SURVEYS - 2018 NOVEMBER

November 1

Ease of Doing Business Index 2019: India Ranks 77th, New Zealand Tops.
India jumped 23 positions in the World Bank's Ease of Doing Business Index 2019 and is now ranked 77 out of 190 countries in 2018, a development that could help the country attract more foreign investments. 
According to the Doing Business Report (DBR, 2019), New Zealand topped the list, followed by Singapore, Denmark, and Hong Kong. India has become the top-ranked country in South Asia for the first time and third among the BRICS. 
About The World Bank:
Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States
President: Jim Yong Kim

November 2

India will become 3rd largest aviation market in world by 2020: Foreign Secretary.
 Foreign Secretary Vijay KeshavGokhale announced that India is aimed at laying 40 kilometers of highways every day by 2018 and 2019 - a three-time jump from four years ago.
Projects which lift India's position to 3rd largest aviation market by 2020 are:
Chabahar port being developed in Iran to improve connectivity to the West.
Activities in Bangladesh include inland waterways container ports.
The Kaladanproject  being implemented in Myanmar.

PatherPanchaliSatyajit Ray’s epic masterpiece, has been included in BBCs list of 100 best foreign language films.
The film was released in 1955 and the first in Ray’s Apu trilogy was placed at number 15 in the list, which was topped by Akira Kurosawa’s Seven Samurai.
It is based on BibhutibhushanBandyopadhyay's 1929 Bengali novel of the same name and is Ray's directorial debut.
PatherPanchali depicts the childhood of the protagonist Apu (Subir Banerjee) and his elder sister Durga (Uma Dasgupta) and the harsh village life of their poor family.

November 3

Kolkata tops in public transport index: Ola
according to a study named ‘Ease of Moving Index’ by Ola Mobility Institute, city of Kolkata topped among all metro cities in public transport.
 80% of people in cities - would prefer using public transport over personal vehicles.
 Kolkata secured the highest score while Patna and Bhubaneswar topped the list for growing and emerging cities. Kolkata outscored the other metros in terms of cleanliness and tops the charts when it comes to affordability of public transport.
 People in Chennai are the heaviest users of public transport among the metro cities while Mumbai scores lowest. 51% residents of Mumbai preferred public transport than the personal vehicles.
 New Delhi was rated highly in terms of safety and ranked the best among the big cities in affording  parking space to its residents. New Delhi also has the best surface quality of roads.
 In Hyderabad, highest coverage of public transport.
Following shows the overall metrocity scores:

Rank
Metro City
1
Kolkata
2
New Delhi
3
Chennai
4
Hyderabad
5
Bangalore
6
Mumbai

About OLA:
Headquarters: Bengaluru  
CEO & Co-founder: Bhavish Agarwal.

November 4

49th edition of the IFFI 2018 to be held in Goa
Israel is the focus country at the International Film Festival (IFFI).
Under International Competition section, 15 films will be presented out of which three are Indian.
The Mainstream Cinema Official Selection for Indian Panorama Film Section at IFFI were Mahanati (Telugu), Tiger Zinda Hai (Hindi), Padmavaat (Hindi), Raazi (Hindi).
Capital city: Panaji
C.M: Manohar Parrikar
Governor: Mridual Sinha

18th Indian Ocean Rim Association Council of Ministers Meeting Held in Durban
The 18th Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) Council of Ministers Meeting was held in Durban, South Africa. Gen. (Dr.) VK Singh (Retd.), Minister of State for External Affairs, attended the IORA Council of Ministers Meeting.
This meeting took place during the on-going celebrations of the 150th year of the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and the 100th birth anniversary of Nelson Mandela.

November 5

Singapore is Asia’s most sustainable city: Arcadis.
Singapore has maintained its rank as number one Asian city in the Sustainability Index by engineering firm Arcadis.
The Sustainability Index assessed cities based on 3 pillars, profit pillar, people pillar and planet pillar.
Singapore secured fourth place in global rankings. As per the study, Singapore ranked first for the profit pillar that assesses the business environment and economic performance of cities.
 As per the study, Singapore is one of the world’s most active Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAV) testing environments.

India ranked 12th in web-borne threats.
According to a report by global cybersecurity company, ‘Kaspersky Lab’, India is ranked 12th worldwide when it comes to the dangers associated with surfing the web.
In the third quarter (July - September), 32.8% of the users were attacked by web-borne threats in India.
Kaspersky Lab products detected 48,093,743 Internet-borne malware incidents on the computers of KSN participants in India.

November 10

Study finds unemployment rate at 6.9%, a 2-year high
Unemployment rate in the country rose to 6.9% in October, the highest in two years, according to a report by the Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE). The estimated number of people employed during October 2018 was 397 million.
This was 2.4% lower than the rate in October 2017. Around 407 million individuals were estimated to be employed during the same period in 2017. Only 39.5% of the adult population was employed in October 2018.

November 12

India is world’s 2nd-biggest emitter of carbon dioxide: World Energy Outlook
The International Energy Agency in its latest report titled ‘World Energy Outlook’ stated that India will overtake the U.S. to become the world’s 2nd-biggest emitter of carbon dioxide from the power sector before 2030. .
Carbon dioxide emissions from India’s power sector are expected to rise nearly 80 per cent by 2040 as power use almost triples.China will remain the biggest emitter.
The International Energy Agency HQs: Paris, France

November 14

Iceland is the safest country to visit, while India is the fourth dangerous: Report
According to a report by Which? Travel, Iceland is the safest country to visit.
It ranked 20 of the most popular destinations around the world for its safety.
The data was compiled after considering several factors like crime rates, the likelihood of terrorist attacks, natural disasters and health concerns.
Iceland topped the charts with the lowest risk of a natural disaster as well as crime rates.
It was followed by UAE, Singapore, Spain and Australia in the top 5.
South Africa came last owing to a high risk of crime, health and terrorism.
Turkey was ranked the second most dangerous preceded by Thailand, India and Mexico.

