May 1

India had 14 out of world’s 20 most polluted cities in terms of PM2.5 levels in 2016: WHO
Delhi and Varanasi are among the 14 Indian cities that figure in a list of 20 most polluted cities in the world in terms of PM2.5 levels in 2016, data released by the WHO.
And nine out of 10 people in the world breathe air containing high levels of pollutants.
Other Indian cities that registered very high levels of PM2.5 pollutants were Kanpur, Faridabad, Gaya, Patna, Lucknow, Agra, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Gurgaon, Jaipur, Patiala and Jodhpur followed by Ali Subah Al-Salem in Kuwait and a few cities in China and Mongolia.

May 2

US is ‘top choice’ for Indian travellers: RCI report
There was a 13 per cent growth in the number of Indians taking vacations abroad in 2017-18, according to a report released by global timeshare firm RCI.
The report, which studied holiday and vacation patterns of 50,000 RCI members in India, found that the US was the most preferred destination in 2017-18 while for those headed for Europe, Switzerland and Spain were the top choices.

May 3

India slips 3 notches, but still in the reckoning in AT Kearney’s FDI Index
India has slipped three notches to the 11th position in the AT Kearney Foreign Direct Investment Confidence Index for 2018.
The US remained in the top position for investment intentions with Canada rising to the second position while Germany fell to the third.
Overall, India remains among the top investment destinations due to its sheer market size and rapid economic growth.

May 4

India among top 5 defence spenders: SIPRI report
India and China were among the five biggest military spenders which together accounted for 60 per cent of the total global defence expenditure of USD 1.739 trillion in 2017.
In a report of Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) China’s military expenditure rose again in 2017, continuing an upward trend that has lasted for more than two decades.
According to the arms watchdog, the five top military spenders in 2017 were the US, China, Saudi Arabia, Russia and India.

May 8

India ranks 4th in Asia-Pacific on power index
India has ranked fourth out of 25 nations in the Asia-Pacific region on an index that measures their overall power, with the country being pegged as a "giant of the future" but trails behind in indicators of defence networks and economic relationships.
The Lowy Institute Asia Power Index measures power across 25 countries and territories in the Asia-Pacific region, reaching as far west as Pakistan, as far north as Russia, and as far into the Pacific as Australia, New Zealand and the US.

India slips to 6th spot in biz optimism index; sentiment weakest since 2014: Thornton
With business sentiment at the "weakest" in four years, India slipped to the 6th position globally in the business optimism index for the first quarter of this year.
Business optimism is however at an "all-time high" globally with the index at net 61 per cent, the highest figure recorded in 15 years of research, as per Grant Thornton's quarterly global business survey released.

May 9

Narendra Modi among top 10 most powerful people in the world: Forbes
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been ranked among the top 10 most powerful people in the world by Forbes in a list that has been topped for the first time ever by Chinese President Xi Jinping, who dethroned Russian President Vladimir Putin as the most influential person on the planet.
Mr. Modi ranks 9th on the Forbes 2018 list of 75 of 'The World’s Most Powerful People' who make the world turn.
There are nearly 7.5 billion humans on planet Earth, but these 75 men and women make the world turn. Forbes’ annual ranking of The World’s Most Powerful People identifies one person out of every 100 million.

May 14

India witnessed highest number of Internet shutdowns in 2017-18: UNESCO report
People in South Asian countries experienced at least 97 instances of Internet shutdown, a barometer on freedom of press and expression, between May 2017 and April 2018, with India alone accounting for 82 such cases.
According to the Clampdowns and Courage-South Asia Press Freedom Report 2017-18, released recently by the UNESCO-International Federation of Journalists, Pakistan witnessed 12 instances of Internet shutdown, while Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka reported one such case each.
Internet shutdown and deliberate slowdowns are increasing the world over and are now also a barometer on press freedom and freedom of expression controls.
South Asia has witnessed the highest number of Internet shutdowns globally, with India earning the dubious crown for the country with the highest number of Internet shutdowns.

May 15

India third largest solar market in the world: Mercom Communications
India emerged as the third largest solar market in the world in 2017 behind China and the US by Mercom Communications India in a report.
In 2017, India emerged as the third largest solar market having grown at a CAGR of approximately 170 per cent since 2010.
As per the report, India set a new record with 9.6 GW of solar installations in 2017, which was more than double the 4.3 GW installed in 2016.
The robust growth boosted the country's total solar installed capacity to 19.6 GW as of December 2017.

May 16

Swachh rankings are out, Indore gets cleanest city tag
For the second consecutive year, Indore has been named India’s cleanest city under Swachh Survekshan 2018, followed by Bhopal and Chandigarh.
The results of Swachh Survekshan 2018 a survey aimed at assessing all the municipal cities in the country for their progress on the government’s flagship Swachh Bharat Mission, were announced by Minister of State for Housing Hardeep Singh Puri.
Surprisingly, the Ministry of Urban Affairs did not release the full data comprising all the cities and their respective position in the cleanliness survey.
Moreover, the list of cities does not mention Delhi’s municipal bodies anywhere in the ranking.

