October 1

Haryana’s Maharashi Dayanand University declared cleanest government university by HRD Ministry
Haryana's Maharashi Dayanand University has been ranked the cleanest government university by the HRD Ministry followed by Guru Nanak Dev University in neighbouring Punjab's Amritsar.
Union Human Resource Development Minister Prakash Javadekar announced the "Swachh Campus rankings" under different categories.
The Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences (ILBS) in the national capital has been ranked third among the government institutions followed by the Algappa University in Karaikudi and the Acharya Nagarjuna University in Guntur.

October 3

India moves up to 28th rank in govt e-payment adoption: Survey
India's overall ranking on the government's adoption of e-payments has moved up to 28th in 2018, from 36th in 2011, but it needs to do more on digital infrastructure access and socio-economic factors.
The country is taking "rapid strides" in advancing government e-payments capabilities and is one of the top- performing countries in terms of citizen-to-government (C2G), business-to-government (B2G) and government-to-business (G2B) transactions.
The country holds the top ranking on B2G and G2B, and comes third on C2G jointly with Argentina.
Norway leads the pack in the 73-country ranking, followed by France and Denmark.

October 4

Apple world's top brand, Facebook slips to 9th spot: Report
Apple displaced Google to become the top brand in the world in 2018 while Facebook, mired in data breach controversies, fell to ninth place in the top 100 brands globally.
According to global brand consultancy Interbrand's "Best 100 Global Brands 2018" report, Amazon achieved a 56 per cent growth to become the third top brand globally.
According to the ranking, Apple's brand value grew 16 per cent (year-on-year) to $214.5 billion. It went on to become the first company in the US to hit the $1 trillion market cap.

Mukesh Ambani emerges as richest Indian for 11th consecutive year: Forbes
Reliance Industries' Chairman Mukesh Ambani has emerged as the richest Indian for the 11th consecutive year with a net worth of USD 47.3 billion, according to Forbes magazine. Ambani is also the year's biggest gainer, adding USD 9.3 billion to his wealth amid the continuing success of his Reliance Jio broadband telco service.
As per the 'Forbes India Rich List 2018', Wipro Chairman Azim Premji has retained the second spot, adding USD 2 billion to his wealth at USD 21 billion. while ArcelorMittal Chairman and CEO Lakshmi Mittal moved a place ahead to the third slot with a net worth of USD 18.3 billion, increasing his wealth by USD 1.8 billion.
Mittal is followed by the Hinduja brothers at with a net worth of USD 18 billion and Pallonji Mistry with USD 15.7 billion.

October 6

One in three companies in India prefer hiring men: World Economic Forum.
The WEF “Future of Work in India” report is prepared with the Observer Research Foundation (ORF).
The study also found that while one in three companies preferred hiring men, only one in 10 companiessaid they wanted to hire more women..
The study also found that women are entering the workforce at a slower rate than current female workforce participation.

October 9

World Bank: East Asia-Pacific to grow 6.3% in 2018.
The October 2018 edition of the World Bank East Asia and Pacific Economic Update also warned of uncertainty in the region owing to trade tensions, higher US interest rates, a stronger US dollar and financial market volatility in many emerging economies.

October 10

Japanese passport ranked world's most powerful, India remains unchanged.
Japan has overtaken Singapore to claim the world's most powerful passport spot on the 2018 Henley Passport Index, having gained visa-free access to Myanmar earlier this month.
The Henley Passport Index is the original ranking of all the world's passports according to the number of destinations their holders can access without a prior visa.
The Indian passport has secured the 81st rank with visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 60 destinations.

October 11

Coca-Cola, PepsiCo, and Nestlé found to be worst plastic polluters worldwide in global cleanups and brand audits.
Coca-Cola, PepsiCo and Nestlé were the most frequent companies identified in 239 cleanups and brand audits spanning 42 countries and six continents.
Coca-Cola was the top polluter in the global audit, with Coke-branded plastic pollution found in 40 of the 42 participating countries.
This brand audit effort is the most comprehensive snapshot of the worst plastic polluting companies around the world.

