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Keep soil alive..  protect soil biodiversity!

1. RBI declared that all branches of Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd. operate as branches of DBS Bank India Ltd. from 27 November 2020. Who is the present MD & CEO of DBS Bank India Ltd?
1) Rajesh Prabhu           2) Preeti Priya
3) Surojit Shome            4) Ravindra Bahl
5) Vikram Sud


2. RBI announced to increase the limit for contactless card transactions to…………..from Rs. 2,000 per transaction  from 1 January 2021
1) Rs. 10,000            2) Rs. 15,000
3) Rs. 5,000              4) Rs. 20,000
5) Rs. 25,000


3. As per monetary policy review statement announced by RBI governor on 4 December 2020, Real GDP growth projection for FY 21 revised to ………
1) −7.5%       2) −5.5%       3) −6.5%    4) −8.5%      5) −4.5%


4. The RBI projected CPI inflation at  …………..Q3 of FY 21
1) 4.8%     2) 1.5%     3) 8.4%     4) 3.8%     5) 6.8%


5. Banks can avail funds from RBI   under TLTRO to invest in sectors   under ECLGS 2.0 as per the recent   decision of RBI. In this context what  stands for ‘R’ in TLTRO?
1) Rupee      2) Repo     3) Real    4) Rule     5) Raise


6. Asian Development Bank on 20  November 2020 said it approved $   50 million loan to improve operational   efficiencies and resource  planning and management in…
1) West Bengal          2) Odisha             3) AP
4) Tamil Nadu            5) Chhattisgarh


7. The latest Policy rates and Reserve    Ratios of RBI are given, after declaration    of monetary policy review.   The wrong option is…………
1) Repo Rate : 4.00%     

2) Reverse Repo Rate : 3.35%     

3) Marginal Standing Facility  Rate : 4.25% 

4) Cash Reserve Ratio : 3.00%

5) All of above correct


8. RBI decided to make RTGS available round the clock on all days of the year with effect from …………
1) 25 December 2020
2) 31 December 2020
3) 14 December 2020
4) 14 January 2021
5) 1 February 2021


9. Which international monetary authority promised a loan of $132.8 million loan to Meghalaya to strengthen and modernize the distribution network and improve the
quality of power supplied to households, industries, and businesses on 1 December 2020?
1) AIIB      2) NDB     3) ADB     4) World Bank    5) USAID


10. On 25 November 2020, PM Modi released a special stamp and Rs. 100 commemorate coin on the foundation day of which university/ college/ Institution?
1) Jawaharlal Nehru University
2) Indian Institute of Science
3) IIT Delhi

4) St.Stephen’s College
5) Lucknow University


11. International Day of Banks is observed globally on…………
1) 1 December       2) 8 December
3) 10 December     4) 4 December
5) 11 December


12. World’s first central bank to have over 1 million followers on Twitter is......
1) Sveriges Riksbank, Sweden
2) People’s Bank of China, China
3) RBI, India
4) BangkoSentral ng Pilipinas,Philippines
5) State Bank of Pakistan, Pakistan


13. USA President-elect Joe Biden named whom as his nominee for treasury secretary? If confirmed by the Senate, she would be the first woman ever to hold the post.
1) Janet Yellen           2) Mala Adiga
3) Neera Tanden       4) Jen Psaki
5) Kate Bedingfield


14. RBI ordered which bank to suspend planned digital launches and the addition of fresh credit card customers, following frequent outages in online services ?
1) SBI      2) RBL Bank     3) HDFC Bank   4) YES Bank     5) Union Bank of India


15. To empower MSMEs with instant   digital loans, Suryoday Small  Finance Bank announced partnership  with…………….
1) Amazon Pay       2) Mobikwik       3) PhonePe   

4) G-Pay                 5) Paytm


16. ‘Ek Parivar Ek Bank’ is the punch   line of ……………
1) Bank of India        2) Dhanlaxmi Bank       3) Punjab National Bank

4) ICICI                     5) Bank of Maharashtra


17. Which international monetary organization  allocated $20.3 million aid  to its developing member countries  to access coronavirus vaccine on  17 November 2020?
1) AIIB     2) IDA    3) ADB   4) NDB    5) IMF


18. Who is the chairman of Indian Oil  Corporation appointed as the first  Vice-president of World Liquefied  Petroleum Gas Association  (WLPGA)?
1) PVG Menon                 2) Rajiv Jalota   3) Shrikant Madhav Vaidya
4) Akshay Kumar Singh   5) Sanjay Kumar Mishra


19. BRICS Economic Research Award   2020, declared by EXIM Bank  India conferred on……….
1) Dr. Dinesh Katre
2) Dr. Adam Yao Liu
3) Mark Carney

4) Seema Gupta
5) Aditya Puri


20. Which two nations are the biggest  contributors towards FDI equity  inflows to India as per the data  published by the Department for  Promotion of Industry and  Internal Trade (DIPP) between April and September 2020?
1) UK and USA
2) France and USA
3) Singapore and USA
4) Singapore and Mauritius
5) USA and Japan


21. Which day celebrated as ‘Awaas Diwas’ to commemorate the launch of PMAY-G, which aims to provide “Housing for All” by 2022?
1) 1 December     2) 14 December    3) 20 November

4) 30 November   5) 5 December


22. Which railway station renamed as  Mahadevappa Mailara Railway  Station in Karnataka?
1) Raichur                         2) Mandya     3) Haveri
4) Subramanya Road       5) Hassan


23. Who launched ANANDA (Atma Nirbhar Agents New Business Digital Application), a digital application for agents for onboarding to get a life insurance policy?
1) SBI Life                        2) HDFC Life      3) LIC
4) ICICI Prudential Life    5) Sri Ram Life Insurance


24. On 25 November 2020, who  launched the Securities Market  Trainers (SMARTs) program, an  initiative aimed at enhancing investor education and awareness?
1) RBI      2) BSE     3) NSE
4) SBI      5) SEBI


25. On 1 December 2020, which state  launched the biggest-ever DirectBenefit Transfer (DBT) scheme  called 'Orunodoi', aiming to cover 22 lakh families by transferring  Rs. 830 per month to the account  of one of the female members of the family?
1) Odisha    2) UP   3) West Bengal   4) Tamil Nadu   5) Assam


26. Uday Shankar was elected as the  new president of …………..
1) FICCI   2) NHB   3) ASOCHAM  4) CII   5) Exim Bank


27. Which North Eastern state was  conferred with four awards for its  more success in the fishery sector  by National Fisheries Development  Board?
1) West Bengal   2) Andhra Pradesh   3) Assam           

4) Maharashtra   5) Karnataka


28. Which nation declared a climate emergency on 2 December 2020 and pledged that its public sector would become carbon neutral by 2025?
1) USA    2) Russia  3) New Zealand 4) Norway  5) Sweden


29. Government of India appointed whom as the new Chairperson of National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)?
1) PD Vaghela   2) Varsha Joshi
3) Sahil Seth     4) Abhas Jha
5) SN Shrivastava


30. Union government unveiled which scheme to impart training to primary cooperative societies in rural areas on 24 November 2020?
1) Sahakar Pragya   2) ARYA    3) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana
4) ASPIRE               5) Nai Udaan


31. Who is Comptroller & Auditor General of India, elected as External Auditor of Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU), Geneva for a three-year term.
1) K K Venugopal
2) Pradeep Kumar Joshi
3) Girish Chandra Murmu
4) Harsh Vardhan Shringla
5) Desh Deepak Verma


32. India gets which rank in the renewable power capacity as per the statement given by PM Modi in the RE-Invest 2020 meet on 26 Nov 2020?
1) 2nd   2) 7th    3) 10th    4) 4th    5) 8th


33. "Keep soil alive, protect soil biodiversity" is the theme of World Soil Day observed on…
1) 5 December     2) 10 December
3) 7 December     4) 1 December
5) 3 December


34. Uttar Pradesh Cabinet cleared the proposal to rename which airport as Maryada Purushottam Sri Ram Airport?
1) Ayodhya    2) Lucknow    3) Mathura
4) Varanasi    5) Shravasti


35. Government of India is working on an idea to set up a refinery for production of aviation fuel from bamboo grown in the Gadchiroli district of………….
1) Karnataka    2) Maharashtra
3) Jharkhand   4) Arunachal Pradesh
5) Tripura


36. NITI Aayog formed a panel to study feasibility of hyperloop technology in India under the chairmanship of………..
1) Ajay Bhushan Pandey
2) Krishnamurthy Subramanian
3) Karnal Singh

4) VK Saraswat
5) Vinod Kumar Yadav


37. Reliance Industries got first rank in the Fortune 500 list of Indian firms. Which company got second rank?
1) ONGC   2) TATA Motors   3) IOC   4) TCS   5) ICICI Bank


38. Which Municipal Corporation bonds on 2 December 2020, became the first municipal bonds from North India listed on Bombay Stock Exchange?
1) Mumbai    2) Delhi    3) Lucknow   4) Kolkata    5) Pune

 

Key

1-3  2-3  3-1  4-5  5-2  6-1  7-5  8-3  9-3  10-5  11-4  12-3  13-1  14-3  15-5  16-5  17-3  18-3  19-2  20-3  21-3  22-3  23-3  24-5  25-5  26-1  27-3  28-3  29-2  30-1  31-3 

32-4  33-1  34-1  35-2  36-4  37-3  38-3

Countries and Currencies

Country Currency
» India       Rupee    
Israel     Shekel    
Japan     Yen
Russia     Rouble
U.K.  Pound Sterling 
 U.S.A    Dollar    
Afghanistan     Afghani    
Algeria    Algeria Dinar    
Angola    New Kwanza  
Armenia  Dram    
 Austria   Schilling    
Argentina   Peso    
Australia    Australian Dollar    
Azerbaijan   Manat    
Bahrain    Dinar 
Bangladesh  Taka  
Bhutan  Ngultrum 
Brazil   Cruzeiro Real    
Bulgaria     Lev  
China   Yuan/Renminbi    
Columbia    Peso 
Costa Rica    Colon    

'CHAMPIONS'  IS THE PLATFORM FOR..?

Model Questions

1. Who is re-elected for second term as the president of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) with effect from Jan 16, 2021?
    1) David Malpass 
    2) Kristalina Georgieva 
    3) Jin Liqun     
    4) Masatsugu Asakawa
    5) K.V.Kamath

 

2. 5th Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of AIIB was held virtually recently in…
    1) New Delhi, India  
    2) Brasilia, Brazil     
    3) Moscow, Russia 
    4) Tokyo, Japan    
    5) Beijing, China

 

3. What is the theme of 5th Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of AIIB held recently?
    1) ''AIIB for the achievements of 2020 SDG as urgency''
    2) ''AIIB - The functionalities to reduce Covid - 19''
    3) ''AIIB 2030 - Supporting Asia’s Development over the Next Decade''
    4) ''AIIB 2050 - Drastic approach for the unanimity in 2030 SDG''
    5) ''AIIB 2045 - Interest of the Humanity for survival to achieve the SDG''

 

4. 6th annual meeting of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) in 2021 will be hosted by....
    1) UAE         2) India      3) Singapore 
    4) Malaysia 5) Philippines

 

5. In the month of June 2020, the AIIB approved ….... loan to India for Covid-19 response.
    1) $ 150 million       2) $ 250 million 
    3) $ 50 million        4) $ 750 million 
    5) $ 350 million

 

6. On 28 July 2020, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a ….... grant to India from its Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund (APDRF) to further support the government's emergency response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
    1) $ 1 million             2) $ 2 million 
    3) $ 4 million             4) $ 5 million 
    5) $ 3 million

 

7. Ashok Lavasa, the Election Commissioner of India was appointed as vice president for Private Sector Operations and Public-Private Partnerships in ......
    1) ADB      2) AIIB      3) World Bank 
    4) European Development Bank 
    5) New Development Bank

 

8. To ensure quality education for the out-of-school and at-risk children in the primary level, ADB made agreement with Qatar-based 'Education Above All' (EAA) Foundation to work jointly for project worth of……
    1) $ 10 million          2) $ 200 million 
    3) $ 300 million        4) $ 700 million
    5) $ 100 million

 

9. On 28 May 2020, ADB signed a 
$ 177 million loan to upgrade 450 km of state highways and major district roads in….....
    1) Bihar                     2) Rajasthan 
    3) Andhra Pradesh     4) Telangana 
    5) Maharashtra

 

10. Who is the president of ADB?
    1) Werner Hoyer 
    2) Christine Lagarde 
    3) Masatsugu Asakawa 
    4) Jerome Powell
    5) Gita Gopinath

 

11. RBI signed an agreement for extending a ...... currency swap facility with Sri Lanka.
    1) $ 100 million       2) $ 500 million 
    3) $ 400 million       4) $ 600 million
    5) $ 10 million

 

12. Who written the book 'Overdraft : Saving the Indian Saver'?
    1) Shakthikanth Das 
    2) C.Ranga Rajan         3) Urjit Patel 
    4) Raghuram Rajan
    5) B.P. Kanungo

 

13. Which Ex-Deputy governor of RBI written the book ''Quest for Restoring Financial Stability in India''?
    1) N. S. Vishwanathan 
    2) S. S. Mundra      
    3) Viral Acharya           4) R. Gandhi 
    5) Harun R. Khan

 

14. FamPay launched numberless card targeted at teenagers. This card has been launched in partnership with
    1) IDFC Bank       2) ICICI Bank           3) SBI           4) Union Bank of India     5) YES bank

 

15. Which district tops in NITI Aayog's 
(National Institution for Transforming India) overall delta ranking of aspirational districts for February - June 2020?
    1) Sri Potti Sriramulu Nellore, Andhra Pradesh 
    2) East Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh 
    3) Bijapur, Chhattisgarh 
    4) Begusarai, Bihar 
    5) Devbhoomi Dwarka, Gujarat

 

16. Which agency released India VNR 2020 report titled 'Decade of Action: Taking SDGs from Global to Local'?
    1) National Institute of Nutrition 
    2) RBI                      3) NITI Aayog 
    4) Financial Stability and Development Council 
    5) Indian Council for Cultural Relations

 

17. To develop a pathway to have a low-carbon emission transport system in India, NITI Aayog in collaboration with ITF launched the ''Decarbonising Transport in India''. In this context, ITF stands for..
    1) Invention Transport Forum 
    2) International Tourism Forum
    3) International Transport Front 
    4) International Tour Forum
    5) International Transport Forum

 

18. Who is the Chairman of NITI Aayog?
    1) President          2) Vice-President 
    3) Prime Minister 
    4) Finance Minister   
    5) RBI Governor

 

19. Who is the Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog?
    1) Nirmala Sitha Raman 
    2) Shaktikanta Das 
    3) Rajiv Kumar 
    4) Ratan P Watal 
    5) V K Saraswat

 

20. The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of NITI Aayog is ....
    1) Kapil Dev Tripathi  2) P.K. Mishra 
    3) Nripendra Mishra  4) Rajiv Gauba
    5) Amitabh Kant


21. SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) restructured Advisory Committee on Mutual Funds under the Chairmanship of …
    1) Gurumoorthy Mahalingam 
    2) S.K Mohanty      3) Ananta Barua 
    4) Usha Thorat       5) KVR Murthy

 

22. Who is the chairman of the SEBI panel suggested the measures to strengthen enforcement, recovery mechanism?
    1) Justice Madan Lokur 
    2) Justice Indu Malhotra 
    3) Justice Anil Dave 
    4) Justice K G Balakrishnan 
    5) Justice Deepak Mishra

 

23. To provide a single platform for research internships, capacity building programs, and workshops across the country, which scheme was launched by the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB)?
    1) 'Vigyan Kundali' 
    2) 'Vignan Aamodan' 
    3) 'Add on Vigyan'
    4) 'Vigyan Pradarsan' 
    5) 'Accelerate Vigyan'

 

24. Turkmenistan got observer status in World Trade Organization (WTO). Who is the Director General of WTO?
    1) Klaus Schwab   2) Achim Steiner 
    3) Li Yong             4) Inger Andersen
    5) Roberto Azevedo

 

25. Competition Commission of India (CCI) approved the acquisition of Krishnapatnam Port Company Limited by..… 
    1) Dakshin Bharat Gateway Terminal Pvt. Ltd
    2) Gujarat Pipavav Port Ltd.
    3) Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited
    4) Chennai Container Terminal Pvt. Ltd.
    5) Ennore Tank Terminals Private Limited

 

26. Roshni Nadar Malhotra became first woman chairperson of which Indian IT firm?
    1) Infosys Ltd 
    2) Oracle Financial Services Software Ltd 
    3) HCL Technologies
    4) Tech Mahindra 
    5) 1 to 9 Solutions

 

27. Which government launched 'Paudhe Lagao, Paryavaran Bachao' campaign, a mega tree plantation drive to reduce pollution?
    1) Bihar       2) Rajasthan     3) Delhi 
    4) Uttar Pradesh 
    5) Jammu and Kashmir

 

28. 'Balaram Yojana' launched by … with an aim to provide agricultural credit of Rs.1,040 crores to landless farmers who are facing problems due to COVID-19.
    1) Bihar    2) Odisha    3) Rajasthan 
    4) Uttar Pradsh           5) Gujarat

 

29. PM Modi launched the technology platform CHAMPIONS (Creation and Harmonious Application of Modern Processes for Increasing the Output and National Strength) for……
    1) MSME Sector 
    2) Aviation Industry     
    3) Hospitality Sector 
    4) Education Sector
    5) Diamond Industry

 

30. Which bank in collaboration with TransUnion CIBIL launched financial knowledge platform named ''MSMESaksham'' for MSMEs?
    1) RBI        2) NABARD     3) SIDBI 
    4) EXIM Bank                   5) SBI

 

31. Who is the chairman of SIDBI (Small Industrial Development Bank of India)?
    1) Ajay Tyagi         2) Ashok Guptha 
    3) Mohammad Mustafa 
    4) Subhash C. Khuntia 
    5) Ram Sewak Sharma

 

32. Which feature of United Payments Interface (UPI), the one-stop fintech payment solution was launched by National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) at Global Fintech Festival 2020 held recently?
    1) UPI AIPay           2) UPI NoPay 
    3) UPI AutoPay       4) UPI GoPay 
    5) UPI RBIPay

 

33. RBI set up a high-level committee to study the use of Quick Response (QR) codes to process contactless transactions under the chairmanship of…
    1) Sudhir Shrivastava 
    2) Usha Thorat 
    3) Deepak B. Phatak 
    4) N K Singh 
    5) Arundhathi Bhattacharya

 

34. 'INSTA CLICK SAVINGS ACCOUNT', the 100% paperless digital self-assisted online savings account recently launched by..
    1) SBI          2) Bank of Maharastra 
    3) Axis bank 4) Bank of Baroda
    5) HDFC bank

 

35. A payment bank launched 'Bhavishya' savings account scheme for minors aged between 10-18 years. It is…
    1) Fino Payments Bank 
    2) India Post Payments Bank
    3) Paytm Payments Bank 
    4) Airtel Payments Bank
    5) Jio Payments Bank

 

KEY: 1-3 2-5 3-3 4-1 5-4 6-5 7-1 8-5 9-5 10-3 11-3 12-3 13-3 14-1 15-3 16-3 17-5 18-3 19-3 20-5 21-4 22-3 23-5 24-5  25-3 26-3 27-3 28-2 29-1 30-3
31-3  32-3 33-3 34-4 35-1.

 

WORLD PUBLIC SERVICE DAY OBSERVED ON..

National

SATYABHAMA portal


    To promote research and development in the mining and minerals sector, Union Minister for Coal, Mines and Parliamentary Affairs Pralhad Joshi launched SATYABHAMA (Science and Technology Yojana for Aatmanirbhar Bharat in Mining Advancement) Portal for Science and Technology Programme Scheme on 15 June 2020.
    SATYABHAMA Portal allows online submission of project proposals along with monitoring of the projects and utilization of funds/grants. 
    The researchers can also submit progress reports and final technical reports of the projects in the electronic format in the portal. The minister requested the scientists and researchers in the mining and mineral sector to undertake qualitative and innovative research and development work for 'AatmaNirbhar Bharat'. 

YUKTI 2.0


    “YUKTI 2.0” – (Young India combating COVID with Knowledge, Technology and Innovation 2.0), a platform to support the startups incubated in the institutes of higher education over the virtual platform was launched by the Union Minister of Human Resource Development Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' on 23 June 2020.
    It helps in fostering the innovation and entrepreneurship culture in the academic institutions. Its main objective is to understand the technologies which have commercial potential and information associated with startups incubated in the institutes of higher education. On 11 April 2020, the minister launched ‘YUKTI’ to identify ideas relevant in COVID pandemic. 
Atma Nirbhar Uttar Pradesh Rojgar Yojana
    On 26 June 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched 'Atma Nirbhar Uttar Pradesh Rojgar Yojana', the Uttar Pradhesh's mega employment scheme to provide jobs to migrant workers Via video conference.
    This yojana focused on generating employment for those migrant workers of Uttar Pradesh state, who recently returned from other states.

 

PM CARES Fund


    Union government declared to allocate Rs.3,000 crore from PM CARES for ventilator supply and migrants welfare. Rs. 2,000 crore will be spent in the procurement of 50,000 Made-in-India ventilators to Government-run COVID hospitals in all States/Union Territories.
    The Indian companies involved in manufacturing the ventilators include the Bharat Electronics Limited, the AgVa Healthcare and the AMTZ Basic. Rs. 1,000 crore allocated for the welfare of migrant labour. The fund can be spent on arranging accommodation, food, medical treatment and transportation of the migrants. The Prime Minister is the ex-officio Chairman of the PM CARES Fund. It was established as a public charitable trust.  

 

IN-SPACe


    The union government will constitute Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe) for effective socio-economic usage of space technology. The above decision taken by the union cabinet chaired by the PM Narender Modi and approved the participation of the private sector in the entire range of space activities, including planetary exploration missions. IN-SPACe will provide a level playing field for private companies to use Indian space infrastructure. 


Annual TB Report 2020


    Central TB Division of Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare released the Annual “India TB (Tuberculosis) Report 2020” on June 24th. As per this report, there were around 24.04 lakh TB patients in 2019, a 14% increase compared to the previous year. Due to easy availability of molecular diagnostics, the proportion of children  diagnosed with TB increased to 8 percent in 2019 compared to 6 percent in 2018. More than 4.5 lakh lakh DOT (Directly observed treatment) Centers provide treatment covering almost every village across the country. 

International 

VaYU


    “Vivekananda Yoga University” (VaYU), the World’s first Yoga University outside India was launched on June 23rd by the Union Minister of State of External Affairs P P Chaudhary in Los Angeles, United States of America. Founded on the principles of Swami Vivekananda's love for universal welfare, VaYU will offer online graduate programmes based on scientific principles and modern research approaches to yoga. The programmes combine scientific principles and modern research approaches to the ancient Indian practice of yoga. H R Nagendra, the Chancellor of Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana (SVYASA) is the first Chairman of VaYU.


Conference for UNRWA


    Union Minister of State for External Affairs V Muraleedharan participated in the Extraordinary Virtual Ministerial Pledging Conference for UNRWA. He announced the $ 10 million to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) over the coming two years.
    When few nations withdrew funding, India had stepped up its annual pledge from $ 1.25 million to $ 5 million in 2018. The minister said that India already disbursed $ 2 million and will soon be remitting the balance $ 3 million. India is a major development partner of Palestine. Apart from funding people-centric development projects worth $ 72 million, India will also donate life-saving drugs to Palestine to help them in their fight against COVID-19. 


RIC meeting


    India attended the Russia-India-China (RIC) trilateral foreign ministers meeting hosted by Russia through video-conference on June 23rd. Attending the meet, the External Affairs Minister of India S. Jaishankar called on countries to respect international law and recognizing the legitimate interest of partners.
    The meeting comes during the escalating border standoff between India and China at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh. The meeting focussed on the global situation arising out of the coronavirus pandemic, regional developments of common concern and global changes. 


Victory Day


    Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh attended the Victory Parade at Red Square in Moscow on 24 June 2020 to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the victory of the Soviet forces in World War II. It was originally scheduled on May 9, 2020 but was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 
    The Tri-Service contingent of the Indian Armed Forces comprised 75 all ranks marched along with contingents of Russian Armed Forces and 17 other countries in victory parade. The defence minister met the Russian  Deputy Prime Minister Yury Ivanovichh Borisov discussed bilateral relationships and reviewed the India-Russia defence cooperation. 

 

Pak in ‘Grey List’


    The Paris-based Financial Action Task Force (FATF) retained Pakistan in Grey List due to deficiencies found in money laundering and anti-terror funding laws and their implementation. FATF plenary meeting chaired by China found that Pakistan had failed to deliver on 13 of the 27 points in the action plan that it had pledged to implement.
    The meeting stressed the Prime Minister Imran Khan’s government should probe the widest range of terror financing. His government should implement targeted financial sanctions against all UN-designated terrorists and prohibiting their access to funding. Germany takes over the presidency of the FATF in July 2020 for a year.

 

45th Edition of TIFF 2020


    Priyanka Chopra and filmmaker Anurag Kashyap are among the 50 celebrated filmmakers and actors invited as the ambassadors of Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) 2020 to be held in September 2020. TIFF is one of the largest publicly attended film festivals in the world. 
    This year’s selection comprises a lineup of 50 new feature films, five programmes of short films including Ammonite, directed by Francis Lee (United Kingdom). 

