SURVEYS - 2017 November

November 1

India’s ranks 100th in World Bank’s Doing Business Report 2018
In World Bank’s recently released Doing Business (DB) Report 2018 titled as ‘Doing Business 2018: Reforming to Create Jobs’, India leapfrogged to 100th among 190 countries.
India has jumped over 30 ranks to attain 100th spot from 130th position in 2017 Ease of Doing Business Index. Its score also increased from 56.05 in 2017 to 60.76 in Doing Business 2018.
The Ease of Doing Business Index assesses 190 economies and covers 10 indicators which span the lifecycle of a business. These 10 indicators are: Starting a business, dealing with construction permits, Getting electricity, Registering property, getting credit, Protecting minority investors, Paying taxes, Trading across borders, Enforcing contracts and Resolving insolvency. Each one of these indicators carry equal weightage.
It saw the improvement in 6 out of 10 indicators. They are Resolving Insolvency, Paying Taxes, Getting Credit, Enforcing Contracts, Protecting Minority Investors and Construction Permits. India ranked 103rd in Resolving Insolvency indicator, 119th in Paying Taxes, 29th in Getting Credit, 164th in Enforcing Contracts, 4th in Protecting Minority Investors and 181st in Construction Permits.

November 2

India has largest number of malnourished children in the world
As per joint study by Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM) and Ernst & Young (EY), India has the largest number of malnourished children in the world.
Nearly 40% of Indian children were reportedly undernourished in the year 2015.
Although there has been an overall reduction in the infant mortality rate and under-five mortality rate in India during 2005-2015, India is still home to 50 percent of undernourished children of the world.
As per the study, 37% of Indian kids, under five years of age are underweight while 39% are stunted.
Around 21% Indian kids have low weight for their height and 8% are acutely malnourished.
Prevalence of wasting was higher in rural India at 38% as compared to urban India at 29%.
The study outlined that only 10% of children ageing 6-23 months are receiving nutritionally adequate diet.
Jharkhand has the highest number of underweight kids (less than five years of age).

November 3

India slips 21 slots on WEF Gender Gap index 2017
India has ranked 108th out of 144 countries on Global Gender Gap Index 2017 released by World Economic Forum (WEF).
The proportion of “unpaid work” per day is far higher for women than men globally, while in case of India on average 66% of women’s work is unpaid.
Unpaid work measures the average minutes spent per day on routine housework, shopping, care for household members, care for non-household members volunteering, travel related to household activities and other unpaid activities for men and women aged 15–64 years.
According to the WEF Global Gender Gap Report 2017, on an average 66% of women’s work in India is unpaid, compared to 12% of men’s. In case of China, 44% of women’s work is unpaid, while for men the figure stood at 19%.
As per the report, the global average annual earnings for a female stood at $12,000, while for a male it was as high as $21,000.

November 7

Proxima Centauri may host planetary system: Study
Scientists have detected dust belts around Proxima Centauri, a finding that indicates presence of elaborate planetary system hosted by closest star to solar system. These new observations were made by Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA) observatory in Chile.
The new observations reveal emission from clouds of cold cosmic dust surrounding star. It revealed glow coming from cold dust in region between one to four times as far from Proxima Centauri as Earth is from Sun. It also reveals presence of even cooler outer dust belt and may indicate presence of system of planets. These structures are similar to much larger belts in solar system and are also expected to be made from particles of rock and ice that failed to form planets.
It is closest star to Sun around 4.25 light years away from the Earth. It is faint red dwarf lying just four light years away in southern constellation of Centaurus. It hosts an Earth-like habitable planet — Proxima Centaur b — orbiting within (Proxima Centauri) its habitable zone which was discovered in 2016.

November 8

India slips to 7th position in business optimism ranking
According to the most recent Grant Thornton International Business Report India has slipped to the 7th position in the Business Optimism Index (BOI) in the September quarter, from the second position in the previous three months. The survey suggests that this ranking is showing the clear signs of lag in the economy.
As per Grant Thornton’s International Business Report (IBR), Indonesia is at the top of the index, followed by Finland (2nd), the Netherlands (3rd), Philippines (4th), Austria (5th) and Nigeria (6th)
Globally, overall position for business optimism remains relatively high at 49% in September quarter. It was down by 2 pps in June quarter, and follows five consecutive quarterly increases in business sentiment.
Indian businesses have expressed low confidence over revenue expectations in next 12 months. They also saw a drastic fall in confidence for protability with 54% showing optimism as against 69% in the last quarter.

