Aims and Objectives of internships

  • KV Ramana Reddy

    Asso.Prof,Civil Eng,.Dept.
    MGIT, Hyd.

        The concept of work experience, internships or cooperative education is not a 20th-century development, as many believe. The concept of learning by doing goes back to the guild system in Europe. The idea of combining work and education in America was formally initiated in 1906 by Herman Schneider at the University of Cincinnati where it was referred to as cooperative education.Professor Schneider joined the University of Cincinnati in 1903 and began immediately to solicit the interest of the faculty and industrial leaders in the merits of cooperative education.

         Schneider was convinced of the efficacy of this concept after studying case records of Lehigh University graduates, indicating that those who showed marked engineering ability had worked while attending college.
        By 1906, he had convinced a reluctant faculty at the University of Cincinnati and enthusiastic industrial leaders of his plan. He initiated an engineering cooperative program on a weekly basis, whereby half the students were in class for a week while the other half was on the job. The students exchanged positions the next week, continuing this pattern through their study. By 1920, 780 engineering students were working in 135 different firms. By 1919, the cooperative plan was adopted by the College of Business at the University. From its early beginning to today, cooperative education has become an important program in American higher education.
        At Minnesota State University, Mankato, the College of Business initiated an internship program in 1970. Positions for students
 have been in some of the nation's largest corporations and many of Minnesota's thriving organizations as well as small, entrepreneurial organizations.
        The following list of program objectives has been extensively reported in literature discussing internship programs. The College of Business subscribes to the following objectives but does not expect each student to achieve every objective. Many of the program objectives will only be important to a few students, but each student should achieve a substantial portion of those listed
    1) Internships will provide students the opportunity to test their interest in a      particular career before permanent commitments are made
    2) Internship students will develop skills in the application of theory to practical work      situations
    3) Internships will provide students the opportunity to test their aptitude for a      particular career before permanent commitments are made
    4) Internship students will develop skills and techniques directly applicable to their      careers
    5) Internships will aid students in adjusting from college to full-time employment
    6) Internships will provide students the opportunity to develop attitudes conducive to     effective interpersonal relationships
    7) Internships will increase a student's sense of responsibility
    8) Internship students will be prepared to enter into full-time employment in their area     of specialization upon graduation
    9) Internship students will acquire good work habits
    10) Internships will provide students with the opportunity to earn a salary while      pursuing educational goals
    11) Internship students will develop employment records/ references that will enhance      employment opportunities
    12) Internships will provide students with an in-depth knowledge of the formal
         functional activities of a participating organization
    13) Internships will provide students the opportunity to understand informal
          sorganizational interrelationships
    14) Internship programs will enhance advancement possibilities of graduates
    15) Internship students will have higher levels of academic performance
    16) Internship programs will increase student earning potential upon graduation
    17) Internship programs motivate students to continue their education
         Students have access to new concepts and ideas through the intern
    Benefits to the University
    1) Provides an opportunity for the university to relate academic training to job
    2) Uses many community facilities and resources for educational purposes making it
        possible for the university to provide education in fields that it could not
        otherwise serve.
    3) Enables the university to keep abreast of developments in the business and
        industrial world.
    4) Provides a direct avenue through which the university can meet community
    Student Responsibilities
    Before the internship
    1) Meet with the internship coordinator to determine if the internship is acceptable     and if you meet the academic requirements.
    2) If the internship is acceptable and you meet the above academic requirements,     prepare an application file.
    3) If your application is approved, you will be given permission to register.
        Once permission is given, you must register for your internship.
    During the internship
        Submit Weekly Reportsweekly to the Dropbox in Desire2Learn that describe your daily activities and progress toward your goals during the previous week.
    At the end of the internship
        Complete a Student Evaluation of Internship survey. Write an Internship Final Report.


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