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GRAMMAR RULES 

If you observe the previous question papers you can conclude that Grammar is tested through the following question types:

     * Sentence Completion. (Fill in the blanks)
     * Sentence Correction. (Spotting errors)
     * Sentence Fillers.
     * Sentence Improvement.
All the areas mentioned above deal with only one point that is accuracy in using English. If one knows a few Grammar rules, whatever be the question type, one can solve the questions easily. Those Grammar rules cover: Nouns, Pronouns, Verb and tense, Modifiers
(Adjectives and Adverbs), Prepositions, Conjunctions, Articles, Concord (Subject and verb agreement), Parallelism...
       Before going any further, lets pay a glance at how a single grammar rule can be asked in above mentioned varieties.

Let's take up sentence completion.
1. We did the job ........... we could; however, it did not turnout to be satisfactory.
    A) Better          B) as good as             C) as better as            D) as well as          E) worse.
     The same question can be asked as a sentence correction, what we call, spotting
error
.

 

2. We did the job (A)/as good as (B) /we could, however, it did not (C)/ turn out to be satisfactory (D)/ No error(E).
     Let's have a look at the same question as a sentence filler.

 

3. The job did not turn out to be satisfactory, though we did it ..............
    A) as good as we could
    B) as well as we could
    C) better we could
    D) as better as we could
    E) worse we could
Let's observe the same question in the remaining variety- sentence improvement. In this
question type the sentence, a part of the sentence is underlined and asked whether it needs
any improvement. Finally, after the instructions the question looks like this:

 

4. We did the job as good as we could; however, it did not turnout to be satisfactory.
    A) as better as we could
    B) as well as we could
    C) as worse as we could
    D) better we could
    E) No improvement
    Whatever may be the question type the grammar rule tested in the above questions is
the same one. If you know the usage as given below, it is easy to answer the above ones.
Usages: It is an adverb that we use to describe an action. Here, in this sentence, the verb did is described and used as a positive degree. It is very clear if you observe as x as. The proper forms are:

 

Positive            Comparative           Superlative 

good                 better                      best 

well                  better                       best 

ill                      worse                     worst  

bad                 worse                        worst   

       If you observe comparative and superlative, you can see the same word as comparative for both good and well. Like wise, the same word as superlative for those two words. But, infact 'good' is an adjective and used to describe a noun whereas 'well' is an adverb and used to describe a verb.
       In the given question it is an adverb that we need so 'as well as' goes with the sentence as a proper answer. 
       Finally, if you know the usage of adjective and adverb including their degrees, you candeal with the question without any hesitation.
Therefore, the answers are:    1. D,        2. B,        3. B,        4. B.
       In conclusion, we can say that, one should know a few grammar rules that frequently
appear on the tests so that one can succeed.
Let's turn to those grammar rules:
       As mentioned above, Grammar rules related to nouns, pronouns, verb and tense etc... are tested most frequently. So lets tearup one by one.

Nouns: This 'Nouns' area has been tested on umpteen number of tests. The basic problems in Noun usage are:
       A) Noun and its form
       B) Noun and number
       C) Noun and article
       D) Noun and verb agreement
       E) Noun and pronoun agreement

How to crack these areas:
If you have a good command of the following words, it will be a cake walk for you.
       * A few nouns are always singular
       * A few nouns are always plural
       * A few nouns look like singular but plural in their usage
       * A few nouns look like plural but singular in fact
       * Some nouns are used both as singulars and plurals without changing their form (Structure).

A few Nouns which are always singular.
       * The below given nouns do not give plural meaning.
       * They do not become plurals even by changing their form.
       * They do not take plural verbs after them.
       * They do not take plural pronouns.
Examples: Scenery, advice, information, machinery, stationery, furniture, rice, gram, repair, poetry, business, luggage, mischief, bread, land, hair, issue.

How do questions appear on these words:
e.g.1:
 I have sold all my furnitures which have become waste.
Ans: I have sold all my furniture which has become waste.
e.g.2: Her hairs indicate that she has become old.
Ans: Her hair indicates that she has become old.
A few Nouns which are always plural.
       * These nouns do not get singular form.
       * These do not take singular verb after them.
       * These do not take singular pronoun.
Examples: Trousers, scissors, spectacles, ashes, goods, thanks, annals, tidings, shorts,
alms, proceeds, remains, riches, tongs, pantaloons, credentials, premises.

Example questions:
e.g.1: Where is my trouser?
Ans: Where are my trousers?
e.g. 2: The proceeds of the magic show is to be given to the fund for the soldiers' welfare.
Ans: The proceeds of the magic show are to be given to the fund for the soldiers' welfare. A few Nouns look like singular but plural in their usage:
Examples: Cattle, gentry, vermin, peasantry, people, artillery, clergy, company, police, poultry, swine.

Example questions:
e.g.1: The latest poultry is ready for sale.
Ans: The latest poultry are ready for sale.
e.g.2: All the gentries are invited to the party.
Ans: All the gentry are invited to the party.

A few Nouns looks like plural but singular in meanings:
Examples: Innings, athletics, economics, mathematics, summons, gallows, gymnastics,
wages, news, physics, dynamics, civics, linguistics, tactics, politics, electronics.

Example questions:
e.g. 1. Through the electronic media the news are travelling faster than ever before.
Ans: Through the electronic media the news is travelling faster than ever before.
e.g. 2. The police have been unable to serve a summon on the minister.
Ans: The police have been unable to serve a summons on the minister.
A few Nouns which function both as singu and plurals without changing their form (structure).
Examples: Sheep, Species, deer, aircraft, offspring, space craft, salmon, yoke.

 

Example questions:
e.g. 1. sheeps live in flocks
Ans: sheep live in flocks
e.g. 2: I saw four deers in the zoo.
Ans: I saw four deer in the zoo. Besides the above mentioned, the following areas have been tested in many an examinations. Let's learn these error prone areas through the question pattern itself.

1. She gave me a cheque for five thousands rupees.
Ans: She gave me a cheque for five thousand rupees.

2. Last month I attended a two-weeks programme on personality development
Ans: Last month I attended a two-week programme on personality development.
Note: Some nouns which indicate a specific amount, length, weight, quantity, measure, or
number etc... remain unchanged in form especially when they are preceded by a numeral. (Those nouns include - foot, metre, score, dozen, year, hundred, thousand, million, week, pair, month, KM, Kg etc ...)

3: This was one of the reason why the industry flourished.
Ans: This was one of the reasons why the industry flourished.

4: He got demotion and one of the reasons are his carelessness.
Ans: He got demotion and one of the reasons is his carelessness.
Note: 1) 'One of' always takes a plural noun after it.
          2) 'One of + Plural noun' takes only singular verb.

5: The number of orders still to be executed are growing up day by day.
Ans: The number of orders still to be executed is growing up day by day.

6: A number of students is absent from the class today.
Ans: A number of students are absent from the class today.
Note: 'The number of' is considered singular and 'A number of' is treated plural. So the verb needs to be used accordingly.

7: Today, I have got many works to do.
Ans: Today, I have got much work to do (or) Today I have got many tasks to do.
Note: 'WORK' is always in singular as a noun.

8: Two-thirds of the mailing list have been typed.
Ans: Two-thirds of the mailings list has been typed.

9: Two-thirds of our employees lives in the suburbs.
Ans: Two-thirds of our employees live in the suburbs.
Note: After such expressions as-One-half of, two-thirds of, a part of, a majority
of, - we use singular verb it the noun is singular and a plural verb if the noun is plural.

10: Rupa and Prabha are my family members.
Ans: Rupa and Prabha are the members of my family.

11: Pranava and Manya are the Parliament Members.

Ans: Pranava and Manya are the members of the Parliament.
Note: 'Member of Something' is the proper expression.

12: Uma is my cousin sister.

Ans: Uma is my cousin.
Note: Cousin is enough in the place of cousin brother or cousin sister.

13: He has four sister-in-laws.

Ans: He has four sisters-in-law
Note: The proper expressions as plurals are: Sisters-in-law, brothers-in-law, commanders-inchief, men-servant, step mothers, arm chairs, advocates general, passers by, officers-incharge (i.e. only head words become plurals)

Keep soil alive..  protect soil biodiversity!

1. RBI declared that all branches of Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd. operate as branches of DBS Bank India Ltd. from 27 November 2020. Who is the present MD & CEO of DBS Bank India Ltd?
1) Rajesh Prabhu           2) Preeti Priya
3) Surojit Shome            4) Ravindra Bahl
5) Vikram Sud


2. RBI announced to increase the limit for contactless card transactions to…………..from Rs. 2,000 per transaction  from 1 January 2021
1) Rs. 10,000            2) Rs. 15,000
3) Rs. 5,000              4) Rs. 20,000
5) Rs. 25,000


3. As per monetary policy review statement announced by RBI governor on 4 December 2020, Real GDP growth projection for FY 21 revised to ………
1) −7.5%       2) −5.5%       3) −6.5%    4) −8.5%      5) −4.5%


4. The RBI projected CPI inflation at  …………..Q3 of FY 21
1) 4.8%     2) 1.5%     3) 8.4%     4) 3.8%     5) 6.8%


5. Banks can avail funds from RBI   under TLTRO to invest in sectors   under ECLGS 2.0 as per the recent   decision of RBI. In this context what  stands for ‘R’ in TLTRO?
1) Rupee      2) Repo     3) Real    4) Rule     5) Raise


6. Asian Development Bank on 20  November 2020 said it approved $   50 million loan to improve operational   efficiencies and resource  planning and management in…
1) West Bengal          2) Odisha             3) AP
4) Tamil Nadu            5) Chhattisgarh


7. The latest Policy rates and Reserve    Ratios of RBI are given, after declaration    of monetary policy review.   The wrong option is…………
1) Repo Rate : 4.00%     

2) Reverse Repo Rate : 3.35%     

3) Marginal Standing Facility  Rate : 4.25% 

4) Cash Reserve Ratio : 3.00%

5) All of above correct


8. RBI decided to make RTGS available round the clock on all days of the year with effect from …………
1) 25 December 2020
2) 31 December 2020
3) 14 December 2020
4) 14 January 2021
5) 1 February 2021


9. Which international monetary authority promised a loan of $132.8 million loan to Meghalaya to strengthen and modernize the distribution network and improve the
quality of power supplied to households, industries, and businesses on 1 December 2020?
1) AIIB      2) NDB     3) ADB     4) World Bank    5) USAID


10. On 25 November 2020, PM Modi released a special stamp and Rs. 100 commemorate coin on the foundation day of which university/ college/ Institution?
1) Jawaharlal Nehru University
2) Indian Institute of Science
3) IIT Delhi

4) St.Stephen’s College
5) Lucknow University


11. International Day of Banks is observed globally on…………
1) 1 December       2) 8 December
3) 10 December     4) 4 December
5) 11 December


12. World’s first central bank to have over 1 million followers on Twitter is......
1) Sveriges Riksbank, Sweden
2) People’s Bank of China, China
3) RBI, India
4) BangkoSentral ng Pilipinas,Philippines
5) State Bank of Pakistan, Pakistan


13. USA President-elect Joe Biden named whom as his nominee for treasury secretary? If confirmed by the Senate, she would be the first woman ever to hold the post.
1) Janet Yellen           2) Mala Adiga
3) Neera Tanden       4) Jen Psaki
5) Kate Bedingfield


14. RBI ordered which bank to suspend planned digital launches and the addition of fresh credit card customers, following frequent outages in online services ?
1) SBI      2) RBL Bank     3) HDFC Bank   4) YES Bank     5) Union Bank of India


15. To empower MSMEs with instant   digital loans, Suryoday Small  Finance Bank announced partnership  with…………….
1) Amazon Pay       2) Mobikwik       3) PhonePe   

4) G-Pay                 5) Paytm


16. ‘Ek Parivar Ek Bank’ is the punch   line of ……………
1) Bank of India        2) Dhanlaxmi Bank       3) Punjab National Bank

4) ICICI                     5) Bank of Maharashtra


17. Which international monetary organization  allocated $20.3 million aid  to its developing member countries  to access coronavirus vaccine on  17 November 2020?
1) AIIB     2) IDA    3) ADB   4) NDB    5) IMF


18. Who is the chairman of Indian Oil  Corporation appointed as the first  Vice-president of World Liquefied  Petroleum Gas Association  (WLPGA)?
1) PVG Menon                 2) Rajiv Jalota   3) Shrikant Madhav Vaidya
4) Akshay Kumar Singh   5) Sanjay Kumar Mishra


19. BRICS Economic Research Award   2020, declared by EXIM Bank  India conferred on……….
1) Dr. Dinesh Katre
2) Dr. Adam Yao Liu
3) Mark Carney

4) Seema Gupta
5) Aditya Puri


20. Which two nations are the biggest  contributors towards FDI equity  inflows to India as per the data  published by the Department for  Promotion of Industry and  Internal Trade (DIPP) between April and September 2020?
1) UK and USA
2) France and USA
3) Singapore and USA
4) Singapore and Mauritius
5) USA and Japan


21. Which day celebrated as ‘Awaas Diwas’ to commemorate the launch of PMAY-G, which aims to provide “Housing for All” by 2022?
1) 1 December     2) 14 December    3) 20 November

4) 30 November   5) 5 December


22. Which railway station renamed as  Mahadevappa Mailara Railway  Station in Karnataka?
1) Raichur                         2) Mandya     3) Haveri
4) Subramanya Road       5) Hassan


23. Who launched ANANDA (Atma Nirbhar Agents New Business Digital Application), a digital application for agents for onboarding to get a life insurance policy?
1) SBI Life                        2) HDFC Life      3) LIC
4) ICICI Prudential Life    5) Sri Ram Life Insurance


24. On 25 November 2020, who  launched the Securities Market  Trainers (SMARTs) program, an  initiative aimed at enhancing investor education and awareness?
1) RBI      2) BSE     3) NSE
4) SBI      5) SEBI


25. On 1 December 2020, which state  launched the biggest-ever DirectBenefit Transfer (DBT) scheme  called 'Orunodoi', aiming to cover 22 lakh families by transferring  Rs. 830 per month to the account  of one of the female members of the family?
1) Odisha    2) UP   3) West Bengal   4) Tamil Nadu   5) Assam


26. Uday Shankar was elected as the  new president of …………..
1) FICCI   2) NHB   3) ASOCHAM  4) CII   5) Exim Bank


27. Which North Eastern state was  conferred with four awards for its  more success in the fishery sector  by National Fisheries Development  Board?
1) West Bengal   2) Andhra Pradesh   3) Assam           

4) Maharashtra   5) Karnataka


28. Which nation declared a climate emergency on 2 December 2020 and pledged that its public sector would become carbon neutral by 2025?
1) USA    2) Russia  3) New Zealand 4) Norway  5) Sweden


29. Government of India appointed whom as the new Chairperson of National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)?
1) PD Vaghela   2) Varsha Joshi
3) Sahil Seth     4) Abhas Jha
5) SN Shrivastava


30. Union government unveiled which scheme to impart training to primary cooperative societies in rural areas on 24 November 2020?
1) Sahakar Pragya   2) ARYA    3) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana
4) ASPIRE               5) Nai Udaan


31. Who is Comptroller & Auditor General of India, elected as External Auditor of Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU), Geneva for a three-year term.
1) K K Venugopal
2) Pradeep Kumar Joshi
3) Girish Chandra Murmu
4) Harsh Vardhan Shringla
5) Desh Deepak Verma


32. India gets which rank in the renewable power capacity as per the statement given by PM Modi in the RE-Invest 2020 meet on 26 Nov 2020?
1) 2nd   2) 7th    3) 10th    4) 4th    5) 8th


33. "Keep soil alive, protect soil biodiversity" is the theme of World Soil Day observed on…
1) 5 December     2) 10 December
3) 7 December     4) 1 December
5) 3 December


34. Uttar Pradesh Cabinet cleared the proposal to rename which airport as Maryada Purushottam Sri Ram Airport?
1) Ayodhya    2) Lucknow    3) Mathura
4) Varanasi    5) Shravasti


35. Government of India is working on an idea to set up a refinery for production of aviation fuel from bamboo grown in the Gadchiroli district of………….
1) Karnataka    2) Maharashtra
3) Jharkhand   4) Arunachal Pradesh
5) Tripura


36. NITI Aayog formed a panel to study feasibility of hyperloop technology in India under the chairmanship of………..
1) Ajay Bhushan Pandey
2) Krishnamurthy Subramanian
3) Karnal Singh

4) VK Saraswat
5) Vinod Kumar Yadav


37. Reliance Industries got first rank in the Fortune 500 list of Indian firms. Which company got second rank?
1) ONGC   2) TATA Motors   3) IOC   4) TCS   5) ICICI Bank


38. Which Municipal Corporation bonds on 2 December 2020, became the first municipal bonds from North India listed on Bombay Stock Exchange?
1) Mumbai    2) Delhi    3) Lucknow   4) Kolkata    5) Pune

 

Key

1-3  2-3  3-1  4-5  5-2  6-1  7-5  8-3  9-3  10-5  11-4  12-3  13-1  14-3  15-5  16-5  17-3  18-3  19-2  20-3  21-3  22-3  23-3  24-5  25-5  26-1  27-3  28-3  29-2  30-1  31-3 

32-4  33-1  34-1  35-2  36-4  37-3  38-3

QUESTION TAGS

PRACTICE TEST

Fill in the blanks with suitable question tags.

1. I am right, .........
1) amn't I? 2) aren't I? 3) am I? 4) don't I?

2. She knows us well, ............
1) isn't she? 2) don't we? 3) doesn't she? 4) don't she?

3. India won independence in 1947 ........
1) didn't we? 2) didn't it? 3) isn't it? 4) wasn't it?

4. One of the boys is selected for the job, .........
1) isn't one? 2) isn't he? 3) aren't they? 4) don't they?

5. Listen to me, ..............
1) will you? 2) have you? 3) do you? 4) aren't you?

6. Someone is singing in the hall, .............
1) are they? 2) aren't they? 3) isn't someone? 4) is someone?

7. If I remember correctly, we have met earlier, ..............
1) don't I ? 2) aren't I? 3) have we? 4) haven't we?

8. One should keep ones promises, ............
1) doesn't one? 2) should they? 3) shouldn't one? 4) should one?

9. Let me pay for both of us, ...............
1) shall I? 2) will you? 3) shall we? 4) aren't you?

10. Neither the teacher nor the students are present, .............
1) aren't they? 2) is he? 3) do they? 4) are they?

 

ANSWERS: 1-2; 2-3; 3-2; 4-2; 5-1; 6-2; 7-4; 8-3; 9-2; 10-4.

Countries and Currencies

Country Currency
» India       Rupee    
Israel     Shekel    
Japan     Yen
Russia     Rouble
U.K.  Pound Sterling 
 U.S.A    Dollar    
Afghanistan     Afghani    
Algeria    Algeria Dinar    
Angola    New Kwanza  
Armenia  Dram    
 Austria   Schilling    
Argentina   Peso    
Australia    Australian Dollar    
Azerbaijan   Manat    
Bahrain    Dinar 
Bangladesh  Taka  
Bhutan  Ngultrum 
Brazil   Cruzeiro Real    
Bulgaria     Lev  
China   Yuan/Renminbi    
Columbia    Peso 
Costa Rica    Colon    

'CHAMPIONS'  IS THE PLATFORM FOR..?

Model Questions

1. Who is re-elected for second term as the president of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) with effect from Jan 16, 2021?
    1) David Malpass 
    2) Kristalina Georgieva 
    3) Jin Liqun     
    4) Masatsugu Asakawa
    5) K.V.Kamath

 

2. 5th Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of AIIB was held virtually recently in…
    1) New Delhi, India  
    2) Brasilia, Brazil     
    3) Moscow, Russia 
    4) Tokyo, Japan    
    5) Beijing, China

 

3. What is the theme of 5th Annual Meeting of the Board of Governors of AIIB held recently?
    1) ''AIIB for the achievements of 2020 SDG as urgency''
    2) ''AIIB - The functionalities to reduce Covid - 19''
    3) ''AIIB 2030 - Supporting Asia’s Development over the Next Decade''
    4) ''AIIB 2050 - Drastic approach for the unanimity in 2030 SDG''
    5) ''AIIB 2045 - Interest of the Humanity for survival to achieve the SDG''

 

4. 6th annual meeting of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) in 2021 will be hosted by....
    1) UAE         2) India      3) Singapore 
    4) Malaysia 5) Philippines

 

5. In the month of June 2020, the AIIB approved ….... loan to India for Covid-19 response.
    1) $ 150 million       2) $ 250 million 
    3) $ 50 million        4) $ 750 million 
    5) $ 350 million

 

6. On 28 July 2020, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved a ….... grant to India from its Asia Pacific Disaster Response Fund (APDRF) to further support the government's emergency response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
    1) $ 1 million             2) $ 2 million 
    3) $ 4 million             4) $ 5 million 
    5) $ 3 million

 

7. Ashok Lavasa, the Election Commissioner of India was appointed as vice president for Private Sector Operations and Public-Private Partnerships in ......
    1) ADB      2) AIIB      3) World Bank 
    4) European Development Bank 
    5) New Development Bank

 

8. To ensure quality education for the out-of-school and at-risk children in the primary level, ADB made agreement with Qatar-based 'Education Above All' (EAA) Foundation to work jointly for project worth of……
    1) $ 10 million          2) $ 200 million 
    3) $ 300 million        4) $ 700 million
    5) $ 100 million

 

9. On 28 May 2020, ADB signed a 
$ 177 million loan to upgrade 450 km of state highways and major district roads in….....
    1) Bihar                     2) Rajasthan 
    3) Andhra Pradesh     4) Telangana 
    5) Maharashtra

 

10. Who is the president of ADB?
    1) Werner Hoyer 
    2) Christine Lagarde 
    3) Masatsugu Asakawa 
    4) Jerome Powell
    5) Gita Gopinath

 

11. RBI signed an agreement for extending a ...... currency swap facility with Sri Lanka.
    1) $ 100 million       2) $ 500 million 
    3) $ 400 million       4) $ 600 million
    5) $ 10 million

 

12. Who written the book 'Overdraft : Saving the Indian Saver'?
    1) Shakthikanth Das 
    2) C.Ranga Rajan         3) Urjit Patel 
    4) Raghuram Rajan
    5) B.P. Kanungo

 

13. Which Ex-Deputy governor of RBI written the book ''Quest for Restoring Financial Stability in India''?
    1) N. S. Vishwanathan 
    2) S. S. Mundra      
    3) Viral Acharya           4) R. Gandhi 
    5) Harun R. Khan

 

14. FamPay launched numberless card targeted at teenagers. This card has been launched in partnership with
    1) IDFC Bank       2) ICICI Bank           3) SBI           4) Union Bank of India     5) YES bank

 

15. Which district tops in NITI Aayog's 
(National Institution for Transforming India) overall delta ranking of aspirational districts for February - June 2020?
    1) Sri Potti Sriramulu Nellore, Andhra Pradesh 
    2) East Kameng, Arunachal Pradesh 
    3) Bijapur, Chhattisgarh 
    4) Begusarai, Bihar 
    5) Devbhoomi Dwarka, Gujarat

 

16. Which agency released India VNR 2020 report titled 'Decade of Action: Taking SDGs from Global to Local'?
    1) National Institute of Nutrition 
    2) RBI                      3) NITI Aayog 
    4) Financial Stability and Development Council 
    5) Indian Council for Cultural Relations

 

17. To develop a pathway to have a low-carbon emission transport system in India, NITI Aayog in collaboration with ITF launched the ''Decarbonising Transport in India''. In this context, ITF stands for..
    1) Invention Transport Forum 
    2) International Tourism Forum
    3) International Transport Front 
    4) International Tour Forum
    5) International Transport Forum

 

18. Who is the Chairman of NITI Aayog?
    1) President          2) Vice-President 
    3) Prime Minister 
    4) Finance Minister   
    5) RBI Governor

 

19. Who is the Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog?
    1) Nirmala Sitha Raman 
    2) Shaktikanta Das 
    3) Rajiv Kumar 
    4) Ratan P Watal 
    5) V K Saraswat

 

20. The Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of NITI Aayog is ....
    1) Kapil Dev Tripathi  2) P.K. Mishra 
    3) Nripendra Mishra  4) Rajiv Gauba
    5) Amitabh Kant


