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NUMBER SERIES

Directions (Q.1-5): What should come in place of question mark (?) in the following number series questions?
1. 2 1 1 1.5 3 ?
Ans: 7.5
Explanation: 2 × 0.5 = 1
             1 × 1 = 1
             1 × 1.5 = 1.5
             1.5 × 2 = 3
             3 × 2.5 = 7.5

 

2. 51 66 83 102 123 ?
Ans: 146
Explanation: 72 + 2 = 51
              82 + 2 = 66
              92 + 2 = 83
              102 + 2 = 102
              112 + 2 = 123
              122 + 2 = 146

 

3. 4 24 84 264 804 ?
Ans: 2424
Explanation: 4 × 3 + 12 = 24
             24 × 3 + 12 = 84
             84 × 3 + 12 = 264
             264 × 3 + 12 = 804
             804 × 3 + 12 = 2424

 

4. 24 36.2 30.4 33.6 32 ?
Ans: 32.8
Explanation: 24 + 12.8 = 36.8
             36.8 − 6.4 = 30.4
             30.4 + 3.2 = 33.6
             33.6 − 1.6 = 32
             32 + 0.8 = 32.8

 

5. 6 9 13.5 20.25 30.375 ?
Ans: 49.7525
Explanation: 6 × 3 ÷ 2 = 9
             9 × 3 ÷ 2 = 13.5
             13.5 × 3 ÷ 2 = 20.25
             20.25 × 3 ÷ 2 = 30.375
             30.375 × 3 ÷ 2 = 45.5625
Directions (Q.6-10): In each of the following questions, a number series is given. One number is missing. What is that missing number?
6. 2 ? 19 45 99 209 431
Ans: 7
Explanation: 2 × 2 + 3 = 7
             7 × 2 + 5 = 19
             19 × 2 + 7 = 45
             45 × 2 + 9 = 99
             99 × 2 + 11 = 209
             209 × 2 + 13 = 431

 

7. ?   4   6   12   30   90   315
Ans: 4
Explanation: 4 × 1 = 4
              4 × 1.5 = 6
              6 × 2 = 12
              12 × 2.5 = 30
              30 × 3 = 90
              90 × 3.5 = 315

 

8. 48   62   78   96   116   ?   162
Ans: 138
Explanation: 72 − 1, 82 − 2, 92 − 3,
                       102 − 4, 112 − 5,
                       122 − 6, 132 − 7

 

9. 54   35   ?   3   −10   −21   −30
Ans: 18
Explanation: 54 − 19 = 35
             35 − 17 = 18
             18 − 15 = 3
             3 − 13 = −10
             −10 − 11 = −21
             − 21 − 9 = −30

 

10. 11   12   20   43   ?   339.5   1194.25
Ans: 111.5
Explanation: 11 × 1 + 1 = 12
             12 × 1.5 + 2 = 20
             20 × 2 + 3 = 43
             43 × 2.5 + 4 = 111.5
             111.5 × 3 + 5 = 339.5
             339.5 × 3.5 + 6 = 1194.25

Directions (Q.11-15): In each of the following number series questions a number is wrong. You have to identify that number.
11. 4   6   9   13.5   20   30.375
Ans: 20
Explanation: 4 × 1.5 = 6
              6 × 1.5 = 9
              9 × 1.5 = 13.5
              13.5 × 1.5 = 20.25
              20.25 × 1.5 = 30.375

 

12. 11   13   30   99   412   2085
Ans: 11
Explanation: 12 × 1 + 1 = 13
             13 × 2 + 4 = 30
             30 × 3 + 9 = 99
             99 × 4 + 16 = 412
             412 × 5 + 25 = 2085

 

13. 3   4   10   32   155   924
Ans: 10
Explanation: 3 × 2 − 2 = 4
             4 × 3 − 3 = 9
             9 × 4 − 4 = 32
             32 × 5 − 5 = 155
             155 × 6 − 6 = 924


14. 208   214   232   262   302   358
Ans: 302
Explanation: 208 + 6 = 214
             214 + 18 = 232
             232 + 30 = 262
             262 + 42 = 304
             304 + 54 = 358

 

15. 156   170   192   226   280   364
Ans: 364
Explanation: 156 + 14 = 170
             170 + 14 + 8 = 192
             192 + 22 + 12 = 226
             226 + 34 + 20 = 280
             280 + 54 + 32 = 366

 

Directions(Q.16-20): In each of the following questions a number series is given. After theseries, a number is given followed by (a), (b), (c), (d) and (e). You have to complete theseries starting with the number given, following the sequence of the original series and answer the questions that follow the series.
16. 3   732   1244   1587   1803   1928
       5    (a)      (b)      (c)       (d)       (e)
What will come in place of (d)?
Ans: 1805
Explanation: The difference between the numbers are perfect cubes ... required number in (d) position is 1805

17.  16   4     2    1.5   1.5    1.875
     4    (a)  (b)   (c)   (d)    (e)
What will come in place of (b)?
Ans: 0.5
Explanation: 16 × 0.25 = 4
             4 × 0.5 = 2
             2 × 0.75 = 1.5
             1.5 × 1 = 1.5
             1.5 × 1.25 = 1.875
 Required number is
       4 × 0.25 = 1
       1 × 0.5 = 0.5


18.  3   19   99    499   2499    12499
     2   (a)  (b)   (c)    (d)      (e)
What will come in place of (c)?
Ans: 374
Explanation: 3 × 5 + 4 = 19
             19 × 5 + 4 = 99
             99 × 5 + 4 = 499
             499 × 5 + 4 = 2499
             2499 × 5 + 4 = 12499
  Required number is
     2 × 5 + 4 = 14
     14 × 5 + 4 = 74
     74 × 5 + 4 = 374


19. 14   19   12   23   10   27
       11  (a)   (b)  (c)   (d)  (e)
What will come in place of (b)?
Ans: 9
Explanation: 14 + 5 = 19
              19 − 7 = 12
              12 + 11 = 23
              23 − 13 = 10
              10 + 17 = 27

    Required number is
         11 + 5 = 16
         16 − 7 = 9
Short cut: Vertical difference is always constant

 

20.  24   144   180   900   925    3700
      17   (a)   (b)   (c)   (d)     (e)
What will come in place of (e)?
Ans: 2860
Explanation: 24 × 6 = 144
             144 + 62 = 180
             180 × 5 = 900
             900 + 52 = 925
             925 × 4 = 3700
  Required number is
      17 × 6 = 102
      102 + 36 = 138
      138 × 5 = 690
      690 + 25 = 715
      715 × 4 = 2860

 

Directions (Q.21-25): In each of the following questions, a number is wrong. You have to identify that number.
21. 7.2   32   156   776   3876   19276
Ans: 19276
Explanation: 7.2 × 5 − 4 = 32
             32 × 5 − 4 = 156
             156 × 5 − 4 = 776
             776 × 5 − 4 = 3876
             3876 × 5 − 4 = 19376

 

22. 328   340   360   412   508   700
Ans: 360
Explanation: 328 + 12 = 340
             340 + 24 = 364
             364 + 48 = 412
             412 + 96 = 508
             508 + 192 = 700

 

23. 12   18   45   156.5   708.75   3898.125
Ans: 156.5
Explanation: 12 × 1.5 = 18
             18 × 2.5 = 45
             45 × 3.5 = 157.5
             157.5 × 4.5 = 708.75
             708.75 × 5.5 = 3898.125

 

24. 0.7   1.1   1.9   3.1   4.7   6.9
Ans: 6.9
Explanation: 0.7 + 0.4 = 1.1
             1.1 + 0.8 = 1.9
             1.9 + 1.2 = 3.1
             3.1 + 1.6 = 4.7
             4.7 + 2 = 6.7

 

25. 3399   1131   375   125   39   11
Ans: 125
Explanation: 3399 ÷ 3 − 2 = 1131
             1131 ÷ 3 − 2 = 375
             375 ÷ 3 − 2 = 123
             123 ÷ 3 − 2 = 39
             39 ÷ 3 − 2 = 11

Which is the first-ever  global health day?

International
BRICS Youth Summit On 1 December 2020, the Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Kiren Rijiju attended the VIth BRICS Youth Summit and meeting of BRICS
Ministers virtually.

 

US Air Quality Index

US Air Quality Index released on 30 November 2020. Pakistan's cultural capital Lahore topped the list of world's most polluted cities, whereas Delhi got the second rank.
          Lahore reported a particulate matter (PM) rating of 423, whereas New Delhi came in second with a PM of 229.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency regards air quality satisfactory if the AQI is under 50.

 

Asians of the YEAR
The CEO of the world's largest vaccine manufacturer Serum Institute of India (SII) Adar Poonawalla is one among the six people named "Asians of the Year" by Singapore's leading daily, The Straits Times for their work in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic.
            The five others in the list announced on 4 December 2020 include Chinese researcher Zhang Yongzhen, Major General Chen Wei (China ), Dr. Ryuichi Morishita (Japan), Ooi Eng Eong (Singapore) and South Korean businessman Seo Jung-jin.


International Sand Art Festival
9th edition of the International Sand Art Festival organised between 1-5 December at the Chandrabhaga Beach of Konark in Odisha’s Puri district.
               This year, the main themes of the sculptures are ‘Environment’ and ‘Covid-19’. Sudarsan Pattnaik, worldrenowned sand artist and Padmashree Awardee, has been appointed as Chief Curator of the festival. Every year, the festival is celebrated with great fervour in the first week of December as part of the Konark Dance Festival.

Global Climate Change Performance Index
On 7 December 2020, the Global Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) was released in which India got 10th place.
             The index took four categories like GHG emissions, Renewable Energy, Energy Use and Climate Policy.
In 2019, India got 9th rank. No countries were ranked in the top 3 Positions as no country performed well in all four categories to achieve a perfect score on the performance index. Sweden fared well by getting 4th rank.
            CCPI developed by not-for-profit organisations Germanwatch and NewClimate Institute (Germany) together with the Climate Action Network (CAN International).

 

Global Terrorism Index 2020
India ranked 8th on the Global Terrorism Index 2020 announced by ‘The Institute for Economics & Peace’ in its report announced on 27 November 2020.
            Afghanistan was the most affected by terrorism followed by Iraq and Nigeria.
The report reveals that the Taliban remains the most active terrorist group in Afghanistan.
           The report also said that the COVID- 19 pandemic could present opportunities for terrorist organizations to consolidate and expand their operations and territory, as governments turn their focus from counter-terrorism operations to addressing the public health crisis.


'Person of the Year'
The U.S.A President-elect Joe Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris were jointly named as the “Time magazine's 2020 Person of the Year" on 10 December 2020.
               Time magazine mentioned Biden and Harris election broke gender and racial barriers together offered restoration and renewal in a single ticket.
Both Biden and Harris edged out frontline health care workers along with the nation’s leading infectious-disease expert, Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the racial justice movement and President Trump for the distinction.

 

National

New Parliament Building

On 10 December 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of the New Parliament Building.
          This building construction, estimated to cost Rs. 971 crore, is expected to finish before the country's 75th Independence Day in 2022. PM Modi said that the new building is an intrinsic part of the vision of ‘AatmaNirbhar Bharat’.
         Tata Projects Ltd has been given the contract for the construction project of the new Parliament building.

Architect Bimal Patel said the triangular shape of a new building to be built over 64,500 square meters, the four-storey building will be triangular and its interiors will have three national symbols - the lotus, the peacock and the banyan tree - as its themes.

         The new Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha halls will have increased seating capacities (888 and 384 seats respectively) in anticipation of an expanded Parliament. The seating inthe Lok Sabha hall can be expanded to 1,272 to host joint sessions.
         The new Parliament building is part of the ‘Central Vista’, the power corridor of India, having a common central secretariat and revamped three-kmlong Rajpath, from the Rashtrapati Bhavan to the India Gate.


Fit India Cyclothon

Union Sports Minister Kiren Rijiju launched 2nd edition of Fit India Cyclothon on 7 December 2020.
       The mega cycling event will run for 25 days till 31 December 2020.
The event will be held across the country in each district and citizens can participate by registering on Fit India website.


Mount Everest is taller
On 8 December 2020, the Nepal and China governments declared that the height of Mount Everest is 8,848.86 metres tall, about 86 centimetres more than the previous measurement.
           According to the measurement done in 1954 by Survey of India, the height of Mount Everest was 8,848 metres.
Mount Everest is located in the collision and compression zone between the edges of the Indian plate and the Eurasian plate, where crustal movement is very active.


CoWin App
The Union Ministry of Health developed a digital platform, including an app CoWin, for real-time monitoring of Covid-19 vaccine delivery, recording data and to enable people to get themselves registered for vaccination.


Akash and Igla test-fired
The Indian Air Force carried out firing of the indigenously developed Akash missile system along with Russian short-range Igla missiles as part of a drill at air force station Suryalanka in Andhra Pradesh on 1 December 2020.
           Both were engaged the Manoeuvrable Expendable Aerial Targets (MEAT) providing near realistic training to the combat crew.


India Mobile Congress 2020
Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the virtual India Mobile Congress (IMC) 2020 through video conference on 8 December 2020. The theme for IMC 2020 was "Inclusive Innovation - Smart, Secure, Sustainable”.

              The mobile congress aims to promote ‘AatmaNirbhar Bharat’, ‘Digital Inclusivity’, and ‘Sustainable development, entrepreneurship & innovation’.
It also aims to drive foreign and local investments, encourage R&D in the telecom and emerging technology sectors.


PASSEX
Indian Navy and Russian Federation Navy participated in the ‘Passage Exercise (PASSEX)’ in the Eastern Indian Ocean Region (IOR) between 4-5 December 2020.

 

Agra Metro Project
On 7 December 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the phase I of the construction of Agra Metro project. The metro will ease the movement of about 2.5 million local residents. The Agra Metro project comprises of two corridors with a total length of 29.4 km.

 

Anti-cow slaughter bill
The Karnataka Prevention of Slaughter and Preservation of Cattle Bill-2020 was passed seeking a total ban on the slaughter of cows in the state.
          The bill also intends to protect buffaloes and their calves less than 12 years of age. The bill passed by Karnataka
Assembly on 9 December 2020 also brings a stringent punishment to those who indulge in smuggling, illegal transportation, atrocities on cows and slaughtering them.


Octane Premium Petrol
On 1 December 2020, Union Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas and Steel Dharmendra Pradhan launched India's first indigenously developed 100 Octane premium petrol.

            Octane is environment-friendly fuel as one more step towards facilitating ease of living for the citizens.
Octane ratings are measures of fuel stability that increases engine efficiency. The high-octane premium grade petrol being marketed under the brand XP-100 will be made available in 10 cities across the country including the national capital in the first phase.


PM - WANI
On 9 December 2020, the Union Cabinet approved setting up of public WiFi networks across the nation. The WiFi will be provided through public data offices (PDOs) for which there will be no licence, registration or any other fees. The public WiFi is being rolled out as part of the Prime Minister WiFi Access Network Interface (PM- WANI).

 

Others
International Day of Persons with Disabilities
The International Day of Persons with Disabilities is annually observed on 3rd December to promote the full and equal participation of persons with disabilities.
          The Theme of the day for the year 2020 is 'Building back better: towards an inclusive, accessible and sustainable post-COVID-19 world by, for and with persons with disabilities'.
         The day marks the resolve of the global community to respond to the challenges faced by people with disability.
A Global Awareness Raising Campaign “Tell our stories, enable our rights” is going on in social media channels, focusing on the impact of the pandemic on people living with disabilities.


World AIDS Day
World AIDS Day is being observed on 1st December every year. The theme for World AIDS Day 2020 is “Global solidarity, shared responsibility,"
           Founded in 1988, World AIDS Day was the first-ever global health day.
The observation is an opportunity to show solidarity with the millions of people living with HIV worldwide. Most people do this by wearing an HIV awareness red ribbon on the day. The government of Madhya Pradesh aims to eliminate AIDS by 2030.


Global Teacher Prize
The government school teacher from Paritewadi, Maharashtra, Ranjitsinh Disale was conferred with the $ 1 million Global Teacher Prize on 3 December 2020.
          He is best known for embedding QR codes in textbooks which were adopted by NCERT. He also worked towards eradicating teenage marriages in his village and promoting girls' education.
         Ranjitsinh also declared to share half of his Rs 7.4 crore prize money with the rest of the nine finalists for the Global Teacher Prize to support the “incredible work” of the “change-makers”.
         He also worked towards building peace between young people across conflict zones. He connects young people from India and Pakistan, Palestine and Israel, Iraq and Iran, and the US and North Korea through a ‘Let’s Cross the Borders’ project

 

Jehan Daruvala
Indian driver Jehan Daruvala created history when he became the first Indian to win a Formula 2 race during the Sakhir Grand Prix on 6 December 2020.


Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2020
On 7 December 2020, the Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2020 was conferred on Raj Kamal Jha, the writer and chief editor of The Indian Express for his book, “The City and the Sea”.

            It is a novel based on the atrocious (Nirbhaya) case of sexual assault and murder, that brought India together in a moral frenzy.
The award was founded in 2018 by US-based publisher Peter Bundalo, the award serves as a platform to celebrate world peace, literature, art, education, and human rights.
           Tagore Prize 2020 for Social Achievement was conferred to His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said, the late Sultan of Oman and The People of Oman and from India Sandip Soparrkar a renowned dancer-choreographer.


Time’s first-ever kid of the year
On 3 December 2020, Gitanjali Rao, the 15-year-old Indian-American a "brilliant" young scientist and inventor, has been named by TIME magazine as the first-ever 'Kid of the Year' for her "astonishing work" using technology to tackle issues ranging from contaminated drinking water to opioid addiction and cyberbullying.

          She was selected from a field of more than 5,000 nominees as TIME's  first-ever 'Kid of the Year'.
She stressed to create a global community of young innovators to solve problems the world over as her generation is facing many problems that they have never seen before.


‘Shameless' to ‘Oscar’
‘Shameless', the short film directed by Keith Gomes was selected as India's official entry at the 93rd Oscars in the 'Live Action Short Film' category on 28 November 2020.
        Only 15 minutes short film has a theme of loss of human spirit due to technology.

 

Model Questions

1. Which month will be observed as "Gaurav Maah' (pride month) to honour the contributions of the armed forces and their veterans to our nation?
1) January 2021    2) February 2021   3) December 2020

4) March 2021      5) April 2021


2. Roch Marc Christian Kabore was re-elected as the president of…
1) Kuwait     2) Portugal   3) Burkina Faso    4) Iraq      5) Chile

 

3. Who is appointed as the new Secretary-General of the Lok Sabha?
1) Desh Deepak Verma
2) K.K. Venugopal
3) Utpal Kumar Singh
4) Taranjit Singh Sandhu
5) Mrs. Gaitri I. Kumar


4. "Indian Navy Combat Ready, Credible & Cohesive" is the theme of 2020 Indian Navy Day. Every year  Indian Navy Day observed on......
1) 15 January       2) 8 October
3) 7 December     4) 4 December   5) 1 December


5. Which airport to be renamed as  Maryada Purushottam Sri Ram  Airport?
1) Lucknow   2) Delhi   3) Ayodhya   4) Varanasi   5) Kanpur


6. Which nation became second to plant a flag on the Moon?
1) India   2) Russia 3) China    4) Japan   5) UK


7. Government of India announced the third stimulus package of ………….for the “Mission COVID Suraksha- The Indian COVID-19 Vaccine Development Mission”.
1) Rs. 400 Crore          2) Rs. 900 Crore
3) Rs. 1200 Crore        4) Rs. 1800 Crore    5) Rs. 450 Crore


8. Which state is proposing to establish  Raimona National Park ?
1) Karnataka      2) UP            3) Assam
4) Odisha           5) West Bengal


9. Which state launched the Mobile app ‘Thee’ for the benefit of the general public to reach out to the Fire and Rescue Services when in need?
1) Goa      2) Haryana     3) Tamil Nadu     4) UP     5) MP


10. Which is the first nation approved  the Sale of Lab-created meat?
1) USA    2) UK     3) Singapore   4) Serbia   5) Spain


11. List of persons died and their related field is given. Wrong option is.
1) Diego Maradona-Football
2) Faqir Chand Kohli-Information  Technology
3) Sean Connery-James Bond Actor
4) TN Krishnan- Veteran violin player
5) All of the above correct

 

12. Who was announced as the ambassador for the British Academy of Film and Television Arts’ (BAFTA) ‘Breakthrough Initiative’?
1) Amitab Bacchan
2) IlayaRaja 3) A.R. Rahman
4) S P Balasubramanyam
5) Akshay Kapoor


13. Kuldeep Handoo, the first Dronacharya awardee from the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir was appointed as the Ambassador of Fit India movement. He is a coach in which sport/game?
1) Wushu         2) Hockey
3) Foot Ball      4) Archery   5) Chess


14. Government of India set up a task force for preparing a roadmap on imparting………… in Mother Tongue under the chairmanship of Amit Khare, the Union Secretary of Higher Education
1) Legal education
2) Technical education
3) Soft skills
4) Physical education
5) Medical education


15. As per the new School Bag Policy 2020 proposed by the Education Ministry, the maximum weight of the schoolbags must not be more than ………of the student’s weight
1) 10%    2) 15%    3) 20%   4) 25%    5) 5%


16. “40 Years with Abdul Kalam - Untold Stories” written by……..
1) Kirpal Singh Ji   2) Meena Iyer
3) Anupam Kher    4) Sivathanu Pillai
5) Dr Pradeep Kumar Srivastava


17. The cyclone name ’Burevi’ suggested by which nation? The name ‘Burevi’ means black mangroves in the Dhivehi language.
1) India   2) Sri Lanka   3) Myanmar   4) Nepal   5) Maldives


18. Union Ministry of Ayush announced that the upcoming new campus of the National Institute of Naturopathy (NIN) will be called ‘Nisarg Gram’ located in..
1) Pune 2) Mumbai   3) Hyderabad   4) Lucknow  5) Chennai


19. Joe Biden, the USA president-elect named which Indian American as the next USA Surgeon General?
1) Kiran Ahuja        2) Puneet Talwar
3) Arun Majumdar  4) Rahul Gupta    5) Vivek Murthy


20. Who was appointed as the 27th  Director General of Border Roads Organisation (BRO)?
1) Uday Shankar   2) PD Vaghela   3) Rajeev Chaudhary
4) PVG Menon      5) AK Gupta


21. On the eve of Indian Organ Donation Day observed on 27 November, in which city the nation’s first organ donation memorial was inaugurated?
1) Kochi      2) Dharwad
3) Nagpur   4) Bhiwandi   5) Jaipur


22. Which state named the newly-built Majerhat bridge as "Jai Hind" bridge to commemorate the 125th birth anniversary of Subhas Chandra Bose?
1) Sikkim   2) Arunachal Pradesh  3) West Bengal     4) Kerala     5) Meghalaya


23. The Indian Navy received the first of the four Poseidon 8I maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare aircraft from ………..
1) UK 2) Israel 3) France   4) Russia   5) USA


24. Who was elected as the chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus making her one of the most powerful US lawmakers in the 117th congress?
1) Kate Bedingfield   2) Jen Psaki
3) Pramila Jayapal    4) Neera Tanden
5) Ashley Etienne


25. First CEO of WHO (World Health Organization) Foundation is………………
1) Anil Soni
2) Saurabh Nanavati
3) Ajay Kumar Bhalla
4) Apurva Chandra
5) Hemant Khatri 


 Key
1-3     2-3    3-3    4-4   5-3   6-3   7-2   8-3  9-3   10-3    11-5 12-3  13-1 14-2 15-1 16-4 17-5 18-1 19-5  20-3  21-5  22-3  23-5  24-3   25-1

CODING-DECODING

SOLVED EXAMPLES
 

Example 1 :-
If GOODNESS is coded as HNPCODTR, then how GREATNESS can be written in that code?
    (a) HQZSMFRT      (b) HQFZUFRTM     (c) HQFZUODTR     (d) HQFZUMFRT
Sol. (d) Clearly, the letters in the word GOODNESS are moved one step forward and one step backward alternative to obtain the letters of the code.
As,

 

Example 2:-
If in a certain code ‘INTELLIGENCE’ is written as ‘ETNIGILLENCE’, then how can ‘MATHEMATICAL’ be written in the same code?
(a) AMHTMETACILA
(b) TAMMEHITALAC
(c) HTAMTAMELACI
(d) LACITAMEHTAM
Sol. (c)
As,

 

Example 3 :-
In a certain code language, ‘STARK’ is written as ‘LBFMG’ and ‘MOBILE’ is written as ‘TNRSPJ’. How will ‘BLAME’ be written in that same code language?
   (a) TSFRJ      (b) RPFTJ     (c) NJFTP     (d) TSFGJ     (e) None of these
Sol. (b) Using direct letter coding method. 

 

Example 4:-
In a certain coding system, ‘SHEEP’ is written as ‘GAXXR’ and "BLEAT’ is written as ‘HPXTN’. How can ‘SLATE’ be written in that same coding system?
   (a) GPTNX     (b) GPTXN      (c) GPXNT     (d) PTGXN     (e) None of these
Sol. (a) In both the words ‘SHEEP’ and ‘BLEAT’, the letter E is common and code for E is substituted X. Hence, using direct letter coding method, we have

 

Example 5:-
If ‘WORK’ is coded as ‘4-12-9-16’, then how will you code ‘WOMAN’?
    (a) 4-12-14-26-13     (b) 4-26-14-13-12  c) 23-12-26-14-13
   (d) 23-15-13-1-14       (e) None of these
Sol. (a) We have,
                        
       Then,
                    
Here, each letter is coded by the numerical value obtained by subtracting its ‘position value’ in English alphabetical order, from 27, e.g. letters W, O, M, A, N are at 23rd, 15th, 13th, 1st and 14th position in alphabetical order. So, their codes are (27 – 23), (27 – 13), (27 – 1), (27 – 14) i.e. 4, 12, 14, 26, 13, respectively i.e. their backward order position.  

 

Example 6 :-
If MADRAS is coded as 517916 and TENANT is coded as 432124, then how would you encode RMATSN?
    (a) 851353       (b) 951363       (c) 951462       (d) 941562
Sol. (c) We have,

 

Example 7 :-
In a certain code language, ‘it pit sit’ means ‘I am boy’, ‘it nit sit’ means ‘I am girl’, which of the following means ‘girl’?
      (a) it         (b) pit       (c) sit     (d) nit      (e) None of these
Sol. (d) We have
                                      
Here, ‘it’ and ‘sit’ are common in both the messages and ‘I’ and ‘am’ are common in both codes. Hence, code for girl will be ‘nit’.

 

Example 8 :-
In a certain code language,
481 means ‘sky is blue’ 246 means ‘sea is deep’ and 698 means ‘sea looks blue’. What number is the code for blue?
        (a) 1                 (b) 6                   (c) 8            (d) 9
Sol. (c) Given
                       
From Eqs. (i) and (iii),
It is clearly shown that, the code for blue is ‘8’.

 

Example 9 :-
If ‘white’ is called ‘blue’, ‘blue’ is called ‘red’, ‘red’ is called ‘yellow’, ‘yellow’ is called ‘green’, ‘green’ is called ‘black’, ‘black’ is called ‘violet’ and ‘violet’ is called ‘orange’, then what would be the colour of human blood?
    (a) Red         (b) Green     (c) Yellow     (d) Violet       (e) Orange
Sol. (c) We know that, the colour of the human blood is ‘red’ but here ‘red’

 

Example 10 :-
If ‘parrot’ is known as ‘peacock’, ‘peacock’ is known as ‘swallow’, ‘swallow’ is known as ‘pigeon’ and ‘pigeon’ is known as ‘sparrow’, then what would be the name of Indian National Bird?
     (a) Parrot    (b) Swallow      (c) Peacock     (d) Pigeon     (e) Sparrow
Sol. (b) We know that, peacock is the Indian National Bird but here peacock is known as swallow. So, the answer is swallow.


 

EXERCISE
1. In a certain code language, ‘GIVE’ is written as ‘VIEG’ and ‘OVER’ is written as ‘EVRO’. How will ‘DISK’ be written in that same code?
A: SIKD
Solution:

 

2. In a coding, system, APPLE is represented as ZKKOV. In such system, COW will be represented as
A: XLD
Solution:                      

3. If CUP = 40, then KITE = ?
A: 45
Solution:
   As,
   3   21   16
  C    U    P     3 + 21 + 16 = 40
  Similarly,
   11   9   10  5
   K    I     T    E   11 +  9 + 20 + 5 = 45
  (using forward letter positions)

 

4. If BAG = 71, then VICE = ?
A: 69
Solution:
   As,
   25   26   20
   B    A    G      25 + 26 + 20 = 71
   Similarly,
   5   18   24  22
    V    I    C    E    5 +  18 + 24 + 22 = 69
   (using backward letter positions)

 

Study the following letters and their corresponding digits codes following by certain conditions of coding and then answer the questions given below them by finding out which of the digits combinations given in (a), (b), (c) and (d) is the coded form of the letters-groups given in each question and mark your answer accordingly.
 

Conditions :
 

(i) If both the first and the last letters in the group are vowels, both should be coded as $.
(ii) If both the first and the last letters in the group are consonants, both should be coded as #.

           
5. KUNAJB
A: #0391#
Solution:
We know that, in English alphabets A, E, I, O, U letters are vowels and remaining letters are consonants.
From condition (ii),


 

6. RBUKAE
A: 670892
Solution:
We know that, in English alphabets A, E, I, O, U letters are vowels and remaining letters are consonants.
Does not follow any condition.

7. EBNAPI
A: $7395$
Solution:
We know that, in English alphabets A, E, I, O, U letters are vowels and remaining letters are consonants.
From condition (i),

 

8. If the word ‘TABLECLOTH’ is coded as ‘XEMRANRIXT’, then how can ‘HOTEL’ be coded?
A: TIXAR
Solution:
 As,

       
9. If ‘CARING’ is coded as ‘EDVGKC’, and ‘SHARES’ is coded as ‘UKEPBO’, then how will ‘CASKET’ be coded as in the same code?
A: EDWIBP

Solution:

10. If DEMOCRATIC is written as EDMORCATCI, then how CONTINUOUS will be written in the same code?
A: OCNTNIUOSU
Solution

 

Coded Inqualities - Basics

Model - 1

Reverse symbols:

Symbol                  Reverse symbols                                                                  

A > B                     B < A      

A < B                    B > A

A B                    B A

A B                    B A

A = B                    B = A

 

 Opposite symbols:

Symbol                    Opposite symbols
     >                         < or
     <                         > or
                                  
                                

     =                            =

Directions (Q.1-10): In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statement(s). The statement(s) is/are followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. Study the conclusions based on the given statement(s) and select the appropriate answer.

Give answer:

1) If only conclusion I follows

2) If only conclusion II follows

3) If either conclusion I or II follows

4) If neither conclusion I nor II follows

5) If both conclusions I and II follow

1. Statement: E > A = B C H > N

   Conclusions: I. E > N   II. C < E

2. Statement: Y X Z = A D = E

   Conclusions: I. A Y II. X E

3. Statement: K O < L = G > H T

   Conclusions: I. K < G II. L > T

4. Statement: P M = D < E W > J

   Conclusions: I. J < D II. E > P

5. Statement: P > S O = M Z L = D

   Conclusions: I. S = Z II. Z > S

6. Statements: P > L A = N E D;  R N > D

   Conclusions: I. E L II. R < P

7. Statements: K E M = C S > H; U < L M T > B

   Conclusions: I. T K II. H < U

8. Statements: A C < N = K G < E; Q K > M O; H > F K P < R

   Conclusions: I. G < H II. N > O

9. Statements: E F < G H; J < H K I Q; L < N > H T = M

   Conclusions: I. G < M II. M = G

10. Statements: A < Q = R Z > T; Q M < B > Y = L; S < I > T = B J

     Conclusions: I. Z < B II. Y > S

 

Directions (Q.11–15): In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statements. The statements are followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. Study the conclusions based on the given statement and select the appropriate answer.

