• facebook
  • whatsapp
  • telegram

TAXONOMY OF FLOWERING PLANTS

1. The term taxonomy is coined by-
A: de Candolle

 

2. Taxonomy is also called-
A: New Systematics, Systematic Botany

 

3. Taxonomy - the word is derived from-
A: Greek

 

4. The branch of Botany that needs knowledge from various other branches is-
A: Taxonomy

 

5. Plant Systematics is other name for-
A: Systematic Botany

 

6. Taxonomy based on purely morphological description, it is called-
A: Alpha taxonomy

 

7. Match the following-

I) Chromosome Number A) Numerical taxonomy
II) Phytochemical Data B) Omega taxonomy
III) Mathematical Methods C) Cytotaxonomy
IV) Information from other branches D) Chemotaxonomy

A:   I    II    III     IV
     C    D    A     B

 

8. The ultimate aim of taxonomy is-
A: Classification

 

9. The first step in taxonomy-
A: Characterisation

 

10. Arrange the following steps in a sequence-
        A) Identification         B) Characterisation         C) Classification         D) Nomenclature
A: BADC

 

11. The earliest Classification of plants is based on
A: Economic uses

 

12. Identification of an unknown plant was made easier by the following system of classification-
       1) Artificial System     2) Natural System    

       3) Sexual System         4) Phylogenetic System
A:  1(Artificial System)  

 

13. Post Darwinian systems of classification are-
A: Phylogenetic system of classification

 

14. Match the following-

I) One of few characters A) Natural system
II) Evolutionary trends B) APG system
III) Latest system C) Artificial system
IV) All the important morphological characters D) Phylogenetic System

A:  I      II     III    IV
      C     D     B     A

 

15. Father of Botany in India-
A: Parasara

 

16. Principles of classification were proposed by-
A: Linnaeus

 

17. Floral characters were first used in the classification by-
A: Linnaeus

 

18. Father of taxonomy-
A: Linnaeus

 

19. Who first used binomial nomenclature-
A: Gaspard Bauhin

 

20. Nomenclature is essential for-
A: Communication

 

21. Rules for nomenclature are proposed by-
A: International Code of Botanical Nomenclature

 

22. The Knowledge of embryology, Phytochemistry and other branches is used in the following-
    1) Alpha taxonomy              2) Omega taxonomy     
    3) Numerical taxonomy       4) Chemo taxonomy
A: 2(Omega taxonomy)

 

23. Length of the stamens was taken into consideration in classification by-
A: Linnaeus

 

24. Assertion (A) : The Classification of Linnaeus and Theophrastus are not accepted-
      Reason (R) : They gave equal importance to vegetative and sexual charactres.
A: A & R are correct. R explains A.

 

25. Assertion (A) : Sexual or floral characters are given more importance in classification than vegetative characters.
       Reason (R): Vegetative characters are affected more easily by environment.
A: A & R are correct. R explains A.

 

26. Assertion (A) : Floral characters are more stable than vegetative characters.
      Reason (R): Vegetative characters are not affected by environment.
     Ans: A is correct. R is false.

 

27. Match the following through which different types of classification were proposed by different taxonomists-

I) Genera Plantarum A) Linnaeus
II) Species Plantarum B) Hutchinson
III) Historia Plantarum C) Bentham & Hooker
IV) Families of Flowering Plants D) Theophrastus

A:   I     II     III    IV
      C    A     D     B

 

28. Assertion (A) : Floral characters are given more importance in classification.
      Reason (R): They are more conserved.
A: A & R are correct. R explains A.

 

29. Taxonomy was established in which century?
A: 17

 

30. Who popularised binomial nomenclature-
A: Linnaeus

 

31. Emphasis on the following is given in plant systematics-
A: Phylogeny

 

32. Who classified plants into hearbs, shrubs, trees basing on habit-
A: Theophrastus

 

33. Linnaeus classified plants into how many groups in his system of classification-
A: 24

 

34. Bentham and Hooker had not considered the following characters in their natural system of classification-
A: Evolutionary characters

 

35. First phylogenetic system of Classification was proposed by-
A: Eichler

 

36. The book written by Engler and Prantl is-
A: Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien

 

37. One of the following is not a taxonomist-
        1) Endlicher         2) Charles Darwin         3) Eichler         4) Hutchinson
A: 2(Charles Darwin)

 

38. The following book is written in 20th century-
        1) Die Naturlichen Pflanzenfamilien
        2) Families of flowering plants
        3) Genera plantarum
        4) Micrographia
A: 2(Families of flowering plants)

 

39. Computer is essential in the following-
        1) Numerical taxonomy          2) Chemo taxonomy
        3) Omega taxonomy               4) Phylogenetic system
A: 1(Numerical taxonomy )

 

40. The unit of taxonomy-
A: Taxon

 

41. The term used by Bentham and Hooker for order and family respectively-
Ans: Cohort, Natural order

 

42. Number of families in gymnosperms dicots and monocots respectively in Bentham & Hookers classification-
Ans: 3, 165, 34

 

43. Ratio between Cohorts of Polypetalae and Gamopetalae-
Ans: 3 : 2

 

44. Ratio between the series of Polypetalae and Gamopetalae-
Ans: 1 : 1

 

45. Ratio between classes and sub classes in dicofyledonae-
Ans: 0 : 3

 

46. The taxonomic rank of polypetalae-
Ans: Subclass

 

47. Number of orders in monocots-
Ans: Zero

 

48. Common between monocots and monochlamydae
Ans: Series is directly divided into families

 

49. Number of families in Angiosperms-
Ans: 199

 

50. Cohort is a group of-
Ans: Families

 

51. Number of orders in Polypetalae-
Ans: 15

 

52. Number of series in Dicots-
Ans: 14

 

53. Number of series in dicots and monocots respectively-
Ans: 14, 7