21. SEBI (Securities and Exchange Board of India) restructured Advisory Committee on Mutual Funds under the Chairmanship of …
    1) Gurumoorthy Mahalingam 
    2) S.K Mohanty      3) Ananta Barua 
    4) Usha Thorat       5) KVR Murthy

 

22. Who is the chairman of the SEBI panel suggested the measures to strengthen enforcement, recovery mechanism?
    1) Justice Madan Lokur 
    2) Justice Indu Malhotra 
    3) Justice Anil Dave 
    4) Justice K G Balakrishnan 
    5) Justice Deepak Mishra

 

23. To provide a single platform for research internships, capacity building programs, and workshops across the country, which scheme was launched by the Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB)?
    1) 'Vigyan Kundali' 
    2) 'Vignan Aamodan' 
    3) 'Add on Vigyan'
    4) 'Vigyan Pradarsan' 
    5) 'Accelerate Vigyan'

 

24. Turkmenistan got observer status in World Trade Organization (WTO). Who is the Director General of WTO?
    1) Klaus Schwab   2) Achim Steiner 
    3) Li Yong             4) Inger Andersen
    5) Roberto Azevedo

 

25. Competition Commission of India (CCI) approved the acquisition of Krishnapatnam Port Company Limited by..… 
    1) Dakshin Bharat Gateway Terminal Pvt. Ltd
    2) Gujarat Pipavav Port Ltd.
    3) Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited
    4) Chennai Container Terminal Pvt. Ltd.
    5) Ennore Tank Terminals Private Limited

 

26. Roshni Nadar Malhotra became first woman chairperson of which Indian IT firm?
    1) Infosys Ltd 
    2) Oracle Financial Services Software Ltd 
    3) HCL Technologies
    4) Tech Mahindra 
    5) 1 to 9 Solutions

 

27. Which government launched 'Paudhe Lagao, Paryavaran Bachao' campaign, a mega tree plantation drive to reduce pollution?
    1) Bihar       2) Rajasthan     3) Delhi 
    4) Uttar Pradesh 
    5) Jammu and Kashmir

 

28. 'Balaram Yojana' launched by … with an aim to provide agricultural credit of Rs.1,040 crores to landless farmers who are facing problems due to COVID-19.
    1) Bihar    2) Odisha    3) Rajasthan 
    4) Uttar Pradsh           5) Gujarat

 

29. PM Modi launched the technology platform CHAMPIONS (Creation and Harmonious Application of Modern Processes for Increasing the Output and National Strength) for……
    1) MSME Sector 
    2) Aviation Industry     
    3) Hospitality Sector 
    4) Education Sector
    5) Diamond Industry

 

30. Which bank in collaboration with TransUnion CIBIL launched financial knowledge platform named ''MSMESaksham'' for MSMEs?
    1) RBI        2) NABARD     3) SIDBI 
    4) EXIM Bank                   5) SBI

 

31. Who is the chairman of SIDBI (Small Industrial Development Bank of India)?
    1) Ajay Tyagi         2) Ashok Guptha 
    3) Mohammad Mustafa 
    4) Subhash C. Khuntia 
    5) Ram Sewak Sharma

 

32. Which feature of United Payments Interface (UPI), the one-stop fintech payment solution was launched by National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) at Global Fintech Festival 2020 held recently?
    1) UPI AIPay           2) UPI NoPay 
    3) UPI AutoPay       4) UPI GoPay 
    5) UPI RBIPay

 

33. RBI set up a high-level committee to study the use of Quick Response (QR) codes to process contactless transactions under the chairmanship of…
    1) Sudhir Shrivastava 
    2) Usha Thorat 
    3) Deepak B. Phatak 
    4) N K Singh 
    5) Arundhathi Bhattacharya

 

34. 'INSTA CLICK SAVINGS ACCOUNT', the 100% paperless digital self-assisted online savings account recently launched by..
    1) SBI          2) Bank of Maharastra 
    3) Axis bank 4) Bank of Baroda
    5) HDFC bank

 

35. A payment bank launched 'Bhavishya' savings account scheme for minors aged between 10-18 years. It is…
    1) Fino Payments Bank 
    2) India Post Payments Bank
    3) Paytm Payments Bank 
    4) Airtel Payments Bank
    5) Jio Payments Bank

 

KEY: 1-3 2-5 3-3 4-1 5-4 6-5 7-1 8-5 9-5 10-3 11-3 12-3 13-3 14-1 15-3 16-3 17-5 18-3 19-3 20-5 21-4 22-3 23-5 24-5  25-3 26-3 27-3 28-2 29-1 30-3
31-3  32-3 33-3 34-4 35-1.

 

WORLD PUBLIC SERVICE DAY OBSERVED ON..

National

SATYABHAMA portal


    To promote research and development in the mining and minerals sector, Union Minister for Coal, Mines and Parliamentary Affairs Pralhad Joshi launched SATYABHAMA (Science and Technology Yojana for Aatmanirbhar Bharat in Mining Advancement) Portal for Science and Technology Programme Scheme on 15 June 2020.
    SATYABHAMA Portal allows online submission of project proposals along with monitoring of the projects and utilization of funds/grants. 
    The researchers can also submit progress reports and final technical reports of the projects in the electronic format in the portal. The minister requested the scientists and researchers in the mining and mineral sector to undertake qualitative and innovative research and development work for 'AatmaNirbhar Bharat'. 

YUKTI 2.0


    “YUKTI 2.0” – (Young India combating COVID with Knowledge, Technology and Innovation 2.0), a platform to support the startups incubated in the institutes of higher education over the virtual platform was launched by the Union Minister of Human Resource Development Ramesh Pokhriyal 'Nishank' on 23 June 2020.
    It helps in fostering the innovation and entrepreneurship culture in the academic institutions. Its main objective is to understand the technologies which have commercial potential and information associated with startups incubated in the institutes of higher education. On 11 April 2020, the minister launched ‘YUKTI’ to identify ideas relevant in COVID pandemic. 
Atma Nirbhar Uttar Pradesh Rojgar Yojana
    On 26 June 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched 'Atma Nirbhar Uttar Pradesh Rojgar Yojana', the Uttar Pradhesh's mega employment scheme to provide jobs to migrant workers Via video conference.
    This yojana focused on generating employment for those migrant workers of Uttar Pradesh state, who recently returned from other states.

 

PM CARES Fund


    Union government declared to allocate Rs.3,000 crore from PM CARES for ventilator supply and migrants welfare. Rs. 2,000 crore will be spent in the procurement of 50,000 Made-in-India ventilators to Government-run COVID hospitals in all States/Union Territories.
    The Indian companies involved in manufacturing the ventilators include the Bharat Electronics Limited, the AgVa Healthcare and the AMTZ Basic. Rs. 1,000 crore allocated for the welfare of migrant labour. The fund can be spent on arranging accommodation, food, medical treatment and transportation of the migrants. The Prime Minister is the ex-officio Chairman of the PM CARES Fund. It was established as a public charitable trust.  

 

IN-SPACe


    The union government will constitute Indian National Space Promotion and Authorization Centre (IN-SPACe) for effective socio-economic usage of space technology. The above decision taken by the union cabinet chaired by the PM Narender Modi and approved the participation of the private sector in the entire range of space activities, including planetary exploration missions. IN-SPACe will provide a level playing field for private companies to use Indian space infrastructure. 


Annual TB Report 2020


    Central TB Division of Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare released the Annual “India TB (Tuberculosis) Report 2020” on June 24th. As per this report, there were around 24.04 lakh TB patients in 2019, a 14% increase compared to the previous year. Due to easy availability of molecular diagnostics, the proportion of children  diagnosed with TB increased to 8 percent in 2019 compared to 6 percent in 2018. More than 4.5 lakh lakh DOT (Directly observed treatment) Centers provide treatment covering almost every village across the country. 

International 

VaYU


    “Vivekananda Yoga University” (VaYU), the World’s first Yoga University outside India was launched on June 23rd by the Union Minister of State of External Affairs P P Chaudhary in Los Angeles, United States of America. Founded on the principles of Swami Vivekananda's love for universal welfare, VaYU will offer online graduate programmes based on scientific principles and modern research approaches to yoga. The programmes combine scientific principles and modern research approaches to the ancient Indian practice of yoga. H R Nagendra, the Chancellor of Swami Vivekananda Yoga Anusandhana Samsthana (SVYASA) is the first Chairman of VaYU.


Conference for UNRWA


    Union Minister of State for External Affairs V Muraleedharan participated in the Extraordinary Virtual Ministerial Pledging Conference for UNRWA. He announced the $ 10 million to the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) over the coming two years.
    When few nations withdrew funding, India had stepped up its annual pledge from $ 1.25 million to $ 5 million in 2018. The minister said that India already disbursed $ 2 million and will soon be remitting the balance $ 3 million. India is a major development partner of Palestine. Apart from funding people-centric development projects worth $ 72 million, India will also donate life-saving drugs to Palestine to help them in their fight against COVID-19. 


RIC meeting


    India attended the Russia-India-China (RIC) trilateral foreign ministers meeting hosted by Russia through video-conference on June 23rd. Attending the meet, the External Affairs Minister of India S. Jaishankar called on countries to respect international law and recognizing the legitimate interest of partners.
    The meeting comes during the escalating border standoff between India and China at the Line of Actual Control (LAC) in eastern Ladakh. The meeting focussed on the global situation arising out of the coronavirus pandemic, regional developments of common concern and global changes. 


Victory Day


    Union Defence Minister Rajnath Singh attended the Victory Parade at Red Square in Moscow on 24 June 2020 to commemorate the 75th anniversary of the victory of the Soviet forces in World War II. It was originally scheduled on May 9, 2020 but was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. 
    The Tri-Service contingent of the Indian Armed Forces comprised 75 all ranks marched along with contingents of Russian Armed Forces and 17 other countries in victory parade. The defence minister met the Russian  Deputy Prime Minister Yury Ivanovichh Borisov discussed bilateral relationships and reviewed the India-Russia defence cooperation. 

 

Pak in ‘Grey List’


    The Paris-based Financial Action Task Force (FATF) retained Pakistan in Grey List due to deficiencies found in money laundering and anti-terror funding laws and their implementation. FATF plenary meeting chaired by China found that Pakistan had failed to deliver on 13 of the 27 points in the action plan that it had pledged to implement.
    The meeting stressed the Prime Minister Imran Khan’s government should probe the widest range of terror financing. His government should implement targeted financial sanctions against all UN-designated terrorists and prohibiting their access to funding. Germany takes over the presidency of the FATF in July 2020 for a year.

 

45th Edition of TIFF 2020


    Priyanka Chopra and filmmaker Anurag Kashyap are among the 50 celebrated filmmakers and actors invited as the ambassadors of Toronto International Film Festival (TIFF) 2020 to be held in September 2020. TIFF is one of the largest publicly attended film festivals in the world. 
    This year’s selection comprises a lineup of 50 new feature films, five programmes of short films including Ammonite, directed by Francis Lee (United Kingdom). 

 

Others

UN honour


    United Nations honoured the Kerala Health Minister KK Shailaja for her efforts to fight COVID 19 pandemic on World Public Service Day, celebrated on 23 June. 
    She was invited by the United Nations to participate in a panel to share Kerala's strategy of aggressive testing, contact tracing and how quarantining helped slow the spread of the deadly COVID virus. 
    The webinar was organised to honour leaders who have done commendable work in the fight against Covid-19.     
    United Nations every year on June 23, observes the world public service day to appreciate and pay respect to public servants across the world.

 

Peace Prize


    Amartya Sen, the Nobel-laureate Indian economist was conferred with the prestigious ‘Peace Prize of the German Book Trade’ for his decades-long work on global Social justice, addressing the questions on social inequality in education and healthcare.
    The 'Human Development Index’, the 'Capabilities Approach’ and the 'Notion of missing women’ are his greatest contributions to the world of Economy.  The award will be presented by the German Publishers and Booksellers Association, Brsenverein.
    The award will be given to honour such individuals who have made an outstanding contribution to the realization of the idea of peace primarily through his activities in the fields of literature, science and art. 
Peace Prize has been awarded since 1950 and cash award carries a sum of 25,000 Euros.

 

Women’s World Cup


    Australia and New Zealand will jointly host the 2023 FIFA women world cup. This is the first Women’s World Cup to be hosted in the Asia-Pacific Region. 32 teams will participate in the event.
    FIFA president Gianni Infantino suggested conducting of the tournament every 2 years instead of every 4 years.
    2019 FIFA women world cup hosted by France and the USA was a winner and the Netherlands was the runner.

 

Model Questions


1.     ‘Legend of Suheldev: The King Who Saved India’ written by ..
    1) Chetan Bhagat         2) Amish Tripathi     
    3) Anita Desai              4) Upamanyu Chatterje     5) Shashi Tharoor

 

2.     Olympic Day observed on..
    1) 29 August     2) 24 April     3) 10 December    4) 21 November     5) 23 June

 

3.     Union Cabinet approved to designate Kushinagar Airport as an International Airport located in the state of……
    1) Uttar Pradesh   2) Bihar     3) Madhya Pradesh    4) Maharashtra     5) West Bengal

 

4.     International Day of the Celebration of the Solstice 2020 observed on…
    1) 21 March      2) 23 September     3) 22 December   4) 21 June    5) 21 January

 

5.     ‘Indira Rasoi Yojna’ (Indira Kitchen Scheme) to provide pure nutritious food to the poor twice a day at concessional rates declared by ….
    1) Chhattisgarh    2) Punjab    3) Jharkhand    4) Rajasthan     5) Maharshtra

 

6.     The term of Commission to examine sub-categorization of OBCs extended to..
    1) 30 Jun 2021     2) 31 Aug 2021     3) 31 July 2021     4) 31 Mar 2021      5) 31 Jan 2021 

 

Key: 1-2; 2-5; 3-1; 4-4; 5-4; 6-5.

 

MATIR SMRISTI SCHEME IS FOR?

National

ICGS Sachet commissioned


    Union Defence minister Rajnath Singh commissioned Indian Coast Guard Ship (ICGS) Sachet and two interceptor boats (IBs) C-450 and C-451 in Goa via video conference on 15 May 2020.
    The ICGS Sachet is the first in the series of five offshore patrol vessels (OPVs) and has been designed and built indigenously by Goa Shipyard Limited (GSL). 
    The IBs C-450 and C-451 are indigenously designed & built by Larsen & Toubro Shipyard Hazira and fitted with latest navigation and communication equipment. 
    The Defence minister expressed confidence that these Coast Guard Ships address the challenges related to maritime terrorism, drug trafficking, smuggling, maritime law enforcement and the search and rescue of threatened mariners. 


COBAS 6800


    On 14 May 2020, Dr. Harsh Vardhan, the Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare inaugurated the COBAS 6800 testing machine.
    It is a fully automated, high-end machine for performing real-time PCR (Polymerase Chain Reaction) testing. The testing machine will provide quality, high-volume testing with a high throughput of test around 1200 samples in 24 hours. It will largely increase the testing capacity with the reduction in pendency.
    It can detect other pathogens like Viral Hepatitis B and C, HIV, Mtb, Papilloma, CMV, Chlamadiya, Neiserreia, etc. 


DTIS


    Defence Testing Infrastructure Scheme (DTIS) was launched by the Union Defence minister Rajnath Singh for creating the state of the art testing infrastructure to give a boost to domestic defence and aerospace manufacturing.  Rs. 400 crore allocated for the Scheme, which would run for five years. It facilitates indigenous defence production causing the reduction of imports of military equipment and helps make the country self-reliant.


NMIS


    The Government of India launched an online dashboard National Migrant Information System (NMIS) to monitor and facilitate the smooth movement of migrant workers across the states.
    The movement of migrant workers became a humanitarian crisis after the government decided to announce nationwide lockdown, with thousands of them walking on roads to reach back to their home states.
    NMIS will help in speedy communication between states without creating additional work at the level of the field officers and had added advantages like contact tracing, which may be useful in overall COVID response work.


PMMSY


    The government of India allocated Rs 20,000 crore for Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) for integrated, sustainable and inclusive development of marine and inland fisheries. On this occasion, the Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that Rs 11,000 crore allocated for activities in marine, inland fisheries and aquaculture while Rs 9,000 crore for developing the infrastructure of fishing  harbours, cold chains, markets, etc.


"Interest subvention for Diary sector”


    The Union government launched a scheme "Interest subvention on Working Capital Loans for the dairy sector" for Supporting Dairy Cooperatives and Farmer Producer Organizations engaged in dairy activities (SDC&FPO).
    The scheme provides interest subvention of 2% per annum. An additional incentive of 2% per annum interest subvention to be given in case of prompt and timely repayment/interest servicing.
    The scheme will be implemented through the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)  will help to ease out the working capital crisis for handling surplus milk and enable timely payment to the farmers.

 

NIPER-G to combat COVID 19


    To combat the pandemic outbreak of COVID-19, the National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research Guwahati (NIPER-G) announced the invention of two products.
    The first one is the 3D-printed hands-free object that could be used to help open or close doors, windows, drawers (both vertical and horizontal), and refrigerator handle, or press elevator buttons, and laptop/desktop keyboards, including turning the switch buttons on/off.
    The second one is the 3D-printed antimicrobial face-shield to control the spread of novel coronavirus. It was designed after a thorough study to understand how viruses spread through oral, ophthalmic, olfactory and other body  cavities.

 

'GOAL'


    The Union Tribal Affairs Minister Arjun Munda launched the scheme “Going Online As Leaders” (GOAL), having a partnership with Facebook at a Webinar in New Delhi on 15 May 2020. 
    The scheme aims to enable scheduled tribe youth in remote areas to use digital platforms for sharing their aspirations, dreams and talent with their mentors.
    The scheme empowers 5,000 tribal youths to harness the full potential of digital platforms and tools to learn new ways of doing business, explore and connect with domestic and international markets.

 

International 

Global Nutrition Report 2020


    India is among 88 countries that are likely to miss global nutrition targets by 2025, as per the Global Nutrition Report 2020 released on 12 May 2020. The report also identified India as one with the highest rates of domestic inequalities in malnutrition.
    According to the Global Nutrition Report (GNR) 2020, India will miss targets, for all four nutritional indicators for which there is data available, i.e. stunting among under-5 children, anemia among women of reproductive age, childhood overweight and exclusive breast feeding. The GNR is a report card on the world’s nutrition-globally, regionally and country by country-and on efforts to improve it.

 

G-20 Virtual Trade and Investment Ministers Meeting


    The Union Commerce and Industry Minister Piyush Goyal attended 2nd G-20 Virtual Trade and Investment Ministers Meeting through Video-conferencing.
    In this meeting, the minister called upon the G-20 nations to ensure access to essential medicines, treatments and vaccines at affordable prices. India is proactively partnering in global efforts to develop vaccines and effective treatment for this disease.
    The Minister said that widely regarded as the ‘Pharmacy of the World’, India unconditionally provided medical supplies to over 120 countries to combat this disease, of which 43 countries received it as a grant.

 

Commonwealth Health Ministers meeting


    Union Health Minister Dr Harsh Vardhan participated in the 32nd Commonwealth Health Ministers’ Meeting through Video conference on 14 May 2020.
    He highlighted the timely, graded and pro-active measures taken by India towards COVID-19 management.
    On this occasion, he said that India announced an economic package of more than 265 billion US Dollars to support economic recovery as well to support vulnerable segments of the population.
    India took all necessary and timely steps including surveillance at points of entry, evacuation of Indian from abroad, surveillance in the community through disease surveillance network and community involvement as part of its management efforts.

 

SCO Foreign Ministers meeting


    Foreign Ministers of Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Member States meeting was held on 13 May 2020 via Video Conference. On behalf of India, External Affairs Minister S. Jaishankar participated and reaffirmed India’s strong commitment to the joint fight against Covid-19 pandemic.
    He expressed India’s readiness to share information, expertise and best practices to the SCO Member States.
    He highlighted the initiatives and various decisive steps taken by India in the wake of the pandemic. Foreign Minister of Russia Sergey Lavrov chaired the meeting. 

 

Others

International Nurses Day


    International Nurses Day observed on 12 May every year across the world to celebrate the birth anniversary of Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing.
    The theme for International Nurses Day 2020 is "Nursing the World to Health". The World Health Organization (WHO) joined hundreds of partners worldwide to highlight the importance of nurses in health care on this occasion. 
    It is not so easy to run the health systems without nurses and it should be remembered that WHO designated 2020 as “The Year of the Nurse and Midwife.” 

 

National dengue day


    National Dengue Day observed on the 16th of May every year. The day is observed with the recommendation of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India and aims to create awareness about dengue and improve prevention measures. Dengue fever is caused by the dengue virus, transmitted by the bite of the Aedes mosquitos.
 

Model Questions


1.     World Telecommunication Day observed on….
    1) 24 May               2) 12 May              3) 17 May            4) 10 May             5) 7 May 

 

2.     Present Union Cabinet Secretary is……..?
    1) Rajiv Gauba          2) I V Subba Rao 
    3) Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra     4) Dr. Pramod Kumar Mishra  
    5) Ajay Kumar Bhalla

 

3.     Which state launched ‘Matir Smristi’ scheme to utilize 50,000-acres barren land in 6 districts for income generating activities?
    1) Rajasthan             2) Chhattisgarh     3) West Bengal      4) Uttar Pradesh  
    5) Assam

 

KEY: 1-3   2-1   3-3                                        

CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Sentence

A group of words, so arranged as to give a complete sense is called sentence.
e.g.: My father has gone to Madras.
         Have you read this book?
         How lovely the park is!


Components of a sentence
Every sentence has two essential parts.
(i) Subject (ii) Predicate


Subject: The part, which names the person or thing we are speaking about this is called the subject of the sentence.
e.g.: Ramu (sub) can speak English.
         Macroni (sub) invented Radio.
         Padma (sub) can speak English.

Predicate: The part which tells something about the subject.
e.g.: Our Master went to Madras last week.
         The little girl is playing with her toys.
         My friend will come here tomorrow.

Kinds of sentences
There are five kinds of sentences.
1. Assertive or Declarative sentence
2. Interrogative sentence
3. Imperative sentence
4. Exclamatory sentence
5. Optative sentence

1. Assertive sentence
An assertive sentence is one which states or declares something. It begins with a capital letter and ends with a full stop.
e.g.: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born in Allahabad.
         Our library has five thousand books.
         The Prime Minister visits Andhra Pradesh.

2. Interrogative sentence
A sentence which is in the form of a questions is called an interrogative sentence.
e.g.: Why did you knock at the door?
         Do you tell lies?
         Where did you find it?
This interrogative sentence is always started with what, why, where etc., or any auxiliary verb.

3. Imperative sentence
This sentence which expresses a command, a request or an advice is called an imperative sentence.
e.g.: Type these letters at once.
         Please lend me your pen.
         Hurry up please! The time is over.

4. Exclamatory sentence
It expresses a sudden strong feeling of joy, sorrow, wonder or anger etc.,
e.g.: Alas! He is ruined.
        What a beautiful building it is!
        Hurrah! we have won the match.

5. Optative sentence
An optative sentence expresses a wish or a prayer.
e.g.: May god bless you!
        May you live long!
        Wish that I were a king!

Assertive sentences
Examples:

1) I am a doctor.
2) She will not go out with him.
3) I shall go to Delhi.
4) I shall give her money.
5) The sun rises in the East.
6) When I met him, he was playing.
7) While I was singing, she was dancing.
8) I cooked vegetables and he fried rice.
9) Netaji was born in Kolkata. 

10) I must get up early tomorrow.
11) I am unwell.
12) We have won at last.
13) They have not returned the book.
14) You are not to leave the class without permission.
15) I am leaving pune tonight.

Interrogative sentences
Examples:

1) Do you know the residence of the doctor?
2) Why are you late?
3) Will you take me to temple?
4) What are you doing?
5) Will you help me today?
6) Why did you do it?
7) Do you know Rohit?
8) Have you done your homework?
9) How can I do such a foolish work?
10) Could you please lend me some money?
11) Would you like to have dinner with me?