11. Statements: N W; W > H; H < T

Conclusions: I. H < N II. T > W

1) Neither I nor II follows    2) Only I follows     3) Only II follows    4) Both I and II follow    5) Either I or II follows

 

12. Statements: F > R; H < R; L H

Conclusions: I. R L II. F > L

1) Only II follows    2) Either I or II follows   3) Only I follows    4) Neither I nor II follows   5) Both I and II follow

 

13. Statements: J K; K < M; M > T

Conclusions: I. K < T II. K T

1) Both I and II follow   2) Either I or II follows   3) Only II follows    4) Neither I nor II follows   5) Only I follows

 

14. Statements: F M, M > A, R < A, E > R

Conclusions: I. F E II. F < E

1) Only I follows       2) Both I and II follow
3) Only II follows      4) Either I or II follows   5) Neither I nor II follows

 

15. Statements: A B, M > B, D < M, F = D

Conclusions: I. B < A II. M > F

1) Neither I nor II follows  2) Both I & II follow   3) Only I follows  

4) Either I or II follows   5) Only II follows

 

Directions (Q.16-20): In these questions, relationship between different elements is shown in the statement. The statement is followed by some conclusions. Study the conclusions based on the given statement and select the appropriate answer.
16. Statement: A < D > C < E > B

Conclusions: I. C > B II. A < E

1) Either conclusion I or II follows   2) Only conclusion I follows   3) Neither conclusion I nor II follows

4) Both conclusions I and II follow   5) Only conclusion II follows

 

17. Statement: M < O = U N > T D

Conclusions: I. O > D II. M T

1) Either conclusion I or II follows     2) Only conclusion I follows   3) Neither conclusion I nor II follows   

4) Both conclusions I and II follow    5) Only conclusion II follows

 

18. Statement: P R > Q = T S

Conclusions: I. T < P   II. S = Q   III. Q > S

1) Either conclusion II or III follows    2) Only conclusion I follows   
3) Only I and either conclusion II or III follows     4) All follow   5) None follows

 

19. Statement: S U W P = C > M

Conclusions: I. M < U  II. C > S  III. U = M

1) Either conclusion I or III follows     
2) Only conclusion I follows   
3) Only II and either conclusion I or III follows   
4) Only II follows   5) All follow

 

20. Statement: J O < A N T > Z R

Conclusions: I. A > J   II. N < R   III. A = T

1) Only I follows     2) Only II and III follow     3) Only conclusion II follows   

4) Only II and either conclusion I or III follows    5) All follows 
 

Solutions
1. Two opposite symbols between E and N, Hence, I does not follow. Between E and C the symbol > is common. Hence, E > C is true, obviously C < E is also true.

∴ Only II follows.

2. Between Y and A, the symbol is common, Hence, Y A is true obviously A Y is also true. Between X and E two opposite symbols, hence no conclusion can be drawn

∴ Only I follows

3. Between K and G, the Symbol < is common. Hence K < G follows. Between L and T, the symbol > is common. Hence L > T follows.

∴ Both I and II follow

4. Two opposite symbols between D and J. Hence, I does not follow. Between P and E, the symbol < is common. Hence P < E is true ⇒ E > P is also true

∴ Only II follows.

5. Between S and Z, the symbol is common. Hence, S Z true ⇒ Z S is also true.

∴ Either I or II follows

6. Two opposite symbols are there in between L and E. Hence I does not follow. Combining both the statements, we have P > N R. So P > R is true ⇒ R < P is also true.

∴ Hence only II follows

7. Combining both the statements we have K M T. So, K T is true ⇒ T K is also true. Two opposite symbols between U and M So, II does not follow.

∴ Hence, only I follows.

8. Combining we have, H > K G. So, H > G is true ⇒ G < H is also true. Combining we have N = K > O ⇒ N > O is true.

∴ Hence, both I and II follow 
9. Combining we have, G H M. So, G M is true.

∴ Hence, either I or II follows.

10. Between Z and B there are two opposite symbols. So, I does not follow. Between S and B there are two opposite symbols. So, II does not follow.

∴ Hence, neither I nor II follows

11. Combining we have, N W > H So, N > H is true ⇒ H < N is also true Between W and T there are two opposite symbols, so no Conclusion can be drawn.

∴ Hence only I follows.

12. Combining we have F > R > H L From this, R L does not follow. F > L follows.

∴ Hence, only II follows

13. Combining we have J K < M > T Between K and T, two opposite symbols. So, neither I nor II follows, but between I and II, one of the conclusions must be true but
which conclusion must be true we cannot say.

∴ Hence either I or II follows.

14. Combining the statements we have F M > A > R < E Between F and E two opposite symbols. Hence neither I not II follows, But between I and II, one of the Conclusions must be true but which conclusion is definitely true we cannot say.

∴ Hence either I or II follows

15. Combining the statements we have A B < M > D = F A B is true ⇒ B A true but only B < A is false. M > F is true.

∴ Hence, only II follows

16. Between CB, and AE there are two opposite symbols.

∴ Hence, neither I nor II follows.

17. Between OD and MT there are two opposite symbols. 
∴ Hence neither I nor II follows

18. Between P and T, the symbol > is common So, P > T is true ⇒ T < P is also true. Between Q and S, the symbol is common So, Q S is true.

∴ Hence, only I and either conclusion II or III follows.

19. Between U and M, the symbol > is common So, U > M is true ⇒ M < U is true but M = U is false. Between S and C the symbol is common. So, S C is true ⇒ C S is true but only C > S is false.

∴ Hence, only I follows.

20. Between J and A, the symbol < is common. So, J < A is true ⇒ A > J is true. Between N and R, the symbol > is common So, N > R is true but N < R is false. Two opposite symbols between A and T. So III is false. 

∴ Hence only I is true     

KEY: 1-2   2-1   3-5   4-2   5-3   6-2   7-1   8-5   9-3   10-4   11-2   12-1  13-2   14-4   15-5   16-3   17-3   18-3   19-2   20-1.

 

SOME MORE EXAMPLES

1. In a certain code language, if the word ‘AUTONOMOUS’ is coded as ‘SUOMONOTUA’, then what is the code for ‘GOVERNMENT’ in that language?
a) TNEMNGOVER       b) TNEMNREVOG     c) GOVERTNEMN       d) TNENMREOVG
Sol: Code for ‘AUTONOMOUS’ is obtained by reversing the order of letters.
A   U   T   O   N   O   M   O   U   S 
1    2    3   4    5   6    7    8   9  10
S   U   O   M   O   N   O   T   U   A
10  9    8    7    6   5    4   3    2    1
Similarly,
G   O   V   E   R   N   M   E   N   T  
1   2    3   4    5    6    7    8    9  10
T   N   E   M   N   R   E   V   O   G
10  9    8    7    6   5    4   3    2   1
Ans: b

2. In a certain code language, ‘PROBLEM’ is coded as ‘MPERLOB’. Then how will you code ‘ABSCOND’ in that language?
a) DANSOCB       b) DNOCSBA        c) DNASOBC       d) DANBOSC
Sol:
P  R  O  B  L  E  M M  P  E  R  L  O  B
1   2  3   4  5  6  7        7   1  6  2   5    3  4
Similarly,
A  B  S  C  O  N  D D  A  N  B  O  S  C
1   2  3   4  5   6   7       7   1  6   2   5   3  4
Ans: d

3. If blue is coded as green, green is coded as white and white is coded as black, then what will be the code for the colour of grass?
a) White       b) Green           c) Black          d) None of these
Sol: Grass is Green and Green is coded as White.
Ans: a

 

4. If TRUTH is coded as SUQSTVSUGI, then the code for FALSE will be
a) EGZBKMRTDF       b) FGZBKNRTDF c) EGZKMRTDF          d) EGZBKMRDE
Sol: 

Ans: a


5. If in a certain code 1326 is coded as 8673, and 5470 is coded as 4529, then the code for 0009 will be
a) 9990       b) 1110       c) 8881       d) 1090
Sol:

Ans: a

6. In a certain code language 7 3 2 means ‘intelligent trained faculty’. 2 8 5 means ‘highly intelligent student’, 8 1 6 means ‘student and teacher’. Which numerical symbol in that code language stands for ‘highly’?
a) 5             b) 8             c) 7             d) 2
Sol: Intelligent = 2,  Student = 8. Hence, highly = 5.
Ans: a

7. If ‘CPU’ is called ‘Monitor’, ‘Monitor’ is called ‘Keyboard’, ‘Keyboard’ is called ‘Printer’, ‘Printer’ is called ‘Mouse’ and ‘Mouse’ is called ‘Modem’, then which of the following is used to type?
a) CPU    b) Monitor    c) Mouse    d) Printer
Sol: We type using ‘keyboard’ which is called ‘printer’.
Ans: d

8. If DIMENSION is coded as 14159191451394, then what will be the code for FUNDAMENTAL in that language?
a) 12120135141421146        b) 12120141351414621     
c) 122012141351421613      d) 12120145131414216 

Ans: d

 

9. In a certain code language, ‘BASIC’ is coded as ‘CCVMH’, then what is the code for ‘NOIDA’ in that language?
a) OQLHF      b) OPLHF     c) OPJEB      d) OQHLF
Sol: 

Similarly,


 Ans: a

10. In a certain code language, ‘BLUE’ is coded as ‘13’ and ‘TYPE’ is coded as ‘21’. What will be the code for ‘FEAR’?
a) 19           b) 21           c) 18           d) 20
Sol: 2 12 21 5 B  L  U  E 2 + 1 + 2 + 2 + 1 + 5 = 13, 20 25 16  5
T   Y   P  E
2 + 0 + 2 + 5 + 1 + 6 + 5 = 21,
Similarly,
6  5  1 18
F  E A  R 6 + 5 + 1 + 1 + 8 = 21
Code for the above words is obtained by taking addition of digits of place values of each letter in the word.
Ans: b 

11. If ‘grass is green’ is coded as $ # @, ‘grass in park’ is coded as % @ & and ‘green colour park’ is coded as $ & *’, then what is the code for ‘colour is green’?
a) $ * &     b) & $ #     c) $ * #     d) @ $ *
Sol: From 1st and 2nd statements, code for grass is @; from 2nd and 3rd statements, code for park is & and from 1st and 3rd statements code for green is $. Therefore, code for colour is H. Hence, code for ‘colour is green’ is $ * #.
Ans: c

12. In a certain language, ‘tir me sac’ means ‘green and tasty’, ‘pic sac for’ means ‘tomato is green’, ‘voc tir for’ means ‘food is tasty’. Which of the following means, ‘tomato is tasty’ in that code?
a) ‘for tir doc’       b) ‘pic for tir’       c) ‘pic for sac’      d) ‘tir me for’
Sol: From 1st and 2nd statements code for green is ‘sac’. From 2nd and 3rd statements code for ‘is’ is ‘for’. From 1st and 3rd statements code for tasty is ‘tir’. So, code for tomato is ‘pic’ Hence, ‘tomato is tasty’ is coded as ‘pic for tir’.
Ans: b

13. A is coded as 1, B is coded as 3, C is coded as 5 and so on till M. Then N is coded as 2, O is coded as 4, P is coded as 6 and so on till Z. Then what will be the sum of the codes of the letters for the word ENGLISH?
a) 81          b) 71          c) 91          d) 85
Sol: E + N + G + L + I + S + H
= 9 + 2 + 13 + 23 + 17 + 12 + 15 = 91.
Ans: c

INDIA'S POPULATION REACHED TO?

 


Premium Subsidy Changed

 On 17 March 2020, the Union Agriculture minister Narendra Singh Tomar informed the Lok Sabha that the premium subsidy sharing pattern between Centre and North Eastern States has been changed from 50 : 50 to 90:10 for PM- Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana and Restructured Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (RWBCIS). It will allow more States to notify the scheme and existing States to notify more crops and areas to facilitate greater coverage of farmers under the scheme. For remaining States, subsidy sharing pattern will continue as 50:50. The Minister also said that Insurance companies will now be selected by the States for 3 years in a go instead of 1 year thereby increasing their commitment and accountability to the farmers.


World Population Prospects 2019 report

 On 20 March 2020 Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare, Ashwini Kumar Choubey informed the Loksabha that as per the ‘World Population Prospects 2019’ report, India’s population reached 1.36 billion (136 crore) in mid 2019. He also said that, as per the Census of India, India's population was 121.02 crore in 2011.
 

Innovate for Accessible India campaign
 

On 17 March 2020, the Microsoft India and National Association of Software and Service Companies (NASSCOM) Foundation launched the “Innovate for Accessible India campaign” aimed at empowering people with disabilities with the technology and tools required for better integration into society and access to equal opportunities.
    The campaign will invite applications from students, citizens and social impact organisations to build customized solutions that address challenges faced by people with disabilities across the 21 officially recognize disabilities. 
    The 10 best solutions that address key challenges faced by people with disabilities will be provided mentoring support by Microsoft and NASSCOM Foundation, along with grants to develop and scale their solution.

 

Procurement of Tejas
 

    Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) approved procurement of 83 indigenous Tejas fighter aircraft for Indian Air Force on 18 March 2020. While orders of 40 Tejas aircraft had been placed with HAL in initial configurations, DAC paved the way for the procurement of another 83 of the more advanced version of the aircraft from HAL (Hindustan Aeronautics Limited). 
    DAC also accorded approval for acquisition of indigenous Defence equipment for about 1,300 crore rupees. The Light Combat Aircraft Tejas is going to be the backbone of Indian Air Force in future.

 

MyGov Corona Helpdesk
 

To reduce panic among the citizens pertaining to COVID-19, the Central Government launched an official chatbot on popular instant messaging application WhatsApp on 20 March 2020. This WhatsApp Chatbot is named MyGov Corona Helpdesk and is available to all WhatsApp users. The person in need is only required to save the number - 9013151515 in their contact list and send a message to the My Gov Corona Helpdesk. The helpdesk is free for all.
    The move is expected to mitigate the circulation of fake news and the spreading of misinformation among the masses pertaining to coronavirus. The government of India started helpline number 011-23978046 and Toll free number 1075. It also set up an email id ncov2019@gov.in to resolve any queries that people might have regarding the dreaded disease. 

 

World Bank increases COVID-19  fund
 

    World Bank announced $ 14 billion to assist companies and countries in their efforts to respond to the rapid spread of COVID-19. It means the World Bank added $ 2 billion to the initial package. This package will strengthen national systems for public health preparedness, including for disease containment, diagnosis, treatment and support. 
 

Nirbhaya case Convicts hanged
 

    Four convicts Akshay Thakur, Pawan Gupta, Vinay Sharma, and Mukesh Singh in Nirbhaya gang rape and murder case were hanged to death at Tihar jail in Delhi in the early hours of 20 March 2020. 
    The pre-dawn execution took place less than two hours after the Supreme Court dismissed the final petition of the convicts. 
    One of the six arrested in the rape case, Ram Singh was found dead in his jail cell and a minor who was just short of 18 was freed after three years in a reform home.

 

Swavalamban Express
 

  Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) is launching Swavalamban Express – a train journey to empower small business aspirants under its Mission “Swavalamban”.
    'Swavalamban Express' is modelled as a unique Self-Employment Paathshala, where people come with their dreams and walk out as Swavalambis, empowered to start their own enterprises and take control of their own destinies.  The train journey would last for 15 days (starting 1st May 2020), and would cover over 7,000 kms (with stopover at 11 cities) with 500 young and aspiring Swavalambis (or small-business aspirants) aboard and over 150 mentors and subject-matter experts, some travelling together and others present at each station/city to meet and share their experiences and add value.

 

ISL Trophy

 On March 17, 2020, ATK FC (Foot ball Club) won the Indian Super League trophy by defeating Chennaiyin FC in the final match held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Margao, Goa. 
    The final was held without spectators owing to the COVID-19 pandemic. Javier Hernandez scored two goals and Edu Garcia netted one of ATK FC to clinch the title.

 

SAARC to fight Covid-19
 

   On 15 March 2020, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi interacted with the leaders of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) countries through video conference to chart out a common strategy in order to combat COVID-19 in the region. 
    He proposed setting up a COVID-19 emergency fund and he said that India committing $ 10 million initially for it, and asserted that the best way to deal with the pandemic was by coming together and not growing apart. 
    He also proposed to create common research platform to control epidemics. The leaders from other 7 Nations in video conference shared their views to combat Covid-19.

 

Satyarup Siddhanta Record

 Satyarup Siddhanta became first Indian to climb the highest volcanoes of each of the 7 continents. He climbed the highest volcano of Antarctica - Mt Sidley to complete his 7 summits and Volcanic 7 summits.
    By this, the Bengaluru-based 37-years-old techie mountaineer holds a world record for being the youngest in the world to summit the highest mountains (7 Summits) of each continent, including the Mt. Everest in Nepal and highest Volcanoes (Volcanic 7 summits) of each continent.

 

Chameli Devi Jain Award 
 

Arfa Khanum Sherwani of The Wire and Rohini Mohan, the Bengaluru-based freelancer have been jointly given Chameli Devi Jain Award for outstanding woman journalist. S Rukmini an independent data-journalist from Chennai, received honourable mention.
    Arfa Sherwani was chosen for her reporting from conflict situations in Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh. 
    Rohini Mohan was also chosen for her reportage on the NRC exercise in Assam set a new benchmark for investigative journalism.
    The Media Foundation instituted the Chameli Devi Jain Award for an Outstanding Woman Journalist in 1980, named after Chameli Devi Jain, a legendary freedom fighter and community reformer who went to jail for her beliefs.

 

Model Questions
 

1.     Former chief justice of India Ranjan Gogoi sworn in as .....
    1) the member of Rajya sabha    
    2) the member of Lok sabha 
    3) Attorney General Of India    
    4) Chairman, National Human Rights Commission 
    5) Judge, International court of Justice

 

2.     Kamal Nath resigned as the chief minister of     
    1) Madhya Pradesh         2) Uttar Pradesh     3) Maharashtra           4) Rajasthan 
    5) Chhattisgarh

 

3.     World Sparrow day observed on…
    1) 11 March             2) 1 March            3) 20 March       4) 28 February          5) 14 February

 

4.     Haryana's Amin village renamed as ….
    1) Deendayal Nagar       2) Gurugram     3) Abhimanyupur               4) Kalaburagi 
    5) Shivamogga

 

5.     7th World Cities Summit (WCS) in the month of July 2020 will be held in…
    1) Hong Kong        2) Singapore         3) USA     4) Argentina          
    5) Mexico

 

6.     Union Railway Ministry plans to electrify all broad gauge (BG) routes by….
    1) December 2023            2) June 2023     
    3) January 2023                  4) December 2024 
    5) March 2025

 

7.     'Janata curfew’ observed throughout India on …….to fight coronavirus as per the call given by Prime Minister Narendra Modi
    1) 20 March 2020             2) 22 February 2020     
    3) 12 March 2020            4) 2 March 2020
    5) 22 March 2020

 

8.     The book "My Encounters in Parliament" authored by?
    1) Nitu Bhattacharya         2) Tahira Kashyap Khurrana 
    3) Apurva Purohit        4) Sadguru Patil and Mayabhushan Nagvenkar 
    5) Bhalchandra Mungekar

 

9.     COVID-19 Economic Response Task Force to deal with the economic challenges arising out of the pandemic headed by….
    1) Sanjiv Sanyal         2) Rajiv Kumar 
    3) Nirmala Sitharaman         4) Krishnamurthy Subramanian
    5) Amitabh Kant

 

Key: 1-1; 2-1; 3-3; 4-3; 5-2; 6-1; 7-5; 8-5; 9-3.
 

Writer: Amara Veeraswamy

4-4-2020

KEEP SOIL ALIVE..  PROTECT SOIL BIODIVERSITY!

1. RBI declared that all branches of Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd. operate as branches of DBS Bank India Ltd. from 27 November 2020. Who is the present MD & CEO of DBS Bank India Ltd?
1) Rajesh Prabhu           2) Preeti Priya
3) Surojit Shome            4) Ravindra Bahl
5) Vikram Sud


2. RBI announced to increase the limit for contactless card transactions to…………..from Rs. 2,000 per transaction  from 1 January 2021
1) Rs. 10,000            2) Rs. 15,000
3) Rs. 5,000              4) Rs. 20,000
5) Rs. 25,000


3. As per monetary policy review statement announced by RBI governor on 4 December 2020, Real GDP growth projection for FY 21 revised to ………
1) −7.5%       2) −5.5%       3) −6.5%    4) −8.5%      5) −4.5%


4. The RBI projected CPI inflation at  …………..Q3 of FY 21
1) 4.8%     2) 1.5%     3) 8.4%     4) 3.8%     5) 6.8%


5. Banks can avail funds from RBI   under TLTRO to invest in sectors   under ECLGS 2.0 as per the recent   decision of RBI. In this context what  stands for ‘R’ in TLTRO?
1) Rupee      2) Repo     3) Real    4) Rule     5) Raise


6. Asian Development Bank on 20  November 2020 said it approved $   50 million loan to improve operational   efficiencies and resource  planning and management in…
1) West Bengal          2) Odisha             3) AP
4) Tamil Nadu            5) Chhattisgarh


7. The latest Policy rates and Reserve    Ratios of RBI are given, after declaration    of monetary policy review.   The wrong option is…………
1) Repo Rate : 4.00%     

2) Reverse Repo Rate : 3.35%     

3) Marginal Standing Facility  Rate : 4.25% 

4) Cash Reserve Ratio : 3.00%

5) All of above correct


8. RBI decided to make RTGS available round the clock on all days of the year with effect from …………
1) 25 December 2020
2) 31 December 2020
3) 14 December 2020
4) 14 January 2021
5) 1 February 2021


9. Which international monetary authority promised a loan of $132.8 million loan to Meghalaya to strengthen and modernize the distribution network and improve the
quality of power supplied to households, industries, and businesses on 1 December 2020?
1) AIIB      2) NDB     3) ADB     4) World Bank    5) USAID


10. On 25 November 2020, PM Modi released a special stamp and Rs. 100 commemorate coin on the foundation day of which university/ college/ Institution?
1) Jawaharlal Nehru University
2) Indian Institute of Science
3) IIT Delhi

4) St.Stephen’s College
5) Lucknow University


11. International Day of Banks is observed globally on…………
1) 1 December       2) 8 December
3) 10 December     4) 4 December
5) 11 December


12. World’s first central bank to have over 1 million followers on Twitter is......
1) Sveriges Riksbank, Sweden
2) People’s Bank of China, China
3) RBI, India
4) BangkoSentral ng Pilipinas,Philippines
5) State Bank of Pakistan, Pakistan


13. USA President-elect Joe Biden named whom as his nominee for treasury secretary? If confirmed by the Senate, she would be the first woman ever to hold the post.
1) Janet Yellen           2) Mala Adiga
3) Neera Tanden       4) Jen Psaki
5) Kate Bedingfield


14. RBI ordered which bank to suspend planned digital launches and the addition of fresh credit card customers, following frequent outages in online services ?
1) SBI      2) RBL Bank     3) HDFC Bank   4) YES Bank     5) Union Bank of India


15. To empower MSMEs with instant   digital loans, Suryoday Small  Finance Bank announced partnership  with…………….
1) Amazon Pay       2) Mobikwik       3) PhonePe   

4) G-Pay                 5) Paytm


16. ‘Ek Parivar Ek Bank’ is the punch   line of ……………
1) Bank of India        2) Dhanlaxmi Bank       3) Punjab National Bank

4) ICICI                     5) Bank of Maharashtra


17. Which international monetary organization  allocated $20.3 million aid  to its developing member countries  to access coronavirus vaccine on  17 November 2020?
1) AIIB     2) IDA    3) ADB   4) NDB    5) IMF


18. Who is the chairman of Indian Oil  Corporation appointed as the first  Vice-president of World Liquefied  Petroleum Gas Association  (WLPGA)?
1) PVG Menon                 2) Rajiv Jalota   3) Shrikant Madhav Vaidya
4) Akshay Kumar Singh   5) Sanjay Kumar Mishra


19. BRICS Economic Research Award   2020, declared by EXIM Bank  India conferred on……….
1) Dr. Dinesh Katre
2) Dr. Adam Yao Liu
3) Mark Carney

4) Seema Gupta
5) Aditya Puri


20. Which two nations are the biggest  contributors towards FDI equity  inflows to India as per the data  published by the Department for  Promotion of Industry and  Internal Trade (DIPP) between April and September 2020?
1) UK and USA
2) France and USA
3) Singapore and USA
4) Singapore and Mauritius
5) USA and Japan


21. Which day celebrated as ‘Awaas Diwas’ to commemorate the launch of PMAY-G, which aims to provide “Housing for All” by 2022?
1) 1 December     2) 14 December    3) 20 November

4) 30 November   5) 5 December


22. Which railway station renamed as  Mahadevappa Mailara Railway  Station in Karnataka?
1) Raichur                         2) Mandya     3) Haveri
4) Subramanya Road       5) Hassan


23. Who launched ANANDA (Atma Nirbhar Agents New Business Digital Application), a digital application for agents for onboarding to get a life insurance policy?
1) SBI Life                        2) HDFC Life      3) LIC
4) ICICI Prudential Life    5) Sri Ram Life Insurance


24. On 25 November 2020, who  launched the Securities Market  Trainers (SMARTs) program, an  initiative aimed at enhancing investor education and awareness?
1) RBI      2) BSE     3) NSE
4) SBI      5) SEBI


25. On 1 December 2020, which state  launched the biggest-ever DirectBenefit Transfer (DBT) scheme  called 'Orunodoi', aiming to cover 22 lakh families by transferring  Rs. 830 per month to the account  of one of the female members of the family?
1) Odisha    2) UP   3) West Bengal   4) Tamil Nadu   5) Assam


26. Uday Shankar was elected as the  new president of …………..
1) FICCI   2) NHB   3) ASOCHAM  4) CII   5) Exim Bank


27. Which North Eastern state was  conferred with four awards for its  more success in the fishery sector  by National Fisheries Development  Board?
1) West Bengal   2) Andhra Pradesh   3) Assam           

4) Maharashtra   5) Karnataka


28. Which nation declared a climate emergency on 2 December 2020 and pledged that its public sector would become carbon neutral by 2025?
1) USA    2) Russia  3) New Zealand 4) Norway  5) Sweden


29. Government of India appointed whom as the new Chairperson of National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)?
1) PD Vaghela   2) Varsha Joshi
3) Sahil Seth     4) Abhas Jha
5) SN Shrivastava


30. Union government unveiled which scheme to impart training to primary cooperative societies in rural areas on 24 November 2020?
1) Sahakar Pragya   2) ARYA    3) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana
4) ASPIRE               5) Nai Udaan


31. Who is Comptroller & Auditor General of India, elected as External Auditor of Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU), Geneva for a three-year term.
1) K K Venugopal
2) Pradeep Kumar Joshi
3) Girish Chandra Murmu
4) Harsh Vardhan Shringla
5) Desh Deepak Verma


32. India gets which rank in the renewable power capacity as per the statement given by PM Modi in the RE-Invest 2020 meet on 26 Nov 2020?
1) 2nd   2) 7th    3) 10th    4) 4th    5) 8th


33. "Keep soil alive, protect soil biodiversity" is the theme of World Soil Day observed on…
1) 5 December     2) 10 December
3) 7 December     4) 1 December
5) 3 December


34. Uttar Pradesh Cabinet cleared the proposal to rename which airport as Maryada Purushottam Sri Ram Airport?
1) Ayodhya    2) Lucknow    3) Mathura
4) Varanasi    5) Shravasti


35. Government of India is working on an idea to set up a refinery for production of aviation fuel from bamboo grown in the Gadchiroli district of………….
1) Karnataka    2) Maharashtra
3) Jharkhand   4) Arunachal Pradesh
5) Tripura


36. NITI Aayog formed a panel to study feasibility of hyperloop technology in India under the chairmanship of………..
1) Ajay Bhushan Pandey
2) Krishnamurthy Subramanian
3) Karnal Singh

4) VK Saraswat
5) Vinod Kumar Yadav


37. Reliance Industries got first rank in the Fortune 500 list of Indian firms. Which company got second rank?
1) ONGC   2) TATA Motors   3) IOC   4) TCS   5) ICICI Bank


38. Which Municipal Corporation bonds on 2 December 2020, became the first municipal bonds from North India listed on Bombay Stock Exchange?
1) Mumbai    2) Delhi    3) Lucknow   4) Kolkata    5) Pune

 

Key

1-3  2-3  3-1  4-5  5-2  6-1  7-5  8-3  9-3  10-5  11-4  12-3  13-1  14-3  15-5  16-5  17-3  18-3  19-2  20-3  21-3  22-3  23-3  24-5  25-5  26-1  27-3  28-3  29-2  30-1  31-3 

32-4  33-1  34-1  35-2  36-4  37-3  38-3

Which is the first-ever  global health day?

International
BRICS Youth Summit On 1 December 2020, the Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Kiren Rijiju attended the VIth BRICS Youth Summit and meeting of BRICS
Ministers virtually.

 

US Air Quality Index

US Air Quality Index released on 30 November 2020. Pakistan's cultural capital Lahore topped the list of world's most polluted cities, whereas Delhi got the second rank.
          Lahore reported a particulate matter (PM) rating of 423, whereas New Delhi came in second with a PM of 229.

The United States Environmental Protection Agency regards air quality satisfactory if the AQI is under 50.

 

Asians of the YEAR
The CEO of the world's largest vaccine manufacturer Serum Institute of India (SII) Adar Poonawalla is one among the six people named "Asians of the Year" by Singapore's leading daily, The Straits Times for their work in fighting the COVID-19 pandemic.
            The five others in the list announced on 4 December 2020 include Chinese researcher Zhang Yongzhen, Major General Chen Wei (China ), Dr. Ryuichi Morishita (Japan), Ooi Eng Eong (Singapore) and South Korean businessman Seo Jung-jin.


International Sand Art Festival
9th edition of the International Sand Art Festival organised between 1-5 December at the Chandrabhaga Beach of Konark in Odisha’s Puri district.
               This year, the main themes of the sculptures are ‘Environment’ and ‘Covid-19’. Sudarsan Pattnaik, worldrenowned sand artist and Padmashree Awardee, has been appointed as Chief Curator of the festival. Every year, the festival is celebrated with great fervour in the first week of December as part of the Konark Dance Festival.

Global Climate Change Performance Index
On 7 December 2020, the Global Climate Change Performance Index (CCPI) was released in which India got 10th place.
             The index took four categories like GHG emissions, Renewable Energy, Energy Use and Climate Policy.
In 2019, India got 9th rank. No countries were ranked in the top 3 Positions as no country performed well in all four categories to achieve a perfect score on the performance index. Sweden fared well by getting 4th rank.
            CCPI developed by not-for-profit organisations Germanwatch and NewClimate Institute (Germany) together with the Climate Action Network (CAN International).

 

Global Terrorism Index 2020
India ranked 8th on the Global Terrorism Index 2020 announced by ‘The Institute for Economics & Peace’ in its report announced on 27 November 2020.
            Afghanistan was the most affected by terrorism followed by Iraq and Nigeria.
The report reveals that the Taliban remains the most active terrorist group in Afghanistan.
           The report also said that the COVID- 19 pandemic could present opportunities for terrorist organizations to consolidate and expand their operations and territory, as governments turn their focus from counter-terrorism operations to addressing the public health crisis.


'Person of the Year'
The U.S.A President-elect Joe Biden and Vice President-elect Kamala Harris were jointly named as the “Time magazine's 2020 Person of the Year" on 10 December 2020.
               Time magazine mentioned Biden and Harris election broke gender and racial barriers together offered restoration and renewal in a single ticket.
Both Biden and Harris edged out frontline health care workers along with the nation’s leading infectious-disease expert, Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the racial justice movement and President Trump for the distinction.