November 9

India slips Bengaluru beats San Francisco in confidence to go digital
According to a report based on a survey by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), India’s Silicon Valley – Bengaluru has been adjudged as the best city among 45 cities for the confidence of its businesses in their ability to go digital.
EIU conducted this survey to check which cities across the world provide the best environment for their businesses to go digital.
Confidence of businesses within the cities was assessed in four categories viz. innovation and entrepreneurship, development of new technologies, financial environment, Information and communications technology (ICT) infrastructure and people/skills.
2620 executives in 45 cities participated in this survey which was conducted in June and July 2017.
EIU conducted this survey in partnership with telecommunications firm Telstra Corp.

November 10

India jumps to 3rd spot in global gaming installs
According to Unity Technologies, India is now ranked third in global gaming installs, surpassing Brazil and Russia.
According to Unity Technologies, the latest market research shows that, India has risen from the 9th position in January 2017 to the 3rd spot in global gaming install rankings.
It has surpassed Brazil and Russia in the global rankings. This is due to a drastic increase in India’s adoption of high-end mobile devices with larger RAM size.
Unity Technologies analyzed and studied the ongoing market trends and development in the Indian mobile industry. In one year, mobile device count with 1GB RAM has grown from 31.6 million to 100 million in October 2017.

November 11

India becoming world’s top sulphur dioxide emitter: Study
A study led by researchers at the University of Maryland in the US suggests that India is becoming, if it is not already, the world’s top sulphur dioxide emitter.
According to The study, India’s emissions of the air pollutant sulphur dioxide increased by 50 % since 2007, while China’s fell by 75%.
Sulphur dioxide is an air pollutant that causes acid rain, haze and many health-related problems. It is produced predominantly when coal is burned to generate electricity.
China and India are the world’s top consumers of coal, which typically contains up to 3% sulphur. India opened its largest coal-fired power plant in 2012 and has yet to implement emission controls like China.
In 2000s, China began implementing policies such as fining polluters, setting emission reduction goals and lowering emissions limits.

November 12

Varanasi Tops The List of Country's Most Polluted City
According to Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) data, Varanasi’s Air Quality Index (AQI) was at 491 at Ardhali Bazar monitoring station, making it the most polluted city of India.
The Air Quality Index (AQI) of Varanasi was at 491, just nine short of where the AQI scale ends at 500. This indicates a public health emergency.
This air quality could affect even healthy people and seriously impact people with existing diseases. The concentration of PM2.5, the prominent pollutant, was more than eight times the safe limit of 60 micrograms per cubic metre of air.
Earlier, Varanasi’s AQI was 358, which placed it in the “very poor” category.

November 13

India sixth most vulnerable country facing extreme weather events – Report
India has ranked as sixth most vulnerable country in the world on Global Climate Risk Index (CRI) 2018 released by Germanwatch (an independent Berlin-based development and environmental organisation).
Germanwatch compiles CRI rankings by analysing number of deaths per 100000 inhabitants, extent of financial losses and loss per unit of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of countries.
Economic and population data from International Monetary Fund (IMF) was taken into consideration for compiling the rankings.
In this latest CRI, only weather related events – storms, floods and temperature extremes (heat and cold waves) – have been taken into consideration. It does not include loss of life and financial losses due to Geological incidents like earthquakes, volcanic eruptions or tsunamis as they are not related to climate change and thus are not relevant in this context.

November 14

Rajyavardhan Rathore releases the India Youth Development Index and Report 2017
Union Minister of State for Youth Aaffairs and Sports (Independent Charge) Rajyavardhan Rathore released the India Youth Development Index (YDI) and Report 2017 in New Delhi.
The index has been developed by the Rajiv Gandhi National Institute of Youth Development (RGNIYD) in Tamil Nadu. The main aim behind constructing the index is to track the trends in Youth Development across the states.
The index will help recognize the high and low performing states, indentify the weak domains and inform the policy makers about the priority areas of intervention for youth development in the states.
The construction of the index was done using the latest definition of youth as used in National Youth Policy – 2014 (India) and World Youth Development Report of Commonwealth (15 – 29 years) as well as using the Commonwealth Indicators in order to facilitate Global comparison.
In the India Youth Development Index 2017, the first five dimensions are retained same as that of Global YDI.
The indicators and weights have been modified based on the availability of data at state level and the importance of the indicators in explaining Youth Development with the aim of capturing the multidimensional properties.