Imperative sentences
Examples:

1) Mohan, please bring me that book.
2) Take umbrella with you when you go out.
3) Don't go out in dark.
4) The captain commanded the soldiers to march on till it was dark.
5) Richa congratulated her son telling him that he had won.
6) She asked the postman either to go or wait.
7) The manager ordered the clerk to run to the next office and bring some stationery.
8) She ordered stranger to leave her room at once.
9) The teacher ordered Suhani to stop talking then.
10) I requested her to help me.
11) The Principal congratulated the boy telling him that he had won.
12) She bitterly cursed him that god would never pardon him.
13) The manager ordered the assistant that the customer might be allowed.
14) The girls requested the gatekeeper to allow them to enter the school.
15) The lady requested her to come sometime.
16) The mother asked her daughter to shut the door.
17) The audience applauded his speech that he had spoken well.
18) The captain warned the soldiers to beware of the danger.

Exclamatory sentences
Examples:

1) Portia said, "Good Heavens, I am ruined!"
2) Mona said, "Hello sameer, good morning!"
3) The king said, "How foolish of me!"
4) Tarun said, "How clever I am!"
5) Deepa said, "what a pity! you have not succeeded"
6) She said, "How beautiful the rose is!"
7) He said, "what a lazy fellow you are!"
8) The captain said, "Hurrah! we have won the match"
9) The doctor said "Alas! the poor man is no more"
10) The spectators said "Bravo! well done"

Optative sentences
Examples:

1) The old man said to his son, "May God bless you!"
2) They said, "May God save our country."
3) He said, "May God pardon my sins!"
4) The beggar said, "May you live long."
5) The woman said to the child, "God helps you!"
6) She said, "May God pardon him."
7) The doctor said to the patient, "I hope you are better now."
8) They said, "Long live the prime minister."

THIRD LARGEST SOLAR MARKET?

International 

AIIB help


    Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) agreed to extend a $500 million loan to India to support the country’s efforts to prevent, detect, and respond to the threat posed by Covid-19. The project is funded by AIIB’s Covid-19 Crisis Recovery Facility, created to adapt to urgent financing needs of the bank’s  members impacted by the pandemic. AIIB’s Covid-19 Crisis Recovery Facility, created as part of the  coordinated international response to counter the Covid-19 crisis, has an initial size of $5-10 billion. 


India helps Bangladesh


    India High Commissioner to Bangladesh Riva Ganguly Das handed over the third tranche of emergency medical assistance to the Foreign Minister of Bangladesh A.K. Abdul Momen in Dhaka. The Third tranche consists of RT-PCR COVID-19 kits capable of running thirty thousand tests. The test kits were dispatched to the Institute of Epidemiological Disease Control and Research (IEDCR), Bangladesh.


Postage stamp on smallpox


    World Health Organization (WHO) and the UNO's postal agency released a commemorative postage stamp today on the 40th anniversary of the eradication of smallpox.  Smallpox was eradicated on the back of a 10-year-old effort spearheaded by the WHO involving thousands of health workers around the world to administer half a billion vaccinations.
    In the year 1980, the World Health Assembly issued its official declaration that the world and all peoples have won freedom from smallpox. WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said, when the smallpox eradication campaign was launched in 1967, one of the ways countries raised awareness about smallpox was through postage stamps.


India installed 7.3 GW


    In the year 2019, India installed 7.3 GW of solar power across the country, consolidating its position as the third-largest solar market in the world.
    India also had a robust pipeline of utility-scale projects under development of 23.7 GW at the end of 2019, with another 31.5 GW of tenders pending auction, according to a study by Mercom Communications India, a subsidiary of global clean energy communications and consulting firm Mercom Capital Group. The report also revealed that the top 10 large-scale project developers account for 68 per cent market share in 2019. ReNew Power was the top utility-scale developer during 2019, while Azure Power owns the largest project pipeline. Tata Power Solar had the largest cumulative rooftop portfolio, followed by CleanMax Solar.

 

Mission Sagar


    On 10 May 2020, India launched Mission Sagar, as part of the government’s outreach initiative towards five Island nations in the Indian Ocean amidst the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
    Indian Naval Ship Kesari departed for Maldives, Mauritius, Seychelles, Madagascar and Comoros.
    ‘Mission Sagar’ is in line with India’s role as the first responder in the region and builds on the excellent relations existing between these countries to battle the COVID-19 pandemic.

National

PM-CM Video Conference


    On 11 May 2020, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi interacted with the Chief Ministers of all the States and Union Territories to discuss the road ahead in India’s fight against COVID-19. He said that this understanding of the spread of COVID-19 will help the country in having a focused fight against it.  He said the new way of life would be on the principle of “Jan Se lekar Jag Tak”, from an individual to the whole of humanity. He asked the policymakers to also keep in mind how to embrace new models of teaching and learning in the education sector.
 

Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan


    On 12 May 2020, the Prime Minister Narendra Modi addressed the nation, five days before the third phase of the nationwide lockdown is slated to end on 17 May 2020.  He said that the fourth phase of the lockdown will be in a new form. Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman urged to make "local our mantra" and that the "Aatma Nirbhar Bharat" will build the 21st century for the country. 
 

COVID Kavach Elisa


    National Institute of Virology (NIV) in Pune developed an immunological assay-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-to detect antibodies that the body develops in response to infection by the SARS-CoV-2 novel coronavirus The test will detect IgG antibodies present in blood samples. 
    The test is expected to change the dynamics of COVID-19 testing in the country. It can test around 90 samples in approximately two and a half hours. This is the first time India developed an indigenous ELISA test for coronavirus.


DRUVS


    Research Centre Imarat (RCI), the Hyderabad based Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) premier lab developed an automated contactless UVC sanitization cabinet, called ‘Defence Research Ultraviolet Sanitiser’ (DRUVS).  It has been designed to sanitize mobile phones, iPods, laptops, currency notes, cheques, challans, passbooks, paper, envelopes, etc.
    The DRUVS cabinet is having contactless operation which is very important to contain the spread of the virus.  DRUVS provides 360-degree exposure of UVC to the objects placed inside the cabinet. Once the sanitisation is done, the system goes in sleep mode hence the operator need not wait or stand near the device.

 

'Surakshit Dada-Dadi and Nana-Nani Abhiyan'


    On 5 May 2020, the Niti Aayog (National Institution for Transforming India) in association with Piramal Foundation launched a campaign 'Surakshit Dada-Dadi & Nana-Nani Abhiyan' focused on ensuring the wellbeing of senior citizens during the COVID-19 pandemic.
    The scheme aimed at creating awareness about various aspects of senior citizens' health and lifestyle including preventive measures and requisite behavioral changes in view of COVID-19 pandemic.
    The campaign will reach over 2.9 million senior citizens in 25 Aspirational Districts across Assam, Bihar, Jharkhand, MP, Maharashtra, Rajasthan & UP; the Aayog tweeted.

 

Vande Bharat Mission 


    World’s largest evacuation operation to bring back stranded Indian nationals from different countries under Vande Bharat Mission on 7 May 2020.
    The government of India chalked out a detailed plan of the first phase of Vande Bharat Mission to bring back around fifteen thousand stranded Indian nationals due to COVID-19 outbreak from 12 countries. 
    Indian Navy launched ‘Operation Samudra Setu’ to repatriate stranded Indian citizens from overseas. INS Jalashwa and INS Magar brought hundreds of Indian Nationals from Maldives.

 

NABARD help


    On 5 May 2020, the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) said that it disbursed Rs.12,767 crore to State Co-operative Banks (StCBs) and Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) across the country for extending credit to farmers during the ongoing lockdown. The loans are being offered for one year at an interest rate of 4.8 per cent, NABARD said in a release. In April 2020, the Reserve Bank of India announced to provide Rs 25,000 crore to NABARD for refinancing Regional Rural Banks (RRBs), cooperative banks and microfinance institutions (MFIs).
 

UV disinfection tower 


    Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) developed an Ultra Violet Disinfection Tower for rapid and chemical-free disinfection of high-infection prone areas.
    UV disinfection tower designed and developed by Laser Science & Technology Centre (LASTEC), the Delhi based premier laboratory of DRDO with the help of M/s New Age Instruments and Materials Private Limited, Gurugram.
    The UV Blaster is useful for high tech surfaces like electronic equipment, computers and other gadgets in laboratories and offices that are not suitable for disinfection with chemical methods.
    The product is also said to be effective in areas with a large flow of people such as airports, shopping malls, metros, hotels, factories, offices, etc. The device can be used remotely through a smartphone or laptop using Wi-Fi.

 

New mandis in e-NAM 


    Two hundred new mandis from seven states joined the e-NAM platform for marketing of agricultural produce recently. They include 94 mandis of Rajasthan, 27 mandis of Tamil Nadu, 25 mandis each from Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat, 16 mandis of Odisha, 11 mandis of Andhra Pradesh and two mandis of Karnataka.
Co-Op banks under SARFAESI Act
    The Supreme Court held that the cooperative banks involved in the activities related to banking are covered within the meaning of ‘banking company’ and Parliament has legislative competence to provide for a procedure for recovery of a loan under the SARFAESI Act.
    The Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest (SARFAESI) Act, 2002, allow banks and financial institutions to auction properties (residential and commercial) when borrowers fail to repay their loans. It enables banks to reduce their non-performing assets by adopting measures for recovery or reconstruction.

Others

World War II medal 


    Russia felicitated the North Korean leader Kim Jong Un with a commemorative World War II medal for his role in preserving the memory of Soviet soldiers killed in North Korea. Russian Ambassador handed the commemorative medal dubbed “75 Years of Victory in the Great Patriotic War 1941-1945” to North Korean Foreign Minister. 
    North Korean Foreign Minister Ri Son Gwon accepted the award from Russian Ambassador Alexander Matsegora on behalf of Kim Jong Un. The Russian embassy said that Kim was awarded “for his great personal contribution to the commemoration of the dead and buried Soviet citizens on the territory of North Korea and showing concern about the safety of the Soviet soldiers’ graves and memorial sites” 

 

International Midwife Day 


    International Midwife Day celebrated on the 5th of May every year, to appreciate the work of  midwives. Midwives are women who have practical knowledge of helping pregnant women give birth. In the early times when there were no highly professional and equipped hospitals for pregnant ladies, they used to give birth to a child at home with the help of these midwives. 
    Each year ICM (International Confederation of Midwives) comes up with a campaign theme to motivate and raise awareness about the status of midwives and the needed and crucial care they provide to mothers and their new-borns.
    This year theme is ‘Midwives with women: celebrate, demonstrate, mobilize, unite – our time is NOW!’ The world needs 9 million more nurses and midwives if it is to achieve universal health coverage by 2030. That’s why the World Health Assembly designated 2020 the International Year of the Nurse and the Midwife.

 

Pulitzer Prizes


    On 4 May 2020, the 2020 Pulitzer Prize winners were announced 15 Journalism categories and seven Book, Drama and Music categories. The Pulitzer Prizes in journalism were first awarded in 1917 and are considered the field’s most prestigious honour in the U.S.A. Three Indian photojournalists Dar Yasin, Mukhtar Khan and Channi Anand of the Associated Press based won the 2020 Pulitzer Prize for ‘feature photography’. 
    They were conferred with Pulitzer for their coverage of the Jammu and Kashmir region during the clampdown that followed the Union government’s decision to divest the region of its special status and reorganise it into two Union Territories. Yasin and Khan are journalists based in Srinagar, while Anand is based in Jammu.

 

 

VIVAD SE VISHWAS BILL IS FOR?

Indradhanush


    Fifth edition of joint exercise Indradhanush between the Indian Air Force (IAF) and Royal Air Force (RAF) of the United Kingdom concluded at Air Force Station Hindan on 29 February 2020 The focus of this edition of the exercise is 'Base Defence and Force Protection'. This theme is of significance considering the recent threats to military establishments from terror elements. The aim of the exercise is to enhance mutual operational understanding, exchanging tactics, techniques and procedures. The highlights of the exercise that commenced on 24 February 2020 were combat free fall (CFF), special heli-borne operations, air-field seizure and joint intervention drill.


Commonwealth Points of Light Award
 

    Famous Environmental activist Jadav Payeng, popularly called the 'Forest Man', was named as the 128th Commonwealth Points of Light Award winner. The Points of Light Award recognizes people across Commonwealth nations for the difference they are making in their communities and beyond. He was conferred with this award for his exceptional voluntary service to environmental conservation. He belongs to Assam. He transformed a treeless sandbar along the Brahmaputra River into a 1360-acre vibrant wildlife haven.  


World University Rankings


    QS (Quacquarelli Symonds) released the World University Rankings by Subject 2020 on 4 March 2020. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Mumbai and Delhi found place among the top 50 engineering colleges across the globe in this ranking. While IIT Bombay ranked 44 and IIT Delhi bagged the 47th rank. Other Indian technological and engineering institutes like IIT Kharagpur (86), IIT Madras (88) and IIT Kanpur (96) found their places in top 100 of this category. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in USA got first rank.


Land Records and Services Index


    National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) released India's first land records and services index on 27 February 2020. Madhya Pradesh is the best performing state in terms of digitizing land records followed by Odisha. NCAER Land Records and Services Index (N-LRSI 2020) is based on data collected over 2019-20 on two aspects of the supply of land records. They are the extent of digitization of land records and the quality of these land record. The  Director General of NCAER Shekhar Shah said that the index will help formulate state action plans to attain the goal of secure, assured land records that mirror ground realities and are generated by efficient titling services.


Setu Bharatam


    Union Government contemplated the replacement of all the level crossings on National Highways by Road Over Bridges or Road Under Bridges under the Setu Bharatam scheme. The programme is being implemented by Road Transport and Highways Ministry to ensure safe and smooth flow of traffic and reduced road fatalities by 50% by 2020. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Setu Bharatam scheme on 4th March in 2016. 208 places were identified for construction of rail over-bridges or underpasses under the project at a cost of nearly 10,200 crore rupees. 


USA-Taliban peace deal


    On 29 February 2020, the USA signed historic peace deal with the Taliban in Doha, the capital of Qatar. India attended the historic event as observer. India’s envoy to Qatar P Kumaran witnessed the signing of the peace treaty to end USA soldier’s presence in Afghanistan in a phased manner in next 14 months. As part of the deal, the Talibans are required to initiate a dialogue with the Afghan government and other civil society and political groups for a permanent ceasefire and power sharing in post war Afghanistan. It was more than 18 years ago that the United States had ordered an attack on the Talibans, following the tragic 9/11 happening in USA.


Vivad Se Vishwas


    Direct Tax Vivad Se Vishwas Bill, 2020 seeks to provide taxpayers an opportunity to settle direct tax disputes within the current financial year by waiving interest and penalty on their pending taxes. Lok Sabha passed the Vivad se Vishwas Bill, aims to settle pending direct tax disputes in the country recently. The bill paves the way to provide resolution of disputed tax and related matters. 
    There are four lakh eighty three thousand cases amounting to over nine lakh crore rupees related to direct tax pending in different appellate forums including High Courts and Supreme Court. Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman said that taxpayers willing to settle disputes shall be allowed a complete waiver of interest and penalty if they pay the entire amount of tax before the stipulated date. 


Chronicles of Change Champions


    On 5 March 2020, the Union Minister for Women and Child Development Smriti Zubin Irani released a book titled 'Chronicles of Change Champions' at an event held in New Delhi. 
    The book is a compilation of 25 innovative initiatives taken at the state and district levels under the Prime Minister’s flagship scheme of 'Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao'. She also urged those districts that are lagging in the girl child sex ratio to work with best performing States like Haryana and Arunachal Pradesh who have done commendable work in improving the sex ratio of the girl child.


Supreme Court allows trade in cryptocurrency 


    On 4 March 2020, the Supreme Court struck down Reserve Bank of India (RBI)’s 2018 circular, preventing banks from providing services in support of cryptocurrencies. Among those entities that challenged the RBI were the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI), which represents the interests of the online and digital services industry, exchanges and crypto asset traders. 
    IAMAI argued that trading in cryptocurrencies in the absence of a law banning those was a 'legitimate' business activity under the Constitution. 


Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) - II


    On 4 March 2020, the Union government launched the second phase of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Grameen) (SBM (G) Phase-II). It will be implemented from 2020-2021 to 2024-2025 in a mission mode with an outlay of Rs.1,40,881 crores. Union Minister of Jal Shakti  Gajendra Singh Shekhawat on this occasion said that the second phase will focus on sustaining the gains made under the programme in the last five years in terms of toilet access and usage, ensuring that no one is left behind.
    It will continue to generate employment and provide impetus to the rural economy through the construction of household toilets and community toilets. It will also ensure that effective solid and liquid waste management (SLWM) is instituted in every Gram Panchayat of the country.


Pritzker Architecture prize 2020


    Pritzker Architecture prize awarded each year to a living architect/s for significant achievement. Irish based Yvonne Farrell and Shelley McNamara was conferred with the Pritzker prize 2020. Both gained international fame for their inspired structures that include Paris's Institut Mines Telecom building. This is the first time a female duo conferred with architecture’s most prestigious award.


Model Questions


1.     Jan Aushadi Diwas celebrated on .....
    1) 1 March         2) 3 March        3) 5 March         4) 8 March        5) 7 March 


2.     Muhyiddin Yassin is the new Prime Minister of .....
    1) Finland      2) Iraq      3) Malaysia     4) Sudan     5) Israel 

 

3.    108th Indian Science Congress 2021 to be held in .....?
    1) Pune         2) Bangalore          3) Jalandhar        4) Imphal         5) Tirupathi

 

4.     How much aid committed by World Bank to help countries to combat the coronavirus outbreak?
    1) $ 18 billion      2) $ 16 billion     3) $ 12 billion     4) $ 20 billion     5) $ 10 billion

 

5.     From 16th to 20th May 2020, 4th Global Ayurveda Festival will be held at .....
    1) Kochi          2) Kanyakumari         3) Haridwar        4) Porbandar          5) Jammu

 

6.     The wrong combination is .....?
    1) Foreign Secretary-Harsh Vardhan Shringla   
    2) Chief Economic Adviser - Krishnamurthy Subramanian 
    3) 15th Finance Commission chairman  -  N.K. Singh 
    4) Finance Secretary - Ajay Bhushan Pandey 
    5) Securities & Exchange Board of India (SEBI) chairman - Subhash Chandra Khuntia 

 

7.     AJEYA WARRIOR-2020 is the joint military exercise between India and .....
    1) UK    2) France      3) Sri Lanka    4) Japan     5) Oman

 

8.     Namaste Orchha festival recently concluded in .....
    1) Arunachal Pradesh            2) Kerala           3) Assam          4) Madhya Pradesh          5) West Bengal

   

9.     Chapchar Kut is the biggest and most joyful festival of ?
    1) Maharashtra            2) Tamil Nadu            3) Mizoram              4)  Karnataka          5) Haryana

 

10.     National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) infused ..... in the rural banking system during the current fiscal year
    1) Rs.2.46 lakh crore      2) Rs.1.06 lakh crore     3) Rs.3.46 lakh crore     4) Rs.1.46 lakh crore    5) Rs.2.86 lakh crore

 

11.     Badminton Asia Championships 2020 shifted from Wuhan (China) to ..... due to coronavirus outbreak
    1) New Delhi, India     2) Manila, Philippines    3) Colombo, Sri Lanka       4) Katmandu, Nepal     5) Tokyo, Japan

 

Key: 1-5; 2-3; 3-1; 4-3; 5-1; 6-5; 7-1; 8-4; 9-3; 10-4; 11-2. 

NAMASTE OVER HANDSHAKE IS TO?

Union Cabinet Proposals

    Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi  approved to release an additional installment of Dearness Allowance (DA) to Central Government employees and Dearness Relief (DR) to pensioners with effect from 01.01.2020. There will be an increase of 4% over the existing rate of 17% of the Basic Pay/Pension, to compensate for price rise.
    Union Cabinet also approved reconstruction scheme for Yes Bank and also approved a proposal for the construction of 780 kilometer of green highways at a cost of Rs.7,660 crores.


World Kidney Day

    On every second Thursday in the month of March, the World Kidney Day is celebrated. This year, on 12 March 2020 the World Kidney Day observed.
    A global campaign aimed at raising awareness of the importance of kidneys done on this day.
    This year’s theme is ‘Kidney health for everyone everywhere from prevention to detection and equitable access to care’.
    It aims to raise awareness of the importance of our kidneys to our overall health and to reduce the frequency and impact of kidney disease and its associated health problems worldwide.


Cri-MAC launched

    Union Minister of State for Home Nityanand Rai launched the Crime Multi Agency Centre (Cri-MAC) for sharing of information on heinous crime and other issues related to inter-state coordination.
    He launched the Centre at a function organised on the occasion of 35th Inception Day of National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) on 12 March 2020.
    He also launched the National Cyber crime Training Centre (NCTC) for professional quality e-Learning services on cyber crime investigation to police officers, judges, prosecutors and other stakeholders.


International Yoga Day

    Leh, the capital of the Union territory of Ladakh will be the venue for the main event for International Yoga Day on 21 June 2020 and Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend the day celebrations.


MS Swaminathan Award

    V Praveen Rao, Vice-Chancellor of Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University (PJTSAU) was conferred with the Dr MS Swaminathan Award.
    He was selected for this award for his contributions in the fields of agricultural research, teaching, extension and administration. It carries a prize of Rs.2 lakh and a citation.
    Praveen Rao handled 13 research and six consultancy projects on micro irrigation in India, Israel and South Africa


Dadasaheb Phalke Awards

    Dadasaheb Phalke International Film Festival was held recently in Mumbai. Actor Ravi Dubey served as the host of show.
    Best Film award declared to film “Super 30”.
    Hrithik Roshan won the Best Actor Award for his performance in ‘Super 30’film.  In the film, he played the character of Anand Kumar and the film revolves around his social initiative.
    Dia Mirza took home the award for best actress for her performance in Kaafir.
    Best Actor in Television Series won by Dheeraj Dhoopar and Divyanka Tripathi Dahiya, who had played the lead role in the long-running TV show Yeh Hai Mohabbatein won the best television actress award. Big Boss 13 won Best Reality Show award. 


Animal Protection Index 

     India is one of the better-performing countries in the global Animal Protection Index 2020, created by international animal welfare charity, World Animal Protection. The index ranks countries from A (being the highest score) to G (being the weakest score) according to their policy and legislation. India has attained a C ranking in the index, along with countries like New Zealand, Mexico, France, and Spain.
 

39th GST Council

    On 14th March 2020, the 39th GST Council meeting was held under the chairmanship of Union Finance & Corporate Affairs Minister Smt Nirmala Sitharaman in New Delhi.
    The meeting was attended by finance ministers of different states and Union Territories and other senior officers. 
    The council took many decisions, including an increase in the tax rate on mobile phones and specified parts to 18% from 12%, allowing a full claim of input tax credit.
    GST (Goods and services Tax) on handmade, machine-made matchsticks has been rationalized to 12% while GST on MRO (Maintenance Repair Overhaul) services of aircraft has been slashed to 5% from 18%.
    She also said that a better GSTN system should be ensured by Infosys by July 2020.


Empowering Women Entrepreneurs

    Union Minister for Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises and Road Transport & Highways, Nitin Gadkari said that policy simplification of the government has resulted in an increased number of women entrepreneurs in the country. 
    He said that there are now around 80 lakh women entrepreneurs in Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) sector of the country and there has been an increase of about 38% under Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme (PMEGP) enterprises being established by women entrepreneurs in last 5 years.
    ‘MSME SAMBANDH’ gives all the relevant information about procurements made by Central Public Sector Enterprises and a portal ‘Udyam Sakhi’ is meant for female entrepreneurs 

 

Nari Shakti Puraskar

    On 8 March 2020, the President of India Ram Nath Kovind, presented Nari Shakti Puraskar on the occasion of International Women’s Day at a function held at Rashtrapati Bhavan Cultural Centre (RBCC)
    The Nari Shakti Puraskar is a National Award in recognition of exceptional work for women empowerment, conferred every year on March 8 as a mark of respect and recognition for those who have demonstrated exemplary courage and stellar contribution towards empowerment of women.
    One of the awardees is Padala Bhudevi from Andhra Pradesh, who  has been working for the development of tribal women, widows, Podu lands through a community based organization- CAVS (Chinnai Adhivasi Vikas Society), established in 1996.
    Tashi and Nungshi are mountaineers since more than 8 years. They are the first female twins to scale Mt. Everest in 2013. They belong to Uttrakhand.
    Bhageerathi Amma and Karthyayini Amma (105 and 98 years respectively) passed the Class IV literacy equivalent examinations from Kerala are also among the winners.
    The award also conferred on Indian Air Force (IAF)  first women fighter pilots, Mohana Jitarwal, Avani Chaturvedi and Bhawana Kanth.