 

National

New Parliament Building

On 10 December 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation stone of the New Parliament Building.
          This building construction, estimated to cost Rs. 971 crore, is expected to finish before the country's 75th Independence Day in 2022. PM Modi said that the new building is an intrinsic part of the vision of ‘AatmaNirbhar Bharat’.
         Tata Projects Ltd has been given the contract for the construction project of the new Parliament building.

Architect Bimal Patel said the triangular shape of a new building to be built over 64,500 square meters, the four-storey building will be triangular and its interiors will have three national symbols - the lotus, the peacock and the banyan tree - as its themes.

         The new Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha halls will have increased seating capacities (888 and 384 seats respectively) in anticipation of an expanded Parliament. The seating inthe Lok Sabha hall can be expanded to 1,272 to host joint sessions.
         The new Parliament building is part of the ‘Central Vista’, the power corridor of India, having a common central secretariat and revamped three-kmlong Rajpath, from the Rashtrapati Bhavan to the India Gate.


Fit India Cyclothon

Union Sports Minister Kiren Rijiju launched 2nd edition of Fit India Cyclothon on 7 December 2020.
       The mega cycling event will run for 25 days till 31 December 2020.
The event will be held across the country in each district and citizens can participate by registering on Fit India website.


Mount Everest is taller
On 8 December 2020, the Nepal and China governments declared that the height of Mount Everest is 8,848.86 metres tall, about 86 centimetres more than the previous measurement.
           According to the measurement done in 1954 by Survey of India, the height of Mount Everest was 8,848 metres.
Mount Everest is located in the collision and compression zone between the edges of the Indian plate and the Eurasian plate, where crustal movement is very active.


CoWin App
The Union Ministry of Health developed a digital platform, including an app CoWin, for real-time monitoring of Covid-19 vaccine delivery, recording data and to enable people to get themselves registered for vaccination.


Akash and Igla test-fired
The Indian Air Force carried out firing of the indigenously developed Akash missile system along with Russian short-range Igla missiles as part of a drill at air force station Suryalanka in Andhra Pradesh on 1 December 2020.
           Both were engaged the Manoeuvrable Expendable Aerial Targets (MEAT) providing near realistic training to the combat crew.


India Mobile Congress 2020
Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the virtual India Mobile Congress (IMC) 2020 through video conference on 8 December 2020. The theme for IMC 2020 was "Inclusive Innovation - Smart, Secure, Sustainable”.

              The mobile congress aims to promote ‘AatmaNirbhar Bharat’, ‘Digital Inclusivity’, and ‘Sustainable development, entrepreneurship & innovation’.
It also aims to drive foreign and local investments, encourage R&D in the telecom and emerging technology sectors.


PASSEX
Indian Navy and Russian Federation Navy participated in the ‘Passage Exercise (PASSEX)’ in the Eastern Indian Ocean Region (IOR) between 4-5 December 2020.

 

Agra Metro Project
On 7 December 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the phase I of the construction of Agra Metro project. The metro will ease the movement of about 2.5 million local residents. The Agra Metro project comprises of two corridors with a total length of 29.4 km.

 

Anti-cow slaughter bill
The Karnataka Prevention of Slaughter and Preservation of Cattle Bill-2020 was passed seeking a total ban on the slaughter of cows in the state.
          The bill also intends to protect buffaloes and their calves less than 12 years of age. The bill passed by Karnataka
Assembly on 9 December 2020 also brings a stringent punishment to those who indulge in smuggling, illegal transportation, atrocities on cows and slaughtering them.


Octane Premium Petrol
On 1 December 2020, Union Minister for Petroleum and Natural Gas and Steel Dharmendra Pradhan launched India's first indigenously developed 100 Octane premium petrol.

            Octane is environment-friendly fuel as one more step towards facilitating ease of living for the citizens.
Octane ratings are measures of fuel stability that increases engine efficiency. The high-octane premium grade petrol being marketed under the brand XP-100 will be made available in 10 cities across the country including the national capital in the first phase.


PM - WANI
On 9 December 2020, the Union Cabinet approved setting up of public WiFi networks across the nation. The WiFi will be provided through public data offices (PDOs) for which there will be no licence, registration or any other fees. The public WiFi is being rolled out as part of the Prime Minister WiFi Access Network Interface (PM- WANI).

 

Others
International Day of Persons with Disabilities
The International Day of Persons with Disabilities is annually observed on 3rd December to promote the full and equal participation of persons with disabilities.
          The Theme of the day for the year 2020 is 'Building back better: towards an inclusive, accessible and sustainable post-COVID-19 world by, for and with persons with disabilities'.
         The day marks the resolve of the global community to respond to the challenges faced by people with disability.
A Global Awareness Raising Campaign “Tell our stories, enable our rights” is going on in social media channels, focusing on the impact of the pandemic on people living with disabilities.


World AIDS Day
World AIDS Day is being observed on 1st December every year. The theme for World AIDS Day 2020 is “Global solidarity, shared responsibility,"
           Founded in 1988, World AIDS Day was the first-ever global health day.
The observation is an opportunity to show solidarity with the millions of people living with HIV worldwide. Most people do this by wearing an HIV awareness red ribbon on the day. The government of Madhya Pradesh aims to eliminate AIDS by 2030.


Global Teacher Prize
The government school teacher from Paritewadi, Maharashtra, Ranjitsinh Disale was conferred with the $ 1 million Global Teacher Prize on 3 December 2020.
          He is best known for embedding QR codes in textbooks which were adopted by NCERT. He also worked towards eradicating teenage marriages in his village and promoting girls' education.
         Ranjitsinh also declared to share half of his Rs 7.4 crore prize money with the rest of the nine finalists for the Global Teacher Prize to support the “incredible work” of the “change-makers”.
         He also worked towards building peace between young people across conflict zones. He connects young people from India and Pakistan, Palestine and Israel, Iraq and Iran, and the US and North Korea through a ‘Let’s Cross the Borders’ project

 

Jehan Daruvala
Indian driver Jehan Daruvala created history when he became the first Indian to win a Formula 2 race during the Sakhir Grand Prix on 6 December 2020.


Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2020
On 7 December 2020, the Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2020 was conferred on Raj Kamal Jha, the writer and chief editor of The Indian Express for his book, “The City and the Sea”.

            It is a novel based on the atrocious (Nirbhaya) case of sexual assault and murder, that brought India together in a moral frenzy.
The award was founded in 2018 by US-based publisher Peter Bundalo, the award serves as a platform to celebrate world peace, literature, art, education, and human rights.
           Tagore Prize 2020 for Social Achievement was conferred to His Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said Al Said, the late Sultan of Oman and The People of Oman and from India Sandip Soparrkar a renowned dancer-choreographer.


Time’s first-ever kid of the year
On 3 December 2020, Gitanjali Rao, the 15-year-old Indian-American a "brilliant" young scientist and inventor, has been named by TIME magazine as the first-ever 'Kid of the Year' for her "astonishing work" using technology to tackle issues ranging from contaminated drinking water to opioid addiction and cyberbullying.

          She was selected from a field of more than 5,000 nominees as TIME's  first-ever 'Kid of the Year'.
She stressed to create a global community of young innovators to solve problems the world over as her generation is facing many problems that they have never seen before.


‘Shameless' to ‘Oscar’
‘Shameless', the short film directed by Keith Gomes was selected as India's official entry at the 93rd Oscars in the 'Live Action Short Film' category on 28 November 2020.
        Only 15 minutes short film has a theme of loss of human spirit due to technology.

 

Model Questions

1. Which month will be observed as "Gaurav Maah' (pride month) to honour the contributions of the armed forces and their veterans to our nation?
1) January 2021    2) February 2021   3) December 2020

4) March 2021      5) April 2021


2. Roch Marc Christian Kabore was re-elected as the president of…
1) Kuwait     2) Portugal   3) Burkina Faso    4) Iraq      5) Chile

 

3. Who is appointed as the new Secretary-General of the Lok Sabha?
1) Desh Deepak Verma
2) K.K. Venugopal
3) Utpal Kumar Singh
4) Taranjit Singh Sandhu
5) Mrs. Gaitri I. Kumar


4. "Indian Navy Combat Ready, Credible & Cohesive" is the theme of 2020 Indian Navy Day. Every year  Indian Navy Day observed on......
1) 15 January       2) 8 October
3) 7 December     4) 4 December   5) 1 December


5. Which airport to be renamed as  Maryada Purushottam Sri Ram  Airport?
1) Lucknow   2) Delhi   3) Ayodhya   4) Varanasi   5) Kanpur


6. Which nation became second to plant a flag on the Moon?
1) India   2) Russia 3) China    4) Japan   5) UK


7. Government of India announced the third stimulus package of ………….for the “Mission COVID Suraksha- The Indian COVID-19 Vaccine Development Mission”.
1) Rs. 400 Crore          2) Rs. 900 Crore
3) Rs. 1200 Crore        4) Rs. 1800 Crore    5) Rs. 450 Crore


8. Which state is proposing to establish  Raimona National Park ?
1) Karnataka      2) UP            3) Assam
4) Odisha           5) West Bengal


9. Which state launched the Mobile app ‘Thee’ for the benefit of the general public to reach out to the Fire and Rescue Services when in need?
1) Goa      2) Haryana     3) Tamil Nadu     4) UP     5) MP


10. Which is the first nation approved  the Sale of Lab-created meat?
1) USA    2) UK     3) Singapore   4) Serbia   5) Spain


11. List of persons died and their related field is given. Wrong option is.
1) Diego Maradona-Football
2) Faqir Chand Kohli-Information  Technology
3) Sean Connery-James Bond Actor
4) TN Krishnan- Veteran violin player
5) All of the above correct

 

12. Who was announced as the ambassador for the British Academy of Film and Television Arts’ (BAFTA) ‘Breakthrough Initiative’?
1) Amitab Bacchan
2) IlayaRaja 3) A.R. Rahman
4) S P Balasubramanyam
5) Akshay Kapoor


13. Kuldeep Handoo, the first Dronacharya awardee from the union territory of Jammu and Kashmir was appointed as the Ambassador of Fit India movement. He is a coach in which sport/game?
1) Wushu         2) Hockey
3) Foot Ball      4) Archery   5) Chess


14. Government of India set up a task force for preparing a roadmap on imparting………… in Mother Tongue under the chairmanship of Amit Khare, the Union Secretary of Higher Education
1) Legal education
2) Technical education
3) Soft skills
4) Physical education
5) Medical education


15. As per the new School Bag Policy 2020 proposed by the Education Ministry, the maximum weight of the schoolbags must not be more than ………of the student’s weight
1) 10%    2) 15%    3) 20%   4) 25%    5) 5%


16. “40 Years with Abdul Kalam - Untold Stories” written by……..
1) Kirpal Singh Ji   2) Meena Iyer
3) Anupam Kher    4) Sivathanu Pillai
5) Dr Pradeep Kumar Srivastava


17. The cyclone name ’Burevi’ suggested by which nation? The name ‘Burevi’ means black mangroves in the Dhivehi language.
1) India   2) Sri Lanka   3) Myanmar   4) Nepal   5) Maldives


18. Union Ministry of Ayush announced that the upcoming new campus of the National Institute of Naturopathy (NIN) will be called ‘Nisarg Gram’ located in..
1) Pune 2) Mumbai   3) Hyderabad   4) Lucknow  5) Chennai


19. Joe Biden, the USA president-elect named which Indian American as the next USA Surgeon General?
1) Kiran Ahuja        2) Puneet Talwar
3) Arun Majumdar  4) Rahul Gupta    5) Vivek Murthy


20. Who was appointed as the 27th  Director General of Border Roads Organisation (BRO)?
1) Uday Shankar   2) PD Vaghela   3) Rajeev Chaudhary
4) PVG Menon      5) AK Gupta


21. On the eve of Indian Organ Donation Day observed on 27 November, in which city the nation’s first organ donation memorial was inaugurated?
1) Kochi      2) Dharwad
3) Nagpur   4) Bhiwandi   5) Jaipur


22. Which state named the newly-built Majerhat bridge as "Jai Hind" bridge to commemorate the 125th birth anniversary of Subhas Chandra Bose?
1) Sikkim   2) Arunachal Pradesh  3) West Bengal     4) Kerala     5) Meghalaya


23. The Indian Navy received the first of the four Poseidon 8I maritime reconnaissance and anti-submarine warfare aircraft from ………..
1) UK 2) Israel 3) France   4) Russia   5) USA


24. Who was elected as the chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus making her one of the most powerful US lawmakers in the 117th congress?
1) Kate Bedingfield   2) Jen Psaki
3) Pramila Jayapal    4) Neera Tanden
5) Ashley Etienne


25. First CEO of WHO (World Health Organization) Foundation is………………
1) Anil Soni
2) Saurabh Nanavati
3) Ajay Kumar Bhalla
4) Apurva Chandra
5) Hemant Khatri 


 Key
1-3     2-3    3-3    4-4   5-3   6-3   7-2   8-3  9-3   10-3    11-5 12-3  13-1 14-2 15-1 16-4 17-5 18-1 19-5  20-3  21-5  22-3  23-5  24-3   25-1

Syllogism (Logical Deductions)

NOTE:

* Restatements always false.

* If any conclusion is false in any one diagram (B.D + P.D), that conclusion is always false.

* If any conclusion is true in all the diagrams (B.D + P.D), that conclusion is always true.

* If statement/ statements are in +VE, conclusions are in –VE: then that –VE conclusions are always false (VISE-VERSA).

ALL
Statements: All A are B.
                     All B are C.

Conclusions:

1. All A are B (False)

2. All A are C (True)
3. All B are C (False)
4. All C are A (False)
5. All C are B (False)
6. All B are A (False)


Conclusions:
1. Some A are B (True)
2. Some A are C (True)
3. Some B are C (True)
4. Some C are A (True)
5. Some C are B (True)
6. Some B are A (True)


Conclusions:

1. Some A are not B (False)
2. Some A are not C (False)
3. Some B are not C (False)
4. Some C are not A (False)
5. Some C are not B (False)
6. Some B are not A (False)


Conclusions:

1. No A are B (False)
2. No A are C (False)
3. No B are C (False)
4. No C are A (False)
5. No C are B (False)
6. No B are A (False)


SOME
Statement: Some A are B
Basic diagram:


Possible diagrams:


Conclusions:

1. All A are B (False)
2. All B are A (False)
3. Some A are B (False)
4. Some B are A (True)
5. No A is B (False)
6. No B is A (False)
7. Some A are not B (False)
8. Some B are not A (False)


NO
Statement: No A is B.


Conclusions:

1. All A are B (False)
2. All B are A (False)
3. Some A are B (False)
4. Some B are A (False)
5. No A is B (False)
6. No B is A (True)
7. Some A are not B (True)
8. Some B are not A (True)


SOME NOT
Statement
: Some A are not B


Conclusions:

1. All A are B (False)
2. All B are A (False)
3. Some A are B (False)
4. Some B are A (False)
5. No A is B (False)
6. No B is A (False)
7. Some A are not B (False)
8. Some B are not A (False)


EITHER OR CASE
Conditions:

* Given 2 conclusions must be false individually.
* Elements must be same in both the conclusions.
* Complimentary pair must be available in both the conclusions.


SPECIAL CASES



Conclusions:

I. No A is C (True)
II. No C is A (True)
III. Some A are not C (True)
IV. Some C are not A (True)
3. Statements:

All A are B.
No A is C.


Conclusions:

I. Some B are not C (True)
II. Some C are not B (False)


POSSIBILITY CASE
1. Statements:
 All A are B.
                          Some B are C.
                          No C is D.


Conclusions:
I. Some B’s being D’s is a possibility (True)
II. All A’s being C’s is a possibility (True)
III. All D’s being A’s is a possibility (True)
IV. Some C’s being B’s is a possibility
(False)
Note: Existing relations or Established
relations are always FALSE in Possibility
conclusions.


2. Statements: No A is B.
                         All B are C.
                         Some C are D.


Conclusions:

I. All C’s can be A’s (False)
II. All A’s can never be D (False)
III. Some B ‘s can be D’s (True)
IV. There is possibility that Some C’s are A’s (True)
V. There is possibility that Some D are C (False)

 


Model Questions
Directions (Q.1-3):
In each of the questions below are given three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known  facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide  which of the given conclusions logically follows  from the given statements disregarding commonly  known facts.


Give Answer:
A) If only Conclusion I follows
B) If only Conclusion II follows
C) If either Conclusion I or Conclusion IIfollows
D) If neither Conclusion I nor Conclusion IIfollows
E) If both Conclusion I and II follows


1. Statements: Some Dares are Dream.
                         All Dreams are Real.
                         No Real is Fake.
Conclusions:

I. Some Dreams are Fake.
II. All dream is not fake.


2. Statements:

No Rain is Game.
Some Games are Chain.
No Chain is Lane.
Conclusions:

I. Some Chains are not Rain.
II. Some Games are Lane.


3. Statements:   Some Movie are Ticket.
                           No Ticket is Popcorn.
                           Some Popcorn is Burger.
Conclusions:

I. Some Movies are Burger.
II. Some Burgers are not Movie.


4. Statements:  Some Bag is Hot.
                          No Hot is Cake.
                          All Cakes are Milk.
Conclusions:

I. Some Bag is not Cakes.
II. Some Hots can be Milk.
III. Some Milk is not Hot.


Give Answer:
A) If only conclusion II follows
B) If both conclusions II and III follow
C) If both conclusions I and III follow
D) If both conclusions I and II follow
E) If all conclusions follows

Key With Explanations

Directions (1 - 10): In each questions below are given some statements followed by two conclusions I and II. You have to take given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow/s from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Read both the conclusions and give answer as -
1) If only conclusion I follows.
2) If only conclusion II follows.
3) If either conclusion I or II follows.
4) If neither conclusion I nor II follows.
5) If both conclusions I and II follow.

 

1. Statements: All mobiles are androids.
                          No android is a phone.
Conclusions: I. Some mobiles are not phones.
                      II. No phone is a mobile.
Ans: Both conclusions I and II follow.

 

Explanation:
                             

 

2. Statements: Some nails are pins.
                          Some pins are fingers.
Conclusions: I. No finger is a nail.
                      II. Some nails are fingers.
Ans: Either I or II follows.

 

Explanation:
                Basic diagram                                                 Alternate diagram                   
      

 

3. Statements: Some cranes are ducks.
                           No duck is a peacock.
Conclusions: I. No peacock is a crane.
                      II. Some peacocks are cranes.
Ans: Either I or II follows.

 

Explanation:
                     Basic diagram                                                       Alternate diagram
     

 

4. Statements: No chair is a glass.
                          All glasses are tables.
Conclusions: I. All tables are chairs.
                      II. Some tables are not chairs.
Ans: Only conclusion II follows.

 

Explanation:
                         
               When no table is a chair - definitely 'Some tables are not chairs' can be concluded. But this negative can conclusion in this question cannot have its complementory Conclusion (i.e. - All tables are chairs) because the first statement conditions get violated.

 

5. Statements: All cinemas are films.
                           All films are movies.
Conclusions: I. Some movies are cinemas.
                      II. All cinemas are movies.
Ans: Both conclusions I and II follow.

 

Explanation:
                                  

 

6. Statements: All friends are officers.
                          Some relatives are friends.
    Conclusions: I. No officer is a relative.
                         II. Some relatives are officer.
Ans: Only conclusion II follows.

 

Explanation:

 

 7. Statements: Some girls are engineers.
                          Some engineers are teachers.
                          All teachers are politicians.
Conclusions: I. No politician is a girl.
                      II. Some politicians are engineers.
Ans: Only conclusion II follows.

 

Explanation:
              
                  In this question for 'No politician in a girl' gets its Complementary Conclusion i.e. Some Politicians are girls. Since it is not given, the given negative Conclusion become invalid.

                      see the alternate picture.
 

 

8. Statements: All fingers are rings.
                           No ring is a chain.
                          Some bags are rings.
Conclusions: I. No bag is a chain.
                      II. Some bags are chains.
Ans: Either I or II follows.

 

Explanation:
                     Basic diagram                                                     Alternate diagram
          

 

9. Statements: All numbers are digits.
                           Many digits are dots.
                           No dot is a light.
Conclusions: I. Some dots are numbers.
                      II. Some lights are digits.
Ans: Neither conclusion I nor II follows.

 

Explanation:
                     Basic diagram                               
              

 

10. Statements: All songs are smiles.
                             All smiles are lives.
                             No life is a cinema.
Conclusions: I. No cinema is a song.
                      II. No smile is a cinema.
Ans: Both conclusions I and II follow.

 

Explanation:
   

 

 Only a Few Type
“Only a few” means “conditional some”. “Only a few” means is the combination of “some” and “someb not”. Ex: Only a few A are B means Some A are B and Some A are not B.

Conclusions:
1. Some B are not A (False)
2. All B’s being A’s is a possibility (True)
3. All A’s being B’s is possibility (False)


Directions (Q.1 – 10): In the questions below are given some statements followed by some conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be in variance
with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.
1. Statements:
   Only a few river is ocean.
   Some ocean is pond.
   No pond is sea.
   All sea is lake.
Conclusions:
   I. All river being ocean is a possibility.
   II. Some lake being ocean is a possibility.
   III. Some pond is lake.
a) Only conclusion I follows.
b) Both conclusion I and II follow.
c) Only conclusion II follows.
d) Both conclusion II and III follow.
e) None of the above
Explanation:


2. Statements:

   No fruit is vegetable.
   Only a few vegetable is mango.
   No mango is grape.
   Some grape is orange

Conclusions:
  I. No orange is vegetable.
  II. Some fruit is mango.
  III. All vegetable being grape is a possibility.
a) Only conclusion III follows.
b) Both conclusion II and III follow.
c) Only conclusion I follows.
d) Both conclusion I and II follow.
e) None of the above
Explanation:


3. Statements:
  Only a few red is yellow.
  No yellow is blue.
  Only a few blue is green.
  Some green is pink.
Conclusions:
  I. All red being blue is a possibility.
  II. Some pink being blue is a possibility.
  III. Some yellow is pink.
a) Only conclusion II follows.
b) Both conclusion I and II follow.
c) Only conclusion III follows.
d) Both conclusion II and III follow.
e) None of the above
Explanation:


4. Statements:
   Only a few boy is girl.
   Some girl is man.
   Only a few man is woman.
   No woman is kid.
Conclusions: I. Some girl is not boy is a possibility.
  II. Some woman is not man.
  III. Some kid being girl is a possibility.
  a) Only conclusion I follows.
b) Both conclusion I and II follow.
c) Only conclusion II follows.
d) Both conclusion I and III follow.
e) None of the above
Explanation:


5. Statements:

  All square is line.
  Some line is circle.
  Only a few circle is oval.
  No oval is point.
Conclusions:
  I. No square is circle.
  II. All oval being circle is a possibility.
  III. Some point is line.
a) Only conclusion II follows.
b) Both conclusion I and II follow.
c) Only conclusion III follows.
d) Both conclusion II and III follow.
e) None of the above
Explanation:
 

                                       

 6. Statements:
   Only a few doctor is engineer.
   All engineer is developer.
   Some developer is tester.
   Only a few tester is trainer.
Conclusions:
   I. Some developer is  trainer.
  II. Some engineer being tester is a possibililty.
  III. Some developer is docter.
a) Both conclusion II and III follow.
b) Only conclusion III follows.
c) Only conclusion I follows.
d) Both conclusion I and II follow.
e) None of the above
Explanation:


7. Statements:
  Only a few keyboard is laptop.
  Some laptop is monitor.
  No monitor is IC.
Conclusions:
  I. Some keyboard is not laptop.
  II. All laptop being IC is a possibility.
a) Only conclusion I follows.
b) Only conclusion II follows.
c) Both conclusion I and II follow.
d) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II followss.
e) None of the above
Explanation:


8. Statements:

   All summer is winter.
  Only a few winter is autumn.
  No autumn is climate.
  Conclusions:
  I. Some autumn is not winter is a possibility.
  II. Some summer is autumn.
a) Both conclusion I and II follow.
b) Only conclusion II follows.
c) Only conclusion I follows.
d) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follow.
e) None of the above
Explanation:


9. Statements:

  No Hindi is English.
  Only a few English is Science.
  No Science is Maths
Conclusions:
  I. No English being Science is a possibility.
  II. Some Hindi being Maths is a possibility.
a) Only conclusion I follows.
b) Both conclusion I and II follow.
c) Only conclusion II follows.
d) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
e) None of the above
Explanation:


10. Statements:

  No table is chair.
  No chair is bench.
  Only a few bench is box.
Conclusions:

  I. Some box being table is a possibility.
  II. All box being bench is a possibility.
a) Only conclusion I follows.
b) Both conclusion I and II follow.
c) Only conclusion II follows.
d) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion  II follows.
e) None of the above
Explanation:

 


 Directions (Q.11 – 12): In the questions below are given some statements followed by some conclusions. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be in variance with
commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.
11. Statements:
  Only few table is bench.
  No bench is desk.
  All desk is chair.
Conclusions:
  I. All table being bench is a possibility.
  II. Some chair being bench is a possibility.
a) Only conclusion I follows.
b) Only conclusion II follows.
c) Both conclusion I and II follow.
d) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
e) None of the above
Explanation:

 

12. Statements:

  No floor is balcony.
  Some balcony is wall.
  Only few wall is door.
Conclusions:
  I. All wall being floor is a possibility.
  II. Some door is balcony.
a) Only conclusion I follows.
b) Only conclusion II follows.
c) Both conclusion I and II follow.
d) Neither conclusion I nor conclusion II follows.
e) None of the above
Explanation:

some more

Directions (Qs. 1 - 18): In each of the following questions, two statements are followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the two given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with the commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Mark your answer as:
a) If only conclusion I follows
b) If only conclusion II follows
c) If neither I nor II follows
d) If both I and II follow

1. Statements: Some rooms are stones. All stones are radios.
Conclusions: I. Some rooms are radios.
II. Some rooms are not radios. 
Sol: 

Depicting the first statement        Incorporating the second statemen
Only conclusion I is valid. Conclusion II is incorrect because of the possibility where the set of ‘rooms’ can be a subset of the set of ‘radios’ (second illustration).
Ans: a 

2. Statements: Some gowns are shirts. Some shirts are trousers.
Conclusions: I. Some gowns are trousers.
II. Some trousers are shirts.
Sol: G = Gowns, S = Shirts, T = Trousers

Only conclusion II is valid. Conclusion I cannot be definitely concluded because there might be no interaction between the set of ‘gowns’ and ‘trousers’ (T1).
Ans: b 

3. Statements: Some books are cups. Some cups are boxes.
Conclusions: I. Some books are boxes.
II. All boxes are books.

4. Statements: Some frogs are croaks. All frogs are big.
Conclusions: I. Frogs, which are not croaks, are big.
II. All Frogs, which are big, are not croaks.
Sol: Depicting the         Incorporating the second statement

Conclusion I is false because as per statement I, all frogs are big and not only the set which are ‘not croaks’. According to set B3, all frogs are big and some of them are croaks. So, conclusion II is also false.
Ans: c 

5. Statements: All trucks are flies. Some scooters are flies.
Conclusions: I. All trucks are scooters.
II. Some scooters are not flies. 

According to set S1, no truck is a scooter. Hence, conclusion I is not true. Conclusion II is invalid because the set of ‘flies’ can be a subset of the set of ‘scooters’ (S3). Hence, neither of the conclusion follows.
Ans: c 

6. Statements: All businessmen are hardworking men. No hardworking men are superstitious.
Conclusions: I. No businessmen are superstitious.
II. Some superstitious are not businessmen.
Sol: BM = Businessmen, S = Superstitious, HM = Hardworking Men

‘Businessmen’ and ‘Superstitious’ are disjoint sets. If ‘no superstitious are businessmen’, then ‘superstitions are not businessmen’ is also true. Both I and II follow. Hence, option (d) is correct.
Ans: d

7. Statements: All educated people are newspapers. Avi is not a newspaper.
Conclusions: I. Avi is not an educated person.
II. No newspapers are educated people.
Sol: EP = Educated People

Conclusion I follows but conclusion II does not follow. Hence, option 'a' is correct.
Ans: a 

8. Statements: All poets are authors. All singers are authors.
Conclusions: I. All singers are poets.
II. Some authors are not singers.
Sol:

None of the conclusions follow. Conclusion I is incorrect because the set of ‘poets’ and ‘singers’ could be disjoint sets (S1). Conclusion II does not follow because there is a possibility that the set of ‘authors’ and the set of ‘singers’ overlap.
Ans: c

9. Statements: Some spoons are small. All smalls are big.
Conclusions: I. All bigs are small.
II. All smalls are spoons.
Sol:  Depicting the first statement       Incorporating the second statement

10. Statements: All emeralds are diamonds. Some diamonds are pearls.
Conclusions: I. Some pearls are emeralds.
II. All diamonds are pearls

None of the conclusions follow.
Ans: c 

11. Statements: Some rivers are lakes. All lakes are ponds.
Conclusions: I. All ponds are lakes.
II. Some rivers are ponds. 

Only conclusion II follows. Hence, option 'b' is correct.
Ans: b 

12. Statements: Some flies are ants. All insects are ants.
Conclusions: I. All ants are flies.
II. Some ants are insects. 

Only conclusion II is true. Hence, option 'b' is correct.
Ans: b 

13. Statements: All planets are moons. All moons are suns.
Conclusions: I. All moons are planets.
II. All planets are suns. 

Only conclusion II follows. Hence, option 'b' is correct.
Ans: b 

14. Statements: All monkeys are dogs. All dogs are cats.
Conclusions: I. All monkeys are cats.
II. All cats are monkeys. 
Sol:  Depicting the           Incorporating the second statement
     first statement 

Only conclusion I is true. Hence, option 'a' is correct.
Ans: a 

15. Statements: All tubes are handles. All cups are handles.
Conclusions: I. All cups are tubes.
II. Some handles are not cups. 

Conclusion I does not follow as sets in C1 and C2 are not subsets of the set, ‘tubes’. Conclusion II is incorrect because the set of ‘cups’ and the set of ‘handles’ may overlap. Hence, option 'c' is correct.
Ans: c 

16. Statements: All books are cakes. All lamps are cakes.
Conclusions: I. Some lamps are books.
II. No lamp is book. 

Set L1 shows that conclusion I can be false and sets L2 and L3 show that conclusion II may be false. Hence, neither conclusion I nor II is correct.
Ans: c 

17. Statements: All flowers are stems. All stems are roots.
Conclusions: I. All roots are flowers.
II. All stems are flowers. 

Neither conclusion I nor II follows.
Ans: c 

18. Statements: Some rats are rabbits. All rats are mosquitoes.
Conclusions: I. Some mosquitoes are rabbits.
II. No rabbit is a mosquito.
Sol: R = Rats, Rb = Rabbits, M = Mosquito

Only conclusion I follows. Hence, option 'a' is correct.
Ans: a

PERCENTAGE

        A fraction with denominator 100 is called percentage. Numerator of that fraction is called rate percent.
The term percent means per every 100.
50 percent means 50 out of 100.
The symbol  % is used to denote percent. Ex: 20%, 35%, 80% etc.
Percent to fraction: To convert percent into fraction, divide the percent by 100.
                                   
Fraction to percent: To convert fraction into percent, multiply the fraction by 100.
                    

              Increment percent = 
       Ex: increment % in 5 and 8  is  3/5  × 100 = 60%.
             Decrement percent  =  
Ex. Decrement % in 5 and 8 is 5/8  × 100 = 37.5%. 
Some important percent /fractions.