IMF projects India’s growth rate at 7.3% in 2018, 7.4% in 2019.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) forecasted a growth rate of 7.3 per cent for India in the current year of 2018 and that of 7.4 per cent in 2019. In 2017, India had clocked a 6.7 per cent growth rate.
The latest growth prediction for India, however, is slightly lower than what was predicted in April 2018 World Economic Outlook for 2019 due to the recent increase in oil prices and tightening of global financial conditions.

October 12

India’s first ever National Environment Survey to start in Jan 2019.
India’s first ever National Environment Survey (NES) will be kicked off from 55 districts across 24 states and three Union Territories in January, 2019.
The Environmental Information System (ENVIS) will conduct the survey through its hubs and resource partners across the country.
The NES will rank all the districts on their environmental performance and document their best green practices
The NES for the first time will provide primary data on all the green heads in the same way that the National Sample Survey (NSS) periodically collects various socio-economic data.
Ministry of Environment, Forest & Climate Change (MoEFCC): Dr. Harsh Vardhan.
India lost USD 79.5 billion from climate-related disasters in 20 years: UN report
The UN report highlights the impact of extreme weather events on the global economy.
The report titled ‘Economic Losses, Poverty and Disasters 1998-2017’ was compiled by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction.
It states that the years between 1998 to 2017 have seen a dramatic rise of 151 per cent in direct economic losses from climate-related disasters.
Illustrating the growing threat from climate change, extreme weather events now account for 77 per cent of total economic losses of USD 2.245 trillion.

October 13

Strengthening Forest Fire Management will help India meet its Long-Term Climate Change Goal, says new report.
The report was  jointly prepared by the Ministry of Environment, Forest, and Climate Change (MoEFCC) and the World Bank.
The report states that forest fires are the leading cause of forest degradation in India.
Inspite of having increased forest cover to over 20 percent of its geographical area, regeneration is either inadequate or absent in about 45 percent of all forest areas.
The report also discusses policies on forest fire prevention and management (FFPM) at the national, state and local levels.
It recommended five broad themes for better measures–Policy,Institutions and capacity,Community engagement,Technology, andData and information.

India ranks 115 in World Bank's Human Capital Index; govt dismisses report.
The World Bank ranked India 115th among 157 countries in its first-ever Human Capital Index (HCI).
India’s neighbours Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka were better placed at 106th, 102nd and 74th position, respectively. The index took into account parameters like child mortality, health and education.
Singapore topped the poll after it was highly rated for its universal health care system, education exams results and life expectancy figures. It is followed by South Korea, Japan, Hong Kong and Finland.

Global Hunger Index 2018: Belarus Tops, India Ranks 103rd
The Global Hunger Index 2018 report was prepared jointly by global NGOs namely, Concern Worldwide (Ireland) and Welthungerhilfe (Germany).
The 2018 Global Hunger Index (GHI) indicates that the level of hunger and undernutrition worldwide falls into the serious category, at a value of 20.9, down from 29.2 in 2000. As per the index, India was ranked 103rd out of 119 qualifying countries.

October 14

Stanford University was named as World’s Most Progressive College by Reuters news company rankings.
No Indian university was capable to make it to the record.
The Reuters’ best 100 World’s Most Progressive University ratingrecognises universities from throughout the earth for their perform in inventing new systems, progress science and electricity new marketplaces and industries.
It was to start with revealed in 2015, because then there has been no mention of any Indian college in the checklist.

44% Indians worry about unemployment, corruption the most, reveals survey.
Unemployment, financial and political corruption, as also crime and violence are among the key issues bothering Indians the most.
The survey - 'What Worries the World' conducted by the Ipsos, an independent market research company - shows that 44 per cent of respondents in respect to India are bothered about unemployment, and financial and political corruption.

October 15

Ashwini Kumar Choubey releases analytical report of the National Health Profile - 2018.
Shri Ashwini Kumar Choubey, Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare released an Analytical Report of the National Health Profile - 2018 prepared by the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI), under the aegis of the Directorate General of Health Services at Patna.
The National Health Profile covers demographic, socio-economic, health status and health finance indicators, along with comprehensive information on health infrastructure and human resources in health.

October 18

India ranks 58th out of 140 economies on Global Competitiveness Index 2018: WEF
According to the report, India is a remarkable example of a country that has been able to accelerate on the pathway to innovation due to the quality of its research institutions
The United States is the closest economy to the frontier of Global Competitiveness Index, the ideal state, where a country would obtain the perfect score on every component of the index.
It is followed by Singapore and Germany at second and third place consecutively.

