December 1

India has one-third of world's stunted children: Global nutrition report
India is facing a major malnutrition crisis as it holds almost a third of the world's burden for stunting, according to a global nutrition report.
With 46.6 million children who are stunted, India tops the list of countries followed by Nigeria (13.9 million) and Pakistan (10.7 million), the Global Nutrition Report 2018.
Stunting, or low height for age, is caused by long-term insufficient nutrient-intake and frequent infections.
India also accounted for 25.5 million children who are wasted, followed by Nigeria (3.4 million) and Indonesia (3.3 million).

India has highest number of children and adolescents living with HIV in South Asia: UNICEF report
An estimated 120,000 children and adolescents aged 0-19 were living with HIV in India in 2017, the highest number in South Asia, according a report by UNICEF which warned that around 80 adolescents will be dying of AIDS every day globally by 2030 if progress in preventing transmission is not accelerated.
The report noted that South Asia has made substantial progress in reducing HIV risks and vulnerability among children, adolescents, pregnant women and mothers.
In India, an estimated 120,000 children and adolescents aged 0-19 were living with HIV in 2017. In Pakistan, this number was 5,800, followed by Nepal (1,600) and Bangladesh (less than 1,000), according to the UNICEF report released Children, HIV and AIDS: The World in 2030.’

December 6

UAE Passport Ranked Most Powerful Globally: Arton Capital
Arton Capital launched the passport index named – Global Passport Power Rank 2018, in which United Arab Emirates (UAE) topped the charts, among 197 nations, as the nation having the most powerful passport.
The index, compiled by Arton Capital, ranks national passports based on the number of countries a holder can enter without a visa or by obtaining one on arrival.
UAE is followed by Singapore & Germany in the 2nd place with 166 countries. The bottom 5 countries in the list consist of: Afghanistan at 93rd position, Iraq at 92nd, Pakistan at 91st, Syria at 90th and Somalia at 89th position. India stood at 66th position.

Number of patents granted by India shot up by 50% in 2017: United Nations World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO).
The WIPO’s “World Intellectual Property Indicators 2018” report released in Geneva.
India ranked 10th in the number of patents given last year.
The patents granted by India increased from 8,248 in 2016 to 12,387 last year.
Globally, 1.4 million patents were granted in 2017.
China's patent authority led the world in the number of patents granted with 420,144 and was followed by the US with 318,829.

December 7

India Claims Top Ten In List of World’s Fastest Growing Cities: Study
The top 10 fastest growing cities in the world from 2019 to 2035 are in India, according to Oxford Economics report.
Gujarat’s Surat tops the list followed by Uttar Pradesh’s Agra.
Surat, a diamond processing and trading center in the western state of Gujarat, will see the fastest expansion through 2035, averaging more than 9 percent. Agra and Bangalore gets 2nd and 3rd spot respectively.
Mumbai was termed as the world’s 12th richest city with a total wealth of $950 billion and India is the 6th largest wealth market in the world (in terms of total wealth held) after USA, China, Japan, Germany and the UK.

India 4th highest emitter of CO2: Study
India is the fourth highest emitter of carbon dioxide in the world, accounting for 7 per cent of global emissions in 2017.
Global emissions were China (27%), the US (15%), the European Union (10%) and India (7%), according to the projection by the Global Carbon Project.
The rest of the world contributed 41% last year.
India’s emissions look set to continue their strong growth by an average of 6.3% in 2018, with growth across all fuels - coal (7.1%), oil (2.9%) and gas (6.0%).

December 9

India tops in road deaths; Globally fatalities increase by 1 lakh in 3 years: WHO report
India tops in road deaths with 1.51 lakh road deaths in 2016 and globally the toll of road deaths increased from 1.25 million to 1.35 in a span of three years as per the Global Status Report on Road Safety.
The spike in road deaths globally has come as a shocker considering that the countries had pledged to halve their road deaths by 2020.
The United Nations had declared the 2010-2020 as the Decade of Action for Road Safety. According to the report,at this rate, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) target 3.6 to halve road traffic deaths by 2020 will not be met.

Gender wage gap highest in India, women are paid 34% less than men: ILO
Women are paid the most unequally in India, compared to men, when it comes to hourly wages for labour. On average, women are paid 34 per cent less than men, a recent report by the International Labour Organization (ILO) has found. This gap in wages, known as the gender wage gap, is the highest among 73 countries studied in the report.
The trend holds true globally as well, but with lower levels of inequality among the sexes, where on average, hourly wages of women are 16 per cent less than those of men. Inequality is higher in monthly wages, with a gap of 22 per cent.Overall, real wages grew just 1.8 per cent globally (136 countries) in 2017.
These findings are presented in the flagship publication of the ILO, the Global Wage Report 2018-19.
International Labour Organization Headquarters: Geneva

December 12

Think tank: Russia emerges as world's No. 2 arms producer
Swedish thinktank, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) released its report on the world’s 100 biggest armaments groups and reported Russia has emerged as the world’s second-largest arms producer after the U.S.
Russia surpassed Britain, which had held the spot since 2002 and remains Western Europe’s No. 1 arms maker.
The U.S. topped the list with 42 companies accounting for 57% of total sales, including the world’s largest arms producer, Lockheed Martin Corp.