 

First female President of Greece

    Katerina Sakellaropoulou sworn in as the new President of Greece. She is the first female President of Greece, a former high court judge was voted overwhelmingly by parliament before two months. Greece must continue to adhere to its democratic principles and the state of law, moving toward “a future of prosperity that will have room for us all,” she said.
 

Ranji Trophy

    On 13 March 2020, Saurashtra won their maiden Ranji Trophy  title against Bengal in the final played at the Saurashtra Cricket Association Stadium in Rajkot. It is their first-ever win in the history of India's premier domestic competition. Saurashtra posted 425 in their first innings. It successfully restricted Bengal on 381 in first Innings. In their second innings, Saurashtra put up 105 runs for the loss of four wickets in the 34 overs they batted on the final day before the players shook hands and agreed on a mutual draw. According to the rules of the tournament, if the final match is heading towards the draw, then whoever manages to take the first-innings lead is declared as the winner.


Writer: Amara Veeraswamy

18-3-2020

ANALOGY AND CLASSIFICATION

Keep soil alive..  protect soil biodiversity!

1. RBI declared that all branches of Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd. operate as branches of DBS Bank India Ltd. from 27 November 2020. Who is the present MD & CEO of DBS Bank India Ltd?
1) Rajesh Prabhu           2) Preeti Priya
3) Surojit Shome            4) Ravindra Bahl
5) Vikram Sud


2. RBI announced to increase the limit for contactless card transactions to…………..from Rs. 2,000 per transaction  from 1 January 2021
1) Rs. 10,000            2) Rs. 15,000
3) Rs. 5,000              4) Rs. 20,000
5) Rs. 25,000


3. As per monetary policy review statement announced by RBI governor on 4 December 2020, Real GDP growth projection for FY 21 revised to ………
1) −7.5%       2) −5.5%       3) −6.5%    4) −8.5%      5) −4.5%


4. The RBI projected CPI inflation at  …………..Q3 of FY 21
1) 4.8%     2) 1.5%     3) 8.4%     4) 3.8%     5) 6.8%


5. Banks can avail funds from RBI   under TLTRO to invest in sectors   under ECLGS 2.0 as per the recent   decision of RBI. In this context what  stands for ‘R’ in TLTRO?
1) Rupee      2) Repo     3) Real    4) Rule     5) Raise


6. Asian Development Bank on 20  November 2020 said it approved $   50 million loan to improve operational   efficiencies and resource  planning and management in…
1) West Bengal          2) Odisha             3) AP
4) Tamil Nadu            5) Chhattisgarh


7. The latest Policy rates and Reserve    Ratios of RBI are given, after declaration    of monetary policy review.   The wrong option is…………
1) Repo Rate : 4.00%     

2) Reverse Repo Rate : 3.35%     

3) Marginal Standing Facility  Rate : 4.25% 

4) Cash Reserve Ratio : 3.00%

5) All of above correct


8. RBI decided to make RTGS available round the clock on all days of the year with effect from …………
1) 25 December 2020
2) 31 December 2020
3) 14 December 2020
4) 14 January 2021
5) 1 February 2021


9. Which international monetary authority promised a loan of $132.8 million loan to Meghalaya to strengthen and modernize the distribution network and improve the
quality of power supplied to households, industries, and businesses on 1 December 2020?
1) AIIB      2) NDB     3) ADB     4) World Bank    5) USAID


10. On 25 November 2020, PM Modi released a special stamp and Rs. 100 commemorate coin on the foundation day of which university/ college/ Institution?
1) Jawaharlal Nehru University
2) Indian Institute of Science
3) IIT Delhi

4) St.Stephen’s College
5) Lucknow University


11. International Day of Banks is observed globally on…………
1) 1 December       2) 8 December
3) 10 December     4) 4 December
5) 11 December


12. World’s first central bank to have over 1 million followers on Twitter is......
1) Sveriges Riksbank, Sweden
2) People’s Bank of China, China
3) RBI, India
4) BangkoSentral ng Pilipinas,Philippines
5) State Bank of Pakistan, Pakistan


13. USA President-elect Joe Biden named whom as his nominee for treasury secretary? If confirmed by the Senate, she would be the first woman ever to hold the post.
1) Janet Yellen           2) Mala Adiga
3) Neera Tanden       4) Jen Psaki
5) Kate Bedingfield


14. RBI ordered which bank to suspend planned digital launches and the addition of fresh credit card customers, following frequent outages in online services ?
1) SBI      2) RBL Bank     3) HDFC Bank   4) YES Bank     5) Union Bank of India


15. To empower MSMEs with instant   digital loans, Suryoday Small  Finance Bank announced partnership  with…………….
1) Amazon Pay       2) Mobikwik       3) PhonePe   

4) G-Pay                 5) Paytm


16. ‘Ek Parivar Ek Bank’ is the punch   line of ……………
1) Bank of India        2) Dhanlaxmi Bank       3) Punjab National Bank

4) ICICI                     5) Bank of Maharashtra


17. Which international monetary organization  allocated $20.3 million aid  to its developing member countries  to access coronavirus vaccine on  17 November 2020?
1) AIIB     2) IDA    3) ADB   4) NDB    5) IMF


18. Who is the chairman of Indian Oil  Corporation appointed as the first  Vice-president of World Liquefied  Petroleum Gas Association  (WLPGA)?
1) PVG Menon                 2) Rajiv Jalota   3) Shrikant Madhav Vaidya
4) Akshay Kumar Singh   5) Sanjay Kumar Mishra


19. BRICS Economic Research Award   2020, declared by EXIM Bank  India conferred on……….
1) Dr. Dinesh Katre
2) Dr. Adam Yao Liu
3) Mark Carney

4) Seema Gupta
5) Aditya Puri


20. Which two nations are the biggest  contributors towards FDI equity  inflows to India as per the data  published by the Department for  Promotion of Industry and  Internal Trade (DIPP) between April and September 2020?
1) UK and USA
2) France and USA
3) Singapore and USA
4) Singapore and Mauritius
5) USA and Japan


21. Which day celebrated as ‘Awaas Diwas’ to commemorate the launch of PMAY-G, which aims to provide “Housing for All” by 2022?
1) 1 December     2) 14 December    3) 20 November

4) 30 November   5) 5 December


22. Which railway station renamed as  Mahadevappa Mailara Railway  Station in Karnataka?
1) Raichur                         2) Mandya     3) Haveri
4) Subramanya Road       5) Hassan


23. Who launched ANANDA (Atma Nirbhar Agents New Business Digital Application), a digital application for agents for onboarding to get a life insurance policy?
1) SBI Life                        2) HDFC Life      3) LIC
4) ICICI Prudential Life    5) Sri Ram Life Insurance


24. On 25 November 2020, who  launched the Securities Market  Trainers (SMARTs) program, an  initiative aimed at enhancing investor education and awareness?
1) RBI      2) BSE     3) NSE
4) SBI      5) SEBI


25. On 1 December 2020, which state  launched the biggest-ever DirectBenefit Transfer (DBT) scheme  called 'Orunodoi', aiming to cover 22 lakh families by transferring  Rs. 830 per month to the account  of one of the female members of the family?
1) Odisha    2) UP   3) West Bengal   4) Tamil Nadu   5) Assam


26. Uday Shankar was elected as the  new president of …………..
1) FICCI   2) NHB   3) ASOCHAM  4) CII   5) Exim Bank


27. Which North Eastern state was  conferred with four awards for its  more success in the fishery sector  by National Fisheries Development  Board?
1) West Bengal   2) Andhra Pradesh   3) Assam           

4) Maharashtra   5) Karnataka


28. Which nation declared a climate emergency on 2 December 2020 and pledged that its public sector would become carbon neutral by 2025?
1) USA    2) Russia  3) New Zealand 4) Norway  5) Sweden


29. Government of India appointed whom as the new Chairperson of National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)?
1) PD Vaghela   2) Varsha Joshi
3) Sahil Seth     4) Abhas Jha
5) SN Shrivastava


30. Union government unveiled which scheme to impart training to primary cooperative societies in rural areas on 24 November 2020?
1) Sahakar Pragya   2) ARYA    3) Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana
4) ASPIRE               5) Nai Udaan


31. Who is Comptroller & Auditor General of India, elected as External Auditor of Inter Parliamentary Union (IPU), Geneva for a three-year term.
1) K K Venugopal
2) Pradeep Kumar Joshi
3) Girish Chandra Murmu
4) Harsh Vardhan Shringla
5) Desh Deepak Verma


32. India gets which rank in the renewable power capacity as per the statement given by PM Modi in the RE-Invest 2020 meet on 26 Nov 2020?
1) 2nd   2) 7th    3) 10th    4) 4th    5) 8th


33. "Keep soil alive, protect soil biodiversity" is the theme of World Soil Day observed on…
1) 5 December     2) 10 December
3) 7 December     4) 1 December
5) 3 December


34. Uttar Pradesh Cabinet cleared the proposal to rename which airport as Maryada Purushottam Sri Ram Airport?
1) Ayodhya    2) Lucknow    3) Mathura
4) Varanasi    5) Shravasti


35. Government of India is working on an idea to set up a refinery for production of aviation fuel from bamboo grown in the Gadchiroli district of………….
1) Karnataka    2) Maharashtra
3) Jharkhand   4) Arunachal Pradesh
5) Tripura


36. NITI Aayog formed a panel to study feasibility of hyperloop technology in India under the chairmanship of………..
1) Ajay Bhushan Pandey
2) Krishnamurthy Subramanian
3) Karnal Singh

4) VK Saraswat
5) Vinod Kumar Yadav


37. Reliance Industries got first rank in the Fortune 500 list of Indian firms. Which company got second rank?
1) ONGC   2) TATA Motors   3) IOC   4) TCS   5) ICICI Bank


38. Which Municipal Corporation bonds on 2 December 2020, became the first municipal bonds from North India listed on Bombay Stock Exchange?
1) Mumbai    2) Delhi    3) Lucknow   4) Kolkata    5) Pune

 

Key

1-3  2-3  3-1  4-5  5-2  6-1  7-5  8-3  9-3  10-5  11-4  12-3  13-1  14-3  15-5  16-5  17-3  18-3  19-2  20-3  21-3  22-3  23-3  24-5  25-5  26-1  27-3  28-3  29-2  30-1  31-3 

32-4  33-1  34-1  35-2  36-4  37-3  38-3

ANALOGY

Analogy means ‘similarity’ having a similar features. In the questions based on analogy, a particular relationship is given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided. There are many ways of establishing a relationship. For example:
                       Botany  ::  Plants
                       Tailor    ::  Needle
                       Farmer  :: Field
                       Power    :: Watt

 

Some Models:
Directions:
      In each of the following questions, there is a certain relationship between two given words on one side of :: and one word is given on another side of :: while another word is to be found from the given alternatives, having the same relation with this word as the words of the given pair bear. Choose the correct alternative.

 

*  Tree : Forest :: Grass : ?
     a) Lawn            b) Field           c) Garden           d) Farm
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: A forest consists of trees and a lawn is made up of grass.

 

*  Giant: Dwarf :: Genius : ?
     a) Wicked             b) Gentle             c) Idiot             d) Polite
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: The given words are opposite of each other.

 

*  Quartz : Radio :: Gypsum : ?
     a) Glass             b) Porcelain             c) Cement             d) Powder
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: First is used to make the second.

 

*  Chromite : Chromium :: Ilmenite : ?
     a) Limestone             b) Cobalt             c) Manganese             d) Titanium
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: Chromite is a mineral of Chromium and Ilmenite is a mineral of Titanium.

 

*  Ruby : Red :: Sapphire : ?
     a) Blue             b) White             c) Green             d) Silver
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: Ruby is a red precious stone and sapphire is a blue precious stone.

 

*  House : Garbage :: Ore : ?
     a) Rubbish             b) Gangue             c) Sand             d) Dregs
Ans: ( b ).
Hint: The waste of the house is called garbage. Similarly, the impurities in the ore are called gangue.

 

*  Tile : Mosaic :: Knot : ?
     a) Embroidery             b) Abacus             c) Macrame             d) Easle
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: Just as tiles in a mosaic make a pattern, so too the knots in a piece of macrame make a pattern.

 

*  Country : President :: State : ?
     a) Governor              b) Minister              c) Chief Minister              d) Citizen
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: President and governor are the nominal heads of the country and the state respectively.

 

*  Car : Garage :: Aeroplane : ?
     a) Airport               b) Depot               c) Hangar               d) Harbour
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: First is temporarily parked in the second.

 

*  Bread : Yeast :: Curd : ?
     a) Fungi               b) Bacteria               c) Germs               d) Virus
Ans: ( b ).
Hint: First is produced by the action of second.

 

*  Illiteracy : Education :: Flood : ?
     a) Rain               b) Bridge               c) Dam               d) River
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: 'Second helps to get rid of the first'. 'Illiteracy' can be eradicated through 'Education'. Similarly 'Flood' can be controlled by constructing 'Dam'. Hence (c) is the correct answer

 

*  Appraiser : Building :: Critic : ?
     a) Book               b) Masterpiece               c) Judge               d) Gold
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: First comments of the second.

 

*  Fruit : Banana :: Mammal : ?
     a) Cow               b) Snake               c) Fish               d) Sparrow
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: First denotes the class to which the second belongs.

 

*  Hill : Mountain :: Stream : ?
     a) River               b) Canal               c) Glacier               d) Avalanche
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: Second is a bigger form of the first.

 

*  Court : Justice :: School : ?
     a) Teacher               b) Student               c) Ignorance               d) Education
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: First is the place where the second is imparted.

*  Command : Order :: Confusion : ?
     a) Discipline                b) Clarity                c) Chaos                d) Problem
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: The words in each pair are synonyms.

 

*  Hong Kong : China :: Vatican : ?
     a) Rome                 b) Mexico                 c) Canada                 d) Christianity
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: Hong Kong is a city in China. Similarly, Vatican is a city in Rome.

 

*  Push : Pull :: Throw : ?
     a) Jump                 b) Collect                 c) Pick                 d) Game
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: The words in each pair are antonyms.

 

*  Hot : Oven :: Cold : ?
     a) Ice cream                 b) Air conditioner                 c) Snow                 d) Refrigerator
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: An oven is an appliance to keep food-items hot. Similarly, a refrigerator keeps food - items cold.

 

*  Drama : Stage :: Tennis : ?
     a) Tournament                 b) Net                 c) Court                 d) Racket
Ans: ( c ).
Hint: A drama is performed on a stage. Similarly, tennis is played in court.

 

*  Illness is related to Cure in the same way as Grief is related to
     a) Happiness      b) Ecstasy      c) Remedy       d) Solicitude            e) Consolation

Ans: ( c ).
Hint: Cure ensures removal of illness in the same way as remedy insures removal of grief.          
                        

*  In a certain code language Infinite means Size. What is the meaning of indefinite in that code language?
     a) Time              b) Day             c) Meaning             d) Shape               e) None of these
Ans: ( a ).

 

*  In a certain way Diploma is related to Education. Which of the following is related to Trophy in a similar way ?
     a) Sports              b) Athlete              c) Winning              d) Prize               e) None of these
Ans: ( a ).
Hint: A successful finish of Education equips one with Diploma. Similarly, a successful finish in Sports equips one with Trophy.

 

*  Hamlet is related to Village in the same way as Metropolis is related to
     a) District               b) Place               c) Tehsil               d) City               e) Urban
Ans: ( d ).

 

*  Income is related to Profit in the same way as Expenditure is related to
     a) Sale               b) Receipts               c) Surplus               d) Loss               e) Balance
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: When income is more than expenditure, it bears Profit. But when Expenditure is more than income, then loss occurs.

 

*  Electricity is related to Wire in the same way as Water is related to
     a) Bottle               b) Jug               c) River               d) Pipe               e) None of these
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: Wire is the medium to transmit Electricity. Similarly, Pipe is the medium to carry Water.

 

*  Hospital is related to Nurse in the same way as Court is related to
     a) Justice            b) Lawyer            c) Judgment            d) Trail               e) None of these
Ans: ( b ).
Hint: Here, the first is the working place of the second.

 

* Which of the following is related to Melody in the same way as Delicious is related to Taste?
     a) Memory               b) Highness               c) Tongue               d) Speak               e) Voice
Ans: ( e ).
Hint: Delicious is the adjective used for Taste. Similarly, Melodious is the adjective used for Voice.

 

*  Apparel is related to Cloth in the same way as Footwear is related to
     a) Cobbler               b) Shoes               c) Sandals               d) Leather               e) Material
Ans: ( d ).
Hint: The first is made from the second.

SIMPLE, COMPLEX AND COMPOUND SENTENCES

I. Simple Sentence
A sentence which has only one finite verb is a simple sentence. It may have non-finite verbs, if required.
e.g.: She is walking.
        He has written a letter to help his son.

II. Complex sentence
A complex sentence consists of a principal/ main clause with one or more sub-ordinate clauses. It means that a complex sentence has more than one finite verb. Sub-ordinate clauses are joined by sub-ordinating conjunctions.
e.g.: I know that he is a good man.
        When you do this work, I shall help you with money.

III. Compound sentence
A compound sentence consists of two or more principal clauses. These clauses are joined by co-ordinating conjunctions such as and, but, so, therefore, otherwise, or, else, nor, while, for, whereas, still, yet, nevertheless, however, as well as, all the same, indeed, but.
e.g.: Speak or you will die.
        She is rich but she is not vain.
        My brother came and he handed over money to me.
        It was dark, however, we went out.
        It is cold indeed, but I will go out.
        She is intelligent while her sister is dull.

PRACTICE EXERCISE

I. Combine the following sentences into simple sentences.

1. The student admitted. He was absent.
A: The student admitted his absence.

2. I am not aware. what is he?
A: I am not aware of his profession.

3. She is sure. She will secure high marks.
A: She is sure of securing high marks.

4. I expect. He is honest.
A: I expect him to be honest.

5. It is certain. She has two sons.
A: She has certainly two sons.

6. It is believed. Netaji died in air crash.
A: Netaji is believed to have died in air crash.

7. It is beyond doubt. She will recover from illness.
A: Undoubtedly, she will recover from illness.

8. He visited the Taj. It is an artistic building.
A: He visited the Taj, an artistic building

9. Rathore is our captain, He scored five runs.
A: Rathore our captain, Scored five runs.

10. I will board a train. It connects Udaipur.
A: I will board a train connecting Udaipur.

11. She has arrived earlier. Do you know the reason?
A: Do you know the reason of her arrival earlier?

12. Kabir was a famous poet. He was a weaver.
A: Kabir, a famous poet, was a weaver.

13. We came across a soldier. He was in trouble.
A: We came across a soldier in trouble.

14. Mr. Verma is our teacher. Everybody loves him.
A: Mr. Verma, our teacher, is loved by everybody.

15. She is very poor. She can not carry on her study.
A: She is too poor to carry on her study.

16. He heard the news. He fainted.
A: On hearing the news he fainted.

17. He is working hard. His aim is to join army.
A: He is working hard. to join army.

18. Work hard. You will pass.
A: You will pass by working hard.

19. He told a lie. He was not afraid of it.
A: He was not afraid of telling a lie.

20. She was clever. I could notice it.
A: I could notice her cleverness.

II. combine the simple sentences into compound sentences.
1. He is Intelligent. He is careless.
A: He is intelligent but careless.

2. Walk fast. You will catch bus.
A: Walk fast and you will catch bus.

3. Wait here. He will not meet you.
A: Wait here otherwise, he will not meet you.

4. He can succeed. He will not work hard.
A: He can succeed but he will not work hard.

5. He came late. He would have enjoyed music.
A: He came late otherwise, he would have enjoyed music.

6. Morning walk is a good exercise. Everybody should walk.
A: Morning walk is a good exercise, therefore everybody should walk.

7. The bus was slow. He reached late.
A: The bus was slow so he reached late

8. You are a liar. Your brother is a liar.
A: You are a liar and so is your brother.

9. Stand outside. come in.
A: Stand outside or come in.

10. She came. She consoled me.
A: She came and consoled me.

11. I can not go out. It is very cold outside.
A: It is very cold outside, therefore I cannot go.

12. He is a fool. He is dishonest also.
A: Besides being dishonest, he is a fool.

13. Richa can not sing. Esha cannot sing.
A: Richa can not sing not can Esha.

14. He took bath. He put on new clothes.
A: He took bath and put on new clothes.

15. Write to father. Otherwise I would do so.
A: Either you write or I must write to father.

16. He is working hard. He wants to pass.
A: He wants to pass and so he is working hard.

17. The bus was slow. He reached late.
A: The bus was slow so he reached late.

18. I went to indore. I spent a few days there.
A: I went to indore and there I spent a few days.

19. Say one word. I shall kill you.
A: One word more and I shall kill you.

20. You play piano. Your brother plays piano.
A: You play piano and so your brother.

III. Change the following simple sentences into complex sentences

1. Truth is eternal.
A: What is true is eternal.

2. His fall is certain.
A: That he will fall is certain.

3. She jumped at my offer
A: She jumped at what I offered her.

4. Pay need to my instructions.
A: Pay need to what I have instructed.

5. Her remarks about my failure were disgusting
A: Her remarks that I had failed were disgusting

6. This is my native village.
A: This is the village where I was born.

7. His offence is unpardonable.
A: The offence which he committed is not pardonable

8. The pen given by him is very cheap.
A: The pen which is given by him is very cheap

9. A tired man cannot do work well.
A: A man who is tired, cannot work well.

10. He invented a machine for stitching.
A: He invented a machine which is used for stitching.

IV. Change the following into other forms of degree as directed

1. Mango is sweeter than orange (change into P.D.)
A: Orange is not so sweet as Mango.

2. The lotus is lovelier than the rose (change into P.D.)
A: The rose is not so lovely as the lotus

3. Ramesh is the tallest boy in the class (change into P.D. & C.D.)
A: Ramesh is taller than any other boy in the class. (C.D.)
     No other boy in the class is as tall as Ramesh (P.D.)

4. America is the richest country (change into P.D. & C.D.)
A: America is richer than any other country (C.D.)
     No other country is so rich as America (P.D.)

5. Hamlet is one of the best plays of shakespeare (S.D)
A: Hamlet is better than most other plays of Shakespeare (C.D)
    Very few plays of Shakespeare are as good as Hamlet (P.D.)

6. Krishna is stronger than Ramesh (change to P.D.)
A: Ramesh is not so strong as Krishna.

7. Ashok is wiser than suresh (change to P.D.)
A: Suresh is not so wise as Ashok

8. He is Braver than me (change to P.D.)
A: I am not so brave as him

9. Iron is not as strong as steel (change to C.D.)
A: Steel is stronger than Iron

10. you can walk faster than me (change to P.D)
A: I can walk as fast as you.

11. Lakshman is not taller than kumar (change to P.D)
A: Kumar is as tall as Lakshman

12. The fox is not wiser than the dog (change to P.D)
A: The dog is as wise as the Fox

13. The Elephant is the biggest of all animals (change to C.D & P.D)
A: No other animal is as big as the Elephant (P.D)
    Elephant is bigger than any other animals (C.D)

14. Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world (change to C.D & P.D)
A: No other peak in the world is so high as the Mount Everest (P.D)
     Mount Everest is higher than any other places in the world (C.D)

15. Akbar was one of the greatest kings (change to C.D & P.D)
A: No other king was so great as Akbar (P.D)
     Akbar was greater than any other king (C.D)

16. Varanasi is not the oldest of all the cities in U.P (change into C.D & P.D)
A: Varanasi is not older than some other cities in U.P.
     Some other cities in U.P are at least as old as varanasi.

17. Rustam was as powerful as his brother (change into C.D)
A: Rustam's brother was not more powerful than Rustam.

18. Shivaji was one of the greatest warriors of India (change into C.D)
A: Shivaji was greater than most of the warriors in India.

19. Eagle flies higher than any other bird (change into P.D & S.D)
A: No other bird flies as high as eagle
    Eagle flies highest of all the birds.

20. It is better to lend than borrow (change into P.D)
A: Borrowing is not as good as lending

21. Very few writers in India are as famous as R.K. Narayan (change into C.D & S.D)
A: R.K. Narayan is more famous than most of the Indian writers.
     R.K. Narayan is one of the most famous Indian writers.