May 23

India ranks 145th among 195 countries in healthcare access, quality: Lancet Study
India ranked 145th among 195 countries in terms of Healthcare access and quality (HAQ) index in the year 2016, behind its neighbours like China, Bangladesh, SriLanka and Bhutan.
The index was released as part of Global Burden of Disease study released by Lancet, one of the world’s oldest and best known peer-reviewed general medical journals.
The study used index to measure quality and accessibility of healthcare, based on 32 causes of death which should be preventable with effective medicalcare.
Each of 195 countries and territories assessed were given score between 0 (lowest)-100 (highest).
For the first time, it also analysed healthcare access and quality between regions within seven countries: Brazil, China, India, England, Japan, Mexico, and US.

Worsening air quality major cause of premature deaths, study finds
Worsening air quality in the last two decades has emerged as one of the major reasons for high numbers of premature deaths, a new study conducted in 11 north Indian cities.
The findings titled ‘Know what you breathe’, were researched by Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)-Delhi in collaboration with environmental NGO Centre for Environment and Energy Development (CEED).
The report found annual mortality linked to air pollution to be in the range of 150-300 persons per 1 lakh population.
The study was conducted in seven cities of Uttar Pradesh (Allahabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, Meerut, Varanasi and Gorakhpur), three cities of Bihar (Patna, Gaya and Muzaffarpur), and the capital of Jharkhand, Ranchi.

May 24

India moves one notch up to 44th rank in IMD's competitiveness rankings
India has moved one notch higher, to the 44th place in terms of competitiveness, in the annual rankings compiled by International Institute for Management Development (IMD) which placed the US in the top slot.
The US became the most competitive economy globally driven by its strength in economic performance and infrastructure, followed by Hong Kong and Singapore in the second and third place, respectively.
The Netherlands and Switzerland were the other two nations in the top five slots.

May 25

India among top 3 countries most targeted for phishing: Report
Phishing and malware-based attacks are the most Prolific online fraud tactics globally and India is one of the top three target countries for such attacks.
According to the RSA Quarterly Fraud Report for the period between January 1 to March 31, 2018, phishing accounted for 48 per cent of all cyber-attacks.
The report that contains fraud attack and consumer fraud data and analysis, noted that Canada, the United States, India and Brazil were the country’s most targeted by phishing.
Other most phishing-targeted countries include Brazil in the fourth place, Netherlands (5th), Colombia (6th), Spain (7th), Mexico (8th), Germany (9th) and South Africa (10th).

May 27

Demand for cyber security jobs high in 2017: Indeed
The demand for cyber security roles has seen a huge jump in the last one year ahead of GDPR that came into effect from May 25.
The report by the Indeed, a job search platform, stated that cyber security roles saw a jump of 150 per cent between January 2017 and March 2018.
There was also a spike in the number of job postings in the same time period for data protection roles, which have seen an increase of 143 per cent, while the number of job searches for the same have risen by 188 per cent.

May 28

UN recognition likely for Cochin International Airport Ltd’s energy project
United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) gave recognition to the Cochin International Airport as world’s first fully solar energy-powered airport.
It is the largest and busiest airport of Kerela and was constructed in 1999.
The airport has 46,150 solar panel across 45 acres of land in the cargo complex of the airport. It produces 15MWp solar power.
This airport consumes 50000 units of electricity daily and is completely dependent on solar power.
It saves 3 lakh tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions and runs on green technology. This plant is equivalent to 30lakh trees.
It was the first airport to be built in Public Private Partnership (PPP).

May 29

Indian firms all for employees sharing cabs, lodging: Survey
As the concept of ‘sharing economy’ takes wings, large companies in India are increasingly directing their employees to use ‘on-the-go’ services rather than opt for concierge services, a new survey commissioned by American Express has revealed.
Sixty per cent of Indian CFOs surveyed agreed that their company’s travel policy now allows employees to use ‘sharing economy’ services (ride sharing services like Uber or lodging services such as AirBnB) when travelling on business, showed the 11th edition of the Amex Global Business & Spending Outlook Survey.
As many as 40 CFOs of Indian companies with revenues in excess of $500 million each were covered in the annual cross-industry survey, which, in all, had 870 CFO respondents across 21 countries. The survey was conducted by Institutional Investor Thought Leadership Studio.

May 30

Microsoft becomes third most valuable firm, surpasses Alphabet
Microsoft has surpassed Alphabet, the parent company of Google, in the market capitalization for the first time in three years, becoming the third most valuable firm after Apple and Amazon globally.
According to a report in Investor's Business Daily, Microsoft had a market cap of $753 billion at the close of trading, almost $14 billion ahead of Alphabet.
Apple leads with a market cap of nearly $924 billion and Amazon is at distant second, with nearly $783 billion.
The credit for Microsoft's rise goes to its CEO Satya Nadella who has been strategically restructuring the company towards Cloud and Office offerings.