 

Others

UN honour


    United Nations honoured the Kerala Health Minister KK Shailaja for her efforts to fight COVID 19 pandemic on World Public Service Day, celebrated on 23 June. 
    She was invited by the United Nations to participate in a panel to share Kerala's strategy of aggressive testing, contact tracing and how quarantining helped slow the spread of the deadly COVID virus. 
    The webinar was organised to honour leaders who have done commendable work in the fight against Covid-19.     
    United Nations every year on June 23, observes the world public service day to appreciate and pay respect to public servants across the world.

 

Peace Prize


    Amartya Sen, the Nobel-laureate Indian economist was conferred with the prestigious ‘Peace Prize of the German Book Trade’ for his decades-long work on global Social justice, addressing the questions on social inequality in education and healthcare.
    The 'Human Development Index’, the 'Capabilities Approach’ and the 'Notion of missing women’ are his greatest contributions to the world of Economy.  The award will be presented by the German Publishers and Booksellers Association, Brsenverein.
    The award will be given to honour such individuals who have made an outstanding contribution to the realization of the idea of peace primarily through his activities in the fields of literature, science and art. 
Peace Prize has been awarded since 1950 and cash award carries a sum of 25,000 Euros.

 

Women’s World Cup


    Australia and New Zealand will jointly host the 2023 FIFA women world cup. This is the first Women’s World Cup to be hosted in the Asia-Pacific Region. 32 teams will participate in the event.
    FIFA president Gianni Infantino suggested conducting of the tournament every 2 years instead of every 4 years.
    2019 FIFA women world cup hosted by France and the USA was a winner and the Netherlands was the runner.

 

Model Questions


1.     ‘Legend of Suheldev: The King Who Saved India’ written by ..
    1) Chetan Bhagat         2) Amish Tripathi     
    3) Anita Desai              4) Upamanyu Chatterje     5) Shashi Tharoor

 

2.     Olympic Day observed on..
    1) 29 August     2) 24 April     3) 10 December    4) 21 November     5) 23 June

 

3.     Union Cabinet approved to designate Kushinagar Airport as an International Airport located in the state of……
    1) Uttar Pradesh   2) Bihar     3) Madhya Pradesh    4) Maharashtra     5) West Bengal

 

4.     International Day of the Celebration of the Solstice 2020 observed on…
    1) 21 March      2) 23 September     3) 22 December   4) 21 June    5) 21 January

 

5.     ‘Indira Rasoi Yojna’ (Indira Kitchen Scheme) to provide pure nutritious food to the poor twice a day at concessional rates declared by ….
    1) Chhattisgarh    2) Punjab    3) Jharkhand    4) Rajasthan     5) Maharshtra

 

6.     The term of Commission to examine sub-categorization of OBCs extended to..
    1) 30 Jun 2021     2) 31 Aug 2021     3) 31 July 2021     4) 31 Mar 2021      5) 31 Jan 2021 

 

Key: 1-2; 2-5; 3-1; 4-4; 5-4; 6-5.

 

MATIR SMRISTI SCHEME IS FOR?

National

ICGS Sachet commissioned


    Union Defence minister Rajnath Singh commissioned Indian Coast Guard Ship (ICGS) Sachet and two interceptor boats (IBs) C-450 and C-451 in Goa via video conference on 15 May 2020.
    The ICGS Sachet is the first in the series of five offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) and has been designed and built indigenously by Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL). 
    The IBs C-450 and C-451 are indigenously designed & built by Larsen & Toubro Shipyard Hazira and fitted with latest navigation and communication equipment. 
    The Defence minister expressed confidence that these Coast Guard Ships address the challenges related to maritime terrorism, drug trafficking, smuggling, maritime law enforcement and the search and rescue of threatened mariners. 


COBAS 6800


    On 14 May 2020, Dr. Harsh Vardhan, the Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare inaugurated the COBAS 6800 testing machine.
    It is a fully automated, high-end machine for performing real-time PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) testing. The testing machine will provide quality, high-volume testing with a high throughput of test around 1200 samples in 24 hours. It will largely increase the testing capacity with the reduction in pendency.
    It can detect other pathogens like Viral Hepatitis B and C, HIV, Mtb, Papilloma, CMV, Chlamadiya, Neiserreia, etc. 


DTIS


    Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme (DTIS) was launched by the Union Defence minister Rajnath Singh for creating the state of the art testing infrastructure to give a boost to domestic defence and aerospace manufacturing.  Rs. 400 crore allocated for the Scheme, which would run for five years. It facilitates indigenous defence production causing the reduction of imports of military equipment and helps make the country self-reliant.


NMIS


    The Government of India launched an online dashboard National Migrant Information System (NMIS) to monitor and facilitate the smooth movement of migrant workers across the states.
    The movement of migrant workers became a humanitarian crisis after the government decided to announce nationwide lockdown, with thousands of them walking on roads to reach back to their home states.
    NMIS will help in speedy communication between states without creating additional work at the level of the field officers and had added advantages like contact tracing, which may be useful in overall COVID response work.


PMMSY


    The government of India allocated Rs 20,000 crore for Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) for integrated, sustainable and inclusive development of marine and inland fisheries. On this occasion, the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that Rs 11,000 crore allocated for activities in marine, inland fisheries and aquaculture while Rs 9,000 crore for developing the infrastructure of fishing  harbours, cold chains, markets, etc.


"Interest subvention for Diary sector”


    The Union government launched a scheme "Interest subvention on Working Capital Loans for the dairy sector" for Supporting Dairy Cooperatives and Farmer Producer Organizations engaged in dairy activities (SDC&FPO).
    The scheme provides interest subvention of 2% per annum. An additional incentive of 2% per annum interest subvention to be given in case of prompt and timely repayment/interest servicing.
    The scheme will be implemented through the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)  will help to ease out the working capital crisis for handling surplus milk and enable timely payment to the farmers.

 

NIPER-G to combat COVID 19


    To combat the pandemic outbreak of COVID-19, the National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Guwahati (NIPER-G) announced the invention of two products.
    The first one is the 3D-printed hands-free object that could be used to help open or close doors, windows, drawers (both vertical and horizontal), and refrigerator handle, or press elevator buttons, and laptop/desktop keyboards, including turning the switch buttons on/off.
    The second one is the 3D-printed antimicrobial face-shield to control the spread of novel coronavirus. It was designed after a thorough study to understand how viruses spread through oral, ophthalmic, olfactory and other body  cavities.

 

'GOAL'


    The Union Tribal Affairs Minister Arjun Munda launched the scheme “Going Online As Leaders” (GOAL), having a partnership with Facebook at a Webinar in New Delhi on 15 May 2020. 
    The scheme aims to enable scheduled tribe youth in remote areas to use digital platforms for sharing their aspirations, dreams and talent with their mentors.
    The scheme empowers 5,000 tribal youths to harness the full potential of digital platforms and tools to learn new ways of doing business, explore and connect with domestic and international markets.

 

International 

Global Nutrition Report 2020


    India is among 88 countries that are likely to miss global nutrition targets by 2025, as per the Global Nutrition Report 2020 released on 12 May 2020. The report also identified India as one with the highest rates of domestic inequalities in malnutrition.
    According to the Global Nutrition Report (GNR) 2020, India will miss targets, for all four nutritional indicators for which there is data available, i.e. stunting among under-5 children, anemia among women of reproductive age, childhood overweight and exclusive breast feeding. The GNR is a report card on the world’s nutrition-globally, regionally and country by country-and on efforts to improve it.

 

G-20 Virtual Trade and Investment Ministers Meeting


    The Union Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal attended 2nd G-20 Virtual Trade and Investment Ministers Meeting through Video-conferencing.
    In this meeting, the minister called upon the G-20 nations to ensure access to essential medicines, treatments and vaccines at affordable prices. India is proactively partnering in global efforts to develop vaccines and effective treatment for this disease.
    The Minister said that widely regarded as the ‘Pharmacy of the World’, India unconditionally provided medical supplies to over 120 countries to combat this disease, of which 43 countries received it as a grant.

 

Commonwealth Health Ministers meeting


    Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan participated in the 32nd Commonwealth Health Ministers’ Meeting through Video conference on 14 May 2020.
    He highlighted the timely, graded and pro-active measures taken by India towards COVID-19 management.
    On this occasion, he said that India announced an economic package of more than 265 billion US Dollars to support economic recovery as well to support vulnerable segments of the population.
    India took all necessary and timely steps including surveillance at points of entry, evacuation of Indian from abroad, surveillance in the community through disease surveillance network and community involvement as part of its management efforts.

 

SCO Foreign Ministers meeting


    Foreign Ministers of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Member States meeting was held on 13 May 2020 via Video Conference. On behalf of India, External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar participated and reaffirmed India’s strong commitment to the joint fight against Covid-19 pandemic.
    He expressed India’s readiness to share information, expertise and best practices to the SCO Member States.
    He highlighted the initiatives and various decisive steps taken by India in the wake of the pandemic. Foreign Minister of Russia Sergey Lavrov chaired the meeting. 

 

Others

International Nurses Day


    International Nurses Day observed on 12 May every year across the world to celebrate the birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing.
    The theme for International Nurses Day 2020 is "Nursing the World to Health". The World Health Organization (WHO) joined hundreds of partners worldwide to highlight the importance of nurses in health care on this occasion. 
    It is not so easy to run the health systems without nurses and it should be remembered that WHO designated 2020 as “The Year of the Nurse and Midwife.” 

 

National dengue day


    National Dengue Day observed on the 16th of May every year. The day is observed with the recommendation of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India and aims to create awareness about dengue and improve prevention measures. Dengue fever is caused by the dengue virus, transmitted by the bite of the Aedes mosquitos.
 

Model Questions


1.     World Telecommunication Day observed on….
    1) 24 May               2) 12 May              3) 17 May            4) 10 May             5) 7 May 

 

2.     Present Union Cabinet Secretary is……..?
    1) Rajiv Gauba          2) I V Subba Rao 
    3) Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra     4) Dr. Pramod Kumar Mishra  
    5) Ajay Kumar Bhalla

 

3.     Which state launched ‘Matir Smristi’ scheme to utilize 50,000-acres barren land in 6 districts for income generating activities?
    1) Rajasthan             2) Chhattisgarh     3) West Bengal      4) Uttar Pradesh  
    5) Assam

 

KEY: 1-3   2-1   3-3                                        

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Sentence

A group of words, so arranged as to give a complete sense is called sentence.
e.g.: My father has gone to Madras.
         Have you read this book?
         How lovely the park is!


Components of a sentence
Every sentence has two essential parts.
(i) Subject (ii) Predicate


Subject: The part, which names the person or thing we are speaking about this is called the subject of the sentence.
e.g.: Ramu (sub) can speak English.
         Macroni (sub) invented Radio.
         Padma (sub) can speak English.

Predicate: The part which tells something about the subject.
e.g.: Our Master went to Madras last week.
         The little girl is playing with her toys.
         My friend will come here tomorrow.

Kinds of sentences
There are five kinds of sentences.
1. Assertive or Declarative sentence
2. Interrogative sentence
3. Imperative sentence
4. Exclamatory sentence
5. Optative sentence

1. Assertive sentence
An assertive sentence is one which states or declares something. It begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop.
e.g.: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born in Allahabad.
         Our library has five thousand books.
         The Prime Minister visits Andhra Pradesh.

2. Interrogative sentence
A sentence which is in the form of a questions is called an interrogative sentence.
e.g.: Why did you knock at the door?
         Do you tell lies?
         Where did you find it?
This interrogative sentence is always started with what, why, where etc., or any auxiliary verb.

3. Imperative sentence
This sentence which expresses a command, a request or an advice is called an imperative sentence.
e.g.: Type these letters at once.
         Please lend me your pen.
         Hurry up please! The time is over.

4. Exclamatory sentence
It expresses a sudden strong feeling of joy, sorrow, wonder or anger etc.,
e.g.: Alas! He is ruined.
        What a beautiful building it is!
        Hurrah! we have won the match.

5. Optative sentence
An optative sentence expresses a wish or a prayer.
e.g.: May god bless you!
        May you live long!
        Wish that I were a king!

Assertive sentences
Examples:

1) I am a doctor.
2) She will not go out with him.
3) I shall go to Delhi.
4) I shall give her money.
5) The sun rises in the East.
6) When I met him, he was playing.
7) While I was singing, she was dancing.
8) I cooked vegetables and he fried rice.
9) Netaji was born in Kolkata. 

10) I must get up early tomorrow.
11) I am unwell.
12) We have won at last.
13) They have not returned the book.
14) You are not to leave the class without permission.
15) I am leaving pune tonight.

Interrogative sentences
Examples:

1) Do you know the residence of the doctor?
2) Why are you late?
3) Will you take me to temple?
4) What are you doing?
5) Will you help me today?
6) Why did you do it?
7) Do you know Rohit?
8) Have you done your homework?
9) How can I do such a foolish work?
10) Could you please lend me some money?
11) Would you like to have dinner with me?

Imperative sentences
Examples:

1) Mohan, please bring me that book.
2) Take umbrella with you when you go out.
3) Don't go out in dark.
4) The captain commanded the soldiers to march on till it was dark.
5) Richa congratulated her son telling him that he had won.
6) She asked the postman either to go or wait.
7) The manager ordered the clerk to run to the next office and bring some stationery.
8) She ordered stranger to leave her room at once.
9) The teacher ordered Suhani to stop talking then.
10) I requested her to help me.
11) The Principal congratulated the boy telling him that he had won.
12) She bitterly cursed him that god would never pardon him.
13) The manager ordered the assistant that the customer might be allowed.
14) The girls requested the gatekeeper to allow them to enter the school.
15) The lady requested her to come sometime.
16) The mother asked her daughter to shut the door.
17) The audience applauded his speech that he had spoken well.
18) The captain warned the soldiers to beware of the danger.

Exclamatory sentences
Examples:

1) Portia said, "Good Heavens, I am ruined!"
2) Mona said, "Hello sameer, good morning!"
3) The king said, "How foolish of me!"
4) Tarun said, "How clever I am!"
5) Deepa said, "what a pity! you have not succeeded"
6) She said, "How beautiful the rose is!"
7) He said, "what a lazy fellow you are!"
8) The captain said, "Hurrah! we have won the match"
9) The doctor said "Alas! the poor man is no more"
10) The spectators said "Bravo! well done"

Optative sentences
Examples:

1) The old man said to his son, "May God bless you!"
2) They said, "May God save our country."
3) He said, "May God pardon my sins!"
4) The beggar said, "May you live long."
5) The woman said to the child, "God helps you!"
6) She said, "May God pardon him."
7) The doctor said to the patient, "I hope you are better now."
8) They said, "Long live the prime minister."

THIRD LARGEST SOLAR MARKET?

International 

AIIB help


    Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) agreed to extend a $500 million loan to India to support the country’s efforts to prevent, detect, and respond to the threat posed by Covid-19. The project is funded by AIIB’s Covid-19 Crisis Recovery Facility, created to adapt to urgent financing needs of the bank’s  members impacted by the pandemic. AIIB’s Covid-19 Crisis Recovery Facility, created as part of the  coordinated international response to counter the Covid-19 crisis, has an initial size of $5-10 billion. 


India helps Bangladesh


    India High Commissioner to Bangladesh Riva Ganguly Das handed over the third tranche of emergency medical assistance to the Foreign Minister of Bangladesh A.K. Abdul Momen in Dhaka. The Third tranche consists of RT-PCR COVID-19 kits capable of running thirty thousand tests. The test kits were dispatched to the Institute of Epidemiological Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Bangladesh.


Postage stamp on smallpox


    World Health Organization (WHO) and the UNO's postal agency released a commemorative postage stamp today on the 40th anniversary of the eradication of smallpox.  Smallpox was eradicated on the back of a 10-year-old effort spearheaded by the WHO involving thousands of health workers around the world to administer half a billion vaccinations.
    In the year 1980, the World Health Assembly issued its official declaration that the world and all peoples have won freedom from smallpox. WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said, when the smallpox eradication campaign was launched in 1967, one of the ways countries raised awareness about smallpox was through postage stamps.


India installed 7.3 GW


    In the year 2019, India installed 7.3 GW of solar power across the country, consolidating its position as the third-largest solar market in the world.
    India also had a robust pipeline of utility-scale projects under development of 23.7 GW at the end of 2019, with another 31.5 GW of tenders pending auction, according to a study by Mercom Communications India, a subsidiary of global clean energy communications and consulting firm Mercom Capital Group. The report also revealed that the top 10 large-scale project developers account for 68 per cent market share in 2019. ReNew Power was the top utility-scale developer during 2019, while Azure Power owns the largest project pipeline. Tata Power Solar had the largest cumulative rooftop portfolio, followed by CleanMax Solar.

 

Mission Sagar


    On 10 May 2020, India launched Mission Sagar, as part of the government’s outreach initiative towards five Island nations in the Indian Ocean amidst the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
    Indian Naval Ship Kesari departed for Maldives, Mauritius, Seychelles, Madagascar and Comoros.
    ‘Mission Sagar’ is in line with India’s role as the first responder in the region and builds on the excellent relations existing between these countries to battle the COVID-19 pandemic.

National

PM-CM Video Conference


    On 11 May 2020, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi interacted with the Chief Ministers of all the States and Union Territories to discuss the road ahead in India’s fight against COVID-19. He said that this understanding of the spread of COVID-19 will help the country in having a focused fight against it.  He said the new way of life would be on the principle of “Jan Se lekar Jag Tak”, from an individual to the whole of humanity. He asked the policymakers to also keep in mind how to embrace new models of teaching and learning in the education sector.
 

Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan


    On 12 May 2020, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the nation, five days before the third phase of the nationwide lockdown is slated to end on 17 May 2020.  He said that the fourth phase of the lockdown will be in a new form. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman urged to make "local our mantra" and that the "Aatma Nirbhar Bharat" will build the 21st century for the country. 
 

COVID Kavach Elisa


    National Institute of Virology (NIV) in Pune developed an immunological assay-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-to detect antibodies that the body develops in response to infection by the SARS-CoV-2 novel coronavirus The test will detect IgG antibodies present in blood samples. 
    The test is expected to change the dynamics of COVID-19 testing in the country. It can test around 90 samples in approximately two and a half hours. This is the first time India developed an indigenous ELISA test for coronavirus.


DRUVS


    Research Centre Imarat (RCI), the Hyderabad based Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) premier lab developed an automated contactless UVC sanitization cabinet, called ‘Defence Research Ultraviolet Sanitiser’ (DRUVS).  It has been designed to sanitize mobile phones, iPods, laptops, currency notes, cheques, challans, passbooks, paper, envelopes, etc.
    The DRUVS cabinet is having contactless operation which is very important to contain the spread of the virus.  DRUVS provides 360-degree exposure of UVC to the objects placed inside the cabinet. Once the sanitisation is done, the system goes in sleep mode hence the operator need not wait or stand near the device.

 

'Surakshit Dada-Dadi and Nana-Nani Abhiyan'


    On 5 May 2020, the Niti Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India) in association with Piramal Foundation launched a campaign 'Surakshit Dada-Dadi & Nana-Nani Abhiyan' focused on ensuring the wellbeing of senior citizens during the COVID-19 pandemic.
    The scheme aimed at creating awareness about various aspects of senior citizens' health and lifestyle including preventive measures and requisite behavioral changes in view of COVID-19 pandemic.
    The campaign will reach over 2.9 million senior citizens in 25 Aspirational Districts across Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, MP, Maharashtra, Rajasthan & UP; the Aayog tweeted.

 

Vande Bharat Mission 


    World’s largest evacuation operation to bring back stranded Indian nationals from different countries under Vande Bharat Mission on 7 May 2020.
    The government of India chalked out a detailed plan of the first phase of Vande Bharat Mission to bring back around fifteen thousand stranded Indian nationals due to COVID-19 outbreak from 12 countries. 
    Indian Navy launched ‘Operation Samudra Setu’ to repatriate stranded Indian citizens from overseas. INS Jalashwa and INS Magar brought hundreds of Indian Nationals from Maldives.

 

NABARD help


    On 5 May 2020, the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) said that it disbursed Rs.12,767 crore to State Co-operative Banks (StCBs) and Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) across the country for extending credit to farmers during the ongoing lockdown. The loans are being offered for one year at an interest rate of 4.8 per cent, NABARD said in a release. In April 2020, the Reserve Bank of India announced to provide Rs 25,000 crore to NABARD for refinancing Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), cooperative banks and microfinance institutions (MFIs).
 

UV disinfection tower 


    Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) developed an Ultra Violet Disinfection Tower for rapid and chemical-free disinfection of high-infection prone areas.
    UV disinfection tower designed and developed by Laser Science & Technology Centre (LASTEC), the Delhi based premier laboratory of DRDO with the help of M/s New Age Instruments and Materials Private Limited, Gurugram.
    The UV Blaster is useful for high tech surfaces like electronic equipment, computers and other gadgets in laboratories and offices that are not suitable for disinfection with chemical methods.
    The product is also said to be effective in areas with a large flow of people such as airports, shopping malls, metros, hotels, factories, offices, etc. The device can be used remotely through a smartphone or laptop using Wi-Fi.

 

New mandis in e-NAM 


    Two hundred new mandis from seven states joined the e-NAM platform for marketing of agricultural produce recently. They include 94 mandis of Rajasthan, 27 mandis of Tamil Nadu, 25 mandis each from Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat, 16 mandis of Odisha, 11 mandis of Andhra Pradesh and two mandis of Karnataka.
Co-Op banks under SARFAESI Act
    The Supreme Court held that the cooperative banks involved in the activities related to banking are covered within the meaning of ‘banking company’ and Parliament has legislative competence to provide for a procedure for recovery of a loan under the SARFAESI Act.
    The Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest (SARFAESI) Act, 2002, allow banks and financial institutions to auction properties (residential and commercial) when borrowers fail to repay their loans. It enables banks to reduce their non-performing assets by adopting measures for recovery or reconstruction.

Others

World War II medal 


    Russia felicitated the North Korean leader Kim Jong Un with a commemorative World War II medal for his role in preserving the memory of Soviet soldiers killed in North Korea. Russian Ambassador handed the commemorative medal dubbed “75 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945” to North Korean Foreign Minister. 
    North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Son Gwon accepted the award from Russian Ambassador Alexander Matsegora on behalf of Kim Jong Un. The Russian embassy said that Kim was awarded “for his great personal contribution to the commemoration of the dead and buried Soviet citizens on the territory of North Korea and showing concern about the safety of the Soviet soldiers’ graves and memorial sites” 

 

International Midwife Day 


    International Midwife Day celebrated on the 5th of May every year, to appreciate the work of  midwives. Midwives are women who have practical knowledge of helping pregnant women give birth. In the early times when there were no highly professional and equipped hospitals for pregnant ladies, they used to give birth to a child at home with the help of these midwives. 
    Each year ICM (International Confederation of Midwives) comes up with a campaign theme to motivate and raise awareness about the status of midwives and the needed and crucial care they provide to mothers and their new-borns.
    This year theme is ‘Midwives with women: celebrate, demonstrate, mobilize, unite – our time is NOW!’ The world needs 9 million more nurses and midwives if it is to achieve universal health coverage by 2030. That’s why the World Health Assembly designated 2020 the International Year of the Nurse and the Midwife.

 

Pulitzer Prizes


    On 4 May 2020, the 2020 Pulitzer Prize winners were announced 15 Journalism categories and seven Book, Drama and Music categories. The Pulitzer Prizes in journalism were first awarded in 1917 and are considered the field’s most prestigious honour in the U.S.A. Three Indian photojournalists Dar Yasin, Mukhtar Khan and Channi Anand of the Associated Press based won the 2020 Pulitzer Prize for ‘feature photography’. 
    They were conferred with Pulitzer for their coverage of the Jammu and Kashmir region during the clampdown that followed the Union government’s decision to divest the region of its special status and reorganise it into two Union Territories. Yasin and Khan are journalists based in Srinagar, while Anand is based in Jammu.

 

 

RATIO AND PROPORTION

RATIO: Ratio means Comparison. The number of times one quantity contains another quantity of the same kind.
            Thus the ratio between 5 litres of oil and 15 litres of oil can be possible, but not between 10 apples and 25 kg of rice. 
* The ratio between one quantity to another is measured by  a : b or a/b
Ex: 8 : 9   or   5 : 7 etc.
* The two quantities in the ratio are called its terms. The first is called the antecedent and the second term is called consequent.
* The terms of the ratio can be multiplied or divided by the same number.

 

Types of Ratios:
1. Duplicate ratio: The ratio of the squares of the two numbers.
     Ex: 9 : 16 is the duplicate ratio of 3 : 4.
2. Triplicate Ratio: The ratio of the cubes of the two numbers.
     Ex: 27 : 64 is the triplicate ratio of 3 : 4.
3. Sub-duplicate Ratio: The ratio between the square roots of the two numbers.
      Ex: 4 : 5 is the sub-duplicate ratio of 16 : 25.
4. Sub-triplicate Ratio: The ratio between the cube roots of the two numbers.
      Ex: 4 : 5 is the sub-triplicate ratio of 64 : 125.
5.Inverse ratio: If the two terms in the ratio interchange their places, then the new ratio is inverse ratio of the first.
      Ex: 9 :5 is the inverse ratio of 5 : 9.
6. Compound ratio: The ratio of the product of the first terms to that of the second terms of two or more ratios.
      Ex: The compound ratio of  
PROPORTION: If two ratios are equal, then they make a proportion.
            Thus  
Each term of the ratios 4/5 and 8/10  is called proportional.
The middle terms 5 and 8 are called means and the end terms 4 and 10 are called extrems.