 Following rules should be kept in mind for solving the questions on percentage —
1. For converting a given percentage into a fraction, divided it by 100 or multiply by  
2. For converting a given fraction into a percentage multiply it by 100.
3. For converting one given quantity, say, x as a percentage of another given quantity, say, y find 
   Note - percentage is never expressed in any unit like rupees or kilos.
4. When there are two articles ‘a’ and ‘b’ in a group and in the ratio of a : b then to express any one article as a percentage of the group, divide the article by the total articles of the group and multiplies the whole by 100.
           Percentage of ‘a’ = 
             And, Percentage of ‘b’ = 

 

EXAMPLES
 

Example 4. How many percent is 15 cm of 1 metre?

  Note: Both quantities are converted into same unit.
 

Example 5.  A person spent 85% of his monthly income and thereafter saves Rs.360 per month. Find out his total income.
Sol: Suppose his monthly income is Rs. 100
             Expenditure = 85% = Rs. 85
             Saving = Rs. 100 – 85 = Rs. 15
       ∴  If saving is Rs. 15 income is Rs. 100
       ∴  If saving is Rs. 360 income is  
                                                                  = Rs. 2400
Example 6. If a student gets 38 marks out of 50, what is the percentage of his obtained marks?
Sol:  Percentage of obtained marks  
                                                                = 76%

 

Example 7.  If two numbers are respectively 30% and 40% more then a third number, what percentage is the first of the second?
Sol: Let the third number be 100
         ∴ First number  = 100 + 30% of 100
                                       = 130
 and Second number   = 100 + 40% of 100
                                       = 140
 ∴ Percentage of the first number to the second number to the second number 
            

Example 8. A student scores 20% marks and fails by 30 marks while another student who scores 32% marks, gets 42 marks more than the minimum required pass marks. What are the maximum marks for the examination?
Sol:   32% - 20% = 12%
      And 42–(-30) = 72
      ∴ 12% marks = 72          
   ∴ 100% marks = 

 

Example 9.  An engineering student has to secure 50% marks to pas. He gets 163 marks and fails by 37 marks. Find the maximum marks
Sol: Minimum marks required = 163 + 37  = 200
         If 50 are the minimum marks then maximum marks  = 100
  ∴  200 are the minimum marks then maximum marks = 


 

CONVERSION

Percent to Fraction: To convert percent into fraction, divide the percent by 100.

 

 Fraction to percent: To convert fraction into percent, multiply the fraction by 100.

 

Ex: A man’s salary increased from Rs.15,000 to Rs.18,000. What is the increment percent?

When two variables are inversely proportional, If one is ‘x’ percent more/ less than the second one then the second one will be

Note: If first one is more use ‘+’ sign and if it is less use ‘−’ sign

Ex: Petrol rates are increased by 25% . How much percent a consumer has to reduce his consumption to maintain the same expenditure on petrol?


Model Questions
1. The difference between 91% of a number and 46% of the same number is 315. What is 37% of that number?
A) 333        B) 185        C) 259        D) 270

2. If the difference between 62% and 80% of a number is 198. Then the difference between 92% and 56% of the number will be... (SSC - CGL - 2019)
A) 396       B) 3564       C) 1100       D) 360

3. 32% of a number exceeds 17% of the same number by 120. What is the value of the number?   (SSC - CGL - 2017)
A) 600       B) 800        C) 500        D) 1200

4. A number was reduced from 5482 to 4385.6. What is the percentage decrement?
A) 15%       B) 25%       C) 18%       D) 20%

5. The number of students in a class is increased by 20% and the number now becomes 66. Initially the number was (SSC - CGL - 2016)
A) 45        B) 50           C) 55            D) 60


6. If the price of an article is reduced by 20%, the number of articles sold is increased by 30%. What will be the effect on the revenue?
A) 4%           B) 10%        C) 6%             D) 15%

7. If the length of a rectangle is increased by 40% and the breadth is decreased by 20% then the area of rectangle is increased by x%. Find the value of x? (SSC - CGL - 2019)
A) 8%        B)12%        C) 15%          D) 9%

8. If the price of sugar increases by 25%, b what percentage should a family reduce its consumption so that there is no change in the expenditure on sugar?

9. If the salary of Manoj is 40% less than that of Subhash, then by how much percentage is the salary of Subhash more than that of Manoj?  (SSC - CGL - 2016)

10. If 120 is reduced by x%, the same result will be obtained if 40 is increased by x%. Then x% of 210 will be what percentage less than (x + 20)% of 180?   (SSC - CGL - 2018)

11. The present population of a town is 26,010. It increases annually at the rate of 2%. What is the population of the town 2 years ago?    (SSC - CGL - 2017)
A) 24500    B) 25000    C) 26000    D) 19500


12. Population of a town is 12,420. If it increases 15% in the first year and decreases 10% in the second year. What was the population of the town two years ago?
A) 12000     B) 12800     C) 11600     D) 13100


13. The income of A is 60% less than that of B and the expenditure of A is equal to 60% of B’s expenditure. If A’s income is equal to 70% of B’s expenditure, then what is the ratio of the savings of A and B? (SSC - CGL - 2019)
A) 2 : 15      B) 5 : 7      C) 1 : 2      D) 12 : 19

14. Raju's income is 20% more than his expenditure. If his income increases by 60% and his expenditure increase by 70%, then what percentage of the savings will increase/ decrease? (SSC - CGL - 2018)
A) will decrease 2%    B) will decrease 10% C) will increase 10%   D) will increase 2%

15. Six − eleventh of a number is equal to twenty two percent of the second number. The second number is equal to one-fourth of the third number. The value of the third number is 2400. What is 45% of the first number?
A) 109.8     B) 111.7     C) 108.9     D) 123.4

 

Explanations
1.
Difference between 91% and 46% is 45%. If 45% value is 315, then 37% value is

 

2. Difference between 62% and 80% is 18%. Difference between 92% and 56% is 36%. If 18% value is 198, then 36% value is
36/18 × 198 = 396


3. Difference between 32% and 17% is 15%. If 15% value is 120, then 100% value is

 

6. Let the price of article be Rs.10 and number of articles sold is 10 then the revenue is 
10 × 10 = Rs.100 New price is 80% of 10 = Rs.8 and the articles sold is 13 (30% increased)
New revenue is Rs.8 × 13 = Rs.104
∴ 4% increment in the revenue
Shortcut: For 2 successive changes use the formula

(use + sign for increment and − sign for decrement)

(Use + sign if the 1st variable increases and − sign if it decreases)
Required percentage reduction is

Required percentage increment is

= 12420
⇒ x = 12000

13. Let the Expenditure of B be Rs.100
Savings = Income - Expenditure

Savings ratio = 10 : 75 = 2 : 15

14. Let the Expenditure of B be Rs.100
Income will be Rs.120
Savings = Income − Expenditure

 

Key: 1-C; 2-A; 3-B; 4-D; 5-C; 6-A; 7-B; 8-C; 9-C;  10-B; 11-B; 12-A; 13-A; 14-C; 15-C.

RECRUITMENT OF SPECIALIST OFFICERS IN PARTICIPATING ORGANISATIONS- (CRP SPL-VII)

SIMPLE AND COMPOUND INTEREST 

* Interest is the additional money paid for the usage of a certain amount.

      * The amount borrowed is called the principal.
      * The sum of interest and principal is called the amount.

Simple Interest

      If the interest is calculated on same amount of money it is called the simple interest (S.I.).
     Simple Interest will be the same for all the years.
     If P is the principal, R is the rate of interest, T is time and S.I. the simple interest, then
                       
Note: Simple interest is always calculated on principal. Therefore simple interest is equal for every period.
e.g: 1. What would be the simple interest obtained on an a amount of Rs. 6850 at the rate of 6 p.c.p.a. after 3 years?
(A) Rs. 2423     (B) Rs. 1233          (C) Rs. 1633     (D) Rs. 1525    (E) None of these
Sol: Here P = Rs. 6850,     T= 3 years and     R = 6%
           
                 
          Hence answer is (B)

 

2. How long will it take for Rs. 1250 to become Rs. 1600 at 7% per annum simple interest?
       (A) 5 years            (B) 3 years          (C) 4 years         (D) 6 years     (E) None of these
Sol:       

              
             
               Hence Answer is (C)    

 

3. What would be the amount on Rs. 8250 for 4 years at 15% per annum simple interest?
     (A) Rs. 13200    (B) Rs. 12300        (C) Rs. 10450        (D) Rs. 11200   (E) None of these
SOl:    

           
                
Shortcut: for one year, rate of interest is 15% and for 4 years it is 15×4 = 60% The Amount will become 160% If 100% Money = 8250,
           

Compound Interest:
    Interest which is calculated not only on the initial principal but also the accumulated interest of prior periods.
    If A is the amount, C.I. is the compound interest, P is the principal, R is the rate, and T is the time, then 

         
e.g: What is the compound interest accrued on an amount of Rs. 8000, at the rate of 6% p.a. at the end of 2 years?
      (A) Rs.2545      (B) Rs.2,257.20         (C) Rs.2986   (D) Rs.2775.40    (E) None of these
Sol:      

                
               
Shortcut:  Amount = 106% of 106% 8000 =  8988.80
                       ∴  C.I. = 8988.80 - 8000 = Rs. 988.80
Note: 1. If the interest is paid half yearly, time is doubled and the rate is halved.
            2. If the interest is paid quarterly, time becomes 4 times and the rate becomes onefourth
e.g: What is the interest accrued on Rs.12000 for one and half year at 4% p.a. compounded half yearly?

       

Difference between Simple and Compound Interest

     Difference between Simple Interest and Compound Interest can be calculated by using
formulae.
     There is no difference between Simple and Compound Interest for one year. For 2 years

        

          


e.g: 1. What is the difference between Simple and Compound Interest for two years
on Rs. 24000 at 7% rate?
Sol:     
                
                   = Rs. 117.60


2. On what sum does the difference between Simple and Compound Interest for 3 years at 5% rate will be Rs. 244?
Sol:  

     
Some other Models of Questions:
1. A sum of money will become Rs. 8060 in 4 years at 6% per annum simple interest. Find the sum.
Sol:   

     
           
Shortcut: For one year, rate of interest is 6% and for 4 years it is 4 × 6% = 24% Then the amount will become 124% If 124% money is Rs. 8060, 100% money will be  × 8060 = Rs. 6500

2. Find the simple interest on Rs. 17500 at 7% per annum from August 5th to October 17th in the same year.
Sol: Time from August 5th to October 17th 
                                        =  26 days of August + 30 days of September and 17 days of October
                                

3. A sum was put at simple interest at a certain rate for 2 years. Had it been put at 3% higher rate, it would have fetched Rs. 72 more. What is that sum?
Sol: Interest for 2 years is Rs. 72. For one year it is Rs. 36
3% interest money is Rs. 72, then 100% money  × 36 = Rs. 1200
                                                    ∴ Sum is Rs. 1200

 

4. A certain sum of money invested at compound interest doubles in 3 years. In how many years will it become 6 times itself?
Sol: Let the money be Rs. x It becomes Rs. 2x in 3 years As this is compound interest, 2x will be the principal for next period. Therefore, 2x will become 4x in next 3 years hence Rs. x will become 4x
       i.e. 4 times in 3 + 3 = 6 years

 

5. A man deposits Rs. 12600 in a bank at 5% annual interest. After 8 months he withdraws Rs. 5400 together with interest and after 4 months the remaining money. How much does he get as interest at the end of the year?
Sol: S.I. of Rs. 12600 for 8 months
                       
He withdrew Rs. 5400 together with interest, the remaining amount
                        = 12600 - 5400 = Rs. 7200   
S.I. on Rs. 7200 at the rate of 5% for 4 months 
                                
            Total interest = 420 + 120 = Rs. 540

Mensuration

       Mensuration means measurement. It is being done in our life in many situations. For example, Length of cloth we need for stitching, the area of a wall which is being painted, perimeter of a rectangular plot to be fenced, quantity of water needed to fill the tank etc. For these kinds of activities, we are doing measurements for further needs.
Here, we cover three areas
1. Perimeter 2. Area 3. Volume
        To find these things we have to remember the formulae of plane figures and solid figures. Try to understand the concept behind reaching the formula.

 

 

1. The area of a rectangular plate is 231.25 sq.cm. If the length of the plate is 18.5 cm, find the perimeter of the plate.
Sol: Width of the field 
Perimeter = 2(length + width)
                  ⇒ 2 (18.5 + 12.5) = 62 cm

 

2. How many tiles of 20 cm length and 10 cm width are required to pave the floor of a room 8 m long and 5 m wide?
Sol: Area of the floor of the room = 800 × 500
                                                          = 400000 cm2
Area of theTile = 20 × 10 cm2


Number of Tiles required  


 

3. A square field has an area of 50625 sq. m. Find the cost of fencing around it at Rs.15 per meter.


Sol: Side of the square field = 
 

Length of the wire required = 4 × 225 = 900 m
Total cost = Rs.15 × 900 = Rs.13500

 

 

4. A horse is tied with a 14 m long rope. How much ground will it be able to graze?
Sol: Length of the rope will be the radius of the
circle = 14 m
Area of the cicrle = π r2 


                          
 

... Area of the ground that can be grazed = 616 sq.m


 

5. Find the length of the longest stick that can be placed in a room of 12 m long, 9 m broad and 8 m high.
Sol: Length of the stick = length of the diagonal of the room

 

 


6. A rectangular field of 60 meter length and 40 meters wide is to be surrounded by a road 5 meter wide. If the cost of making 1 square meter road is Rs.500, what would be the cost of the entire road?
Sol: Area of the road = Area of outside rectangle − Area of inside rectangle
                                     = 70 × 50 − 60 × 40
                                     = 3500 − 2400 = 1100 m2
... The cost of making 1100 m2 = 500 × 1100
                                                       = Rs.550000

 

7. What will be the area of a triangle with base 10.2 cm and height 3.5 cm?
Sol: Area of triangle


                       = 

                      
                       

 

8. The breadth of a rectangular plot is 75% of its length. If the perimeter of the plot be 1050 m, what is its area?
A:  67500
Sol:
Let the length of the plot be x m


 

9. A room is 7.5 m long, 5.5 m broad and 5 m high. What will be the expenditure in covering the walls by paper 40 cm broad at the rate of 75 paise per meter?
A:  Rs.243.75
Sol:
Area of four walls = 2 × 5 (7.5 + 5.5)
                                = 130 m2
Area of required paper = 130 m2
Breadth of the paper = 40 cm
                                  = 0.4 m


... Cost of paper at 75 paise per meter  = 325 × 0.75
                                                                    = Rs.243.75

 

10. Two cubes have their volumes in the ratio 8 : 27. Find the ratio of their surface areas.
A:  4 : 9
Sol:
a13 : a23 = 8 : 27  a1: a2 = 2 : 3
... Surface areas ratio = 6a12 : 6a22  = (2)2 : (3)2 = 4 : 9

 

11. The length and breadth of a rectangle increased by 20% and 10% respectively. How much percent will its area be increased?
A:  32%
Sol:
Let the length and breadth be10 and 10
Area = 10 × 10 =100
New length = 12 (20% increase)
New breadth = 11(10% increase)
New area = 12 × 11= 132
... Increment in area =132 − 100 = 32%

 

12. 7 cm radius and 28 cm height solid metallic cylinder is melted and recast into small spherical balls of 7 cm radius. Find the number of cubes that can be made.
A:  3
Sol:
Let the number of spherical balls be 'x'
Volume of cylinder = x × Volume of sphere


Time and Distance

The relation among distance, time and speed is

                              Distance   =   Speed x Time.
                                     
       If a car covers 50 kilometres in each hour then the speed of the car is 50Kmph.

       If a man travels 10 metres in one second’s time the the speed of the man is 10 mps.
Convertion of speeds:         KMPH to MPS


MPS to KMPH
                                 
     When a certain distance is traveled with a speed of x kmph and another equal distance is traveled at y kmph, then the average speed = 2xy/x+y

 

TRAINS
         If a train has to cross a pole or a man or any particular point  then it has to cover a distance equal to its own length.
         If a train has to cross a platform or bridge or tunnel etc. then it has to cover a length equal to its length + platform/bridge/tunnel length.

 

Relative speed
        When two speeds are in opposite direction,
         Relative speed = sum of the speeds.
        When two speeds are in the same direction,
        Relative speed = difference of the speeds.

 

BOATS AND STREAMS
Still water: water without motion. A boat can travel or a man can swim in that water with their original speeds.
Stream / current : water flow with some speed.
Down stream: along with the flow.
Upstream: against the water flow
        If the speed of the boat in still water is b kmph and speed of the current is c kmph respectively, then 

                            Downrate ( x )  =   b + c 

                            Uprate ( y )       =  b – c

           
 

Average speed
      If a moving object travels from A to B at the speed of x km/hr, and from B to A at the speed of y km/hr, then
             
Example 1:  A train 100 metre long is running at the speed of 21 km/hr and another train 150 meter long is running at the speed of 36 km/hr in the same direction. How long will the faster train take to pass the first train?
Solution:  Sum of the length of both the train =  x1 + x2 = 100 + 150        = 250 m
                                 Difference of their speeds =  y1 - y2   =  21 - 36

                                                                          = 15 km/hr

                                           
 

Question with office concern
Example 1:  A person walking at x km/hr reaches his office t1 minutes late. If he walks at y km/hr, he reaches there t2 minutes earlier, then

 

Example 5:  A man covers a distance of 160 km at 64 km/hr and next 160 km at 80 km/hr. what is his average speed for his whole journey of 320 km?

 

Example 6: What will be the length of the train P when it is running at 60 km/hr and crosses another train Q running in opposite direction, in 18 seconds? In order to answer this question which of the statements (a) and (b) is/are sufficient?
              (a) Length of the train Q is 80 meter
              (b)  Speed of the train Q is 90 km/hr
Solution: Both statements (a) and (b) together are necessary
                  '.'  The trains are running in opposite directions
 

Example 7:  A boat takes 3 hours to go from P to Q downstream and from Q to P up stream. What is the speed of the boat in still water? to know the answer of this  question, the knowledge of which of the statements (a) and (b) is/are sufficient?
The distance between P and Q is 6 km.
The speed of the river is 2 km/hr.
Solution: Both statements (a) and (b) together are necessary to the question.
                  Let the speed of the boat in still water be x km/hr.
            .'.   Speed of the boat down stream = (x + 2) km/hr
       And            Speed of the boat upstream =  (x -2) km/hr
                                   
                                                     Now x can be calculated.

Kisan Rath.. Farm to Mandi

Emergency Response and Health System Preparedness Package

    The Government of India announced significant investments to the tune of Rs.15,000 crores for 'India COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health System Preparedness Package' on 9 April 2020. The funds           sanctioned will be utilized for immediate COVID-19 Emergency Response (amount of Rs.7774 crores) and rest for medium-term support (1-4 years) to be provided under mission mode approach.    
    The key objectives of the package include mounting emergency response to slow and limit COVID-19 in India through the development of diagnostics and COVID-19 dedicated treatment facilities, centralized procurement of essential medical equipment and drugs required for treatment of infected patients, strengthen and build resilient National and State health systems etc. 

iGot

    The government of India launched a training module for management of COVID-19 named ‘Integrated Govt. Online training’ (iGOT) portal on Ministry of HRD’s DIKSHA platform for the capacity building of frontline workers to handle the pandemic efficiently. Courses on iGOT have been launched for Doctors, Nurses, Paramedics, Hygiene Workers, Technicians, Auxiliary Nursing Midwives (ANMs), State Government Officers, Civil Defence Officers and other volunteers.
    ‘Digital Infrastructure Knowledge Sharing’ (DIKSHA) platform is well equipped to cater to unlimited demands of learning, anytime, anywhere.  Multiple states in the country besides NCERT & CBSE will be using DIKSHA for online teacher training, conducting quizzes, and doing learning activities to promote creative & critical thinking, as well as for ensuring continuity in curriculum linked education for students in these times.

National lockdown extended

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced the extension of a nationwide lockdown till 3 May 2020, to arrest the spread of Covid-19 as the number of novel coronavirus cases were increasing day by day Lockdown 2.0 came into force from 14 April till 3 May 2020. However, the PM said there could be some relaxations in places where there is no hotspot after 20 April. The relaxations include allowing Agriculture activities, Pharma Manufacturing industries in village areas, call centres for govt activities etc.  PM also made a  seven-point appeal in his address and sought people's support.

Pool Testing of COVID-19

    He also said India received huge benefits from the 21-day lockdown in checking the pandemic and added that the country has dealt with the situation better with limited resources. Pool Testing of COVID-19 Uttar Pradesh government decided to start pool testing of the coronavirus samples. The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) gave permission for pool testing to the state in order to help maximise the testing of samples on a daily basis. During pool testing, if 10 samples are mixed and tested for Covid-19 and if they test negative, then it will be an indicator that all samples are negative. But if the test is not negative, then           individual testing will be done. This will increase the testing capacity as well as accelerate the process. 

COVSACK

    To intensify fight against Covid 19, Defence Research & Development Laboratory (DRDL) Hyderabad  developed ‘COVID-19 Sample Collection Kiosk’ (COVSACK) The COVSACK is a kiosk through which healthcare workers can take coronavirus samples from suspected infected patients. 
    The patient walks into the kiosk and a nasal/oral swab is taken by healthcare professional from outside through the built-in gloves.  The kiosk is automatically disinfected without the need for human involvement, making the process free of infection spread.
The shielding screen of the kiosk cabin protects the healthcare worker from the aerosols/droplet transmission while taking the sample.

ZERO-COV

    NIT-K (National Institute of Technology - Karnataka) researchers developed a technique named ‘ZERO-COV’ to disinfect personal protective equipment (PPE) kits, surgical masks, vegetables, packaged food items, currency notes and other day-to-day items. 
    By placing these items in the disinfection chamber for 15 minutes, one can ensure destruction or inactivation of bacteria and viruses by 99.9 per cent. Quoting Isloor, it said the technology used is UV-C (ultra violet C type) radiation. It can destroy the nucleic acids of any germs present on the surfaces. 
    UV technology is well proven and accepted by the scientific community and the World Health Organization recommended it for surface disinfection.

SGB Scheme 2020-21

    The Government of India in consultation with the Reserve Bank of India decided to issue Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGB).
    The Sovereign Gold Bonds will be issued in six tranches from April 2020 to September 2020. The Bonds will be sold through Scheduled Commercial banks (except Small Finance Banks and Payment Banks), Stock Holding Corporation of India Limited (SHCIL), designated post offices, and recognized stock exchanges.
    The investors will be compensated at a fixed rate of 2.50 per cent per annum payable semi-annually on the nominal value. Minimum permissible investment will be 1 gram of gold and the Bonds will be                denominated in multiples of gram(s) of gold with a basic unit of 1 gram. 
    The tenor of the Bond will be for a period of 8 years with exit option after 5th year to be exercised on the interest payment dates. 
    The maximum limit of subscription shall be 4 Kg for individual, 4 Kg for HUF and 20 Kg for trusts and similar entities per fiscal (April-March) notified by the Government from time to time. The issue price of the Gold Bonds will be Rs.50 per gram less for those who subscribe online and pay through digital mode.

Bharat Padhe Online 

    On 10 April 2020, the Union Minister for Human Resources Development (HRD) Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’  launched a week long ‘Bharat Padhe Online’ campaign for Crowd sourcing of Ideas for Improving Online Education ecosystem of India at New Delhi. 
    The campaign is gaining popularity among social media users and the HRD Ministry has received more than 3700 suggestions for ‘Bharat Padhe Online’ campaign in just 3 days on Twitter and e-mail. People are appreciating this initiative and also thanking the Ministry for promoting the online education system. The campaign aims to invite all the best brains in India to share suggestions/solutions directly with HRD Ministry to overcome constraints of online education while promoting the available digital education platforms.

Food Transportation Mobile App

    On 17 April 2020, the Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar launched Kisan Rath Mobile App to facilitate transportation of food grains and perishables during lockdown. 
    Developed by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) will greatly facilitate farmers, Farmer Producer Organisation (FPO) and Cooperatives in the country to have the choice to find a suitable transport facility to transfer their agriculture produce from farm gate to markets.
    Transportation will become easier with this app as it will help farmers and traders for transporting produce from farm gate to mandi and mandi to mandi all over the country. 
    The App will also facilitate traders in transportation of perishable commodities by Refrigerated vehicles. This Mobile App will be made available in eight languages in Android version initially and is ready for pan-India use.

Dekho Apna Desh 

    The Tourism Ministry on 16 April 2020 organised its second webinar under Dekho Apna Desh  webinar series. 
    It provides people to get a chance to know about Calcutta - A Confluences of Culture. The Webinar on Kolkata also gave an interesting insight into the contribution of various communities in the development of Kolkata. 
    The Ministry is organizing the series with a view to encourage Indians to explore their own country and to enrich the knowledge of stakeholders in the tourism industry, students and general public on various aspect of tourism sector.


Edison Award

    Tata Power was conferred with the Edison Award under social innovation category and social energy solutions sub-category for its 'Club Enerji #Switchoff2SwitchOn' campaign. The Edison Awards, named after Thomas Alva Edison recognizes and honours the world's best innovations and innovators.
    Tata Power’s Club Enerji, a 12-year old sustainability initiative targeting school children, emerged as a successful model year ahead of it becoming a global movement. 
    This sustainability initiative has brought in 533  participating schools across India that has saved 29.8 million units of power since it started in 2007.
    Tata Power has a presence across the entire power value chain generation of renewable as well as conventional power including hydro and thermal energy, transmission and distribution, trading and coal and freight logistics.


Model Questions

1.     Who is the present Director General of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)?
       1) Dr. Harsha vardhan            2) Dr. Sowmya Swaminathan 
       3) Dr. Balram Bhargava       4) Dr. Prabhakar Reddy  
       5) Dr. Ashok Seth
2.     Pramod Sawant is the chief minister of which state declared to treat COVID-19 positive patients with Allopathy and Ayurveda to boost their immunity?

    1) Goa            2) Pondicherry         
    3) Maharashtra          4) Madhya Pradesh           
     5) Uttarakhand
3.     Gita Gopinath is the chief economist of..

    1) World Bank          2) International Monetary Fund    
    3) Asian Development Bank     4) AIIB               
    5) NDB
4.     First Railway station in India to install a ‘Walk Through Mass Sanitizing Tunnel’ is..

    1) Ahmadabad        2) Hyderabad          3) Pune      4) Kolkata           
    5) Chennai
5.     National Safe Motherhood Day observed on..

    1) 5 April       2) 14 April            3) 17 April     4) 11 April      
    5) 1 April
6.     Asian Development Bank (ADB) assured…… support to India in its fight against the Covid-19           pandemic.

    1)  $ 2.2 billion       2) $ 1.2 billion     3) $ 3.2 billion        4) $ 4.2 billion  
    5) $ 6.2 billion
7.     The International Monetary Fund (IMF) cut its projection of India’s economic growth to ......... per cent for the current financial year 2020-2021

    1) 1.4 %                 2) 2.4 %                3) 1.5 %       4) 0.9 %                 
    5) 1.9 %
8.     Which Nation approved the sale of Harpoon Block II missiles and MK 54 lightweight torpedoes worth $155 million to India?

    1) Israel                    2) UK                    3) USA      4) Russia                 
    5) France
9.     International Day of Human space flight observed on..

    1) 9 April                 2) 7 April       3) 2 April       4) 12 April               
    5) 20 April
10.     Who is the present chairman of National Commission for Women?

    1) Smriti  Irani                2) Harsimrat Kaur Badal  
    3) Rekha Sharma          4) Sumithra Mahajan
    5) Sushri Debasree Chaudhuri

 

KEY: 1-3   2-1   3-2   4-1   5-4  6-1   7-5   8-3   9-4   10-3


Writer: Amara Veeraswamy

19-4-2020

ఐబీపీఎస్‌ ఎస్‌ఓ హెచ్ఆర్ మోడల్ పేపర్ - 2

* IBPS SO CWE (11-03-2012)

NUMBER SERIES


Number series tests present numerical sequences that follow a logical rule which is based on elementary arithmetic. An initial sequence is given from which the rule is to be deduced. You are then asked to predict the next number or missing number that obeys the rule. Some times you need to find out the wrong number in that series which doesn't follow that rule. To find the rule the following tips will be helpful.
1. Try to identify numbers
They may be even numbers, odd numbers, prime numbers, squares, cubes etc or some times they may be more / less than them
Ex: 26, 37, 50, 65, 82, ..........
Here the numbers in the series are 52 + 1, 62 + 1, 72 + 1, 82 + 1 and 92 + 1. The next number will be 102 + 1 = 101

 

2. Examine the difference between adjacent numbers.
The difference between two consecutive numbers may be constant, continuously increasing / decreasing, prime numbers, squares, or cubes etc
Ex: 8, 13, 18, 23, 28, ...........
Here difference between the adjacent numbers is 5. The next number is 28 + 5 = 33
Ex: 25, 30, 37, 48, 61, ...........
Here the differences between the adjacent numbers are 5, 7, 11, and 13 which are prime numbers. The next number will be 61 + 17 = 78

 

3. Observe whether there is a multiplication or division pattern between two adjacent numbers.
Ex: 8, 16, 48, 192, 960, .............
Here the relation between the adjacent numbers is × 2, × 3, × 4 and × 5. The next number will be 960 × 6 = 5760

 

4. See if you can find a rule that involves using two or more basic arithmetic functions (+, −, ÷, ×). In the below series, the functions alternate in an orderly fashion.
Ex: 5, 7, 21, 23, 69, 71, ..............
Here the relation between the adjacent numbers is + 2, × 3, + 2, × 3 and + 2. The next number will be 71 × 3 = 213

 

5. Alternate Series
Some times two number series are given in a single sequence. In odd places one series and even places another series.
Ex: 7, 5, 9, 15, 12, 45, 16, 135, ..........
Here, Odd places numbers are 7, 9, 12, 16, .....
Differences between the numbers are 2, 3, and 4.
The next number will be 16 + 5 = 21
Even places numbers are 5, 15, 45, and 135
The relation between the numbers is × 3.

PUZZLE TEST

SOLVED EXAMPLES

Directions (Q. 1-5) : Study the given information carefully and answer the question that follows :
     Arvind, Bhaskar, Ravi, Sachin, Tarun, Manoj, Ramesh, Neeraj are eight friends, each of them wears a different colour of shirt viz; Red, Blue, Black, Purple, Pink, White, Brown and Yellow, but not necessarily in same order. All of them are seated around a circular table facing outside the centre. Arvind, who wears black shirt, sits third to the left of Tarun. The one who wears brown shirt, sits second to the right of Sachin. Sachin, who wear pink shirt, sits second to the right of Bhaskar, who is not immediate neighbour of Tarun. Ravi, who wears blue shirt, sits between the person who wears white and Brown shirts. Ramesh wears yellow and sits second to the left of Neeraj, who wears Red shirt.
 

1. Who among the following pairs represent immediate neighbours of the person wearing pink shirt ?
     (1) Neeraj and Sachin      (2) Arvind and Manoj 
     (3) Manoj and Neeraj      (4) Arvind and Neeraj       (5) None of these
Ans: 4(Arvind and Neeraj)

 

2. What is the position of Bhaskar with respect to the person wearing white shirt ?
Ans: Second to the right

 

3. How many persons are sitting between Arvind and the one who wears purple shirt, if counted clockwise?
Ans: Four

 

4. Which of the following shirt does Manoj wears ? 
     (1) Blue      (2) Brown       (3) White      (4) Red       (5) None of these
Ans: 2(Brown)

 

5. The one who sits between the person wears yellow and Red shirts ?
Ans: Bhaskar

 

Solution(1-5):

 Directions (Q. 6-9) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
     P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W are sitting around a circular table facing the centre. Each has different professions – CA, CS, ICWA, FCA, Lawyer, IAS, Computer Engineer and Pilot – but not necessarily in the same order.
     Q sits second to the left of W’s husband, who is neither an FCA nor a Computer Engineer. No female is an immediate neighbour of Q. S’s daughter sits second to the right of U and on the immediate left of ICWA. U, who is sister of V, is a Computer Engineer. U is not an immediate neighbour of W’s husband. S’s daughter is a CA. Only one person is sitting between P and U. W’s brother S sits on the immediate left of his mother, who is an IAS. P is the father of V. Only one person sits between W’s mother and T. T sits on the immediate right of the person who is a CS. Only one person sits between W and V. V sits second to the right of the person who is a pilot. V is mother of R and not an immediate neighbour of T.

