SPECIAL DAYS - 2018 OCTOBER

October 1

World Habitat Day – October 1
In 1985 the United Nations designated the first Monday of October every year as World Habitat Day. The idea is to reflect on the state of our towns and cities and the basic right of all to adequate shelter.
It is also intended to remind the world of its collective responsibility for the future of the human habitat.

International Day of Older Persons – October 1
The International Day of Older Persons is observed on October 1 each year.
On December 14, 1990 the United Nations General Assembly voted to establish October 1 as the International Day of Older Persons as recorded in Resolution 45/106.The holiday was observed for the first time on October 1, 1991.
The holiday is celebrated by raising awareness about issues affecting the elderly, such as senescence and elder abuse. It is also a day to appreciate the contributions that older people make to society.

World Vegetarian Day – October 1
World Vegetarian Day is observed annually around the planet on October 1. It is a day of celebration established by the North American Vegetarian Society in 1977 and endorsed by the International Vegetarian Union in 1978, "To promote the joy, compassion and life-enhancing possibilities of vegetarianism." It brings awareness to the ethical, environmental, health, and humanitarian benefits of a vegetarian lifestyle.
World Vegetarian Day initiates the month of October as Vegetarian Awareness Month, which ends with November 1, World Vegan Day, as the end of that month of celebration. Vegetarian Awareness Month has been known variously as "Reverence for Life" month, "Month of Vegetarian Food", and more.

October 2

Gandhi Jayanti – October 2
Gandhi Jayanti is a national festival celebrated in India to mark the birth anniversary of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi born 2 October 1869. It is celebrated annually on 2 October, and it is one of the three national holidays of India. The UN General Assembly announced that it adopted a resolution which declared that 2 October will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence.

International Day of Non-Violence – October 2
The International Day of Non-Violence is observed on 2 October, the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. This day is referred to in India as Gandhi Jayanti.

October 4

World Animal Day celebrated on 4th October throughout the world.
World Animal Day is observed every year on October 4, which is the feast day of Francis of Assisi, the patron saint of animals.
In 1925, Heinrich Zimmermann organized the first World Animal Day. In 1931, World Animal Day (October 4) was declared as a universal observation, at a congress of the International Animal Protection Congress in Florence, Italy.
This day focuses on animal rights and welfare. It aims to raise the status of animals, improve welfare standards and protect endangered species and natural habitat.

October 5

October 5: World celebrates International Teachers' Day
October 5th is celebrated as International Teachers Day or World Teacher’s Day.
25th International teachers day commences on October 5th. This year’s theme is: ''The right to education means the right to a qualified teacher''.
2018 marks the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948).
To reach the 2030 Education Goals of universal primary and secondary education, the world needs to recruit almost 69 million new teachers.

October 7

7 October - World Day for Decent Work.
This year’s global theme, “Change the Rules”, highlights the deeply entrenched injustice of the global economic system alongside shrinking democratic space and deteriorating labour rights in many countries.
The inaugural World Day for Decent Work in 2008, tens of millions of people have taken part in activities in more than 100 countries to celebrate the achievements of trade unions, to pay homage to those who have sacrificed so much on the front lines of struggles for democratic rights and freedoms, and to advance the cause of social and economic progress which benefits all instead of the privileged elite.

October 8

IAF celebrates 86th anniversary
Air Force Day 2018 will be celebrated all over India on 8th of October.
Indian Air Force was officially established on 8 October 1932 by the British Empire. It held the status of auxiliary force of the British Empire that aided the army fighting on the land.
India’s aviation service was awarded the name ‘Royal’ during the efforts made by them at the time of World War II.

October 9

World Post Day – October 9th
On 9th October 2018, World Post Day was celebrated all over the world.
In 1969, October 9 was declared as World Post Day by Universal Postal Union Congress held in Tokyo, Japan. This day commemorates the anniversary of the establishment of the Universal Postal Union in 1874 in Bern, Switzerland.
This day creates awareness about the role of postal sector in the everyday activities of people its contribution to the social and economic development.
On this day, several countries introduce or promote new postal products and services.

October 10

World Mental Health Day – 10 October
On 10th October 2018, World Mental Health Day was observed all over the world.
In 1992, World Federation for Mental Health declared October 10 as the World Mental Health Day.
This day creates awareness on mental health issues and support needed for mental health.
World Mental Health Day 2018 theme is “Young People and Mental Health in a Changing World”.