November 15

Indians second-highest public bingers in the world: Study
As per a survey released by online streaming platform Netflix, binge watching in public is on the rise among Indian population. Indians have been adjudged as the second-highest public bingers in the world, just behind Mexico. ‘Binge’ means excessive indulgence in an activity.
As per the survey, number of Indians found to be binge watching in public has increased by 71% as compared to last year.
Prevalence of binge watching in public is highest in Mexico (89%) followed by India (88%).
The survey was conducted by Netflix through SurveyMonkey. It was administered on 37056 adult online respondents who watch movies and TV shows via streaming services in public settings.
Redpondents were from US, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, France, Germany, India, Italy, Malaysia, Mexico, Netherlands, Philippines, Poland, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Taiwan, Thailand and Turkey.
The survey also highlighted that one in two Indians stream or download movies and TV shows for their daily commute.

November 16

Malnutrition Responsible for 15% of India’s Total Disease Burden in 2016 – Report
As per ‘India State-level Disease Burden Initiative Report’, child and maternal malnutrition was responsible for 15 per cent of the total disease burden in 2016 across India.
The report was released by Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu.
Analysis of disease burden for each Indian state from 1990 to 2016 has been presented in this report.
This report has been jointly prepared by the Indian Council of Medical Research, the Public Health Foundation of India and Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.
As per the report, prevalence of child and maternal malnutrition is higher in ‘Empowered Action Group’ States and Assam.
Eight less developed states – Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh – are referred to as the Empowered Action Group (EAG) states and they receive special development attention from Central Government.

November 17

Delhi tops 'tourist-friendly' list, Maharashtra falls a spot
According to the 5th biennial Hotelivate State Ranking Survey for Tourism, Delhi is the top tourist destination of India.
This survey was conducted by hospitality consulting firm, Hotelivate in association with World Travel & Tourism Council-India Initiative (WTTC-II).
States were assessed on eleven parameters, which included state expenditure on tourism, number of branded hotel rooms, aircraft movement, road and rail network and other intangible aspects.
As per the finding of the survey, Delhi, Maharashtra, Goa, Tamil Nadu and Gujarat are the top five tourism destination states.
Being a capital city, Delhi scored extremely high on parameters of aircraft movement and hotel rooms, which contributed to its overall top rank.
Survey findings revealed that none of the Indian states spent more than 1 per cent of Gross State Domestic Product on tourism.

November 18

Climate Change Performance Index 2018 – India ranks 14th
India has ranked 14th out of 56 nations and European Union on Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) 2018 released by environmental organisation Germanwatch. This marks an improvement from its 20th rank in CCPI 2017.
Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) keeps track of countries’ efforts in combating climate change.
It is issued by Germanwatch, the New Climate Institute and the Climate Action Network.
On the basis of standardized criteria, the index evaluates and compares the climate protection performance of 56 countries and European Unionthat together are responsible for about 90% of global energy-related CO2 emissions.
CCPI 2018 report was released on the sidelines of the UN Climate Change negotiations (COP23) in Bonn, Germany.
Improvement in India’s rank in CCPI 2018 indicates that Indian Government is putting efforts for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by opting to transform its electricity sector towards green technology.

November 19

Qatar named as World’s Richest Country according to IMF’s GDP data
As per rankings released by business magazine ‘Fortune’, Qatar is World’s Richest Country in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Per Capita.
GDP Per Capita is a measure of the total output of a country computed by dividing gross domestic product (GDP) by the number of people in the country. In theoretical terms, higher per capita GDP results in to a higher standard of living.
Fortune’s rankings are based on the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF’s) October 2017 data.
Economy of many of the richest countries (such as Brunei and Qatar) is highly dependent on oil, whereas countries like Iceland and Ireland have strong banking and investment systems.
It is to be noted that despite low unemployment and growth in consumption and investment, US did not feature in the Top – 10 richest countries list.
Most of the Top 10 richest countries have small populations as compared to countries that are world leader in terms of size of GDP — such as the United States, China and Germany.
Besides, many of these Top 10 richest countries have a large number of immigrant workers who contribute significantly to the economy. These immigrant workers do not have resident status and thus are not counted in the GDP per capita calculations.