Product of Means = Product of Extremes

Continued Proportion: In the proportion 8/12=12/8,  8, 12, 18 are in the continued proportion.
Fourth proportion: If a : b = c : x, then x is called fourth proportion of a,b and  c.
There fore fourth proportion of  a, b, c  = bc/a
Third proportion: If a : b = b : x, then x is called third proportion of a and b.
Therefore third proportion of a, b =  bb/a
Second or mean proportion: If a : x = x : b , then x is called second or mean proportion of a and b.
Therefore mean proportion of a and b =  root(ab)

 

EXAMPLES

1. a : b = 3: 4; b : c = 6 : 7. Find a : b : c.
Sol:    a     b      c
          3     4
                 6      7
a : b : c = 3 × 6 : 6 × 4 : 4 × 7 = 9 : 12 : 14

 

2. A sum of Rs.4960 has been divided among A, B and C in the ratio of 5:4:7. Find the share of B.
Sol: B's share =  4/5+4+7*4960
                          = Rs.1240

 

3. 36% of first number is 28% of the second number. What is the respective ratio of the first number to the second number?
Sol:  Let the numbers be x and y.
       36% of x = 28% of y
                    x/y=28/36=7/9
       ∴   x : y = 7 : 9

 

4. Two numbers are in 4:7 ratio. The difference between them is 27. What is the bigger number?
Sol:  Let the numbers be 4x and 7x.
             7x − 4x = 27
           ⇒ 3x = 27  ⇒  x = 9
∴ Bigger number is 7x = 7 × 9 = 63
Short cut: The difference of the terms of the ratio = 7 − 4 = 3.
 But the actual difference between the numbers is 27 
  ∴  3 parts is equal to 27
  7 parts (Bigger number) = 7/3 × 27 = 63

 

5. The ratio of the ages of a man and his son is 7: 3. The average of their ages is 30 years. What will be the ratio of their ages after 4 years?
Sol: Average age = 30 years
Total age = 2 × 30 = 60 years.
Let their present ages be 7x and 3x years
∴ 7x + 3x = 60 ⇒ x = 60/10 = 6
∴ Their present ages are
 7 × 6 and 3 × 6 = 42 and 18.
∴ Their ages after 4 years
= 42 + 4 and 18 + 4 = 46 and 22 years
∴ ratio = 46 : 22 = 23 : 11

 

6. Two numbers are in the ratio of 3:4. If 4 is subtracted from each, the remainders are in the ratio of 5:7. What are the numbers?
Sol: Let the numbers be 3x and 4x.
        If 4 is subtracted from each, the numbers will be (3x −4) and (4x −4).
∴ (3x −4) : (4x −4) = 5: 7
Product of means = Product of extremes
(3x –4) 7 = (4x – 4) 5
⇒ 21x – 28 = 20x – 20
⇒ x = 8
∴ The numbers are 3 × 8 and 4 × 8 
                                     = 24 and 32

 

7. In a bowl there is 30 litre mixture of milk and water. The ratio of milk and water is 7:3. How much water must be added to it so that the ratio of milk to the water be 3:7?
Sol : Milk quantity in the mixture
= 7/10 × 30 = 21 litres
∴ Water = 30 - 21 = 9 litres
      New ratio = 3 : 7
∴ 3 parts of milk is 21 litres (There is no difference in the milk quantity of new mixture)
∴ Water quantity in the mixture
=7/3 × 21 = 49 litres
∴ 49 - 9 = 40 litres  water is to be added in the new mixture

 

8. A bag contains of one rupee, 50 paise and 25 paise coins. if these coins are in the ratio of 5 : 6 : 8, and the total amount of coins is Rs. 210, find the number of 50 paise coins in the bag.
Sol : Let the number of one rupee, 50 paise, 25 paise coins be 5, 6 and 8 respectively
The value of one rupee coins
             = Rs. 1 × 5 = Rs. 5
The value of fifty  paise coins
             = Rs. 0.50 × 6 = Rs. 3
The value of twenty five paise coins
             = Rs. 0.25 × 8 = Rs. 2
Total value = 5 + 3 + 2 = Rs. 10
If the total value is Rs. 10
there are 6 coins of fifty paise
if the total value is Rs. 210, then the number of 50 coins = 210/10 × 6 = 126

 

9. If a sum of Rs.3150 were distributed among Ravi, Vijay and Suresh in the ratio of 12:9:14 respectively, then find the share of Vijay.
Ans: Rs.810
Sol: Vijay's Share = 9/35 × 3150 = Rs.810

 

10. The total number of students in a school is 2850. If the number of boys in the school is 1650, then what is the respective ratio of the total number of boys to the total number of girls in the school?
Ans: 11:8
Sol: Total number of students = 2850
Number of boys = 1650
Number of girls = 2850 - 1650 = 1200
Ratio between boys and girls
= 1650 : 1200 = 11 : 8

 

11. A sum of money is divided among A, B, C and D in the ratio of 5 : 6 : 12 : 15 respectively. If the share of C is Rs. 4092, then what is the total amount of money?
Ans: Rs. 12958
Sol: Let the share of A, B, C and D be Rs. 5x, 6x, 12x and 15x respectively. C's share is Rs.4092
 ⇒ 12x = 4092 ⇒ x = 4092/12 = 341
 ∴ Total money = 38x = 38 × 341= Rs.12958

 

12. Asum of Rs. 2820 has been distributed among A, B and C in the ratio 1/3, 1/4, 1/5 respectively. What is the share of B?
Ans: Rs. 900
Sol: LCM of 3, 4 and 5 is 60
∴ ratio =60/3 : 60/4 : 60/5  = 20 : 15 : 12
 B's share = 15/20+15+32 × 2820
 = 15/47  × 2820 = Rs. 900 

13. A, B and C divide an amount of Rs. 6300 amongst themselves in the ratio of 7:6:8 respectively. If an amount of Rs.300 is added to each of their shares, what will be the new respective ratio of their shares of amount?
Ans: 8 : 7 : 9
Sol: Total shares = 7 + 6 + 8 = 21
        ∴ 21 parts = 6300
       each part = 6300/21 = 300
∴  Their shares are

7 × 300, 6 × 300 and 8 × 300

 ⇒ 2100, 1800 and 2400

If 300 is added to each of them then their shares are 2400, 2100 and 2700

Their ratio = 2400 : 2100 : 2700
                   
 = 8 : 7 : 9

 

14.  Find out the two quantities whose difference is 30 and the ratio between them is 5/11.
Sol: The difference of quantities, which are in the ratio 5:11, is 6. To make the difference 30, we should Multiply them by 5.
        Therefore 5:11=5*5:11*5=25:25

 

15. A factory employs skilled workers, unskilled workers and clerks in the ratio 8:5:1 and the wages of a skilled worker, an unskilled worker and a clerk are in the ratio 5:2:3 when 20 unskilled workers are employed the total daily wages fall amount to Rs. 318. Find out the daily wages paid to each category of employees.
Sol: Number of skilled worker: unskilled worker: clerks = 8:5:1 and the ratio of their respective Wages = 5:2:3
      
Hence the amount will be paid in the ratio 8 × 5 : 5 × 2 : 3 × 1 = 40 : 10 : 3             
      Hence total amount distributed among unskilled workers 
                                    (318/40+10+3)*10 =60
But the number of unskilled workers is 20, so the daily wages of unskilled worker 

60/20=3
The wages of a skilled worker, an unskilled worker and a clerk are in the ratio = 5:2:3
      Multiplying the ratio by  5/2 and 3/2  we get = 7.50 : 3 : 4.50
      So, if an unskilled worker gets Rs.3 a day then a skilled worker gets Rs. 7.50 per day a clerks Rs. 4.50 a day

 

16. Two numbers are in the ratio of 11:13. If 12 be subtracted from each, the remainders are in the ratio of 7:9 Find out the numbers.

Sol: Since the numbers are in the ratio of 11:13. Let the numbers be 11x and 13x. Now if 2 is subtracted from each, the numbers become (11x -12) and (13x-12).  As they are in the ratio of 7:9              

               (11x-12): (13x-12):: 7: 9

             ⇒   (11x – 12) 9 = (13x – 12) 7
              ⇒  99x – 108 = 91x – 84
             ⇒   9x = 24 or x = 3

11*3=33, 13*3=39
 

17. In what ratio the two kinds of tea must be mixed together one at Rs. 48 per kg. and another at Rs. 32 per kg. So that the mixture may cost Rs. 36 per kg. ?
Sol:   Mohan and Sohan = 5:6 
           Sohan and Rakesh = 8:5 
       Mohan and Rakesh = 5/6*8/5=4/3
                                              = 4 : 3

 

18. What should be subtracted from 15, 28, 20 and 38 so that the remaining numbers may be proportional?

 

19. If Rs. 279 were distributed among Ram, Mohan and Sohan in the ratio of 15:10:6 respectively, then how many rupees did Mohan obtain?
Sol: Ratio in which Ram, Mohan and Sohan got  = 15 :10 : 6
                       ∴ Sum of ratios  = 15 + 10 + 6 = 31 
                       ∴ Share of Mohan  = Rs. 90

 

20. A bag contains of one rupee, 50 paise and 25 paise coins. If these coins are in the ratio of 2:3:10, and the total amount of coins is Rs288, find the number of 25 paise coins in the bag.
Sol:   Ratio of one rupee, 50 paise and 25 paise coins
                                                                 = 2:3:10
                       ∴ Ratio of their values  = 8:6:10 = 4:3:5
 And sum of the ratios of their values = 4 + 3 + 5 = 12
                   ∴  Value of 25 paise coins = 5*288/12= Rs. 120
                     ∴ No. of 25 paise coins   = 120 × 4 = 480


Ratio, Pr oportion and Partnership

1. If 28 : x :: x : 7, then find the value of x.
a) 7            b) 14            c) 28            d) 196 
Sol: 28/x = x/7  ⇒ x2 = 28 × 7 ⇒ x = 14
Ans: b

2. If Rs.195 is divided in the ratio 1/2 :1/3 : 1/4 then what is the largest part?
a) Rs.60     b) Rs.45     c) Rs.90     d) Rs.150 
Sol: Given ratio =  1/2, : 1/3 : 1/4 = 6/12 : 4/12 : 3/12
i.e. 6 : 4 : 3

6. If Rs.1,030 is divided among A, B, C and D in such a way that A : B = 4 : 5, B : C = 3 : 5 and C : D = 3 : 2. Who will get the maximum amount?
a) A             b) B             c) C             d) D
Sol: A : B = 4 : 5 and B : C = 3 : 5 ⇒ A : B : C = 4 × 3 : 5 × 3 : 5 × 5 = 12 : 15 : 25 A : B : C = 12 : 15 : 25 and C : D = 3 : 2
⇒ A : B : C : D = 12 × 3 : 15 × 3 : 25 × 3 : 25 × 2 = 36 : 45 : 75 : 50
Hence, C gets the maximum amount.
Ans: c

7. The age of a man and his son is in the ratio 4 : 1. Five years hence the respective ratio of their ages will be 3 : 1. How old is the father at present?
a) 40 years       b) 60 years       c) 75 years        d) 100 years
Sol: Let father’s age be 4x and son’s age be x. 

9. How many one rupee, 50 paisa and 25 paisa coins respectively are there, if these are in the ratio 4 : 5 : 6 respectively and together amount to Rs.32?
a) 16, 24, 20           b) 24, 16, 20           c) 24, 20, 16             d) 16, 20, 24
Sol: Let 4x, 5x and 6x be the number of coins of one rupee, 50 paisa and 25 paisa respectively. 

 Ans: d

10. Father's age was five times his son's age 5 years ago and will be three times the son's age after 2 years. What is the ratio of the present age of father to that his son?
a) 10 : 3       b) 7 : 2       c) 4 : 1       d) 9 : 2
Sol: Let ‘f’ be the age of father and ‘s’ be the age of son.
f - 5 = 5(s − 5) ⇒ f - 5s = −20 ...(i)
and f + 2 = 3(s + 2) ⇒ f − 3s = 4 ...(ii)
Subtracting (i) from (ii), we get 2s = 24 ⇒ s = 12 years
∴ f = 40 years
∴ Required ratio =  40/12 = 10/3 i. e.10 : 3 
Ans: a

11. Earnings of A and B are in the ratio 7 : 9 respectively and their expenditures are in the ratio 9 : 7 respectively. What is the ratio of their savings?
a) 1 : 7       b) 7 : 5        c) 1 : 1            d) Can't be determined
Sol: Either incomes or expenditure must be given.
Hence, it cannot be determined.
Ans: d

13. A bag contains 25 paisa, 10 paisa and 5 paisa coins in the ratio of 1 : 2 : 3 respectively. If their total value is Rs.45, then number of 10 paisa coins is.....
a) 75          b) 150          c) 225          d) 175
Sol: Let x, 2x and 3x be the number of coins of 25 paisa, 10 paisa and 5 paisa respectively. 
Then,  25/100  × x +  10/100 × 2x +  5/100  × 3x = 45 
⇒ 25x + 20x + 15x = 4500 ⇒ 60x = 4500 ⇒ x = 75 ∴ Number of 10 paisa coins = 2 × 75 = 150
Ans: b 

 


15. The salaries of A, B and C are in the ratio 1 : 2 : 5. If the increments of 20%, 15% and 10% respectively are allowed in their salaries, then what will be the new respective ratio of their salaries?
a) 12 : 23 : 55       b) 11 : 23 : 55      c) 23 : 11 : 55        d) 12 : 55 : 23
Sol: Let A = k, B = 2k, C = 5k

18. Two numbers are in the ratio of 7 : 4. If the largest number is 81 more than the smaller number, then find the numbers?
a) 179 and 98       b) 189 and 108       c) 211 and 292         d) 290 and 371
Sol: Let 7x and 4x be the numbers. Then,
7x − 4x = 81 ⇒ 3x = 81 ⇒ x = 27
∴ Numbers are 189 and 108.            
Ans: b

 

20. Find the fourth proportional to 7, 9 and 14?
a) 10           b) 12           c) 16           d) 18
Sol: Let fourth proportional be x. Then,
7 : 9 = 14 : x
∴ x = 14 × 9/ 7 = 18 
Ans: d

21. The ratio of the third proportion of 3 and 4 with the fourth proportion of 6, 8 and 10 respectively is....
a) 2 : 5        b) 5 : 2        c) 3 : 5        d) 5 : 3 

22. 465 coins consists of 1 rupee, 50 paisa and 25 paisa coins. Their values are in the ratio 5 : 3 : 1. The number of each type of coins respectively is....
a) 155, 186, 124       b) 154, 187, 124       c) 154, 185, 126        d) 150, 140, 175
Sol: Ratio of respective number of coins = 5 : 6 : 4 
|
Ans: a

23. A starts business with Rs.7,000 and after 5 months, B joined as a partner. After a year the profit is divided in the ratio 2 : 3. The capital of B is?
a) Rs.10,000        b) Rs.6,500           c) Rs.18,000           d) Rs.9,000
Sol: Let amount invested by B be Rs.x, then

Ans: c


 

VIVAD SE VISHWAS BILL IS FOR?

Indradhanush


    Fifth edition of joint exercise Indradhanush between the Indian Air Force (IAF) and Royal Air Force (RAF) of the United Kingdom concluded at Air Force Station Hindan on 29 February 2020 The focus of this edition of the exercise is 'Base Defence and Force Protection'. This theme is of significance considering the recent threats to military establishments from terror elements. The aim of the exercise is to enhance mutual operational understanding, exchanging tactics, techniques and procedures. The highlights of the exercise that commenced on 24 February 2020 were combat free fall (CFF), special heli-borne operations, air-field seizure and joint intervention drill.


Commonwealth Points of Light Award
 

    Famous Environmental activist Jadav Payeng, popularly called the 'Forest Man', was named as the 128th Commonwealth Points of Light Award winner. The Points of Light Award recognizes people across Commonwealth nations for the difference they are making in their communities and beyond. He was conferred with this award for his exceptional voluntary service to environmental conservation. He belongs to Assam. He transformed a treeless sandbar along the Brahmaputra River into a 1360-acre vibrant wildlife haven.  


World University Rankings


    QS (Quacquarelli Symonds) released the World University Rankings by Subject 2020 on 4 March 2020. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Mumbai and Delhi found place among the top 50 engineering colleges across the globe in this ranking. While IIT Bombay ranked 44 and IIT Delhi bagged the 47th rank. Other Indian technological and engineering institutes like IIT Kharagpur (86), IIT Madras (88) and IIT Kanpur (96) found their places in top 100 of this category. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in USA got first rank.


Land Records and Services Index


    National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) released India's first land records and services index on 27 February 2020. Madhya Pradesh is the best performing state in terms of digitizing land records followed by Odisha. NCAER Land Records and Services Index (N-LRSI 2020) is based on data collected over 2019-20 on two aspects of the supply of land records. They are the extent of digitization of land records and the quality of these land record. The  Director General of NCAER Shekhar Shah said that the index will help formulate state action plans to attain the goal of secure, assured land records that mirror ground realities and are generated by efficient titling services.


Setu Bharatam


    Union Government contemplated the replacement of all the level crossings on National Highways by Road Over Bridges or Road Under Bridges under the Setu Bharatam scheme. The programme is being implemented by Road Transport and Highways Ministry to ensure safe and smooth flow of traffic and reduced road fatalities by 50% by 2020. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Setu Bharatam scheme on 4th March in 2016. 208 places were identified for construction of rail over-bridges or underpasses under the project at a cost of nearly 10,200 crore rupees. 


USA-Taliban peace deal


    On 29 February 2020, the USA signed historic peace deal with the Taliban in Doha, the capital of Qatar. India attended the historic event as observer. India’s envoy to Qatar P Kumaran witnessed the signing of the peace treaty to end USA soldier’s presence in Afghanistan in a phased manner in next 14 months. As part of the deal, the Talibans are required to initiate a dialogue with the Afghan government and other civil society and political groups for a permanent ceasefire and power sharing in post war Afghanistan. It was more than 18 years ago that the United States had ordered an attack on the Talibans, following the tragic 9/11 happening in USA.


Vivad Se Vishwas


    Direct Tax Vivad Se Vishwas Bill, 2020 seeks to provide taxpayers an opportunity to settle direct tax disputes within the current financial year by waiving interest and penalty on their pending taxes. Lok Sabha passed the Vivad se Vishwas Bill, aims to settle pending direct tax disputes in the country recently. The bill paves the way to provide resolution of disputed tax and related matters. 
    There are four lakh eighty three thousand cases amounting to over nine lakh crore rupees related to direct tax pending in different appellate forums including High Courts and Supreme Court. Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that taxpayers willing to settle disputes shall be allowed a complete waiver of interest and penalty if they pay the entire amount of tax before the stipulated date. 


Chronicles of Change Champions


    On 5 March 2020, the Union Minister for Women and Child Development Smriti Zubin Irani released a book titled 'Chronicles of Change Champions' at an event held in New Delhi. 
    The book is a compilation of 25 innovative initiatives taken at the state and district levels under the Prime Minister’s flagship scheme of 'Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao'. She also urged those districts that are lagging in the girl child sex ratio to work with best performing States like Haryana and Arunachal Pradesh who have done commendable work in improving the sex ratio of the girl child.


Supreme Court allows trade in cryptocurrency 


    On 4 March 2020, the Supreme Court struck down Reserve Bank of India (RBI)’s 2018 circular, preventing banks from providing services in support of cryptocurrencies. Among those entities that challenged the RBI were the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI), which represents the interests of the online and digital services industry, exchanges and crypto asset traders. 
    IAMAI argued that trading in cryptocurrencies in the absence of a law banning those was a 'legitimate' business activity under the Constitution. 


Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) - II


    On 4 March 2020, the Union government launched the second phase of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) (SBM (G) Phase-II). It will be implemented from 2020-2021 to 2024-2025 in a mission mode with an outlay of Rs.1,40,881 crores. Union Minister of Jal Shakti  Gajendra Singh Shekhawat on this occasion said that the second phase will focus on sustaining the gains made under the programme in the last five years in terms of toilet access and usage, ensuring that no one is left behind.
    It will continue to generate employment and provide impetus to the rural economy through the construction of household toilets and community toilets. It will also ensure that effective solid and liquid waste management (SLWM) is instituted in every Gram Panchayat of the country.


Pritzker Architecture prize 2020


    Pritzker Architecture prize awarded each year to a living architect/s for significant achievement. Irish based Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara was conferred with the Pritzker prize 2020. Both gained international fame for their inspired structures that include Paris's Institut Mines Telecom building. This is the first time a female duo conferred with architecture’s most prestigious award.


Model Questions


1.     Jan Aushadi Diwas celebrated on .....
    1) 1 March         2) 3 March        3) 5 March         4) 8 March        5) 7 March 


2.     Muhyiddin Yassin is the new Prime Minister of .....
    1) Finland      2) Iraq      3) Malaysia     4) Sudan     5) Israel 

 

3.    108th Indian Science Congress 2021 to be held in .....?
    1) Pune         2) Bangalore          3) Jalandhar        4) Imphal         5) Tirupathi

 

4.     How much aid committed by World Bank to help countries to combat the coronavirus outbreak?
    1) $ 18 billion      2) $ 16 billion     3) $ 12 billion     4) $ 20 billion     5) $ 10 billion

 

5.     From 16th to 20th May 2020, 4th Global Ayurveda Festival will be held at .....
    1) Kochi          2) Kanyakumari         3) Haridwar        4) Porbandar          5) Jammu

 

6.     The wrong combination is .....?
    1) Foreign Secretary-Harsh Vardhan Shringla   
    2) Chief Economic Adviser - Krishnamurthy Subramanian 
    3) 15th Finance Commission chairman  -  N.K. Singh 
    4) Finance Secretary - Ajay Bhushan Pandey 
    5) Securities & Exchange Board of India (SEBI) chairman - Subhash Chandra Khuntia 

 

7.     AJEYA WARRIOR-2020 is the joint military exercise between India and .....
    1) UK    2) France      3) Sri Lanka    4) Japan     5) Oman

 

8.     Namaste Orchha festival recently concluded in .....
    1) Arunachal Pradesh            2) Kerala           3) Assam          4) Madhya Pradesh          5) West Bengal

   

9.     Chapchar Kut is the biggest and most joyful festival of ?
    1) Maharashtra            2) Tamil Nadu            3) Mizoram              4)  Karnataka          5) Haryana

 

10.     National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) infused ..... in the rural banking system during the current fiscal year
    1) Rs.2.46 lakh crore      2) Rs.1.06 lakh crore     3) Rs.3.46 lakh crore     4) Rs.1.46 lakh crore    5) Rs.2.86 lakh crore

 

11.     Badminton Asia Championships 2020 shifted from Wuhan (China) to ..... due to coronavirus outbreak
    1) New Delhi, India     2) Manila, Philippines    3) Colombo, Sri Lanka       4) Katmandu, Nepal     5) Tokyo, Japan

 

Key: 1-5; 2-3; 3-1; 4-3; 5-1; 6-5; 7-1; 8-4; 9-3; 10-4; 11-2. 

NAMASTE OVER HANDSHAKE IS TO?

Union Cabinet Proposals

    Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi  approved to release an additional installment of Dearness Allowance (DA) to Central Government employees and Dearness Relief (DR) to pensioners with effect from 01.01.2020. There will be an increase of 4% over the existing rate of 17% of the Basic Pay/Pension, to compensate for price rise.
    Union Cabinet also approved reconstruction scheme for Yes Bank and also approved a proposal for the construction of 780 kilometer of green highways at a cost of Rs.7,660 crores.


World Kidney Day

    On every second Thursday in the month of March, the World Kidney Day is celebrated. This year, on 12 March 2020 the World Kidney Day observed.
    A global campaign aimed at raising awareness of the importance of kidneys done on this day.
    This year’s theme is ‘Kidney health for everyone everywhere from prevention to detection and equitable access to care’.
    It aims to raise awareness of the importance of our kidneys to our overall health and to reduce the frequency and impact of kidney disease and its associated health problems worldwide.


Cri-MAC launched

    Union Minister of State for Home Nityanand Rai launched the Crime Multi Agency Centre (Cri-MAC) for sharing of information on heinous crime and other issues related to inter-state coordination.
    He launched the Centre at a function organised on the occasion of 35th Inception Day of National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) on 12 March 2020.
    He also launched the National Cyber crime Training Centre (NCTC) for professional quality e-Learning services on cyber crime investigation to police officers, judges, prosecutors and other stakeholders.


International Yoga Day

    Leh, the capital of the Union territory of Ladakh will be the venue for the main event for International Yoga Day on 21 June 2020 and Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend the day celebrations.