Wild Life Week celebrations conclude at Delhi National Zoological Park
The national program of Wild Life Week concluded at the National Zoological Park in New Delhi.
Wildlife Week is observed every year from October 2 to 8.Wildlife Week is celebrated since 1952.
Minister of State of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Dr. Mahesh Sharma addressed the event.
He also inaugurated a bio-methanation plant under an MoU between Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) and Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change. The capacity of plant will be 3 Metric Tonnes per day.

October 11

International Day of the Girl Child – 11th October
International Day of the Girl Child was celebrated on 11th October throughout the world.
In 2011, United Nations General Assembly declared October 11th as International Day of the Girl Child. Since 2012, October 11th is observed as the International Day of the Girl Child.
This day aims to highlight the needs and challenges girls face, and to promote girls’ empowerment and fulfillment of their human rights.
The theme for International Day of the Girl Child 2018 is “With Her: A Skilled Girl Force”.

World Obesity Day – October 11
World Obesity Day was observed on 11th October throughout the world.
The first World Obesity Day was observed in 2015. It is organised by the World Obesity Federation.
This day aims to create awareness about the increasing obesity issues and the diseases related to it. It also aims to support practical solutions for people to achieve a healthy weight and measures to sustain it.
The theme of World Obesity Day focuses on weight stigma.

World Sight Day – October 11
World Sight Day 2018 was observed on 11th october throughout the world.
World Sight Day was established by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2000. It is observed on the second Thursday of October every year. It is coordinated by IAPB (International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness).
This day highlights issues of blindness and vision impairment and efforts needed to support affected people.
Theme for World Sight Day 2018 is “Eye Care Everywhere”.

October 12

National Postal Week 9-15 October, 2018 to be celebrated in Maharashtra
Marking the World Post Day, Department of Posts is celebrating National Postal Week from 9th-15th October, 2018.
Addressing a press conference on this occasion, Chief Post Master General, Maharashtra Circle, Shri H. C. Agarwal informed that 1,293 post offices in Maharashtra are working as Aadhaarcentres and that they have generated 50,594 individual new Aadhaar numbers and have done more than 4 Lakh updates of Aadhaar numbers.
16 Post offices are working as Post Office Passport SevaKendras, providing passport-related services.

World Arthritis Day was observed on 12th October all over the world.
World Arthritis Day was established in 1996 by Arthritis and Rheumatism International (ARI).
This day creates awareness on issues affecting people with rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs). Arthritis is an inflammatory condition causing pain and stiffness in joints.
European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)’s campaign for World Arthritis Day 2018 is “Don’t Delay, Connect Today Campaign”.

October 13

International Day For Disaster Reduction: 13th October
The International Day for Disaster Reduction is observed across the world on October 13th to promote a global culture of risk-awareness and disaster reduction.
The day celebrated how people and communities around the world are reducing their exposure to disasters and raising awareness about the risks associated with them. The theme of the 2018 International Day for Disaster Reduction is ‘Reducing Disaster Economic Losses’.

World Migratory Bird Day – October 13th
World Migratory Bird Day was observed on October 13th all over the world.
In 2017, International Migratory Bird Day (IMBD) and World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD) were merged.
From 2018, World Migratory Bird Day is celebrated twice a year, on the second Saturday in May and in October. In 2018, it was celebrated on 12th May and now on 13th October.
World Migratory Bird Day (WMBD) aims to create awareness on the need for conservation of migratory birds and their habitats.
Theme for World Migratory Bird Day 2018 is “Unifying our Voices for Bird Conservation”. Also 2018 is the “Year of the Bird”.

The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries observes “World Egg Day”
The Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Government of India organized “World Egg Day” on 12th October.
The Minister of State of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare Smt. Krishna Raj was the Chief Guest at the event and Minister of State of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare Shri Parshottam Rupala was the Chairman for the event.
Farmers, members of poultry associations, research scholars, administrators and around 700 participants including poultry farmers attended the event.

October 14

World Standards Day 2018 celebrations highlights the collaboration necessary to a globally inclusive Fourth Industrial Revolution.
World Standards Day is celebrated each year on 14 October to pay tribute to the thousands of experts worldwide that collaborate within IEC, ISO and ITU to develop the voluntary international standards that provide common platforms for growth and innovation.
On this day in 1946, the International Organisation for Standardisation (ISO) was founded.
The ISO is world's largest developer of voluntary International standards.
World Standards Day 2018 Theme: 'Innovation Nation'.

