SPECIAL DAYS - 2018 SEPTEMBER

August 1

Earth Overshoot Day 2018 was observed on 1st August.
Earth Overshoot Day is an initiative of Global Footprint Network. Global Footprint Network is an international research organization that is changing how the world measures and manages its natural resources.
The date of Earth Overshoot Day is calculated from data of Global Footprint Network. Earth Overshoot Day marks the date when we all have consumed more from nature than our planet can renew in the entire year.

August 5

International Friendship Day is celebrated on August 5.
Friendship Day is celebrated on the first Sunday of August every year. The day is a popular celebration in several Asian countries since it was first proposed in 1958 in India as the International Friendship Day.
The first World Friendship Day was proposed for 30 July in 1958, by the World Friendship Crusade. On 27 April 2011 the General Assembly of the United Nations declared 30 July as official International Friendship Day. Some countries, including India, celebrate Friendship Day on the first Sunday of August.

August 6

August 6, 2018, marks the 73rd anniversary of the bombing of Hiroshima.
On this day in 1945, the US bomber Enola Gay dropped the first atomic bomb nicknamed ‘Little Boy’ ever used in military combat on Hiroshima.
The Atomic Bomb Dome was located almost directly underneath the explosion was designated as a World Heritage Site in 1996.

August 7

National Handloom Day (NHD-2018) celebrated on August 7.
On  7th  August  National Handloom Day (NHD-2018) was celebrated all over India. The National Handloom Day was launched in 2015. It marks the day on which  Swadeshi movement  was launched.
The Swadeshi Movement was started on 7th August 1905. It celebrated India’s indigenous fabrics, weavers and artisans.
Every year artisans and weavers are awarded ‘Sant Kabir’ awards to encourage their handiwork and Indian craOn  7th  August  2018, National Handloom Day (NHD-2018) was celebrated all over India.
National Handloom Day (NHD-2018):
(i) The National Handloom Day was launched in 2015. It marks the day on which  Swadeshi movement  was launched.
(ii)  The Swadeshi Movement was started on 7th August 1905. It celebrated India’s indigenous fabrics, weavers and artisans.
(iii)  Every year artisans and weavers are awarded ‘Sant Kabir’ awards to encourage their handiwork and Indian crafts.fts.

August 9

The 76th anniversary of Quit India movement named as August Kranti Day was observed in India on 9th August.
Father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi started the Do or Die campaign to drive away Britishers from India.
The movement started from Gawalia Tank in Mumbai. This day is observed as August Kranti Day every year.
To observe the anniversary of Quit India movement, President Ram Nath Kovind hosted the freedom fighters at an At-Home reception at Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi.

International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples was observed all over the world on August 9.
In 1994, the United Nations General Assembly declared August 9 as International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. This day is observed to promote and protect the rights of the world’s indigenous population.
The theme for International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples 2018 is: Indigenous peoples’ migration and movement.
This date marks the day of the first meeting, of the UN Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights in 1982.

August 10

World Biofuel Day was observed every year on August 10.
The Objective of the World Biofuel Day is to raise awareness about the significance of non fossil fuels which can be used as an alternative to fossil fuels.
The World Biofuel Day is being observed by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas for the last three years. Prime Minister Narendra Modi was the Chief Guest for the inaugural session of the World Biofuel Day programme.
On the occasion, Prime Minister launched web portal PARIVESH, a single window for environmental, wildlife, forest and Coastal Regulation Zone clearances. The Prime Minister also released a booklet on ''National Policy on Biofuels - 2018''.
For the Significant use of Biofuel, the Government has also approved the National Policy on Biofuels - 2018 in June 2018. The policy has the objective of reaching 20 per cent ethanol blending and 5 per cent biodiesel blending by 2030.

August 12

18th International Youth Day is celebrated on August 12th.
August 12 is annually celebrated as International Youth Day. 18th International Youth Day. It is an awareness day designated by the United Nations to draw attention to cultural and legal issues surrounding youth.
The Theme for IYD 2018 is: ''Safe space for Youth''. The first IYD was observed on 12 August, 2000.
It was designated by the United Nations in 1999 with the adoption of Resolution 54/120.

6th World Elephant Day is celebrated annually on August 12.
August 12 is annually celebrated as World Elephant Day. It is an international annual event dedicated to the preservation and protection of the world’s elephants.
To celebrate this day in India, the Coochbehar Mountaineers Club (CMC) have started awareness programmes and campaigns at Jaldapara National Park, West Bengal.
It was first conceived by Canadian filmmakers Patricia Sims and Michael Clark of Canazwest Pictures, and Sivaporn Dardarananda, Secretary-General of the Elephant Reintroduction Foundation in Thailand. It was started in August 12, 2012.
It is now supported by over 65 wildlife organizations across the globe.

August 13

International left handers day is celebrated on August 13.
August 13th is celebrated as International left handers day annually. It aims to celebrate the uniqueness and differences of the left handers.
The day was first observed in the year 1976 by Dean R. Campbell, founder of the Lefthanders International, Inc.

