SURVEYS - 2018 JUNE

June 1

India’s ranking goes up in childhood index', discrimination against girls remains serious challenge
India finds space at 113 in Save the Children’s "End of Childhood Index 2018” which ranked 175 countries this year against indicators to determine the quality of childhood children have access to.Ranked at 116 last year, the improvement in India’s overall score by 14 points from 754 to 768 on a scale of 1000, is being attributed to reduced rate of child marriage.
The study however, puts India in the category of countries characterized by poverty and discrimination against girls.
However, the Index which is part of the report titled “The Many Faces of Exclusion” shows that under five mortality rate (deaths per 1000 live births) was 43 which is a cause of concern. Also child stunting (children aged 0-59 months) was 38.4% and rated as high.

June 4

India among the top five countries in e-waste generation: ASSOCHAM-NEC study
Despite the government’s emphasis on Swachh Bharat Abhiyaan and Smart Cities project, India continues to be generating highest e-waste vis-à-vis China, USA, Japan and Germany an ASSOCHAM-NEC recent study coinciding with the “Environment Day” noted.
In India, Maharashtra contributes the largest e-waste of 19.8% but recycles only about 47,810 TPA (tonnes per annum) whereas as its counterparts Tamil Nadu (13%) recycles about 52,427, Uttar Pradesh (10.1%) recycles about 86,130, West Bengal (9.8%), Delhi (9.5%), Karnataka (8.9%), Gujarat (8.8%) and Madhya Pradesh (7.6%), the joint study noted.
The global volume of e-waste generated is expected to reach 52.2 million tons or 6.8 kg/ inhabitant by 2021 from 44.7 million tons in 2016 at a compound annual growth rate of 20%, according to a study on ‘Electricals & Electronics Manufacturing in India,’ conducted by The Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India (ASSOCHAM)-NEC joint study on “World Environment Day”.

June 7

Hyderabad ranks third in sound polluted cities list
Telangana's Hyderabad has been ranked third in the list of sound polluted metropolitan cities.
Hyderabad was earlier listed on top 10 most air polluted metropolitan cities.

India ranks 137th on Global Peace Index 2018
India has moved up four places to the 137th rank among 163 countries on the 2018 Global Peace Index, due to a reduction in the level of violent crime driven by increased law enforcement, according to a report by an Australian think tank.
Iceland remains the most peaceful country in the world, a position it has held since 2008. New Zealand, Austria, Portugal and Denmark also sit in the top five most peaceful rankings.
Syria remains the least peaceful country in the world, a position it has held for the past five years. Afghanistan, South Sudan, Iraq and Somalia comprise the remaining least peaceful countries.

QS World University Rankings 2019: IIT Bombay, IISc move up
Three Indian universities feature in the top 200 universities of the QS World University rankings 2019, Indian Insitiute of Technology (IIT), Bombay, Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore and IIT Delhi.
While IIT Delhi has retained the same ranking as last year, IIT Bombay which ranks 162 in 2019 has climbed up 17 notches.
IISc too has moved up 20 to be ranked 170 in 2019.
In all, the number of Indian universities in the top 1,000 increased from 20 to 24.
Indian universities that feature among the top 500 in 2019 as compared to 2018 and the world's best universities.

June 8

India's groundwater widely contaminated with uranium: Study
Researchers have found widespread uranium contamination in groundwater from aquifers in 16 Indian states.
The findings suggested that the main source of the uranium contamination is natural, but human factors such as groundwater-table decline, over-exploitation of groundwater for agricultural irrigation and nitrate pollution may be aggravating the problem.
According to the researchers, several studies have linked exposure of uranium in drinking water may lead to chronic kidney disease.
Nearly a third of all water wells tested in one state, Rajasthan, contained uranium levels that exceed the World Health Organization (WHO) and US Environmental Protection Agency's safe drinking water standards.

June 10

Delhi most vulnerable UT in India’s first disaster risk index, Maharashtra leads states
A national disaster risk index mapping hazards and vulnerabilities across 640 districts puts Maharashtra at the top of the chart followed by West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, while Delhi is most at risk among Union territories (UTs).
At first glance, the lower hazard ranking to states like those in the north-east and others like Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, which are prone to earthquakes or floods, seems surprising but the index takes into account economic vulnerabilities and actions taken to mitigate risk.
The index factors in exposure of population, agriculture and livestock and environmental risk in drawing up the rankings.
The top three states are followed by Rajasthan, Karnataka, Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat and Bihar while those vulnerable to disasters like cyclones, landslides and earthquakes, like Andhra Pradesh and hill states, are relatively lower in the index.