 

6. Who amongst the following is S’s daughter?
      (1) Q       (2) R       (3) T       (4) V       (5) W
Ans: 3(T)

 

7. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given information and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group? 
      (1) U       (2) R       (3) T       (4) W       (5) V
Ans: 2(R)

 

8. The person who is a Lawyer is sitting between which of the following persons? 
      (1) CA and FCA          (2) IAS and CA 
      (3) CS and ICWA       (4) Can’t be determined       (5) None of these
Ans: 5(None of these)

 

9. Who among the following is a Pilot? 
      (1) Can’t be determined       (2) Mother of R       (3) R       (4) P       (5) None of these
Ans: 3(R)

 

Solution(6-9):
     

EXERCISE

Directions (Q. 1-5) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below it.:
      Eight students P, Q, R, S, T, U, V and W are sitting around a circular table facing the centre but not necessarily in the same order. Each of them belongs to different states of India viz— Bihar, UP, MP, Rajasthan, Kerala, Delhi, Haryana and Punjab. There are two persons between those who belong to UP and Bihar and neither of them sits opposite P. R and V are immediate neighbours and neither of them belongs to Punjab or Bihar. P who belongs to Haryana sits second to the right of the one who belongs to Punjab. Q and T neither belongs to Punjab nor sit adjacent to P. T belongs to Bihar and sits second to the left of V who belongs to Rajasthan. R does not belong to UP. The immediate neighbour of T faces R who sits third to the left of the one who belongs to Haryana. U does not belongs to Punjab. Both S and W do not belong to UP or MP. Q belongs to Delhi while S belongs to Kerala. Q is not an immediate neighbour of P.
 

1. UP is related to Delhi in a certain way and Bihar is related to Punjab in the same way. Which of the following is related to MP following the same pattern?
  (1) Rajasthan   (2) Haryana    (3) Kerala   (4) Can’t be determined    (5) None of the above
Ans: 3(Kerala)

 

2. Who among the following belongs to Punjab?
    (1) U     (2) W  (3) T     (4) Can’t be determined      (5) None of the above
Ans: 2(W)

 

3. Who among the following sits third to the right of U? 
    (1) T     (2) V     (3) R     (4) Q      (5) None of the above
Ans: 1(T)

 

4. Which of the following statements is/are true about T? 
    (1) T is sitting opposite to W.      (2) T belongs to Punjab. 
    (3) T is not an immediate neighbour of Q. 
    (4) All are true      (5) None of the above
Ans: 1(T is sitting opposite to W.)

 

5. Which of the following statements is/are true?
(1) R is an immediate neighbour W and U.
(2) The person who belongs to Haryana sits opposite V.
(3) W belongs to Punjab and sits on the immediate right of Q.
(4) The person who belongs to Haryana sits opposite V and W belongs to Punjab and sits on the immediate right of Q.
(5) None is true
Ans: 2(The person who belongs to Haryana sits opposite V.)

Solution(1-5):

 

Directions (Q. 6-12) : Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions
    A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H are sitting around a circle facing the centre but not necessarily in the same order. B sits second to the left of H’s husband. No female is an immediate neighbour of B. D’s daughter sits second to the right of F. F is the sister of G. F is not an immediate neighbour of H’s husband. Only one person sits between A and F. A is father of G. H’s brother D sits on the immediate left of H’s mother. Only one person sits between H’s mother and E. Only one person sits between H and G. G is the mother of C. G is not an immediate neighbour of E.
 

6. What is the position of A with respect to his mother-in-law?
Ans: Second to the right

 

7. Who amongst the following is D’s daughter?
       (1) B        (2) C        (3) E        (4) G        (5) H
Ans: 3(E)

 

8. What is the position of A with respect to his grandchild?
Ans: Immediate right

 

9. How many people sit between G and her uncle?
Ans: Three

 

10. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way based on the given information and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group? 
       (1) F        (2) C        (3) E        (4) H        (5) G
Ans: 2(C)

 

11. Which of the following is true with respect to the given seating arrangement? 
       (1) C is cousin of E. 
       (2) H and H’s husband are immediate neighbours of each other. 
       (3) No female is an immediate neighbour of C. 
       (4) H sits third to the left of her daughter. 
       (5) B is mother of H.
Ans: 5(B is mother of H.)

 

12. Who sits on the immediate left of C?
Ans: F’s grandmother

 

Solution(6-12):
 

Directions (Q. 13-18) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.
     There are eight persons P, Q, R, S, T, V, W and Z are sitting around the square table. Those four persons who sit at the four corners are facing towards centre and rest are facing away from the centre and sitting exactly at the middle of four sides. They are related to different professions viz. Doctor, Politician, Actor, Teacher, Pilot, Writer, Artist and Engineer but not necessarily in the same order. P is second to the left of Pilot. There are three persons between Teacher and W. Actor is facing away from the centre. Q is between T and W. Z is an Artist. S and Politician are not at the corners of the square. Doctor is an immediate left of Teacher. Pilot and Engineer are facing each other. The one who is an Engineer is third to the right of Artist, who is not facing towards the centre. T is not Teacher but facing away from the centre. Engineer is not the immediate neighbour of Q. V is not a Pilot, but an immediate neighbour of actor. The politician sits second to the left of Z. Q is not an Engineer and second to the left of V. P is a doctor.
 

13. Who among the following is a Politician?
       (1) R        (2) T        (3) W        (4) S        (5) Z
Ans: 3(W)

 

14. Who among the following is exactly between Teacher and Artist? 
       (1) Doctor        (2) Pilot         (3) Politician        (4) Writer         (5) Actor
Ans: 1(Doctor)

 

15. Four of the following are alike in some way, thus form the group find out the odd one? 
       (1) S        (2) Z        (3) W        (4) Q        (5) T
Ans: 4(Q)

 

16. Who among the following is second to the right of an Engineer? 
       (1) S        (2) P        (3) Z        (4) W        (5) T
Ans: 2(P)

 

17. How many persons are there between Artist and Actor?
Ans: Three

 

18. Which of the following does match correctly? 
       (1) S- Writer      (2) Z- Politician       (3) R- Pilot      (4) V- Doctor       (5) All are correct
Ans: 3(R- Pilot)
Solution(13-18):

Directions (Q. 19-24) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.
     There are eight persons J, K, R, S, T, U, V and W are sitting around the circle but not necessarily in the same order. Four of them are facing away from the centre. They have different type of currencies viz; Pound, Dollar, Rupee, Yen, Yuan, Rouble Peso and Rial but not necessarily in the same order. T is exactly between K and U. K does not have Yen or Rial. No two consecutive persons are facing in the same direction. The person who uses currency Rial third to the right of R, whose neighbours are facing away from the centre. The one who uses Rouble is immediate left of one who uses Dollar. S is exactly between J and the one who uses Rial. V is second to the right of T. One who uses Yuan is immediate right of R. The one who uses Rupee is facing away from the centre but not the immediate neighbour of R. J does not use Rupee. W is immediate right of V but not the immediate neighbour of one who uses Rupee. V does not have Dollar as a currency. The one who uses Peso is between the one who uses Rupee and one who uses Rouble.
19. Who among the following uses the currency Pound?
      (1) V       (2) T       (3) S       (4) W        (5) Either T or S
Ans: 5(Either T or S)

 

20. Who is second to the right of one who uses Peso?
Ans: R

 

21. Who is exactly in the middle between J and W?
Ans: R and One who has Dollar

 

22. How many persons are there between K and J?
Ans: Three

 

23. Four of the following five are alike in some way. Find out the odd one. 
      (1) W       (2) T       (3) V       (4) R        (5) S
Ans: 1(W)

 

24. Which of the following match correctly? 
      (1) S- Yuan       (2) W- Peso        (3) V- Rial       (4) K- Pound        (5) R- Dollar
Ans: 5(R- Dollar)
Solution(19-24):
             

Directions (Q. 25-29) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.
      There are eight persons viz. J, K, N, R, S, T, V and W are sitting around a circle but not necessarily in the same order. Three of them not facing towards the centre. They are related to different streams viz. Commerce, Computer, Medicine, Astrology, Economics, Literature, Science and Arts but not necessarily in the same order. The one who is related to Literature is exactly between T and K. R is facing away from the centre but does not related to Computer and Medicine. N is immediate right of V, who is facing towards centre. The one who is related to Computer is not neighbour of K. The one who is related to Astrology is immediate right of N. There are three persons between V and K and one of them is related to Astrology. S is second to the left of R and he is related to Computer. T is immediate neighbour of both N and the one who is related to Literature. The one who is related to Science is facing towards the centre. R is immediate right of one who is related to Economics. The one who is related to Arts is between W and the one who is related to Medicine. J is not related to Literature.
25. Which of the following does match correctly?
     (1) J – Commerce    (2) W – Arts    (3) N – Astrology   (4) K– Science    (5) S – Medicine
Ans: 4(K– Science)

 

26. Who among the following is related to Science? 
     (1) R      (2) J      (3) S      (4) K      (5) T
Ans: 4(K)

 

27. How many persons are there between the Arts and Economics Streams?
Ans: Three

 

28. What is the stream of the person who sits immediate right to W?
Ans: Science

 

29. If R is related to J, V is related to N in some way then T is related to–
Ans: W
Solution(25-29):
                     

Directions (Q. 30-33) : Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.
     Rani, Rita, Renu, Rajesh, Ram, Rohan, Radha and Rohit are sitting around a circular table, facing the centre, but not necessarily in the same order. No two males or two females are immediate neighbours of each other. Rani is wife of Rohit and sits third to the left of Ram. Rohan sits second to the right of Rajesh. Rajesh is not an immediate neighbour of either Rani or Ram. Rohit and Renu are immediate neighbours of each other. Rohan is not immediate neighbour of his wife Rita.
30. Who sits third to the left of Rita?
Ans: Rohit

 

31. Four of the following five pairs are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
     (1) Rohit-Rani    (2) Rohan-Radha     (3) Rajesh-Rita    (4) Renu-Rita    (5) Ram-Renu
Ans: 4(Renu-Rita)

 

32. What is the position of Radha with respect to Ram?
Ans: Third to the right

 

33. Who sits between Renu and Rani?
Ans: Rohit
Solution(30-33):
                              

Directions (Q. 34-38) : Study the following information to answer the given questions.
     M, N, O, P, Q, R, S and T are captains of eight different football teams, England, Brazil, Spain, Holland, Hungary, Germany, Chile and Real Madrid but not necessarily in the same order. All of them are seated around a circular table and are facing the centre. M sits third to the left of the captain of Germany. The captain of Chile, who is not Q, is an immediate neighbour of T. S and T are not immediate neighbours. Only one person sits between T and the captain of Real Madrid. P is neither the captain nor the immediate neighbour of the Brazilian team. Only two people sit between Q and S. Neither Q nor S is an immediate neighbour of M. Neither Q nor S is the captain of Germany. The captain of Spain sits second to the right of P. P is not an immediate neighbour of M. P is not the captain of Germany and M is not the captain of Spain. The captain of England sits third to the left of R. The captains of England and Germany are not immediate neighbours. Only one person sits between P and the captain of the Holland team. N is not the captain of Chile.
34. Who is the captain of the Chile team?
Ans: O
35. P is related to which of the following teams?
      (1) Hungary      (2) England       (3) Spain      (4) Holland      (5) None of these
Ans: 5(None of these)
36. Which of the following combinations is definitely true? 
  (1) T – Hungary   (2) Q – Real Madrid   (3) N – Brazil   (4) R – Holland    (5) None of these
Ans: 3(N – Brazil)
37. Which of the following combinations is false in respect of the given information? 
 (1) N – Brazil    (2) Q – Hungary    (3) O – Chile    (4) Data inadequate  (5) None of these
Ans: 5(None of these)

38. If R is related to Brazil, N is related to Chile, in the same way T is related to which of the following? 
     (1) Real Madrid      (2) Hungary      (3) Spain      (4) Chile      (5) England
Ans: 1(Real Madrid)
Solution(34-38):
              

RACE Institute, Hyderabad


 

INPUT-OUTPUT SEQUENCE

SOLVED EXAMPLES

Example 1:
Directions (Q. 1-5) : A word and answer arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input : Son 28 hide 18 96 49 love name 76 rife
Step-1: Hide son 28 18 49 love name 76 rife 96
Step-2: Love hide son 28 18 49 name rife 96 76
Step-3: Name love hide son 28 18 rife 96 76 49
Step-4: rife name love hide son 18 96 76 49 28
Step-5: Son rife name love hide 96 76 49 29 18.
Step – 5 is the last step of the rearrangement. As per the rules followed in the above steps. Find out in each of the following questions the appropriate step for the input given below.
Input: 48 line zoo 15 82 you come veto 31 all 85 53

 

1. How many steps will needed to complete the arrangement?
    (1) 4      (2) 4      (3) 6    (4) 7      (5) None of these
A: 6

 

2. Which of the step is: veto line come all zoo 15 you 31 85 82 53 48.
      (1) 3rd      (2) 2nd      (3) 4th          (4) 6th  (5) None of these
A: 4th

 

3. Which of the following would be step -1?
     (1) all 48 come zoo 15 you veto 31 53 85
     (2) Veto line come all zoo 15 you 31 85 82 53 48.
     (3) zoo 48 line 15 82 you come veto 31 all 53 85
     (4) all 48 come 15 zoo you veto 31 53 85
     (5) None of these
A: all 48 come 15 zoo you veto 31 53 85

 

4. In step – V, which of the following words numbers would be at 6th position
from the right.
     (1) 85      (2) zoo     (3) 31      (4) 15       (5) None of these
A: 15

 

5. Which of the following would be the final arrangement.
     (1) Zoo you veto line come all 85 82 53 48 31 15.
    (2) zoo you veto line come all 15 85 82 53 48 31
    (3) all come line veto you zoo 85 82 53 48 31 15
    (4) Zoo you veto line come all 82 85 53 48 31 15.
    (5) None of these
A: Zoo you veto line come all 85 82 53 48 31 15.
Sol. Input : 48 line zoo 15 82 you come veto 31 all 85 53
         Step-1: All 48 line zoo 15 82 you come veto 31 53 85
         Step-2: Come all 48 line zoo 15 you veto 31 53 85 82
         Step-3: Line come all 48 zoo 15 you veto 31 85 82 53
         Step-4: Veto line come all zoo 15 you 31 85 82 53 48
         Step-5: You veto line come all zoo 15 85 82 53 48 31
          Step-6: Zoo you veto line come all 85 82 53 48 31 15

 

Example 2 :

Directions (Q. 6-10) : Study the following data deliberately to answer the questions given underneath: 
Following are the capabilities for a specific post in a reputed organization.

The applicant must –
(1) be an Engineering graduate with at least 60% marks;
(2) be at least 21 years and not over 30 years old as on 1.5.2016;
(3) have passed through the determination test with no less than 55% marks;
(4) be willing pay a store of Rs. 60,000, to be discounted on consummation of training. However, if a candidate fulfills the above mentioned criteria except:

 

(i) At (1) above, yet has showed up for the last semester examination and has acquired a total of least 65% marks in initial seven semesters, his/her case might be referred to the V.P. of the organization;
 

(ii) At (4) above, however will pay a measure of at any rate Rs. 30,000 and has gotten no less than 70% marks at Engineering degree, the case possibly referred to the General Manager of the organization.
In each of the accompanying questions, points of interest of the applicant are given as respects his/her candidature. You need to read the data gave and choose his/her status in view of the conditions given above and the data gave. You are not to expect something besides the data gave in each of the following questions. All these cases are given to you as on 1-5-2016.

 

Give answer:

(1) If the applicant is to be selected;
(2) If the case is to be referred to the General Manager;
(3) If the case is to be referred to the V.P.;
(4) If the data provided is not adequate to take a decision;
(5) If the applicant is not to be selected.

 

6. Anitha is an IT engineer went out in 2014 with 52% marks. After getting the designing degree, she has done MBA with specialization in Finance. She has cleared the determination test with 60% imprints. She can pay the store of Rs. 60000. Her date of birth is fifteenth September, 1992.
A: 5
Sol. (5) Since Anitha is having only 52% in Engineering, she is not selected as condition (a) is not satisfied.


7. Jagan is an understudy of Mechanical Engineering and has showed up for the last semester examination. Results of the last semester examination are normal one month from now. He is hoping to score 65% imprints in the last semester as his total rate of the initial seven semesters is 67%. He has passed through the choice test with 60% checks and has no issue in paying the measure of Rs. 60,000 as store. He is 22 years of age at present.
A: 3
Sol. (3) Since Mr. Jagan fulfils conditions (i), b, c and d, so his case is to be decided by V.P. of the organisation.

 

8. Aravind has passed Computer Engineering degree with 68% marks in 2015 at the age of 22 years and is working with private engineering firm for last six months. He has cleared the selection test with 63% marks, He will manage to pay Rs. 60,000 as deposit.
A: 1
Sol. (1) Clearly the bio-data of Aravind and his qualifications are satisfying all the conditions of selection so he is selected for the job by the organisation.

 

9. Ajith, who has just completed 23 years of age, passed out degree in Civil engineering with 70% marks. He has cleared the selection test with 61% marks. He is willing to pay the amount of Rs. 30,000 only and will not be able to pay Rs. 60000.
A: 1
Sol. (1) Ajith’s case is a fit case to be referred to G.M. of the organisation.

 

10. Akash has appeared for the last semester examination of Mechanical Engineering and the results are awaited. He secured first class in each of the first seven semesters. He has recently completed 24 years of age. He has no problem in paying the required amount of Rs. 60,000 as deposit. He has passed the selection test with 58% marks.
A: 4
Sol. (4) Data given by Akash is inadequate in many informations having not been supplied.

 

EXERCISE

 

Directions (Q. 1-5) : A word and answer arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: good 18 to raise 02 12 money 28 for 57 charity 09
Step-1: to good 18 raise 02 12 money 28for charity 09 57
Step-2: to raise good 18 02 12 money for charity 09 28 57
Step-3: to raise money good 02 12 for charity 09 18 28 57
Step-4: to raise money good 02 for charity 09 12 18 28 57
Step-5: to raise money good for 02 charity 09 12 18 28 57
Step-6: to raise money good for charity 02 09 12 18 28 57
Input: always 19 give 21 84 for 62 14 worthy cause.

 

1. Which of the following would be step – 3 for the above input:
(1) worthy five for always 19 14 cause 84 6221
(2) worthy give for always 14 19 cause 21 62 84
(3) always give for worthy 19 14 cause 21 62 84
(4) worthy give for always 19 14 cause 21 62 84
(5) None of these
A: 4 (worthy give for always 19 14 cause 21 62 84)

 

2. How many steps would be needed to complete the arrangement for the above input.
A: IV
Sol:
       Step-1: Worthy always 19 give 21 for 62 14 cause 84
       Step-2: Worthy give always 19 21 F 14 cause 62 84
       Step-3: Worthy give for always 19 14 cause 21 62 84
       Step-4: Worthy give for cause always 14 19 21 62 84

 

3. Input: 50 62 tips on 67 how can 42 stay young 17 89 forever 03
The following stands for which step of the arrangement "young tips 50 on how can 42 17 forever 03 62 67 89"
   (1) step -3     (2) step -5     (3) step - 6     (4) step -4        (5) None of these
A: 1(step -3) 

 

4. Which of the words/ numbers below would be at the fifth position (from the right end) in step ‘V’ of the input.
    (1) forever     (2) 42              (3) 50          (4) Young       (5) None of these
A: 2 (42)  

 

5. Which of the following would be the last step for the input?
      (1) Young tips stay on how forever can 03 17 42 50 62 67 89
      (2) Young tips stay on how forever can 89 67 62 50 42 17 08
      (3) Can forever how on stay tips forever 89 67 62 50 42 17 08
      (4) Young tips stay on how forever can 03 17 42 50 67 62 62 89
       (5) None of these
A: 1(Young tips stay on how forever can 03 17 42 50 67 62 62 89)
Sol:
      Step-1: Young 50 62 tips on 67 how can 42 stay 17 forever 03 89
      Step-2: Young tips 50 62 on how can 42 stay 17 forever 03 67 89
      Step-3: Young tips stay 50 on how can 42 17 forever 03 62 67 89
      Step-4: Young tips stay on how can 42 17 forever 03 50 62 67 89
      Step-5 : Young tips stay on how can 17 forever 03 42 50 62 67 89
      Step-6: Young tips stay on how forever can 03 17 42 50 62 67 89

 

Directions (Q. 6-10) : A word and answer arrangement machine when given an input line of words and numbers rearranges them following particular rule. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.

Input: Economy on 16 is cool hot begin 14 but new again 24
Step-1: begin 14 economy on 16 is cool hot but new again 24
Step-2: begin 14 again 24 economy on 16 is cool hot but new
Step-3: begin 14 again 24 on 16 economy is cool hot but new.
Step-4: begin 14 again 24 on 16 economy cool is hot but new.
Step-5: begin 14 again 24 on 16 economy cool new is hot but.
Step-6: begin 14 again 24 on 16 economy cool new hot is but.
Step-7: begin 14 again 24 on 16 economy cool new hot but is.
Step-8: begin 14 again 24 on 16 5 3 14 8 2 9
Step- 8 is the last step of the rearrangement.

 

Input: garden heat 36 in 28 below normal in 23 over.
6. Which of the following would be the last step of arrangement.
     (1) In 23 heat 36 in 28 normal garden below over
     (2) In 23 heat 36 in 28 14 7 2 15
     (3) In 36 heat in 23 14 7 2 15
     (4) In 23 heat 36 in 28 14 2 7 15
     (5) None of these
A: 2(In 23 heat 36 in 28 14 7 2 15)

 

7. Which step number will be the following output? "in 23 hear 36 in 28 garden below normal over."
    (1) Step -3      (2) Step -4       (3) Step -6     (4) Step -5      (5) None of these
A: 1(Step -3 )

 

8. In step – 4 which of the following words / numbers would be at 4th position form the right.
    (1) over            (2) 36            (3) below           (4) normal         (5) None of these
A: 4(normal)

 

9. Which of the following steps will be the last but one step of the rearrangement?
     (1) Step - 4     (2) Step - 5      (3) Step - 6     (4) Step – 7      (5) None of these
A: 1(Step - 4)

 

10. In step – 3 if "in" is related to "28" , ‘23’ is related to ‘garden’ and ‘heat’ is related to ‘below’ in a certain was which of the following would ‘36’ be related in the same pattern?
      (1) over         (2) Normal        (3) in                (4) 28           (5) None of these
A: 2(Normal)

Sol:
      Step-1: In 23garden heat 36 in 28 below normal over
      Step-2: In 23 heat 36 garden in 28 below normal over
      Step-3: In 23 heat 36 in 28 garden below normal over
      Step-4: In 23 heat 36 in 28 normal garden below over
      Step-5: In 23 heat 36 in 28 14 7 2 15.

INPUT-OUTPUT SEQUENCE

Introduction
What is Input Output

Machine input or Input Output is a question type, where the candidate is given some kind of word and number arrangement. With each subsequent operation, the arrangement of the words and numbers changes. These operations are performed until a final arrangement is reached or is performed in loop. The student is required to identify the hidden pattern in the rearrangement and apply it to the questions.
Example:
A word arrangement machine when given an input of words, rearranges them following a particular rule in each step. The following is an illustration of input and steps rearrangement.
Input : Camp Rule Show Mouth Fast
Step I : Show Camp Rule Mouth Fast
Step II : Show Rule Camp Mouth Fast
Step III: Show Rule Mouth Camp Fast
Step IV: Show Rule Mouth Fast Camp
This is the final arrangement and STEP IV is the last step for this input.
What should be the last step of the following input?

 

INPUT: Coal Steer Brief Nap Blast Cry

Explanation:
The given rearrangement has a pattern that can be followed from the input step to the final step, which is Step IV. Observe carefully. The rearrangement follows the following patterns:
1. The rearrangement is taking place from left to right.
2. The rearrangement is taking place one word at a time.
3. The rearrangement is done on the basis of decreasing alphabetic order.

 

NOTE: To understand the pattern, often it is sufficient to look at the input, 1st, 2nd and final steps of the arrangement.
 

Now if we apply the same pattern rules to the second input given, we can immediately tell what the output (final step after rearrangement) would be:
 

INPUT:    Coal     Steer       Brief   Nap       Blast       Cry
OUTPUT: Steer    Nap     Cry     Coal    Brief   Blast

 

TYPES OF QUESTIONS
 

Based on the logic used behind the rearrangement, we can classify these types of questions as:
 

A. Rearrangements based on Ordering:
Words are arranged alphabetically (forward or reversed) as per their positions in the dictionary while numbers are arranged in ascending/descending order.
Both words and numbers could be arranged individually or simultaneously in each step. The rearrangement can start from the leftmost side or the rightmost side of the sentence and sometimes even simultaneously from both the ends. The rearrangement could either start with a word or a number. Whatever the finer details may be, in these kinds of rearrangements, one or two words/numbers are shifted at a time, without changing the order of the remaining words/numbers.

 

Example:

Input :  71          cowboy             dye         zirconium      92       45         66           bandit
Step I : 45              71            cowboy             dye              92       66       bandit      zirconium
Step II : 45           66                   71           cowboy            92      bandit    dye        zirconium
Step III: 45          66                    71               92             bandi t cowboy   dye       zirconium
Here, Step III is the final step and the rearrangement is done simultaneously from both front and back ends. The rearrangements are done this way : the numbers are arranged in ascending order one by one from the left end, with the next biggest number being added to the right of the previous number. The words are arranged in descending order one by one from the right end, with the last word in the dictionary going to the rightmost end, and earlier entries in the dictionary getting added in subsequent steps to the left of that word.

 

B. Rearrangements based on Interchanging the Positions of Words and Numbers:

Specific positions are selected and the positions of only those words/numbers are exchanged. The positions of all others remain unchanged.
 

Example:

Input : 102   bobby     indica   49   diamond      22       gas   figure   75      20
Step I :  20    bobby    indica   49    diamond      22       gas   figure   75      102
'bobby' is already arranged, so we will move on to the next element.
Step II : 20   bobby       22      49      diamond   indica   gas  figure   75      102
Step III: 20  bobby       22  diamond    49          indica  gas  figure  75        102
Step IV : 20  bobby       22  diamond    49          figure  gas  indica  75        102
Step V : 20   bobby       22   diamond    49          figure   75   indica  gas      102
Step VI : 20 bobby       22   diamond    49           figure   75     gas   indica  102
Step VII : 20 bobby      22   diamond   49          figure     75    gas   102       indica
Step VII is the final step of the input. The underlined words are used to indicate the words that will be interchanged in the each subsequent step.

 

C. Rearrangements based on Mathematical operations:

Some mathematical operation (like squaring the number, adding the digits within the number, some common number added/subtracted/multiplied/divided to each number etc.) is applied on the numbers in each step.
 

Example:

Input : 17 25 92 88 19 52
Step I : 10 25 92 88 19 50
Step II : 10 20 92 88 10 50
Step III: 10 20 90 80 10 50
Step III is the final step. Clearly in this example, the unit’s digits of the left most and right most number are simultaneously being subtracted from the numbers themselves. This is followed by the number to the right of the left most one, and to the left of the right most one.

TIPS ABOUT NUMBER OF STEPS
1. If there are ‘n’ words/digits in the input then at most ‘n-1’ steps are required to rearrange it completely.
2. Number of words/digits arranged until the present step is greater than or equal to the present step number.
3. If input is not given we cannot determine the previous step from given step number or we cannot determine input from given step number.

Race Institute, Hyderabad


 

TIME AND WORK 

1. A can do a piece of work in 24 days. A and B together can complete the same work in 14.4 days. In what time does B alone complete that work?


Sol: A and B together's one day's work = 1/14.4        

 A's one day's work = 1/24
   
     B's one day's work = 1/14/4 - 1/24 = 1/36 

     B can complete the work in 36 days.
Shortcut: When two persons together can complete a work in 'x' days and one of the persons can complete in 'y' days, then the other person can complete that work in 
   
     xy/y-x days. 
  
        = 36 days 


2. Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 30 minutes and 15 minutes respectively. A drain pipe C can empty a full tank in 10 minutes. In what time can the tank be filled when all the three are open simultaneously?
Sol: A = 12 minutes (+), B =15 minutes (+), C = 10 minutes (−) 
         All three together can fill the tank in 

          minutes 


      
3. A and B can complete a piece of work in 24 days. B and C can complete it in 30 days and A and C in 40 days. In what time A, B and C together can complete that work?


4. A can do a piece of work in 30 days. He worked for 6 days and then he was joined by B and the remaining work was completed by them in 12 days. In how many days can B alone do the whole work?

 

5. 16 men can do a piece of work in 16 days. 4 days after they started the work, 8 more men joined them. In how many days will they take to complete the remaining work?

Shortcut: Total mandays required for the work
                                        = 16 × 16 = 256
Number of mandays completed in 4 days
                                        = 4 × 16 = 64
Remaining mandays = 256 − 64 = 192
Number of men available now = 16 + 8 = 24
Number of days required = 192/24 = 8

 

6. 25 men to complete a work in 20 days. But after 15 days only 60% work has been finished. In order to finish the work in the stipulated time, how many more men are required?

 

7. Ganesh can complete a piece of work in 18 days while Ganesh and Laxman together can do the same work in 12 days. In how many days will Laxman alone can do that work?
Ans:  36

Explanation: 

18*12/18-12=36 days 
 

8. A tap can fill a tank in 25 minutes and another can empty it in 50 minutes. If both are opened simultaneously, in what time the tank is filled?

Ans:  50 min

9. 26 men can do a piece of work in 12 days. In how many days can 39 men do that work?

Ans:  8 days

Explanation: 

   26 × 12 = 39 × ?
       ? = 8


10. A can do a work in 20 days. He worked alone for 10 days and the remaining work was completed with the help of B in 2 days. In how many days will the total work be completed if they work together?
Ans:  4 days
Explanation: 


 

11. A is 150% as good work man as B. If A can complete a work in 20 days, in what time both A and B together can complete that work?
Ans:  12 days

Explanation: 

          

12. A can fill a tank in 4 minutes and B can fill it in 6 minutes. If both are opened alternatively for one minute each starting with A, find in what time the tank is filled.
Ans:           minutes

Explanation: 

13. A and B can complete a piece of work in 15 days and 12 days respectively. They started working together and received an amount of Rs.5400. Find the share of B.
Ans:  Rs.3000

Explanation: 

GENERAL AWARENESS – IMPORTANT DATES

Do Gaz Doori.. Bohot hai Zaroori

National

VidyaDaan 2.0

    Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched VidyaDaan 2.0 program on DIKSHA platform for inviting e-learning Content contributions.
    The programme has been launched due to the increasing requirement for e-learning content for  students(both school and higher education) especially  in the  backdrop of situation arising out of Covid- 19 and also due to  the urgent need to integrate digital education with schooling to encourage learning.
    He also informed that VidyaDaan has a content contribution tool that provides a structured interface for the contributors to register and contribute different types of content (such as, explanation videos,                           presentations, competency-based items, quizzes etc.), for any grade (from grade 1 to 12), for any subject as specified by the states/UTs.
    The Minister said that VidyaDaan program shall soon be inviting contributions for teacher training material also.