November 20

India moves up one notch to 126 in per capita GDP terms
As per data which forms part of the latest World Economic Outlook report of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), India ranks 126th out of 200 countries in terms of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita.
GDP Per Capita of a country is computed by dividing its gross domestic product (GDP) by the number of people in the country. In theoretical terms, higher GDP per capita results in to a higher standard of living.
India’s rank has improved by one spot as compared to previous year’s rank. This improvement is on account of increase in GDP to USD 7170 in 2017, from USD 6690 in the previous year.
However, India still ranks lower among BRICS nations on this parameter. Brazil’s GDP Per Capita is USD 15500, Russia – USD 27900, China – USD 16620 and South Africa – USD 13,400.
Despite of India’s low rank, it is interesting to know that India is home to 2.45 lakh millionaires with a total household wealth of USD 5 trillion (as per Credit Suisse report).

November 21

India's government the third most trusted in the world
Indian government under Prime Minister Narendra Modi has ranked as third most trusted government in the world as per Government at a Glance 2017 published by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
As per the report, nearly 74 percent of Indians have expressed confidence in their national government.
The confidence of people was assessed in context of economy, political upheaval, and headline-grabbing events like major corruption cases.
This list is topped by Switzerland wherein 84% have expressed confidence in national government. Indonesia has ranked 2nd on this list.
As per World Economic Forum (WEF), Indian masses’ high levels of confidence in their government can be ascribed to the recent anti-corruption and tax-reform drive undertaken by the incumbent Modi Government.

November 22

India climbs 3 steps to 51 on IMD World Talent rankings
India has ranked 51st out of 63 countries on IMD World Talent Ranking 2017. This marks an improvement of three spots as compared to previous year’s rank.
India’s overall rank is 51st whereas on three broad categories viz. investment and development, appeal and readiness it has ranked 62nd, 43rd and 29th respectively.
Arturo Bris, Head of Competitiveness, IMD Switzerland stated that India is not performing well in retaining local talent and attracting foreign labour.
Among BRICS nations, China ranked 40th followed by Russia at 43rd and South Africa at 48th. Brazil ranked just after India at the 52nd spot.
Globally, Europe continues to dominate the rankings, with Switzerland, Denmark, and Belgium occupying the top three spots.

November 23

India slips in OECD ratings on exchange of tax info
In a set of peer review reports released by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), India has slipped from a rating of ‘compliant’ to an overall rating of ‘largely compliant’ in meeting international standards for exchange of tax information.
This peer review has been suggested that Indian tax authorities should ensure the quality of the exchange of information (EoI) requests sent to foreign tax authorities and should carry out efficient communication with its EoI partners for all cases.
In the previous peer reviews, parameters of ‘quality of information exchange requests sent by India to other countries’ and ‘availability of information relating to beneficial ownership in India’ were not taken into account.
India has been rated ‘largely compliant’ on both these new parameters which has pulled down its overall rating to ‘largely compliant’.
However, it has been outlined that India has shown improvements in the quality of its requests since 2015.
Besides, Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) is also implementing an action plan for 2017-18, under which tax officials are provided training in drafting EoI requests.

November 24

Latin America is World’s most violent region for Women: United Nations
As per a report presented by UN Women and the UN Development Programme (UNDP), Latin America and the Caribbean is the most violent region in the world for women.
Issue of violence against women in Latin America is so critical, that the region has been referred to as most violent region in the world for women outside of conflict zones.
This region also has the highest rate of sexual violence against women outside of relationships.
There is high prevalence of Femicide (killing of woman by a man on account of gender) in Central America, wherein two out three women murdered died because of their gender.
The report outlined that 24 of the 33 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have laws against domestic violence, but only 9 of them have laws to punish other forms of violence against women in public or private.

November 25

Jindal Global University breaks into QS University Rankings: BRICS 2018
O.P. Jindal Global University (JGU) has been ranked among the Top 10 Private education Institutions in India in ‘QS University Rankings: BRICS 2018’.
QS University Ranking BRICS 2018 edition was released in New Delhi by Chairman of University Grants Commission (UGC), Professor (Dr.) V.S. Chauhan.
These rankings provide insights into the relative strengths and weaknesses of leading education institutions in Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa (BRICS).
The rankings are based on various performance indicators viz. academic reputation, proportion of staff with a PhD, employer reputation, faculty/ student ratio, proportion of international faculty and students, research publications and citation rates.
JGU is placed in the 251-300 rank out of 9000 universities in the BRICS region. By featuring in QS University Rankings BRICS 2018, JGU has become youngest Indian University to have been ranked in an international ranking.