MS Swaminathan Award

    V Praveen Rao, Vice-Chancellor of Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University (PJTSAU) was conferred with the Dr MS Swaminathan Award.
    He was selected for this award for his contributions in the fields of agricultural research, teaching, extension and administration. It carries a prize of Rs.2 lakh and a citation.
    Praveen Rao handled 13 research and six consultancy projects on micro irrigation in India, Israel and South Africa


Dadasaheb Phalke Awards

    Dadasaheb Phalke International Film Festival was held recently in Mumbai. Actor Ravi Dubey served as the host of show.
    Best Film award declared to film “Super 30”.
    Hrithik Roshan won the Best Actor Award for his performance in ‘Super 30’film.  In the film, he played the character of Anand Kumar and the film revolves around his social initiative.
    Dia Mirza took home the award for best actress for her performance in Kaafir.
    Best Actor in Television Series won by Dheeraj Dhoopar and Divyanka Tripathi Dahiya, who had played the lead role in the long-running TV show Yeh Hai Mohabbatein won the best television actress award. Big Boss 13 won Best Reality Show award. 


Animal Protection Index 

     India is one of the better-performing countries in the global Animal Protection Index 2020, created by international animal welfare charity, World Animal Protection. The index ranks countries from A (being the highest score) to G (being the weakest score) according to their policy and legislation. India has attained a C ranking in the index, along with countries like New Zealand, Mexico, France, and Spain.
 

39th GST Council

    On 14th March 2020, the 39th GST Council meeting was held under the chairmanship of Union Finance & Corporate Affairs Minister Smt Nirmala Sitharaman in New Delhi.
    The meeting was attended by finance ministers of different states and Union Territories and other senior officers. 
    The council took many decisions, including an increase in the tax rate on mobile phones and specified parts to 18% from 12%, allowing a full claim of input tax credit.
    GST (Goods and services Tax) on handmade, machine-made matchsticks has been rationalized to 12% while GST on MRO (Maintenance Repair Overhaul) services of aircraft has been slashed to 5% from 18%.
    She also said that a better GSTN system should be ensured by Infosys by July 2020.


Empowering Women Entrepreneurs

    Union Minister for Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises and Road Transport & Highways, Nitin Gadkari said that policy simplification of the government has resulted in an increased number of women entrepreneurs in the country. 
    He said that there are now around 80 lakh women entrepreneurs in Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector of the country and there has been an increase of about 38% under Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) enterprises being established by women entrepreneurs in last 5 years.
    ‘MSME SAMBANDH’ gives all the relevant information about procurements made by Central Public Sector Enterprises and a portal ‘Udyam Sakhi’ is meant for female entrepreneurs 

 

Nari Shakti Puraskar

    On 8 March 2020, the President of India Ram Nath Kovind, presented Nari Shakti Puraskar on the occasion of International Women’s Day at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan Cultural Centre (RBCC)
    The Nari Shakti Puraskar is a National Award in recognition of exceptional work for women empowerment, conferred every year on March 8 as a mark of respect and recognition for those who have demonstrated exemplary courage and stellar contribution towards empowerment of women.
    One of the awardees is Padala Bhudevi from Andhra Pradesh, who  has been working for the development of tribal women, widows, Podu lands through a community based organization- CAVS (Chinnai Adhivasi Vikas Society), established in 1996.
    Tashi and Nungshi are mountaineers since more than 8 years. They are the first female twins to scale Mt. Everest in 2013. They belong to Uttrakhand.
    Bhageerathi Amma and Karthyayini Amma (105 and 98 years respectively) passed the Class IV literacy equivalent examinations from Kerala are also among the winners.
    The award also conferred on Indian Air Force (IAF)  first women fighter pilots, Mohana Jitarwal, Avani Chaturvedi and Bhawana Kanth.

 

First female President of Greece

    Katerina Sakellaropoulou sworn in as the new President of Greece. She is the first female President of Greece, a former high court judge was voted overwhelmingly by parliament before two months. Greece must continue to adhere to its democratic principles and the state of law, moving toward “a future of prosperity that will have room for us all,” she said.
 

Ranji Trophy

    On 13 March 2020, Saurashtra won their maiden Ranji Trophy  title against Bengal in the final played at the Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium in Rajkot. It is their first-ever win in the history of India's premier domestic competition. Saurashtra posted 425 in their first innings. It successfully restricted Bengal on 381 in first Innings. In their second innings, Saurashtra put up 105 runs for the loss of four wickets in the 34 overs they batted on the final day before the players shook hands and agreed on a mutual draw. According to the rules of the tournament, if the final match is heading towards the draw, then whoever manages to take the first-innings lead is declared as the winner.


Writer: Amara Veeraswamy

18-3-2020

ANALOGY AND CLASSIFICATION

Keep soil alive..  protect soil biodiversity!

1. RBI declared that all branches of Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd. operate as branches of DBS Bank India Ltd. from 27 November 2020. Who is the present MD & CEO of DBS Bank India Ltd?
1) Rajesh Prabhu           2) Preeti Priya
3) Surojit Shome            4) Ravindra Bahl
5) Vikram Sud


2. RBI announced to increase the limit for contactless card transactions to…………..from Rs. 2,000 per transaction  from 1 January 2021
1) Rs. 10,000            2) Rs. 15,000
3) Rs. 5,000              4) Rs. 20,000
5) Rs. 25,000


3. As per monetary policy review statement announced by RBI governor on 4 December 2020, Real GDP growth projection for FY 21 revised to ………
1) −7.5%       2) −5.5%       3) −6.5%    4) −8.5%      5) −4.5%


4. The RBI projected CPI inflation at  …………..Q3 of FY 21
1) 4.8%     2) 1.5%     3) 8.4%     4) 3.8%     5) 6.8%


5. Banks can avail funds from RBI   under TLTRO to invest in sectors   under ECLGS 2.0 as per the recent   decision of RBI. In this context what  stands for ‘R’ in TLTRO?
1) Rupee      2) Repo     3) Real    4) Rule     5) Raise


6. Asian Development Bank on 20  November 2020 said it approved $   50 million loan to improve operational   efficiencies and resource  planning and management in…
1) West Bengal          2) Odisha             3) AP
4) Tamil Nadu            5) Chhattisgarh


7. The latest Policy rates and Reserve    Ratios of RBI are given, after declaration    of monetary policy review.   The wrong option is…………
1) Repo Rate : 4.00%     

2) Reverse Repo Rate : 3.35%     

3) Marginal Standing Facility  Rate : 4.25% 

4) Cash Reserve Ratio : 3.00%

5) All of above correct


8. RBI decided to make RTGS available round the clock on all days of the year with effect from …………
1) 25 December 2020
2) 31 December 2020
3) 14 December 2020
4) 14 January 2021
5) 1 February 2021


9. Which international monetary authority promised a loan of $132.8 million loan to Meghalaya to strengthen and modernize the distribution network and improve the
quality of power supplied to households, industries, and businesses on 1 December 2020?
1) AIIB      2) NDB     3) ADB     4) World Bank    5) USAID


10. On 25 November 2020, PM Modi released a special stamp and Rs. 100 commemorate coin on the foundation day of which university/ college/ Institution?
1) Jawaharlal Nehru University
2) Indian Institute of Science
3) IIT Delhi

4) St.Stephen’s College
5) Lucknow University


11. International Day of Banks is observed globally on…………
1) 1 December       2) 8 December
3) 10 December     4) 4 December
5) 11 December


12. World’s first central bank to have over 1 million followers on Twitter is......
1) Sveriges Riksbank, Sweden
2) People’s Bank of China, China
3) RBI, India
4) BangkoSentral ng Pilipinas,Philippines
5) State Bank of Pakistan, Pakistan


13. USA President-elect Joe Biden named whom as his nominee for treasury secretary? If confirmed by the Senate, she would be the first woman ever to hold the post.
1) Janet Yellen           2) Mala Adiga
3) Neera Tanden       4) Jen Psaki
5) Kate Bedingfield


14. RBI ordered which bank to suspend planned digital launches and the addition of fresh credit card customers, following frequent outages in online services ?
1) SBI      2) RBL Bank     3) HDFC Bank   4) YES Bank     5) Union Bank of India


15. To empower MSMEs with instant   digital loans, Suryoday Small  Finance Bank announced partnership  with…………….
1) Amazon Pay       2) Mobikwik       3) PhonePe   

4) G-Pay                 5) Paytm


16. ‘Ek Parivar Ek Bank’ is the punch   line of ……………
1) Bank of India        2) Dhanlaxmi Bank       3) Punjab National Bank

4) ICICI                     5) Bank of Maharashtra


17. Which international monetary organization  allocated $20.3 million aid  to its developing member countries  to access coronavirus vaccine on  17 November 2020?
1) AIIB     2) IDA    3) ADB   4) NDB    5) IMF


18. Who is the chairman of Indian Oil  Corporation appointed as the first  Vice-president of World Liquefied  Petroleum Gas Association  (WLPGA)?
1) PVG Menon                 2) Rajiv Jalota   3) Shrikant Madhav Vaidya
4) Akshay Kumar Singh   5) Sanjay Kumar Mishra


19. BRICS Economic Research Award   2020, declared by EXIM Bank  India conferred on……….
1) Dr. Dinesh Katre
2) Dr. Adam Yao Liu
3) Mark Carney

4) Seema Gupta
5) Aditya Puri


20. Which two nations are the biggest  contributors towards FDI equity  inflows to India as per the data  published by the Department for  Promotion of Industry and  Internal Trade (DIPP) between April and September 2020?
1) UK and USA
2) France and USA
3) Singapore and USA
4) Singapore and Mauritius
5) USA and Japan


21. Which day celebrated as ‘Awaas Diwas’ to commemorate the launch of PMAY-G, which aims to provide “Housing for All” by 2022?
1) 1 December     2) 14 December    3) 20 November

4) 30 November   5) 5 December


22. Which railway station renamed as  Mahadevappa Mailara Railway  Station in Karnataka?
1) Raichur                         2) Mandya     3) Haveri
4) Subramanya Road       5) Hassan


23. Who launched ANANDA (Atma Nirbhar Agents New Business Digital Application), a digital application for agents for onboarding to get a life insurance policy?
1) SBI Life                        2) HDFC Life      3) LIC
4) ICICI Prudential Life    5) Sri Ram Life Insurance


24. On 25 November 2020, who  launched the Securities Market  Trainers (SMARTs) program, an  initiative aimed at enhancing investor education and awareness?
1) RBI      2) BSE     3) NSE
4) SBI      5) SEBI


25. On 1 December 2020, which state  launched the biggest-ever DirectBenefit Transfer (DBT) scheme  called 'Orunodoi', aiming to cover 22 lakh families by transferring  Rs. 830 per month to the account  of one of the female members of the family?
1) Odisha    2) UP   3) West Bengal   4) Tamil Nadu   5) Assam


26. Uday Shankar was elected as the  new president of …………..
1) FICCI   2) NHB   3) ASOCHAM  4) CII   5) Exim Bank


27. Which North Eastern state was  conferred with four awards for its  more success in the fishery sector  by National Fisheries Development  Board?
1) West Bengal   2) Andhra Pradesh   3) Assam           

4) Maharashtra   5) Karnataka


28. Which nation declared a climate emergency on 2 December 2020 and pledged that its public sector would become carbon neutral by 2025?
1) USA    2) Russia  3) New Zealand 4) Norway  5) Sweden


29. Government of India appointed whom as the new Chairperson of National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)?
1) PD Vaghela   2) Varsha Joshi
3) Sahil Seth     4) Abhas Jha
5) SN Shrivastava


30. Union government unveiled which scheme to impart training to primary cooperative societies in rural areas on 24 November 2020?
1) Sahakar Pragya   2) ARYA    3) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana
4) ASPIRE               5) Nai Udaan


31. Who is Comptroller & Auditor General of India, elected as External Auditor of Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU), Geneva for a three-year term.
1) K K Venugopal
2) Pradeep Kumar Joshi
3) Girish Chandra Murmu
4) Harsh Vardhan Shringla
5) Desh Deepak Verma


32. India gets which rank in the renewable power capacity as per the statement given by PM Modi in the RE-Invest 2020 meet on 26 Nov 2020?
1) 2nd   2) 7th    3) 10th    4) 4th    5) 8th


33. "Keep soil alive, protect soil biodiversity" is the theme of World Soil Day observed on…
1) 5 December     2) 10 December
3) 7 December     4) 1 December
5) 3 December


34. Uttar Pradesh Cabinet cleared the proposal to rename which airport as Maryada Purushottam Sri Ram Airport?
1) Ayodhya    2) Lucknow    3) Mathura
4) Varanasi    5) Shravasti


35. Government of India is working on an idea to set up a refinery for production of aviation fuel from bamboo grown in the Gadchiroli district of………….
1) Karnataka    2) Maharashtra
3) Jharkhand   4) Arunachal Pradesh
5) Tripura


36. NITI Aayog formed a panel to study feasibility of hyperloop technology in India under the chairmanship of………..
1) Ajay Bhushan Pandey
2) Krishnamurthy Subramanian
3) Karnal Singh

4) VK Saraswat
5) Vinod Kumar Yadav


37. Reliance Industries got first rank in the Fortune 500 list of Indian firms. Which company got second rank?
1) ONGC   2) TATA Motors   3) IOC   4) TCS   5) ICICI Bank


38. Which Municipal Corporation bonds on 2 December 2020, became the first municipal bonds from North India listed on Bombay Stock Exchange?
1) Mumbai    2) Delhi    3) Lucknow   4) Kolkata    5) Pune

 

Key

1-3  2-3  3-1  4-5  5-2  6-1  7-5  8-3  9-3  10-5  11-4  12-3  13-1  14-3  15-5  16-5  17-3  18-3  19-2  20-3  21-3  22-3  23-3  24-5  25-5  26-1  27-3  28-3  29-2  30-1  31-3 

32-4  33-1  34-1  35-2  36-4  37-3  38-3

ANALOGY

Let us first try to define analogy: the word ‘Analogy' means 'correspondence/ similarity’. In analogy questions, a specific relationship is given & another similar relationship has to be identified from the given options.

Types of Analogies
In reasoning, generally we come across two types of analogies: Alphabet analogy and Numbers analogy.
Number Analogy covers two types of questions:

I. Choose a similar pair as the given pair in the question on the basis of the relation between the numbers pair given in the question.
II. Choose a number that is similar to a group of numbers on the basis of certain similar properties that they possess.


Example 1:
In the following question, select the related number from the given alternatives.
56 : 41 : : 94 : ?
a) 49           b) 53           c) 60           d) 89
Explanation: (5 × 6) + (5 + 6) = 30 + 11 = 41 Similarly (9 × 4) + (9 + 4) = 36 + 13 = 49
Answer: a


Example 2: In the following question, select the related number pair from the given alternatives
534 : 2 : : ? : ?
a) 102 : 9   b) 553 : 6   c) 884 : 2   d) 999 : 2
Explanation: (5 + 3) ÷ 4 = 2, Similarly (9 + 9) ÷ 9 = 2
Answer: d


Alphabet/ Letter Analogy
In this type of analogy, two groups of letters related to each other in same way, are given. The candidate is required to identify the relationship & choose a group of letters which is related in the same way to a 3rd group given in the question. These questions become easier to solve if you memorize the alphabetic positions of the letters in the alphabet. (eg: A = 1, M = 13, etc.)

Example: BCDE : PQRS : : WXYZ : ?
a) EFGH       b) KLMN       c) QJSP       d) TSUV
Explanation: Each letter of the 1st group is moved 14 steps forward to obtain the corresponding letter of the 2nd group. A similar relationship will exist between the 3rd and 4th groups.
Hence, the correct answer is option (b).

Word Analogy
If the relationship between one pair of words is similar to another pair of words then we say that both the pair of words is analogous to each other. In simple words, the relationship between two words must be same for other words associated with them too. The candidate is required to identify the relationship & choose a pair of words which is related in the same way to given in the question.

Example: In the following question, select the related word from the given alternatives.
Goiter : Iodine : : Anemia : ?
a) Vitamin D       b) Iron      c) Vitamin E      d) Calcium
Explanation: Here, we have cause and effect relationship. ‘Goitre’ is caused by the deficiency of ‘Iodine’. So, if ‘Goitre’ is related to ‘Iodine’, then ‘Anaemia’ will be related to ‘Iron’ as ‘Anaemia’ is caused by the deficiency of ‘Iron’. Hence, our answer is (b). 

Practice Questions
1. In the following question, select the related number from the given alternatives.
850 : 863 : : 430 : ?
a) 437         b) 442         c) 435         d) 451
Sol: 850 = 8 + 5 + 0 = 13
        850 + 13 = 863
Similarly, 430 = 4 + 3 + 0 = 7
                430 + 7 = 437
Ans: a

2. In the following question, select the related word from the given alternatives.
Pressure : Barometer : : ? : Odometer
a) Humidity      b) Distance      c) Thickness      d) Wind
Sol: As Barometer is used for measuring Pressure, similarly Odometer is used for measuring Distance.
Ans: b

3. In the following question, select the related letters from the given alternatives.
AEDM : ZQRN : : FLMO : ?
a) BZYS     b) CZYS     c) SZYB     d) YZBC
Sol: Similarly

Ans: a

4. In the following question, select the related number from the given alternatives.
3 : 27 : : 4 : ?
a) 63          b) 64         c) 65       d) 15
Sol: 33 = 27, similarly 43 = 64  
Ans: b

5. In the following question, select the related word from the given alternatives.
Book : Pages : : Continent : ?
a) Water   b) Forest   c) Countries   d) Land
Sol: Book consists Pages on the same way Continent consists Countries.
Ans: c


6. In the following question, select the related letters from the given alternatives.
JKLM : IIII : : PQRS : ? a) PPPP    b) OOOO    c) TTTT    d) OOPP
Sol:                               Similarly
  J     K  L   M               P   Q   R   S
 −1  −2 −3 −4             −1  −2 −3 −4
   I    I     I    I               O   O   O   O   
Ans: b

7. Select the related word from the given alternatives.
Father : Parent :: Sister : ?
a) Other     b) Brother     c) Daughter     d) Sibling
Ans: d

8. In the following question, select the related letters from the given alternatives.
AGN : IOV : : BLM : ?
a) JTU        b) KTU       c) JUV       d) TUJ
Sol: Similarly
A   G   N                       B   L   M
+8 +8 +8                     +8  +8 +8
 I    O   V                       J    T   U
Ans: a

9. In the following question, select the related number from the given alternatives.
9143 : 9963 : : 6731 : ?
a) 1368       b) 5666      c) 8964      d) 9694
Sol: 9143 = 9 + 1 + 4 + 3 = 17
       9963 = 9 + 9 + 6 + 3 = 27
Similarly, 6731 = 6 + 7 + 3 + 1 = 17
                8964 = 8 + 9 + 6 + 4 = 27
Ans: c

10. In the following question, select the related number from the given alternatives.
243 : 819 : : 163 : ?
a) 487         b) 563         c) 572         d) 593
Sol: (2 × 4 × 3) = 24 ⇒ 242 = 576 + 243 = 819
Similarly, 1 × 6 × 3 = 18      ⇒ 182 = 324 + 163 = 487
Ans: a

11. In the following question, select the related word from the given alternatives.
Vacant : Empty : : Dearth : ?
a) Descend        b) Scarcity         c) Squander       d) Abundant
Sol: As Vacant and Empty are synonyms to each other, similarly Dearth and Scarcity are synonyms to each other.
Ans: b

sentence arrangement

Directions (Qs. 1 - 20): Under each question, a sentence is divided into four parts which are named A, B, C, D and jumbled. Again below the parts are given four options and numbered 1, 2, 3, 4. Your job is to pick out one of the options which shows the correct sequence of the parts of the sentence after rearrangement and mark it as your answer.
1. A) a beautiful gift           B) on her birthday
    C) gave Geeta              D) Gopi
1) CDBA      2) DCBA       3) DCAB          4) CDAB

 

2. A) Rani             B) slowly
   C) at meetings     D) speaks
1) DCBA     2) CDBA       3) ABCD        4) ADBC

 

3. A) the needy and the poor       B) have sympathy
C) for                                            D) we must
1) DBCA  2) BACD        3) ABCD        4) DCBA

 

4. A) given a packet           B) was 
   C) and every child          D) every mother
1) DBCA     2) DCBA        3) CDBA       4) CBDA

 

5. A) with a screwdriver           B) can
   C) you                    D) open the box
1) ABCD      2) BCAD      3) CBDA      4) CABD

 

6. A) the cattle           B) in
C) are grazing           D) the fields
1) ABCD     2) DCBA        3) BCAD           4) ACBD

 

7. A) me      B) a lot        C) my parents        D) love
1) CDAB      2) CBAD        3) CADB     4) CDBA

 

8. A) as if       B) he were a rich man
C) Ravi          D) talks
1) DCBA     2) CDAB     3) CADB     4) CBAD

 

9. A) you                  B) help
C) the poor girl?      D) will
1) ABCD      2) BCDA     3) DABC     4) DBAC

 

10. A) Witness       B) the
C) produce            D) in the court
1) CBAD     2) CABD     3) DCAB     4) DABC

 

11. A) all                B) singers?
     C) your sons    D) are
1) ABCD     2) DACB     3) DCAB     4) ACBD

 

12. A) support         B) please
     C) poor student      D) the
1) ABCD     2) BCAD    3) ADCB    4) ADBC

 

13. A) are looking     B) forward to
     C) all the students    D) summer holidays
1) BCDA     2) CABD    3) CBAD     4) CADB

 

14. A) play       B) cricket daily?
      C) you            D) do
1) ABCD     2) DCAB    3) DBCA    4) ACBD

 

15. A) is               B) necessary 
      C) for success      D) patience as well as hardwork
1) BADC     2) ABCD     3) DABC      4) DBAC

 

16. A) haven't          B) paid the tax
      C) you                 D) yet?
1) ACBD      2) ABCD       3) ADBC      4) CADB

 

17. A) no sooner had          B) the cricket match
C) started               D) than it began to rain
1) ABCD     2) ACBD     3) ADCB     4) ADBC

 

18. A) a thirst      B) truth
C) for           D) Gandhiji had
1) ADCB    2) DACB     3) DBCA    4) ACBD

 

19. A) a doctor      B) one of
C) is to become     D) my desires
1) ABCD    2) BCDA     3) CDAB    4) BDCA

 

20. A) did                  B) where
C) write the National Anthem?        D) Tagore
1) DCBA     2) ABCD     3) BADC        4) BDAC

 

Directions (Qs. 21 - 33): Under each question, the first and the last sentences of a passage are numbered S1 and S6. The remaining four sentences are jumbled and named P, Q, R, S. Pick out one of the four options given below the passage which shows the correct order of the four sentences after the rearrangement and mark it as your answer.
21. S1) The motor car is one of the useful gifts of modern science.
P) One of them is the smoke and pollution that it creates.
Q) It has made short and medium distance journeys fast and comfortable.
R) Another one is that it has made journey by road hazardous.
S) Yet we can't say that a motor car is a blessing without disadvantages.
S6) Finally, in this age of energy crisis, a personal car is an expensive object to maintain.
1) QSPR      2) SPQR      3) PQRS       4) RSPQ

 

22. S1) The highway bypass would have disastrous effects on the house owners of the area.
P) Finally, the new road would cause residential properties depreciate.
Q) What is more, the house owners have to deal with the increased noise and pollution
R) This would increase vehicles in the neighbourhood.
S) The new road would cut through the middle of the subdivision.
S6) This means that families who chose to move away would have to sell their homes for far less than their current value.
1) PQRS    2) SRQP     3) QRSP     4) RSPQ

 

23. S1) An old man came and sat next to me.
P) I also noticed that his clothes were dirty and almost in rags.
Q) He had a long, white beard.
R) I asked him what he wanted.
S) He said that he wanted to tell my future.
S6) I laughed and said that I didn't believe in that sort of thing.
1) SRQP      2) RSPQ      3) SPQR      4) PQRS

 

24. S1) According to Greek mythology, Atlas was a Titan of enormous strength.
P) Zeus ordered Atlas to carry the earth and the sky for eternity.
Q) Because of his association with the globe, maps began to be decorated with this image of Atlas.
R) Atlas is shown as a stooped figure carrying the globe on his shoulders
S) Finally, the word, 'Atlas' came to denote a collection of maps.
S6) Today an 'Atlas' refers to any book that consists of several maps.
1) PQRS        2) QRSP      3) PRQS           4) SPRQ
25. S1) Nick was bored with life.
P) He caught the same bus to work.
Q) He did the same things in office.
R) He got up exactly at the same time.
S) Every day was exactly the same.
S6) He came home at the same time.
1) SRPQ     2) RPQS      3) PQRS      4) QRSP

 

26. S1) The Great Lakes are a group of
P) Superior is so called not because it is the largest.
Q) on the border between the USA and Canada
R) five freshwater lakes in North America
S) but because it is higher upstream than the others
S6) Huron takes its name from the name the French settlers gave it.
1) PRQS      2) PQRS       3) RQPS      4) RPSQ

 

27. S1) Lata was caught in a traffic jam.
P) would she really have to miss the interview
Q) But the vehicles on either side looked as though they would be there forever
R) The reason was that she was due to appear for an interview in less than half-an-hour
S) she was fretting: she could not afford to be late
S6) or worse-would she arrive late and create a bad first impression.
1) PQRS    2) SRQP     3) SRPQ      4) PRSQ

 

28. S1) The Bermuda Triangle is an area.
P) of many unexplained disappearances
Q) the three points of the triangle being Miami
R) is famous for being the supposed site
S) of the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Florida
S6) Bermuda and San Juan in Puerto Rico
1) PQRS     2) SRQP     3) SRPQ     4) PRQS

 

29. S1) Martha taught English Literature
P) she would involve them in roleplays
Q) Her students were young learners
R) This way the students found it easier to identify with the characters
S) they fell into the age group of 14-16 years
S6) They looked forward to attending her classes.
1) QRPS   2) QSPR     3) RSQP     4) RQPS

 

30. S1) Poliomyelitis or polio is a serious infection.
P) it often attacks children, paralysing them for life
Q) In the 1950s a vaccine against the disease was introduced
R) Hence, it is sometimes called infantile paralysis
S) It is caused by a virus
S6) Since then polio has been eliminated to a great extent.
1) PQRS    2) SRQP    3) QRSP    4) SPRQ

 

31. S1) Ravi's only son fell into bad company of village boys.
P) The father wanted to wean his son from the bad company
Q) A few days later all the bananas got spoiled
R) His father was much worried about his son's bad company
S) To teach his son a lesson, the father gave him a few good bananas with a rotten one
S6) The son understood the desired lesson his father wanted to teach him.
1) PQRS      2) SRQP      3) RPSQ       4) RSPQ

 

32. S1) Snakes are the most feared of all reptiles.
P) Things like superstition and ignorance come in the way of proper treatment
Q) It is also beneficial to man
R) The snake is not just a source of fear and harm alone
S) Many people are killed by snake-bite in India and in the world
S6) Medicines are also made from its poison.
1) QRSP   2) SPRQ     3) SRPQ      4) QPSR

 

33. S1) A jackal fell into a dyer's tub.
P) He ordered that he should be respected
Q) Meanwhile a lion arrived on the scene
R) He posed as the king of the forest
S) The dyed jackal ran away
S6) Other jackals ran after him and tore him to pieces.
1) PQRS   2) SRQP     3) QRSP     4) RPQS

 

Key With Explanations

1-3; This is a sentence with Subject + Verb + Indirect Object + Direct Object + Adjunct. If the indirect object is a person, it must be placed before the direct object.
2-4; This is a simple sentence with Subject + Verb + Adverb + Adjunct.
3-1; 4-2; 5-3; 6-4; 7-1; 8-2.
9-3;
Some questions begin with modal helping verbs (will, can, shall, must, would, couldshould, ought to)
10-1; In active voice, orders and commands usually begin with verbs.
11-2; Some questions begin with "B" Form verbs (Am, Is, Are, Was, Were.)
12-3; In active voice, requests usually begin with verbs and end with the word, "please".
13-2.
14-2;
Questions about habitual actions generally begin with "Do, Does', (In the Present) and with 'Was, and Were' (in the Past).
15-3.
16-1;
Some questions begin with helping verbs, Have, Has, Had. Such questions usually end with the adverb, Yet.
17-1; 18-2; 19-4.
20-3.
Some questions begin with 'Question Words' (Interrogative Pronouns/ Adverbs like where, when, why, who).
21-1; 22-2; 23-4; 24-3; 25-1; 26-3; 27-2; 28-3; 29-2; 30-4; 31-3; 32-2; 33-4.