Special Liquidity Facility for Mutual Funds

    On 27 April 2020, Reserve Bank of India announced a Special Liquidity Facility for Mutual Funds (SLF-MF) of Rs.50,000 crore rupees with a view to easing liquidity pressures on Mutual Funds.
    In a bid to address concerns arising out of Franklin Templeton’s decision to wind up six debt funds, the Reserve Bank of India took this decision. Under the Special Liquidity Facility for Mutual Funds (SLF-MF), the RBI shall conduct repo operations of 90 days tenor at the fixed repo rate.
    The SLF-MF is on-tap and open-ended and banks can submit their bids to avail funding on any day from Monday to Friday (excluding holidays). The scheme is available from today till 11th of May or up to utilization of the allocated amount, whichever is earlier.
    The RBI stated that it remains vigilant and will take whatever steps are necessary to mitigate the economic impact of COVID-19 and preserve financial stability.

'Mann Ki Baat'

    On 26 April 2020, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the nation via his radio broadcast programme 'Mann Ki Baat'.    
    “Fight against coronavirus is people-driven. This fight is being fought by the people and the administration together” he said. He highlighted the contribution of frontline corona warriors and the state governments in the fight against Covid-19. He appealed people to follow hygienic norms such as wearing masks and avoiding spitting in public places. 
    Wearing mask has to become a habit and it does not mean a person wearing it is unwell, it is just wise precaution. ‘Do Gaz Doori, Bohot hai Zaroori,’ he gives slogan to make people aware of social distancing.

'#MyBookMyFriend'

    '#MyBookMyFriend' campaign was launched by Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank, the HRD Minister on World Book Day in Twitter. World Book and Copyright Day celebrated every year on 23 April. He said that there could not be a better friend, a better strength, better motivator, and a better guide than books. 
    “Books stand by our side and support us like a rock in all phases and difficulties of our life”. “Books are the real wealth that stays with us” he added.
    He then requested that students should keep reading books other than their textbooks and try to read at least 3-4 books in a year. He also urged everyone else, who may not be a student to find time to read a book. 

e-Gramswaraj Portal and Swamitva Launched

    On the occasion of National Panchayati Raj Day on 24 April 2020, the Prime Minister Narender Modi launched the e-Gramswaraj Portal and Mobile app as to prepare and plan Gram Panchayat Development Plans. He said that the portal will ensure real time monitoring and accountability. The portal is a major step towards digitization down to the Gram Panchayat level. PM Modi also launched Swamitva scheme in pilot mode to map rural inhabited lands using drones and latest survey methods. This scheme will ensure streamlined planning, revenue collection and provide clarity over property rights in rural areas. Disputes related to property would also be settled through the title deeds allotted through this scheme.
    He also interacted with Panchayat representatives from across the country. During his interaction with the sarpanchs PM complimented the villages for giving the mantra - 'Do gaj doori' to define social distancing in simpler terms to kill COVID pandemic.

International

COVID deaths more than 2 lakh 

    Coronavirus pandemic claimed more than 2 lakh deaths worldwide ,nearly 90% of which were in USA and Europe alone  by 26 April 2020. However, the World Health Organization (WHO) warned that recovery from coronavirus might not protect a person from re-infection. It clarified that there is currently no evidence that people who have recovered from COVID-19 and have antibodies are protected from a second infection.

Test Kit at Home 

    U.S.A Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the first at-home COVID-19 test kit, which is expected to bring coronavirus testing to the doorsteps of every household.
    The first at-home test kit has been developed by LabCorp, where as the patient can perform the self-swab and then mail it back and get the results after that time all under the guidance of a licensed                    physician, after completing a COVID-19 questionnaire. In United States, the death toll due to the coronavirus pandemic crossed the 50,000-mark by 25 April 2020, according to Johns Hopkins University.

Human Trials by Oxford University

    Coronavirus vaccine human trials started in the UK,  developed by a group of scientists at the University of Oxford on 23 April 2020.
    Elisa Granato is the first volunteer in an initial group of 800 to be part of the ground-breaking trial, which hoped will be the answer for immunization against the deadly COVID 19 By vaccinating with ChAdOx1 nCoV-19, the Oxford University team is hoping to make the body recognise and develop an immune response to the spike protein that will help stop the SARS-CoV-2 or Covid-19 virus from entering human cells and therefore prevent infection.
    The vaccine is made from a harmless chimpanzee virus that has been genetically engineered to carry part of the coronavirus to be tested on volunteers aged between 18 and 55 who are in good health
    The UK government pledged 20 million pounds to support the coronavirus vaccine trial programme

SAARC Conference on COVID 19

   South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) health ministers meeting hosted by Pakistan via video conference to promote greater regional cooperation to deal with the COVID 19 pandemic on 23 April 2020.
    In this virtual meet, India highlighted the successful use and promising future of new and innovative technology-based solutions such as the mobile app ‘Aarogya Setu’ to maximize community outreach and intervention.
    India’s delegation was led by Rajiv Garg, the Director General of health services. India developed an electronic platform, namely ‘SAARC COVID19 Information Exchange Platform (COINEX)’ for use by all SAARC countries.
    The meeting comes over a month after India took the lead with Prime Minister Narendra Modi bringing the SAARC leaders together through a video-conference amid rising coronavirus cases in the                   populous region. On 15 March 2020, PM Modi proposed COVID-19 emergency fund and India committed $ 10 million initially for the fund.
    SAARC is a regional grouping comprising Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Others

Firouzja Out Carlsen

    16-year-old Iranian chess prodigy Alireza Firouzja won the final of the Banter Blitz Cup by defeating the World Chess Champion Magnus Carlsen of Norway.
    Firouzja defeated  world chess champ Carlsen in a historic 8.5-7.5 in the final of the online quickfire knockout contest.


Under-17 Women's World Cup Postponed

    FIFA Under-17 Women's World Cup, which was scheduled to be played in India in the month of  November 2020, was postponed due to the Coronavirus pandemic.  FIFA will declare the new dates for the tournament soon.
    Under-17 Women's World Cup was scheduled to be played in India across five host cities - Navi Mumbai, Guwahati, Ahmedabad, Kolkata and Bhubaneswar.


World Malaria Day

    World Malaria Day is observed on 25 April every year by the World Health Organisation (WHO) to recognise the global fight against the disease. 
    In 2007 at the 60th session of the World Health Assembly, a meeting sponsored by the World Health Organisation (WHO) proposed that Africa Malaria Day be changed to World Malaria Day.
    This year's theme is "Zero malaria starts with me". The theme focuses on the complete eradication of malaria from the world through effective measures and proper implementation of various healthcare                programmes.
    A life-threatening disease, which is caused through the transmission of plasmodium parasite through the bite of female Anopheles mosquito. The disease infects more than 500 million people each year across the globe.

Model Questions

1.     Who is the Union Minister of Coal stated that Coal India Limited (CIL) will have the target to produce 710 Million tonnes coal in current financial year?
    1) Ravi Shankar Prasad           2) Smt. Harsimrat Kaur Badal    
    3) Pralhad Joshi        4) Mahendra Nath Pandey  
    5) Giriraj Singh
2.     Government of India appointed whom as the new Secretary of Economic Affairs in the place of Atanu Chakraborty ?

1) Rajesh Bhushan    2) Tarun Bajaj     3) A K Sharma      4) R P Guptha     5) Amit Khare
3.     Which nation claimed it launched first military satellite ‘Noor’?

1) North Korea     2) Iraq     3) Iran    4) Pakistan      5) UAE
4.     World intellectual property day observed on….

1) 21 April     2) 20 April    3) 26 April      4) 15 April     5) 30 April

Answers: 1-3; 2-2; 3-3; 4-3.

 

Writer: Amara Veeraswamy

2-5-2020

Third largest solar market?

International 

AIIB help

    Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) agreed to extend a $500 million loan to India to support the country’s efforts to prevent, detect, and respond to the threat posed by Covid-19. The project is funded by AIIB’s Covid-19 Crisis Recovery Facility, created to adapt to urgent financing needs of the bank’s  members impacted by the pandemic. AIIB’s Covid-19 Crisis Recovery Facility, created as part of the  coordinated international response to counter the Covid-19 crisis, has an initial size of $5-10 billion. 

India helps Bangladesh

    India High Commissioner to Bangladesh Riva Ganguly Das handed over the third tranche of emergency medical assistance to the Foreign Minister of Bangladesh A.K. Abdul Momen in Dhaka. The Third tranche consists of RT-PCR COVID-19 kits capable of running thirty thousand tests. The test kits were dispatched to the Institute of Epidemiological Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Bangladesh.

Postage stamp on smallpox

    World Health Organization (WHO) and the UNO's postal agency released a commemorative postage stamp today on the 40th anniversary of the eradication of smallpox.  Smallpox was eradicated on the back of a 10-year-old effort spearheaded by the WHO involving thousands of health workers around the world to administer half a billion vaccinations.
    In the year 1980, the World Health Assembly issued its official declaration that the world and all peoples have won freedom from smallpox. WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said, when the smallpox eradication campaign was launched in 1967, one of the ways countries raised awareness about smallpox was through postage stamps.

India installed 7.3 GW

    In the year 2019, India installed 7.3 GW of solar power across the country, consolidating its position as the third-largest solar market in the world.
    India also had a robust pipeline of utility-scale projects under development of 23.7 GW at the end of 2019, with another 31.5 GW of tenders pending auction, according to a study by Mercom Communications India, a subsidiary of global clean energy communications and consulting firm Mercom Capital Group. The report also revealed that the top 10 large-scale project developers account for 68 per cent market share in 2019. ReNew Power was the top utility-scale developer during 2019, while Azure Power owns the largest project pipeline. Tata Power Solar had the largest cumulative rooftop portfolio, followed by CleanMax Solar.

 

Mission Sagar

    On 10 May 2020, India launched Mission Sagar, as part of the government’s outreach initiative towards five Island nations in the Indian Ocean amidst the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
    Indian Naval Ship Kesari departed for Maldives, Mauritius, Seychelles, Madagascar and Comoros.
    ‘Mission Sagar’ is in line with India’s role as the first responder in the region and builds on the excellent relations existing between these countries to battle the COVID-19 pandemic.

National

PM-CM Video Conference

    On 11 May 2020, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi interacted with the Chief Ministers of all the States and Union Territories to discuss the road ahead in India’s fight against COVID-19. He said that this understanding of the spread of COVID-19 will help the country in having a focused fight against it.  He said the new way of life would be on the principle of “Jan Se lekar Jag Tak”, from an individual to the whole of humanity. He asked the policymakers to also keep in mind how to embrace new models of teaching and learning in the education sector.
 

Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan

    On 12 May 2020, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the nation, five days before the third phase of the nationwide lockdown is slated to end on 17 May 2020.  He said that the fourth phase of the lockdown will be in a new form. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman urged to make "local our mantra" and that the "Aatma Nirbhar Bharat" will build the 21st century for the country. 

COVID Kavach Elisa

    National Institute of Virology (NIV) in Pune developed an immunological assay-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-to detect antibodies that the body develops in response to infection by the SARS-CoV-2 novel coronavirus The test will detect IgG antibodies present in blood samples. 
    The test is expected to change the dynamics of COVID-19 testing in the country. It can test around 90 samples in approximately two and a half hours. This is the first time India developed an indigenous ELISA test for coronavirus.


DRUVS

    Research Centre Imarat (RCI), the Hyderabad based Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) premier lab developed an automated contactless UVC sanitization cabinet, called ‘Defence Research Ultraviolet Sanitiser’ (DRUVS).  It has been designed to sanitize mobile phones, iPods, laptops, currency notes, cheques, challans, passbooks, paper, envelopes, etc.
    The DRUVS cabinet is having contactless operation which is very important to contain the spread of the virus.  DRUVS provides 360-degree exposure of UVC to the objects placed inside the cabinet. Once the sanitisation is done, the system goes in sleep mode hence the operator need not wait or stand near the device.

 

'Surakshit Dada-Dadi and Nana-Nani Abhiyan'

    On 5 May 2020, the Niti Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India) in association with Piramal Foundation launched a campaign 'Surakshit Dada-Dadi & Nana-Nani Abhiyan' focused on ensuring the wellbeing of senior citizens during the COVID-19 pandemic.
    The scheme aimed at creating awareness about various aspects of senior citizens' health and lifestyle including preventive measures and requisite behavioral changes in view of COVID-19 pandemic.
    The campaign will reach over 2.9 million senior citizens in 25 Aspirational Districts across Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, MP, Maharashtra, Rajasthan & UP; the Aayog tweeted.

Vande Bharat Mission 

    World’s largest evacuation operation to bring back stranded Indian nationals from different countries under Vande Bharat Mission on 7 May 2020.
    The government of India chalked out a detailed plan of the first phase of Vande Bharat Mission to bring back around fifteen thousand stranded Indian nationals due to COVID-19 outbreak from 12 countries. 
    Indian Navy launched ‘Operation Samudra Setu’ to repatriate stranded Indian citizens from overseas. INS Jalashwa and INS Magar brought hundreds of Indian Nationals from Maldives.

 

NABARD help

    On 5 May 2020, the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) said that it disbursed Rs.12,767 crore to State Co-operative Banks (StCBs) and Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) across the country for extending credit to farmers during the ongoing lockdown. The loans are being offered for one year at an interest rate of 4.8 per cent, NABARD said in a release. In April 2020, the Reserve Bank of India announced to provide Rs 25,000 crore to NABARD for refinancing Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), cooperative banks and microfinance institutions (MFIs).

UV disinfection tower 

    Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) developed an Ultra Violet Disinfection Tower for rapid and chemical-free disinfection of high-infection prone areas.
    UV disinfection tower designed and developed by Laser Science & Technology Centre (LASTEC), the Delhi based premier laboratory of DRDO with the help of M/s New Age Instruments and Materials Private Limited, Gurugram.
    The UV Blaster is useful for high tech surfaces like electronic equipment, computers and other gadgets in laboratories and offices that are not suitable for disinfection with chemical methods.
    The product is also said to be effective in areas with a large flow of people such as airports, shopping malls, metros, hotels, factories, offices, etc. The device can be used remotely through a smartphone or laptop using Wi-Fi.

 

New mandis in e-NAM 

    Two hundred new mandis from seven states joined the e-NAM platform for marketing of agricultural produce recently. They include 94 mandis of Rajasthan, 27 mandis of Tamil Nadu, 25 mandis each from Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat, 16 mandis of Odisha, 11 mandis of Andhra Pradesh and two mandis of Karnataka.
Co-Op banks under SARFAESI Act
    The Supreme Court held that the cooperative banks involved in the activities related to banking are covered within the meaning of ‘banking company’ and Parliament has legislative competence to provide for a procedure for recovery of a loan under the SARFAESI Act.
    The Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest (SARFAESI) Act, 2002, allow banks and financial institutions to auction properties (residential and commercial) when borrowers fail to repay their loans. It enables banks to reduce their non-performing assets by adopting measures for recovery or reconstruction.

 

Others

World War II medal 

    Russia felicitated the North Korean leader Kim Jong Un with a commemorative World War II medal for his role in preserving the memory of Soviet soldiers killed in North Korea. Russian Ambassador handed the commemorative medal dubbed “75 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945” to North Korean Foreign Minister. 
    North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Son Gwon accepted the award from Russian Ambassador Alexander Matsegora on behalf of Kim Jong Un. The Russian embassy said that Kim was awarded “for his great personal contribution to the commemoration of the dead and buried Soviet citizens on the territory of North Korea and showing concern about the safety of the Soviet soldiers’ graves and memorial sites” 

 

International Midwife Day 

    International Midwife Day celebrated on the 5th of May every year, to appreciate the work of  midwives. Midwives are women who have practical knowledge of helping pregnant women give birth. In the early times when there were no highly professional and equipped hospitals for pregnant ladies, they used to give birth to a child at home with the help of these midwives. 
    Each year ICM (International Confederation of Midwives) comes up with a campaign theme to motivate and raise awareness about the status of midwives and the needed and crucial care they provide to mothers and their new-borns.
    This year theme is ‘Midwives with women: celebrate, demonstrate, mobilize, unite – our time is NOW!’ The world needs 9 million more nurses and midwives if it is to achieve universal health coverage by 2030. That’s why the World Health Assembly designated 2020 the International Year of the Nurse and the Midwife.

 

Pulitzer Prizes

    On 4 May 2020, the 2020 Pulitzer Prize winners were announced 15 Journalism categories and seven Book, Drama and Music categories. The Pulitzer Prizes in journalism were first awarded in 1917 and are considered the field’s most prestigious honour in the U.S.A. Three Indian photojournalists Dar Yasin, Mukhtar Khan and Channi Anand of the Associated Press based won the 2020 Pulitzer Prize for ‘feature photography’. 
    They were conferred with Pulitzer for their coverage of the Jammu and Kashmir region during the clampdown that followed the Union government’s decision to divest the region of its special status and reorganise it into two Union Territories. Yasin and Khan are journalists based in Srinagar, while Anand is based in Jammu.


Writer: Amara Veeraswamy

16-5-2020

World Public Service Day Observed On..

National
SATYABHAMA portal

    To promote research and development in the mining and minerals sector, Union Minister for Coal, Mines and Parliamentary Affairs Pralhad Joshi launched SATYABHAMA (Science and Technology Yojana for Aatmanirbhar Bharat in Mining Advancement) Portal for Science and Technology Programme Scheme on 15 June 2020.
    SATYABHAMA Portal allows online submission of project proposals along with monitoring of the projects and utilization of funds/grants. 
    The researchers can also submit progress reports and final technical reports of the projects in the electronic format in the portal. The minister requested the scientists and researchers in the mining and                  mineral sector to undertake qualitative and innovative research and development work for 'AatmaNirbhar Bharat'.

 

YUKTI 2.0

    “YUKTI 2.0” – (Young India combating COVID with Knowledge, Technology and Innovation 2.0), a platform to support the startups incubated in the institutes of higher education over the virtual platform was launched by the Union Minister of Human Resource Development Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' on 23 June 2020.
    It helps in fostering the innovation and entrepreneurship culture in the academic institutions. Its main objective is to understand the technologies which have commercial potential and information associated with startups incubated in the institutes of higher education. On 11 April 2020, the minister launched ‘YUKTI’ to identify ideas relevant in COVID pandemic. 
Atma Nirbhar Uttar Pradesh Rojgar Yojana
    On 26 June 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched 'Atma Nirbhar Uttar Pradesh Rojgar Yojana', the Uttar Pradhesh's mega employment scheme to provide jobs to migrant workers Via video             conference.
    This yojana focused on generating employment for those migrant workers of Uttar Pradesh state, who recently returned from other states.

 

PM CARES Fund

    Union government declared to allocate Rs.3,000 crore from PM CARES for ventilator supply and migrants welfare. Rs. 2,000 crore will be spent in the procurement of 50,000 Made-in-India ventilators to Government-run COVID hospitals in all States/Union Territories.
    The Indian companies involved in manufacturing the ventilators include the Bharat Electronics Limited, the AgVa Healthcare and the AMTZ Basic. Rs. 1,000 crore allocated for the welfare of migrant labour. The fund can be spent on arranging accommodation, food, medical treatment and transportation of the migrants. The Prime Minister is the ex-officio Chairman of the PM CARES Fund. It was established as a           public charitable trust.  

 

IN-SPACe

    The union government will constitute Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe) for effective socio-economic usage of space technology. The above decision taken by the union cabinet chaired by the PM Narender Modi and approved the participation of the private sector in the entire range of space activities, including planetary exploration missions. IN-SPACe will provide a level playing field for private companies to use Indian space infrastructure.

Annual TB Report 2020

    Central TB Division of Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare released the Annual “India TB (Tuberculosis) Report 2020” on June 24th. As per this report, there were around 24.04 lakh TB patients in 2019, a 14% increase compared to the previous year. Due to easy availability of molecular diagnostics, the proportion of children  diagnosed with TB increased to 8 percent in 2019 compared to 6 percent in 2018. More than 4.5 lakh lakh DOT (Directly observed treatment) Centers provide treatment covering almost every village across the country.

International 
VaYU

    “Vivekananda Yoga University” (VaYU), the World’s first Yoga University outside India was launched on June 23rd by the Union Minister of State of External Affairs P P Chaudhary in Los Angeles, United States of America. Founded on the principles of Swami Vivekananda's love for universal welfare, VaYU will offer online graduate programmes based on scientific principles and modern research approaches to yoga. The        programmes combine scientific principles and modern research approaches to the ancient Indian practice of yoga. H R Nagendra, the Chancellor of Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana (SVYASA) is the first Chairman of VaYU.

Conference for UNRWA

    Union Minister of State for External Affairs V Muraleedharan participated in the Extraordinary Virtual Ministerial Pledging Conference for UNRWA. He announced the $ 10 million to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) over the coming two years.
    When few nations withdrew funding, India had stepped up its annual pledge from $ 1.25 million to $ 5 million in 2018. The minister said that India already disbursed $ 2 million and will soon be remitting the balance $ 3 million. India is a major development partner of Palestine. Apart from funding people-centric development projects worth $ 72 million, India will also donate life-saving drugs to Palestine to help them in their fight against COVID-19. 

RIC meeting

    India attended the Russia-India-China (RIC) trilateral foreign ministers meeting hosted by Russia through video-conference on June 23rd. Attending the meet, the External Affairs Minister of India S. Jaishankar called on countries to respect international law and recognizing the legitimate interest of partners.
    The meeting comes during the escalating border standoff between India and China at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh. The meeting focussed on the global situation arising out of the coronavirus pandemic, regional developments of common concern and global changes.

Victory Day

    Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh attended the Victory Parade at Red Square in Moscow on 24 June 2020 to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the victory of the Soviet forces in World War II. It was originally scheduled on May 9, 2020 but was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 
    The Tri-Service contingent of the Indian Armed Forces comprised 75 all ranks marched along with contingents of Russian Armed Forces and 17 other countries in victory parade. The defence minister met the Russian  Deputy Prime Minister Yury Ivanovichh Borisov discussed bilateral relationships and reviewed the India-Russia defence cooperation. 

 

Pak in ‘Grey List’

    The Paris-based Financial Action Task Force (FATF) retained Pakistan in Grey List due to deficiencies found in money laundering and anti-terror funding laws and their implementation. FATF plenary meeting chaired by China found that Pakistan had failed to deliver on 13 of the 27 points in the action plan that it had pledged to implement.
    The meeting stressed the Prime Minister Imran Khan’s government should probe the widest range of terror financing. His government should implement targeted financial sanctions against all UN-designated           terrorists and prohibiting their access to funding. Germany takes over the presidency of the FATF in July 2020 for a year.

45th Edition of TIFF 2020

    Priyanka Chopra and filmmaker Anurag Kashyap are among the 50 celebrated filmmakers and actors invited as the ambassadors of Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) 2020 to be held in September 2020. TIFF is one of the largest publicly attended film festivals in the world. 
    This year’s selection comprises a lineup of 50 new feature films, five programmes of short films including Ammonite, directed by Francis Lee (United Kingdom). 

Others

UN honour

    United Nations honoured the Kerala Health Minister KK Shailaja for her efforts to fight COVID 19 pandemic on World Public Service Day, celebrated on 23 June. 
    She was invited by the United Nations to participate in a panel to share Kerala's strategy of aggressive testing, contact tracing and how quarantining helped slow the spread of the deadly COVID virus. 
    The webinar was organised to honour leaders who have done commendable work in the fight against Covid-19.     
    United Nations every year on June 23, observes the world public service day to appreciate and pay respect to public servants across the world.

 

Peace Prize

    Amartya Sen, the Nobel-laureate Indian economist was conferred with the prestigious ‘Peace Prize of the German Book Trade’ for his decades-long work on global Social justice, addressing the questions on social inequality in education and healthcare.
    The 'Human Development Index’, the 'Capabilities Approach’ and the 'Notion of missing women’ are his greatest contributions to the world of Economy.  The award will be presented by the German Publishers and Booksellers Association, Brsenverein.
    The award will be given to honour such individuals who have made an outstanding contribution to the realization of the idea of peace primarily through his activities in the fields of literature, science and art. 
Peace Prize has been awarded since 1950 and cash award carries a sum of 25,000 Euros.

Women’s World Cup

    Australia and New Zealand will jointly host the 2023 FIFA women world cup. This is the first Women’s World Cup to be hosted in the Asia-Pacific Region. 32 teams will participate in the event.
    FIFA president Gianni Infantino suggested conducting of the tournament every 2 years instead of every 4 years.
    2019 FIFA women world cup hosted by France and the USA was a winner and the Netherlands was the runner.

Model Questions

1.     ‘Legend of Suheldev: The King Who Saved India’ written by ..
1) Chetan Bhagat         2) Amish Tripathi     
3) Anita Desai         4) Upamanyu Chatterje 
 5) Shashi Tharoor
2.     Olympic Day observed on..

1) 29 August          2) 24 April     3) 10 December        4) 21 November 
5) 23 June
3.     Union Cabinet approved to designate Kushinagar Airport as an International Airport located in the state of……

1) Uttar Pradesh      2) Bihar     3) Madhya Pradesh    4) Maharashtra 
5) West Bengal
4.     International Day of the Celebration of the Solstice 2020 observed on…

1) 21 March         2) 23 September     3) 22 December        4) 21 June 
5) 21 January
5.     ‘Indira Rasoi Yojna’ (Indira Kitchen Scheme) to provide pure nutritious food to the poor twice a day at concessional rates declared by ….

1) Chhattisgarh     2) Punjab     3) Jharkhand         4) Rajasthan 
    5) Maharshtra
6.     The term of Commission to examine sub-categorization of OBCs extended to..

1) 30 Jun 2021      2) 31 Aug 2021     3) 31 July 2021      4) 31 Mar 2021 
5) 31 Jan 2021 

 

Key: 1-2; 2-5; 3-1; 4-4; 5-4; 6-5.
 

Writer: Amara Veeraswamy 

1-7-2020

Who unveiled the Statue of Peace..?

International

Biden new team
On 24 November 2020, the USA President-elect Joe Biden announced his nominees for key foreign policy and national security roles as the transition process officially began. Antony Blinken will be secretary of state and John Kerry as Climate change envoy. He picked Linda Thomas-Greenfield to represent his nation in UNO as ambassador. He announced many firsts on the team, including Avril Haines, a former deputy director of the C.I.A, who would be the first woman to serve as director of national intelligence, and Alejandro Mayorkas, who would be the first Latino and first immigrant to lead the Department of Homeland Security.
While unveiling the new team Biden said “America is back” and noted that Jake Sullivan, his choice to serve as National Security Adviser, would be the youngest person to coordinate the national security team in decades.


12th BRICS Summit
On 17 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually participated in the 12th summit of BRICS (Brazil Russia - India - China - South Africa) group. This year's theme was 'Global stability, shared security and innovative growth'. While addressing the meet, PM Modi reiterated India's long-standing demand for reformed multilateralism. He also touched upon the need to reform the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in light of contemporary challenges. Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the approval of the Moscow Declaration, the BRICS Anti-Terrorism Strategy and the BRICS updated strategy for the economic partnership until 2025 at the culmination of the 12th BRICS summit.


India’s own IRNSS
On 11 November  2020, India became the fourth country in the world to have its independent regional navigation satellite system recognised by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) as a part of the World Wide Radio Navigation System (WWRNS). Now this navigation system can replace GPS (Global Positioning Systems) in the Indian Ocean waters up to 1500 km from the Indian boundary.  By this, India has become the fourth country to have its independent regional navigation system after the USA, Russia and China.


'My understanding about Gandhi'
A special anthology on Mahatma Gandhi 'Maile Bujheko Gandhi' (My understanding about Gandhi) was released by Nepal President Bidhya Devi Bhandari during a ceremony at Kathmandu on 9 November 2020. The pictorial anthology in Nepalese has been released to celebrate 151st Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and to mark the culmination of the two years long celebrations of '150 years of Mahatma'. The book has been brought out by the Embassy of India along with the BP Koirala India-Nepal Foundation. 


Second World Health Expo
The Second World Health Expo was held between 11-14 November 2020 in Wuhan, the capital city of Central China’s Hubei Province.  The expo features 12 different venues for audiences to experience the most frontier health technology. 

 

APEC 2020
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) began on 20 November 2020 hosted by Malaysia. The official theme of the summit is "Optimising Human Potential Towards a Resilient Future of Shared Prosperity: Pivot. Prioritise. Progress". After the virtual summit, the leaders issued the Kuala Lumpur Declaration. They adopted the Putrajaya Vision 2040, which is a new 20-year growth vision to replace the Bogor Goals named after the Indonesian town where leaders agreed in 1994 to free and open trade and investment. The leaders also pledged to build an “open dynamic, resilient and peaceful region” by 2040. 


UMANG International Version
On 23 November 2020, UMANG app's international version was launched by Union IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad
during a virtual conference to mark three years of the platform. The UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) app provides a single platform to access pan India e-governance services ranging from central to local government bodies, and other citizen-centric services. It will help Indian international students, NRIs and Indian tourists abroad, to avail Government of India services, anytime.


G 20 Summit
Prime Minister Narendra Modi stressed the importance of reforms in multilateral organisations to ensure better global governance for faster post-Covid recovery at the G-20 Summit hosted by Saudi Arabia between 21-22 November 2020. The theme of the summit was "Realising the Opportunities of the 21st Century for All”. The G-20 Riyadh Summit Leaders Declaration said that G 20 next meetings will be in Italy in 2021, Indonesia in 2022, India in 2023 and Brazil in 2024.

 

National

Varunastra
The Chairman of DRDO, G.Satheesh Reddy, flagged off the first Varunastra, the Heavy Weight Torpedo, being delivered to the Indian Navy, at a ceremony held at Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) Visakhapatnam Unit on 21 November 2020. Varunastra  has been designed and developed by NSTL (Naval Science & Technological Laboratory) Visakhapatnam. Varunastra is a ship-launched, heavyweight, electrically-propelled anti-submarine torpedo capable of targeting quiet submarines, both in deep and shallow waters in an intense countermeasures environment.


Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge
On 19 November 2020, the Union minister of state Housing and Urban Affairs (Independent Charge) Hardeep Singh Puri launched the Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge, to ensure that no person needs to enter a sewer or septic tank, unless unavoidable in the interest of greater public hygiene. The virtual event witnessed participation of representatives from 243 cities across the country, coming together to take a pledge to mechanize all sewer and septic tank cleaning operations by 30th April 2021. The Challenge will focus extensively on creating citizen awareness on this critical issue along with infrastructure creation for mechanized cleaning and capacity building of the workforce. The initiative was launched on the occasion of World Toilet Day, observed every year on 19 November.


Lilavati Awards 2020
On 17 November 2020, Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched AICTE’s Lilavati Awards 2020 virtually. The Theme of the award is “Women Empowerment”. This award intends to recognize the efforts being made by AICTE approved institutions to treat women with ‘equality and fairness’ in all spheres of their lives.

 

Statue of Peace 
Prime Minister Modi unveiled the 151inch tall “Statue of Peace” to mark 151st Birth Anniversary of Jainacharya Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj on 16 November 2020 which was installed at Vijay Vallabh Sadhana Kendra, Jetpura, in Pali, Rajasthan. Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj (1870-1954) led an austere life as a Jain Saint working selflessly and dedicatedly to spread the message of Lord Mahavira.


SITMEX-20
The Second edition of India, Singapore and Thailand Trilateral Maritime Exercise SITMEX-20 was held from 21 to 22 November 2020 in the Andaman Sea. The exercise was conducted to increase the mutual inter-operability and imbibing best practices among the three naval forces. This year SITMEX hosted by Singapore.