V. Change the following Simple Sentences into Compound Sentences.

1. I Shall leave the room with your Permission.
A: You Permit me and I Shall leave the room.

2. For all his knowledge he is a fool.
A: He is a man of knowledge but he is a fool.

3. He was punished on account of his fault
A: He committed a fault so he was punished.

4. Despite his wealth, he is not respected.
A: He is wealthy but he is not respected

5. He worked hard to secure high percentage of marks.
A: He worked hard and secured high percentage of marks

6. On his return we asked him many questions.
A: He returned and we asked him many questions.

7. In addition to mathematics he also teaches Hindi.
A: He teaches mathematics and Hindi also.

8. I am thankful to you for sending me money.
A: You sent me money so I am thankful to you.

9. Besides being rich he is learned also.
A: He is not only rich but also learned.

10. He must work hard to secure high percentage of marks.
A: He must work hard and will secure high percentage of marks.

VI. Change the following Complex Sentences into Compound Sentences.

1. Although she is Sick, She will Come.
A: She is sick but She will Come.

2. If you come by car, we will take you to temple.
A: Come by car and we will take you to temple.

3. As it was cold, we did not go out
A: It was cold so we did not go out.

4. When the thief was found out, he was arrested.
A: The thief was found out and he arrested.

5. When she arrived, everybody welcomed her.
A: She arrived and every body welcomed her.

6. If you do not stop smoking, you will suffer from lung disease.
A: You must stop smoking otherwise you will suffer from lung disease.

7. I Shall not go, unless I am invited.
A:  I am not invited so I shall not go.

8. If you listen seriously, I will tell you all.
A: Listen seriously and I will tell you all.

9. I am glad that he has recovered from illness.
A: He has recovered from illness so I am glad.

10. I have found the pen that I had lost.
A: I had lost the pen but I have found it.

11. He had a dog that was very faithful.
A: He had a dog and that was very faithful.

12. Unlucky as he is, he is never disappointed
A: He is Unlucky but he is never disappointed.

13. Do this lest you should suffer
A: Do this otherwise you will suffer

14. How ever, Intelligent he may be, he cannot succeed.
A: He is very Intelligent but he cannot succeed.

15. If he had not given me money, I would not have started business
A: He gave me money and I Started business.

16. If he were at home, I would meet him.
A: He is not at home otherwise I would meet him

17. If he is at home, I shall give him money.
A: He is not at home otherwise I would give money.

18. In case he dies, his son will inherit his property
A: He will die and his son will inherit his property.

19. He must work hard so that he may pass.
A: He must work hard and he will pass.

20. He could afford to spend something but he spent more.
A: He spent more than he could afford

SIMPLIFICATIONS

Directions (Q. 1 - 10): What will come in place of question mark (?) in the following questions?
1. 3463 × 295 − 18611 = ? + 5883
Ans: 997091
Exp:
3463 × 295 − 18611 = ? + 5883
 ? = 1021585 − 18611 − 5883 = 997091

 

2. 2652 ÷ 39 ÷ 17 = ?
Ans: 4
Exp:


Ans:  

Exp:

 

4. (4444 ÷ 40) + (645 ÷ 25) + (3991 ÷ 26) = ?
Ans: 290.4
Exp:
(4444 ÷ 40) + (645 ÷ 25) + (3991 ÷ 26)
  111.1 + 25.8 + 153.5 = 290.4

Ans:  382
Exp:

 


Ans: 3721
Exp:

 


Ans: 64
Exp:

 

8. (2746 × 49) + 150180 = ? × 118
Ans: 2413
Exp:

Ans: 3
Exp:

 

10. 362.3 × 61.4 ÷ 60.8 = 36?
Ans: 2.6

Exp:

 

Directions (Q. 11 - 20): What approximate value should come in place of question mark (?) in the following questions?
Note: You are not expected to calculate the exact value.


11. 39.897% of 4331 + 58.779% of 5003 = ?
Ans: 4700
Exp:
39.897% of 4331 + 58.779% of 5003
 40% of 4330 + 60% of 5000
 1732 + 3000 = 4732 ≈ 4700

 

Ans: 10

Exp:

13. 43931.03 ÷ 2111.02 × 401.04 = ?
Ans: 8300
Exp:
43931.03 ÷ 2111.02 × 401.04
 43930 ÷ 2110 × 400

 20.8 × 400 = 8320 ≈ 8300

 


 
Ans: 180
Exp: 

 


Ans: 4890
Exp:

 

16. 1339.28% of 49.67 = ?
Ans: 670
Exp:
1339.28% of 49.67
1340% of 50 = 50% of 1340 = 670

 

17. 335.01 × 244.99 ÷ 55 = ?
Ans: 1490
Exp:
335.01 × 244.99 ÷ 55
 335 × 245 ÷ 55
 335 × 4.45 ≈ 1490

 

Ans:  51
Exp:


19. 124.945 + 7.894 × 1.493 = ?
Ans:  137
Exp:
124.945 + 7.894 × 1.493 = ?
125 + 8 × 1.5 = 137

 

20. (352 % of 49.6) − 74.638 = ?
Ans:  100
Exp:
(352% of 49.6) − 74.638
350% of 50 − 75 = 100

 

Directions (Q. 21 - 25): What should come in place of question mark (?) in the following questions?
21. (56 × 280) ÷ (14 × 112) = ?
Ans: 10
Exp:
(56 × 280) ÷ (14 × 112)

 

22. 9207 ÷ 27 × (0.2)2 = ?
    1) 136.4     2) 2492    3) 1.364    4) 126.7    5) None of these
Ans: 5
Exp:
9207 ÷ 27 × (0.2)2

 


Ans: 3
Exp:

 


Ans: 616
Exp:

 

Ans:  
Exp:

FLYPAST TRIBUTE TO COVID HEROES

National


Lockdown Extended


The third phase of lockdown with different relaxations in green, orange and red zones came into effect till the 17 of May 2020.
 According to the Home Ministry, activities prohibited throughout the country, irrespective of the zones are air, rail, metro travel, inter-state movement by road, schools, colleges and other educational, training and coaching institutions, hospitality services, including hotels and restaurants.
    Places that see large-scale public gatherings such as cinema halls, malls, gymnasiums, sports complexes etc will continue to remain shut and movement of individuals for all non-essential activities in all three zones from 7 am till 7 pm. 
    In the Red zones, the intensified surveillance protocols, contact tracing and 100% coverage of Aarogya Setu app. Containment zones will see house to house surveillance, home/ institutional quarantining of affected and clinical management. 
    With restrictions and social distancing, in the Red Zone the movement of individuals and vehicles with a maximum of 2 persons (besides the driver) in four-wheeler vehicles, and with no pillion rider in the case of two-wheelers allowed. The work in Special Economic Zones, Export Oriented Units, industrial estates and industrial townships allowed.   All Government offices, Food-processing units,  agriculture activities etc allowed.
    In Orange zones, the activities in Red zone are allowed and Inter-district movement of individuals and vehicles will be allowed also for permitted activities.
    In the Green zones, practically all day to day activities have been allowed barring congregations.
    Buses can operate with up to 50% seating capacity and bus depots can operate with up to 50% capacity. All goods traffic is to be permitted. No separate pass of any sort is needed for such movement.            E-commerce for non-essentials and liquor sale are allowed.


Gratitude towards Covid warriors

 The three wings of defence forces joined hands together to show their gratitude towards the corona virus warriors on 3 May 2020.
    These covid heroes, including doctors, nurses, hygiene and sanitation staff, police personnel, media and several others engaged in maintenance of essential services and supplies have stead fastly contributed to the effort to prevent spread of Covid-19.
    From Srinagar to Thiruvananthapuram and Dibrugarh to Kachchh, the Army carried out various activities like laying wreath at the Police Memorials, honouring and felicitating health professions and emergency supply operatives. The armed forces say ‘thank you’ to COVID-19 warriors who are at the forefront of the battle against the deadly Coronavirus pandemic. Indian airforce paid tribute by showering petals and flypasts for the COVID-19 warriors. 
The Navy and Indian Coast Gurad  ships formed formations near shores at select locations. Ships were illuminated at 25 locations covering the entire coastline of the country.

 

Kisan Sabha app

The Central Road Research Institute (CRRI), the lab of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) launched an app called Kisan Sabha to resolve the problems related to the agricultural supply chain and freight transportation Management System.
    In the present situation of COVID-19 Lockdown, the farmers are looking for help in taking their  produce to the market as possible as early to get more prices. They are also in tense to procure seeds and fertilizer from the market. So a robust supply chain management is urgently required to facilitate the timely delivery of the produce at the best possible prices.
    The App was remotely launched by Director General, Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) Dr. Trilochan Mohapatra on 1 May 2020.
    The App could be a one-stop solution for farmers, transporters and other entities engaged in the agriculture sector.


Task Force on NIP

The task force under economic affairs secretary Atanu Chakraborty submitted its final report on the “national infrastructure pipeline” (NIP) to Finance minister Nirmala Sitharaman.
    The task force firmed up a road map for capital investments of Rs 111 lakh crore in infrastructure,  during the period FY 2020-25 pledging 71% of the expenditure for energy, roads, urban development and railways, and envisaging a key role for private investors.
    The final report identifies and highlights recent infrastructure trends in India as well as global in all sectors of infrastructure. It also captures sector progress, deficits and challenges.
    Out of the total expected capital expenditure of Rs. 111 lakh crore, projects worth Rs. 44 lakh crore (40% of NIP) are under implementation, projects worth Rs. 33 lakh crore (30%) are at conceptual stage and projects worth Rs. 22 lakh crore (20%) are under development Information regarding project stage are unavailable for projects worth Rs. 11 lakh crore (10%). 
    The Centre (39%) and the states (40%) are expected to have almost equal share in implementing the infrastructure pipeline, followed by the private sector (21%).


International

 

NAM summit

 Prime Minister Narendra Modi emphasized on coordinated approach to fight against COVID-19. 
    He attended virtual Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Summit 4 May 2020 through Video Conference and said that the world needs a new template of globalization post COVID-19 based on fairness, equality and humanity. He said that the humanity is facing a major crisis in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic and NAM can contribute in dealing with it. He said the Non Aligned Movement can help promote global solidarity and it must remain inclusive.
    The PM also said “India is regarded as pharmacy of the world especially for affordable medicines and despite own needs during COVID-19 pandemic, it has ensured supply of medicines to 123 partner countries including 59 NAM members.” Without naming Pakistan, Modi said some countries are spreading “other deadly viruses” such as terrorism, fake news and doctored videos.


G20 Digital Economy Ministers meeting

On 30 April 2020, an Extraordinary Virtual G20 Digital Economy Ministers meeting was convened to discuss the challenges posed by the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. Union Minister for Law & Justice, Communications and Electronics & IT Ravi Shankar Prasad attended the meeting. He called on the G20 to come out with a concrete Digital action plan to fight the global pandemic.
    G20 Digital Ministers agreed to leverage the potential of Digital medium to stop the spread of the pandemic and protect people. While the minister talked about work from home culture, he also spoke about the need for developing digitally connected and more resilient global supply chains supported by innovations.


BRICS for revival

 On 28 April 2020, the foreign Ministers of the BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and  South Africa) nations held a virtual meeting to discuss the impact of the crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic. The meeting decided to set up a $15 billion fund for member nations to revive the economy.
    The leaders discussed how to overcome the financial, trade, economic and social consequences of the pandemic. The meeting was held at the initiative of Russia with Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov, as Russia is the chair of BRICS for 2020.
    S. Jaishankar,  the External Affairs Minister of India highlighted the initiatives and various decisive steps taken early by India in the wake of the pandemic including through Aarogya Setu Citizen App and Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Package.


Petersberg Climate Dialogue

 Union Minister for Environment, Forest and Climate Change Prakash Javadekar participated in the eleventh session of Petersberg Climate Dialogue on 28 April 2020. He said how the world is united engaged in finding a vaccine for novel Coronavirus, likewise it should have climate technology as open source which must be available at affordable cost. He stressed on the issue of climate finance and said the world now needs more. “We must plan for one trillion dollar in grants to developing world immediately”, he added
    This is the first virtual Climate Dialogue, hosted by Germany since 2010 to provide a forum for informal high-level political discussions, focusing both on international climate negotiations and the advancement of climate action.
    The Union Minister also participated in an Indo-German bilateral meeting through video conference just before the Petersberg Climate Dialogue.


Others


Commonwealth Youth Games postponed

The seventh Commonwealth Youth Games were scheduled to take place from 1-7 August 2021, in Trinidad and Tobago, postponed to 2023. 
    The Commonwealth Youth Games are postponed because of clash of dates with the Tokyo Olympics. The Tokyo Olympics was originally scheduled to be held from 23 July-to 8 August 2020, but was postponed to 2021 owing to the COVID-19 pandemic. Common wealth Games Federation president Dame Louise Martin said the decision was taken in the best interest of athletes and fans.

 

Rishi Kapoor died 

 Veteran Bollywood Actor Rishi Kapoor died at the age of 67 on 30 April 2020 in Mumbai, after a two-year battle with leukemia. The actor, who had charmed his way into millions of hearts , the Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted that Kapoor "was a powerhouse of talent," adding that he would always recall their interactions, even on social media.
    He got the National Film Award for Best Child Artist, Filmfare Critics Award for Best Actor  in his long silver screen career.

 

Order of Rising Sun

Thangjam Dhabali Singh, the doctor by profession and founder of the Manipur Tourism Forum (MTF), was conferred the 'Order of Rising Sun - Gold and Silver Rays' by the Japan government on 29 April 2020. The 'Order of the Rising Sun' is conferred on persons with achievements in international relations, promotion of Japanese culture, environmental preservation, welfare or achievements in their fields. It was constituted by Japanese Emperor Meiji in 1875.
    He organized the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Imphal of the Second World War. Several Japanese citizens, including officials from the Embassy of Japan in India participated in the event. 

 

Model Questions


1.  Who was appointed as the next Ambassador/ Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations at New York?
    1) Shantanu Narayen                 2) Gita Gopinath 
    3) T. S. Tirumurti           4) Laxmi     
    5) Ajay Banga

 

2. Prime Minister of Russia is ..?
    1) Mikhail Mishustin      2) Askar  Mamin  
    3) Ali Asadov     4) Abdulla Aripov      5) Kokhir Rasulzoda

 

3. World Press Freedom Day observed on ….
        1) 1 May      2) 8 May      3) 3 May          4) 29 April               
    5) 14 April

 

4. Asian Development Bank approved $ 346 million loan to provide reliable power connection in the rural areas of ……    
    1) Telangana               2) Maharashtra             3) Andhra Pradesh            4) Chhattisgarh             5) Himachal Pradesh

 

5.  RBI cancelled the license of which Mumbai based Co-operative bank on 2 May 2020?
    1) Apna Sahakari Bank               2) Citizen Credit Co-operative Bank  
    3) CKP Co-operative Bank         4) Cosmos Co-operative Bank   
    5) Janalaxmi Co-operative Bank 

 

6.  Who has been chosen for the Nikkei Asia Prizes 2020 in ‘Science and Technology’ category for his work in nanotechnology-based water purification?
       1) Adam Higginbotham           2) Prachi Salve  
       3) Prof. T. Pradeep                  4) Prof. K. Vijay 
       5) Dr.C.N.R.Rao  

 

Key: 1-3  2-1  3-3  4-2  5-3  6-3

 

ALPHABETICAL ORDER OF WORDS

In this type of questions the given words are to be arranged in the alphabetical order like in the dictionary. In this method first consider the first letter arrange them in the order and consider second letter and arrange them in the order then take next letter so on. Arrange the given words accordingly. 
 

Arrange the given words in alphabetical order and choose the one that comes first.
 

*  1) Intense      2) Intellect      3) Intend      4) Intelligent        5) Integument
Ans: 5.
Hint: Integument, Intellect, Intelligent, Intend, Intense

 

*  1) Didactic       2) Dictum       3) Dictionary         4) Diastole      5) Dictate
Ans: 4. 
Hint: Diastole, Dictate, Dictionary, Dictum, Didactic

 

*   1) Animate      2) Animosity       3) Anguish          4) Ankle         5) Announce
Ans: 3.
Hint:  Anguish,  Animate,  Animosity,  Ankle,  Announce

 

*     1) Qualify         2) Quarter           3) Quarrel             4) Quarry         5) Quaver
Ans: 1.
Hint:   Qualify,    Quarrel,    Quarry,    Quarter,    Quaver

 

*   1) Judiciary         2) Jockey         3) Javelin          4) Jealous        5) Jargon
Ans: 5.
Hint:  Jargon,   Javelin,   Jealous,   Jockey,   Judiciary

 

*  1) Blast      2) Bottle     3) Bondage       4) Boisterous      5) Bonafide
Ans: 1.
Hint: Blast,        Boisterous,         Bonafide,          Bondage,          Bottle 

 

*  1) Tenacious     2) Terminate       3) Temperature       4) Temple       5) Tenant
Ans: 3.
Hint:  Temperature,   Temple,    Tenacious,  Tenant,   Terminate

Arrange the given words in alphabetical order and tick the one that comes in the middle.
 

*   1) Plane             2) Plain                      3) Plenty                  4) Player                 5) Place
Ans: 1.
Hint:   Place,     Plain,     Plane,     Player,     Plenty

 

*   1) Parasite            2) Party               3) Petal             4) Paste                5) Prick
Ans: 4.
Hint:  Parasite,       Party,      Paste,     Petal,      Prick 

 

*   1)  Catastrophe     2)  Canvass      3)  Crisp      4)  Charcoal      5)  Character
Ans: 5.
Hint:  Canvass,    Catastrophe,    Character,      Charcoal,    Crisp

 

*  1) Delude        2) Delirium       3) Defer       4) Demean        5) Delete
Ans: 2.
Hint:  Defer,      Delete,       Delirium,       Delude,           Demean

 

*  1) Verrigate         2) Vibrate           3) Vindictive           4) Trench          5) Wavering
Ans: 2.
Hint:  Trench,   Verrigate,   Vibrate,   Vindictive,   Wavering

 

*   1) Firmament        2) Finish        3) First          4) Fissure        5) Fiscal
Ans: 3.
Hint: Finish,        Firmament,         First,       Fiscal,          Fissure

 

*  1) Amphibian    2) Amorphous    3) Amphidextrous    4) Ambiguous      5) Ambivalent
Ans: 2. 
Hint:  Ambiguous,      Ambivalent,       Amorphous,     Amphibian,     Amphidextrous

 

*   1) Entry            2) Efflorescent             3) Entreat            4) Ensure              5) Every
Ans: 3.
Hint:  Efflorescent,        Ensure,         Entreat,          Entry,         Every

 

Arrange the given words in alphabetical order and tick the one that comes at the second place.
 

*   1) Converse       2) Current                 3) Curator               4) Cutaneous              5) Cushion
Ans: 3.
Hint:  Converse,         Curator,         Current,            Cushion,           Cutaneous

 

*    1) Mink       2) Multiple       3) Murder        4) Multitude       5) Music
Ans: 2.
Hint:  Mink,     Multiple,      Multitude,       Murder,         Music

 

*   1) Rural          2) Romance           3) Rejoice                4) Reveal               5) Retain
Ans: 5.
Hint:   Rejoice,     Retain,          Reveal,           Romance,           Rural
In each of the following questions, arrange the given words in which they occur in the dictionary and then choose the correct sequence.
*    A) Peach            B) Praise                C) Precinct                D) Precept             E) Precede
1) 2,1,5,4,3          2) 2,1,3,4,5              3) 2,5,1,4,3              4) 1,2,5,4,3          5) None of these
Ans: 1.

 

*    A) Select            B) Seldom               C) Send                   D) Selfish                      E) Seller
1) 1,2,4,5,3           2) 2,1,5,4,3               3) 2,1,4,5,3                4) 2,5,4,1,3           5) None of these
Ans: 3. 

 

*    A) Wrinkle              B) Wriggle                 C) Writhe               D) Wretch              E) Wrath
1) 4,5,1,2,3          2) 5,4,2,1,3             3) 4,2,5,1,3             4) 5,2,1,3,4        5) None of these
Ans: 2.

 

*    A) Spruce           B) Spume             C) Spree              D) Spurt                 E) Sprawl
1) 5,3,1,2,4        2) 1,2,3,4,5             3) 3,5,1,4,2              4) 5,4,3,2,1         5) None of these
Ans: 1

 

*   A) Credential         B) Creed              C) Crease           D) Cremate            E) Credible
1) 1,2,3,4,5         2) 1,5,3,4,2        3) 5,1,2,3,4       4) 3,1,5,2,4         5) None of these
Ans: 4.

 

*   A) Intrinsic     B) Intrude     C) Intricate        D) Introvert     E) Intrigue      F) Introduce
1) 3,5,1,4,6,2         2) 3,5,1,6,4,2             3) 3,1,5,4,6,2         4) 5,1,3,2,4,6       5) None of these
Ans: 2.

 

*   A) Liver           B) Long            C) Late           D) Load           E) Luminous            F) Letter
1) 3,1,6,2,4,5         2) 3,1,6,2,5,4         3) 3,6,1,2,4,5          4) 3,6,1,4,2,5      5) None of these
Ans: 4. 

 

Answer the following questions based on the alphabet given below:
AB C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

26. If the letters of the word PRODUCTIVE which are at the odd-numbered position in the English alphabet are picked up and arranged in alphabetical order from left and if they are now substituted by Z, Y, X and so on, beginning from left, which letter will get substituted by W?

1) No letter will get substituted by W.        2)  O         3)  E           4)  C          5) None of these
Ans:  2. 

 

*   What will come in the place of question mark (?) in the following series?
GPW,        GPUW,      GIPUW,       GIPSUW,       ?
1) GIHPSUW         2) GIPQSUW            3) GIKPSUW            4) GUPSUV    5) None of these
Ans: 3. 

 

*  If the alphabets are written in reverse order after interchanging alphabets from 'D to L' with those from ‘R to Z' respectively, which letter would be midway between W and E in the new order?
1) Z              2) N                 3) D               4) There is no such letter                   5) None of these
Ans: 2. 

 

*  If every third letter from the following English alphabet is dropped, which letter will be seventh to the right of eleventh letter from your right?
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W   X   Y   Z
1) V                  2) U                  3) K                  4) I                         5) None of these
Ans: 1.
Hint: After dropping every third letter, we get A B  D  E  G  H  J  K  M  N  P  Q  S  T  V  W  Y  Z ( 11 - 7 )  =  4th from the right

 

*   A B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M  N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z
          Four of the following five letter groups of the English alphabet given above are alike in a certain way and so form a group. On the basis of their position in English alphabet, which is the one that does not belong to the group?
1) DKG               2) FMI              3) MTP                4) JQM              5) HOL
Ans: 5.
Hint: In all others, the sequence is that of +7 and - 4 respectively.

 

Following questions are based on English alphabet.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

*  If the letters from T to Z are interchanged by the letters A to G in such a way that A takes the position of T and so on, then which will be the third letter to the left of 18th from the right?
1) Y                   2) U                3) B                    4) C                     5) None of these
Ans: 1.
Hint: 3rd letter to the left of 18th letter from right. = ( 18 + 3 ) = 21st letter from
right = ( 26 - 21 + 1)  6th from left = F. In the changed sequence, Y comes in place of F.

 

*  If the first 6 letters shall be written in opposite order, then the next 6 letters shall be written in opposite order and so on, and at the end Y will be interchanged by Z then which will be the fourth letter to the right of 13th letter from left?
1) J                  2) H                     3) I                   4) O                          5) None of these
Ans: 5
Hint: 4th to the right of 13th from left = ( 13 + 4 ) =  17th from left =  Q.

 

*   What will come in place of question mark(?) in the following series?
       DGK      GKP     ?     PVC
1) GKV              2) KPV             3) PVZ                 4) KPU                  5) None of these.
Ans: 2
Hint: First letter moves + 3, + 4, + 5 places forward, Second letter + 4, + 5, + 6, and third letter + 5, + 6, + 7 in consecutive terms.

Who unveiled the Statue of Peace..?