August 14

Shaheed Saman Diwas observed in Madhya Pradesh on 14th August.
Shaheed Saman Diwas was observed on 14th August in all districts of Madhya Pradesh.
Madhya Pradesh government had decided to honour families of martyrs of Madhya Pradesh origin, who sacrificed their lives during war, military action and internal security.
Programmes in memory of 602 Martyrs were organised. Families of 13 martyrs were honoured in the programme at Bhopal. Families of 312 Martyrs of Defence, 119 Martyrs of Para Military Forces, 171 of Madhya Pradesh Police were honoured in various districts.
It has been decided to name the school or government building after the Martyrs in the village where they were born or where their family currently lives.

August 15

India celebrated its 72nd Independence Day on 15th August 2018.
India attained independence from the British rule on 15 August 1947. This day is celebrated as Independence Day, every year on August 15, in India.
This day remembers and honours all those who fought and sacrificed their lives for the freedom of India.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi paid tribute to Mahatma Gandhi at Rajghat, and addressed the nation from the Red Fort.

August 18

India pitches for declaring 2019 as International Year of Millets.
India has proposed to declare 2019 as “International Year of Millets” to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations.
India’s agriculture minister Radha Mohan Singh has written a letter to Jose Graziano da Silva, director-general, United Nations FAO.
This proposal aims to create awareness about millets among consumers, policy makers, industry and R&D sector.

August 19

World Photography Day is celebrated on 19th August.
August 19 is celebrated as World photography day. It is celebrated in order to inspire photographers to share their work and to celebrate the art of photography.
The birth of this day dates back to 1839 in France, but it came in to force in 2009.

August 20

World Mosquito Day is observed on 20th August every year.
World Mosquito Day was observed on 20th August every year. This day is an honor of British doctor Sir Ronald Ross’s discovery in 1897 that female mosquitoes transmit malaria between humans. Mosquitoes have been around for over a hundred million years.
World Mosquito Day – August 20. Mosquitoes spread diseases like malaria, West Nile virus, dengue, chikungunya, Zika among human beings.
The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine holds Mosquito Day celebrations every year, including events such as parties and exhibitions, a tradition dating back to as early as the 1930s.

August 21

International Day of Remembrance and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism, 21 August.
UN Secretary-General, Antonio Guterres informed that General Assembly to establish an International Day of Remembrance of and Tribute to the Victims of Terrorism due to Terrorism continues to pose a major threat to international peace and security.
To observe the first International Day, the Permanent Missions of Afghanistan, Belgium, Iraq, Nigeria, and the United States, along with the United Nations Office of Counter-Terrorism (UNOCT) and the Counter-Terrorism Committee Executive Directorate (UNCTED) will launch a multimedia exhibit at the Exhibition Hall, Visitors’ Lobby at the United Nations Headquarters in New York.

World senior citizen day is observed on August 21st.
World Senior Citizen Day was observed worldwide on August 21.
The history of International Senior Citizens Day comes from the period of 1988. It was officially established by the former president of United States of America i.e. Ronald Reagan.
The main aim of observing the World Senior Citizens Day is to raise awareness of the condition of elder people and support them through the process of senescence.
The reason for celebrating this day is to thank and acknowledge elders for all that they have done for their children. They sacrifice their entire life in nurturing their relationships.

August 23

International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and Its Abolition celebrated on August 23.
On the night of 22 to 23 August 1791, Santo Domingo experienced the beginning of the uprising that played an important role in the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade.
This day is commemorated as International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition on 23rd August every year.
This day was first celebrated in a several countries including Haiti on 23rd August 1998. This day remembers the tragedy of the slave trade in memory of the affected people.

August 29

International Day against Nuclear Tests was observed on 29th August all over the world.
In 2009, the United Nations General Assembly declared 29 August as the International Day against Nuclear Tests. The first International Day against Nuclear Tests was observed in 2010.
This day is observed to create awareness on the importance of banning nuclear weapon tests among the United Nations Member States, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, youth networks, media, etc.
Activities like symposia, conferences, exhibits, competitions, publications, lectures in academic institutions, media broadcasts, etc are conducted on this day.

National Sports Day was celebrated on 29th August all over India.
In India, National Sports Day is celebrated on August 29 every year on the birth anniversary of Indian hockey legend Major Dhyan Chand.
Major Dhyan Chand who was born on 29 August 1905 was known for his extraordinary goal-scoring skills. He had won 3 Olympic gold medals in hockey. He passed away on 3rd December 1979.
Every year on National Sports Day, Arjuna and Khel Ratna awards are conferred by the President to extraordinary Indian athletes.
This year it has been postponed to 25 September as the athletes are currently taking part in Asian Games 2018 in Indonesia.

August 30

International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances was observed on 30th August all over the world.
In 2010, the United Nations General Assembly declared 30th August as the International Day of the Victims of Enforced Disappearances. This day was first observed on 30th August 2011.
Enforced disappearance occurs when a person is secretly kidnapped or imprisoned by a state or political organization or a third party, with support of the State, following concealment of information about the person.
This day creates awareness on enforced or involuntary disappearances like arrest, detention, abduction or any other form of enforced disappearances.


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