SIMPLIFICATIONS

Directions (Q. 1 - 10): What will come in place of question mark (?) in the following questions?
1. 3463 × 295 − 18611 = ? + 5883
Ans: 997091
Exp:
3463 × 295 − 18611 = ? + 5883
 ? = 1021585 − 18611 − 5883 = 997091

 

2. 2652 ÷ 39 ÷ 17 = ?
Ans: 4
Exp:


Ans:  

Exp:

 

4. (4444 ÷ 40) + (645 ÷ 25) + (3991 ÷ 26) = ?
Ans: 290.4
Exp:
(4444 ÷ 40) + (645 ÷ 25) + (3991 ÷ 26)
  111.1 + 25.8 + 153.5 = 290.4

Ans:  382
Exp:

 


Ans: 3721
Exp:

 


Ans: 64
Exp:

 

8. (2746 × 49) + 150180 = ? × 118
Ans: 2413
Exp:

Ans: 3
Exp:

 

10. 362.3 × 61.4 ÷ 60.8 = 36?
Ans: 2.6

Exp:

 

Directions (Q. 11 - 20): What approximate value should come in place of question mark (?) in the following questions?
Note: You are not expected to calculate the exact value.

 

11. 39.897% of 4331 + 58.779% of 5003 = ?
Ans: 4700
Exp:
39.897% of 4331 + 58.779% of 5003
= 40% of 4330 + 60% of 5000
=  1732 + 3000 = 4732 ≈ 4700

 

Ans: 10

Exp:

13. 43931.03 ÷ 2111.02 × 401.04 = ?
Ans: 8300
Exp:
43931.03 ÷ 2111.02 × 401.04
 43930 ÷ 2110 × 400

  20.8 × 400 = 8320 ≈ 8300

 


 
Ans: 180
Exp: 

 


Ans: 4890
Exp:

 

16. 1339.28% of 49.67 = ?
Ans: 670
Exp:
1339.28% of 49.67
1340% of 50 = 50% of 1340 = 670

 

17. 335.01 × 244.99 ÷ 55 = ?
Ans: 1490
Exp:
335.01 × 244.99 ÷ 55
=  335 × 245 ÷ 55
 = 335 × 4.45 ≈ 1490

 

Ans:  51
Exp:


19. 124.945 + 7.894 × 1.493 = ?
Ans:  137
Exp:
124.945 + 7.894 × 1.493 = ?
125 + 8 × 1.5 = 137

 

20. (352 % of 49.6) − 74.638 = ?
Ans:  100
Exp:
(352% of 49.6) − 74.638
350% of 50 − 75 = 100

 

Directions (Q. 21 - 25): What should come in place of question mark (?) in the following questions?
21. (56 × 280) ÷ (14 × 112) = ?
Ans: 10
Exp:
(56 × 280) ÷ (14 × 112)

 

22. 9207 ÷ 27 × (0.2)2 = ?
    1) 136.4     2) 2492    3) 1.364    4) 126.7    5) None of these
Ans: 5
Exp:
9207 ÷ 27 × (0.2)2

 


Ans: 3
Exp:

 


Ans: 616
Exp:

 

Ans:  
Exp:

 

SIMPLE INTEREST & COMPOUND INTEREST

1. The simple interest on a sum of money is 1/9 of the principal and the number of years is equal to the rate percentage per annum. Find the rate percentage.
 a) 3%     b)  1/3%       c) 10%     d) 9%     
Sol: Let R be the rate percentage. Then, 

Ans: b

2. The difference between the CI and SI on a certain sum of money at 5% per annum for 2 years is Rs.1.50. Find the sum.
a) Rs.6,000         b) Rs.1,200         c) Rs.600        d) Rs.300 

Ans: c 3. The simple interest on a certain sum of money at 4% per annum for 4 years is Rs.80 more than the simple interest on the same sum of money for 3 years at 5% per annum. Find the sum.
a) Rs.4,000       b) Rs.8,000       c) Rs.4,030       d) None of these
Sol: Let the principal amount be P. Then, 4 

Ans: b


4. In what time will Rs.2,000 amount to Rs.2,500 at 10% per annum simple interest?
a) 2.5 years          b) 1.5 years            c) 2 years                  d) 5 years 
Sol: Let T be the time. Then, 


Ans: a

5. A sum invested at 4% simple interest p.a. grows to Rs.648 in 5 years. In two years the same amount at 10% simple interest p.a. will grow to
a) Rs.600          b) Rs.650          c) Rs.648              d) Rs.594
Sol: Let sum be Rs.x, then SI = Rs.(648 - x) 

Ans: c

6. Ravi borrowed Rs.5,000 for 10 years at the rate of 3% per annum SI from Raj. How much interest will Raj earn at the end of  this period?
a) Rs.1,500        b) Rs.1,000            c) Rs.15,000           d) Rs.1507
Sol: P = Rs.5,000     r = 3% p.a.    n = 10 years 

Ans: a

7. If a sum of money at  a certain rate of simple interest  doubles in 5 years and at a different rate of simple interest becomes three times in 12 years, the better rate of interest is in
a) Case-1            b) Case-2           c) Equal in both cases             d) None of these
Sol:  Case 1: SI = A - P = 2P - P = P 

Hence, rate of interest is better in Case-1.
Ans: a

8. An amount of money becomes Rs.4,840 in 2 years and Rs.5,324 in 3 years on CI. Find the rate percentage per annum.
a) 10%          b) 15%          c) 12%          d) 8% 

Ans: a

9. In what time does a sum of money become four times at simple interest rate of 5% per annum?
a) 60 years       b) 61 years       c) 63 years        d) 65 years
Sol: Let the principal amount be p. For it to become four times, interest should be 3p. 

Ans: a

10. If a sum on compound interest becomes three times in 4 years, then with the same interest rate, the sum will become 81 times in
a) 16 years          b) 8 years         c) 12 years          d) 24 years 

11. Divide Rs.1,105 between A and B, so that the amount of A after 5 years is equal to the amount of B after 7 years, the interest being compounded at 10% per annum.
a) Rs.705, Rs.400          b) Rs.605, Rs.500             c) Rs.650, Rs.455              d) None of these
Sol: Let two parts be Rs.x and 

So, the two parts are Rs.605 and (1105 − 605) = Rs.500.
Ans: b

12. Divide Rs.3,650 into two parts such that the SI on the first part at 6% for 2 years is equal to the SI on the second part at 4% in 3 years. Find the two parts.
a) Rs.1,900, Rs.1,750          b) Rs.1,825, Rs.1,825            c) Rs.2,000, Rs.1,650          d) Rs.1,800, Rs.1,850
Sol: First part = Rs.x, R = 6%, N = 2 years
Second part = 3,650 − x, R = 4%, N = 3 Years
According to the given condition, 

⇒ 2x = 3650  
⇒  x = Rs.1,825
Second part = 3,650 - 1,825 = Rs.1,825.
Ans: b

13. A bank offers 5% per annum CI calculated on half-yearly basis. A customer deposited Rs.1,600 each on  January 1 and July 1 of a year. The interest he would have gained at the end of the year is
a) Rs.120         b) Rs.244          c) Rs.121          d) Rs.81
Sol: Since rate of interest is half yearly 

Total CI = 3,321 − 1,600 − 1,600 = Rs.121.
Ans: c

14. The rate of interest for the first 2 years is 6% per annum, for the next 3 years is 16% per annum, and for the period beyond 5 years is 20% per annum. If a man gets Rs.6,080 as a simple interest for 6 years, then how much amount did he deposit?
a) Rs.8,000         b) Rs.6,400        c) Rs.7,600          d) Rs.7,200
Sol: Let deposited amount be Rs.x. Then, 

⇒ x = Rs.7,600        
Ans: c

15. A man borrows Rs.6,720 to be paid back with compound interest at the rate of 10% per annum by the end of 2 years in two equal yearly installments. How much will each installment be?
a) Rs.3,608         b) Rs.3,902            c) Rs.3,872             d) Rs.4,048
Sol: Let the value of each installment be x, Then, 

So, each installment = Rs.3,872
Ans: c

16. The CI and SI on a certain sum for 2 years is Rs.40.80 and Rs.40 respectively. Find the rate of interest per annum and the sum.
a) 3%, Rs.425         b) 4%, Rs.500          c) 5%, Rs.600            d) 2%, Rs.620 

Ans: b



 

FLYPAST TRIBUTE TO COVID HEROES

National


Lockdown Extended


The third phase of lockdown with different relaxations in green, orange and red zones came into effect till the 17 of May 2020.
 According to the Home Ministry, activities prohibited throughout the country, irrespective of the zones are air, rail, metro travel, inter-state movement by road, schools, colleges and other educational, training and coaching institutions, hospitality services, including hotels and restaurants.
    Places that see large-scale public gatherings such as cinema halls, malls, gymnasiums, sports complexes etc will continue to remain shut and movement of individuals for all non-essential activities in all three zones from 7 am till 7 pm. 
    In the Red zones, the intensified surveillance protocols, contact tracing and 100% coverage of Aarogya Setu app. Containment zones will see house to house surveillance, home/ institutional quarantining of affected and clinical management. 
    With restrictions and social distancing, in the Red Zone the movement of individuals and vehicles with a maximum of 2 persons (besides the driver) in four-wheeler vehicles, and with no pillion rider in the case of two-wheelers allowed. The work in Special Economic Zones, Export Oriented Units, industrial estates and industrial townships allowed.   All Government offices, Food-processing units,  agriculture activities etc allowed.
    In Orange zones, the activities in Red zone are allowed and Inter-district movement of individuals and vehicles will be allowed also for permitted activities.
    In the Green zones, practically all day to day activities have been allowed barring congregations.
    Buses can operate with up to 50% seating capacity and bus depots can operate with up to 50% capacity. All goods traffic is to be permitted. No separate pass of any sort is needed for such movement.            E-commerce for non-essentials and liquor sale are allowed.


Gratitude towards Covid warriors

 The three wings of defence forces joined hands together to show their gratitude towards the corona virus warriors on 3 May 2020.
    These covid heroes, including doctors, nurses, hygiene and sanitation staff, police personnel, media and several others engaged in maintenance of essential services and supplies have stead fastly contributed to the effort to prevent spread of Covid-19.
    From Srinagar to Thiruvananthapuram and Dibrugarh to Kachchh, the Army carried out various activities like laying wreath at the Police Memorials, honouring and felicitating health professions and emergency supply operatives. The armed forces say ‘thank you’ to COVID-19 warriors who are at the forefront of the battle against the deadly Coronavirus pandemic. Indian airforce paid tribute by showering petals and flypasts for the COVID-19 warriors. 
The Navy and Indian Coast Gurad  ships formed formations near shores at select locations. Ships were illuminated at 25 locations covering the entire coastline of the country.

 

Kisan Sabha app

The Central Road Research Institute (CRRI), the lab of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) launched an app called Kisan Sabha to resolve the problems related to the agricultural supply chain and freight transportation Management System.
    In the present situation of COVID-19 Lockdown, the farmers are looking for help in taking their  produce to the market as possible as early to get more prices. They are also in tense to procure seeds and fertilizer from the market. So a robust supply chain management is urgently required to facilitate the timely delivery of the produce at the best possible prices.
    The App was remotely launched by Director General, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra on 1 May 2020.
    The App could be a one-stop solution for farmers, transporters and other entities engaged in the agriculture sector.


Task Force on NIP

The task force under economic affairs secretary Atanu Chakraborty submitted its final report on the “national infrastructure pipeline” (NIP) to Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman.
    The task force firmed up a road map for capital investments of Rs 111 lakh crore in infrastructure,  during the period FY 2020-25 pledging 71% of the expenditure for energy, roads, urban development and railways, and envisaging a key role for private investors.
    The final report identifies and highlights recent infrastructure trends in India as well as global in all sectors of infrastructure. It also captures sector progress, deficits and challenges.
    Out of the total expected capital expenditure of Rs. 111 lakh crore, projects worth Rs. 44 lakh crore (40% of NIP) are under implementation, projects worth Rs. 33 lakh crore (30%) are at conceptual stage and projects worth Rs. 22 lakh crore (20%) are under development Information regarding project stage are unavailable for projects worth Rs. 11 lakh crore (10%). 
    The Centre (39%) and the states (40%) are expected to have almost equal share in implementing the infrastructure pipeline, followed by the private sector (21%).


International

 

NAM summit

 Prime Minister Narendra Modi emphasized on coordinated approach to fight against COVID-19. 
    He attended virtual Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Summit 4 May 2020 through Video Conference and said that the world needs a new template of globalization post COVID-19 based on fairness, equality and humanity. He said that the humanity is facing a major crisis in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic and NAM can contribute in dealing with it. He said the Non Aligned Movement can help promote global solidarity and it must remain inclusive.
    The PM also said “India is regarded as pharmacy of the world especially for affordable medicines and despite own needs during COVID-19 pandemic, it has ensured supply of medicines to 123 partner countries including 59 NAM members.” Without naming Pakistan, Modi said some countries are spreading “other deadly viruses” such as terrorism, fake news and doctored videos.


G20 Digital Economy Ministers meeting

On 30 April 2020, an Extraordinary Virtual G20 Digital Economy Ministers meeting was convened to discuss the challenges posed by the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Union Minister for Law & Justice, Communications and Electronics & IT Ravi Shankar Prasad attended the meeting. He called on the G20 to come out with a concrete Digital action plan to fight the global pandemic.
    G20 Digital Ministers agreed to leverage the potential of Digital medium to stop the spread of the pandemic and protect people. While the minister talked about work from home culture, he also spoke about the need for developing digitally connected and more resilient global supply chains supported by innovations.


BRICS for revival

 On 28 April 2020, the foreign Ministers of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and  South Africa) nations held a virtual meeting to discuss the impact of the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic. The meeting decided to set up a $15 billion fund for member nations to revive the economy.
    The leaders discussed how to overcome the financial, trade, economic and social consequences of the pandemic. The meeting was held at the initiative of Russia with Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, as Russia is the chair of BRICS for 2020.
    S. Jaishankar,  the External Affairs Minister of India highlighted the initiatives and various decisive steps taken early by India in the wake of the pandemic including through Aarogya Setu Citizen App and Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package.


Petersberg Climate Dialogue

 Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar participated in the eleventh session of Petersberg Climate Dialogue on 28 April 2020. He said how the world is united engaged in finding a vaccine for novel Coronavirus, likewise it should have climate technology as open source which must be available at affordable cost. He stressed on the issue of climate finance and said the world now needs more. “We must plan for one trillion dollar in grants to developing world immediately”, he added
    This is the first virtual Climate Dialogue, hosted by Germany since 2010 to provide a forum for informal high-level political discussions, focusing both on international climate negotiations and the advancement of climate action.
    The Union Minister also participated in an Indo-German bilateral meeting through video conference just before the Petersberg Climate Dialogue.


Others


Commonwealth Youth Games postponed

The seventh Commonwealth Youth Games were scheduled to take place from 1-7 August 2021, in Trinidad and Tobago, postponed to 2023. 
    The Commonwealth Youth Games are postponed because of clash of dates with the Tokyo Olympics. The Tokyo Olympics was originally scheduled to be held from 23 July-to 8 August 2020, but was postponed to 2021 owing to the COVID-19 pandemic. Common wealth Games Federation president Dame Louise Martin said the decision was taken in the best interest of athletes and fans.

 

Rishi Kapoor died 

 Veteran Bollywood Actor Rishi Kapoor died at the age of 67 on 30 April 2020 in Mumbai, after a two-year battle with leukemia. The actor, who had charmed his way into millions of hearts , the Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted that Kapoor "was a powerhouse of talent," adding that he would always recall their interactions, even on social media.
    He got the National Film Award for Best Child Artist, Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actor  in his long silver screen career.

 

Order of Rising Sun

Thangjam Dhabali Singh, the doctor by profession and founder of the Manipur Tourism Forum (MTF), was conferred the 'Order of Rising Sun - Gold and Silver Rays' by the Japan government on 29 April 2020. The 'Order of the Rising Sun' is conferred on persons with achievements in international relations, promotion of Japanese culture, environmental preservation, welfare or achievements in their fields. It was constituted by Japanese Emperor Meiji in 1875.
    He organized the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Imphal of the Second World War. Several Japanese citizens, including officials from the Embassy of Japan in India participated in the event. 

 

Model Questions


1.  Who was appointed as the next Ambassador/ Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations at New York?
    1) Shantanu Narayen                 2) Gita Gopinath 
    3) T. S. Tirumurti           4) Laxmi     
    5) Ajay Banga

 

2. Prime Minister of Russia is ..?
    1) Mikhail Mishustin      2) Askar  Mamin  
    3) Ali Asadov     4) Abdulla Aripov      5) Kokhir Rasulzoda

 

3. World Press Freedom Day observed on ….
        1) 1 May      2) 8 May      3) 3 May          4) 29 April               
    5) 14 April

 

4. Asian Development Bank approved $ 346 million loan to provide reliable power connection in the rural areas of ……    
    1) Telangana               2) Maharashtra             3) Andhra Pradesh            4) Chhattisgarh             5) Himachal Pradesh

 

5.  RBI cancelled the license of which Mumbai based Co-operative bank on 2 May 2020?
    1) Apna Sahakari Bank               2) Citizen Credit Co-operative Bank  
    3) CKP Co-operative Bank         4) Cosmos Co-operative Bank   
    5) Janalaxmi Co-operative Bank 

 

6.  Who has been chosen for the Nikkei Asia Prizes 2020 in ‘Science and Technology’ category for his work in nanotechnology-based water purification?
       1) Adam Higginbotham           2) Prachi Salve  
       3) Prof. T. Pradeep                  4) Prof. K. Vijay 
       5) Dr.C.N.R.Rao  

 

Key: 1-3  2-1  3-3  4-2  5-3  6-3

 

ALPHABETICAL ORDER OF WORDS

In this type of questions the given words are to be arranged in the alphabetical order like in the dictionary. In this method first consider the first letter arrange them in the order and consider second letter and arrange them in the order then take next letter so on. Arrange the given words accordingly. 
 

Arrange the given words in alphabetical order and choose the one that comes first.
 

*  1) Intense      2) Intellect      3) Intend      4) Intelligent        5) Integument
Ans: 5.
Hint: Integument, Intellect, Intelligent, Intend, Intense

 

*  1) Didactic       2) Dictum       3) Dictionary         4) Diastole      5) Dictate
Ans: 4. 
Hint: Diastole, Dictate, Dictionary, Dictum, Didactic

 

*   1) Animate      2) Animosity       3) Anguish          4) Ankle         5) Announce
Ans: 3.
Hint:  Anguish,  Animate,  Animosity,  Ankle,  Announce

 

*     1) Qualify         2) Quarter           3) Quarrel             4) Quarry         5) Quaver
Ans: 1.
Hint:   Qualify,    Quarrel,    Quarry,    Quarter,    Quaver

 

*   1) Judiciary         2) Jockey         3) Javelin          4) Jealous        5) Jargon
Ans: 5.
Hint:  Jargon,   Javelin,   Jealous,   Jockey,   Judiciary

 

*  1) Blast      2) Bottle     3) Bondage       4) Boisterous      5) Bonafide
Ans: 1.
Hint: Blast,        Boisterous,         Bonafide,          Bondage,          Bottle 

 

*  1) Tenacious     2) Terminate       3) Temperature       4) Temple       5) Tenant
Ans: 3.
Hint:  Temperature,   Temple,    Tenacious,  Tenant,   Terminate

Arrange the given words in alphabetical order and tick the one that comes in the middle.
 

*   1) Plane             2) Plain                      3) Plenty                  4) Player                 5) Place
Ans: 1.
Hint:   Place,     Plain,     Plane,     Player,     Plenty

 

*   1) Parasite            2) Party               3) Petal             4) Paste                5) Prick
Ans: 4.
Hint:  Parasite,       Party,      Paste,     Petal,      Prick 

 

*   1)  Catastrophe     2)  Canvass      3)  Crisp      4)  Charcoal      5)  Character
Ans: 5.
Hint:  Canvass,    Catastrophe,    Character,      Charcoal,    Crisp

 

*  1) Delude        2) Delirium       3) Defer       4) Demean        5) Delete
Ans: 2.
Hint:  Defer,      Delete,       Delirium,       Delude,           Demean

 

*  1) Verrigate         2) Vibrate           3) Vindictive           4) Trench          5) Wavering
Ans: 2.
Hint:  Trench,   Verrigate,   Vibrate,   Vindictive,   Wavering

 

*   1) Firmament        2) Finish        3) First          4) Fissure        5) Fiscal
Ans: 3.
Hint: Finish,        Firmament,         First,       Fiscal,          Fissure

 

*  1) Amphibian    2) Amorphous    3) Amphidextrous    4) Ambiguous      5) Ambivalent
Ans: 2. 
Hint:  Ambiguous,      Ambivalent,       Amorphous,     Amphibian,     Amphidextrous

 

*   1) Entry            2) Efflorescent             3) Entreat            4) Ensure              5) Every
Ans: 3.
Hint:  Efflorescent,        Ensure,         Entreat,          Entry,         Every

 

Arrange the given words in alphabetical order and tick the one that comes at the second place.
 

*   1) Converse       2) Current                 3) Curator               4) Cutaneous              5) Cushion
Ans: 3.
Hint:  Converse,         Curator,         Current,            Cushion,           Cutaneous

 

*    1) Mink       2) Multiple       3) Murder        4) Multitude       5) Music
Ans: 2.
Hint:  Mink,     Multiple,      Multitude,       Murder,         Music

 

*   1) Rural          2) Romance           3) Rejoice                4) Reveal               5) Retain
Ans: 5.
Hint:   Rejoice,     Retain,          Reveal,           Romance,           Rural
In each of the following questions, arrange the given words in which they occur in the dictionary and then choose the correct sequence.
*    A) Peach            B) Praise                C) Precinct                D) Precept             E) Precede
1) 2,1,5,4,3          2) 2,1,3,4,5              3) 2,5,1,4,3              4) 1,2,5,4,3          5) None of these
Ans: 1.

 

*    A) Select            B) Seldom               C) Send                   D) Selfish                      E) Seller
1) 1,2,4,5,3           2) 2,1,5,4,3               3) 2,1,4,5,3                4) 2,5,4,1,3           5) None of these
Ans: 3. 

 

*    A) Wrinkle              B) Wriggle                 C) Writhe               D) Wretch              E) Wrath
1) 4,5,1,2,3          2) 5,4,2,1,3             3) 4,2,5,1,3             4) 5,2,1,3,4        5) None of these
Ans: 2.

