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SCIENCE OF PLANTS

1. Match the following.

(I) 19th Century (A) Taxonomy
(II) 18th Century (B) Cytology
(III) 20th Century (C) Tissue Culture
(IV) 17th Century (D) Genetics

The correct matching is
A:     I      II   III    IV
         D   A    C    B

 

2. Match the following.

(I) Chinese plant cultivation (A) 1300 B.C.
(II) Adharvana veda (B) 340 B.C.
(III) First Book on agriculture (C) 2500 B.C.
(IV) de Historia Plantarum (D) 2000 B.C.

The correct matching is
A:   I    II    III    IV
      C   D    A    B

3. Arrange the following scientists in ascending order.
       A) Anton van Leeuwenhoek                                B) Gaspard Bauhin
       C) Robert Hooke                                                  D) Camerarius
       E) Nehemiah Grew and Marcello Malpighi
A: BCAED

 

4. Medicinal plants were first described in
A: Adharvana veda

 

5. Internal characters of plants were first described by
A: Theophrastus

 

6. Match the following.

(I) Hieroglyphics (A) Camerarius
(II) Herbals (B) Linnaeus
(III) Sexual reproduction (C) Egyptians
(IV) Sexual system of classification (D) Renaissance period

The correct matching is
A:  I    II   III   IV
     C   D   A   B

 

7. Match the following 2 lists belonging to the same century.

(I) Introduction of binomial nomenclature (A) Conduction of water through xylem
(II) Popularisation of binomial nomenclature  (B) Discovery of Zymase
(III) Anatomical study of plant tissues (C) Micrographia
(IV) Laws of inheritance (D) Sexual reproduction in plants

The correct matching is
A:   I    II    III   IV
      C   A    D    B

8. The term Botany has the root word from
A: Greek

 

9. Arrange the following words in a sequence.
       A) Bouskein        B) Botany        C) Bous        D) Botane
A: C A D B

 

10. Recorded information related to crop plants and fruit trees in the form of pictures is called
A: Hieroglyphics

 

11. Internal characters of plants were first mentioned in
A: de Historia Plantarum

 

12. Match the following lists.

(I) Weeds (A) Adharvana veda
(II) Forests (B) de Historia Plantarum
(III) Medicinal plants (C) Krishiparasharam
(IV) External & Internal characters of 500 plants (D) Vrikshayurveda

A:  I     II    III   IV
      C   D    A   B

13. Books of Medicinal plants are called
A: Herbals

 

14. Taxonomy and Physiology were established in 17th Century by
A: Linnaeus & Priestley

 

15. Match the following.

(I) First discovery of cell (A) Nehemiah Grew, Malpighi
(II) First discovery of living plant cell (B) Robert Hooke
(III) Anatomical studies (C) Stephen Hales
(IV) First Physiological studies (D) Anton van Leeuwenhoek

A:  I     II     III    IV
     B     D     A    C

16. Match the following.

(I) Linnaeus (A) Indian
(II) GJ Mendel (B) Greek
(III) V.S. Ram Das (C) Swedish
(IV) Aristotle (D) Czekhoslovakia
  (E) American

A:  I     II    III   IV
     C     D   A    B

 

17. Rapid Development was apparent in different disciplines of Botany, in Particular Cell Biology during which century
A: 20

 

18. Find out mis-match.
        1) Role of chromosomes in heredity     -         Sutton & Boveri
        2) Genetic nature of RNA                      -         Frankel Conrat
        3) Genetic nature of DNA                      -         Watson & Crick
        4) Artificial Synthesis of Gene               -         H.G. Khorana
A: 3(Genetic nature of DNA   -  Watson & Crick)

 

19. The following scientists are not concerned with Tissue Culture
         1) Hanning, Nietzsche          2) Shimakura, Maheshwari
         3) White, Skoog                   4) Went, Maheshwari
A: 4(Went, Maheshwari)

 

20. The scientists concerned with C3, C4 respectively are
A: Calvin, Slack

 

21. Urease was crystallised by
A: Sumner

 

22. One of the following is not concerned with light reaction
         1) Ruben & Kamen      2) Hill      3) Arnon      4) Priestle
A: 4(Priestley)

 

23. Electron microscope was discovered by
A: Knoll & Rusko

 

24. TCA Cyle was discovered by
A: H.A. Krebs

 

25. Identify the taxonomist belonging to 19th century
A: Endlicher

 

26. Select the correct pair of plants as the source of SCP
         1) Arnica, Aloe                   2) Digitalis, Spirulina
         3) Chlorella, Spirulina        4) Arnica, Chlorella
A: 3(Chlorella, Spirulina)

 

27. Biodiesel is produced from
A: Pongamia, Jatropa

 

28. Assertion (A): Jatropa and Pongamia are petro plants.
      Reason (R): They are rich in hydrocarbons.
A: A & R are correct. R explains A.

 

29. One of the following is not a Palynologist.
         1) Maheshwari                    2) P.K.K. Nair
         3) C.G.K. Ramanujam       4) Wodehouse
A: 1( Maheshwari )

 

30. A SCP used by Astronauts
A: Chlorella

 

31. One of the following is a biofertiliser but not micro oranism
          1) Azolla      2) Nostoc      3) Anabaena      4) Rhizobium
A: 1(Azolla )

 

32. Match the following.

(I) Soil erosion (A) Saprophytes
(II) Soil pollution (B) Biofertilisers
(III) Green house effect (C) Bio-remediation
(IV) Recycling of nutrients (D) Intensive tree plantation
(V) Soil pollution & Water pollution (E) Sand binding plants

The correct matching is
A:  I    II   III    IV   V
     E   C   D     A   B

 

33. It is a fundamental requisite for classification of plants
A: Morphology

 

34. Anatomy is a branch of
A: Internal Morphology

 

35. The study of microspores of fruit yielding plants is called
A: Palynology

 

36. The following branch of Botany is built on the basis of information obtained from different fields of Botany
        1) Physiology         2) Phytogeography         3) Systematic Botany         4) Embryology
A: 3(Systematic Botany)

 

37. Match the following lists.

(I) Autotrophic thallophytes (A) Pteridology
(II) Heterotrophic thallophytes (B) Phycology
(III) Amphibians of plant kingdom (C) Mycology
(IV) First Vascular plants (D) Bryology

A: I   II   III   IV
    B  C   D   A

 

38. The branch of Botany that deals with the study of the geographic distribution of the plants in the past and present is
A: Phytogeography

 

39. The study of fossils is called
A: Paleo Botany