June 12

India ranks 177 out of 180 in Environmental Performance Index
India is among the bottom five countries on the Environmental Performance Index 2018, plummeting 36 points from 141 in 2016, according to a biennial report by Yale and Columbia Universities along with the World Economic Forum.
While India is at the bottom of the list in the environmental health category, it ranks 178 out of 180 as far as air quality is concerned.
Its overall low ranking 177 among 180 countries was linked to poor performance in the environment health policy and deaths due to air pollution categories.
The report was released on the sidelines of the ongoing World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.

June 14

Forbes ranks HDFC 5th biggest consumer financial services company worldwide
Housing finance major HDFC has been ranked as the 5th biggest public company globally in the ‘consumer financial services category’ on a list compiled by Forbes magazine.
American Express has topped this category, while Indiabulls Housing Finance is the only other Indian company (at 13th place) on the list. In the consumer financial services category, HDFC’s rank has moved up from 7th place last year.
Other consumer finance services companies that made it to the list include Capital One Financial at the 159 place, followed by Visa (164), Orix (254), PayPal (337), Synchrony Financial (340), Discover Financial Services (356), and Mastercard (367), among others.
In the overall list, topped by China’s banking behemoth ICBC, HDFC took 321st place, up from 404th a year ago.
There are a total of 58 Indian companies on the overall list of 2,000 firms from across the world. These include Reliance Industries at 83rd place, the only from India in the top-100. Besides, HDFC Bank is at 202nd, ONGC at 266th, Indian Oil at 270th and ICICI Bank at 320th.

June 15

Gujarat tops Niti Aayog's Water Management Index
Gujarat has emerged as the best state on Niti Aayog's composite water management index (CWMI) in the country followed by Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
In northeastern and Himalayan states, Tripura has been adjudged as the top state in 2016-17 followed by Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Assam.
Niti Aayog has ranked all states through first of its kind index on the composite water management, comprising 9 broad sectors with 28 different indicators covering various aspects of ground water, restoration of water bodies, irrigation, farm practices, drinking water, policy and governance.

June 17

US pips India as top greenfield FDI investment destination: Report
The US has surpassed India to become the top destination for greenfield FDI investment in 2017. The number of greenfield FDI projects in India during the year fell sharply by 21 per cent to 637.
India had maintained the numero uno slot in greenfield FDI investment in 2015 and 2016. However, in 2017, the US reclaimed the spot from India, recording $87.4 billion of foreign direct investment (FDI).
In the Asia-Pacific region, China was on top in terms of FDI in total number of new projects and capital investment, followed by India. China received a foreign capital investment of $50.8 billion in 2017 in greenfield projects, compared with India’s $25.1 billion. As per the report, China received investments in 681 projects against 637 in the case of India.

June 22

HDFC Bank featured in BrandZ ranking
HDFC Bank is the only brand to be featured in the BrandZ Top 100 Most Valuable Global Brands ranking released recently by WPP group company Millward Brown.
Google tops the list and the others in the top 10 are Apple, Amazon, Microsoft, Tencent, Facebook, Visa, McDonalds, Alibaba, and AT&T. This is the fourth time in a row that HDFC Bank has been featured in the Top 100 global brands list.
In the latest ranking, the bank’s brand value has increased to $20.87 billion from $17.13 billion as of last year. The increase in brand value has pushed the bank’s rank 3 notches up to 60 from its last year’s rank of 63.

June 24

Surplus talent may see India buck the global salary-surge trend: Study
As talent shortage takes hold across the Asia-Pacific region, salaries are set to surge for highly skilled workers, with India being the only country to buck the trend due to surplus talent, according to a new study by human resources firm Korn Ferry.
The study shows that by 2030, a deficit of in-demand employees could cost Asia Pacific companies billions of dollars. Left unchecked, the salary surge is expected to add more than $1 trillion to annual payrolls in APAC by 2030.
Globally, the talent crunch could add $2.5 trillion to company payrolls annually. US companies can expect to pay the most, facing a wage premium of more than $531 billion by 2030.
The study pointed out that Japan could pay approximately an additional $468 billion by 2030, whereas China could see an additional wage bill of more than $342 billion during the same period.

June 26

India most dangerous country for women due to high risk of sexual violence: Poll
India is the world's most dangerous country followed by war-torn Afghanistan and Syria for women due to the high risk of sexual violence, according to a poll of global experts released.
Somalia and Saudi Arabia are ranked fourth and fifth respectively in the Thomson Reuters Foundation survey of about 550 experts on women's issues.
The poll of 548 people was conducted online, by phone and in person between March 26 and May 4 with an even spread across Europe, Africa, the Americas, South East Asia, South Asia and the Pacific.
The only Western nation in the top 10 was the US, which ranked joint third when respondents were asked where women were most at risk of sexual violence, harassment and being coerced into sex.
The poll was a repeat of a survey in 2011 in which Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Pakistan, India, and Somalia were named as the most dangerous countries for women.

