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The Living World

1. Read the following statements.
A) Plants is a taxon
B) Non-living objects also grow
C) Growth, can not be taken as a defining property of living organisms
D) Mule do not reproduces
Find out the correct statements
A: All statements are correct

 

2. Darwin of 20th Century
A: Ernst Meyer

 

3. The twin characters of growth
A: Increase in mass and number of individuals

 

4. Match the following.

List - A List - B
I. Fungi A. Budding
II. Yeast B. Mule
III. Protonema C. Fragmentation
IV. No reproduction D. Spore
  E. Non livings

The correct matching is
       I     II   III   IV

A:  D    A   C    E
 

5. Reproduction is synonymous with growth-
1) Yeast/ Amoeba   2) Bacteria   3) Chlamydomonas   4) All
A: 4(All)

 

6. Characteristic feature of living organism is
1) Growth   2) Reproduction   3) Metabolism   4) All
A: 4(All)

 

7. Technically complicated feature of all living organisms is
A: Irritability

 

8. The defining property of living organisms
A: Metabolism

 

9. Read the following statements and find out incorrect one.
1) Couplet is a pair of contrasting characters used in the identification and
nomenclature of plants and animals.
2) Biological museums are generally set up in educational institutions.
3) The largest herbarium is at RBG.
4) The order of Mango is Sapindales.
A: 1(Couplet is a pair of contrasting characters used in the  identification and
nomenclature of plants and animals.)

 

10. The word systematics is derived from
A: Latin

 

11. Both the words in a biological name, when hand written, are separately underlined
to indicate that
1) They are important.
2) The former is a genus and the later is species.
3) To catch the attention of the reader.
4) None
A: 4(None)

 

12. Expand ICBN
A: International Code for Botanical Nomenclature

 

13. Match the following.

I. Dry plant specimens A. Botanical Gardens
II. Preserved Animal specimens B. Museum
III. Living specimens of plants C. Flora
IV. Index of plant species D. Herbarium

The correct matching is
       I     II    III    IV

A:  D    B    A     C

 

14. Match the following.

I. Habitat and distribution A. RBG
II. Information on 1 taxon B. Herbarium
III. Repository for future use in Identification C. Monograph
IV. International Centre for Identification D. Flora

The correct matching is
A:   I    II    III   IV
      D   C   B    A

 

15. Match the following.

I. IBG A. International for plants nomenclature
II. RBG B. Lucknow
III. NBRI C. Howrah
IV. ICBN D. London (International for plant Identification)

A:  I    II    III    IV
     C   B    A    D

 

16. Images of specimens are seen in
A: Digital Herbarium

 

17. Man belongs to the order
A: Primata

 

18. Arrange the following in sequence
A. Nomenclature   B. Characterisation   C. Identification
A: BCA(Characterisation, Identification, Nomenclature)

 

19. The defining properties of all organisms
A. Growth   B. Metabolism   C. Reproduction   D. Irritability   E. Self Consciousness
A: BD only(Metabolism, Irritability only)

 

20. Mango belongs to the family
A: Anacardiaceae

 

Objective Type

1. Which of the following provide index to the plant species found in a particular area?
1) Catalogue         2) Monograph          3) Flora         4) Manual

 

2. The term used for “outside organisms” or in  artificial conditions
1) In Vitro       2) In Vivo          3) De Novo          4) Ex-Situ

 

3. The term taxonomy was coined by
1) Ernst Haeckel            2) A.P. de Candolle
3) Copeland           4) Linnaeus 

 

4. Mangifera and Triticum belong to the  following families respectively
1) Convolvulaceae, Meliaceae 
2) Annonaceae, Moraceae
3) Fabaceae, Liliaceae
4) Anacardiaceae, Poaceae

 

5. Choose the incorrect statement.
1) Botanical gardens have collection of living plants for reference
2) A museum has collection of photographs of plants and animals
3) Key is taxonomic  aid for identification of specimens
4) Herbarium stored dried, pressed and preserved plant specimens

 

6. Choose the correct statements.
A) Metabolism is a defining property of all living organisms without exception
B) Self consciousness is a property of all living organisms without exception
C) Photoperiod affects reproduction in seasonal breeders, both plants and animals
D) Increase in body mass is considered as reproduction
1) A, B, C         2) B, C, D          3) C, D, A            4) D, B, A

 

7. Phenetic classification is based on
1) Dendrograms based on DNA characteristics
2) Sexual characteristics
3) Ancestral lineage of existing organisms
4) Observable characteristics of existing organisms

 

8. Museums has
1) Preserved plant and animal specimens
2) Animals kept in their natural habitats
3) Collection of living organisms
4) Living plant specimens only

 

9. Study the following lists.
List - I                      List - II
A) Kingdom           I) tabacum
B) Family               II) Polemoniales
C) Order                 III) Nicotiana
D) Genus                IV) Plantae
E) Species               V) Solanaceae
The correct match is
     A   B  C  D    E  
1) III  I   II  IV   V
2) IV  V  II  III  I
3) IV  I  V  III  II
4) III  V  IV  II  I

 

10. Assertion (A): Linnaeus developed binomial system of nomenclature.
Reason (R): The nomenclature in biological sciences is called binomial nomenclature.
1) Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A.
2) Both A  and R are true but R is not  the correct explanation of A.
3) A is true  but R is false.
4) A is false but R is true.

 

11. Assertion (A): Artificial system is used for quicker identification of organisms.
Reason (R): In every classification organisms show evolutionary relationship.
1) Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A.
2) Both A  and R are true but R is not  the correct explanation of A.
3) A is true  but R is false.

4) A is false but R is true.
 

12. Assertion (A): Growth is found in multicellular organisms due to cell division.
Reason (R): Unicellular organisms also grow by division with increasing size of population.
1) Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A.
2) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3) A is true  but R is false.
4) A is false but R is true.

 

13. Assertion (A):  Related organisms get separated into different groups in natural system.
Reason (R): A natural system used artificial keys for quicker nomenclature of an organism.
1) Both A and R are true but R is the correct explanation of A.
2) Both A and R are true but R is not the correct explanation of A.
3) A is true but R is false.
4) A is false but R is true.

 

14. The term species was coined by
1) John Ray         2) Engler        3) Linnaeus        4) Aristotle

 

15. Binominal nomenclature means that every organism has
1) One name given by two scientists
2) Two names one scientific and other popular
3) One scientific name consisting of a generic and a specific epithet
4) Two names, one Latinize and other of the person

 

Answers: 1-3; 2-1; 3-2; 4-4; 5-2; 6-1; 7-4; 8-1; 9-2; 10-2; 11-3; 12-2; 13-4; 14-1; 15-3. 

Posted Date : 23-03-2021