October 20

TCS surpassed Accenture as largest IT firm servicing banks.
Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) Ltd’s quarterly earnings from the financial sector have edged past that of Accenture Plc, which is nearly double its size, making the Mumbai-based company the world’s largest pure-play information technology (IT) and consulting firm servicing mega banks and insurers.
Financial services sector is the largest buyer of services and solutions from IT and consulting firms, and in the last decade, Accenture has managed to retain its sectoral dominance.

October 22

IIT - Bombay tops in QS ranking of Indian institutions.
Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, has topped the first-ever standalone ranking of Indian higher education institutions by QS, a think tank that is famous for bringing out world rankings of institutions.
Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru, which tops Indian institutions in almost all rankings, stands second.
QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). Previously known as Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings.
Being the only international ranking to have received International Ranking Expert Group (IREG) approval,the QS ranking is viewed as one of the three most-widely read university rankings in the world.

October 25

Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) among top 10 firms to get Foreign Labour Certification For H-1B Visas.
TCSis the only Indian company among top 10 firms to get foreign labour certification for the H-1B visas for the fiscal year 2018, according to data from the US Department of Labour.
The H-1B visas are the most sought-after among Indian IT professionals.
The visa programme allows employers to temporarily employ foreign workers in the US on a non-immigrant basis in specialty occupations or as fashion models of distinguished merit and ability.
London-headquartered Earnest and Young, a multinational professional services firm, has emerged as the top employer to have received the certification.

October 26

At 16.5 million, India has most number of migrants abroad, over half of them live in Gulf region.
Indian tops the world in the number of migrants sent abroad and more than half of the 16.59 million live in the Gulf region.
The 2017 International Migration Report released showed that during the period of globalisation this century, the number of Indian migrants doubled from 7.98 million in 2000.
Mexico sent out 13 million migrants, the second highest number.
The definition of international migrants used in the report is broad, taking into account anyone living in a country other their own and includes refugees and economic migrants, both those immigrating officially and those who do so “irregularly”

October 27

India the 2nd largest Solar Market; Installs 4.9 GW In H1: Mercom
The report titled ‘India Solar Market Leaderboard 1H 2018’ by Mercom Communications India, India stands as the second largest solar market in the world, during the first half of calendar year 2018.
India installed 4.9 GWof solar power and was the fifth-largest solar market in the world for total installations.
It follows China which topped during the January-June period.
Rooftop installations rose by 55 per cent Y-o-Y with cumulative installations totalling nearly 2,410 MW as of June 2018.

October 28

India to become world’s 3rd largest aviation market around 2024: International Air Transport Association (IATA)
India is at present, the world’s 7th largest aviation market.
The latest update to IATA’s 20-year Air Passenger Forecast has been released.
It is projected that, passenger numbers could double to 8.2 billion in 2037.
The Asia-Pacific region is projected to drive the biggest growth with more than half the total number of new passengers in the next 20 years coming from these markets.
China would displace the United States as the world’s largest aviation market in the mid - 2020s.
Indonesia would be a standout performer, jumping from the world’s 10th largest aviation market in 2017 to the 4th largest by 2030.

TAG index: Kerala & Mumbai the best State & city for teenage girls in India
According to survey findings of The Teen Age Girls (TAG) Report, conducted by Project Nanhi Kali, Kerala topped the TAG index, which compares the performance of each State based on the status of their teenage girls.
This is the nation’s first report on what it means to be a teenage girl in India.
This report was Compiled and published by the Naandi Foundation, with grant support from Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.
It was conducted by an all-women team of 1000 surveyors, covering over 74,000 girls across the country and traversed 30 States and 600 districts.
The parameters for the measurement of the TAG index were current enrolment in educational institutions, child marriage, open defecation, hygienic menstrual practices.

October 31

According to Standard Chartered’s ''The Emerging Effluent Study 2018'' – India is the most investment savvy economy.
''The Emerging Effluent Study 2018'' - Climbing the prosperity ladder’, India is Asia’s most investment savvy economy.
The survey markets were China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Singapore, South Korea, The UAE.