November 18

Fitch affirms India's rating at 'BBB-'; outlook stable
Credit rating agency Fitch affirmed India's 'Long-Term Foreign-Currency Issuer Default Rating' (IDR) at 'BBB-' with a stable outlook.
India's ratings balance a strong medium-term growth outlook and favourable external balances relative to peers with weak fiscal finances, a fragile financial sector and some lagging structural factors.

November 21

India slips two places to 53rd position on global talent ranking; Switzerland on top
India has slipped two places to rank 53rd Position in Global Annual talent ranking released by renowned IMD Business School, Switzerland.
Switzerland retained the top position for the fifth consecutive year. Denmark attained 2nd rank,while Norway attained 3rd rank.
Singapore also topped the Asia region with 13th rank while China is ranked 39th.

November 22

Malaria Cases declined by 24% in India: WHO report
The World Health Organisation (WHO) in a report stated that India is the only country to have recorded a substantial decline in malaria cases in 2017 out of the 11 highest burden countries worldwide.
India registered a 24% reduction in cases over 2016, largely due to substantial declines of the disease in the highly malarious state of Odisha, home to approximately 40 percent of all malaria cases in the country. According to the report, India accounted for 4% of global malaria cases in 2017.

UK India Business Council Releases fourth annual Ease of Doing Business in India report
The 'UK India Business Council Ease of Doing Business Report' has been released. It highlighted that UK businesses perceptions of corruption as a barrier to operating in India has halved since 2015.
An in-depth survey of businesses with a combined turnover of USD 122 billion, the report found only 25% of UK businesses saw corruption as a major barrier in 2018, as opposed to 51% in 2015. 46% of UK businesses responding had plans to expand their investments in India in the next 12 months.

November 23

India ranked 5th in the list of most vacation deprived nation in the world: Expedia
Expedia Vacation Deprivation Report 2018 stated that India is among the most vacation deprived nation in the world ranking 5th among the 19 surveyed countries.
India ranked 5th in the list of most vacation deprived nation in the world Expedia.
It was done by Expedia, a US based travel agency. It ranked 5th in the table after Japan, Italy, Australia, New Zealand.
As per data, 53 per cent of Indians take fewer vacation days than they get. 35% don’t take leave as work schedule does not allow for vacation. 68% of Indians have ended up cancelling their vacation due to work.

November 24

Andhra Pradesh tops in employability level among states: India Skills Report 2019
Andhra Pradesh has emerged on top in terms of employability among the states with the engineering graduates having the highest level of employability, according to India Skills Report-2019.
Employability level of B.Tech and B.E graduates from the state shot up significantly to 63.11% this year from 42.08% last year.
MBA and polytechnic graduates’ employability increased to 47.18% and 45.90% respectively against 44.90 per cent and 35.85 per cent respectively the previous year.
The report is a joint initiative of Wheebox, a global talent assessment company, PeopleStrong, a leading HR Tech company and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII).

November 27

Andaman & Nicobar Islands home to tenth of India’s fauna species: ZSI
According to a publication by the Zoological Survey of India titled ‘Faunal Diversity of Biogeographic Zones: Islands of India’, the Andaman & Nicobar Islands which comprises only 0.25% of country’s geographical area is home to 11,009 fauna species thereby putting the numbers of fauna species found in the Island to more than 10% of the country’s total fauna species.
The presence of a large number of species in such a small area makes the Andaman and Nicobar Islands one of the richest ecosystems and biodiversity hot spots in India.
Among the 46 terrestrial mammalian species found, three species have been categorised as Critically Endangered - Andaman shrew (Crocidura andamanensis), Jenkin’s shrew (C. jenkinsi) and Nicobar shrew (C. nicobarica). Five species are listed as Endangered, nine species as Vulnerable, and one species as Near Threatened.

November 29

Global Water Monitor & Forecast Watch List released by IScience US based limited liability Corporation
According to the latest edition of Global Water Monitor & Forecast Watch List , released by IScience (US-based limited liability Corporation), Water deficits will increase and intensify in India in 2019.
Exceptional water deficits occur throughout Gujarat in the west and severe to exceptional deficits from Madhya Pradesh through Karnataka, as well as in Punjab, Rajasthan, Haryana, and India’s far northeast.
The forecast predicts severe to exceptional surplus water for regions including Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Mizoram. Moderate to severe deficits were forecast for Bihar.
The monsoon rain deficits, caused due to the effect of El Niño, have caused drought-like conditions in almost a third of Indian districts.

Inclusive Wealth Report 2018 released by the UN Environment in Paris, France
UN Environment released the 3rd edition of ‘Inclusive Wealth Report 2018’ and an Inclusive Wealth Index on margins of UN Environment Finance Initiative Global Roundtable in Paris, France.
According to the preliminary finding, the Republic of Korea, Singapore and Malta topped the chart of biennial survey of growth in the wealth of nations.
44 of the 140 countries – more than a third – ranked in the report’s Inclusive Wealth Index have declined in inclusive wealth per head since 1998.
India’s economic growth had a major effect on its natural assets like forests, food and clean air.
The average growth rate of gross state domestic product (GSDP) during 2005-15 for almost all the states were around 7-8% and 11 states registered a decline in their natural capital.
UN Environment Programme Headquarters: Nairobi, Kenya



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