November 26

Global University Employability Ranking 2017 – IISc ranks 29th in the World
Indian Institute of Science (IISc) has ranked 29th among the top 150 universities on Global University Employability Ranking 2017 published by Times Higher Education.
IISc ranked 29th on Global University Employability Ranking 2017, which marks an improvement of nine places as compared to 38th rank in 2016.
Other than IISc, only two institutes from India featured among the top 150. Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IITD) ranked 145th and Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IITB) ranked 148th. Both these institutes did not find a place in last year’s ranking.
According to the survey, India is lagging behind other countries in imparting digital skills to its graduates.
Asian universities, especially in China, Taiwan and South Korea have made good progress this year.
France, Germany and Switzerland have the highest number of institutes in this employability ranking.

November 27

Drought, heatwaves increasing in frequency, area in India: IISc Study
Researchers from Indian Institute of Science (IISc) have found that frequency of heatwaves accompanied by drought has increased in magnitude and in area over past three decades in India.
The increases in cocktail of drought and heatwaves were seen particularly in Maharashtra and Southern Gujarat, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Central India.
Heatwaves (a prolonged period when temperatures approach record extremes) and droughts are destructive even when occurring in separate events, but their concurrence is far more serious. Both phenomena have a serious bearing on water resources, affecting agriculture and human settlements.
The conclusion was based on analysis of rainfall and temperature data of 50 years. Researchers had compared Heatwave Magnitude Index daily (HWMId) which combines duration and magnitude of heatwaves — and Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI), which defines meteorological drought from 1951 to 1981.

November 28

Surge in oxygen levels led to explosion of life on earth: Study
According to recently published study, boost in levels of oxygen may have caused three-fold increase in biodiversity (or biodiversification) during between 445 and 485 million years ago.
The study was conducted using geochemical proxies, high resolution data and chemical signatures preserved in carbonate rocks formed from seawater. Using it, researchers were able to identify oxygen increase during Middle (or Darriwilian Stage- 460-465 million years ago) and Late Ordovician periods (mid-Katian stage- 450-455 million years ago).
According to study, this oxygenation is supported by two approaches that are mostly independent from each other. Other changes — such as ocean cooling, increased nutrient supply to oceans and predation pressures – also worked together to allow animal life to diversify for millions of years.
It was found that nearly 80% increase in oxygen levels where oxygen constituted about 14% of atmosphere during Darriwilian Stage and increased to as high as 24% of atmosphere by mid-Katian stage.

November 29

India moves up one spot to 68 on Global Entrepreneurship Index
India has moved up one place to the 68th spot on the Global Entrepreneurship Index of 2018, which is topped by the US. India was at the 69th position last year.
The US topped the index, which ranked 137 countries, this year also, Jonathan Ortmans, president of the Global Entrepreneurship Network (GEN).
India was at 76th position in 2014, according to the Global Entrepreneurship Development Institute (GEDI), a Washington, DC-based policy development organisation dedicated to expanding economic opportunities for individuals, communities and nations.

November 30

Uttar Pradesh tops crime list in India: National Crime Records Bureau report
Uttar Pradesh recorded the highest number of heinous crimes such as murder and those against women in 2016, according to the data of the National Crime Records Bureau released.
UP, the country’s largest state, reported the highest number of cases of murder – 4,889 – accounting for 16.1 per cent followed by Bihar where 2,581 (8.4 per cent) murders took place last year.
UP registered 14.5 per cent (49,262 cases) of total cases of crime against women followed by West Bengal 9.6 per cent (32,513 cases) during 2016.
Rape cases recorded an increase of 12.4 per cent from 34,651 cases in the country in 2015 to 38,947 in 2016.
Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh reported the highest incidence of rape with 4,882 cases (12.5 per cent) and 4,816 (12.4 per cent) followed by Maharashtra 4,189 (10.7 per cent) last year.
UP recorded 9.5 per cent of the total IPC crime reporter in the country followed by Madhya Pradesh (8.9 per cent), Maharashtra (8.8 per cent) and Kerala (8.7 per cent).