International

Biden new team
On 24 November 2020, the USA President-elect Joe Biden announced his nominees for key foreign policy and national security roles as the transition process officially began. Antony Blinken will be secretary of state and John Kerry as Climate change envoy. He picked Linda Thomas-Greenfield to represent his nation in UNO as ambassador. He announced many firsts on the team, including Avril Haines, a former deputy director of the C.I.A, who would be the first woman to serve as director of national intelligence, and Alejandro Mayorkas, who would be the first Latino and first immigrant to lead the Department of Homeland Security.
While unveiling the new team Biden said “America is back” and noted that Jake Sullivan, his choice to serve as National Security Adviser, would be the youngest person to coordinate the national security team in decades.


12th BRICS Summit
On 17 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually participated in the 12th summit of BRICS (Brazil Russia - India - China - South Africa) group. This year's theme was 'Global stability, shared security and innovative growth'. While addressing the meet, PM Modi reiterated India's long-standing demand for reformed multilateralism. He also touched upon the need to reform the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in light of contemporary challenges. Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the approval of the Moscow Declaration, the BRICS Anti-Terrorism Strategy and the BRICS updated strategy for the economic partnership until 2025 at the culmination of the 12th BRICS summit.


India’s own IRNSS
On 11 November  2020, India became the fourth country in the world to have its independent regional navigation satellite system recognised by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) as a part of the World Wide Radio Navigation System (WWRNS). Now this navigation system can replace GPS (Global Positioning Systems) in the Indian Ocean waters up to 1500 km from the Indian boundary.  By this, India has become the fourth country to have its independent regional navigation system after the USA, Russia and China.


'My understanding about Gandhi'
A special anthology on Mahatma Gandhi 'Maile Bujheko Gandhi' (My understanding about Gandhi) was released by Nepal President Bidhya Devi Bhandari during a ceremony at Kathmandu on 9 November 2020. The pictorial anthology in Nepalese has been released to celebrate 151st Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and to mark the culmination of the two years long celebrations of '150 years of Mahatma'. The book has been brought out by the Embassy of India along with the BP Koirala India-Nepal Foundation. 


Second World Health Expo
The Second World Health Expo was held between 11-14 November 2020 in Wuhan, the capital city of Central China’s Hubei Province.  The expo features 12 different venues for audiences to experience the most frontier health technology. 

 

APEC 2020
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) began on 20 November 2020 hosted by Malaysia. The official theme of the summit is "Optimising Human Potential Towards a Resilient Future of Shared Prosperity: Pivot. Prioritise. Progress". After the virtual summit, the leaders issued the Kuala Lumpur Declaration. They adopted the Putrajaya Vision 2040, which is a new 20-year growth vision to replace the Bogor Goals named after the Indonesian town where leaders agreed in 1994 to free and open trade and investment. The leaders also pledged to build an “open dynamic, resilient and peaceful region” by 2040. 


UMANG International Version
On 23 November 2020, UMANG app's international version was launched by Union IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad
during a virtual conference to mark three years of the platform. The UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) app provides a single platform to access pan India e-governance services ranging from central to local government bodies, and other citizen-centric services. It will help Indian international students, NRIs and Indian tourists abroad, to avail Government of India services, anytime.


G 20 Summit
Prime Minister Narendra Modi stressed the importance of reforms in multilateral organisations to ensure better global governance for faster post-Covid recovery at the G-20 Summit hosted by Saudi Arabia between 21-22 November 2020. The theme of the summit was "Realising the Opportunities of the 21st Century for All”. The G-20 Riyadh Summit Leaders Declaration said that G 20 next meetings will be in Italy in 2021, Indonesia in 2022, India in 2023 and Brazil in 2024.

 

National

Varunastra
The Chairman of DRDO, G.Satheesh Reddy, flagged off the first Varunastra, the Heavy Weight Torpedo, being delivered to the Indian Navy, at a ceremony held at Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) Visakhapatnam Unit on 21 November 2020. Varunastra  has been designed and developed by NSTL (Naval Science & Technological Laboratory) Visakhapatnam. Varunastra is a ship-launched, heavyweight, electrically-propelled anti-submarine torpedo capable of targeting quiet submarines, both in deep and shallow waters in an intense countermeasures environment.


Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge
On 19 November 2020, the Union minister of state Housing and Urban Affairs (Independent Charge) Hardeep Singh Puri launched the Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge, to ensure that no person needs to enter a sewer or septic tank, unless unavoidable in the interest of greater public hygiene. The virtual event witnessed participation of representatives from 243 cities across the country, coming together to take a pledge to mechanize all sewer and septic tank cleaning operations by 30th April 2021. The Challenge will focus extensively on creating citizen awareness on this critical issue along with infrastructure creation for mechanized cleaning and capacity building of the workforce. The initiative was launched on the occasion of World Toilet Day, observed every year on 19 November.


Lilavati Awards 2020
On 17 November 2020, Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched AICTE’s Lilavati Awards 2020 virtually. The Theme of the award is “Women Empowerment”. This award intends to recognize the efforts being made by AICTE approved institutions to treat women with ‘equality and fairness’ in all spheres of their lives.

 

Statue of Peace 
Prime Minister Modi unveiled the 151inch tall “Statue of Peace” to mark 151st Birth Anniversary of Jainacharya Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj on 16 November 2020 which was installed at Vijay Vallabh Sadhana Kendra, Jetpura, in Pali, Rajasthan. Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj (1870-1954) led an austere life as a Jain Saint working selflessly and dedicatedly to spread the message of Lord Mahavira.


SITMEX-20
The Second edition of India, Singapore and Thailand Trilateral Maritime Exercise SITMEX-20 was held from 21 to 22 November 2020 in the Andaman Sea. The exercise was conducted to increase the mutual inter-operability and imbibing best practices among the three naval forces. This year SITMEX hosted by Singapore.

 

Vaccine review tour
On 28 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited three cities to review the vaccine development and manufacturing process for COVID being done by various pharma companies. He visited the Zydus Biotech Park in Ahmedabad, Bharat Biotech in Hyderabad and Serum Institute of India in Pune.


All India Presiding Officers Conference
President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the 80th All India Presiding Officers Conference at Kevadia, Gujrat on 25 November 2020.  The Theme of the conference was ‘Harmonious Coordination between Legislature, Executive and JudiciaryKey to a Vibrant Democracy’.  The Lok Sabha Speaker and the Chairman of the All India Presiding Officers Conference Om Birla said that there will be a commitment to implement the decisions taken during the two-day conference in a phased manner.  


Garima Greh..  
On 25 November 2020, the Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Thaawarchand Gehlot inaugurated ‘Garima Greh, the Shelter Home for Transgender Persons’ in Vadodara, Gujarat virtually. He also e-launched a ‘National Portal for Transgender Persons’. The Portal would help a transgender person in applying for a Certificate and Identity card digitally from anywhere in the country without having to visit any office. It should be noted that the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019 came into effect on 10th January 2020 is the first concrete
step towards ensuring the welfare of Transgender persons.


PRAGTI meeting
Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired the 33rd PRAGTI (Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation) meeting on 25 November 2020.  In this, multiple projects, grievances and programmes were reviewed involving the cost of Rs 1.41 lakh crore that were related to ten states and union territories. 


Bengaluru Tech Summit
On 19 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Bengaluru Tech Summit (BTS) 2020 virtually.  PM had given a call to the young talents to create robust cybersecurity solutions to protect our data and IT-based products.  Prime Minister of Australia Scott Morrison participated in the meet who said that Bengaluru is India's biggest tech cluster.

 

Others

2020 UN Population Award
On 11 November 2020, the Queen Mother of Bhutan, her Majesty Gyalyum Sangay Choden Wangchuck, was announced as the individual laureate for the 2020 United Nations Population Award.  HelpAge India was announced as the award’s institutional laureate. Gyalyum Wangchuck is a longstanding champion of sexual and reproductive health and rights and the need to end violence against women, girls and children in Bhutan. The world’s ageing population has
gained increasing attention in recent years, but HelpAge India has been working with and for disadvantaged elderly people in India for nearly four decades. Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1981, the United Nations Population Award recognizes contributions in the fields of population and reproductive health.


Vatayan Award
Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal was conferred with the Vatayan Lifetime Achievement Award for his exemplary contribution in the field of literature on 21 November 2020. The award was conferred in an online ceremony for his contribution in the field of literature. The award - given by the VatayanUK organisation in London - honours poets, writers and artists for exemplary work in their respective fields. Nishank earlier received several awards in the field of literature and administration including Sahitya Bharati award, Sahitya Gaurav Samman and Bharat Gaurav Samman.

 

Jallikattu
A Malayalam film about a hunt for a bull on the run ‘Jallikattu’ was selected as this year's Oscar entry in the Best International Feature Film category of the 93rd Academy Awards 2021. The film directed by Lijo Jose Pellissery. The film was premiered at the Toronto Film Festival and was also screened at the Busan festival. It is based on a short story by the writer S Hareesh titled Maoist. 


International Children's Peace Prize
On 14 November 2020, Sadat Rahman, a teenager from Bangladesh won the International Children's Peace Prize for his efforts to educate young people about cyberbullying. He was inspired to create this mobile app to help young people report online abuse after hearing about a 15-year-old girl who took her own life because of bullying. The prize is given away by the international children’s rights organization KidsRights to a child, who fights courageously for children’s rights.


National Newborn Week 2020
National Newborn Week 2020 observed from 15 November to 21 November. The theme of the National Newborn Week is 'Quality, equity, dignity for every newborn at every health facility and everywhere’. On this eve, Union Health Minister
Harsh Vardhan said that India has successfully met the 2017 target of the newborn mortality rate of 24 per 1,000 live births and is making efforts to fulfil the target of stillbirth rate of 19 per 1,000 total births by this year. He released a detailed progress card on India Newborn Action Plan targets. He further added that a newborn mortality rate of 23 per 1,000 live births as per the Sample Registration System (SRS), 2018, and estimates of the United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNIGME).


Booker Prize
Douglas Stuart of Scotland won the Booker Prize for fiction ‘Shuggie Bain’ on 19 November 2020.  The prestigious 50,000 pounds ($ 66,000) award conferred on his debut novel about a boy in Glasgow (Scotland) trying to support his mother, as she struggles with addiction and poverty. Stuart dedicated his book and his prize to his mother, who died of alcoholism when he was 16. Burnt Sugar, a novel written by Avni Doshi, the Indian origin American woman author, settled in Dubai is one among the nominated books for this coveted prize.

 

Model Questions

1. Who was re-elected as the president of Athletics Federation of India?
1) Dr Michael Irani     2) Rohan Jaitley      3) Adille Sumariwalla     4) Anil Jain     5) Gyanendro Ningombam

 

2. The USA President-elect Joe Biden appointed an Indian-American as the policy director of his wife Jill Biden. He/ She is……..
1) Manga Anantatmula      2) Renu Khator     3) Sruthi Palaniappa      4) Rita Baranwal     5) Mala Adiga

 

3. Abhayam, the project for safety and security of women passengers launched by…....
1) AP       2) Telangana       3) Kerala        4) MP        5) Delhi

 

4. India International Cherry Blossom Festival, the calendar event of which state cancelled this year in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic?
1) Manipur      2) Nagaland     3) Mizoram      4) Meghalaya       5) Tripura

 

5. Women's T-20 World Cup 2023 to be hosted by……….
1) India       2) Australia      3) South Africa      4) Sri Lanka      5) New Zealand


6. Delhi got 62nd rank in the list of World’s Best Cities for 2021 prepared by Resonance Consultancy Limited. Which city got the first rank in the world?
1) New York      2) Paris      3) Moscow      4) London      5) Los Angles

 

7. Which nation successfully launched its Chang'e-5 lunar mission to collect rocks from the moon?
1) Japan     2) North Korea     3) China     4) South Korea     5) Thailand

 

8. 14-year-old girl won the prestigious Children's Climate Prize for designing a mobile ironing cart using solar panels to power a steam iron box rather than conventional charcoal. She is........
1) Vinisha Umashankar     2) Aishwarya Sridhar     3) Seema Gupta      4) Sudha Painuli       5) Neelakantha Jonnalagadda

 

9. Who is elected as the new chairman of International Cricket Council (ICC)?
1) Giovanni Infantino      2) Jacques Rogge     3) Greg Barclay      4) Thomas Bach     5) Chris Kermode

 

10. Francisco Sagasti was sworn in as interim president of which nation on 17 November 2020?
1) Peru     2) Moldova     3) Ivory Coast     4) Tanzania     5) Kosovo

 

11. Aung San Suu Kyi's ruling National League for Democracy (NLD) claimed a victory in Myanmar’s second parliamentary election. What is the currency of Myanmar?
1) Kyat       2) Taka       3) Shilling        4) Rupee    5) Tenge

 

12. List of important days given. The correct combination is...
1) National Education Day-11 NOV      2) Public Service Broadcasting Day-12 NOV
3) Samvidhan Diwas or Constitution Day - 26 NOV     4) World Toilet Day - 19 NOV     5) All of above


13. India’s longest single-lane motorable suspension bridge in Tehri Garhwal district on Tehri lake was inaugurated in………
1) Chhattisgarh     2) Assam    3) Arunachal Pradesh    4) Uttarakhand     5) Maharashtra

 

14. Who was appointed as state icon of Punjab by the Election Commission of India?
1) Chacha Chaudhary    2) Harmanpreet Kaur     3) Sonu Sood    4) Yuvraj Singh     5) Harbhajan Singh

 

15. Which Cyclone caused damage in the states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andhra Pradesh recently?
1) Gaja         2) Gati         3) Nivar       4) Goni         5) Eta

 

16. Who is the author of the book ‘A promised Land’?
1) Shashi Tharoor     2) Boris Johnson     3) Barack Obama     4) Romila Thapar     5) Pope Francis

 

17. The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26 to be hosted between 1-12 November 2021 at……….
1) Zurich, Switzerland     2) Paris, France    3) Bonn, Germany    4) Buenos Aires, Argentina    5) Glasgow, Scotland

 

18. ‘Delhi Crime’  won the best drama series honour at the 48th International Emmy Awards. Who is the director of the series?
1) Ismail Umar Khan     2) Garry Bhinder     3) Sumeet Sachdev     4) Richie Mehta     5) Krishna CH

 

19. World’s first library for children on a tram launched in….
1) Pune    2) Chennai    3) Kolkata      4) Cuttack     5) Aizawl

 

20. Lonar Lake in which state has been chosen as a wetland site of international importance under the Ramsar conservation treaty?
1) Karnataka      2) Maharashtra      3) MP       4) Assam       5) Jammu and Kashmir

 

Key:  1-3;   2-5;  3-1;  4-4;  5-3;  6-4;  7-3;  8-1;  91-3;   10-1;   11-1;   12-5;   13-4;   14-3;  15-3;   16-3;  17-5;   18-4;   19-3;   20-2.

Who unveiled the Statue of Peace..?

International

Biden new team
On 24 November 2020, the USA President-elect Joe Biden announced his nominees for key foreign policy and national security roles as the transition process officially began. Antony Blinken will be secretary of state and John Kerry as Climate change envoy. He picked Linda Thomas-Greenfield to represent his nation in UNO as ambassador. He announced many firsts on the team, including Avril Haines, a former deputy director of the C.I.A, who would be the first woman to serve as director of national intelligence, and Alejandro Mayorkas, who would be the first Latino and first immigrant to lead the Department of Homeland Security.
While unveiling the new team Biden said “America is back” and noted that Jake Sullivan, his choice to serve as National Security Adviser, would be the youngest person to coordinate the national security team in decades.


12th BRICS Summit
On 17 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi virtually participated in the 12th summit of BRICS (Brazil Russia - India - China - South Africa) group. This year's theme was 'Global stability, shared security and innovative growth'. While addressing the meet, PM Modi reiterated India's long-standing demand for reformed multilateralism. He also touched upon the need to reform the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in light of contemporary challenges. Russian President Vladimir Putin announced the approval of the Moscow Declaration, the BRICS Anti-Terrorism Strategy and the BRICS updated strategy for the economic partnership until 2025 at the culmination of the 12th BRICS summit.


India’s own IRNSS
On 11 November  2020, India became the fourth country in the world to have its independent regional navigation satellite system recognised by the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) as a part of the World Wide Radio Navigation System (WWRNS). Now this navigation system can replace GPS (Global Positioning Systems) in the Indian Ocean waters up to 1500 km from the Indian boundary.  By this, India has become the fourth country to have its independent regional navigation system after the USA, Russia and China.


'My understanding about Gandhi'
A special anthology on Mahatma Gandhi 'Maile Bujheko Gandhi' (My understanding about Gandhi) was released by Nepal President Bidhya Devi Bhandari during a ceremony at Kathmandu on 9 November 2020. The pictorial anthology in Nepalese has been released to celebrate 151st Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and to mark the culmination of the two years long celebrations of '150 years of Mahatma'. The book has been brought out by the Embassy of India along with the BP Koirala India-Nepal Foundation. 


Second World Health Expo
The Second World Health Expo was held between 11-14 November 2020 in Wuhan, the capital city of Central China’s Hubei Province.  The expo features 12 different venues for audiences to experience the most frontier health technology. 

 

APEC 2020
Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) began on 20 November 2020 hosted by Malaysia. The official theme of the summit is "Optimising Human Potential Towards a Resilient Future of Shared Prosperity: Pivot. Prioritise. Progress". After the virtual summit, the leaders issued the Kuala Lumpur Declaration. They adopted the Putrajaya Vision 2040, which is a new 20-year growth vision to replace the Bogor Goals named after the Indonesian town where leaders agreed in 1994 to free and open trade and investment. The leaders also pledged to build an “open dynamic, resilient and peaceful region” by 2040. 


UMANG International Version
On 23 November 2020, UMANG app's international version was launched by Union IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad
during a virtual conference to mark three years of the platform. The UMANG (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance) app provides a single platform to access pan India e-governance services ranging from central to local government bodies, and other citizen-centric services. It will help Indian international students, NRIs and Indian tourists abroad, to avail Government of India services, anytime.


G 20 Summit
Prime Minister Narendra Modi stressed the importance of reforms in multilateral organisations to ensure better global governance for faster post-Covid recovery at the G-20 Summit hosted by Saudi Arabia between 21-22 November 2020. The theme of the summit was "Realising the Opportunities of the 21st Century for All”. The G-20 Riyadh Summit Leaders Declaration said that G 20 next meetings will be in Italy in 2021, Indonesia in 2022, India in 2023 and Brazil in 2024.

 

National

Varunastra
The Chairman of DRDO, G.Satheesh Reddy, flagged off the first Varunastra, the Heavy Weight Torpedo, being delivered to the Indian Navy, at a ceremony held at Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) Visakhapatnam Unit on 21 November 2020. Varunastra  has been designed and developed by NSTL (Naval Science & Technological Laboratory) Visakhapatnam. Varunastra is a ship-launched, heavyweight, electrically-propelled anti-submarine torpedo capable of targeting quiet submarines, both in deep and shallow waters in an intense countermeasures environment.


Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge
On 19 November 2020, the Union minister of state Housing and Urban Affairs (Independent Charge) Hardeep Singh Puri launched the Safaimitra Suraksha Challenge, to ensure that no person needs to enter a sewer or septic tank, unless unavoidable in the interest of greater public hygiene. The virtual event witnessed participation of representatives from 243 cities across the country, coming together to take a pledge to mechanize all sewer and septic tank cleaning operations by 30th April 2021. The Challenge will focus extensively on creating citizen awareness on this critical issue along with infrastructure creation for mechanized cleaning and capacity building of the workforce. The initiative was launched on the occasion of World Toilet Day, observed every year on 19 November.


Lilavati Awards 2020
On 17 November 2020, Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ launched AICTE’s Lilavati Awards 2020 virtually. The Theme of the award is “Women Empowerment”. This award intends to recognize the efforts being made by AICTE approved institutions to treat women with ‘equality and fairness’ in all spheres of their lives.

 

Statue of Peace 
Prime Minister Modi unveiled the 151inch tall “Statue of Peace” to mark 151st Birth Anniversary of Jainacharya Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj on 16 November 2020 which was installed at Vijay Vallabh Sadhana Kendra, Jetpura, in Pali, Rajasthan. Shree Vijay Vallabh Surishwer Ji Maharaj (1870-1954) led an austere life as a Jain Saint working selflessly and dedicatedly to spread the message of Lord Mahavira.


SITMEX-20
The Second edition of India, Singapore and Thailand Trilateral Maritime Exercise SITMEX-20 was held from 21 to 22 November 2020 in the Andaman Sea. The exercise was conducted to increase the mutual inter-operability and imbibing best practices among the three naval forces. This year SITMEX hosted by Singapore.

 

Vaccine review tour
On 28 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited three cities to review the vaccine development and manufacturing process for COVID being done by various pharma companies. He visited the Zydus Biotech Park in Ahmedabad, Bharat Biotech in Hyderabad and Serum Institute of India in Pune.


All India Presiding Officers Conference
President Ram Nath Kovind inaugurated the 80th All India Presiding Officers Conference at Kevadia, Gujrat on 25 November 2020.  The Theme of the conference was ‘Harmonious Coordination between Legislature, Executive and JudiciaryKey to a Vibrant Democracy’.  The Lok Sabha Speaker and the Chairman of the All India Presiding Officers Conference Om Birla said that there will be a commitment to implement the decisions taken during the two-day conference in a phased manner.  


Garima Greh..  
On 25 November 2020, the Union Minister for Social Justice & Empowerment Thaawarchand Gehlot inaugurated ‘Garima Greh, the Shelter Home for Transgender Persons’ in Vadodara, Gujarat virtually. He also e-launched a ‘National Portal for Transgender Persons’. The Portal would help a transgender person in applying for a Certificate and Identity card digitally from anywhere in the country without having to visit any office. It should be noted that the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019 came into effect on 10th January 2020 is the first concrete
step towards ensuring the welfare of Transgender persons.


PRAGTI meeting
Prime Minister Narendra Modi chaired the 33rd PRAGTI (Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation) meeting on 25 November 2020.  In this, multiple projects, grievances and programmes were reviewed involving the cost of Rs 1.41 lakh crore that were related to ten states and union territories. 


Bengaluru Tech Summit
On 19 November 2020, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Bengaluru Tech Summit (BTS) 2020 virtually.  PM had given a call to the young talents to create robust cybersecurity solutions to protect our data and IT-based products.  Prime Minister of Australia Scott Morrison participated in the meet who said that Bengaluru is India's biggest tech cluster.

 

Others

2020 UN Population Award
On 11 November 2020, the Queen Mother of Bhutan, her Majesty Gyalyum Sangay Choden Wangchuck, was announced as the individual laureate for the 2020 United Nations Population Award.  HelpAge India was announced as the award’s institutional laureate. Gyalyum Wangchuck is a longstanding champion of sexual and reproductive health and rights and the need to end violence against women, girls and children in Bhutan. The world’s ageing population has
gained increasing attention in recent years, but HelpAge India has been working with and for disadvantaged elderly people in India for nearly four decades. Established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1981, the United Nations Population Award recognizes contributions in the fields of population and reproductive health.


Vatayan Award
Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal was conferred with the Vatayan Lifetime Achievement Award for his exemplary contribution in the field of literature on 21 November 2020. The award was conferred in an online ceremony for his contribution in the field of literature. The award - given by the VatayanUK organisation in London - honours poets, writers and artists for exemplary work in their respective fields. Nishank earlier received several awards in the field of literature and administration including Sahitya Bharati award, Sahitya Gaurav Samman and Bharat Gaurav Samman.

 

Jallikattu
A Malayalam film about a hunt for a bull on the run ‘Jallikattu’ was selected as this year's Oscar entry in the Best International Feature Film category of the 93rd Academy Awards 2021. The film directed by Lijo Jose Pellissery. The film was premiered at the Toronto Film Festival and was also screened at the Busan festival. It is based on a short story by the writer S Hareesh titled Maoist. 


International Children's Peace Prize
On 14 November 2020, Sadat Rahman, a teenager from Bangladesh won the International Children's Peace Prize for his efforts to educate young people about cyberbullying. He was inspired to create this mobile app to help young people report online abuse after hearing about a 15-year-old girl who took her own life because of bullying. The prize is given away by the international children’s rights organization KidsRights to a child, who fights courageously for children’s rights.


National Newborn Week 2020
National Newborn Week 2020 observed from 15 November to 21 November. The theme of the National Newborn Week is 'Quality, equity, dignity for every newborn at every health facility and everywhere’. On this eve, Union Health Minister
Harsh Vardhan said that India has successfully met the 2017 target of the newborn mortality rate of 24 per 1,000 live births and is making efforts to fulfil the target of stillbirth rate of 19 per 1,000 total births by this year. He released a detailed progress card on India Newborn Action Plan targets. He further added that a newborn mortality rate of 23 per 1,000 live births as per the Sample Registration System (SRS), 2018, and estimates of the United Nations Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNIGME).