 

*    A) Spruce           B) Spume             C) Spree              D) Spurt                 E) Sprawl
1) 5,3,1,2,4        2) 1,2,3,4,5             3) 3,5,1,4,2              4) 5,4,3,2,1         5) None of these
Ans: 1

 

*   A) Credential         B) Creed              C) Crease           D) Cremate            E) Credible
1) 1,2,3,4,5         2) 1,5,3,4,2        3) 5,1,2,3,4       4) 3,1,5,2,4         5) None of these
Ans: 4.

 

*   A) Intrinsic     B) Intrude     C) Intricate        D) Introvert     E) Intrigue      F) Introduce
1) 3,5,1,4,6,2         2) 3,5,1,6,4,2             3) 3,1,5,4,6,2         4) 5,1,3,2,4,6       5) None of these
Ans: 2.

 

*   A) Liver           B) Long            C) Late           D) Load           E) Luminous            F) Letter
1) 3,1,6,2,4,5         2) 3,1,6,2,5,4         3) 3,6,1,2,4,5          4) 3,6,1,4,2,5      5) None of these
Ans: 4. 

 

Answer the following questions based on the alphabet given below:
AB C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

26. If the letters of the word PRODUCTIVE which are at the odd-numbered position in the English alphabet are picked up and arranged in alphabetical order from left and if they are now substituted by Z, Y, X and so on, beginning from left, which letter will get substituted by W?

1) No letter will get substituted by W.        2)  O         3)  E           4)  C          5) None of these
Ans:  2. 

 

*   What will come in the place of question mark (?) in the following series?
GPW,        GPUW,      GIPUW,       GIPSUW,       ?
1) GIHPSUW         2) GIPQSUW            3) GIKPSUW            4) GUPSUV    5) None of these
Ans: 3. 

 

*  If the alphabets are written in reverse order after interchanging alphabets from 'D to L' with those from ‘R to Z' respectively, which letter would be midway between W and E in the new order?
1) Z              2) N                 3) D               4) There is no such letter                   5) None of these
Ans: 2. 

 

*  If every third letter from the following English alphabet is dropped, which letter will be seventh to the right of eleventh letter from your right?
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W   X   Y   Z
1) V                  2) U                  3) K                  4) I                         5) None of these
Ans: 1.
Hint: After dropping every third letter, we get A B  D  E  G  H  J  K  M  N  P  Q  S  T  V  W  Y  Z ( 11 - 7 )  =  4th from the right

 

*   A B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z
          Four of the following five letter groups of the English alphabet given above are alike in a certain way and so form a group. On the basis of their position in English alphabet, which is the one that does not belong to the group?
1) DKG               2) FMI              3) MTP                4) JQM              5) HOL
Ans: 5.
Hint: In all others, the sequence is that of +7 and - 4 respectively.

 

Following questions are based on English alphabet.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

*  If the letters from T to Z are interchanged by the letters A to G in such a way that A takes the position of T and so on, then which will be the third letter to the left of 18th from the right?
1) Y                   2) U                3) B                    4) C                     5) None of these
Ans: 1.
Hint: 3rd letter to the left of 18th letter from right. = ( 18 + 3 ) = 21st letter from
right = ( 26 - 21 + 1)  6th from left = F. In the changed sequence, Y comes in place of F.

 

*  If the first 6 letters shall be written in opposite order, then the next 6 letters shall be written in opposite order and so on, and at the end Y will be interchanged by Z then which will be the fourth letter to the right of 13th letter from left?
1) J                  2) H                     3) I                   4) O                          5) None of these
Ans: 5
Hint: 4th to the right of 13th from left = ( 13 + 4 ) =  17th from left =  Q.

 

*   What will come in place of question mark(?) in the following series?
       DGK      GKP     ?     PVC
1) GKV              2) KPV             3) PVZ                 4) KPU                  5) None of these.
Ans: 2
Hint: First letter moves + 3, + 4, + 5 places forward, Second letter + 4, + 5, + 6, and third letter + 5, + 6, + 7 in consecutive terms.

Who unveiled the Statue of Peace..?

International

Biden new team
On 24 November 2020, the USA President-elect Joe Biden announced his nominees for key foreign policy and national security roles as the transition process officially began. Antony Blinken will be secretary of state and John Kerry as Climate change envoy. He picked Linda Thomas-Greenfield to represent his nation in UNO as ambassador. He announced many firsts on the team, including Avril Haines, a former deputy director of the C.I.A, who would be the first woman to serve as director of national intelligence, and Alejandro Mayorkas, who would be the first Latino and first immigrant to lead the Department of Homeland Security.
While unveiling the new team Biden said “America is back” and noted that Jake Sullivan, his choice to serve as National Security Adviser, would be the youngest person to coordinate the national security team in decades.


12th BRICS Summit
On 17 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually participated in the 12th summit of BRICS (Brazil Russia - India - China - South Africa) group. This year's theme was 'Global stability, shared security and innovative growth'. While addressing the meet, PM Modi reiterated India's long-standing demand for reformed multilateralism. He also touched upon the need to reform the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in light of contemporary challenges. Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the approval of the Moscow Declaration, the BRICS Anti-Terrorism Strategy and the BRICS updated strategy for the economic partnership until 2025 at the culmination of the 12th BRICS summit.


India’s own IRNSS
On 11 November  2020, India became the fourth country in the world to have its independent regional navigation satellite system recognised by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) as a part of the World Wide Radio Navigation System (WWRNS). Now this navigation system can replace GPS (Global Positioning Systems) in the Indian Ocean waters up to 1500 km from the Indian boundary.  By this, India has become the fourth country to have its independent regional navigation system after the USA, Russia and China.


'My understanding about Gandhi'
A special anthology on Mahatma Gandhi 'Maile Bujheko Gandhi' (My understanding about Gandhi) was released by Nepal President Bidhya Devi Bhandari during a ceremony at Kathmandu on 9 November 2020. The pictorial anthology in Nepalese has been released to celebrate 151st Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and to mark the culmination of the two years long celebrations of '150 years of Mahatma'. The book has been brought out by the Embassy of India along with the BP Koirala India-Nepal Foundation. 


Second World Health Expo
The Second World Health Expo was held between 11-14 November 2020 in Wuhan, the capital city of Central China’s Hubei Province.  The expo features 12 different venues for audiences to experience the most frontier health technology. 

 

APEC 2020
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) began on 20 November 2020 hosted by Malaysia. The official theme of the summit is "Optimising Human Potential Towards a Resilient Future of Shared Prosperity: Pivot. Prioritise. Progress". After the virtual summit, the leaders issued the Kuala Lumpur Declaration. They adopted the Putrajaya Vision 2040, which is a new 20-year growth vision to replace the Bogor Goals named after the Indonesian town where leaders agreed in 1994 to free and open trade and investment. The leaders also pledged to build an “open dynamic, resilient and peaceful region” by 2040. 


UMANG International Version
On 23 November 2020, UMANG app's international version was launched by Union IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad
during a virtual conference to mark three years of the platform. The UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) app provides a single platform to access pan India e-governance services ranging from central to local government bodies, and other citizen-centric services. It will help Indian international students, NRIs and Indian tourists abroad, to avail Government of India services, anytime.


G 20 Summit
Prime Minister Narendra Modi stressed the importance of reforms in multilateral organisations to ensure better global governance for faster post-Covid recovery at the G-20 Summit hosted by Saudi Arabia between 21-22 November 2020. The theme of the summit was "Realising the Opportunities of the 21st Century for All”. The G-20 Riyadh Summit Leaders Declaration said that G 20 next meetings will be in Italy in 2021, Indonesia in 2022, India in 2023 and Brazil in 2024.

 

National

Varunastra
The Chairman of DRDO, G.Satheesh Reddy, flagged off the first Varunastra, the Heavy Weight Torpedo, being delivered to the Indian Navy, at a ceremony held at Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) Visakhapatnam Unit on 21 November 2020. Varunastra  has been designed and developed by NSTL (Naval Science & Technological Laboratory) Visakhapatnam. Varunastra is a ship-launched, heavyweight, electrically-propelled anti-submarine torpedo capable of targeting quiet submarines, both in deep and shallow waters in an intense countermeasures environment.


Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge
On 19 November 2020, the Union minister of state Housing and Urban Affairs (Independent Charge) Hardeep Singh Puri launched the Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge, to ensure that no person needs to enter a sewer or septic tank, unless unavoidable in the interest of greater public hygiene. The virtual event witnessed participation of representatives from 243 cities across the country, coming together to take a pledge to mechanize all sewer and septic tank cleaning operations by 30th April 2021. The Challenge will focus extensively on creating citizen awareness on this critical issue along with infrastructure creation for mechanized cleaning and capacity building of the workforce. The initiative was launched on the occasion of World Toilet Day, observed every year on 19 November.


Lilavati Awards 2020
On 17 November 2020, Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched AICTE’s Lilavati Awards 2020 virtually. The Theme of the award is “Women Empowerment”. This award intends to recognize the efforts being made by AICTE approved institutions to treat women with ‘equality and fairness’ in all spheres of their lives.

 

Statue of Peace 
Prime Minister Modi unveiled the 151inch tall “Statue of Peace” to mark 151st Birth Anniversary of Jainacharya Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj on 16 November 2020 which was installed at Vijay Vallabh Sadhana Kendra, Jetpura, in Pali, Rajasthan. Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj (1870-1954) led an austere life as a Jain Saint working selflessly and dedicatedly to spread the message of Lord Mahavira.


SITMEX-20
The Second edition of India, Singapore and Thailand Trilateral Maritime Exercise SITMEX-20 was held from 21 to 22 November 2020 in the Andaman Sea. The exercise was conducted to increase the mutual inter-operability and imbibing best practices among the three naval forces. This year SITMEX hosted by Singapore.

 

Vaccine review tour
On 28 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited three cities to review the vaccine development and manufacturing process for COVID being done by various pharma companies. He visited the Zydus Biotech Park in Ahmedabad, Bharat Biotech in Hyderabad and Serum Institute of India in Pune.


All India Presiding Officers Conference
President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the 80th All India Presiding Officers Conference at Kevadia, Gujrat on 25 November 2020.  The Theme of the conference was ‘Harmonious Coordination between Legislature, Executive and JudiciaryKey to a Vibrant Democracy’.  The Lok Sabha Speaker and the Chairman of the All India Presiding Officers Conference Om Birla said that there will be a commitment to implement the decisions taken during the two-day conference in a phased manner.  


Garima Greh..  
On 25 November 2020, the Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Thaawarchand Gehlot inaugurated ‘Garima Greh, the Shelter Home for Transgender Persons’ in Vadodara, Gujarat virtually. He also e-launched a ‘National Portal for Transgender Persons’. The Portal would help a transgender person in applying for a Certificate and Identity card digitally from anywhere in the country without having to visit any office. It should be noted that the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019 came into effect on 10th January 2020 is the first concrete
step towards ensuring the welfare of Transgender persons.


PRAGTI meeting
Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired the 33rd PRAGTI (Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation) meeting on 25 November 2020.  In this, multiple projects, grievances and programmes were reviewed involving the cost of Rs 1.41 lakh crore that were related to ten states and union territories. 


Bengaluru Tech Summit
On 19 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Bengaluru Tech Summit (BTS) 2020 virtually.  PM had given a call to the young talents to create robust cybersecurity solutions to protect our data and IT-based products.  Prime Minister of Australia Scott Morrison participated in the meet who said that Bengaluru is India's biggest tech cluster.

 

Others

2020 UN Population Award
On 11 November 2020, the Queen Mother of Bhutan, her Majesty Gyalyum Sangay Choden Wangchuck, was announced as the individual laureate for the 2020 United Nations Population Award.  HelpAge India was announced as the award’s institutional laureate. Gyalyum Wangchuck is a longstanding champion of sexual and reproductive health and rights and the need to end violence against women, girls and children in Bhutan. The world’s ageing population has
gained increasing attention in recent years, but HelpAge India has been working with and for disadvantaged elderly people in India for nearly four decades. Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1981, the United Nations Population Award recognizes contributions in the fields of population and reproductive health.


Vatayan Award
Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal was conferred with the Vatayan Lifetime Achievement Award for his exemplary contribution in the field of literature on 21 November 2020. The award was conferred in an online ceremony for his contribution in the field of literature. The award - given by the VatayanUK organisation in London - honours poets, writers and artists for exemplary work in their respective fields. Nishank earlier received several awards in the field of literature and administration including Sahitya Bharati award, Sahitya Gaurav Samman and Bharat Gaurav Samman.

 

Jallikattu
A Malayalam film about a hunt for a bull on the run ‘Jallikattu’ was selected as this year's Oscar entry in the Best International Feature Film category of the 93rd Academy Awards 2021. The film directed by Lijo Jose Pellissery. The film was premiered at the Toronto Film Festival and was also screened at the Busan festival. It is based on a short story by the writer S Hareesh titled Maoist. 


International Children's Peace Prize
On 14 November 2020, Sadat Rahman, a teenager from Bangladesh won the International Children's Peace Prize for his efforts to educate young people about cyberbullying. He was inspired to create this mobile app to help young people report online abuse after hearing about a 15-year-old girl who took her own life because of bullying. The prize is given away by the international children’s rights organization KidsRights to a child, who fights courageously for children’s rights.


National Newborn Week 2020
National Newborn Week 2020 observed from 15 November to 21 November. The theme of the National Newborn Week is 'Quality, equity, dignity for every newborn at every health facility and everywhere’. On this eve, Union Health Minister
Harsh Vardhan said that India has successfully met the 2017 target of the newborn mortality rate of 24 per 1,000 live births and is making efforts to fulfil the target of stillbirth rate of 19 per 1,000 total births by this year. He released a detailed progress card on India Newborn Action Plan targets. He further added that a newborn mortality rate of 23 per 1,000 live births as per the Sample Registration System (SRS), 2018, and estimates of the United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNIGME).


Booker Prize
Douglas Stuart of Scotland won the Booker Prize for fiction ‘Shuggie Bain’ on 19 November 2020.  The prestigious 50,000 pounds ($ 66,000) award conferred on his debut novel about a boy in Glasgow (Scotland) trying to support his mother, as she struggles with addiction and poverty. Stuart dedicated his book and his prize to his mother, who died of alcoholism when he was 16. Burnt Sugar, a novel written by Avni Doshi, the Indian origin American woman author, settled in Dubai is one among the nominated books for this coveted prize.

 

Model Questions

1. Who was re-elected as the president of Athletics Federation of India?
1) Dr Michael Irani     2) Rohan Jaitley      3) Adille Sumariwalla     4) Anil Jain     5) Gyanendro Ningombam

 

2. The USA President-elect Joe Biden appointed an Indian-American as the policy director of his wife Jill Biden. He/ She is……..
1) Manga Anantatmula      2) Renu Khator     3) Sruthi Palaniappa      4) Rita Baranwal     5) Mala Adiga

 

3. Abhayam, the project for safety and security of women passengers launched by…....
1) AP       2) Telangana       3) Kerala        4) MP        5) Delhi

 

4. India International Cherry Blossom Festival, the calendar event of which state cancelled this year in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic?
1) Manipur      2) Nagaland     3) Mizoram      4) Meghalaya       5) Tripura

 

5. Women's T-20 World Cup 2023 to be hosted by……….
1) India       2) Australia      3) South Africa      4) Sri Lanka      5) New Zealand


6. Delhi got 62nd rank in the list of World’s Best Cities for 2021 prepared by Resonance Consultancy Limited. Which city got the first rank in the world?
1) New York      2) Paris      3) Moscow      4) London      5) Los Angles

 

7. Which nation successfully launched its Chang'e-5 lunar mission to collect rocks from the moon?
1) Japan     2) North Korea     3) China     4) South Korea     5) Thailand

 

8. 14-year-old girl won the prestigious Children's Climate Prize for designing a mobile ironing cart using solar panels to power a steam iron box rather than conventional charcoal. She is........
1) Vinisha Umashankar     2) Aishwarya Sridhar     3) Seema Gupta      4) Sudha Painuli       5) Neelakantha Jonnalagadda

 

9. Who is elected as the new chairman of International Cricket Council (ICC)?
1) Giovanni Infantino      2) Jacques Rogge     3) Greg Barclay      4) Thomas Bach     5) Chris Kermode

 

10. Francisco Sagasti was sworn in as interim president of which nation on 17 November 2020?
1) Peru     2) Moldova     3) Ivory Coast     4) Tanzania     5) Kosovo

 

11. Aung San Suu Kyi's ruling National League for Democracy (NLD) claimed a victory in Myanmar’s second parliamentary election. What is the currency of Myanmar?
1) Kyat       2) Taka       3) Shilling        4) Rupee    5) Tenge

 

12. List of important days given. The correct combination is...
1) National Education Day-11 NOV      2) Public Service Broadcasting Day-12 NOV
3) Samvidhan Diwas or Constitution Day - 26 NOV     4) World Toilet Day - 19 NOV     5) All of above


13. India’s longest single-lane motorable suspension bridge in Tehri Garhwal district on Tehri lake was inaugurated in………
1) Chhattisgarh     2) Assam    3) Arunachal Pradesh    4) Uttarakhand     5) Maharashtra

 

14. Who was appointed as state icon of Punjab by the Election Commission of India?
1) Chacha Chaudhary    2) Harmanpreet Kaur     3) Sonu Sood    4) Yuvraj Singh     5) Harbhajan Singh

 

15. Which Cyclone caused damage in the states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andhra Pradesh recently?
1) Gaja         2) Gati         3) Nivar       4) Goni         5) Eta

 

16. Who is the author of the book ‘A promised Land’?
1) Shashi Tharoor     2) Boris Johnson     3) Barack Obama     4) Romila Thapar     5) Pope Francis

 

17. The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26 to be hosted between 1-12 November 2021 at……….
1) Zurich, Switzerland     2) Paris, France    3) Bonn, Germany    4) Buenos Aires, Argentina    5) Glasgow, Scotland

 

18. ‘Delhi Crime’  won the best drama series honour at the 48th International Emmy Awards. Who is the director of the series?
1) Ismail Umar Khan     2) Garry Bhinder     3) Sumeet Sachdev     4) Richie Mehta     5) Krishna CH

 

19. World’s first library for children on a tram launched in….
1) Pune    2) Chennai    3) Kolkata      4) Cuttack     5) Aizawl

 

20. Lonar Lake in which state has been chosen as a wetland site of international importance under the Ramsar conservation treaty?
1) Karnataka      2) Maharashtra      3) MP       4) Assam       5) Jammu and Kashmir

 

Key:  1-3;   2-5;  3-1;  4-4;  5-3;  6-4;  7-3;  8-1;  91-3;   10-1;   11-1;   12-5;   13-4;   14-3;  15-3;   16-3;  17-5;   18-4;   19-3;   20-2.

Who unveiled the Statue of Peace..?

International

Biden new team
On 24 November 2020, the USA President-elect Joe Biden announced his nominees for key foreign policy and national security roles as the transition process officially began. Antony Blinken will be secretary of state and John Kerry as Climate change envoy. He picked Linda Thomas-Greenfield to represent his nation in UNO as ambassador. He announced many firsts on the team, including Avril Haines, a former deputy director of the C.I.A, who would be the first woman to serve as director of national intelligence, and Alejandro Mayorkas, who would be the first Latino and first immigrant to lead the Department of Homeland Security.
While unveiling the new team Biden said “America is back” and noted that Jake Sullivan, his choice to serve as National Security Adviser, would be the youngest person to coordinate the national security team in decades.


12th BRICS Summit
On 17 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually participated in the 12th summit of BRICS (Brazil Russia - India - China - South Africa) group. This year's theme was 'Global stability, shared security and innovative growth'. While addressing the meet, PM Modi reiterated India's long-standing demand for reformed multilateralism. He also touched upon the need to reform the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in light of contemporary challenges. Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the approval of the Moscow Declaration, the BRICS Anti-Terrorism Strategy and the BRICS updated strategy for the economic partnership until 2025 at the culmination of the 12th BRICS summit.


India’s own IRNSS
On 11 November  2020, India became the fourth country in the world to have its independent regional navigation satellite system recognised by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) as a part of the World Wide Radio Navigation System (WWRNS). Now this navigation system can replace GPS (Global Positioning Systems) in the Indian Ocean waters up to 1500 km from the Indian boundary.  By this, India has become the fourth country to have its independent regional navigation system after the USA, Russia and China.


'My understanding about Gandhi'
A special anthology on Mahatma Gandhi 'Maile Bujheko Gandhi' (My understanding about Gandhi) was released by Nepal President Bidhya Devi Bhandari during a ceremony at Kathmandu on 9 November 2020. The pictorial anthology in Nepalese has been released to celebrate 151st Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and to mark the culmination of the two years long celebrations of '150 years of Mahatma'. The book has been brought out by the Embassy of India along with the BP Koirala India-Nepal Foundation. 


Second World Health Expo
The Second World Health Expo was held between 11-14 November 2020 in Wuhan, the capital city of Central China’s Hubei Province.  The expo features 12 different venues for audiences to experience the most frontier health technology. 

 

APEC 2020
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) began on 20 November 2020 hosted by Malaysia. The official theme of the summit is "Optimising Human Potential Towards a Resilient Future of Shared Prosperity: Pivot. Prioritise. Progress". After the virtual summit, the leaders issued the Kuala Lumpur Declaration. They adopted the Putrajaya Vision 2040, which is a new 20-year growth vision to replace the Bogor Goals named after the Indonesian town where leaders agreed in 1994 to free and open trade and investment. The leaders also pledged to build an “open dynamic, resilient and peaceful region” by 2040. 


UMANG International Version
On 23 November 2020, UMANG app's international version was launched by Union IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad
during a virtual conference to mark three years of the platform. The UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) app provides a single platform to access pan India e-governance services ranging from central to local government bodies, and other citizen-centric services. It will help Indian international students, NRIs and Indian tourists abroad, to avail Government of India services, anytime.


G 20 Summit
Prime Minister Narendra Modi stressed the importance of reforms in multilateral organisations to ensure better global governance for faster post-Covid recovery at the G-20 Summit hosted by Saudi Arabia between 21-22 November 2020. The theme of the summit was "Realising the Opportunities of the 21st Century for All”. The G-20 Riyadh Summit Leaders Declaration said that G 20 next meetings will be in Italy in 2021, Indonesia in 2022, India in 2023 and Brazil in 2024.

 

National

Varunastra
The Chairman of DRDO, G.Satheesh Reddy, flagged off the first Varunastra, the Heavy Weight Torpedo, being delivered to the Indian Navy, at a ceremony held at Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) Visakhapatnam Unit on 21 November 2020. Varunastra  has been designed and developed by NSTL (Naval Science & Technological Laboratory) Visakhapatnam. Varunastra is a ship-launched, heavyweight, electrically-propelled anti-submarine torpedo capable of targeting quiet submarines, both in deep and shallow waters in an intense countermeasures environment.


Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge
On 19 November 2020, the Union minister of state Housing and Urban Affairs (Independent Charge) Hardeep Singh Puri launched the Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge, to ensure that no person needs to enter a sewer or septic tank, unless unavoidable in the interest of greater public hygiene. The virtual event witnessed participation of representatives from 243 cities across the country, coming together to take a pledge to mechanize all sewer and septic tank cleaning operations by 30th April 2021. The Challenge will focus extensively on creating citizen awareness on this critical issue along with infrastructure creation for mechanized cleaning and capacity building of the workforce. The initiative was launched on the occasion of World Toilet Day, observed every year on 19 November.


Lilavati Awards 2020
On 17 November 2020, Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched AICTE’s Lilavati Awards 2020 virtually. The Theme of the award is “Women Empowerment”. This award intends to recognize the efforts being made by AICTE approved institutions to treat women with ‘equality and fairness’ in all spheres of their lives.

 

Statue of Peace 
Prime Minister Modi unveiled the 151inch tall “Statue of Peace” to mark 151st Birth Anniversary of Jainacharya Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj on 16 November 2020 which was installed at Vijay Vallabh Sadhana Kendra, Jetpura, in Pali, Rajasthan. Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj (1870-1954) led an austere life as a Jain Saint working selflessly and dedicatedly to spread the message of Lord Mahavira.


SITMEX-20
The Second edition of India, Singapore and Thailand Trilateral Maritime Exercise SITMEX-20 was held from 21 to 22 November 2020 in the Andaman Sea. The exercise was conducted to increase the mutual inter-operability and imbibing best practices among the three naval forces. This year SITMEX hosted by Singapore.

 

Vaccine review tour
On 28 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited three cities to review the vaccine development and manufacturing process for COVID being done by various pharma companies. He visited the Zydus Biotech Park in Ahmedabad, Bharat Biotech in Hyderabad and Serum Institute of India in Pune.


All India Presiding Officers Conference
President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the 80th All India Presiding Officers Conference at Kevadia, Gujrat on 25 November 2020.  The Theme of the conference was ‘Harmonious Coordination between Legislature, Executive and JudiciaryKey to a Vibrant Democracy’.  The Lok Sabha Speaker and the Chairman of the All India Presiding Officers Conference Om Birla said that there will be a commitment to implement the decisions taken during the two-day conference in a phased manner.  