Climate Change Performance Index: Sweden tops in the Ranking, India at 11th position
The Climate Change Performance Index 2019 was released on the sidelines of COP24 UN Summit in Katowice, Poland.
The index was produced by the New Climate Institute, Climate Action Network and Germanwatch.
No countries were in the top three ranks because none did well in all categories assessed.But among the league of nations, Sweden topped as the 4th country (for the second time as on 2017) followed by Morocco in the 5th position.
India ranked 11th and other neighboring countries of India ranked the following: China (33).

December 13

Scientists Crown Tiny Ant as having The "Fastest Animal Movement" On The Planet
A study, published in the journal Royal Society Open Science, scientists found that the Dracula ant possesses the fastest animal movement on record.
With speeds of up to 90 metres per second or 200 miles per hour, the ants can snap-jaws and power up their mandibles by pressing the tips together.

December 18

India ranks 108th in WEF gender gap index; scores third-lowest on health
India made no improvement in the overall gender gap ranking by the World Economic Forum (WEF) in 2018, compared to 2017. It stood at a low 108 out of the 149 countries in 2018, the same as in 2017.
India maintains a stable ranking this year, but its gap is directionally larger this year, with a 33% gap yet to be bridged.
India ranked lower on all segments - economic participation and opportunity, educational attainment, health and survival ranking, and political empowerment. It (India) needs to make improvements across the board, from women’s participation to getting more women into senior and professional roles.

December 20

Delhi ranks 7th in most expensive office locations in World: Report
Delhi has been placed at 7th place in terms of most expensive premium office locations in the world. The report was released by JLL India, a real estate services firm.
As per the reports, office rent at premium office location of the national capital is more than that of office rent in San Francisco and Dubai. According to the latest report by JLL India, a real estate services firm.
The list also features Mumbai at 16th place where office rents are higher than Los Angeles, Singapore, Paris and Sydney.
Here are top 5 cities in the list: Hong Kong, London, New York, Beijing and Tokyo

December 21

US watchdog FAA retains highest aviation safety ranking for India
The US regulator Federation of Aviation Administration (FAA) retained the highest aviation safety ranking for India. According to FAA, India’s International Aviation Safety Assessment (IASA) rating remains 'Category 1'.
This ranking was based on an audit of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) in July 2018. This showed India’s adherence to the standards laid down by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and oversight of Indian Airlines.
Category 1 means the carriers from the assessed state may initiate or continue service to the US in a normal manner and take part in reciprocal code-share arrangements with American carriers.

December 22

Startup Rankings: Gujarat Tops India’s Startup Rankings
Gujarat has emerged as the best-performing state in the Startup Ranking 2018. The National Report on States' Startup Ranking was unveiled by Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry in New Delhi.
Karnataka, Kerala, Odisha and Rajasthan, with a score of more than 85 percentile, have been adjudged the top performers.
Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chhatisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Telangana have been recognised as Leaders. 27 states and 3 union territories participated in the ranking process.

December 29

Indian Oil, ONGC, NTPC most profitable PSUs in FY18: Public Enterprises Survey 2017-18
Indian Oil Corporation, ONGC and NTPC emerged as the top three most profitable PSUs in 2017-18, while BSNL, Air India and MTNL incurred the highest losses for the second consecutive year, according to a survey tabled in Parliament.
The Public Enterprises Survey 2017-18, which mapped the performance of central public sector units, revealed that the top ten loss making PSUs claimed 84.71 per cent of the total losses made by all the 71 CPSEs.
The three star performers, including Indian Oil Corporation, Oil & Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) and NTPC, contributed 13.37 per cent, 12.49 per cent and 6.48 per cent, respectively to the total profit earned by CPSEs during 2017-18, the survey revealed.
The three worst performing PSUs, including BSNL, Air India and MTNL, contributed 52.15 per cent of the total loss incurred by CPSEs in 2017-18.

December 30

India submits Sixth National Report to the Convention of Biological Diversity (CBD)
Dr. Harsh Vardhan on behalf of the Indian government submitted India’s 6th National Report (NR6) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at the inaugural session of the 13th National Meeting of the State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs) in New Delhi.
The meeting was organized by the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC).
India is among the first five countries in the world, the first in Asia and the first among the bio-diversity rich megadiverse countries to have submitted NR6 to the CBD Secretariat.
The NR6 provides an update of progress in achievement of 12 National Biodiversity Targets (NBT) developed under the Convention process in line with the 20 global Aichi biodiversity targets.
According to the report, India has exceeded/ overachieved two NBTs, it is on track to achieve eight NBTs and in respect of the remaining two NBTs also within the stipulated time of 2020.

Greenhouse gas emissions up 22% between 2010 and 2014
India’s total greenhouse gas emissions grew by more than 22 per cent between 2010 and 2014, reaching a level of 2.6 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent in 2014, according to official data put out by government.
The Cabinet on cleared a climate change action report that India, like every other country, has to submit to the secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change every two years, Called the biennial update report, or BUR, the submission contains the national greenhouse gas inventory among other information.