 

Vaccine review tour
On 28 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited three cities to review the vaccine development and manufacturing process for COVID being done by various pharma companies. He visited the Zydus Biotech Park in Ahmedabad, Bharat Biotech in Hyderabad and Serum Institute of India in Pune.


All India Presiding Officers Conference
President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the 80th All India Presiding Officers Conference at Kevadia, Gujrat on 25 November 2020.  The Theme of the conference was ‘Harmonious Coordination between Legislature, Executive and JudiciaryKey to a Vibrant Democracy’.  The Lok Sabha Speaker and the Chairman of the All India Presiding Officers Conference Om Birla said that there will be a commitment to implement the decisions taken during the two-day conference in a phased manner.  


Garima Greh..  
On 25 November 2020, the Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Thaawarchand Gehlot inaugurated ‘Garima Greh, the Shelter Home for Transgender Persons’ in Vadodara, Gujarat virtually. He also e-launched a ‘National Portal for Transgender Persons’. The Portal would help a transgender person in applying for a Certificate and Identity card digitally from anywhere in the country without having to visit any office. It should be noted that the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019 came into effect on 10th January 2020 is the first concrete
step towards ensuring the welfare of Transgender persons.


PRAGTI meeting
Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired the 33rd PRAGTI (Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation) meeting on 25 November 2020.  In this, multiple projects, grievances and programmes were reviewed involving the cost of Rs 1.41 lakh crore that were related to ten states and union territories. 


Bengaluru Tech Summit
On 19 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Bengaluru Tech Summit (BTS) 2020 virtually.  PM had given a call to the young talents to create robust cybersecurity solutions to protect our data and IT-based products.  Prime Minister of Australia Scott Morrison participated in the meet who said that Bengaluru is India's biggest tech cluster.

 

Others

2020 UN Population Award
On 11 November 2020, the Queen Mother of Bhutan, her Majesty Gyalyum Sangay Choden Wangchuck, was announced as the individual laureate for the 2020 United Nations Population Award.  HelpAge India was announced as the award’s institutional laureate. Gyalyum Wangchuck is a longstanding champion of sexual and reproductive health and rights and the need to end violence against women, girls and children in Bhutan. The world’s ageing population has
gained increasing attention in recent years, but HelpAge India has been working with and for disadvantaged elderly people in India for nearly four decades. Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1981, the United Nations Population Award recognizes contributions in the fields of population and reproductive health.


Vatayan Award
Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal was conferred with the Vatayan Lifetime Achievement Award for his exemplary contribution in the field of literature on 21 November 2020. The award was conferred in an online ceremony for his contribution in the field of literature. The award - given by the VatayanUK organisation in London - honours poets, writers and artists for exemplary work in their respective fields. Nishank earlier received several awards in the field of literature and administration including Sahitya Bharati award, Sahitya Gaurav Samman and Bharat Gaurav Samman.

 

Jallikattu
A Malayalam film about a hunt for a bull on the run ‘Jallikattu’ was selected as this year's Oscar entry in the Best International Feature Film category of the 93rd Academy Awards 2021. The film directed by Lijo Jose Pellissery. The film was premiered at the Toronto Film Festival and was also screened at the Busan festival. It is based on a short story by the writer S Hareesh titled Maoist. 


International Children's Peace Prize
On 14 November 2020, Sadat Rahman, a teenager from Bangladesh won the International Children's Peace Prize for his efforts to educate young people about cyberbullying. He was inspired to create this mobile app to help young people report online abuse after hearing about a 15-year-old girl who took her own life because of bullying. The prize is given away by the international children’s rights organization KidsRights to a child, who fights courageously for children’s rights.


National Newborn Week 2020
National Newborn Week 2020 observed from 15 November to 21 November. The theme of the National Newborn Week is 'Quality, equity, dignity for every newborn at every health facility and everywhere’. On this eve, Union Health Minister
Harsh Vardhan said that India has successfully met the 2017 target of the newborn mortality rate of 24 per 1,000 live births and is making efforts to fulfil the target of stillbirth rate of 19 per 1,000 total births by this year. He released a detailed progress card on India Newborn Action Plan targets. He further added that a newborn mortality rate of 23 per 1,000 live births as per the Sample Registration System (SRS), 2018, and estimates of the United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNIGME).


Booker Prize
Douglas Stuart of Scotland won the Booker Prize for fiction ‘Shuggie Bain’ on 19 November 2020.  The prestigious 50,000 pounds ($ 66,000) award conferred on his debut novel about a boy in Glasgow (Scotland) trying to support his mother, as she struggles with addiction and poverty. Stuart dedicated his book and his prize to his mother, who died of alcoholism when he was 16. Burnt Sugar, a novel written by Avni Doshi, the Indian origin American woman author, settled in Dubai is one among the nominated books for this coveted prize.

 

Model Questions

1. Who was re-elected as the president of Athletics Federation of India?
1) Dr Michael Irani     2) Rohan Jaitley      3) Adille Sumariwalla     4) Anil Jain     5) Gyanendro Ningombam

 

2. The USA President-elect Joe Biden appointed an Indian-American as the policy director of his wife Jill Biden. He/ She is……..
1) Manga Anantatmula      2) Renu Khator     3) Sruthi Palaniappa      4) Rita Baranwal     5) Mala Adiga

 

3. Abhayam, the project for safety and security of women passengers launched by…....
1) AP       2) Telangana       3) Kerala        4) MP        5) Delhi

 

4. India International Cherry Blossom Festival, the calendar event of which state cancelled this year in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic?
1) Manipur      2) Nagaland     3) Mizoram      4) Meghalaya       5) Tripura

 

5. Women's T-20 World Cup 2023 to be hosted by……….
1) India       2) Australia      3) South Africa      4) Sri Lanka      5) New Zealand


6. Delhi got 62nd rank in the list of World’s Best Cities for 2021 prepared by Resonance Consultancy Limited. Which city got the first rank in the world?
1) New York      2) Paris      3) Moscow      4) London      5) Los Angles

 

7. Which nation successfully launched its Chang'e-5 lunar mission to collect rocks from the moon?
1) Japan     2) North Korea     3) China     4) South Korea     5) Thailand

 

8. 14-year-old girl won the prestigious Children's Climate Prize for designing a mobile ironing cart using solar panels to power a steam iron box rather than conventional charcoal. She is........
1) Vinisha Umashankar     2) Aishwarya Sridhar     3) Seema Gupta      4) Sudha Painuli       5) Neelakantha Jonnalagadda

 

9. Who is elected as the new chairman of International Cricket Council (ICC)?
1) Giovanni Infantino      2) Jacques Rogge     3) Greg Barclay      4) Thomas Bach     5) Chris Kermode

 

10. Francisco Sagasti was sworn in as interim president of which nation on 17 November 2020?
1) Peru     2) Moldova     3) Ivory Coast     4) Tanzania     5) Kosovo

 

11. Aung San Suu Kyi's ruling National League for Democracy (NLD) claimed a victory in Myanmar’s second parliamentary election. What is the currency of Myanmar?
1) Kyat       2) Taka       3) Shilling        4) Rupee    5) Tenge

 

12. List of important days given. The correct combination is...
1) National Education Day-11 NOV      2) Public Service Broadcasting Day-12 NOV
3) Samvidhan Diwas or Constitution Day - 26 NOV     4) World Toilet Day - 19 NOV     5) All of above


13. India’s longest single-lane motorable suspension bridge in Tehri Garhwal district on Tehri lake was inaugurated in………
1) Chhattisgarh     2) Assam    3) Arunachal Pradesh    4) Uttarakhand     5) Maharashtra

 

14. Who was appointed as state icon of Punjab by the Election Commission of India?
1) Chacha Chaudhary    2) Harmanpreet Kaur     3) Sonu Sood    4) Yuvraj Singh     5) Harbhajan Singh

 

15. Which Cyclone caused damage in the states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andhra Pradesh recently?
1) Gaja         2) Gati         3) Nivar       4) Goni         5) Eta

 

16. Who is the author of the book ‘A promised Land’?
1) Shashi Tharoor     2) Boris Johnson     3) Barack Obama     4) Romila Thapar     5) Pope Francis

 

17. The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26 to be hosted between 1-12 November 2021 at……….
1) Zurich, Switzerland     2) Paris, France    3) Bonn, Germany    4) Buenos Aires, Argentina    5) Glasgow, Scotland

 

18. ‘Delhi Crime’  won the best drama series honour at the 48th International Emmy Awards. Who is the director of the series?
1) Ismail Umar Khan     2) Garry Bhinder     3) Sumeet Sachdev     4) Richie Mehta     5) Krishna CH

 

19. World’s first library for children on a tram launched in….
1) Pune    2) Chennai    3) Kolkata      4) Cuttack     5) Aizawl

 

20. Lonar Lake in which state has been chosen as a wetland site of international importance under the Ramsar conservation treaty?
1) Karnataka      2) Maharashtra      3) MP       4) Assam       5) Jammu and Kashmir

 

Key:  1-3;   2-5;  3-1;  4-4;  5-3;  6-4;  7-3;  8-1;  91-3;   10-1;   11-1;   12-5;   13-4;   14-3;  15-3;   16-3;  17-5;   18-4;   19-3;   20-2.

Who unveiled the Statue of Peace..?

International

Biden new team
On 24 November 2020, the USA President-elect Joe Biden announced his nominees for key foreign policy and national security roles as the transition process officially began. Antony Blinken will be secretary of state and John Kerry as Climate change envoy. He picked Linda Thomas-Greenfield to represent his nation in UNO as ambassador. He announced many firsts on the team, including Avril Haines, a former deputy director of the C.I.A, who would be the first woman to serve as director of national intelligence, and Alejandro Mayorkas, who would be the first Latino and first immigrant to lead the Department of Homeland Security.
While unveiling the new team Biden said “America is back” and noted that Jake Sullivan, his choice to serve as National Security Adviser, would be the youngest person to coordinate the national security team in decades.


12th BRICS Summit
On 17 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually participated in the 12th summit of BRICS (Brazil Russia - India - China - South Africa) group. This year's theme was 'Global stability, shared security and innovative growth'. While addressing the meet, PM Modi reiterated India's long-standing demand for reformed multilateralism. He also touched upon the need to reform the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in light of contemporary challenges. Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the approval of the Moscow Declaration, the BRICS Anti-Terrorism Strategy and the BRICS updated strategy for the economic partnership until 2025 at the culmination of the 12th BRICS summit.


India’s own IRNSS
On 11 November  2020, India became the fourth country in the world to have its independent regional navigation satellite system recognised by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) as a part of the World Wide Radio Navigation System (WWRNS). Now this navigation system can replace GPS (Global Positioning Systems) in the Indian Ocean waters up to 1500 km from the Indian boundary.  By this, India has become the fourth country to have its independent regional navigation system after the USA, Russia and China.


'My understanding about Gandhi'
A special anthology on Mahatma Gandhi 'Maile Bujheko Gandhi' (My understanding about Gandhi) was released by Nepal President Bidhya Devi Bhandari during a ceremony at Kathmandu on 9 November 2020. The pictorial anthology in Nepalese has been released to celebrate 151st Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and to mark the culmination of the two years long celebrations of '150 years of Mahatma'. The book has been brought out by the Embassy of India along with the BP Koirala India-Nepal Foundation. 


Second World Health Expo
The Second World Health Expo was held between 11-14 November 2020 in Wuhan, the capital city of Central China’s Hubei Province.  The expo features 12 different venues for audiences to experience the most frontier health technology. 

 

APEC 2020
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) began on 20 November 2020 hosted by Malaysia. The official theme of the summit is "Optimising Human Potential Towards a Resilient Future of Shared Prosperity: Pivot. Prioritise. Progress". After the virtual summit, the leaders issued the Kuala Lumpur Declaration. They adopted the Putrajaya Vision 2040, which is a new 20-year growth vision to replace the Bogor Goals named after the Indonesian town where leaders agreed in 1994 to free and open trade and investment. The leaders also pledged to build an “open dynamic, resilient and peaceful region” by 2040. 


UMANG International Version
On 23 November 2020, UMANG app's international version was launched by Union IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad
during a virtual conference to mark three years of the platform. The UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) app provides a single platform to access pan India e-governance services ranging from central to local government bodies, and other citizen-centric services. It will help Indian international students, NRIs and Indian tourists abroad, to avail Government of India services, anytime.


G 20 Summit
Prime Minister Narendra Modi stressed the importance of reforms in multilateral organisations to ensure better global governance for faster post-Covid recovery at the G-20 Summit hosted by Saudi Arabia between 21-22 November 2020. The theme of the summit was "Realising the Opportunities of the 21st Century for All”. The G-20 Riyadh Summit Leaders Declaration said that G 20 next meetings will be in Italy in 2021, Indonesia in 2022, India in 2023 and Brazil in 2024.

 

National

Varunastra
The Chairman of DRDO, G.Satheesh Reddy, flagged off the first Varunastra, the Heavy Weight Torpedo, being delivered to the Indian Navy, at a ceremony held at Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) Visakhapatnam Unit on 21 November 2020. Varunastra  has been designed and developed by NSTL (Naval Science & Technological Laboratory) Visakhapatnam. Varunastra is a ship-launched, heavyweight, electrically-propelled anti-submarine torpedo capable of targeting quiet submarines, both in deep and shallow waters in an intense countermeasures environment.


Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge
On 19 November 2020, the Union minister of state Housing and Urban Affairs (Independent Charge) Hardeep Singh Puri launched the Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge, to ensure that no person needs to enter a sewer or septic tank, unless unavoidable in the interest of greater public hygiene. The virtual event witnessed participation of representatives from 243 cities across the country, coming together to take a pledge to mechanize all sewer and septic tank cleaning operations by 30th April 2021. The Challenge will focus extensively on creating citizen awareness on this critical issue along with infrastructure creation for mechanized cleaning and capacity building of the workforce. The initiative was launched on the occasion of World Toilet Day, observed every year on 19 November.


Lilavati Awards 2020
On 17 November 2020, Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched AICTE’s Lilavati Awards 2020 virtually. The Theme of the award is “Women Empowerment”. This award intends to recognize the efforts being made by AICTE approved institutions to treat women with ‘equality and fairness’ in all spheres of their lives.

 

Statue of Peace 
Prime Minister Modi unveiled the 151inch tall “Statue of Peace” to mark 151st Birth Anniversary of Jainacharya Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj on 16 November 2020 which was installed at Vijay Vallabh Sadhana Kendra, Jetpura, in Pali, Rajasthan. Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj (1870-1954) led an austere life as a Jain Saint working selflessly and dedicatedly to spread the message of Lord Mahavira.


SITMEX-20
The Second edition of India, Singapore and Thailand Trilateral Maritime Exercise SITMEX-20 was held from 21 to 22 November 2020 in the Andaman Sea. The exercise was conducted to increase the mutual inter-operability and imbibing best practices among the three naval forces. This year SITMEX hosted by Singapore.

 

Vaccine review tour
On 28 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited three cities to review the vaccine development and manufacturing process for COVID being done by various pharma companies. He visited the Zydus Biotech Park in Ahmedabad, Bharat Biotech in Hyderabad and Serum Institute of India in Pune.


All India Presiding Officers Conference
President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the 80th All India Presiding Officers Conference at Kevadia, Gujrat on 25 November 2020.  The Theme of the conference was ‘Harmonious Coordination between Legislature, Executive and JudiciaryKey to a Vibrant Democracy’.  The Lok Sabha Speaker and the Chairman of the All India Presiding Officers Conference Om Birla said that there will be a commitment to implement the decisions taken during the two-day conference in a phased manner.  


Garima Greh..  
On 25 November 2020, the Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Thaawarchand Gehlot inaugurated ‘Garima Greh, the Shelter Home for Transgender Persons’ in Vadodara, Gujarat virtually. He also e-launched a ‘National Portal for Transgender Persons’. The Portal would help a transgender person in applying for a Certificate and Identity card digitally from anywhere in the country without having to visit any office. It should be noted that the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019 came into effect on 10th January 2020 is the first concrete
step towards ensuring the welfare of Transgender persons.


PRAGTI meeting
Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired the 33rd PRAGTI (Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation) meeting on 25 November 2020.  In this, multiple projects, grievances and programmes were reviewed involving the cost of Rs 1.41 lakh crore that were related to ten states and union territories. 


Bengaluru Tech Summit
On 19 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Bengaluru Tech Summit (BTS) 2020 virtually.  PM had given a call to the young talents to create robust cybersecurity solutions to protect our data and IT-based products.  Prime Minister of Australia Scott Morrison participated in the meet who said that Bengaluru is India's biggest tech cluster.

 

Others

2020 UN Population Award
On 11 November 2020, the Queen Mother of Bhutan, her Majesty Gyalyum Sangay Choden Wangchuck, was announced as the individual laureate for the 2020 United Nations Population Award.  HelpAge India was announced as the award’s institutional laureate. Gyalyum Wangchuck is a longstanding champion of sexual and reproductive health and rights and the need to end violence against women, girls and children in Bhutan. The world’s ageing population has
gained increasing attention in recent years, but HelpAge India has been working with and for disadvantaged elderly people in India for nearly four decades. Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1981, the United Nations Population Award recognizes contributions in the fields of population and reproductive health.


Vatayan Award
Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal was conferred with the Vatayan Lifetime Achievement Award for his exemplary contribution in the field of literature on 21 November 2020. The award was conferred in an online ceremony for his contribution in the field of literature. The award - given by the VatayanUK organisation in London - honours poets, writers and artists for exemplary work in their respective fields. Nishank earlier received several awards in the field of literature and administration including Sahitya Bharati award, Sahitya Gaurav Samman and Bharat Gaurav Samman.

 

Jallikattu
A Malayalam film about a hunt for a bull on the run ‘Jallikattu’ was selected as this year's Oscar entry in the Best International Feature Film category of the 93rd Academy Awards 2021. The film directed by Lijo Jose Pellissery. The film was premiered at the Toronto Film Festival and was also screened at the Busan festival. It is based on a short story by the writer S Hareesh titled Maoist. 


International Children's Peace Prize
On 14 November 2020, Sadat Rahman, a teenager from Bangladesh won the International Children's Peace Prize for his efforts to educate young people about cyberbullying. He was inspired to create this mobile app to help young people report online abuse after hearing about a 15-year-old girl who took her own life because of bullying. The prize is given away by the international children’s rights organization KidsRights to a child, who fights courageously for children’s rights.


National Newborn Week 2020
National Newborn Week 2020 observed from 15 November to 21 November. The theme of the National Newborn Week is 'Quality, equity, dignity for every newborn at every health facility and everywhere’. On this eve, Union Health Minister
Harsh Vardhan said that India has successfully met the 2017 target of the newborn mortality rate of 24 per 1,000 live births and is making efforts to fulfil the target of stillbirth rate of 19 per 1,000 total births by this year. He released a detailed progress card on India Newborn Action Plan targets. He further added that a newborn mortality rate of 23 per 1,000 live births as per the Sample Registration System (SRS), 2018, and estimates of the United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNIGME).


Booker Prize
Douglas Stuart of Scotland won the Booker Prize for fiction ‘Shuggie Bain’ on 19 November 2020.  The prestigious 50,000 pounds ($ 66,000) award conferred on his debut novel about a boy in Glasgow (Scotland) trying to support his mother, as she struggles with addiction and poverty. Stuart dedicated his book and his prize to his mother, who died of alcoholism when he was 16. Burnt Sugar, a novel written by Avni Doshi, the Indian origin American woman author, settled in Dubai is one among the nominated books for this coveted prize.

 

Model Questions

1. Who was re-elected as the president of Athletics Federation of India?
1) Dr Michael Irani     2) Rohan Jaitley      3) Adille Sumariwalla     4) Anil Jain     5) Gyanendro Ningombam

 

2. The USA President-elect Joe Biden appointed an Indian-American as the policy director of his wife Jill Biden. He/ She is……..
1) Manga Anantatmula      2) Renu Khator     3) Sruthi Palaniappa      4) Rita Baranwal     5) Mala Adiga

 

3. Abhayam, the project for safety and security of women passengers launched by…....
1) AP       2) Telangana       3) Kerala        4) MP        5) Delhi

 

4. India International Cherry Blossom Festival, the calendar event of which state cancelled this year in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic?
1) Manipur      2) Nagaland     3) Mizoram      4) Meghalaya       5) Tripura

 

5. Women's T-20 World Cup 2023 to be hosted by……….
1) India       2) Australia      3) South Africa      4) Sri Lanka      5) New Zealand


6. Delhi got 62nd rank in the list of World’s Best Cities for 2021 prepared by Resonance Consultancy Limited. Which city got the first rank in the world?
1) New York      2) Paris      3) Moscow      4) London      5) Los Angles

 

7. Which nation successfully launched its Chang'e-5 lunar mission to collect rocks from the moon?
1) Japan     2) North Korea     3) China     4) South Korea     5) Thailand

 

8. 14-year-old girl won the prestigious Children's Climate Prize for designing a mobile ironing cart using solar panels to power a steam iron box rather than conventional charcoal. She is........
1) Vinisha Umashankar     2) Aishwarya Sridhar     3) Seema Gupta      4) Sudha Painuli       5) Neelakantha Jonnalagadda

 

9. Who is elected as the new chairman of International Cricket Council (ICC)?
1) Giovanni Infantino      2) Jacques Rogge     3) Greg Barclay      4) Thomas Bach     5) Chris Kermode

 

10. Francisco Sagasti was sworn in as interim president of which nation on 17 November 2020?
1) Peru     2) Moldova     3) Ivory Coast     4) Tanzania     5) Kosovo

 

11. Aung San Suu Kyi's ruling National League for Democracy (NLD) claimed a victory in Myanmar’s second parliamentary election. What is the currency of Myanmar?
1) Kyat       2) Taka       3) Shilling        4) Rupee    5) Tenge

 

12. List of important days given. The correct combination is...
1) National Education Day-11 NOV      2) Public Service Broadcasting Day-12 NOV
3) Samvidhan Diwas or Constitution Day - 26 NOV     4) World Toilet Day - 19 NOV     5) All of above


13. India’s longest single-lane motorable suspension bridge in Tehri Garhwal district on Tehri lake was inaugurated in………
1) Chhattisgarh     2) Assam    3) Arunachal Pradesh    4) Uttarakhand     5) Maharashtra

 

14. Who was appointed as state icon of Punjab by the Election Commission of India?
1) Chacha Chaudhary    2) Harmanpreet Kaur     3) Sonu Sood    4) Yuvraj Singh     5) Harbhajan Singh

 

15. Which Cyclone caused damage in the states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andhra Pradesh recently?
1) Gaja         2) Gati         3) Nivar       4) Goni         5) Eta

 

16. Who is the author of the book ‘A promised Land’?
1) Shashi Tharoor     2) Boris Johnson     3) Barack Obama     4) Romila Thapar     5) Pope Francis

 

17. The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26 to be hosted between 1-12 November 2021 at……….
1) Zurich, Switzerland     2) Paris, France    3) Bonn, Germany    4) Buenos Aires, Argentina    5) Glasgow, Scotland

 

18. ‘Delhi Crime’  won the best drama series honour at the 48th International Emmy Awards. Who is the director of the series?
1) Ismail Umar Khan     2) Garry Bhinder     3) Sumeet Sachdev     4) Richie Mehta     5) Krishna CH

 

19. World’s first library for children on a tram launched in….
1) Pune    2) Chennai    3) Kolkata      4) Cuttack     5) Aizawl

 

20. Lonar Lake in which state has been chosen as a wetland site of international importance under the Ramsar conservation treaty?
1) Karnataka      2) Maharashtra      3) MP       4) Assam       5) Jammu and Kashmir

 

Key:  1-3;   2-5;  3-1;  4-4;  5-3;  6-4;  7-3;  8-1;  91-3;   10-1;   11-1;   12-5;   13-4;   14-3;  15-3;   16-3;  17-5;   18-4;   19-3;   20-2.

Mobile Masterjee developed by?

National

App Innovation Challenge

    Aatmanirbhar Bharat App Innovation Challenge was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on July 4th to facilitate the techies and start-up community to create world-class Made in India Apps. The challenge would run in two tracks - promotion of existing apps and development of new apps.
    The Track-01 will work in mission mode for identifying good quality Apps for the leader-board and shall be completed in around a month. The Track-02 initiative will work to help create new champions in India by providing support in ideation, incubation, prototyping and roll out along with market access.

Rewa Solar Power Project 

    Asia’s biggest solar project in Rewa district, Madhya Pradesh was inaugurated by PM Narendra Modi on 10 July 2020 through a video link.
    The Rewa solar project reduces carbon dioxide emissions every year by about 1.5 million tonnes. India welcomes foreign investments in clean energy. This solar power park is a joint venture company of Madhya Pradesh Urja Vikas Nigam Limited (MPUVN) and Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) a central public sector undertaking.
    India commits to attaining the target of 175 GW of installed renewable energy capacity by the year 2022 including 100 GW of solar installed capacity.


ATL App Development Module

    NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) launched the ATL App Development Module for school children across the country.  The module was launched on July 12th in collaboration with Indian homegrown startup Plezmo to sharpen the skills of school students and transforming them from App users to App makers.
    The ATL (Atal Tinkering Lab) App Development module is an online course and completely free. Through 6 project-based learning modules and online mentoring sessions, young innovators can learn to build mobile Apps in various Indian languages and showcase their talent.

Agriculture Infrastructure Fund

    On 8 July 2020, the Union Cabinet gave its approval to set up an Agriculture Infrastructure Fund with a corpus of One Lakh crore rupees. 
    Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar said that under the fund, the loans will be given by the banks and financial institutions to primary agriculture credit societies, farmers’ groups, farmer producer organizations (FPOs), Agri-entrepreneurs, start-ups and Agri-tech players.
    Loans will be disbursed in four years starting with the sanction of Rs.10,000 crore in the current year and Rs.30,000 crore each in the next three financial years. All loans under this financing facility will have interest subvention of 3 percent per annum. The Agriculture Infrastructure Fund was part of the Rs. 20 lakh crore stimulus package announced in response to the COVID-19 disaster.

Mobile Masterjee

    Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur developed an innovative virtual classroom aid titled 'Mobile Masterjee'. It is targeted at helping the rural schools overcome the teaching and learning challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic.
    In this aid, the classroom-to-home teaching setup is designed to record the lectures/instructions by the teachers while using smartphones.  
    ‘Mobile Masterjee’ can capture the videos in horizontal (table) and vertical (blackboard) positions.

India Global Week 2020

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated India Global Week 2020, a virtual conference being organized in the UK on July 9th.  
    India Global Week is a three-day virtual conference based on the theme 'Be the Revival: India and a Better New World'. Revival with care, revival with compassion and revival which is sustainable both for the environment and the economy is the objective of India.
    Five thousand global participants from 30 nations will be addressed by 250 global speakers across 75 sessions on this occasion.

Largest Data Centre

    Asia’s largest certified tier IV data centre was inaugurated by Maharashtra Chief Minister Uddhav Thackeray on July 7th. It is the largest of its kind in India, as well as the second-largest in the world.
    The private facility is owned by the Hiranandani Group, via its fully owned subsidiary, the Yotta Infrastructure Group. The Yotta data centre is aimed at catering for engineering and real estate businesses. 
    The data centre offers 7200 racks and 50 MW of power with 48 hour backup. 

 

International

Guinness Record in Tiger Census 

    The fourth cycle of the All India Tiger Estimation 2018 now entered the Guinness World Record for being the world's largest camera trap wildlife survey.
    The official Guinness World Record website said that the fourth iteration of the survey conducted in 2018-19 was the most comprehensive to date, in terms of both resource and data amassed. Camera traps were placed in 26,838 locations across 141 different sites and surveyed an effective area of 121,337 square  kilometers.
    The country now has an estimated 2,967 tigers as per the latest census. With this number, India is home to nearly 75% of the global tiger population and has already fulfilled its resolve of doubling tiger numbers, made at St Petersburg in 2010, much before the target year of 2022.

AIIB released $50 million 

    To fund Renewable Energy projects in the country, the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) released $50 million in the first tranche of assistance to L&T Infrastructure Finance Ltd. Having a base in Beijing, China, the AIIB is a multilateral development bank that invests in sustainable infrastructure.

    AIIB invests in sustainable infrastructure which has sanctioned a total $100 million loan to the unit of L&T Finance Holdings. This is AIIB’s first loan to a non-banking financial company (NBFC) in India.
 

World Bank provides $400-million loan

    World Bank provides a loan of $400-million to enhance support for the Namami Gange programme to rejuvenate the Ganga River. The $400 million funding support comprises a loan of $381 million and a          proposed guarantee of up to $19 million. The $381 million loan has a maturity of 18.5 years, including a grace period of five years. The World Bank has been supporting the government’s efforts since 2011 through the ongoing National Ganga River Basin Project. 

Real Estate Transparency Index

    India got 34th rank in the Global Real Estate Transparency Index 2020. The higher rank registered due to higher levels of transparency observed in India due to regulatory reforms, enhanced market data, and           sustainability initiatives.
    India's rank has improved by five notches from 39 to 34 for the last six years from 2014 until 2020. UK, USA and Australia claimed the top three ranks respectively. Jones Lang LaSalle’s (JLL) biennial Global Real Estate Transparency Index (GRETI) released this 2020 Index observed the reforms in Real estate sector is the main reason for India’s better ranking. 

Others

UNIFIL Environment Award

    Indian Battalion stationed with the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) won an environment award. 
    The Indian Battalion was adjudged first for a project that seeks to increase awareness and decrease waste generation by planting seedlings in their positions and areas of responsibility, preventing littering, reusing plastic bottles, building greenhouses and building compost pits. UNIFIL Head of Mission and Force Commander Major General Stefano Del Col gave the annual environmental awards to seven Missions            entities for initiating and implementing innovative projects to preserve the environment.

Panghal ranked No.1

    Amit Panghal, the Indian boxer and World Championship silver medalist ranked number one in men's 52 kg weight class, according to the latest world rankings released by the International Boxing Association.
    He is the only Indian to claim the number one spot in the rankings prepared based on performances up to the World Championships last year. World championship silver medallist Manju Rani got the second rank in the 48 Kg weight class.

Dhamma Chakra Day

    On 4 July 2020, the President of India, Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the Asadha Poornima celebrations being observed as a Dhamma Chakra Day from Rashtrapati Bhavan, New Delhi. The day                   commemorates Buddha's First Sermon to his first five ascetic disciples at the Deer Park, Sarnath near Varanasi, UP. The day is also celebrated by Buddhists all over the world as the day of Dharma Chakra Parvattana or 'Turning of the Wheel of Dharma'. This day also observed as Guru Poornima by both Buddhists and Hindus as a day to mark reverence to their guru.

Model Questions

1.     Jean Castex is the new prime minister of 
1) Germany    2) Singapore       3) Bolivia        4) Israel       
5) France
2.     World Population Day observed on…..

1) 8 July            2) 14 July         3) 11 July       4) 20 July      
5) 18 July
3.     Who is the present Director-General of WHO (World Health Organization)?

1) Audrey Azoulay           2) Henrietta H. Fore
3) Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus     4) Klaus Schwab       
5) Kristalina Georgieva
4.     Who won the Austrian Grand Prix?

1) Lewis Hamilton            2) Arthur Leclerc    
3) Valtteri Bottas             4) Max Verstappen  
5) Sebastian Vettel
5.     'Nekara Sammana Yojane' to provide financial assistance of Rs.2,000 to handloom weavers introduced by….

1) Maharashtra            2) Uttar Pradesh   
3) Madhya Pradesh              4) Karnataka  
5) Bihar
6.     Who is appointed as chairman of the International Financial Services Centres Authority (IFSCA)?

1) Rajiv Gauba        2) Dr. P K Mishra   
3) Injeti Srinivas          4) Ajay Kumar    
5) Ajay Bhushan Pandey

 

Key: 1-5; 2-3; 3-3; 4-3; 5-4; 6-3. 