Garima Greh..  
On 25 November 2020, the Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Thaawarchand Gehlot inaugurated ‘Garima Greh, the Shelter Home for Transgender Persons’ in Vadodara, Gujarat virtually. He also e-launched a ‘National Portal for Transgender Persons’. The Portal would help a transgender person in applying for a Certificate and Identity card digitally from anywhere in the country without having to visit any office. It should be noted that the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019 came into effect on 10th January 2020 is the first concrete
step towards ensuring the welfare of Transgender persons.


PRAGTI meeting
Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired the 33rd PRAGTI (Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation) meeting on 25 November 2020.  In this, multiple projects, grievances and programmes were reviewed involving the cost of Rs 1.41 lakh crore that were related to ten states and union territories. 


Bengaluru Tech Summit
On 19 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Bengaluru Tech Summit (BTS) 2020 virtually.  PM had given a call to the young talents to create robust cybersecurity solutions to protect our data and IT-based products.  Prime Minister of Australia Scott Morrison participated in the meet who said that Bengaluru is India's biggest tech cluster.

 

Others

2020 UN Population Award
On 11 November 2020, the Queen Mother of Bhutan, her Majesty Gyalyum Sangay Choden Wangchuck, was announced as the individual laureate for the 2020 United Nations Population Award.  HelpAge India was announced as the award’s institutional laureate. Gyalyum Wangchuck is a longstanding champion of sexual and reproductive health and rights and the need to end violence against women, girls and children in Bhutan. The world’s ageing population has
gained increasing attention in recent years, but HelpAge India has been working with and for disadvantaged elderly people in India for nearly four decades. Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1981, the United Nations Population Award recognizes contributions in the fields of population and reproductive health.


Vatayan Award
Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal was conferred with the Vatayan Lifetime Achievement Award for his exemplary contribution in the field of literature on 21 November 2020. The award was conferred in an online ceremony for his contribution in the field of literature. The award - given by the VatayanUK organisation in London - honours poets, writers and artists for exemplary work in their respective fields. Nishank earlier received several awards in the field of literature and administration including Sahitya Bharati award, Sahitya Gaurav Samman and Bharat Gaurav Samman.

 

Jallikattu
A Malayalam film about a hunt for a bull on the run ‘Jallikattu’ was selected as this year's Oscar entry in the Best International Feature Film category of the 93rd Academy Awards 2021. The film directed by Lijo Jose Pellissery. The film was premiered at the Toronto Film Festival and was also screened at the Busan festival. It is based on a short story by the writer S Hareesh titled Maoist. 


International Children's Peace Prize
On 14 November 2020, Sadat Rahman, a teenager from Bangladesh won the International Children's Peace Prize for his efforts to educate young people about cyberbullying. He was inspired to create this mobile app to help young people report online abuse after hearing about a 15-year-old girl who took her own life because of bullying. The prize is given away by the international children’s rights organization KidsRights to a child, who fights courageously for children’s rights.


National Newborn Week 2020
National Newborn Week 2020 observed from 15 November to 21 November. The theme of the National Newborn Week is 'Quality, equity, dignity for every newborn at every health facility and everywhere’. On this eve, Union Health Minister
Harsh Vardhan said that India has successfully met the 2017 target of the newborn mortality rate of 24 per 1,000 live births and is making efforts to fulfil the target of stillbirth rate of 19 per 1,000 total births by this year. He released a detailed progress card on India Newborn Action Plan targets. He further added that a newborn mortality rate of 23 per 1,000 live births as per the Sample Registration System (SRS), 2018, and estimates of the United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNIGME).


Booker Prize
Douglas Stuart of Scotland won the Booker Prize for fiction ‘Shuggie Bain’ on 19 November 2020.  The prestigious 50,000 pounds ($ 66,000) award conferred on his debut novel about a boy in Glasgow (Scotland) trying to support his mother, as she struggles with addiction and poverty. Stuart dedicated his book and his prize to his mother, who died of alcoholism when he was 16. Burnt Sugar, a novel written by Avni Doshi, the Indian origin American woman author, settled in Dubai is one among the nominated books for this coveted prize.

 

Model Questions

1. Who was re-elected as the president of Athletics Federation of India?
1) Dr Michael Irani     2) Rohan Jaitley      3) Adille Sumariwalla     4) Anil Jain     5) Gyanendro Ningombam

 

2. The USA President-elect Joe Biden appointed an Indian-American as the policy director of his wife Jill Biden. He/ She is……..
1) Manga Anantatmula      2) Renu Khator     3) Sruthi Palaniappa      4) Rita Baranwal     5) Mala Adiga

 

3. Abhayam, the project for safety and security of women passengers launched by…....
1) AP       2) Telangana       3) Kerala        4) MP        5) Delhi

 

4. India International Cherry Blossom Festival, the calendar event of which state cancelled this year in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic?
1) Manipur      2) Nagaland     3) Mizoram      4) Meghalaya       5) Tripura

 

5. Women's T-20 World Cup 2023 to be hosted by……….
1) India       2) Australia      3) South Africa      4) Sri Lanka      5) New Zealand


6. Delhi got 62nd rank in the list of World’s Best Cities for 2021 prepared by Resonance Consultancy Limited. Which city got the first rank in the world?
1) New York      2) Paris      3) Moscow      4) London      5) Los Angles

 

7. Which nation successfully launched its Chang'e-5 lunar mission to collect rocks from the moon?
1) Japan     2) North Korea     3) China     4) South Korea     5) Thailand

 

8. 14-year-old girl won the prestigious Children's Climate Prize for designing a mobile ironing cart using solar panels to power a steam iron box rather than conventional charcoal. She is........
1) Vinisha Umashankar     2) Aishwarya Sridhar     3) Seema Gupta      4) Sudha Painuli       5) Neelakantha Jonnalagadda

 

9. Who is elected as the new chairman of International Cricket Council (ICC)?
1) Giovanni Infantino      2) Jacques Rogge     3) Greg Barclay      4) Thomas Bach     5) Chris Kermode

 

10. Francisco Sagasti was sworn in as interim president of which nation on 17 November 2020?
1) Peru     2) Moldova     3) Ivory Coast     4) Tanzania     5) Kosovo

 

11. Aung San Suu Kyi's ruling National League for Democracy (NLD) claimed a victory in Myanmar’s second parliamentary election. What is the currency of Myanmar?
1) Kyat       2) Taka       3) Shilling        4) Rupee    5) Tenge

 

12. List of important days given. The correct combination is...
1) National Education Day-11 NOV      2) Public Service Broadcasting Day-12 NOV
3) Samvidhan Diwas or Constitution Day - 26 NOV     4) World Toilet Day - 19 NOV     5) All of above


13. India’s longest single-lane motorable suspension bridge in Tehri Garhwal district on Tehri lake was inaugurated in………
1) Chhattisgarh     2) Assam    3) Arunachal Pradesh    4) Uttarakhand     5) Maharashtra

 

14. Who was appointed as state icon of Punjab by the Election Commission of India?
1) Chacha Chaudhary    2) Harmanpreet Kaur     3) Sonu Sood    4) Yuvraj Singh     5) Harbhajan Singh

 

15. Which Cyclone caused damage in the states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andhra Pradesh recently?
1) Gaja         2) Gati         3) Nivar       4) Goni         5) Eta

 

16. Who is the author of the book ‘A promised Land’?
1) Shashi Tharoor     2) Boris Johnson     3) Barack Obama     4) Romila Thapar     5) Pope Francis

 

17. The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26 to be hosted between 1-12 November 2021 at……….
1) Zurich, Switzerland     2) Paris, France    3) Bonn, Germany    4) Buenos Aires, Argentina    5) Glasgow, Scotland

 

18. ‘Delhi Crime’  won the best drama series honour at the 48th International Emmy Awards. Who is the director of the series?
1) Ismail Umar Khan     2) Garry Bhinder     3) Sumeet Sachdev     4) Richie Mehta     5) Krishna CH

 

19. World’s first library for children on a tram launched in….
1) Pune    2) Chennai    3) Kolkata      4) Cuttack     5) Aizawl

 

20. Lonar Lake in which state has been chosen as a wetland site of international importance under the Ramsar conservation treaty?
1) Karnataka      2) Maharashtra      3) MP       4) Assam       5) Jammu and Kashmir

 

Key:  1-3;   2-5;  3-1;  4-4;  5-3;  6-4;  7-3;  8-1;  91-3;   10-1;   11-1;   12-5;   13-4;   14-3;  15-3;   16-3;  17-5;   18-4;   19-3;   20-2.

VOCABULARY

Vocabulary: Meanings (synonyms)

1. Mrs Bates tried to domesticate Anna.

    Domesticate  to make (an animal) able to live with man and serve him  tam  bring under control  train
2. What God decrees we have to accept.
     Decree  command  decide  order  judgement
3. We were nonplussed that the mistress of the house had heard of the tragedy.
     Nonplussed  confused  surprised  puzzled  bewildered  dazed
4. They endeavoured to explain it as an act of charity.
    Endeavour  strive  try hard  make an effort  attempt  struggle
5. All this played real havoc on our imagination.
    Havoc  destruction  disturbance  disorder  disaster  devastation  chaos
6. I found that I could scarcely breathe.
    Scarcely  barely  almost not  hardly  (only) just
7. It was an eternal mystery to us.
    Eternal  forever  always  never ending  endless  everlasting  incessant  continual
8. God had taken the baby at such a tender age.
     Tender  delicate  young  child-like  gentle
9. We shuddered as we gnawed at the hunk of meat.
     Shudder  tremble  quiver  shake  shiver  tremor
10. The dog snarled at the intruder.
      Snarl  scowl  growl  threaten  intimidate  scare

Choose the alternative that best fits the blank:

1. The dancers were in Japanese __________. (outfit, dress, costume)
2. He is a wolf in the ___________ of a sheep. (attire, costume, garb)
3. She came to the party ________ her new diamond necklace. (showing, sporting, having)
4. We recognised him to be a policeman by his_________. (attire, uniform, garment)
5. The beggar's _________ were in tatters. (clothes, dress, costume)

Conditional clause ('If ' clause):

Conditional clauses are classified into three types based on the tenses.
They are:   1. Probable (possible) condition
                    2. Improbable condition
                    3. Unfulfilled condition

                                            Type - I
Probable / possible condition
Usage: We use this type to talk about the future activities that are quite possible.
Structure: If (Subject + V1     Subject + can / will / may + V1)
e.g: If you work hard,                     you can get the first rank.
Simple present tense               Simple future tense
1. Walk fast or you will miss the bus.
 If you walk fast,                    you will not miss the bus.
  sub + V1                                    sub + will + V1
 Unless you walk fast, you will miss the bus.
                                   (unless = if not)

2. Take the medicine regularly or you may fall ill again.
          If you take the medicine regularly you may not fall ill again.
          Unless you take the medicine regularly, you may fall ill again.

                                           Type - II
 Improbable / Imaginary condition

Usage: We use this type to talk about the actions that we think are possible but not very
             probable. It indicates that we do not expect the action in the If-clause to take place.
Structure: If (Subject + V2  Subject + could / would / might + V1)
 e.g: If I were a doctor,    I could give you treatment.
                V2                            V1
Note:     [  V1         V2          V3]
            is         are        been
                are       were
e.g: 1) I am not a bird. So, I can' t fly in the sky.
  If I were a bird,                    I could fly in the sky.
V- Simple past tense          conditional past

 Note: [ The above sentence is quite imaginary. It is not possible, i.e., unreal]
 2) I don't have money. So I can't give you any.                                          (March 2003)
 If I had money,                    I could give you some / any.
     V2                                       conditional past
Note:       [  V1         V2         V3]
              have   had     had
                  has
[The above sentence is not possible for that situation, but quite imaginary]
3) I don't have time. So, I can't accept the job.
      If I had time,     I could accept the job.


                                         Type - III
 Unfulfilled condition

Usage: We use this type to talk about past actions that didn't happen. It expresses a condition in the past that hasn't been fulfiled (Unfulfilled).
Structure: If [ subject + had + V3  subject would have / could have / might have + V3]
                  

e.g: If you had asked me,               I would have helped you.
Past perfect tense                     Perfect conditional tense
1. He didn't study well. So, he failed.                                                                  
     If he had studied well, he would not have failed.
2. She didn't carry her driving license. So, she had to pay a fine.
      If she had carried her driving license, she would not have had to pay a fine.
3. You didn't take the medicines regularly. So, you fell ill again.
     If you had taken the medicines regularly, you would not have fallen ill again.
4. I was held up in a traffic jam. So, I missed the train.                                        
     If I had not been held up in a traffic jam, I would not have missed the train.
5. No precautions were taken. So, many were killed in the cyclone.
     If precautions had been taken, many would not have been killed in the cyclone.


Notice the following structures:
Type I            Sub + V1                Sub + will
Type II          Sub + V2                Sub + would
Type III        Sub + had + V3     Sub + would have           

If you invite me,   I will attend the party.
              V1
 If you invited me,   I would attend the party.
                 V2
 If you had invited me,   I would have attended the party.
              had + V3

SERIES

   In this, generally you are given a long series of numbers. The candidate is required to find out how many times a number satisfying the conditions specified in the question, occurs.
 

Some Models:
 

      3  2  5  1  7  2  8  5  9  3  5  5  4  1  6  5  3  8  5  4  3  5  1  3  2  5  6
In the above sequence in some cases, the multiplication of the two digits which immediately precede the digit '5' exceeds the multiplication of the two digits which immediately follow that digit. How many such 5's are there?
     1) 7           2) 6          3) 5         4) 4            5) None of these
Ans: 4.
Hint:  3  2  5  1  7  2  8  5  9  3  5  5  4  1  6  5  3  8  5  4  3  5  1  3  2  5  6

 

*    In the following number series how many such 2's are there which are immediately preceded by a pair of numbers whose product is more than the product of pair of numbers immediately following?
      7  7  2  1  3  9  4  2  6  5  2  4  8  3  5  2  7  6  5  2  9  2  8  6  4  3  9  2  4  6  5  7

   1) 1            2) 2            3) 3             4) 4              5) None of these
Ans: 4.
Hint:  7  7  2  1  3  9  4  2  6  5  2  4  8  3  5  2  7  6  5  2  9  2  8  6  4  3  9  2  4  6  5  7

 

*     In the sequence given below the sum of the two digits which immediately precede the digit '3' exceeds the sum of the two digits which immediately follow the digit '3' and sum of the two digits which immediately follow the digit '5' exceeds the sum of the two digits which immediately precede the digit '5'. How many such 3's and 5's are there?
3  3  5  6  5  5  3  7  7  8  9  9  3  3  5  6  7  5  3  5  1  3  5  1  3  5  5  3  2  8  3  5
     1) 5                2) 6                3) 7                 4) 8                5) None of these
Ans: 2.
Hint: 3  3  5  6  5  5  3  7  7  8  9  9  3  3  5  6  7  5  3  5  1  3  5  5  3  2  8  3  5

 

*     3  2  8  4  3  8  5  4  6  2  1  8  3  5  8  7  9  8  6  3  2  7  0  8  5  1  8  8  9  7  4
In the above sequence in some cases the multiplication of the two digits which immediately precede the digit 8 exceeds the addition of the two digits which immediately follow that digit. How many such 8's are there?
     1) Three             2) Four            3) Five            4) Six                 5) None of these
Ans: 5.
Hint: 2  3  4  2  5  2  5  2  3  2  6  7  2  2  3  4  5  6  2  7  8  2  9  2  0  2  5  2  6  7  2  3  2

 

*     In the following number series how many 4's are there which are immediately preceded by a pair of number whose product is more than the product of the pair of number immediately following?
2  3  4  5  3  3  4  7  6  5  2  4  3  2  4  5  1  4  2  2  4  8  4  9  7  4  0  9  4  3  2
     1) 4                 2) 5                 3) 6                 4) 2                 5) None of these
Ans: 1.
Hint: 2  3  4  5  3  3  4  7  6  5  2  4  3  2  4  5  1  4  2  2  4  8  4  9  7  4  0  9  4  3  2

 

*     5  3  2  1  5  5  5  2  5  7  5  9  8  5  4  3  7  5  7  5  5  5  8  2  5  6  1
In the above sequence in some cases, the sum of the two digits which immediately precede the digit '5' exceeds the sum of the two digits which immediately follow that digit. How many such 5's are there?
     1) Two                  2) Three                  3) Four                  4) Five                  5) None of these
Ans: 3.
Hint: There are four such 5's.
5  3  2  1  5  5  2  5  7  5  9  8  5  4  3  7  5  7  5  5  5  8  2  5  6  1

 

*     If the positions of the first and fifth digits in the number 5 6 3 1 7 2 4 9 are interchanged, similarly the positions of the second and the sixth are interchanged, and
so on, which of the following will be the sixth number from the right end?
     1) 4                   2) 6                   3) 3                   4) 2                   5) None of these
Ans: 1.
Hint:  7  2  4  9  5  6  3  1

 

*     How many such 4's are there in the following sequence that the sum of the immediately following two digits is greater than the sum of the immediately preceding two digits?
2  4  4  5  4  7  4  2  9  8  7  4  7  3  4  5  2  1  4  1  3  4  4  4  8  7  3  3  9  1  1  4  2  1
     1) Seven                  2) Six                  3) Five                  4) Four                  5) None of these
Ans: 1.

 

*     In the following number series how many such 7's are there which are immediately precede by a pair of number whose product is more than the product of pair of numbers immediately following?
2  2  7  1  3  9  4  8  7  6  5  4  2  8  3  5  7  4  6  5  9  7  8  6  4  3  9  7  4  6  5  2
  1) 1                    2) 4                    3) 2                    4) 3                    5) None of these
Ans: 4. 2  6  7  5  4  3  7  4  8  9  4  3  2  5  4  7  9  8  6  8  7  1  2  5  3  7  6  8  9  3  6

 

*     How many such numbers are there in the series which are immediately followed by its multiple?
     1) 4                     2) 3                     3) 2                     4) 1                     5) None of these
Ans: 1.

 

*     If the order of last 15 numbers is reversed, which number will be eighth to the right of thirteenth number from left?
     1) 7                      2) 8                      3) 4                      4) 6                      5) None of these
Ans: 4.
Hint: 8th to the right of 13th from the left  =  ( 8 + 13 )  = 21st from left. But this is the required position in the altered sequence. In original sequence, this will be the number which is 5th from the right, i.e. 6.

 

*     How many 7's are there in the series which are immediately preceded by an even number and immediately followed by an odd number?
   1) 2                       2) 4                       3) 3                       4) 5                       5) None of these
Ans: 3.
  512    325    639    841    792

 

*     What will be last digit of the third number from the top when they are arranged in descending order after reversing the position of the digits within each number?
     1) 7                 2) 3               3) 5               4) 2                 5) None of these
Ans: 2.
Hint: Here the given numbers are:  517    325    639    841    792
After reversing, the numbers become as follows:   936    715   523    297   148
Now, the third number from the top is 523. Hence, the last digit of 523 is 3.

 

*     What will be the middle digit of the second lowest number after the position of only the first and the second digits with each number are interchanged?
     1) 5                2) 2             3) 7                4) 3              5) None of these
Ans: 4.
Hint: After interchanging the first and the second digits, number become as follows:
157    235    369    481    972

*  When arrange in descending order the numbers become as follows:
  972     481     369     235     157
Here, the second lowest number is  235.  Hence, middle digit of   235  is  3.

 

*     What will be the first digit of second highest number after the position of only the second and the third digits within each number are interchanged?
     1) 7                  2) 2                3) 8              4) 9            5) None of these
Ans: 1.
Hint: If the positions of only the second and the third digits within each number are interchanged, the number become as follows:
    571    352    693     814     729

 

*     Nitin was counting down from 32. Sumit was counting upwards the numbers starting from 1 and he was calling out only the odd numbers. What common number will they call out at the same time if they were calling out at the same speed?
     1) 19        2) 21          3) 22       4) They will not call out the same number        5) None of these
       
Ans: 4.
Hint: Nitin:     32  31  30  29  28  27  26  25  24  23  22  21  20 .....
          Sumit :  1  3  5  7  9  11  13  15  17  19  21  23  25 .....
Clearly, both will never call out the same number.

*     If the first and second digits in the sequence  5  9  8  1  3  2  7  4  3  8 are interchanged, also the third and fourth digits, the fifth and sixth digits and so on, which digit would be the seventh counting to your left?
    1) 1        2) 4              3) 7           4) 8          5) None of these
Ans: 4.
Hint: The new sequence becomes  9  5  1  8  2  3  4  7  8  3 .
Counting to the left, the seventh number is 8.

 

*      If the position of the first and sixth digits of the sequence of the numbers  8  9  0  3  2  1  4  6  7  5 are interchanged, the second and the seventh and so on, which number would be seventh from the right end?
    1) 2           2) 6               3) 7            4) 8               5) None of these
Ans: 3.
Hint: The new sequence becomes  1  4  6  7  5  8  9  0  3  2
From the right end, the seventh number is 7.

 

*     The letters  L,  M,  N,  O,  P,  Q,  R,  S and T in their order are substituted by nine integers 1 to 9 but not in that order. 4 is assigned to P. The difference between P and T is 5. The difference between N and T is 3. What is the integer assigned to N?
    1) 4                  2) 5                3) 6               4) 7              5) None of these
Ans: 3.
Hint:    P   =  4   and   T  -  P   =  5      T  =  9
             T  -  N  =  3  and  T  =  9       N  =  6.

 

*     Thirty six vehicles are parked in a parking lot in a single row. After first car, there is one scooter. After the second car, there are two scooters. After the third car, there are three scooters and so on. Work out the number of scooters in the second half of the row.
    1) 10                      2) 12                      3) 15                      4) 17                      5) None of these
Ans: 3.
Hint: Let C and S denote car and scooter respectively.

 

*     The following numbers are rewritten by interchanging the digits in ten's place and hundred's place and then arranged in the descending order.
What will be the second digit of the newly formed fourth number from the top?
    1) 7                         2) 9                         3) 3                         4) 8                         5) 6
Ans: 5.
Hint: Interchanging, we get   749,   376,   985,   798,   839,   765.
Rearranged in descending order, this becomes  985,  839,  798,  765,  749,  376

 

*     If 2 is subtracted from the middle digit of the following numbers and then the positions of the digits are reversed, which of the following will be the last digit of the middle number after they are arranged in descending order?
 489     362   154    271    542
    1) 5              2) 4              3) 2                4) 1              5) 3
Ans: 5.
Hint: As same is subtracted from them, it will not change their relative position.

 

*     Below are given six three-digit numbers. The digits comprise of numerics and letters. The letters indicates its serial order in the English alphabet. What will be the middle digit of the 4th number when the numbers are arranged in the descending order after interchanging numerics in each number without altering the place of letter in the number?
19F,    2H9,    98B,    D76,    7A6,    61E
    1) 8              2) 9               3) 6               4) 7               5) None of these
Ans: 5.
Hint: After interchanging numeric without altering the place of letter and then changing letters by its serial order in the English alphabet, we get, 916,   982,   892,   467,   617,  165.

 

*     If the first and the fifth digits of the number 9 3 1 5 2 8 6 7 are interchanged, so are the second and the sixth digits, and so on, then what should be the second digit from the right?
    1) 1                 2) 6              3) 3           4) 8           5) None of these
Ans: 1.
Hint: After interchanging the number ( 9 3 1 5 2 8 6 7 ) becomes 2 8 6 7 9 3 1 5. Hence, the second digit from the right end is '1'.

 

*     Which of the following will be middle digit of the third number after the following numbers are arranged in ascending order after reversing the positions of the digits, within each number?
    1) 6                2) 3                3) 1            4) 7              5) None of these.
Ans: 5.
Hint: Reversing the position of the digits within each number and arranging in ascending order, we get,  279,  449,  723,  816,  937,  968.

Directions (Qs. 1 - 3): Find the missing number in the series.
1. 20, 17, 34, 31, 62, 59, ___
a) 108         b) 118         c) 56         d) 115
Sol: This series is based on the logic that previous term -3, previous term × 2 and this pattern is repeated.
Hence, missing number = 59 × 2 = 118
Ans: b 

2. 2, 10, 20, 28, 56, ___
a) 64           b) 66           c) 72        d) 82
Sol: This series is based on the logic that previous term +8, previous term × 2 and this pattern is repeated
i.e. 2 + 8, 10 × 2, 20 + 8, 28 × 2, 56 + 8 = 64
Ans: a

Directions (Qs. 4 - 5): Find the odd number in the series.
4. 2, 10, 30, 70, 130
a) 2          b) 10          c) 30          d) 70
Sol: (Diff.)       (Diff.)      (Diff.)      (Diff.)

