celebration of National Vaccination Day is to make all people aware of arming against polio and eradicating it completely from the world.
Through vaccination, a long list of preventive infectious diseases can be prevented, some of which are polio, measles, small pox, and tetanus, among others.
The first dose of oral vaccine against polio was given in India was on March 16, 1995.

March 18

National Ordinance Factories Day: March 18
The National Ordnance Factories Day is observed across India on 18 March annually to commemorate the production of the first Ordnance Factory of India.
The oldest Ordnance Factory of India is located at Cossipore, Kolkata was commenced on 18th March 1802.
The day was declared on the 200th anniversary of the first ordnance factory.
This day is commemorated by the display of guns, ammunition, rifles, artillery etc in exhibitions across India.
The Ordnance Factories Board is popularly called as the country’s “Fourth arm of Defense”. The remaining three arms are the Navy, the Air Force and the Army.
Aim of the ordnance factories is to generate self-sufficiency in the production of defense and to create awareness about the ammunition and arms among the general public.

Global Recycling Day 2019 on March 18
For the second consecutive year The Global Recycling Day 2019 observed on March 18.
The Global Recycling Foundation was formed in October 2018 by the Bureau of International Recycling (BIR), Brussels.
The day object to support the promotion of recycling, and the recycling industry, across the world in order to showcase its vital role in preserving the future of the planet.
Due to the success of Global Recycling Day 2018 with more than 13 million people across the world taking part in celebrations.
Theme for the The Global Recycling Day 2019 is “Recycling into the Future”

March 20

World Sparrow Day: March 20
World Sparrow Day is annually observed on March 20, this day dedicated to raise awareness about the house sparrow and threat to their population.
This international initiative has been taken up by the Nature Forever Society of India in collaboration with the Eco-Sys Action Foundation (France) and various other national and international organizations across the world.
The Nature Forever Society was started by Indian conservationist Mohammed Dilawar who started his work helping the house sparrow in Nashik.
The first World Sparrow Day was celebrated in 2010 in different parts of the world.
Theme of World Sparrow Day 2019 : "I LOVE Sparrows"

International Day of Happiness: March 20
The International Day of Happiness is celebrated worldwide every March 20.
It was conceptualized and founded by philanthropist, activist, statesman, and prominent United Nations special advisor Jayme Illien to inspire, mobilize, and advance the global happiness movement.
Theme for The International Day of Happiness 2019 is Happier Together.

March 21

International Day of Forests: 21 March
International Day of Forests is celebrated on 21st March 2019.
It was announced by the United Nations General Assembly in 2012.
This global day of celebration has aimed to raise awareness of the importance of all type of trees and woodland.
Theme for International Day of Forests2019 is “Forests and Education – Learn to Love Forests”.

World Down Syndrome Day: March 21
World Down Syndrome Day is observed on 21 March each year in order to raise public awareness of Down syndrome.
The day is celebrated since 2012 with the recommendation of United Nations General Assembly.
The date for WDSD, the 21st day of the 3rd month, was selected to signify the uniqueness of the triplication (trisomy) of the 21st chromosome which causes Down syndrome.
Down syndrome gets its name from the British doctor, John Langdon Down, who first clinically identified the condition in 1866. The estimated incidence of Down syndrome is between 1 in 1,000 to 1 in 1,100 live births worldwide.
For WDSD 2019, the theme is “Leave no one behind”.

World Poetry Day: March 21
World Poetry Day is celebrated on 21 March, and was declared by UNESCO (the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) during its 30th General Conference in Paris in 1999.
Its purpose is to promote the reading, writing, publishing and teaching of poetry throughout the world and, as the original UNESCO declares that "give fresh recognition and impetus to national, regional and international poetry movements".
One of the main objectives of the Day is to support linguistic diversity through poetic expression and to offer endangered languages the opportunity to be heard within their communities.

March 22

World Water Day observed on March 22
The World Water Day (WWD) is observed on 22 March every year to spread message of preservation and rational consumption of water.
The United Nations General Assembly initiated this response on 22 March 1993 as the first World Water Day.
When we neglect our ecosystem, it results into environmental damage and climate change. Degradation of vegetation, soil, rivers and lakes due to these changes further leads to floods, drought and water pollution.
The theme for WWD, 2019 is, “Leaving no one behind”.
This theme is a refabrication of 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6). This goal focuses on the water availability without depriving anyone.

107th foundation day of Bihar observed on March 22
Bihar Diwas (Bihar Day) is observed every year on March 22, marking the formation of the state of Bihar.
It was on this day when the British carved out the state from Bengal Presidency in 1912. The Day is a public holiday in Bihar.
Bihar Divas was started and celebrated on large scale by Bihar Government in the tenure of Nitish Kumar.