Writer: Amara Veeraswamy

15-7-2020

KARGIL VIJAY DIWAS OBSERVED ON..

National

MANODARPAN

MANODARPAN, the initiative of Human Resources Development (HRD) Ministry to provide psycho-social support to students was launched in New Delhi.
Union HRD Minister, Shri Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' on this occasion said that 'MANODARPAN' covers a wide range of activities to provide Psycho-social Support to students for their Mental Health and Well-being during the COVID outbreak and beyond.
The National Toll-free helpline (8448440632) also been set up, which shall be managed by a pool of experienced counselors/ Psychologists and other mental health professionals and will continue beyond the COVID-19 situation. Through this helpline, tele-counselling will be provided to the students to address their mental health and psychosocial issues.

RIL in Top 50 Most Valued Firms

Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) became the first Indian firm to touch the Rs. 13 lakh crore market capitalisation (m-cap) mark. RIL ranked 48th in market cap globally, according to stock market data. No Indian company has ever crossed an m-cap of Rs. 13 lakh crore.  Globally, Saudi Aramco is the company with the highest market cap of $ 1.7 trillion, followed by Apple, Microsoft, Amazon, and Alphabet. The only other Indian company in the top 100 firms is Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) has an m-cap of Rs 8.14 lakh crore.

Private Trains in Railways

Indian railways decided to allow private entities to operate passenger trains to roll out 151 modern passenger trains on 109 pairs of routes across the country by 2027. 
First, it will introduce 12 trains in 2022-23, 45 in 2023-24, 50 in 2025-26 and 44 more in 2026-27, taking the total number of trains to 151 by the end of FY 2026-27. The Request For Qualification (RFQ) is likely to be finalized by November 2020. 70% of the private trains will be manufactured in India which will be designed for a maximum speed of 160 kmph.

60% renewable energy by 2030

The Energy Resource Institute (TERI) conducted a webinar on 21 July. Union Power and New and Renewable Energy Minister R K Singh said that India will have around 60% of its installed electricity generation capacity from clean sources by 2030. 
He said,  the renewable energy capacity would touch 510 GW by 2030, including 60 GW of hydropower. The minister  also launched a report titled 'Bending the Curve: 2025 Forecasts for Electricity Demand by Sector and State in the Light of the COVID Epidemic'.

 

Permanent Women Commission

Union Ministry of Defence issued a formal sanction letter to grant permanent commission to women officers in the Indian Army.  
Earlier this year, the Supreme Court allowed permanent commission and command roles to women officers. The reasons like motherhood, physiological limitation, childcare and troops from rural backgrounds not to accept a permanent commission for women, but the Supreme Court said there was a need for an administrative will and 'change of mindset'.

Kakrapar Plant achievement

Kakrapar Atomic Power Plant, Unit-3 (KAPP-3), India’s first 700 MWe (megawatt electric) pressurized Heavy Water Reactor (PHWR) attained criticality on 22 July 2020.  
The reactor is the first of its kind as this 700 MWe Pressurized Heavy Water Reactor was indigenously designed and built by Indian scientists and engineers.

 

Dhruvastra

On 22 July 2020, India successfully conducted three flight tests of its indigenously developed anti-tank guided missile ''Dhruvastra'' from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur in Odisha. 
The missile developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) which is the helicopter-launched anti-tank guided missile (ATGM). It is one of the most advanced anti-tank weapons in the world. Dhruvastra is the helicopter version of 'Nag Helina' with several new features and meant to be fired from air to destroy enemy bunkers, armoured vehicles and main battle tanks.

National Transit Pass System

On 23 July 2020, the National Transit Pass System (NTPS) was launched by Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar.  This pilot project will be functional in Madhya Pradesh and Telangana and by this Diwali it will be operational in pan India. NTPS enhances the seamless movement of forest produce. It will replace manual paper-based transit system by online transit system enabling ease of movement of timber, bamboo and other minor forest produce.

International

G20 Digital meet

The G20 virtual Digital Economy Ministers was hosted by Saudi Arabia on 22 July 2020.
Union Information Technology Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad participated in the meet and said that digital platforms need to be responsive, accountable, and sensitive to the concerns of sovereign nations as far as safety, defence and privacy are concerned.

Indo-US Strategic Energy Partnership

The Virtual ministerial meeting of the U.S-India Strategic Energy Partnership
(SEP) was held on 17 July 2020. The energy cooperation between the two countries, which is technical, economic, and bilateral, is strengthening year after year.
 Smart grids and energy storage is being implemented by a consortium comprising of 30 Indian and US entities is also another important point discussed in the meet.
The meeting was co-chaired by U.S. Secretary of Energy Dan Brouillette and Indian Minister of Petroleum and Natural Gas and of Steel Dharmendra Pradhan.

 

G20 FM and Central Bank Governors Meet

G20 finance ministers and central bank governors virtual meeting was held under the Saudi Arabia presidency on July 19. The Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman participated in the meet.  
Moody’s Investors Service and Fitch Ratings recently lowered India’s rating to lowest investment grade.  

Emergency Medical Services Unit

The Government of India signed an agreement with the Ministry of Health of Maldives for the establishment of 'Emergency Medical Services Unit' at Baa Atoll Dharavandhoo Hospital in Male. 
The establishment of an Emergency Medical Services unit in Maldives is one of the several small and medium projects that are being financed by India under the overarching grant assistance of around $ 20 million.

Virtual India Ideas Summit 2020

US-India Business Council (USIBC) hosted the virtual India Ideas Summit 2020 on July 22. 
The Theme of the summit is “Building a Better Future”. The year 2020 marked the 45th anniversary of the formation of the Council. 
During the summit, the discussion was held on areas including India-US cooperation and the future of the relation between the two countries in a postpandemic world.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi on this eve urged American investors to invest in India in sectors such as technology, healthcare, insurance, civil aviation, defence and infrastructure.

Others

Nelson Mandela Prize

Greek philanthropist Marianna Vardinoyannis and Morissana Kouyate of Guinea were conferred with Nelson Mandela Prize. United Nations General Assembly President Tijjani Muhammad - Bande hailed the greatness of Vardinoyannis, who has been involved for around 30 years in the fight against childhood cancer. She is a Goodwill Ambassador of UNESCO since 1999. Dr. Morissanda Kouyate of Guinea is a leading advocate on ending violence against women and girls in Africa. 

National Broadcasting Day

National Broadcasting Day observed on 23 July. On this day in 1927, the first- ever radio broadcast in the country went on air from the Bombay Station under a private company, the Indian Broadcasting Company.  Broadcasting has played a very crucial role over the decades. 

Gulbenkian prize for humanity

Gulbenkian prize for humanity was conferred on the Climate activist Greta
Thunberg for the way 'she has been able to mobilise younger generations'. She donated the entire cash prize of one million euros to different organisations and projects, who are working to help people on the front line, affected by the climate crisis and ecological crisis. Gulbenkian Prize for Humanity, awarded annually, in the amount of 1 million euros, aims to recognise people, groups of people and/or organisations from all over the world whose contributions to mitigation and adaptation to climate change stand out for its novelty, innovation and impact.

 

Model Questions

1. Kargil Vijay Diwas observed on..
    1) 26 July      2) 28 July  
    3) 21 July       4) 17 July  
    5) 31 July
2. Fourth edition of the Khelo India Youth Games 2021 to be hosted by

    1) Haryana     2) Manipur 
    3) Rajasthan     4) Goa 
    5) Jharkhand
3. Largest Solar Power Plant of Navy Commissioned at Indian Naval Academy in……

    1) Visakapatnam, Andhra Pradesh 
    2) Ezhimala, Kerala 
    3) Puri, Odisha 
    4) Tuticorin, Tamil nadu 
    5) Mahabaleswar, Maharashtra
4. Who is IBM CEO?

    1) Satya Nadella   2) Indra Nooyi 
    3) Arvind Krishna 
    4) Ajaypal Singh Banga
    5) Shantanu Narayen
5. Who is the Common wealth Secretary - General hailed India's Fit India Movement?

    1) Rashid Alimov 
    2) Pascal Lamy     
    3) Patricia Scotland
    4) Esala Weerakoon 
    5) Klaus Schwab
6. Hungarian Grand Prix won by ..

    1) Valtteri Bottas 
    2) Michael Schumacher 
    3) Lewis Hamilton      
    4) Daniel Ricciardo 
    5) Sebastian Vettel

 

KEY: 1-1  2-1  3-2  4-3  5-3  6-3
 

Writer: Amara Veeraswamy 
29-7-2020

SIMPLFICATIONS 

 

Model Questions 

 

Directions (Q.No.1-20): What should come in place of question mark (?) in the following questions?


 

9. (6 × 15) − (8 × 6) −18 = ? ÷ 3
      1) 24       2) 64       3) 12       4) 36       5) None
Ans: 5 (None)
Exp:
(6 × 15) − (8 × 6) − 18 = ? ÷ 3
⇒ 90 − 48 − 18 = ? ÷ 3
⇒ ? = 72

 

10. 1587 + 2277 = ? ÷ 69
Ans: 56

Exp:


Ans: 187.5

Exp:

 

ALLIGATION AND MIXTURE

 

Solved Examples

Example 1 :
Gold is 19 times as heavy as water and copper is 9 times as heavy as water. In what ratio must these metals be mixed. so that the mixture may be 12 times as heavy as water.
    (1) 2:3        (2) 3:7      (3) 1:3    (4) 7:3           (5) None of these
Sol. (2)
   Suppose Gold and Copper are taken in the ratio ‘X’ and ‘Y’, then


 

Example 2 :
Several liters of acid were drawn off from a 54 litre vessel full of acid and equal amount of water was added. Again the same volume of the mixture was drawn off and replaced by water. As result now, the vessel contained 24 litres of pure acid. How much of the acid was drawn off initially?
     (1) 12          (2) 16       (3) 18          (4) 24             (5) None of these
Sol. (3)
Let a container contains ‘x’ units of liquid and ‘y’ units of liquid is taken out from it. If this operation is repeatable ‘n’ times. Then the final quantity of the liquid in the 

Example 3 :
A fruit seller has 24 kg of apples. He sales a part of this at a gain of 20% and the balance at loss of 5 %. If on the whole earns a profit of 10 % the amount of apples sold at a loss is
   (1) 9 kg         (2) 9.6 kg        (3) 10.5kg      (4) 11kg        (5) None of these
Sol. (2)

Example 4 :
‘3’ vessel whose capacities are in the ratio of 6 : 3 : 2 are completely filled with milk and water. The ratio of milk and water in the mixture 2:3. 4: 2 and 5 : 2. Taking1/4  of first 1/2 of second and 1/2 of third. New mixture kept in new vessel. What is the percentage of water in the new mixture.
   (1) 42%      (2)     (3) 43%      (4) 40%            (5) None of these
Sol. (2) 

Example 5 :
There is a mixture of alcohol and water containing 60% alcohol. Rahul wants to dilute the mixture to 50% by adding some quantity of water. He added pure alcohol to the mixture, now to get the mixture to 50% diluted. How much water as a fraction of the mixture must be added?

Sol. (3)
Initial quantity of mixture is ‘x’ and quantity of water required to the mixture diluted 50% is ‘y’,


Taking y = k and x = 5k, Quantity of mixture is ‘6k’. Quantity of alcohol is 4k.

EXERCISE

1. There are two vessels A and B. Vessel ‘A’ is containing 40 litres of pure milk and vessel ‘B’ containing 22 litres of pure water. From vessel A, 8 litres of milk is taken out and poured in to vessel ‘B’. Then 6 litres of mixture is taken out and from Vessel B poured into vessel A. What is the ratio of the quantity of pure milk in vessel ‘A’ to the quality of pure water in vessel ‘B’
A: 21 : 11
Sol.
   A = 40 (milk); B = 22 (water)
   From question,
   A = 40 – 8 = 32 litres; B = 8 litres (milk)
   Mixture in vessel ‘B’ = 22 + 8 = 30 litres


 

2. A and B are two alloys of gold and copper prepared by mixing metals in the ratio 7 : 2 and 7 : 11 respectively. If equal quantities of the alloys are melted to form a third alloy ‘C’, the ratio of gold and copper ‘C’ will be
A: 7 : 5
Sol.


3. Four vessels of equal sizes contain mixture of spirit and water. The concentration of spirit in 4 vessels are 60%, 70%, 80% respectively. If all the four mixtures are mixed. Find in the resultant mixture in the ratio spirit to water.
A: 57 : 23
Sol.

4. If 5 kg metal of which 3/5  is Zinc and the rest copper be mixed with 3 kg of metal of which2/3  is Zinc and the rest copper, What is the ratio of Zinc to copper in the mixture.
A: 5 : 3
Sol.
    Quantity of Zinc in the mixture


 Quantity of copper in the metal = 5 + 3 – 5 = 3
   ...  Ratio = 5 : 3.

5. Two casks of 48 and 42 litres are filled with mixtures of wine and water, the proportions in the two casks being respectively 13 : 7 and 18 : 17. If the contents of the two casks be mixed and 20 litres of water added to the whole what will be the proportion of wine to water in the result?
A: 12 : 13
Sol.


  
6. A man mixs ‘6’ litres of milk at Rs.650 per litre with 7 litres at Rs. 600 and with sufficient water to make the average value Rs. 540 per litre. How many litres of water has he added?
A: 2
Sol.
  Let water = x litre
  Cost of ‘6’ litres of milk = 6 × 650 = 3900
   Cost of ‘7’ litres of milk = 7 × 600 = 4200
   Total amount of mixture = 7 + 6 + x = (13 + x) litres
   Total cost of mixture = 3900 + 4200 = 8100
   


7. In on alloy, Zinc and copper are in the ratio 2 : 3. in the second alloy the same elements are in the ratio 4 : 5. In what ratio should these two alloys be mixed to form a new alloy in which the two elements are in the ratio 6 : 5?
A: 25 : 36
Sol.


8. Tejashwini purchased 160 kg of Rice at the rate of Rs. 25 per kg at a profit of 20%. At what rate per kg should she sell the remaining to get a profit of 30% on the total deal?
A: 34
Sol.
    S.P of kg at 20% profit on ‘25’ = Rs. 30
    S.P per at 30% profit on ‘25’ = Rs. 32.5
    Ratio of kg = 60 : 100 = 3 : 5


9. A container contains 8 parts of milk and 4 parts water. How many parts of mixture should be taken out and replaced by water so that container contains half milk and half water.
A: 1/4 
Sol.


10. How much water must be added to a cask containing 40 litres of spirit worth Rs. 15.68 litre to reduce the price to Rs. 12.96 a litre?
A: 8  1/2
Sol.


11. One type of liquid contains 12 1/2 % of milk the other contains 15% of milk. A can is filled with 8 parts of the first liquid and 12 parts of the second liquid. Find the percentage of milk in the new mixture.
   (1) 12%      (2) 13%     (3) 15%     (4) 14%      (5) None of these
A: 5(None of these)
Sol.


12. Weights of two friends Prem and Kalyan are in the ratio of 2 : 3 Prem’s weight increases by
6  1/2  and the weight of Prem & Kalyan together become 41kg, with an increase of 8%. By what percent did the weight of Kalyan increase?
A: 9%
Sol.



13. An 25litres cylinder contains a mixture of oxyzen and nitrozen, the volume of oxyzen being 25% of total volume. A few litres of the mixture is released and an equal amount of nitrozen is added. Then the same amount of mixture as before is released and replaced by nitrozen for the second time. As a result, the oxyzen content becomes 9% of the total volume. How many litres of mixture released each time.
A: 10 lit
Sol.



14. A vessel contains 125 litres of wine. 25 litres of wine was taken out of the vessel and replaced by water. Then 25 litres of mixture was withdrawn and again replaced by water. The operation was repeated for 3rd time. How much time wine is now left the vessel.
A: 64
Sol.


       
15. 19 litres drawn from a vessel full of spirit and filled with water. Then 19 litres of mixture are drawn and the vessel is again filled with water. The ratio of the spirit to water now present in the vessel is 81:19. What is the full capacity of the vessel.
A: 190
Sol.

STREE TO EMPOWER WOMEN!

 

International


India-ASEAN youth dialogue

   The third India-ASEAN youth dialogue was held between 8-10 June 2020. In this dialogue, India and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) pledged to enhance cooperation in ways to effectively and constructively channelizing youthful energy. 
    There was a discussion about the revival and re-establishment of Nalanda University in Bihar as a seat of learning was a big step in the direction towards channelizing youthful energy. 
    Special Courses for Young ASEAN Diplomats, Exchange programmes for young farmers, Media Exchange Programmes also came for discussion during the dialogue. The dialogue also acknowledged the launching of 1,000 PhD fellowships for ASEAN students at the Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs).


India and Laos

  India and Laos exchanged views on the health and economic challenges posed by the global COVID-19 pandemic. The Prime Minister of India commended the effective measures undertaken by the Government of Laos to contain the spread of the pandemic in Laos. Laos Prime Minister Dr. Thongloun Sisoulith thanked Indian Prime Minister for India’s support for the development of Laos in capacity building and scholarships.


Annual Cost of Living Survey 

  Hong Kong was named the most expensive city in the world for the expats mainly due to its high housing prices as per the annual Mercer’s 26th annual cost of living survey. Ashgabat (Turkmenistan) and Tokyo (Japan) got second and third position respectively.  
    The survey measures the cost of 200 items in 209 cities. These items include housing, transportation, food, clothing, household goods and entertainment. Mumbai is the 60th most expensive city for expatriates globally. 
    Tunis in Tunisia, Windhoek (Namibia), Tashkent (Uzbekistan), Bishkek (Kyrgyzstan) and Karachi (Pakistan) were ranked at the bottom as the least expensive cities in the world.

 

EXIM bank LOC to Malawi

    Export-Import Bank of India (Exim Bank) extended Line of Credit (LOC) of $ 215.68 million to the Government of the Republic of Malawi for drinking water supply schemes and other development projects. By this, the Exim Bank placed 260 LOCs, covering 62 countries in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), with credit commitments of around $ 25.68 billion.
 

Environment Performance Index 

India ranks 168th out of the 180 countries in the 12th Environment Performance Index (EPI) released by Yale and Columbia universities.  Denmark topped the list. The index is based on 32 performance indicators across 11 categories. India performed the worst regionally on all five key parameters for environmental health-sanitation, drinking water, air quality, heavy metals, and waste management. The index becomes an important tool for assessing countries’ progress with regards to Sustainable Development Goals. EPI rankings highlighted the environmental challenges that India faces. India needs to focus on fixing air & water quality and biodiversity. Beyond providing issue-by-issue and country-by-country results, the 2020 EPI offers new insights into the factors associated with success on environmental sustainability goals.

 

National


STREE

 Hyderabad City Security Council (HCSC) in association with Hyderabad City Police launched a programme 'STREE' (She Triumphs through Respect, Equality, and Empowerment) in a bid to support and empower women against domestic violence and abuse. The programme aims to create a platform for women from various walks of the community to come together. It is a joint forum for women and Police to work together on issues of safety and security of women and girl. This programme creates awareness among the women on their rights, entitlements, laws and support systems available while building a network of partners to ensure women's safety, equality and empowerment.


Captain Arjun

  Central Railway zone launched Robotic ‘Captain Arjun’ to intensify the screening and surveillance. Captain Arjun ((Always be Responsible and Just Use to be Nice) is equipped with a motion sensor, one PTZ camera and one Dome camera. The cameras use artificial intelligence algorithms to track suspicious and antisocial activities in the railway station. It has thermal screening and records the temperature in a digital display panel. It is also having a sensor-based sanitizer and mask dispenser and can speak in the local language.


NIRF Rankings 2020

 On 11 June 2020, the Union Human Resource Development minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank released the fifth National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) Ranking 2020. IIT Madras topped the list, followed by IISc Bengaluru and IIT Delhi in the ‘overall category’. 
    In the Engineering stream, IIT Madras, IIT Delhi and IIT Bombay got first three ranks whereas in the management category IIM Ahmedabad, IIM Bangalore, IIM Calcutta topped the list. 
    In the University rankings, IISc Bengaluru Jawaharla Nehru University Delhi and Benaras Hindu Universities got first three ranks. Amrita Vidya Vishwapeetham got 4th rank. For the first time, dental colleges have also been ranked this year. Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Science, Delhi bagged the first rank. AIIMS New Delhi topped the list of medical colleges in India.

 

Aarogya Path

  The government of India launched a national healthcare supply chain portal ‘Aarogya Path’, to provide real-time availability of critical healthcare supplies. In the times of COVID-19 pandemic nationwide, the ability to produce and deliver the critical items may be delayed due to a variety of reasons.
    Aarogya P.ath helps manufacturers and suppliers to reach a wide network of customers efficiently, overcoming gaps in connectivity between them and potential demand centers like nearby pathological laboratories, medical stores, hospitals. 


Others


World Food Safety Day

   World Food Safety Day is celebrated on 7th June to draw global attention to the health consequences of contaminated food. This year theme is 'Food safety, everyone's business'. On this eve, the World Health Organization (WHO) had given a call to promote global food safety awareness.     
    Food safety has a critical role in assuring that food stays safe at every stage of the food chain - from production to harvest, processing, storage, distribution, all the way to preparation and consumption. 
Food safety is a shared responsibility in which everybody has a role to play.


World Food Prize

 Indian American Soil scientist Dr. Rattan Lal was conferred with the prestigious World Food Prize 2020. He is an expert in soil science by helping millions of small farmers around the world with his work on increasing food production and recycling of nutrients. 
    He invented many soil-saving techniques that benefit the livelihoods of more than 500 million smallholder farmers by saving hundreds of millions of hectares of natural tropical ecosystems. 
    The World Food Prize was created by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Norman Borlaug in 1986 to recognize scientists and others who have improved the quality and availability of food and the recipient gets $2,50,000.


Richard Dawkins Award

    The famous lyricist and screenwriter Javed Akhtar became the first Indian to win the Richard Dawkins Award. The award will be given to a distinguished individual from the worlds of science, scholarship, education, or entertainment. The award was instituted by the Center for Inquiry (CFI).  
    The award named after British evolutionary biologist and author Richard Dawkins, known for his landmark book “The Selfish Gene” and his advocacy of atheism and scientific thinking. 

 

Model Questions


1.     Gairsain (Bhararisen) was declared as the summer capital of..
    1) Chhattisgarh          2) Uttarakhand      3) Jharkhand        4) Himachal Pradesh  
    5) Haryana 

 

2.     Who was appointed as the new Ambassador and Permanent Representative of India (PRI) to the World Trade Organization (WTO)?
    1) Vasudha Mishra            2) Pratibha Parker       
    3) Brajendra Navnit          4) Periasamy Kumaran
    5) Deepak Mittal

 

3.     Among the bigger states, which state got top rank in the Food Safety Index, released by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI)?
    1) Gujarat                       2) Tamil Nadu        
    3) Maharashtra            4) Andhra Pradesh      
    5) Telangana

 

4.     Who was appointed as senior advisor to the Executive Director (ED) World Bank recently?
    1) Govinda Rajulu Chintala      2) Anil Kishora     
    3) Rajeev Topno     4) Birupaksha Mishra   5) Sanjay Agarwal

 

5.     In the QS World University Ranking 2021, which Indian University/ Institution grabbed the 172 rank?
    1) IISC Bengaluru    2) IIT Delhi      3) IIT Ropar     4) IIT Bombay    5) IIT Hyderabad

 

6.     Indian Navy opened Deep Submergence Rescue Vehicle Complex recently in…
    1) Chennai    2) Kochi     3) Mumbai      4) Visakhapatnam    5) Cuttack

 

7.     World Day Against Child Labour observed on …
    1) 1 July     2) 8 June    3) 12 June    4) 22 June     5) 2 June

 

8.     Which state got first rank in wheat procurement on support price by purchasing over 1.27 crore tonnes from farmers, which accounts for 33 % of all wheat procured in the ountry
    1) Rajasthan     2) Uttar Padesh       
    3) Madhya Pradesh      4) Punjab    5) Haryana

 

9.     What is the theme of World Ocean Day (WOD) 2020 that observed on 8th June every year?
    1) Oceans are the Life    2) Ocean and Climate
    3) Innovation for a Sustainable Ocean.    4) Diversity and the Safety of Ocean     5) Blue Revolution and SDG

 

Key: 1-2 2-3 3-1 4-3 5-4 6-4 7-3 8-3 9-3


Writer: Amara Veeraswamy 

17-6-2020

UN GOODWILL AMBASSADOR FOR POOR?

 

National


Extension of repayment date forshort term loans 

Union Cabinet agreed to extend repayment date up to 31 August 2020 for standard short-term loans up to Rs.3 lakh advanced by banks for agriculture and allied activities. 
    This facility is available for loans that are due or shall become due between 1 March 2020 and 31 August 2020 with continued benefit of 2% Interest Subvention (to Banks and 3% Prompt Repayment Incentive to farmers.


KCC campaign for dairy farmers

As a part of the Prime Minister’s Atma Nirbhar Bharat package, the union government  initiated a special drive that provides Kisan Credit Cards (KCC) to 1.5 crore dairy farmers belonging to milk unions and milk producing companies within the next two months (1st June-31st July 2020).
    Finance Minister on 15 May 2020 announced to cover 2.5 crore new farmers under the KCC scheme. Initially, the focus stressed on those farmers who are members of dairy cooperative societies and associated with different Milk Unions and who do not have KCC.

 

TULIP

 The Urban Learning Internship Program (TULIP)’ is a program for providing internship opportunities to fresh graduates in all Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and Smart Cities across the country was launched by the government of India. TULIP program will be instrumental in laying the foundation of New India, as it will provide practical experience to students and will help infuse fresh ideas and innovative thinking into the working of Urban Local Bodies and smart cities. It was launched by the Ministry of Human Resources Development and Urban Affairs. It is expected that 25,000 fresh graduates will receive an opportunity of internship in the first year itself, which fulfill 1 crore successful internships by the year 2025.


“SWADES”

 SWADES (Skilled Workers Arrival Database for Employment Support) was launched by the ministries of skill development & entrepreneurship, civil aviation and external affairs to create a database of qualified citizens returning to India under the Vande Bharat Mission. That means the SWADES is the skill-mapping exercise of the citizens returning to the country. They are required to fill an online SWADES Skills Card. The information collected will be shared with companies for suitable placement opportunities.  Vande Bharat Mission is the initiation of the government of India to bring back stranded Indian nationals home during  coronavirus-induced lockdown from other countries.


Digital Summit

Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) organized the Digital Summit on Exports through video conference. Union Minister for Commerce and Industry and Railways Piyush Goyal participated and the EXIM Bank of India was the Institutional Partner for the Summit. The minister identified there are three important ways to increase India’s exports. They are reviving manufacturing, diversifying the exports basket and finding newer and more accepting markets.
    He congratulated CII on completing 125 years and the launch of the Taskforce on Enhancing Exports through integration into the Global Value Chains (GVCs).


International


First commercial space travel

SpaceX became the first private company to launch human beings into orbit. The rocket named Falcon 9 and the spaceship named Crew Dragon built by SpaceX lifted off from launch complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Centre, carried two NASA astronauts, Robert Behnken and Douglas Hurley.
    The launch marked the dawn of a new age in commercial space travel. 
    It was the first time that astronauts used a spaceship built and launched by a private company.
    The mission is expected to last 30-90 days, following which the two astronauts will depart from the International Space Station by boarding the Crew Dragon. 
    The Crew Dragon capsule will splashdown in the Atlantic Ocean and will be recovered by the Go Navigator Recovery Vessel.

 

Expansion of G7

  Donald Trump conveyed his intention to expand the ambit of the G-7 beyond the existing membership, to include other important countries including India. He invited Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi to attend the next G-7 summit to be held in the USA. 
    The summit must be held in June but postponed till September due to COVID 19.
    PM Modi complimented President Trump for his creative and far-sighted approach, acknowledging the fact that such an expanded forum would be in keeping with the emerging realities of the post-COVID world.

 

UNADAP Ambassador for poor

 UNADAP (United Nations Association for Development and Peace) appointed a thirteen-year old Madurai girl Nethra from Tamilnadu as Goodwill Ambassador for poor.
    It was in recognition of her role in feeding the poor during the COVID-19 lockdown by her father, a hairdresser by profession. 
    The family running a saloon spends the savings of Rs 5 lakh on the hapless migrant labourers, who are hit hard by the Coronavirus-induced lockdown. 

 

Global Vaccine Summit

  On 4 June 2020, the Global Vaccine Summit hosted by UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson and attended by PM Narender Modi. On this eve, Modi said that his government launched Mission Indradhanush, which aims to ensure full vaccination of the country’s children and pregnant women.
    In the summit, India pledged to contribute $ 15 million to Gavi, which is an International Vaccine Alliance which co-ordinates vaccinations across the world.  India is fortunate to contribute to the immunization of about 60 per cent of the world's children.

 

Startup ecosystem ranking

 India’s rank down from 17th position in 2019 to 23rd this year out of 100 countries in the startup ecosystem. The ranking was given by the global innovation mapping and Research Company StartupBlink, which gathers local data of every country to rank their startup ecosystem based on the quality of startups,  usiness environment coupled with the quantity. StartupBlink observed that India continues to face  infrastructure problems affecting entrepreneurs and startups. The problems ranging from low internet speed, power cuts etc.

 

India and Bhutan

  On 3 June 2020, the Union cabinet chaired by PM Modi approved a MoU between India and Bhutan for environment protection and cooperation in the areas concerning air quality, waste, chemical management and climate change.
    The MoU enables the establishment and promotion of closer and long-term cooperation between the two countries in the field of environment protection and management of natural resources based on equity, reciprocity and mutual benefits. It also facilitates the exchange of experiences, best practices and technical know-how through both public and private sectors and shall contribute to sustainable development.
Akshay in highest-paid celebrities
    Akshay Kumar is the only Indian found place in the Forbes 2020 list of World’s 100 Highest-Paid Celebrities announced recently. Forbes called Akshay as Bollywood’s top-earning star who got 52nd rank.  Kylie Jenner, an American media personality, socialite, model, and businesswoman topped the list. Kylie earned $590 million, whereas Akshay earned $ 48.5 million. 

 

Others


Commonwealth Short Story Prize


   Indian writer Kritika Pandey won the prestigious honour of the regional award for Asia in Commonwealth Short Story Prize in 2020.  
    The award conferred on her for her short story “The Great Indian Tee and Snakes”. It talks about love in an age of hatred and prejudice. 
    The Commonwealth Short Story Prize is awarded for the best unpublished short fiction. 

 

World No Tobacco day


    World No Tobacco day observed on 31 May annually to spread awareness and educate people about its harmful effects on the health of a person. 
    The Theme of World No Tobacco Day is "Protecting youth from industry manipulation and preventing them from tobacco and nicotine use". 
    The observation encourages the governments around the world to put policies into action that help to reduce smoking and the use of other tobacco products.
    World Health Organization (WHO) conferred World No Tobacco Day Award 2020 to Socio-Economic and Educational Development Society, an Indian non-governmental organization (NGO) for its efforts to ban pan masala, gutkha, e-cigarettes and hookah in Bihar and Jharkhand.

 

Model Questions


1.     Union Cabinet agreed to rename Kolkata Port as …………….
    1) Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port    
    2) Abdul Kalam Port  
    3) Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose Port    
    4) Indira Gandhi Port  
    5) Jyothi Basu Port

 

2.     World environment day celebrated on………..
    1) 1 June     2) 4 June     3) 5 June    4) 8 June    5) 31 May 

 

3.     New Vice President and Chief Economist of the World Bank Group is..?
    1) Abhijit  Banerjee     2) Janet  Yellen         
    3) Esther Duflo     4) Carmen Reinhart      5) Paul krugman