Booker Prize
Douglas Stuart of Scotland won the Booker Prize for fiction ‘Shuggie Bain’ on 19 November 2020.  The prestigious 50,000 pounds ($ 66,000) award conferred on his debut novel about a boy in Glasgow (Scotland) trying to support his mother, as she struggles with addiction and poverty. Stuart dedicated his book and his prize to his mother, who died of alcoholism when he was 16. Burnt Sugar, a novel written by Avni Doshi, the Indian origin American woman author, settled in Dubai is one among the nominated books for this coveted prize.

 

Model Questions

1. Who was re-elected as the president of Athletics Federation of India?
1) Dr Michael Irani     2) Rohan Jaitley      3) Adille Sumariwalla     4) Anil Jain     5) Gyanendro Ningombam

 

2. The USA President-elect Joe Biden appointed an Indian-American as the policy director of his wife Jill Biden. He/ She is……..
1) Manga Anantatmula      2) Renu Khator     3) Sruthi Palaniappa      4) Rita Baranwal     5) Mala Adiga

 

3. Abhayam, the project for safety and security of women passengers launched by…....
1) AP       2) Telangana       3) Kerala        4) MP        5) Delhi

 

4. India International Cherry Blossom Festival, the calendar event of which state cancelled this year in the wake of COVID-19 pandemic?
1) Manipur      2) Nagaland     3) Mizoram      4) Meghalaya       5) Tripura

 

5. Women's T-20 World Cup 2023 to be hosted by……….
1) India       2) Australia      3) South Africa      4) Sri Lanka      5) New Zealand


6. Delhi got 62nd rank in the list of World’s Best Cities for 2021 prepared by Resonance Consultancy Limited. Which city got the first rank in the world?
1) New York      2) Paris      3) Moscow      4) London      5) Los Angles

 

7. Which nation successfully launched its Chang'e-5 lunar mission to collect rocks from the moon?
1) Japan     2) North Korea     3) China     4) South Korea     5) Thailand

 

8. 14-year-old girl won the prestigious Children's Climate Prize for designing a mobile ironing cart using solar panels to power a steam iron box rather than conventional charcoal. She is........
1) Vinisha Umashankar     2) Aishwarya Sridhar     3) Seema Gupta      4) Sudha Painuli       5) Neelakantha Jonnalagadda

 

9. Who is elected as the new chairman of International Cricket Council (ICC)?
1) Giovanni Infantino      2) Jacques Rogge     3) Greg Barclay      4) Thomas Bach     5) Chris Kermode

 

10. Francisco Sagasti was sworn in as interim president of which nation on 17 November 2020?
1) Peru     2) Moldova     3) Ivory Coast     4) Tanzania     5) Kosovo

 

11. Aung San Suu Kyi's ruling National League for Democracy (NLD) claimed a victory in Myanmar’s second parliamentary election. What is the currency of Myanmar?
1) Kyat       2) Taka       3) Shilling        4) Rupee    5) Tenge

 

12. List of important days given. The correct combination is...
1) National Education Day-11 NOV      2) Public Service Broadcasting Day-12 NOV
3) Samvidhan Diwas or Constitution Day - 26 NOV     4) World Toilet Day - 19 NOV     5) All of above


13. India’s longest single-lane motorable suspension bridge in Tehri Garhwal district on Tehri lake was inaugurated in………
1) Chhattisgarh     2) Assam    3) Arunachal Pradesh    4) Uttarakhand     5) Maharashtra

 

14. Who was appointed as state icon of Punjab by the Election Commission of India?
1) Chacha Chaudhary    2) Harmanpreet Kaur     3) Sonu Sood    4) Yuvraj Singh     5) Harbhajan Singh

 

15. Which Cyclone caused damage in the states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andhra Pradesh recently?
1) Gaja         2) Gati         3) Nivar       4) Goni         5) Eta

 

16. Who is the author of the book ‘A promised Land’?
1) Shashi Tharoor     2) Boris Johnson     3) Barack Obama     4) Romila Thapar     5) Pope Francis

 

17. The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26 to be hosted between 1-12 November 2021 at……….
1) Zurich, Switzerland     2) Paris, France    3) Bonn, Germany    4) Buenos Aires, Argentina    5) Glasgow, Scotland

 

18. ‘Delhi Crime’  won the best drama series honour at the 48th International Emmy Awards. Who is the director of the series?
1) Ismail Umar Khan     2) Garry Bhinder     3) Sumeet Sachdev     4) Richie Mehta     5) Krishna CH

 

19. World’s first library for children on a tram launched in….
1) Pune    2) Chennai    3) Kolkata      4) Cuttack     5) Aizawl

 

20. Lonar Lake in which state has been chosen as a wetland site of international importance under the Ramsar conservation treaty?
1) Karnataka      2) Maharashtra      3) MP       4) Assam       5) Jammu and Kashmir

 

Key:  1-3;   2-5;  3-1;  4-4;  5-3;  6-4;  7-3;  8-1;  91-3;   10-1;   11-1;   12-5;   13-4;   14-3;  15-3;   16-3;  17-5;   18-4;   19-3;   20-2.

VOCABULARY

Vocabulary: Meanings (synonyms)

1. Mrs Bates tried to domesticate Anna.

    Domesticate  to make (an animal) able to live with man and serve him  tam  bring under control  train
2. What God decrees we have to accept.
     Decree  command  decide  order  judgement
3. We were nonplussed that the mistress of the house had heard of the tragedy.
     Nonplussed  confused  surprised  puzzled  bewildered  dazed
4. They endeavoured to explain it as an act of charity.
    Endeavour  strive  try hard  make an effort  attempt  struggle
5. All this played real havoc on our imagination.
    Havoc  destruction  disturbance  disorder  disaster  devastation  chaos
6. I found that I could scarcely breathe.
    Scarcely  barely  almost not  hardly  (only) just
7. It was an eternal mystery to us.
    Eternal  forever  always  never ending  endless  everlasting  incessant  continual
8. God had taken the baby at such a tender age.
     Tender  delicate  young  child-like  gentle
9. We shuddered as we gnawed at the hunk of meat.
     Shudder  tremble  quiver  shake  shiver  tremor
10. The dog snarled at the intruder.
      Snarl  scowl  growl  threaten  intimidate  scare

Choose the alternative that best fits the blank:

1. The dancers were in Japanese __________. (outfit, dress, costume)
2. He is a wolf in the ___________ of a sheep. (attire, costume, garb)
3. She came to the party ________ her new diamond necklace. (showing, sporting, having)
4. We recognised him to be a policeman by his_________. (attire, uniform, garment)
5. The beggar's _________ were in tatters. (clothes, dress, costume)

Conditional clause ('If ' clause):

Conditional clauses are classified into three types based on the tenses.
They are:   1. Probable (possible) condition
                    2. Improbable condition
                    3. Unfulfilled condition

                                            Type - I
Probable / possible condition
Usage: We use this type to talk about the future activities that are quite possible.
Structure: If (Subject + V1     Subject + can / will / may + V1)
e.g: If you work hard,                     you can get the first rank.
Simple present tense               Simple future tense
1. Walk fast or you will miss the bus.
 If you walk fast,                    you will not miss the bus.
  sub + V1                                    sub + will + V1
 Unless you walk fast, you will miss the bus.
                                   (unless = if not)

2. Take the medicine regularly or you may fall ill again.
          If you take the medicine regularly you may not fall ill again.
          Unless you take the medicine regularly, you may fall ill again.

                                           Type - II
 Improbable / Imaginary condition

Usage: We use this type to talk about the actions that we think are possible but not very
             probable. It indicates that we do not expect the action in the If-clause to take place.
Structure: If (Subject + V2  Subject + could / would / might + V1)
 e.g: If I were a doctor,    I could give you treatment.
                V2                            V1
Note:     [  V1         V2          V3]
            is         are        been
                are       were
e.g: 1) I am not a bird. So, I can' t fly in the sky.
  If I were a bird,                    I could fly in the sky.
V- Simple past tense          conditional past

 Note: [ The above sentence is quite imaginary. It is not possible, i.e., unreal]
 2) I don't have money. So I can't give you any.                                          (March 2003)
 If I had money,                    I could give you some / any.
     V2                                       conditional past
Note:       [  V1         V2         V3]
              have   had     had
                  has
[The above sentence is not possible for that situation, but quite imaginary]
3) I don't have time. So, I can't accept the job.
      If I had time,     I could accept the job.


                                         Type - III
 Unfulfilled condition

Usage: We use this type to talk about past actions that didn't happen. It expresses a condition in the past that hasn't been fulfiled (Unfulfilled).
Structure: If [ subject + had + V3  subject would have / could have / might have + V3]
                  

e.g: If you had asked me,               I would have helped you.
Past perfect tense                     Perfect conditional tense
1. He didn't study well. So, he failed.                                                                  
     If he had studied well, he would not have failed.
2. She didn't carry her driving license. So, she had to pay a fine.
      If she had carried her driving license, she would not have had to pay a fine.
3. You didn't take the medicines regularly. So, you fell ill again.
     If you had taken the medicines regularly, you would not have fallen ill again.
4. I was held up in a traffic jam. So, I missed the train.                                        
     If I had not been held up in a traffic jam, I would not have missed the train.
5. No precautions were taken. So, many were killed in the cyclone.
     If precautions had been taken, many would not have been killed in the cyclone.


Notice the following structures:
Type I            Sub + V1                Sub + will
Type II          Sub + V2                Sub + would
Type III        Sub + had + V3     Sub + would have           

If you invite me,   I will attend the party.
              V1
 If you invited me,   I would attend the party.
                 V2
 If you had invited me,   I would have attended the party.
              had + V3

Directions

SOLVED EXAMPLES

Example 1 :
        Siva starting from his house, goes 5 km in the East, then he turns to his left and goes 4 km. Finally he turns to his left and goes 5 km. Now how far is he from his house and in what direction?
Sol.

From third position it is clear he is 4 km from his house and is in North direction.

Example 2 :
Suresh starting from his house, goes 4 km in the East, then he turns to his right and goes 3 km. What minimum distance will be covered by him to come back to his house?
Sol.

Example 3 :
One morning after sunrise Juhi while going to school met Lalli at Boring road crossing. Lalli’s shadow was exactly to the right of Juhi. If they were face to face, which direction was Juhi facing?
Sol. In the morning sunrises in the east.

So in morning the shadow falls towards the west.
Now Lalli’s shadow falls to the right of the Juhi. Hence Juhi is facing South.

Example 4 :
     Hema starting from her house walked 5 km to reach the crossing of Palace. In which direction she was going, a road opposite to this direction goes to Hospital. The road to the right goes to station. If the road which goes to station is just opposite to the road which IT-Park, then in which direction to Hema is the road which goes to IT-Park?
Sol.

From II it is clear that the road which goes to IT-Park is left to Hema.

 

 EXERCISE

1. One morning Udai and Vishal were talking to each other face to face at a crossing. If Vishal’s shadow was exactly tothe left of Udai, which direction was Udai facing?
Ans: North
Explanation:

2. If South-East becomes North, North-East becomes West and so on. What will West become?
Ans: South-East
Explanation:

It is clear from the diagrams that new name of West will become South-East.
 

3. A man walks 5 km toward south and then turns to the right. After walking 3 km he turns to the left and walks 5km. Now in which direction is he from the starting place?
Ans: South-West
Explanation:

Hence required direction is South-West.

 

Directions (Q. 4-7) : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follows :
• Six flats on a floor in two rows facing North and South are allotted to P, Q, R, S, T and U.
• Q gets a North facing flat and is not next to S.
• S and U get diagonally opposite flats.
• R next to U, gets a south facing flat and T gets North facing flat.
4. If the flats of P and T are interchanged then whose flat will be next to that of U?
Ans: R
Explanation:

Interchanging flats of P and T

Hence flat R will be next to U.


5. Which of the following combination get south facing flats?
Ans:URP
Explanation:

Hence URP flat combination get south facing flats.
 

6. The flats of which of the other pair than SU, is diagonally opposite to each other?
Ans: QP
Explanation:

Hence QP is diagonally opposite to each other.

 

7. Whose flat is between Q and S?
Ans: T
Explanation:

Hence flat T is between Q and S.
 

Directions (Q. 8-11) : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follows :
Point W is 7m towards the West of point X. Point X is 3m towards the North of point Y. Point Z is 4m towards West of point Y.
8. A person walks 3m towards North from point Z and reaches point P . How far and towards which direction will he have to walk to reach point W ?
Ans: 3m towards West
Explanation:

∴ 3m towards West.

 

9. If a person walks 3m towards South from point W and reaches point Q, which of the following 2 points would fall in straight line including Q
Ans: Q, Y, Z
Explanation:

10. What is the position of X with respect to P
Ans: East
Explanation:

∴ East

 

11. Y is in the East of X which is in the North of Z. If P is in the South of Z, then in which direction of Y, is P?
Ans: North-West
Explanation:

P is in South-West of Y.
 

12. Rahul put his timepiece on the table in such a way that at 6 P.M. hour hand points to North. In which direction the
minute hand will point at 9.15 P.M. ?
Ans: West
Explanation:

At 9.15 P.M., the minute hand will point towards west.

 

13. Vivek travelled 12kms West, then he turned left and travelled 8kms. Then he turned left and travelled 12kms. How far was Vivek from starting point ?
Ans: 8km
Explanation:

14. A person going 40m to the south of his house. Then he turned left and go 20m and turn to north and walk 30m then start walking to his house. In which direction he was walking now ?
Ans: North West
Explanation:

... North West

Directions (Q. 15-16) : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follows :
Dev, Kumar, Nilesh, Ankur and Pintu are standing facing to the North in a playground such as given below:
• Kumar is at 40 m to the right of Ankur.
• Dev is are 60 m in the south of Kumar.
• Nilesh is at a distance of 25 m in the west of Ankur.
• Pintu is at a distance of 90 m in the North of Dev.

 

15. Which one is in the North-East of the person who is to the left of Kumar?
Ans: Pintu
Explanation:


Ankur is in the left of Kumar. Hence Pintu is in North-East of Ankur.

 

16. If a boy starting from Nilesh, met to Ankur and then to Kumar and after this he to Dev and then to Pintu and whole the time he walked in a straight line, then how much total distance did he cover?
Ans: 215 m
Explanation: Required distance =  25m + 40m + 60m + 90m
                            Required distance = 215m

 

Directions (Q. 17-19) : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follows :
Each of the following questions is based on the following information:
• A # B means B is at 1 metre to the right of A.
• A $ B means B is at 1 metre to the North of A.
• A * B means B is at 1 metre to the left of A.
• A @ B means B is at 1 metre to the south of A.
• In each question first person from the left is facing North.

 

17. According to X @ B * P, P is in which direction with respect to X?
Ans: South-West
Explanation:
According to X @ B * P

Hence P is in South-West of X.

 

18. According to M # N $ T, T is in which direction with respect to M?
Ans: North-East
Explanation:

According to M # N $ T

Hence T is in the North-East of M.
 

19. According to P # R $ A * U, in which direction is U with respect to P?
Ans: North
Explanation:
According to P # R $ A * U

Hence U is in North direction with respect to P.

 

Directions (Q. 20-22) : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follows :
P is 15m to the west of Q. R is 13m to the south of Q and 5m to the east of S. T is 20m to the north of S.T is 10m to the east of U.
20. In which direction U with respect to P
Ans: North
Explanation:

∴ North
 

21. If A is 7m to the west of T, then which of the following will be nearest point to A.
Ans: U
Explanation:

∴ U
 

22. In which direction R with respect to P
Ans: South east
Explanation:

∴ South east

 

Directions (Q. 23-24) : Read the following information carefully and answer the questions that follows :
A walked 20m towards south and then took a left turn and walked 40m. Again he took left turn and walked 15m. Finally he turned right and walked 10m and stopped.
23. How far is he from starting point ?
Ans: 50.25m
Explanation:

[(50)2 + (5)2]1/2 = 50.25


24. In which direction A is now facing
Ans: East
Explanation:

A is facing East direction.

ERROR DETECTION IN SPECIFIC WORDS

Directions: Read each sentence to find out whether there is any grammatical error or Idiomatic error in it. The error, If any will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is answer. If there is no error, the answer is 5. (Ignore errors of punctuation, if any).
 

1. Gandhiji is known (1)/ for his successful (2)/ afforts (3)/ to liberate India. (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (3) The correct spelling is "efforts".
2. The cruelties (1)/ of history (2)/ are perpetrated (3)/ in the name of nobal causes. (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (4) The correct spelling is "noble"
3. The fear of Universal (1)/ destruction (2)/ hangs (3)/ over us like a dark cloud (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (5) All correct
4. The environment has a profounde (1)/ influence (2)/ on the way a society (3)/ develops (4)/ All correct(5)
A: (1) The correct spelling is "profound".

5. The atmosphere (1)/ was fragrent (2)/ with the scent (3)/ of rose flowers (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (2) The correct spelling is "Fragrant".
6. Shareholders used to be liabel (1)/ for the debts (2)/ of the company in proportion (3)/ to the size of their holdings (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (1) The correct spelling is "liable"
7. The popular (1)/ understanding of the (2)/ incident (3)/ was that he had resigned (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (2) The word "outcome" should be used in place of "understanding".
8. He was felicitated (1)/ for his roll (2)/ in resolving (3)/ the conflict in the region (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (2) The correct spelling is "role".
9. He firmly (1)/ denied (2)/ that the document (3)/ existed (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (5) All correct.
10. Today banks offer (1)/ the facility (2)/ of instint (3)/ transfer of funds to their customers (4) All correct (5)
A: (3) The correct spelling is "instant".

11. Their sole (1)/ concern (2)/ was how they could assisst (3)/ their colleague in his hour of crisis (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (3) The correct spelling is "assist".
12. We shall be disabled (1)/ to justify (2)/ this excess (3)/ expenditure (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (1) replace disabled with "capable"
13. The lease on these premises (1)/ has expired (2)/ and we have incured (3)/ significant debt (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (3) The correct spelling is ''incurred''.
14. Your statement (1)/ that you received (2)/ no prier (3)/ intimation is not plausible (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (3) The correct spelling is "prior".
15. Mr. Sharma refused to acknowledge (1)/ that he had committed (2)/ an error(3)/ while taking that desicion (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (4) The correct spelling is "decision".

16. The importanse (1)/ given to context oriented (2)/ approach has affected the methodology (3)/ of this project (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (1) The correct spelling is "importance"
17. Almost all risk-taking (1)/ work involve (2)/ decision (3)/ making under uncertainity (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (1) The appropriate word should be ''risky".
18. In developing (1)/ countries there is increesing (2)/ concern for fostering (3)/ human potential (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (2) The correct spelling is "increasing".
19. I want to express (1)/ my appreciation (2)/ of the help offered (3)/ by my former colleages. (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (4) The correct spelling is "colleagues".
20. The research (1)/ reported (2)/ in this valume (3)/ assumes importance (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (3) The correct spelling is "volume".
21. Almost (1)/ two hours have elapsed (2)/ since he fell (3)/ asleep (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (5) All correct

22. Have you noticed (1)/ that the country is on the brink (2)/ of a serious (3)/ dissaster? (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (4) The correct spelling is "disaster".
23. The messanger's (1)/ story that appeared (2)/ incredible (3)/ has turned out/ to be gruesome (4) All correct (5)
A: (1) The correct spelling is "messenger's"
24. She shade (1)/ tears as if to display her grief (2)/ but they were not a genuine (3)/ expression of sorrow (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (1) The appropriate word is "shed"
25. As a consequence (1)/ of (2)/ that earthquack (3)/ many families have been ruined (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (3) The correct spelling is "earthquake".
26. Rising (1)/ prices (2)/ of foodgrains will have an adverse (3)/ impac on developing/ countries. (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (3) The correct spelling is "impact"

27. To deal effectively (1)/ with a crisis (2)/ quick decisions (3)/ are requited (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (4) The correct spelling is "required"
28. The IT company has succeeded (1)/ in achiving high growth rate despite (2)/ facing (3)/ several problems. (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (5) All correct
29. On an average (1)/ there are very few persons willingly (2)/ to take on (3)/ such responsibility (4)/ All correct (5)
A: (2) The appropriate word is "willing"
30. More than halve (1)/ of the budget (2)/ has been spent (3)/ on modernising the factory (4)/ All correct(5)
A: (1) The appropriate word is "half".

VOICE

It is a way of expressing an action by using Transitive verb


Rules to Change the Voice
I.
 When a Verb is changed from the active voice into the passive voice, the object of the Active Verb becomes the subject, and the subject of the active verb becomes the object.
Pronouns are changed as under


Subject    Changed into object

I                 me

We             us

You            you

He             him

She           her

It                 it

They          them

 

II. Change the main verb into its past participle form (V3)

III. Put proper form of the helping verb before the main verb according to the tense of the main verb in active voice and the number (Singular / Plural) of the new subject
Put the preposition by before the object
Indefinite subjects like someone, somebody, everyone, everybody, they, people etc., may be dropped.
e.g.: 1) Some one has attended this meeting. (A.V)
            This meeting has been attended. (P.V)
       2) People always admire this picture. (A.V)
            This picture is always admired.(P.V)

 

PRACTICE EXERCISE

1. Swetha teaches polity.
A: Polity was taught by Swetha.

2. Bindu plays volleyball.
A: Volleyball was played by Bindu.

3. The little girl is plucking the flowers.
A: The flowers were being plucked by the little girl.

4. Madam Curie invented radio activity.
A: Radio activity was invented by madam Curie.

5. Pawan is drinking Milk.
A: Milk was being drunk by Pawan.

6. My uncle established a cottage industry.
A: A cottage industry was established by my uncle.

7. Bharath has achieved IAS.
A: IAS has been achieved by Bharath.

8. Tiger eats meat.
A: Meat was eaten by Tiger.

9. Sun provides heat and light.
A: Heat and light were provided by Sun.

10. Sea produces the cool breeze.
A: The cool breeze was produced by Sea.

11. I am working in infosys since 4 years.
A: I have been working in infosys since 4 years.

12. She did not do this.
A: This was not done by her.

13. Ram married Sita.
A: Sita was married to Ram.

14. They were following him.
A: He was being followed by them.

15. He writes the report.
A: The report was written by him.

16. She will not meet you.
A: You will not be met by her.

17. will you call me?
A: Shall I be called by you.

18. He has bought a new bike
A: A new bike has been bought by him.

19. Distribute the books.
A: Let the books be distributed.

20. Tell her to wait here.
A: Let her be told to wait here.

21. Have you to buy a car?
A: Have a car been bought by you?

22. I gave him a book.
A: A book was given by me to him.

23. He hopes to pass this year.
A: It is hoped by him that he will pass this year.

24. Were you doing the work?
A: was the work being done by you?

25. Please come in
A: You are requested to come in.

26. He makes kites.
A: Kites were made by him.

27. The farmer is watering the plants.
A: The plants were being watered by the farmer.

28. Meenu ran a race.
A: A race was ran by Meenu.

29. She meets no one.
A: No one is met by her.

30. Do not go there
A: You are ordered not to go there.

SERIES

             In a series, words, letters or digits are given in a order and you are asked to fulfill the series. You have to identify the missing letter or digit in between letters and numbers to continue to sequence followed in the question.
In this chapter there are three types of series completion questions. 1) Letter series, 2) Number series, 3) Letter and Number series.
Letter series:
            In letter series some letters which follow a particular sequence of order. Out of this information find the missing letter or the next letter to continue the pattern.


Number series:
            In this series numbers or digits are used. In this series also the pattern/ sequences involved. We should be able to find out the pattern/ sequence involved. Number series require simple manipulation of numbers.


a) Skipping the numbers in some set of order.
b) Addition, subtraction, multiplication or division of numbers to get the next number in the series.
c) Increase or decrease in numbers in a specific pattern or order.


Letter, Number mixed series:
In this series both alphabets and numerical digits are used. These series are also formed in the same patterns like the above explained letter and number series.
Exercise:

*  AD,   EH,   IL,   ?,   QT.
1) LM       2) MN       3) MP      4) OM      5) None of these
Ans: 3.
Hint:  The first and second letters of each term are moved four steps forward to obtain the corresponding letters of the next term.


