Presentation of Technical Papers


JVR Murthy



     To make one appreciate what formal writing style is and how formal paper presentations are made.Writing a paper is a lot like Chip Design. You need Conceptualization, Floor planning and Layout, Interconnections, DRC & ERC, Testing.

What is a technical paper?

     Technical paper is a brief and to-the-point document which describes a body of technical work. There are many types of technical papers

       * Original research papers

       * Survey papers

       * Journal papers

       * Conference papers

       * Letters

When you think of writing a paper, the following points should be remembered

       * What type of paper am I writing?

       * What do I wish to state?

       * Have I got all the background work with me?

       * Have I organized the paper?

       * What electronic format will I use?

              e.g.: MS WORD

How does one write a technical paper?

Organizing a paper
       When you think of writing a paper, the following things should be mentioned in the same order as mentioned below:

       * Title of the paper

       * Authors, designations, and addresses

       * Abstract (100 to 150 words)

       * Keywords

       * Sections describing the work

              a) Introduction (Background)

              b) Previous Work (Literature Survey)

              c) Proposed Work (Algorithm, Design, Methodology)

              d) Analysis (Complexity Analysis, Quantitative Analysis, Statistical Analysis)

              e) Implementation and Results

              f) Conclusions

        The abstract should contain the summary of your work in brief i.e. in around 100-150 words. This must bring out the novelty of our work.
Introduction: The introduction part of the paper should cover the following aspects:

       * Introduction to the problem

              a) Why is it worth solving?

              b) What did others do?

              c) Why did they not succeed?

              d) Why do I believe I did better?

       *  Contribution of the paper

              a) Is there anything new in the paper?

              b) How good are your results?

              c) Is your survey different from other available surveys?

       *  Introduction to the paper itself

              a) The paper should be organized into Sections and Sub-sections.

                     e.g.: 1. Introduction

                                1.1 Problem Description

                                     1.1.1 Inductance Extraction

                                     1.1.2 Transmission Line Models

                                1.2 Organization of the paper

     In Section 2, we summarize the previous work in this area. In Section 3, we present a new algorithm for

              b) This should be followed by the brief description of the existing body of work. This should also cover

                  i) Citations to the published work

                     e.g.: In [2], Rosetti and Longfellow described the meaning of life.                             Wordsworth presented a different view point in [3].

                  ii) The specific advantage of your work w.r.t. published work

                     e.g.: However, the Rosetti-Longfellow formula [2] fails for                             technologies below 0.2 micron. In this paper, we extend their                             formula to the deep submicron domain.

 * After the introduction work, analyse your Work. This can be done in 3 different ways:

       1) Quantitative Analysis: In this analysis, present numerical results (Eg: size of chip, clock rating..), represent tables (analyse values of different examples), draw graphs (Eg: Chip Area Vs No. of Components) and also present the improvement figures. These strengthen the work of your paper.

    2) Comparative Analysis: In this approach, we compare the different approaches to the same problem, performance of different parameters etc.

       3) Include different graphical items, figures and tables wherever necessary. They make your work more attractive.

 *  Conclusion: In this section, mention all the things that are achieved in the paper. Be frank about the limitations of your work and also point out directions for further work.

 * Basic rules to be followed in presenting a technical paper:

        a) Use simple sentences.

        b) Avoid repetition.

     c) Make use of spelling and grammar checker and make sure there are no             mistakes, whatsoever.

      d) Use pictures, tables etc. and try conveying as much information as possible            from them.

      e) Try your best in dealing with words. Reduce them to the maximum extent             possible.

       f) Make use of animations to make it look good. But, do not over-do it as they             distract the audience.

When presenting your work, remember a few points:

      a) Who is my audience?

      b) What is the purpose of my presentation?

      c) What should I talk about?

      d) How much time do I have?

      e) How many slides should I make?

      f) How should I handle questions?

      g) Do as many rehearsals as possible.

Now, if you are done with these, you are ready to present your technical paper.

You can choose any topic of your own interest from any branch and any stream as a paper. First, understand the paper, do the basic ground work, get to know about all the information.

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