5. 2, 12, 30, 80, 150
a) 2          b) 12          c) 30          d) 80
Sol: The series is 13 + 1 × 1, 23 + 2 × 2, 33 + 3 × 3, 43 + 4 × 4, 53 + 5 × 5.
So, 2, 12, 36, 80, 150
Hence, 30 is the wrong number.
Ans: c

Directions (Qs. 6 - 11): Find the missing number in the series.
6. 2, 4, 8, 3, 6, 18, 4, 5, 20, 7, 8, 56, 9, 8, __
a) 43          b) 17          c) 72          d) 45
Sol: The product of first 2 numbers is the third number, in every triplet.
Hence, the required number is
9 × 8 = 72
Ans: c

7. 3, 12, 8, 5, 14, 12, 8, 16, 17, 12, 18, 23, ____
a) 32          b) 17          c) 46          d) 28
Sol: It is a case of double alternate series
3, −, −, 5, −, −, 8, −, −, 12, −, −, 17
Ans: b

8. 5, 18, 7, 21, 9, 24, 11, 27, 13, 30, 15, ____
a) 33          b) 40          c) 43          d) 35
Sol: It is a case of alternate series:
−, 18, −, 21, −, 24, −, 27, −, 30, −, 33
Ans: a

9. 72, 27, 36, 63, 42, 24, 86, ____
a) 96          b) 34          c) 68          d) 109
Sol: The given series is based on interchange places of digits of numbers i.e., reverse of 72 is 27, reverse of 36 is 63, reverse of 42 is 24, hence, reverse of 86 is 68.
Ans: c

10. 4, 11, 29, 121, 599, ____
a) 3594       b) 3601       c) 4241       d) 4201
Sol: 4 × 2 + 3 = 11
11 × 3 − 4 = 29
29 × 4 + 5 = 121
121 × 5 − 6 = 599
599 × 6 + 7 = 3601
Ans: b

11. 1, 6, 27, 160, 1169, ____
a) 12980     b) 13000     c) 12859       d) 10602
Sol: 1 × 2 + 22 = 6
6 × 3 + 32 = 27
27 × 5 + 52 = 160
160 × 7 + 72 = 1169 
1169 × 11 + 112 = 12980
Ans: a 

Directions (Qs. 12 - 13): In each of the following questions a number series is given. Below this series, a number is given followed by (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v). After understanding the pattern in the series, you have to form another number series in the same order, starting with the given number.
12.   2     3      10      15    26     35
    50    (i)    (ii)     (iii)   (iv)   (v)
Which of the following numbers will come in the place of (iv)?
a) 122         b) 100         c) 120         d) 143
Sol: 2             3            10            15       26           35
12 + 1      22 − 1      32 + 1      42 − 1  52 + 1     62 − 1
Series is
72 + 1       82 − 1     92 + 1     102 − 1   112 + 1    122 − 1
 50               63           82           99           122          143
Hence, the (iv) term is 122.          
Ans: a

13. 8    8    16    48    192    960
 15   (i)    (ii)    (iii)    (iv)     (v)
Which of the following numbers will come in the place of (iii)?
a) 30          b) 90          c) 60          d) 45 

Ans: b

14. Find the missing number in the series. 10101, 10110, 10111, ____, 11001
a) 11010          b) 11000            c) 10001            d) 10100
Sol: These are binary numbers.

Ans: b

Odd One Out
Directions (Qs. 1 - 5): Find the odd number/ letters/ word from the given alternatives.
1. a) DWHS        b) BYDW       c) CWFS        d) EVJQ

Ans: c

2. a) DHLP    b) TXBF     c) JNRV    d) YBEH
Sol: Difference between the position numbers of the alphabets in a pair is 4 except option (d).
Ans: d

3. a) ABYZ    b) CDWX    c) EFUV    d) GHTV
Sol:

Ans: d 


4. a) 5621     b) 2321       c) 2541     d) 4971
Sol: In this, sum of the first and third term is equal to the sum of second and fourth term.
5 + 2 = 6 + 1 = 7
2 + 2 = 3 + 1 = 4
2 + 4 = 5 + 1 = 6
But, 4 + 7 ≠ 9 + 1
Ans: d

5. a) Perception b) Opinion c) Belief d) Penetration Sol: Options (a), (b) and (c) are synonyms.
Ans: d

Directions (Qs. 6 - 11): Find the odd number/ letters/ word from the given alternatives.
6. a) 357         b) 496         c) 825           d) 654          e) 429
Sol: Except in 496, the digits in each term add upto 15.
Ans: b

7. a) 56       b) 72      c) 40      d) 88      e) 24
Sol: Except 72, (= 8 × 9), each term is 8 × prime number
(i.e., 56 = 8 × 7; 40 = 8 × 5; 88 = 8 × 11; 8 × 3 = 24).
Ans: b

8. a) WIPE      b) WILD           c) WIFE     d) WISE       e) WINE
Sol: Except in WILD, the other four terms have W, I and E as the first, the second and the fourth letters, respectively.
Ans: b

9. a) Violet      b) Brown           c) Orange           d) Green           e) Red
Sol: Except Brown, the other four are colours of VIBGYOR.
Ans: b

10. a) Pound           b) Metre          c) Kilogram         d) Second        e) Newton
Sol: Except Pound (which belongs to the FPS system), the other four belong to MKS system.
Ans: a

11. a) Dog      b) Tiger      c) Lion    d) Horse        e) Cat
Sol: Only horse is herbivorous.
Ans: d

  



 

VOCABULARY

Vocabulary: Meanings (synonyms)

1. Mrs Bates tried to domesticate Anna.
    Domesticate  to make (an animal) able to live with man and serve him  tam  bring under control  train
2. What God decrees we have to accept.
     Decree  command  decide  order  judgement
3. We were nonplussed that the mistress of the house had heard of the tragedy.
     Nonplussed  confused  surprised  puzzled  bewildered  dazed
4. They endeavoured to explain it as an act of charity.
    Endeavour  strive  try hard  make an effort  attempt  struggle
5. All this played real havoc on our imagination.
    Havoc  destruction  disturbance  disorder  disaster  devastation  chaos
6. I found that I could scarcely breathe.

    Scarcely  barely  almost not  hardly  (only) just
7. It was an eternal mystery to us.
    Eternal  forever  always  never ending  endless  everlasting  incessant  continual
8. God had taken the baby at such a tender age.
     Tender  delicate  young  child-like  gentle
9. We shuddered as we gnawed at the hunk of meat.
     Shudder  tremble  quiver  shake  shiver  tremor
10. The dog snarled at the intruder.
      Snarl  scowl  growl  threaten  intimidate  scare

 

Choose the alternative that best fits the blank:
1. The dancers were in Japanese __________. (outfit, dress, costume)
2. He is a wolf in the ___________ of a sheep. (attire, costume, garb)
3. She came to the party ________ her new diamond necklace. (showing, sporting, having)
4. We recognised him to be a policeman by his_________. (attire, uniform, garment)
5. The beggar's _________ were in tatters. (clothes, dress, costume)

 

Conditional clause ('If ' clause):
Conditional clauses are classified into three types based on the tenses.
They are:   1. Probable (possible) condition
                    2. Improbable condition
                    3. Unfulfilled condition


                                                                   Type - I
                                                Probable / possible condition

 

Usage: We use this type to talk about the future activities that are quite possible.
Structure: If (Subject + V1     Subject + can / will / may + V1)
           e.g: If you work hard,                     you can get the first rank.
                  Simple present tense               Simple future tense
1. Walk fast or you will miss the bus.
                  If you walk fast,                    you will not miss the bus.
                         sub + V1                                    sub + will + V1
                  Unless you walk fast, you will miss the bus.
                                   (unless = if not)

2. Take the medicine regularly or you may fall ill again.
          If you take the medicine regularly you may not fall ill again.
          Unless you take the medicine regularly, you may fall ill again.


                                                                  Type - II
                                           Improbable / Imaginary condition

 

Usage: We use this type to talk about the actions that we think are possible but not very
             probable. It indicates that we do not expect the action in the If-clause to take place.
Structure: If (Subject + V2  Subject + could / would / might + V1)
                   e.g: If I were a doctor,    I could give you treatment.
                                   V2                            V1
Note:     [  V1         V2          V3]
                  is         are        been
                are       were
                   e.g: 1) I am not a bird. So, I can' t fly in the sky.
                           If I were a bird,                    I could fly in the sky.
                               V- Simple past tense          conditional past

 Note: [ The above sentence is quite imaginary. It is not possible, i.e., unreal]
            2) I don't have money. So I can't give you any.                                          (March 2003)
              If I had money,                    I could give you some / any.
                          V2                                       conditional past
Note:       [ V1          V2         V3]
                  have      had       had
                  has
[The above sentence is not possible for that situation, but quite imaginary]
3) I don't have time. So, I can't accept the job.
      If I had time,     I could accept the job.


                                                                  Type - III
                                                        Unfulfilled condition

 

Usage: We use this type to talk about past actions that didn't happen. It expresses a condition in the past that hasn't been fulfiled (Unfulfilled).
Structure: If [ subject + had + V3  subject would have / could have / might have + V3]            

                   e.g: If you had asked me,               I would have helped you.
                       Past perfect tense                     Perfect conditional tense
1. He didn't study well. So, he failed.                                                                  
     If he had studied well, he would not have failed.
2. She didn't carry her driving license. So, she had to pay a fine.
      If she had carried her driving license, she would not have had to pay a fine.
3. You didn't take the medicines regularly. So, you fell ill again.
     If you had taken the medicines regularly, you would not have fallen ill again.
4. I was held up in a traffic jam. So, I missed the train.                                        
     If I had not been held up in a traffic jam, I would not have missed the train.
5. No precautions were taken. So, many were killed in the cyclone.
     If precautions had been taken, many would not have been killed in the cyclone.


Notice the following structures:
         Type I            Sub + V1                Sub + will
         Type II          Sub + V2                Sub + would
         Type III        Sub + had + V3      Sub + would have           

                          If you invite me,   I will attend the party.
                                      V1
                       If you invited me,   I would attend the party.
                                      V2
                       If you had invited me,   I would have attended the party.
                                      had + V3

ALPHABETICAL SEQUENE

SOLVED EXAMPLES

Example 1 :
What will come in the place of the question mark (?) in the following sequence? 
CONSEQUENCES      ONSEQUENCE      NSEQUENC                 ?                 EQUE
    (1) SEQUE    (2) EQUEN     (3) SEQUENC    (4) SEQUEN      (5) NONE OF THESE
Sol. (4)


          Example 2: 
What should come in place of the question mark (?) in the following series?
AC FH KM PR ?
    (1) UW         (2) VX       (3) VW       (4) TV       (5) None of these


          Example 3 :
What will come in the place of the question mark (?) in the following sequence?
AI, BJ, CK, ?
    (1) DL       (2) DM      (3) GH       (4) LM       (5) None of these
Sol. (1)

          


Example 4:
What will come in place of the question mark(?) in the following series of English alphabet?
AE CG EI GK ?
    (1) MI        (2) M        (3) HM        (4) IL        (5) None of these
Sol. (2)

             


Example 5:
Which of the following will come in place of the question mark (?) In the alpha order given below?
AB ABC BC BCD CD CD ?
     (1) D        (2) E      (3) C      (4) F      (5) None of these
Sol. (2) AB, ABC
              BC, BCD
             CD, CDE


                                                                EXERCISE
1. What will come next in the following letter series? AACACEACEGACEGIACEGI
A: K
Sol.


 2. What will com …. E of question mark (?) in the alpha order given below? CBAACBAABCBAABCCBAAB?
A: C
Sol.

   


3. The following groups of alphabets form a certain pattern with regard to their positions in the English alphabetic series. Based upon the pattern, which of the following five alternatives shall replace the question mark? AD, FC, HK, MJ, ?
A: OR
Sol

 

4. Find the next term in the series T, R, P, N, L, ?, ?
A: J, H
Sol.

  


5. What will come next in the following series?
    Ababcdbcdabcdedabcdefabed
A: c
Sol.
    


6. What should come next in the following letter series?
    AABABCABCDANBDABCDEABCDEF
A: G
Sol.
    


7. Find the next term in the series AZ, GT, MN, ?, YB
A: SH
Sol.
       


8. Find the next term in the series GH, JL, NQ, SW, YD, ?
A: FL
Sol.
             


9. What should come next in the following letter series?
HGFEDCBABHGFEDCBAHFEDCBAH
Sol. HGFEDCBAH; GFEDCBAH; FEDCBAH; ed.........7.......
10. Find the next term in the series BMX, DNW, FOU, ?
A: HPT
Sol.

Time and Work 

1. A can do a piece of work in 24 days. A and B together can complete the same work in 14.4 days. In what time does B alone complete that work?
Sol: A and B together's one day's work =  
A's one day's work =  

B's one day's work =  


B can complete the work in 36 days.
Shortcut: When two persons together can complete a work in 'x' days and one of the persons can complete in 'y' days, then the other person can complete that work in 
         days. 
          = 36 days 


2. Two pipes A and B can fill a tank in 30 minutes and 15 minutes respectively. A drain pipe C can empty a full tank in 10 minutes. In what time can the tank be filled when all the three are open simultaneously?
Sol: A = 12 minutes (+), B =15 minutes (+), C = 10 minutes (−) 
         All three together can fill the tank in 
minutes 

 
       
3. A and B can complete a piece of work in 24 days. B and C can complete it in 30 days and A and C in 40 days. In what time A, B and C together can complete that work?

4. A can do a piece of work in 30 days. He worked for 6 days and then he was joined by B and the remaining work was completed by them in 12 days. In how many days can B alone do the whole work?

5. 16 men can do a piece of work in 16 days. 4 days after they started the work, 8 more men joined them. In how many days will they take to complete the remaining work?


Shortcut: Total mandays required for the work
= 16 × 16 = 256
Number of mandays completed in 4 days
= 4 × 16 = 64
Remaining mandays = 256 − 64 = 192
Number of men available now = 16 + 8 = 24
Number of days required =  = 8

 

6. 25 men to complete a work in 20 days. But after 15 days only 60% work has been finished. In order to finish the work in the stipulated time, how many more men are required? 


7. Ganesh can complete a piece of work in 18 days while Ganesh and Laxman together can do the same work in 12 days. In how many days will Laxman alone can do that work?
Ans:  36
EXPLANATION


8. A tap can fill a tank in 25 minutes and another can empty it in 50 minutes. If both are opened simultaneously, in what time the tank is filled?
Ans:  50 min
EXPLANATION


9. 26 men can do a piece of work in 12 days. In how many days can 39 men do that work?
Ans:  8 days
EXPLANATION
   26 × 12 = 39 × ?
  ? = 8


10. A can do a work in 20 days. He worked alone for 10 days and the remaining work was completed with the help of B in 2 days. In how many days will the total work be completed if they work together?
Ans:  4 days
EXPLANATION
           

 
11. A is 150% as good work man as B. If A can complete a work in 20 days, in what time both A and B together can complete that work?
Ans:  12 days
EXPLANATION
               


12. A can fill a tank in 4 minutes and B can fill it in 6 minutes. If both are opened alternatively for one minute each starting with A, find in what time the tank is filled.
Ans:   minutes
EXPLANATION
     

     
13. A and B can complete a piece of work in 15 days and 12 days respectively. They started working together and received an amount of Rs.5400. Find the share of B.
Ans:  Rs.3000
EXPLANATION

                 

SSC Stenographer Notification

NUMBER SYSTEM

    A golden opportunity for Bank exams aspirants. Thousands of posts in SBI and other Banks. Out of five papers in the SBI clerk exam, Quantitative Aptitude plays major role. Arithmetic and Data Interpretation questions will be there in this paper. Arithmetic is the maths, which we use in our day-to-day life. As arithmetic chapters are there upto 10th class only all the aspirants inclusive of non-maths might have studied this. By understanding all the chapters thoroughly and with a lot of practice it is not difficult to solve all the questions of the paper. Also important is simplifications. Out of 40 questions in Q.A., 20 are simplification questions. Students need to mug up tables upto 20, squares of numbers upto 25 and cubes of numbers upto 15 to make simplifications easy. They also learn Speed Maths for solving simplification questions in seconds without pen. All the chapters in arithmetic have to be practiced thoroughly. Let us see all the chapters of arithmetic in detail.
Digit: 0 to 9 are the digits.
Number: By using digits we write numbers.
Face Value: The real value of the digit.
Place Value: The value of the digit according to the place.
e.g.: In 2794, the face value of 7 is '7'and the place value is '700'.

 

Classification of Numbers:
Odd Numbers
Numbers which are not divisible by 2
e.g.: 1, 3, 5, 7, .......

 

Even Numbers
Numbers which are divisible by 2
e.g.: 2, 4, 6, 8, .......

 

Natural Numbers
All counting numbers             e.g.: N = {1, 2, 3, ........}
Sum of first 'n' natural numbers is  
Sum of squares of first 'n' natural numbers is 
Sum of cubes of first 'n' natural numbers is   

 

Whole Numbers
0 and all natural numbers
e.g.: W = { 0, 1, 2, 3, ...}
Integers
Natural numbers, zero and negative of natural numbers
e.g.: I = { ........, -3, -2, -1, 0, +1, +2, +3, .......}

 

Rational Numbers
These are of the form of p/q, where q π 0
e.g.:  etc

 

Irrational Numbers
Can't be written in p/q form, where q ≠ 0
e.g.:  π  etc

 

Composite Numbers
Numbers having more than two factors

 

Prime Numbers
Numbers divisible by one and the number itself or numbers having only two factors.
e.g.: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, ...... etc
Some points about prime numbers
    *  All prime numbers end with 1, 3, 7 or 9 except 2 and 5.
    *  2 is the only even prime number.
    *  '1' is neither a prime nor composite number. It is a unitary.
    *  There are 25 prime numbers upto 100.

 

Twin prime numbers
The difference between two prime numbers is '2'.
e.g.: 3 - 5, 5 - 7, 11 - 13 etc

 

Co prime numbers
Numbers not having any common factors.
e.g.: 3, 5 and 8 are co primes to each other.

 

Some important Identities:
1. (a + b)2 = a2 + b2 + 2ab
2. (a - b)2 = a2 + b2 - 2ab
3. (a + b)(a - b) = a2 - b2
4. (a + b)2 = a2 + b2 + 3a2b + 3ab2
5. (a - b)3 = a3 - b3 - 3a2b + 3ab2
6. a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a− ab + b2)
7. a3 - b3 = (a − b) (a2 + ab + b2)
8. (a + b + c)2 = a+ b+ c2 + 2ab + 2bc + 2ac
9. a3+b3+c3− 3abc = (a+b+c) (a2 + b2 + c2 - ab - bc - ac)


e.g.: 
    1) 2.01            2) 2             3) 1                 4) 1.93                5) None of these
Sol: It is based on the formula a3 + b3 = (a + b)(a− ab + b2)
         ∴ 1.07 + 0.93 = 2, hence answer (2).

To solve the equations based on numbers, the number is written in algebraic form. 
For example let the number be x.

    The numerator of a fraction is written in the following form
Three-fourth of a number = 
Two-third of a number = 
Double of a number = 2x, Thrice of a number = 3x
20% of a number = 
30% of 3/4 of one-third of a number = 


 

e.g.: 1.  4/5  of  4/7  of  5/6  of  1218 = ?     (SBI 2008)
       (A) 415               (B) 384                (C) 492               (D) 346               (E) None of these
sol:    
         
                     hence answer (E)

 

2. One-seventh of a number is 51. What will be 64% of that number?       (SBI 2008)
    (A) 248.12          (B) 228.48           (C) 238.24          (D) 198.36             (E) None of these
Sol:  

  hence answer (E)

 

3. If (16)3 is subtracted from the square of a number, the answer so obtained is 3825. What is the number ?      (SBI 2008)
    (A) 69              (B) 59                     (C) 89                    (D) 79                   (E) None of these
Sol: Let the number be x  
        x2 − 163= 3825 --- x = 89
         hence answer (C).

 

4. If (92)2 is added to the square of a number, the answer so obtained is 10768. What is the number?          (SBI 2008)
      (A) 46            (B) 2304                (C) 48                    (D) 2116              (E) None of these
Sol: Let the number be x
        x2 + 922 = 3825    x = 48
          hence answer (C).

5. If an amount of Rs. 97,836 is distributed equally amongst 31 children. How much amount would each child get?    (SBI 2008)
    (A) Rs.3,756        (B) Rs.3,556       (C) Rs. 3,356       (D) Rs. 3,156       (E) None of these 
Sol:         hence answer (D).
     Three consecutive odd numbers are x, (x+2) and (x+4), or (x-2), x and (x+2), where x is an odd number.
     Similarly, three consecutive even numbers are x, (x+2) and (x+4) or (x-2), x and (x+2) where x is an even number
     If a number 'a' is multiplied by itself for n times, the product is called n th power of
'a'. This is written as an.
     In an, a is called base and n is called index or exponent or power.

 

Laws of Indices


All simplification questions have to be solved based on BODMAS rule only.
  B - Bracket
  O - Of
  D - Division
  M - Multiplication
  A - Addition
  S - Subtraction

 

e.g. 1: What is 394 times 113? (SBI 2008)
    (A) 44402             (B) 44632              (C) 44802           (D) 44522         (E) None of these
Sol:   394 × 113 = 44522,     hence answer (D)

 

2. What approximate value should come in place of the question mark (?) in the following question?  4780 ÷ 296 × (23)2 = ?
   (A) 9870                (B) 6760                  (C)7590              (D) 3430           (E) 8540
Sol: 4780/296 × 529 = 8542.63
   Approximately 8540, hence answer(E)

 

3. When 40% of first number is added to the second number the second number becomes 1.2 times of itself. What is the ratio between the first and second numbers?
   (A) 2:3                  (B) 4:3                     (C) 1:2                  (D) 5:7                 (E) None of these
Sol: Let the first and second number be x and y

Data Interpretation

 BAR DIAGRAMS
Directions (Q.1 - 5):
Study the following graph carefully and answer the questions accordingly. Following graph shows the requirement and production (in thousand tons) of rubber over   the years.

1. In 2011, the production of rubber was what percent of the requirement (rounded off to   two digits after decimal)?
1) 58.48%       2) 69.23%       3) 144.44%
4) 71.57%       5) None of these


2. What is the average requirement over the  years?
1) 6,300 tons       2) 57,000 tons        3) 5,300 tons
4) 61,000 tons     5) None of these


3. In which of the following years was it likely   that the quantity of rubber imported to bridge   the gap between demand and supply was   minimum?
1) 2012               2) 2009          3) 2011
4) 2013               5) 2010


4. What is the respective ratio between the production of rubber in 2012 and production in 2010?
1) 10 : 13      2) 11 : 15     3) 12 : 13
4) 13 : 10      5) None of these


5. The requirement of rubber in 2011 is approximately how much percent more than the requirement from the previous year?
1) 15%        2) 21%     3) 14%      4) 18%      5) 16%


Directions (Q.6 - 10): Study the following bar diagram carefully to answer the questions that  follow.
Following bar diagram gives the Profit (in Rupees crores) earned by a company over   the years.

6. The expenditure of the company in the year 2009 was Rs.65 crores, what was the income of the company in that year?
1) Rs.5 cr              2) Rs.85 cr               3) Rs.115 cr
4) Rs.135 cr          5) None of these


7. What is the average profit earned by the company over the years approximately?
1) Rs.65 cr         2) Rs.63 cr           3) Rs.61 cr
4) Rs.71 cr         5) Rs.69 cr


8. The income of the company in the year 2011 was Rs.120 crores and the income of the company in the year 2008 was Rs.85 crores. What is the respective ratio of the expenditure  of the company in the year 2011 to the  expenditure of the company in the year  2008?
1) 1 : 2       2) 5 : 9       3) 2 : 3     4) 3 : 7       5) None of these


9. What is the percent profit of the year 2012, if the income of the company was Rs.95  crores?
1) 57.8%          2) 137.5%        3) 80%
4) 55%             5) None of these


10. In which of the following years was the percentage   increase in the profit the highest   from that of the previous year?
1) 2011           2) 2008       3) 2009
4) 2013           5) 2010


Directions (Q.11 - 15): Study the graph carefully  to answer the questions that follow.  Following graph gives the Number of employees   (in hundreds) in different income groups   from three different organizations A, B and C.

11. Which income group has the minimum number  of employees?
1) 14001-17000           2) 20001 - 23000        3) 5001 - 8000     

4) 11001-14000           5) 17001 - 20000


12. What is the respective ratio of number ofemployees from income groups 8001- 11000, 14001-17000 and 20001-23000  together of organization B to those from the  same income groups of organization A?
1) 16 : 17       2) 13 : 14        3) 19 : 20
4) 34 : 35       5) None of these


13. What is the total number of employees in  organisation C in all the income groups   together?
1) 3500             2) 3750            3) 3350
4) 3450             5) None of these


14. Number of employees in the income group  of 14001-17000 from organization B is what  percent of the employees from organization  A in the income group of 11001-14000?
1) 33%          2) 66.66%        3) 75%
4) 125%        5) None of these


15. Number of employees in the income group  of 20001-23000 of organisation B is  approximately how much percent less than   that of the income group 11001-14000 of   the same organization?
1) 25%         2) 35%    3) 40%     4) 30%     5) 20%


Directions (Q.16 - 20): Study the following graph and answer the questions that follow. The following graph shows the ratio of  Imports and Exports of two companies A and B  over the years.

16. In how many of the given years were the  imports more than the exports for company B?
1) 1     2) 5    3) 3   4) 4    5) None of these


17. What were the average exports of company A over the given years?
1) Rs.34 cr     2) Rs.14 cr     3) Rs.28 cr   4) Can’t be determined      5) None of these


18. If the total exports of company B in 2006  and 2008 was 42 crore, then what was the total imports of the same company for these  two years together?
1) 50.4 cr     2) 48.6 cr    3) 47.6 cr     4) Can’t be determined     5) None of these

Key
1) 2  2) 5   3) 3   4) 5   5) 4   6) 4   7) 2   8) 5   9) 2   10) 3   11) 1  12) 4  13) 2   14) 3    15) 4   16) 4   17) 4   18) 1