*  JE,   LH,   OL,   SQ,   ?
1) WV         2) WX        3) VW       4) XW      5) None of these
Ans: 4.
Hint:  The first letter of the first, second, third ... terms are respectively moved two, three, four,

... steps forward while the second letters of these terms are  respectively moved three, four, five, ... steps forward to obtain the corresponding letters of the successive terms.


*   cx    fu    ir     ?    ol     ri.
1) lo            2) mn           3) no         4) op            5) None of these
Ans: 1.
Hint: The first letter of each term is moved three steps forward and the second letter is moved three steps backward to obtain the corresponding letters of the next term.


*   CAT,    FDW,     IGZ,    ?
1) KJA             2) KTC       3) LHD     4) LJC       5) None of these
Ans: 4.
Hint: All the letters of each term are moved three steps forward to obtain the corresponding letters of the next term.


*  BEH,     KNQ,     TWZ,     ?
1) IJL         2) CFI        3) BDF       4) ADG      5) None of these
Ans: 2.
Hint: All the letters of each term are moved three steps forward to obtain the corresponding letters of the next term.


*   BEH,      KNQ,     TWZ,     ?
1) IJL           2) CFI         3) BDF         4) ADG         5) None of these
Ans: 2.
Hint: All the letters of each term are moved nine steps forward to obtain the corresponding letters of the next term.


*  FLP,    INS,    LPV,    ?
1) ORY         2) UXZ       3) VXY         4) SVW       5) None of these
Ans: 1.
Hint: The first and third letters of each term are moved three steps forward and the

second letter is moved two steps forward to obtain the corresponding letters of the next term.


*   shg    rif    qje    pkd    ?
     1) ole          2) olc        3) nmc        4) nlb            5) None of these
Ans: 2.
Hint: The first and third letters of each term are moved one step backward and the second letter is moved one step forward to obtain the corresponding letters of the next term. 


*   LXF,     MTJ,    NPN,     OLR,     ?
     1) PHV        2) PIU      3) PJW       4) PKX      5) None of these
Ans: 1.


*   MHZ,     NIW,     OKT,     PNQ,      ?
     1) RRN       2) QRN      3) QRM        4) QQN       5) None of these
Ans: 2.


*  Which of the following will come in place of the question mark (?) in the following letter series based on their position in English alphabet?
    UPI     ?     ODP     MBQ     IAW
      1) TIJ        2) SIK        3) SHJ          4) THK        5) SHO
Ans: 3.


11. Which of the following groups of letters should come in the place of the question mark (?) in the series formed by letter groups of English alphabet given below?
      AZB      CYD     EXF      ?      IVJ
1) GUH       2) GHU      3) GWH       4) GHW       5) None of these
Ans: 3. 


*  What should come in the place of question mark (?) in the following series?
    ATTRIBUTION,     TTRIBUTIO,       RIBUTIO,      IBUTI,        ?
    1) BUT        2) UTI         3) UT           4) IBU       5) None of these
Ans: 2.


*  What should come in the place of question mark(?) in the following letter
sequence ?
       AZB,    CYD,    EXF,     ?,     IVJ,    KUL
     1) FYH        2) GWG         3) HWH        4) GUF      5) None of these
Ans: 5.


*  What should come in the blank space in the following series? M N O L R I V −
    1) E                 2) F              3) Z               4) H                5) A
Ans: 1.


*  What should come in the place of question mark (?) in the following series?
      BZA        DYC         FXE        ?          JVI
      1) WHG      2) HUG         3) HWG       4) UHG       5) None of these
Ans: 3.


*   c-baa-aca-cacab-acac-bca
      1) acbaa      2) bbcaa        3) bccab     4) cbaac     5) None of these
Ans: 1.


Hint: The series is cab/ aa/ cacab/ cacab/ aa/ cacab/ ca. Thus, the pattern cacab, cacab,  cacab,  aa is repeated. 
*   c-bbb--abbbb-abbb-
      1) aabcb       2) abccb      3) abacb      4) bacbb       5) None of these
Ans: 2.


Hint: The series is cabbbb / cabbbb / cabbbb. Thus, the pattern cabbbb is repeated.
*   b-abbc-bbca-bcabb-ab
      1) acaa         2
) acba      3) cabc          4) cacc         5) None of these
Ans: 3.

Hint: The series is bcab/ bcab / bcab / bcab / bcab. Thus, the pattern bcab is repeated.


*   ac-cab-baca-aba-acac
      1) aacb     2) acbc        3) babb       4) bcbb        5) None of these
Ans: 1
Hint: The series is acac / abab / acac / abab / acac. Thus, the pattern acac, abab is repeated.


*   -acca-ccca-acccc-aaa
       1) acca       2) caaa        3) ccaa        4) caac           5) None of these
Ans: 2. 
Hint:  The series is ca / ccaa / cccaa / ccccaaaa.


Number series:
*   3, 6, 18, 72, (...)
       1) 144             2) 216            3) 288              4) 360             5) None of these
Ans:4.
Hint: The pattern is x2, x3, x4, ...                  ...  Missing number = 72 × 5 = 360.


*    21,   25,   33,   49,   81,   (...)
        1) 145      2) 129          3) 113         4) 97       5) None of these
Ans: 1.
Hint:  The pattern is + 4, + 8, + 16, + 32, ...    i.e + 22,  + 23,  + 24,  + 25 ...
           ...  Missing number= 81 + 26= 81 + 64 = 145


*    12,   32,   72,   152,   (...)
        1) 312        2) 325          3) 515          4) 613         5) None of these
Ans: 1.
Hint:  The pattern is + 20, +40, +80, ...                        ...  Missing number = 152 + 160 = 312.


*     2,   15,   41,   80,   (...)
        1) 111     2) 120       3) 121         4) 132         5) None of these
Ans: 4.
Hint:  The pattern is  + 13,  + 26,  + 39, ...                  ...  Missing number = 80 + 52 =132.


*     8,  10,  14,  18,   (...) ,   34,  50,   66
        1) 24          2) 25           3) 26           4) 27          5) None of these
Ans: 3.
Hint:  The pattern is +2,  +4,  +4, ... +16,  +16.              ...  Missing number = 18 + 8 = 26.


*     1,   2,   6,   24,   (...)
        1) 60        2) 95            3) 120          4) 150          5) None of these
Ans: 3.
Hint:  The pattern is x2, x3, x4, ...                                   ... Missing number = 24 × 5 = 120.


*   2,    3,   8,   63,   (...) 
       1) 1038        2) 1998       3) 3008        4) 3968        5) None of these
Ans: 4.
Hint: Each term in the series is one less than the square of the preceding term. Thus,

22 −1 = 3, 32 -1 = 8, 82 −1 = 63.                       ... Missing term = 632 −1 = 3969 −1 = 3968.


*    95,   115.5,   138,   (...) ,   189
        1) 154.5         2) 162.5         3) 164.5      4) 166.5        5) None of these
Ans: 2.
Hint: The pattern is + 20.5,  +22.5,  ...                       ... Missing term = 138 +24.5 = 162.5.


*   4,   10,   (...) ,   82,   244,   730
       1) 24          2) 28          3) 77             4) 218         5) None of these
Ans: 2.


*   24,    60,    120,    210,    (...)
       1) 300       2) 336          3) 420          4) 525      5) None of these
Ans: 2.


Letter, Number mixed series:
*  Which of the following will come in place of the question mark (?) in the following letter-number series?     M3V     05U      R7T      T9S       W11R        ?
      1)  Y13Q     2)  Z13Q       3)  Y15Q           4)  Y13P         5)  None of these
Ans: 1.


*  Which of the following will come in place of the question mark (?) in the following letter-number series?      B6D,        C12I,        D20P,       ?
       1) E30Y      2) E30Q     3) E30S       4) Can't be determined       5) None of these
Ans: 1.

Hint:  The number series:  22+2,   32+3,   42+4,   52+5.     The letter series is following;
2 = B,   22 = D,   3 = C,   32 = I,   4 = D,   42= P,   5 = E,   52 = Y. 


*    What will come in place of question mark (?) in the following series?
       X5C,      U8F,       ?,      O17L,     L23O
       1) R10K       2) P12I       3) R12I         4) R10I       5) None of these
Ans: 3. 
Hint: The left letter moves three letters backward while the right one moves three letters forward. The number in the middle increases by 3,4, 5, 6, ...


*  What should come in place of the question mark (?) in the following series?
       C0G,          E2I,         ?,          I12M
     1) G4K          2) G6K         3) G8K         4) H5L       5) None of these
Ans: 2.


*   Which of the following will come in place of the question mark (?) in the following letter-number series?  
       C1A,       F4E,       H9I,      ?,      M25U
      1) J160      2) J16M       3) K16O         4) K16Q      5) None of these
Ans: 3. 
Hint: The first character of each group is taken from consonants. Starting with 'c' every alternate letter is taken. The second characters of each group a squares of natural nos. The third characters are vowels.

కంబైన్డ్‌ గ్రాడ్యుయేట్‌ లెవల్‌ ఎగ్జామ్

కేంద్రప్రభుత్వ ఉద్యోగం చేయాలని చాలామంది కలలు కంటుంటారు. ఈ కొలువుల్లో రెండో అత్యుత్తమమైనవి... గ్రూప్‌-బీ, గ్రూప్‌ సీ పోస్టులు. గ్రాడ్యుయేషన్‌ పూర్తిచేసినవారు ఈ సీజీఎల్‌ పరీక్షకు పోటీపడవచ్చు. మౌఖిక పరీక్ష (ఇంటర్వ్యూ) లేని ఈ కలల పోస్టులను గెల్చుకోవటానికి ఏ ప్రణాళికను ఎలా అమలు చేయాలి?

 

గ్రూప్‌-బీ పోస్టుల్లో రెండు గెజిటెడ్‌ ఆఫీసర్‌ పోస్టులుంటాయి (అసిస్టెంట్‌ ఆడిట్‌ ఆఫీసర్‌, అసిస్టెంట్‌ అకౌంట్స్‌ ఆఫీసర్‌). అలాగే సెంట్రల్‌ సెక్రటేరియట్‌ సర్వీస్‌, ఇంటెలిజన్స్‌ బ్యూరో, రైల్వే మినిస్టరీ, విదేశాంగ శాఖ, సెంట్రల్‌ బ్యూరో ఆఫ్‌ ఇన్వెస్టిగేషన్‌, ఇన్‌కమ్‌ టాక్స్‌, పోస్టల్‌ డిపార్ట్‌మెంట్‌, రెవిన్యూ డిపార్ట్‌మెంట్‌, నేషనల్‌ ఇన్వెస్టిగేషన్‌ ఏజన్సీ, సెంట్రల్‌ బ్యూరో ఆఫ్‌ నార్కోటిక్స్‌, కస్టమ్స్‌ డిపార్ట్‌మెంట్లలో గ్రూప్‌-బీ, గ్రూప్‌-సీ పోస్టులుంటాయి. కేంద్రప్రభుత్వ శాఖల్లోని గ్రూప్‌-ఏ అధికారుల ఆధ్వర్యంలో వీరు పనిచేయాలి. ఫీల్డ్‌ జాబ్‌, డెస్క్‌ జాబ్‌లుంటాయి. ఫీల్డ్‌ ఉద్యోగంలో భాగంగా వివిధ కంపెనీలు, పరిశ్రమలు, కర్మాగారాలు సందర్శించి వారి నుంచి సమాచారం సేకరించడం, ప్రభుత్వ అనుమతుల, నిబంధనల ప్రకారం నడుపుతున్నారా లేదా పరిశీలించాలి. టాక్సులు సక్రమంగా చెల్లిస్తున్నారో లేదో లాంటివాటిపై శ్రద్ధ చూపాలి. వారు తీసుకున్న సమాచారం ఆధారంగా డెస్క్‌జాబ్‌ పోస్టుల విధులుంటాయి.
 

ఎంపిక ఎలా?


4 అంచెలుగా అభ్యర్థుల ఎంపిక జరుగుతుంది. మొదటి రెండు ఆన్‌లైన్‌ విధానంలో పరీక్ష నిర్వహిస్తారు. మూడోది డిస్క్రిప్టివ్‌ పరీక్ష. నాలుగోది కంప్యూటర్‌ స్కిల్‌ టెస్ట్‌ (టైపింగ్‌). గతంలో నిర్వహిస్తుండే మౌఖిక పరీక్షను తొలగించి, ఆ స్థానంలో చివరి రెండు అంచెలను ప్రవేశపెట్టారు. ప్రతి పరీక్షలో కనీస అర్హత మార్కులు పొందినవారిని మాత్రమే తర్వాత జరగబోయే పరీక్షకు అర్హులుగా ప్రకటిస్తారు. ఆన్‌లైన్‌ రాతపరీక్షలో రుణాత్మక మార్కులు (1/4వ వంతు) ఉన్నాయి.
టైర్‌-1 పరీక్ష: దీనిలో 100 ప్రశ్నలను 60 నిమిషాలలో పూర్తి చేయాలి. నాలుగు విభాగాలుగా విభజించి ప్రతి విభాగం నుంచి 25 ప్రశ్నలు ఇస్తారు. ప్రతి ప్రశ్నకూ 2 మార్కులు..
టైర్‌-2 పరీక్ష: దీనిలో కనీస అర్హత మార్కులు పొందిన అభ్యర్థులందరూ వారు దరఖాస్తు చేసిన పోస్టులకు అతీతంగా పేపర్‌-1, పేపర్‌-2 పరీక్షలు రాయాలి.
పేపర్‌-1లో మేథమేటిక్స్‌, అరిథ్‌మెటిక్‌ అంశాల నుంచి 100 ప్రశ్నలు వస్తాయి. 200 మార్కులకు జరిగే ఈ పరీక్షను 2 గంటల సమయంలో పూర్తిచేయాలి.
పేపర్‌-2లో ఇంగ్లిష్‌ లాంగ్వేజి ప్రశ్నలు 200 వస్తాయి. 200 మార్కులకు జరిగే ఈ పరీక్షకు కూడా 2 గంటల సమయం.
జూనియర్‌ స్టాటిస్టికల్‌ ఆఫీసర్‌ పోస్టుకు దరఖాస్తు చేసినవారు పేపర్‌-3 పరీక్ష రాయాలి. స్టాటిస్టిక్స్‌ విభాగం నుంచి 100 ప్రశ్నలకు 200 మార్కులు కేటాయించారు. 2 గంటల సమయంలో పూర్తిచేయాలి.
గ్రూప్‌-బీ గెజిటెడ్‌ పోస్టుకు దరఖాస్తు చేసినవారు పేపర్‌-4 పరీక్ష రాయాలి. ఎకనామిక్స్‌, ఫైనాన్స్‌ అంశాల నుంచి 100 ప్రశ్నలు వస్తాయి. 200 మార్కులకు జరిగే పరీక్ష వ్యవధి 2 గంటలు.
టైర్‌-3 పరీక్ష: ఇంగ్లిష్‌ (లేదా) హిందీ మాధ్యమాల్లో ఏదైనా ఎంచుకుని పెన్‌, పేపర్‌ విధానంలో డిస్క్రిప్టివ్‌ పరీక్ష రాయాలి. ఎస్సే, ప్రెస్సీ, లెటర్‌, అప్లికేషన్‌ రైటింగ్‌ సంబంధిత ప్రశ్నలు వస్తాయి. 100 మార్కులకు జరిగే పేపర్‌-3 పరీక్షను 60 నిమిషాల వ్యవధిలో పూర్తి చేయాలి.
టైర్‌-4 పరీక్ష: కంప్యూటర్‌ స్కిల్‌ టెస్ట్‌ (లేదా) కంప్యూటర్‌ ప్రొఫిషియన్సీ పరీక్షలో అభ్యర్థుల టైపింగ్‌ను పరీక్షిస్తారు.
నాలుగు పరీక్షల్లో ప్రతి దానిలో అర్హత మార్కులు పొంది, అన్ని పరీక్షల్లో కలిపి వచ్చిన మార్కుల్లో మెరిట్‌ ఆధారంగా పోస్టులు భర్తీ చేస్తారు.

 

దేనిలో ఎన్ని మార్కులు?
టైర్‌-1, టైర్‌-2 పరీక్షల్లో పేపర్‌-3, పేపర్‌-4 మినహా మొత్తం 600 మార్కులకు పరీక్ష జరుగుతుంది. ఇందులో- జనరల్‌ ఇంటెలిజెన్స్‌ నుంచి 50 మార్కులు, జనరల్‌ ఎవేర్‌నెస్‌ నుంచి 50 మార్కులు, క్వాంటిటేటివ్‌ ఆప్టిట్యూడ్‌ నుంచి 250 మార్కులు, ఇంగ్లిష్‌ లాంగ్వేజ్‌, కాంప్రహెన్షన్‌ల నుంచి 250 మార్కులు.
కాబట్టి క్వాంటిటేటివ్‌ ఆప్టిట్యూడ్‌, ఇంగ్లిష్‌ లాంగ్వేజ్‌ల నుంచి అత్యధిక మార్కులు తెచ్చుకున్నవారికి అవకాశాలు ఎక్కువ!

VOCABULARY

Vocabulary: Meanings (synonyms)

1. Mrs Bates tried to domesticate Anna.
    Domesticate  to make (an animal) able to live with man and serve him  tam  bring under control  train
2. What God decrees we have to accept.
     Decree  command  decide  order  judgement
3. We were nonplussed that the mistress of the house had heard of the tragedy.
     Nonplussed  confused  surprised  puzzled  bewildered  dazed
4. They endeavoured to explain it as an act of charity.
    Endeavour  strive  try hard  make an effort  attempt  struggle
5. All this played real havoc on our imagination.
    Havoc  destruction  disturbance  disorder  disaster  devastation  chaos
6. I found that I could scarcely breathe.

    Scarcely  barely  almost not  hardly  (only) just
7. It was an eternal mystery to us.
    Eternal  forever  always  never ending  endless  everlasting  incessant  continual
8. God had taken the baby at such a tender age.
     Tender  delicate  young  child-like  gentle
9. We shuddered as we gnawed at the hunk of meat.
     Shudder  tremble  quiver  shake  shiver  tremor
10. The dog snarled at the intruder.
      Snarl  scowl  growl  threaten  intimidate  scare

 

Choose the alternative that best fits the blank:
1. The dancers were in Japanese __________. (outfit, dress, costume)
2. He is a wolf in the ___________ of a sheep. (attire, costume, garb)
3. She came to the party ________ her new diamond necklace. (showing, sporting, having)
4. We recognised him to be a policeman by his_________. (attire, uniform, garment)
5. The beggar's _________ were in tatters. (clothes, dress, costume)

 

Conditional clause ('If ' clause):
Conditional clauses are classified into three types based on the tenses.
They are:   1. Probable (possible) condition
                    2. Improbable condition
                    3. Unfulfilled condition


                                                                   Type - I
                                                Probable / possible condition

 

Usage: We use this type to talk about the future activities that are quite possible.
Structure: If (Subject + V1     Subject + can / will / may + V1)
           e.g: If you work hard,                     you can get the first rank.
                  Simple present tense               Simple future tense
1. Walk fast or you will miss the bus.
                  If you walk fast,                    you will not miss the bus.
                         sub + V1                                    sub + will + V1
                  Unless you walk fast, you will miss the bus.
                                   (unless = if not)

2. Take the medicine regularly or you may fall ill again.
          If you take the medicine regularly you may not fall ill again.
          Unless you take the medicine regularly, you may fall ill again.


                                                                  Type - II
                                           Improbable / Imaginary condition

 

Usage: We use this type to talk about the actions that we think are possible but not very
             probable. It indicates that we do not expect the action in the If-clause to take place.
Structure: If (Subject + V2  Subject + could / would / might + V1)
                   e.g: If I were a doctor,    I could give you treatment.
                                   V2                            V1
Note:     [  V1         V2          V3]
                  is         are        been
                are       were
                   e.g: 1) I am not a bird. So, I can' t fly in the sky.
                           If I were a bird,                    I could fly in the sky.
                               V- Simple past tense          conditional past

 Note: [ The above sentence is quite imaginary. It is not possible, i.e., unreal]
            2) I don't have money. So I can't give you any.                                          (March 2003)
              If I had money,                    I could give you some / any.
                          V2                                       conditional past
Note:       [ V1          V2         V3]
                  have      had       had
                  has
[The above sentence is not possible for that situation, but quite imaginary]
3) I don't have time. So, I can't accept the job.
      If I had time,     I could accept the job.


                                                                  Type - III
                                                        Unfulfilled condition

 

Usage: We use this type to talk about past actions that didn't happen. It expresses a condition in the past that hasn't been fulfiled (Unfulfilled).
Structure: If [ subject + had + V3  subject would have / could have / might have + V3]            

                   e.g: If you had asked me,               I would have helped you.
                       Past perfect tense                     Perfect conditional tense
1. He didn't study well. So, he failed.                                                                  
     If he had studied well, he would not have failed.
2. She didn't carry her driving license. So, she had to pay a fine.
      If she had carried her driving license, she would not have had to pay a fine.
3. You didn't take the medicines regularly. So, you fell ill again.
     If you had taken the medicines regularly, you would not have fallen ill again.
4. I was held up in a traffic jam. So, I missed the train.                                        
     If I had not been held up in a traffic jam, I would not have missed the train.
5. No precautions were taken. So, many were killed in the cyclone.
     If precautions had been taken, many would not have been killed in the cyclone.


Notice the following structures:
         Type I            Sub + V1                Sub + will
         Type II          Sub + V2                Sub + would
         Type III        Sub + had + V3      Sub + would have           

                          If you invite me,   I will attend the party.
                                      V1
                       If you invited me,   I would attend the party.
                                      V2
                       If you had invited me,   I would have attended the party.
                                      had + V3

ALPHABETICAL SEQUENE

SOLVED EXAMPLES

Example 1 :
What will come in the place of the question mark (?) in the following sequence? 
CONSEQUENCES      ONSEQUENCE      NSEQUENC                 ?                 EQUE
    (1) SEQUE    (2) EQUEN     (3) SEQUENC    (4) SEQUEN      (5) NONE OF THESE
Sol. (4)


          Example 2: 
What should come in place of the question mark (?) in the following series?
AC FH KM PR ?
    (1) UW         (2) VX       (3) VW       (4) TV       (5) None of these


          Example 3 :
What will come in the place of the question mark (?) in the following sequence?
AI, BJ, CK, ?
    (1) DL       (2) DM      (3) GH       (4) LM       (5) None of these
Sol. (1)

          


Example 4:
What will come in place of the question mark(?) in the following series of English alphabet?
AE CG EI GK ?
    (1) MI        (2) M        (3) HM        (4) IL        (5) None of these
Sol. (2)

             


Example 5:
Which of the following will come in place of the question mark (?) In the alpha order given below?
AB ABC BC BCD CD CD ?
     (1) D        (2) E      (3) C      (4) F      (5) None of these
Sol. (2) AB, ABC
              BC, BCD
             CD, CDE


                                                                EXERCISE
1. What will come next in the following letter series? AACACEACEGACEGIACEGI
A: K
Sol.


 2. What will com …. E of question mark (?) in the alpha order given below? CBAACBAABCBAABCCBAAB?
A: C
Sol.

   


3. The following groups of alphabets form a certain pattern with regard to their positions in the English alphabetic series. Based upon the pattern, which of the following five alternatives shall replace the question mark? AD, FC, HK, MJ, ?
A: OR
Sol

 

4. Find the next term in the series T, R, P, N, L, ?, ?
A: J, H
Sol.

  


5. What will come next in the following series?
    Ababcdbcdabcdedabcdefabed
A: c
Sol.
    


6. What should come next in the following letter series?
    AABABCABCDANBDABCDEABCDEF
A: G
Sol.
    


7. Find the next term in the series AZ, GT, MN, ?, YB
A: SH
Sol.
       


8. Find the next term in the series GH, JL, NQ, SW, YD, ?
A: FL
Sol.
             


9. What should come next in the following letter series?
HGFEDCBABHGFEDCBAHFEDCBAH
Sol. HGFEDCBAH; GFEDCBAH; FEDCBAH; ed.........7.......
10. Find the next term in the series BMX, DNW, FOU, ?
A: HPT
Sol.