March 23

World Meteorological Day observed on March 23
World Meteorological Day takes place every year on 23 March and commemorates the coming into force on 23 March 1950 of the Convention establishing the World Meteorological Organization.
It showcases the essential contribution of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services to the safety and wellbeing of society
The themes chosen for World Meteorological Day reflect topical weather, climate or water-related issues.
The theme for World Meteorological Day 2019 “The Sun, the Earth and the Weather”

88th Martyrs’ Day of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Shivaram Observed on 23rd March
Every year, March 23 also known as Shaheed Diwas or Sarvodaya Day is observed as Martyrs Day as a tribute to freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru.
They fought for the freedom of India from the colonial rulers and sacrificed their lives on March 23, 1931. They were hanged to death by the British for the assassination of British Police Officer John Saunders.
The day is observed as Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas to pay respect to the martyrdom of these heroes, for their sacrifice for the freedom of the nation.
Bhagat Singh is often referred to as Shaheed Bhagat Singh, Shaheed meaning martyr. At the age of 23, he sacrificed his life for India's freedom and became an inspiration for the youth of that time, evoking a new life into the Indian national movement.

March 24

World Tuberculosis Day is observed on 24 March
The World Tuberculosis day is observed on 24th March every year to raise public awareness about the devastating health, social and economic consequences of TB, and to step up efforts to end the global epidemic.
The theme for World Tuberculosis Day 2019 is, 'It's time'.
It focuses on the urgency to act on the commitments made by global leaders to scale up access to prevention and treatment of the disease, build accountability and ensure sufficient and sustainable financing including for research among others.
India achieves 84% fall in TB deaths among HIV affected patients by 2017. The global efforts to combat TB was successful by saving around 54 million lives since 2000. It reduced the mortality rate by 42%.
In India, the government has taken many steps in order to tackle the problem of TB by 2025.

International Day for Achievers (IDA) observed on 24th March
International Day for Achievers (IDA) observed on 24th March every year to honor the achievers who have shown determination and confidence on their journey.
These achievers of their field could be scientists, teachers, doctors, engineers, social workers or students. These are the people who reach their goals with strong determination successfully.
They are the personalities with the positive bent of mind and have all the essential qualities that inspire the youth and make them stand out from the crowd.
They are the real hero who commits certain promises to themselves and achieves their goal.

March 25

International Day of Remembrance of Slavery Victims and the Transatlantic Slave Trade on March 25
Every year on 25 March, the International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade offers the opportunity to honor and remember those who suffered and died at the hands of the brutal slavery system.
The International Day also aims to raise awareness about the dangers of racism and prejudice.
This day is also an occasion to educate the public, especially young people, about the effects of racism, slavery and the transatlantic slave trade. Educational events are held in schools, colleges and universities.
2019 Theme: "Remember Slavery: The Power of the Arts for Justice".

March 26

Purple Day (Epilepsy Awareness Day) on March 26, 2019
Purple Day is also known as Epilepsy Awareness Day, observed on March 26 annually, a global grassroots event formed with the intention to increase worldwide awareness of epilepsy, and to dispel common myths and fears of this neurological disorder.
Epilepsy is found to be a group of neurological disorders which is characterized by the recurrent unprovoked epileptic seizures in the brain.
According to the World Health Organization, nearly 50 million people around the world live with epilepsy.
Purple Day was started in 2008 by Cassidy Megan of Nova Scotia, Canada to encourage awareness of epilepsy.

26th March: The Independence Day of Bangladesh
The Independence Day of Bangladesh, taking place on 26 March, is a national holiday.
It commemorates the country's declaration of independence from Pakistan in the late hours of 25 March 1971, by the undisputed leader of the Nation Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
Independence Day is commonly associated with parades, political speeches, fairs, concerts, and ceremonies, and various other public and private events celebrating the history, and traditions of Bangladesh.

46th Anniversary of the Chipko Movement is observed on March 26
The Chipko movement or Chipko Andolan is observed on March 26. It was to save trees or conservation of forests in India where people prevent trees from being cut down.
It began in April 1973 in Reni village of Chamoli district, Uttarakhand and went on to become a rallying point for many future environmental movements all over the world.
The Chipko Andolan is a movement that practised methods of Satyagraha where both male and female activists from Uttarakhand played vital roles, including Gaura Devi, Suraksha Devi, Sudesha Devi, Bachni Devi and Chandi Prasad Bhatt.

March 27

World Theatre Day: March 27
World Theatre Day is celebrated every year on 27th March by the ITI (International Theatre Institute) centres and International theatre community.
It is initiated by International Theatre Institute in 1961.
Every year, various national and international theatre events are organized on this day.
For 2019, famous theatre director, playwright, academic and faculty member, Carlos CELDRAN from Cuba was selected as the speaker of World Theatre Day message 2019.

March 30

Rajasthan Diwas is being celebrated today (30th March)
Rajasthan Diwas was celebrated on 30 March marking the unification of the erstwhile princely states in the region into the State of Rajasthan.
The state came into being on this day (30th March) in 1949 after unification of 22 princely states.
Rajasthan is derived from Raja meaning king and Sthan which means abode, so it literally means the ‘land of Kings’.