October 15

Rashtriya Mahila Kisan Diwas: 15 October
Rashtriya Mahila Kisan Diwas is celebrated on 15th of October.
In 2016, the Ministry had decided to observe 15th October as RMKD to recognise the contribution of women farmers in various aspects of agriculture including sowing, planting, fertilizing, plant protection, harvesting, weeding, and storage.
Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh addressed the function in New Delhi. Women farmers, entrepreneurs, farming organizations, agricultural scientists and researchers from different states participated in the event.

International Day of Rural Women: 15 October
The International Day of Rural Women is observed on 15th October. The day recognizes the crucial role of women and girls in ensuring the sustainability of rural households and communities, improving rural livelihoods and overall wellbeing.
This year's theme is "Sustainable infrastructure, services and social protection for gender equality and the empowerment of rural women and girls".

October 16

World Food Day: 16 October
World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16th October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations in 1945.
The theme for WFD 2018 is "Our Actions Are Our Future".

October 17

International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 17 October
The United Nations’ (UN) International Day for the Eradication of Poverty is observed on October 17 each year since 1993.
The theme for International Day for the Eradication of Poverty 2018 is "Coming together with those furthest behind to build an inclusive world of universal respect for human rights and dignity".

October 20

World Osteoporosis Day – October 20
World Osteoporosis Day (WOD) takes place every year on October 20, launching a year-long campaign dedicated to raising global awareness of the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease.
Organized by the International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) every year, World Osteoporosis Day involves campaigns by national osteoporosis patient societies from around the world with activities in over 90 countries.
Events and campaigns take place throughout the months leading up to and following WOD.

World Statistics Day - October 20
The United Nation's World Statistics Day is celebrated at an interval of every five years on 20th October.
This day was started in the year 2010. It was last celebrated under the leadership of former General Secretary Ban KiMoon in the year 2015.
The United Nations analyses the statistical data of several countries under a specific theme at an interval of five years on World Statistics Day.
In the year 2010, World Statistics Day theme was 'Celebrating the many
achievements of official statistics'.
In 2015, the theme was 'Better data, better lives', focusing on the critical role of high-quality official statistical information in analysis and informed policy decisionmaking in support of sustainable development.

October 21

National Solidarity day – October 20
National Solidarity day is observed in India on October 20 every year. On October 20, 1962, China started the attacks on India and the Sino-Indian War started.
National Solidarity Day is an annual reminder of fundamental unity. This day honours our Armed Forces who guard our extensive borders.

Air Force Station Nal conducted an outreach programme ‘Vayusena Pradarshani’
Air Force Station Nal conducted an outreach programme ‘Vayusena Pradarshani’, as part of Air Force Day Celebration on 21st October in Bikaner, Rajasthan.
Indian Air Force Day was observed on 8th October 2018, which is the 86th anniversary of Indian Air Force.
Nearly 1.5 lakh people including civilians, armed force personnel, paramilitary forces and around 12000 children from schools and colleges viewed the programme.

October 24

United Nations Day - 24 October
The United Nations Day is celebrated on 24th of October every year. The Day marks the anniversary of the entry into force in 1945 of the UN Charter.
24th October has been celebrated as United Nations Day since 1948. In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly recommended that the day is observed by Member States as a public holiday.

World Development Information Day – 24 October
World Development Information Day was observed on 24th October all over the world.
In 1972, United Nations General Assembly declared October 24 as World Development Information Day coinciding with United Nations Day
On 24 October 1970, the International Development Strategy for the Second United Nations Development Decade was adopted.
This day highlights development problems and the need to strengthen international cooperation to solve them.

World Polio Day – October 24
World Polio Day was observed on 24th October all over the world.
World Polio Day was initiated by Rotary International more than a decade ago to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk, who developed a vaccine against poliomyelitis.
Polio or poliomyelitis is a highly contagious disease caused by poliovirus. It attacks the nervous system. Children less than 5 years of age are highly vulnerable to this disease.
This day aims to create awareness on polio and efforts taken to eliminate this disease.
India received polio-free certification along with the entire South-East Asia Region of WHO (World Health Organisation) on 27th March 2014 by WHO.

October 27

World Day for Audiovisual Heritage - 27 October
World Day for Audiovisual Heritage is celebrated all over the world on 27th of October.
This day creates awareness on the importance of audiovisual documents and the need to take urgent measures to transfer them to digital format to prevent their loss.
The theme for World Day for Audiovisual Heritage 2018 is “Your Story is Moving”.

