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Strategies for Enhancement in Food Production

1. Which of the following is true regarding M.S. Swaminathan?
     A. He developed expertise in genetics and plant breeding.
     B. He developed scented Basmati rice
     C. He is the initiator of Lab-to-Land and Food Security programme
     D. He has been honoured Bharat Ratna


2. M.S.  Swaminathan is closely associated with which of the following institutes?
     1) ICRISAT     2) NBRI     3) CFTRI     4) IRRI
A: 4 (IRRI)


3. The renowned person responsible for introducing crop cafeteria, crop scheduling and genetic improvement of yield and quality of crops in India is
A: M.S. Swaminathan


4. The recorded evidence of plant breeding dates back to
A: 9000-11000 years


5. The most important root for any breeding programme is
A: Genetic variability


6. The entire collection of plants or seeds having all the diverse alleles for all genes in a given crop is called
A: Germplasm collection


7. Arrange the following in proper order in breeding programme
     A. Cross hybridization
     B. Collection of variability
     C. Commercialization of cultivars
     D. Evaluation and selection of parents


8. The percentage of agriculture in India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is
A: 33%


9. Nearly 62% of Indian Population is employed in
A: Agriculture


10. During the period 1960-2000 wheat production increased from 11 million tonnes to
A: 75 million tonnes


11. During the period 1960-2000 Rice production increased from 35 million tonnes to
A: 889.5 million tonnes


12. The increase in wheat and rice production is mainly due to development of
A: Semi-dwarf varieties in wheat and rice


13. IRRI (International Rice Research Institute) is located at
A: Philippines


14. Sonalika and Kalyan Sona are high yielding varieties of
A: Wheat


15. International center for wheat and maize improvement is located at
A: Mexico


16. Which of the following varieties of rice is developed at IRRI?
     1) IR-8                   2) Sonalika
     3) Kalyan Sona     4) Jaya and Sona
A: 1 (IR-8)


17. Taichung Native-1 of Rice is developed from
A: Taiwan


18. Assertion (A): Sachaarum officinarum has thin stems and high sugar content.
Reason (R): It can be successfully crossed with Sachaarum barberi which grows in North India.
A: A is false and R is true.


19. Which of the following are better yielding semi-dwarf varieties of rice developed in India?
     1) IR-8, Sonalika                 2) Jaya, Ratna
     3) Sonalika, Kalyansona      4) Kalyansona, Jaya
A: 2 (Jaya, Ratna)


20. Which of the following statements regarding Sachaarum barberi is true?
     A. It is grown in South India
     B. It is high yielding
     C. It has high sugar content
A: None


21. Which of these is not a fungal disease?
     1) Red rot of sugar cane     2) Black rot of crucifer
     3) Brown rust of wheat      4) Late blight of potato
A: 2 (Black rot of crucifer)


22. Late blight of potato is caused by a
A: Fungus


23. Match the following variety with its resistance to disease.

A: cabd

24. Pusa Sadabahar is a leaf curl resistant variety of
A: Chilli


25. Which of the following is a variety of wheat?
     1) Pusa Swarnim     2) Pusa Subhra
     3) Pusa Komal        4) None of these
A: 4 (None of these)


26. Leaf and stripe rust resistant wheat variety is
A: Himgiri


27. Parbhani Kranti is a variety of Bhendi (Abelmoschus esculentus) is resistant to
A: Yellow mosaic virus


28. Which of the following makes maize resistant to stem borer?
     1) High aspartic acid                       2) Low nitrogen content
     3) High sugar content in maize      4) All of the above
A: 4 (All of the above)


29. Which of the following statements is/are false regarding Boll worms?
     A. They are attracted by smooth leaves
     B. They do not prefer nekton cotton varieties
     C. They are attracted by solid stems


30. Assertion (A): Sawfly does not feed on solid stems of wheat.
Reason (R): Insect resistance in crop plants may be due to morphological, bio-chemical or physiological characters.
A: Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation for A


30. Assertion (A): Sawfly does not feed on solid stems of wheat.
Reason (R): Insect resistance in crop plants may be due to morphological, bio-chemical or physiological characters.
A: Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation for A


31. Which of the following are varieties of Okra (Bhendi)?
     1) Pusa sem 2 and Pusa sem 3
     2) Pusa Gaurau and Pusa sem 3
     3) Pusa Sawani and Parbhani Kranti
     4) Parbhani Kranti and Pusa Gaurau
A: 3 (Pusa Sawani and Parbhani Kranti)


32. Fill up the blanks.

A: Aphids, Pusa Sem 2, Okra


33. Breeding crops for high vitamin, mineral, protein or fat contents to improve public health is called
A: Bio fortification


34. Golden rice is rich in
A: Β-carotene


35. Which of the following IARI released crop is not enriched with vitamin A?
     1) Carrot       2) Spinach     3) Bathua       4) Pumpkin
A: 3 (Bathua)


36. IARI released bitter gourd is enriched with
A: Vitamin C


37. Which of the following IARI varieties are enriched with Iron and calcium
     1) Spinach and Bathua           2) Carrot and Pumpkin
     3) Carrot and French bean     4) Spinach and Garden pea
A: 1 (Spinach and Bathua)


38. Approximately how much grain content is required to produce one kg of meat?
A: 3-10 kgs


39. Which of the following alga is most suitable for single cell protein production?
     1) Chlamydomonas     2) Spirulina
     3) Methylophilus        4) Chaetomium
A: 2 (Spirulina)


40. Which of the following fungi is not suitable for single cell production?
     1) Mucor                   2) Candida
     3) Saccharomyces     4) Chaetomium
A: 1 (Mucor)


41. The conditions required for autoclaving tissue culture medium are
A: 15 min 121ºC 15 lbs.


42. The virus free part of a plant used for tissue culture is
A: Apical meristem


43. Pomato is produced by
A: Somatic hybridisation


44. Which of the following are true regarding somatic hybrids?
A. Two isolated protoplasts from different varieties can be fused.

B. It can be done with plants which show physical or chemical incompatibility under normal sexual crosses.
C. It facilitates direct transfer of cytoplasmic or nuclear genomes to plant cells.
D. Desired combination of characters is always possible with somatic hybrids.