June 28

Cost of living for expats: Mumbai costlier than Washington and Melbourne
Due to continuously surging food prices and leisure activities, Mumbai continues to be the most expensive city in India to live in for expatriates, ahead of global peers Washington and Melbourne.
However, India’s Silicon Valley, Bengaluru, which has a high population of expatriates driven by the information technology sector, is getting more reasonable on cost of living.
According to the Cost of Living Survey published by global personnel consultants Mercer, Bengaluru has fallen in the cost of living ranking.
Driven significantly by a relative drop in prices on transportation taxi fares, cost of automobile and auto parts, as well as running costs.
The cost of living not being very high is a sign of good investment. So, information technology companies are more bent towards Bengaluru, as they feel they can get a better office location, attract more talent and compensate employees more partner at Valoriser Consultants.

India rises one notch to 35th on JLL global realty transparency index
India has improved its ranking by one notch to 35th in the global real estate transparency index, driven by policy reforms and liberalisation of FDI rules in property as well as retail sectors.
India was ranked 36th in the index during the last bi-annual survey conducted in 2016 and 40th in 2014. The country's real estate market is currently placed in the 'semi-transparent' zone.
The ranking is expected to improve further in the next survey in 2020, on the back of several government initiatives such as Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act (RERA), GST and Benami Transactions Act.
UK is at the top position followed by Australia and the US. France, Canada, Netherlands, New Zealand, Germany, Ireland and Sweden are in top 10 in the list of 100 countries.

June 29

North Korea named ‘worst human trafficking country’
The US State Department categorised North Korea as one of the “worst human trafficking nations” for the 16th straight year, citing the use of forced labour. According to the annual ‘2018 Trafficking in Persons Report’, North Korea has been included in the Tier 3 category, which is the lowest ranking, along with China, Russia and Iran.
The government of North Korea does not fully meet the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so. It used proceeds from state-sponsored forced labour to fund government functions as well as other illicit activity. It did not screen for or protect potential trafficking victims when they were forcibly repatriated from China or other countries.

June 30

India 4th as web attacks on the rise globally: Akamai Technologies
India ranked fourth in the list of top 10 target countries for Web Application Attacks as bot-driven abuse and distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks continued to rise from November 2017 till April this year, Cloud delivery network provider Akamai Technologies.
Registering over 2.8 crore attacks, India also ranked eighth globally in the list of Web Application Attack source countries.
Cybersecurity defenders face increasing threats from organisations in the form of bot-based credential abuse targeting the hospitality industry and advanced DDoS attacks as per the "Summer 2018 State of the Internet/ Security: Web Attack report".
Geographic analysis of attack traffic origination revealed that Russia, China and Indonesia were major sources of credential abuse for the travel industry, directing about half of their credential abuse activity at hotels, cruise lines, airlines and travel sites.
Akamai researchers analysed nearly 112 billion bot requests and 3.9 billion malicious login attempts that targeted sites in the travel industry, including airlines, cruise lines and hotels among others.

Abu Dhabi 'Smartest' City in Middle East
Abu Dhabi, capital of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), has topped the list of “smart cities” in the Middle East and Africa, as per a report by McKinsey Global Institute named “Smart Cities: Digital Solutions for a More Livable Future”
The study covered 50 international cities. It views how cities throughout the world use technology to enhance the quality of life.
Abu Dhabi has ranked the first in the Middle East and Africa region with a rating of 18.4. It is followed by Dubai in the second position with a rating of 17.3.
Three factors make a city smart. First is the technology base, such as smartphones and sensors linked with high-speed communication networks.
The second comprises specific applications, like translating raw data into alerts. The third is utilization of technology by cities, companies, and the public.

Norway best in world in traffic safety
Norway has least traffic accidents in the world, leaving other European countries much behind, as per the Aftenposten report.
The total number of traffic accidents in European Union has decreased only by 3 percent in four years.
According to fresh report from organization European Transport Safety Council (ETSC), no other country in the EU or European Free Trade Association (EFTA) area has had a major reduction in death rates from 2010 up to now.
Norway was already low (on the graph) and still has significant reductions. Last year Norway had 106 fatalities, which corresponds to 20 deaths per one million inhabitants. This is the lowest death rate in traffic since cars became common way of transportation in the post-war era.
Sweden also has quite low rate of 25 fatalities, and both Britain and Switzerland have 27 fatalities per one million inhabitants.
In France, the number is 53 while the EU average is 50. The global average is 174 fatalities per one million inhabitants, according to WHO's 2015 report.



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