October 28

International Animation Day – October 28
International Animation Day was celebrated on 28th October all over the world.
In 2002, ASIFA (Association Internationale du Film d’Animation or International Animated Film Association) declared 28th October as International Animation Day.
This day commemorates the first public performance of Charles-Émile Reynaud’s Théâtre Optique at the Grevin Museum in Paris, on 28th October 1892, considered as the birth of animation.
This day highlights and celebrates the art of animation. Every year, ASIFA invites an important animator to create the poster for International Animation Day.
The 2018 International Animation Day poster was created by René Castillo of ASIFA Mexico and his studio of animators.

National Ayurveda Day - October 28
The first National Ayurveda Day was observed on 28 October on the occasion of Dhanwantari Jayanti. The theme for this year is ‘Ayurveda for Prevention and Control of Diabetes‘.
Ayurveda is the traditional Hindu system of medicine based on the idea of balance in bodily systems and uses diet, herbal treatment, and yogic breathing.
It has been incorporated in Atharva Veda, the last of the four Vedas.
To celebrate this day, the Union Ministry of AYUSH had organized a day-long national seminar on Prevention and Control of Diabetes through Ayurveda in New Delhi.

October 29

Vigilance Awareness Week Observed To Achieve Corruption Free Society
The Vigilance Awareness Week will be observed across the country from 29th October to 3 November to promote probity in public life and achieve a corruption-free society. The theme of the week this year is, ‘Eradicate Corruption – Build A New India’.
The observance of the week will commence with pledge taking by public servants in the Ministries, Departments, PSUs, Banks and all other Organisations.

International Internet Day -29th October
International Internet Day is celebrated worldwide, every year on 29th of October. Since the year 2005 the International Internet Day has been famously celebrated to commemorate a momentous day in the history of telecommunications and technology.
This was the event of the sending of the first message, first electronic message which was transferred from one computer to another in 1969.

October 30

Indian Nuclear Physicist Bhaba Was born
Known as the ‘father of the nuclear Program me’ Homi Bhaba was born on 30th October 1909.
A Nuclear Physicist and institution -Builder, he was the founding director of the TATA institute of fundamental Reserch Where he also taught Physics.
It generally believed that Bhaba, who dominated the country’s scientific and nuclear establishments in the first two decades after independence actively pursued the goal of making India a nuclear super power.
World Thrift Day (World Savings Day)
The World Savings Day, also called the World Thrift Day, is celebrated every year on October 30 across the world. The ceremony was introduced in 1924 for promoting the value of bank savings and Re-establish Citizen’s Confidence in Banks.
The Concept of World Savings Day was adopted by the banks of the United States and Spain.
In order to promote better living standards for the people of the nation, banks suggested the concept. World Savings Day was first introduced as the celebration in the form of a holiday in the year 1921.
Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati Jayanthi 
Maharishi Dayanand Jayanti is observed on the Birth Anniversary of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, the founder of Arya Samaj.
The Arya Samaj condemns the Practices of idol worship, Animal Sacrifice, Pilgrimages, Priest Craft, Offerings Made in Temples, the Castes, Child Marriages, Consumption of Meat and Discrimination against Women.
Dayananda Saraswati wrote more than 60 works. One of his Major Scholarly Works is Satyarth Prakash which means The Light of Truth. He died on the Morning of 30th October, 1883 in Rajasthan while Chanting Mantras.

October 31

Rashtriya Ekta Diwas (National Unity Day)

The Government of India observes 31st October all over the country as a day of special ocassion, to foster and reinforce our dedication to preserve and strengthen unity, integrity and security of our nation by celebrating it as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas (National Unity Day) to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.
The Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi take to part in 'Run For Unity' on Patel’s Birth day Celebrations, Which Is Held At Patel’s Village Karamsad In Gujarat.
31st October Is considered as the 304th day Of the Year In the Gregorian calendar, there are 61 days remaining Until the End of the Year.
The Worlds City Day Is Observed Every Year across the World On 31st October
The World Cities Day was established by United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) by passing resolution 68/239 in December 2013.
This day was constituted in Recognition of Significance of Urban Basic Services as Foundation for Overall Social and Economic Development.
The general theme of World Cities Day is “Better City, Better Life”, to promote successes of urbanization and address specific challenges resulting from urbanization
The first World Cities Day is celebrated in Shanghai, China on 31 October 2014 under sub-theme “Leading Urban Transformations”.
The global observation of 2018 World Cities Day was celebrated in Liverpool, United Kingdom.


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